BOOK 1 LESSON 5 1°) Savoir présenter un

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BOOK 1 LESSON 5 1°) Savoir présenter un
BOOK 1 LESSON 5
1°) Savoir présenter un monarche, un arbre généalogique.
2°) Savoir dire et demander une date de naissance ou de mort.
3°) Savoir présenter une personne (biographie).
Le passé (prétérite) des verbes BE / HAVE et des
verbes réguliers.
BOOK 1 LESSON 5
British National Anthem
1
God save our gracious Queen, King
2
Long live our noble Queen,
3
God save the Queen!
King
4
Send her victorious
him
5
Happy and glorious
6
Long to reign over us;
7
God save the Queen!
King
King
THINK ABOUT IT
Parler des monarques et des titres de noblesse.
Queen Elizabeth II is Prince Charles's mother.
The Duke of York is the Queen's son.
I – REPÉRER & COMPRENDRE :
Dans les exemples, entoure en rouge l'article "the".
Dans les exemples, souligne en vert les prénoms.
 Lorsque l'on met le prénom après le titre de noblesse,
l'article "the" n'apparaît pas.
En français on traduira : Queen Elizabeth II par : la reine Elisabeth 2 .
 Lorsque l'on parle de la fonction de la personne, sans la nommer, alors
l'article "the" apparaît
II – S'EXPRIMER :
Ecoute les noms suivants et écrits les mots en toutes lettres comme tu les
entends.
1)Henry VIII = Henry the eighth
2) Edward VII = Edward the seventh
The first
The second
nombres
3) George V = George the fifth
The third
ordinaux
4) Edward VIII = Edward the eighth
The nombreTH
5) George VI = George the sixth
6) Elizabeth II = Elisabeth the second
 Lorsque je veux parler des rois et des reines, je fais suivre le prénom de
l'article THE puis du nombre ORDINAL .
Génitif=possession
Présent : He is Prince Charles’s son. Who is he ?
Passé : He was Elisabeth’s father. Who was he ?
Monday, February 27th
EXERCISE
Le chien de Tom
Tom’s dog
William est le frère de Harry.
William is
Harry’s brother.
Charles est le père de William.
Charles is William’s father.
Victoria était la grand-mère de George.
Victoria was George’s grand-mother.
Anne est la sœur de Andrew et la fille de la reine Elizabeth.
Anne is Andrew’s sister and Queen Elizabeth ‘s daughter.
Comment dire les années :
1965 : nineteen sixty-five
1778 :seventeen seventy-eight
2020 : twenty twenty
1901 : nineteen oh one
Comment dire une date de naissance :
I was born in 1990. (nineteen ninety)
She was born in 1802. (eighteen oh two)
singulier
They were born in 1410. (fourteen ten)
pluriel
Exercise : (dates en toutes lettres)
Il est né en 1550 : he was born in fifteen fifty.
Elle est née en 1998 : she was born in nineteen ninety-eight.
Je suis née en 1969 : I was born in nineteen sixty-nine.
Vous êtes né en 2010 : You were born in twenty ten.
Ils sont nés en 1840 : they were born in eighteen forty.
Elles sont nées en 1666 : they were born in sixteen sixty-six.
WB 2p30
1
2
3
5
8
9
20
31
One
Two
Three
Five
Eight
Nine
Twenty
Thirty-one
Worksheet A
1st
2nd
3rd
5th
8th
9th
20th
31st
The first
The second
The third
The fifth
The eighth
The nineth
The twentieth
The thirty-first
Exchange information with your partner
Talking about the past, about famous people
First, ask your partner questions. Then, answer his or her questions.
When did he die ?
When was Shakespeare born?
1 – Shakespeare
(.........................)
2- Mozart (1756-1791)
3- Queen Victoria
(............................)
4- Marilyn Monroe (1926-1962)
5- Tupac Shakur (1971-1996)
6- Bob Marley
7- Princess Diana (1961-1997)
(....................................)
8- james Brown
(..................................... )
Comment interroger sur les dates de naissance/mort :
When was Shakespeare born ? He was born in 1564.
When was Princess Diana born ? She was born in 1961.
When did Shakespeare die ? He died in 1616
/did/
/dai/
/daid/
When did Princess Diana die ? She died in 1997.
Friday, March 2nd
WB 3p30
I was born in August 1999.
Hugo was born in August 2000.
When was MJ born ? He was born in 1956
When was Mozart born ? He was born in 1756
TALKING ABOUT DATES :
Christmas day is on the twenty-fifth of December.
(nombre ordinal)
Boxing day is on the twenty-sixth of December.
New year’s day is on the first of January.
Valentine’s day is on the fourteenth of February.
St patrick’s day is on the seventeenth of March.
April’s fool day is on the first of April.
Easter is on the eighth of April.
Mother’s day is on the third of June.
Independance day is on the fourth of July.
All saints day is on the first of November.
Dire les dates de naissance :
When were you born ?
I was born in 1999.
I was born in April.
I was born on the twentieth of April, 1999.
IN + mois ou année
ON+ date précise
WB 1p30
When were you born ?
I was born on January the third, 2000.
The third of January
When were you born ?
I was born on the twenty-second of August, 1997.
August the twenty-second, 1997.
When were you born ?
I was born in April 1984, on the fifth .
When was she born ?
She was born on the tenth of March 2005.
BE AU PASSE
Sujet
I / HE/ SHE/ IT
WE / YOU/ THEY
Be au passé
WAS
WERE
Exercice :
Je suis né en mai 1999:
I was born in May nineteen ninety-nine.
Elle est née le 10 juin 1878:
She was born in June eighteen seventy-eight, on the tenth.
She was born on the tenth of June eighteen seventy-eight.
Ils sont nés en 2002:
They were born in twenty oh two.
Il est né le 22 janvier:
He was born on the twenty-second of January.
Je suis né en octobre 1980:
I was born in October nineteen eighty.
Il est mort en 1515:
He died in fifteen fifteen
Elle est morte le 1 fevrier 1850:
She died on the first of February eighteen fifty
Ils sont morts en juin :
They died in June.
Elles sont mortes le 23 mars 1945:
They died on the twenty-third of March nineteen fortyfive.
READING HENRY VIII
Name: Henry VIII
Date and place of birth : London, Greenwich 1491
Date and place of death: London 1547
Reigned: 1509-1547
Henry VIII was born in 1491 in Greenwich, in London. He died in 1547 in
London.
He reigned from 1509 to 1547.
Henry VIII had 6 wives : Catherine of Aragon was his first wife, Anne Boleyn was
his second wife… He divorced Catherine of Aragon and Anne of Cleves. Anne
Boleyn and Catherine Howard were beheaded.
He had 3 children : 2 daughters (Mary and Elizabeth) and 1 son (Edward).
Henry was Mary’s father. Edward was Henry’s son. Henry was Anne Boleyn’s
husband. Catherine of Aragon was Henry’s wife. Jane Seymour was Edward’s
mother.
Ce texte parle d’événements : présent / passé/ futur ? Ce texte et donc au passé en anglais ce temps
s’appelle le preterit.
Le passé de BE : retrouve les phrases affirmatives avec BE.
H8 was born in London.
His first wife was C of A.
A B was 20 years old.
WAS = SINGULIER
She was beheaded.
WERE = PLURIEL
She was only 18.
He died when he was 15.
She and her lovers were beheaded.
Le passé de HAVE: retrouve les phrases affirmatives avec HAVE
He had a daughter
HAD
She had a son.
They had a daughter
Le passé des autres verbes:
Voici des bases verbales retrouve ces verbes au passé dans le texte :
BASE VERBALE
PASSE
BASE VERBALE
PASSE
ASK
ASKED
BE
WAS / WERE
MARRY
MARRIED
HAVE
HAD
DIE
DIED
BECOME
BECAME
REIGN
REIGNED
FALL
FELL
GET tired
GOT TIRED
GET a divorce
GOT A DIVORCE
COME
CAME
Retrouve les phrases négatives qui sont dans le texte:
They didn’t have a son.
He didn’t like her.
LE PRETERIT
Les phrases au prétérit sont souvent associées à des marqueurs de temps,
retrouve les :
Hier : yesterday Pendant les années 60 : in the sixties (the 60s)
Samedi dernier : last Saturday
En 1980 : in 1980
La semaine dernière : last week
En juin 1950 : in June 1950
Quand j’avais 6 ans : when I was 6
De 1960 à 1984 : from 1960 to 1984
Voici des phrases, lis les et entoure la marque du passé :
I worked hard.
He played tennis
He had a son
He became king
(+)
S + BV-ed
They didn’t work hard.
She didn’t play tennis.
He didn’t have a daughter
She didn’t become queen
(-)
S + DIDN’T + BV
Did
Did
Did
Did
you work hard ?
he play tennis ?
he have a son?
he become king?
( ?)
DID + S+ BV ?
Pour parler d’événements passé j’utilise le preterit.
Il existe 2 sortes de verbes : les réguliers et les irréguliers.
1°) Les verbes réguliers
A la forme affirmative la marque du passé est -ED Elle est à la fin du verbe.
A la forme négative ou interrogative j’utilise l’auxiliaire DID suivi de la base
verbale.
2°) Les verbes irréguliers
Je dois les apprendre par coeur , je les trouve dans le livre p 156-157
LE PRETERITE
EXERCICES
Conjugue les verbes suivant au préterite, tous ces verbes sont réguliers :
Henry VIII __________________ (REIGN) a long time, he ________________
(LOVE) women so he _________________ (MARRY) 6 times. He
__________________ (DIVORCE) twice and he _________________ (BEHEAD) two
of his wives because he ____________________ (WANT) a baby boy! He
________________ (PLAY) tennis very well !
Conjugue les verbes suivant au préterite, attention certains sont irréguliers, tu as
besoin de prendre ton livre p 156/157 :
Henry VIII _________________ (HAVE) 6 wives and 3 children. He
___________________ (BECOME) king in 1509 and ______________________
(DIE) in 1547. He ____________________ (HAVE) é daughters and a son: Mary
________________ (BE) Catherine of Aragon’s daughter, Anne Boleyn
_______________ (BE) Elizabeth’s mother and Edward ____________________
Jane Seymour’s son.
Edward, Mary and Elizabeth all _________________ (BECOME) king or queen one day.
Voici des phrases affirmatives, transforme les en phrases négatives:
Henry VIII was a very patient husband → Henry VIII wasn’t a very patient husband.
Henry VIII playes the violin → Henry VIII didn’t play the violin.
Henry lived in Hampton court →
Edward died very young →
Henry VIII became king in 1508 →
He had 5 children →
He loved food and became very fat →
Réponds aux questions suivantes par des phrases complètes (aide toi du livre p 25):
How many children did Queen Elizabeth have ?
Who was Prince Harry’s mother?
When did Edward VIII abdicate?
When did George VI reign?
When did George V die ?
Where did Henry VIII live?
Who was Catherine of Aragon’s daughter?
How many times did henry VIII divorce?
PRONONCIATION DE LA TERMINAISON DU PRETERIT
La terminaison « -ed » du prétérit peut se prononcer de .......... façons
différentes.
[id] quand la base verbale se termine par les sons [ ] ou [ ]
[t] quand la base verbale se termine par les sons [ ], [ ], [
]
[
]
[ d ] pour ....................................................................
], [
], [

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