Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units

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Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Directory
of the
34
CIRAD
research units
2015 > 2019 edition
www.cirad.fr Working together for
tomorrow’s agriculture
CIRAD is the French agricultural research
and international cooperation
organization working for the sustainable
development of tropical and
Mediterranean regions.
With those countries, it works to generate
and disseminate new knowledge, support
agricultural development, and contribute
to the debate on the main global issues
concerning agriculture, food and
rural territories.
CIRAD has a global network of research
and training platforms in partnership and
regional offices, through which it works
hand in hand with more than
100 countries.
34
The
CIRAD
research units
Those research units may be internal (UR) or involve one or more
other research and higher education establishments (UMR). Their
scientific and partnership objectives include
building knowledge, expertise and partnerIt is CIRAD’s
ships, training, and relations with the ecoresearch units,
nomic and social environment. Those
operational
objectives are set and achieved in collaboration with partners and other
working groups
research units. In the case of overseas
centring on
partners, operations may be conscientific projects,
ducted within the framework of platwhich implement forms in partnership for research and
its strategy.
training (dP).
Research units generally span several geographical sites, in France and overseas, and involve staff members
from various fields. Each one is overseen by one of CIRAD’s three
scientific departments.
All CIRAD’s research units were reviewed in 2014. Those units
that were confirmed have submitted a five-year plan for the
period 2015-2019. The information given in this directory reflects
CIRAD’s overall strategy and objectives, set out in 2014 in its
“Scientific and Partnership Strategy Objectives (SPSOs)”.
Patrick Caron,
Director General in charge of Research and Strategy
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
<1>
A global network of partners
CIRAD is a targeted research organization that sees partnership as one
of the cornerstones of its scientific strategy.
Africa
1 ASAP
Agro-silvo-pastoral Systems
in West Africa
PCP AFS-PC
18
2 CRDPI
Sustainable Production of
Industrial Crops in Congo
CaribVET
20
3 DIVECOSYS
Agro-ecological Pest Management
in West Africa
16
AMAZONIE
RESEARCH HUBS
AND PLATFORMS
19
PP-AL
4 DPFAC
Forests of Central Africa
CIBA
17
5 F&B
Forests and Biodiversity
in Madagascar
6 Agroforesterie Cameroun
Agroforestry Systems
in Central Africa
Latin America / Caribbean
16 AMAZONIE
Forests, Agriculture and
Territorial Development in Amazonia
17 CIBA
International Consortium for
Advanced Biology in Brazil
18 PCP AFS-PC
Agroforestry Systems
in Central America
19 PP-AL
Public Policy and Rural Development
in Latin America
20 CaribVET
Caribbean Animal Health Network
7 PP & G
Public Policies and Governance
in Southern Africa
8 PPZS
Pastoralism and Drylands
in West Africa
9 RP-PCP
Production and Conservation
in Partnership in Southern Africa
10 SISTO
Spatial Information Systems
in West Africa
11 SPAD
Highland Production Systems and
Sustainability in Madagascar
22 IAVAO
Innovation and Plant Breeding
in West Africa
23 ONE HEALTH OI
One Health Network – Indian Ocean
< 2 >
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
On the strength of its long experience of working in some 50 countries
in Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Pacific, CIRAD has drawn up a
geographical partnership strategy, centring on the implementation of
research and training platforms in partnership (dP).
Siège social
21 SIRMA
CANSEA 12 15 MALICA
PPZS ASAP
SISTO
1
8
10
22
IAVAO
3
HRPP 14
13 GREASE
AGROFORESTERIE
6
DIVECOSYS
4 DPFAC
2 CRDPI
F&B
RP-PCP
9
PP&G
7
5
11
SPAD
23 ONE HEALTH OI
Mediterranean
Asia
21 SIRMA
Irrigation Systems
in North Africa
12 CANSEA
Conservation Agriculture in Southeast Asia
13 GREASE
Emerging Diseases in Southeast Asia
14 HRPP
Hevea Research Platform in Partnership in Southeast Asiast
15 MALICA
Markets and Agriculture Linkages for Cities in Asia
What is a platform?
A platform in partnership for research and training is a group of partners
with the desire to work together; shared outlooks and objec­tives; the long-term
com­mitment of human, material and financial resources to achieve those objectives;
a shared research theme; a defined geographical area; a critical mass of multiple skills
and activities.
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
<3>
CIRAD in a few figures
CIRAD
1650 staff members
A budget of
e 200M
in 2014
1st agricultural research player
in the French overseas regions
TRAINING
5400 hours of teaching each year
300 PhD students supervised each year,
including 200 from southern countries
A partner in 120 higher education courses
(Masters to PhDs) in France and abroad
PARTNERSHIP
assigned abroad
200 researchers
and in the French Overseas Departments
19 000 days of missions/year
100 countries,
in partnership with 150 organizations
Activities in more than
RESEARCH
publications per year, including
800
400 co-publications with researchers
from partner countries
More than
20 research and training platforms
in partnership worldwide
researchers and technicians from all over the world
received each year
800
< 4 >
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
CIRAD has three scientific departments
> Biological Systems (BIOS)
>P
erformance of Tropical Production and
Processing Systems (PERSYST)
> Environments and Societies (ES)
These scientific departments coordinate 34 research units:
ten internal research units (UR), 23 joint research units (UMR)
and one service unit (US).
Its research operations are structured
along six strategic lines of research
> ECOLOGICALLY INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE
Inventing sustainable farming systems that make optimum use
of agro-ecosystems.
>B
IOMASS AND NON-FOOD USES
Innovating towards sustainable non-food uses for biomass.
>S
USTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEMS
Ensuring food security in southern societies.
>A
NIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH
Understanding, anticipating and managing the risks linked to animal
and plant pests and diseases.
>P
UBLIC ACTION FOR DEVELOPMENT
Supporting public action towards reducing structural inequality
and poverty.
>S
OCIETIES, NATURE AND TERRITORIES
Supporting societies in managing territories sustainably.
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
<5>
Biological Systems
(BIOS)
The Biological Systems Department conducts research on the
living world, its characterization
and its exploitation.
It addresses the diversity, biology
and functioning of organisms and
the relations between them and
with their environment.
B. Locatelli © CIRAD
It works on a genome, cell, organism and population level. Its
research centres on the interactions between genotypes and
with their environment, drawing
upon concepts and tools from the
fields of genomics, molecular
physiology, statistics, genetics,
epidemiology and ecophysiology.
It combines analysis and modelling so as to gain a clearer understanding of biological systems.
< 6 >
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Biological Systems (BIOS)
Daniel Barthélémy, Director
Dominique Berry, Deputy Director
[email protected]
Montpellier, France
Jean-Louis Noyer, Associate Director
> B iology and Genetics of Plant-Pathogen Interactions
(UMR BGPI) - PAGE 8
> B otany and Modelling of Plant Architecture and Vegetation
(UMR AMAP) - PAGE 9
> C entre for Biology and Management of Populations
(UMR CBGP) - PAGE 10
> C ontrol of Emerging and Exotic Animal Diseases (UMR CMAEE) - PAGE 11
> C rop Diversity, Adaptation and Development (UMR DIADE) - PAGE 12
> G enetic Improvement and Adaptation of Mediterranean and
Tropical Plants (UMR AGAP) - PAGE 13
>H
ost-Vector-Parasite-Environment Interactions in Neglected Tropical
Diseases due to Trypanosomatids (UMR InterTryp) - PAGE 14
> L aboratory of Tropical and Mediterranean Symbioses
(UMR LSTM) - PAGE 15
> P ests and Diseases: Risk Analysis and Control (UR) - PAGE 16
> P lant Communities and Biological Invaders in Tropical Environments
(UMR PVBMT) - PAGE 17
> P lant-Microorganism-Environment Interactions (UMR IPME) - PAGE 18
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
<7>
Biology and Genetics of Plant-Pathogen Interactions
(UMR BGPI)
http://umr-bgpi.cirad.fr/
UMR
Threats from plant pathogens are increasing as a result of globalization, human mobility,
climate change, and pathogen or vector evolution. The BGPI joint research unit aims to
study plant diseases from molecular to landscape level, with the goal of proposing sustainable control methods against pathogens of temperate and tropical crops. Population
dynamics of emerging diseases and mechanisms of pathogenicity and plant resistance
are the main fields of study. Knowledge transfer for quarantine management of genetic
resources is also a strong component of BGPI’s activities.
.
Claire NEEMA > Head, Montpellier SupAgro, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Didier THARREAU > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France; Institut national de la
recherche agronomique (INRA), France.
As of 2015,the UMR has a staff of 86 > 79 researchers and technicians
and 7 administrative staff members, including 44 people from CIRAD > 38 researchers and technicians and 6 administrative staff members, and is supervising 9 PhD
students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Bolivia, France (Montpellier
and Guadeloupe), South Africa.
< 8 >
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Botany and Modelling of Plant Architecture
and Vegetation (UMR AMAP)
http://amap.cirad.fr/
UMR
Associating several disciplines—botany, ecology, applied mathematics and computer
science—is a major technical and scientific challenge for modern agriculture and forestry.
This multidisciplinarity enables the development of new applications and tools for identifying plants, estimating biomass stocks, managing crops, forests and the environment,
and developing rural areas.
UMR AMAP develops and assesses models that analyse and monitor the morphological,
anatomical and functional parameters of plant architectural development, either in isolation or in communities. AMAP’s main research topics concern the systematics and
phylogeny of current and fossilized plants, as well as the analysis, modelling and simulation of plant and plant community structure and functions. AMAP produces free software
products for research, some of which are subsequently marketed after transfer to private
companies. Knowledge, methods and tools are widely disseminated to researchers and
students who are frequently received for training purposes.
Thierry FOURCAUD > Head, CIRAD, Montpellier France
[email protected]
Jean-François MOLINO > Deputy Head, IRD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Raphaël PÉLISSIER > Deputy Head, IRD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS),
France; University of Montpellier (UM), France; Institut national de la recherche
agronomique (INRA), France; Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD).
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 79 > 74 researchers, engineers and technicians
and 5 administrative staff members, including 26 people from CIRAD > 24 researchers
and technicians and 2 administrative staff members, and is supervising
30 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > France (French Guiana,
Metropolitan France), New Caledonia, India.
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
<9>
Centre for Biology and Management of Populations
(UMR CBGP)
UMR
http://www6.montpellier.inra.fr/cbgp_eng/
To improve control strategies against pests and identify means of conserving threatened
natural populations, it is vital to modify the constraints to which they are subject, and
thus to analyse the constraints on each set of organisms, and how those organisms adapt
to changes in the constraints.
UMR CBGP aims to understand the mechanisms that govern populations of organisms
that are important to agriculture, forests, human health and biodiversity conservation.
Its studies concern biological models (arthropods, nematodes and rodents), and follow
six lines of research: origin and characterization of biodiversity; adaptation of plant eaters,
their natural enemies and symbionts; ecology and evolution of zoonoses; biology, ecology
and evolution of invasive species; statistical and evolutionary population genomics; and
high-throughput molecular and bioinformatics techniques.
The results of this academic research are made available to the unit’s partners with a view
to developing diagnostic and decision support tools and/or drafting management strategies.
Flavie VANLERBERGHE > Head, INRA, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Laurent GRANJON > Deputy Head, IRD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Jean-Pierre ROSSI > Deputy Head, INRA, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Antoine FOUCART > CIRAD Correspondent
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France; Institut national
de la recherche agronomique (INRA), France; Institut de recherche
pour le développement (IRD).
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 82 > 73 researchers and 9 administrative staff
members, including 10 researchers and technicians from CIRAD, and is supervising
17 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > France, Italy, Morocco.
< 10 >
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Control of Exotic and Emerging Animal Diseases
(UMR CMAEE)
http://umr-cmaee.cirad.fr/
UMR
Infectious diseases are one of the main constraints on livestock production in developing
countries. They have a direct impact on production, food security, and sometimes on
human health (zoonoses).
UMR CMAEE conducts in-depth research on these diseases, with a view to improving their
detection and control. Its results, which are generally obtained relatively rapidly, are
intended for direct application in the areas for which they were produced, but also in
regions which are at present disease-free but may be at risk in future. To this end, the
unit is involved in setting up international animal health and public veterinary health
networks.
Its research is based on studies of the interactions between pathogenic microorganisms,
target hosts (domestic and/or wild) and vectors, in the natural or manmade environment.
The viral and bacterial diseases studied concern species of economic interest in terms of
food (ruminants, pigs, poultry), or work and leisure activities (horses and donkeys). The
vectors studied in relation to these diseases include ticks, mosquitoes, midges and tsetse
flies.
Thierry LEFRANÇOIS > Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Renaud LANCELOT > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA),
France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 65 > 56 researchers, engineers and technicians
and 9 administrative staff members, including 60 people from CIRAD >
51 researchers, engineers and technicians and 9 administrative staff members,
and is supervising 18 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Austria, Belgium,
Burkina Faso, France (Metropolitan France, Guadeloupe, Réunion), Senegal
dP
…and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >
One Health Indian Ocean regional network (One Health IO);
Caribbean Animal Health Network (CaribVET).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 11 >
Crop Diversity, Adaptation and Development
(UMR DIADE)
http://www.diade.ird.fr
UMR
There are many issues surrounding the agriculture of today and of the future; they are
the result of recent environmental and societal changes and take account of the diversity
of species and histories.
UMR DIADE’s research aims to generate knowledge to develop appropriate strategies for
the preservation of tropical ecosystems and the promotion of crop biodiversity. It focuses
on tropical species (rice, coffee, Casuarina, palms, millet, yam, etc), whose conservation,
management and use are issues for the sustainable development of communities in the
South. It relies upon a wide range of approaches, ranging from population genetics and
functional and structural genomics to functional analysis of candidate genes.
The topics covered fall into two main fields: reproductive biology and the regulation of
plant development in order to obtain new phenotypes of agronomic interest; and the
evolution of genetic and functional biodiversity as a result of manmade and environmental factors.
Alain GHESQUIÈRE > Head, IRD, Montpellier, France
alain.ghesquiè[email protected]
Pascal GANTET > Deputy Head, UM, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Estelle JALIGOT > CIRAD Correspondent
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; University of Montpellier (UM), France;
Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 68 > 39 researchers and teacher researchers,
29 technicians and support staff members, including 2 researchers from CIRAD,
and is supervising 12 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Cameroon, Colombia,
France, Peru, Senegal, Vietnam
dP
< 12 >
…and in the following research and training platform in partnership >
Innovation and Varietal Improvement in West Africa (IAVAO).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Genetic Improvement and Adaptation of Mediterranean
and Tropical Plants (UMR AGAP)
http://umr-agap.cirad.fr
UMR
The capacity to produce improved planting material suited to different and changing
growing conditions is an absolute priority in order to reduce the environmental impact
of farming systems and boost their sustainability.
To create new breeding methodologies and innovative planting material, UMR AGAP is
working to understand the factors behind plant development and their adaptation to
environmental constraints, analysing the organization and diversity of genomes, and
studying agro-biodiversity. It combines the biological sciences and social sciences in order
to broaden the range of disciplines called upon and gain a clearer understanding of how
crops are domesticated. Genomics, bio-informatics, ecophysiology and mathematical
modelling are used to study the relations between genetic diversity, agronomic performance and response to breeding.
The unit works on some twenty tropical and Mediterranean species, covering a very wide
range of biological characteristics and types of use by farmers: rice, durum wheat, sorghum, sugarcane, banana, coconut, oil palm, yam, coffee, rubber, cocoa, cotton, apple,
grapevine, olive, forest and fodder species, eucalyptus, etc.
Patrice THIS > Head, Montpellier SupAgro, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Emmanuel GUIDERDONI > Deputy Head, CIRAD
[email protected]
Marc SEGUIN > Deputy Head, CIRAD
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Institut national de la recherche agronomique
(INRA), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 390 > 370 researchers and technicians
and 20 administrative staff members, including 225 people from CIRAD >
210 researchers and technicians and 15 administrative staff members,
and is supervising 80 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Brazil, Burkina Faso,
Cameroon, Colombia, Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, France (French
Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Metropolitan France, New Caledonia, Réunion),
Madagascar, Philippines, Senegal, Trinidad and Tobago, USA, Vanuatu
dP
… and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >
International Consortium for Advanced Biology in Brazil (CIBA); Sustainable
Production of Industrial Crops in Congo (CRDPI); Forests and Biodiversity in
Madagascar (F&B); Innovation and Varietal Improvement in West Africa (IAVAO).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 13 >
Host-Vector-Parasite Interactions in Neglected tropical
Diseases due to Trypanosomatids (UMR InterTryp)
http://umr-intertryp.cirad.fr
UMR
Neglected tropical diseases caused by trypanosomatids (animal and human trypanosomiases and leishmaniases) are still a major problem in tropical and Mediterranean regions.
The complexity of the pathogen systems and the increasing instability of their environment
are affecting their evolution. Eliminating these diseases therefore means knowing more
about parasite-vector-host interactions and climate, environmental and socioeconomic
factors.
UMR InterTryp has adopted a One Health approach, as part of a global drive to eradicate
these neglected tropical diseases. It conducts research on various levels (gene, molecule,
individual, territory, country, region), with a view to understanding the pathogen system
better and assessing the risks. It is also working on longer-term studies of the mechanisms
by which parasites, vectors and symbionts, and host mammals (man and animals)
co-evolve as a result of global change.
It proposes prevention and control methods suited to the constraints found in developing
countries surveillance tools tailored to the context, new therapeutic molecules, vector
control and vaccine development.
Philippe SOLANO > Head, IRD, Montpellier France
[email protected]
David BERTHIER > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Montpellier France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD),
France; University of Lyon 1, France; University of Bordeaux 2, France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a permanent staff of 40 > 38 researchers, engineers
and technicians and 2 administrative staff members, including 11 people from
CIRAD > 10 researchers and 1 administrative staff member, and is supervising
10 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > France, Mozambique,
Thailand
dP
< 14 >
…and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >
Management of Emerging Risks in Southeast Asia (GREASE);
Production and Conservation in Partnership in Southern Africa (RP-PCP)
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Laboratory of Tropical and Mediterranean Symbioses
(UMR LSTM)
http://umr-lstm.cirad.fr
UMR
The microorganisms, nitrogen-fixing bacteria and mycorrhizal fungi that live in symbiosis with plant species play a vital role in increasing and sustaining agricultural and forest
production, and also in regenerating tropical and Mediterranean environments. They
enable the adoption of strategies aimed at sustainable development and at rehabilitating
degraded and threatened ecosystems.
The unit’s scientific objectives are to characterize, analyse and exploit the range of symbiotic and rhizospheric associations within plant-microorganism relations. On a fundamental level and in terms of training, this means characterizing the molecular mechanisms
involved in how these associations function and evolve.
The unit’s work serves to promote symbiotic microorganisms (edible mushrooms, bacteria/fungi) suited to soil conditions that do not favour the development of a plant cover,
and to identify ecological strategies that use symbioses to boost the productivity and
stability of agro-ecosystems.
Robin DUPONNOIS > Head, IRD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Yves PRIN > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Marc LEPETIT > Deputy Head, INRA, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France; Institut national
de la recherche agronomique (INRA), France; University of Montpellier (UM), France;
Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 41 > 40 researchers and technicians
and 1 administrative staff member, including 8 people from CIRAD > 7 researchers
and 1 administrative staff member, and is supervising 18 PhD students.
UMR LSTM is based in France.
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 15 >
Pests and Diseases: Risk Analysis and Control
(UR Bioagresseurs)
http://ur-bioagresseurs.cirad.fr/
UR
Pests and diseases hamper crop productivity, compromise their sustainability, and affect
product quality. They are a particular concern for tropical farming systems.
The unit is working to understand the mechanisms by which pests and diseases invade
crops and develop. The aim is to improve risk management, damage forecasts and decision support as regards the steps to be taken. The control strategies proposed take
account of the socioeconomic, ethical and/or political contexts, and of the interests of
the various stakeholders. Moreover, every effort is made to minimize environmental
impact, so as to preserve human and animal health and enable beneficials to play their
regulatory role to the full.
The unit focuses particularly on heterogeneous systems such as agroforestry systems,
and on the effects of that heterogeneity, which is fundamentally linked to the associated
plant biodiversity, on pest populations.
Christian CILAS > Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 19 > 18 researchers and technicians and 1
administrative staff member, and is supervising 6 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Australia, Brazil, Burkina
Faso, France, Malaysia, Morocco, Thailand
dP
< 16 >
…and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >
Agroforestry Systems in Latin America (PCP AFS-PC);
Agroforestry Systems in Africa (Agroforesterie Cameroun).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Plant Communities and Biological Invaders
in Tropical Environments (UMR PVBMT)
http://umr-pvbmt.cirad.fr
UMR
UMR PVBMT develops innovative control methods against pests, diseases and weeds in
agrosystems, but also new ways of conserving indigenous forest environments.
It is based at the Plant Protection Pole (3P) laboratories in Saint-Pierre, Réunion.
The UMR aims to improve crop protection and preservation of natural ecosystems by
studying plant epidemiology (epidemiosurveillance and adaptation of phytopathogenic
microorganisms), insect population dynamics and trophic interactions, the genetics and
characterization of plant resistance to pests and diseases, and the endemism and invasion
of natural terrestrial ecosystems in island environments.
Bernard REYNAUD > Head, CIRAD, Saint-Pierre, Réunion, France
[email protected]
Stéphane POUSSIER > Deputy Head, University of Réunion,
Saint-Pierre, Réunion, France
[email protected]
Samuel NIBOUCHE > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Saint-Pierre, Réunion, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; University of Réunion, France
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 83 > 78 researchers and technicians and
5 administrative staff members, including 62 people from CIRAD > 58 researchers and
technicians and 4 administrative staff members, and is supervising 17 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following country > France (Réunion).
The UMR is based in Réunion, and contributes to the Regional Platform for
Agricultural Research for Development in the Indian Ocean (PreRAD).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 17 >
Plant-Microorganism-Environment Interactions
(UMR IPME)
www.umr-ipme.ird.fr
UMR
Plant health and its impact on agriculture in the South form the heart of the research
conducted by UMR IPME. Sustainable development strategies applied to crop protection
and improvement rely on sound knowledge of the mechanisms of interactions (pathogens
and beneficials), the ability of parasites to overcome resistance, and the effect of the
environment on the interactions between plants and associated organisms.
The UMR aims to control crop diseases by studying the genetic diversity of the microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, nematodes) associated with plants and the mechanisms
brought into play when infecting and colonizing plants, and pinpointing how plants
respond to stress, taking account of factors linked to environment. The aim is to assist
varietal creation by transferring genes of agronomic interest, hence ensuring better
managed, more sustainable cropping systems.
Valérie VERDIER > Head, IRD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Benoît BERTRAND > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Eric LACOMBE > Deputy Head, UM, Montpellier France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; University of Montpellier (UM), France; Institut de
recherche pour le développement (IRD), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 48 > 44 researchers and technicians and
4 administrative staff members, including 10 people from CIRAD > 9 researchers and
1 administrative staff member, and is supervising 14 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Costa Rica, France, Mexico
dP
< 18 >
…and in the following research and training platform in partnership > Agroforestry
Systems in Latin America (PCP AFS-PC).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
PERSONAL NOTES
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 19 >
Performance of Tropical
Production and Processing
Systems (PERSYST)
The Performance of Tropical Production and Processing Systems
Department works on tropical production chains (family farming and
cash-oriented products), on a plot,
farm and small-scale processing firm
scale. It works in partnership with
local research players in Africa, Asia,
Latin America and the French overseas regions.
S. Fréguin © CIRAD
Its research encompasses the fields
of agro-ecology and ecological
intensification, soil and environmental ecology, and the sustainability of
food and non-food processing systems. More precisely, its units study
the biological regulatory processes
within production systems, resource
use efficiency (energy, water, inputs,
etc) and the performance of production and processing systems, using
multi-criteria approaches. Using the
knowledge generated, they work
with producers and development
players to design innovative, sustainable production and food and nonfood processing systems.
< 20 >
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Performance of Tropical
Production and Processing
Systems (PERSYST)
François-Xavier CÔTE, Director
Hervé SAINT MACARY, Deputy Director
[email protected]
Montpellier, France
Nadine ZAKHIA-ROZIS, Associate Director
> A gro-ecological Functioning and Performances of Horticultural Systems
(UR HortSys) - PAGE 22
> A gro-ecology and Sustainable Intensification of Annual Crops
(UR AIDA) - PAGE 23
> A gropolymer Engineering and Emerging Technologies
(UMR IATE) - PAGE 24
> B iomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts (UR BioWooEB) - PAGE 25
> E cological Functioning and Sustainable Management of Banana
and Pineapple Cropping Systems (UR GECO) - PAGE 26
> F unctional Ecology and Bio-geochemistry of Soils and Agro-ecosystems
(UMR Eco&Sols) - PAGE 27
> Integrated Approach to Food Quality (UMR QUALISUD)
- PAGE 28
>M
ontpellier Institute of Evolutionary Sciences (UMR ISEM) - PAGE 29
> P erformance of Tree Crop-Based Systems (UR) - PAGE 30
> R ecycling and Risk (UR) - PAGE 31
> T ropical and Mediterranean Cropping System Functioning
and Management (UMR SYSTEM) - PAGE 32
>W
ater, Soil and Plant Analyses (Service Unit) - PAGE 33
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 21 >
Agro-ecological Functioning and Performances
of Horticultural Systems (UR HortSys)
UR
http://ur-hortsys.cirad.fr/
Horticulture is seen as an essential factor in food security and safety and health worldwide.
Horticultural systems are also a major source of income and jobs for the poorest populations in tropical areas. In this context, is it possible to ensure high, sustainable production of safe, quality fruit and vegetables? The aim of UR HortSys is to establish the
principles of agro-ecology of tropical horticultural systems with a view to developing
sustainable cropping systems, in partnership with local players.
Its research centres on the agro-ecology of horticultural systems and on supporting their
ecological intensification. It aims to build:
– our knowledge of the most promising agro-ecological processes (in particular soil
remediation, push-pull mechanisms, physical barriers and the physiological functioning
of plants and food webs within agro-ecosystems);
– a global participatory approach: eco-design, on various levels (cropping systems,
production systems, territories and supply chains), which means conducting multi-criteria and multi-scale assessments, notably within the framework of life cycle assessments
(LCAs).
Eric MALÉZIEUX > Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Henri VANNIÈRE > Deputy Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
As of 2015, the UR has a staff of 58 > 54 researchers and technicians
and 4 administrative staff members, and is supervising 7 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Benin, Kenya, Madagascar,
France (Martinique, Metropolitan France, Réunion), Senegal
dP
< 22 >
…and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >
Agro-ecological Pest Management in West Africa (DIVECOSYS); Forests and
Biodiversity in Madagascar (F&B).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Agro-ecology and Sustainable Intensification
of Annual Crops (UR AIDA)
http://ur-aida.cirad.fr
UR
UR AIDA works on the ecological intensification and agro-ecology of annual crops on
family farms, in the particularly constrained tropical environment in which food security
and adapting systems to climate change are major priorities. Its research aims to ensure
optimum use of the available resources (eco-efficiency), by exploiting the ecological
processes that govern their dynamics within agrosystems.
It calls upon all the techniques and disciplines involved in integrated management of
trophic resources and pests and diseases, including varieties. It has developed a wide
range of assessment methods and tools for various purposes and different stakeholders,
for use on different scales, which make use of modelling or spatial information analysis.
It proposes innovative systems and concrete technical options that are designed and
subsequently adapted jointly with local producers and other players. In this way, it helps
address the challenges posed by the major societal issues and debates relating to food
security, agronomic and environmental balances (carbon, water, minerals), and the interactions between agro-ecosystems and biodiversity or climate change.
Eric Scopel > Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Régis Goebel, Deputy Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
As of 2015, the UR has a staff of 71 > 64 researchers and technicians
and 7 administrative staff members, and is supervising 20 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Belgium, Benin, Brazil,
Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Fiji, France (Guadeloupe, Réunion), Laos,
Madagascar, Mali, Netherlands, Senegal, Tunisia
dP
…and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >Territorial
Development in Amazonia, Agro-silvo-pastoral Systems in West Africa (ASAP);
Conservation Agriculture in Southeast Asia (CANSEA); Agro-ecological Pest
Management in West Africa (DIVECOSYS); Highland Farming Systems and
Sustainability in Madagascar (SPAD).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 23 >
Agropolymer Engineering and Emerging Technologies
(UMR IATE)
http://umr-iate.cirad.fr/
UMR
UMR IATE studies the relations between the processing, structures and functionalties of
plant-based materials with a view to producing food, biomaterials, biomolecules and
bioenergy. Its research is divided between five complementary scientific teams, corresponding to the successive phases of agroresource processing: dissociation of primary
structures (crushing, extraction and separation); agropolymer structuring and powder
reactivity (eg latex); mass transfer and reactions within food packaging systems; microbial
and enzymatic biotechnology of oils and fats and agropolymers; and knowledge engineering.
Within the UMR, the CIRAD team works specifically on Hevea (natural rubber) and the oils
and fats obtained from plant agro-resources. On Hevea in particular, it is focusing on the
characterization of natural rubber quality after tapping in order to predict end product
uses, in partnership with smallholders, manufacturers and research organizations in
Thailand. Optimizing oil and fat use means identifying and implementing promising new
enzymes and molecules produced from biomass. New biorefinery approaches are being
developed, in line with the principles of green chemistry and sustainable manufacturing,
for both food and non-food applications.
Hugo DE VRIES > Head, INRA, Montpellier France
[email protected]
Pierre VILLENEUVE > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Montpellier France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > Centre de coopération internationale en recherche
agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France;
Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), France; University of
Montpellier, France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 80 > 74 researchers and technicians and
6 administrative staff members, including 12 people from CIRAD > 11 researchers and
technicians and 1 administrative staff member, and is supervising 30 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > France, Thailand
dP
< 24 >
…and in the following research and training platform in partnership >
Hevea Research Platform in Partnership (HRPP).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts (UR BioWooEB)
http://ur-biowooeb.cirad.fr/
UR
UR BioWooEB works to address the energy and environmental issues facing southern
countries, such as access to decentralized electricity supplies in rural areas, optimization
of the energy efficiency of cooking on a domestic scale, the development of building
materials capable of resisting tropical and Mediterranean climates, and the development
of carbon materials for effluent treatment.
It is developing the concept of “cascading” uses for biomass. It applies an integrated
approach to the standing biomass-materials-energy continuum, using different types of
raw materials (wood from natural or planted forests or agroforests, crop stems, bamboo,
canes, crop waste, etc). With its partners in the South, it works to build knowledge of and
expertise in coordinating biomass availability and its various uses (materials, energy). It
designs efficient processing techniques suitable for small-scale use in southern countries.
The aim is to optimize the performance of biomass supply chains in tropical and Mediterranean countries, in liaison with the stakeholders concerned, by assessing and managing the compromises to be struck between the different uses and contexts. In this way,
the unit contributes to ensuring the sustainability and efficiency of the ligno-cellulose
resources generated by agriculture and forestry.
Rémy MARCHAL > Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Joël BLIN > Deputy Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
As of 2015, the UR has a staff of 36 > 34 researchers and technicians
and 2 administrative staff members, and is supervising 15 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Australia, Brazil, Burkina
Faso, France, Malaysia, Morocco, Thailand
dP
…and in the following research and training platform in partnership > Irrigation
Systems in North Africa (SIRMA).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 25 >
Ecological Functioning and Sustainable Management
of Banana and Pineapple Cropping Systems (UR GECO)
UR
http://ur-geco.cirad.fr
UR GECO conducts functional agro-ecology research and places its expertise at the disposal of the drive to innovate in partnership so as to improve the environmental, economic
and social sustainability of banana and pineapple cropping systems. In the long term, its
research aims to support the agro-ecological transition away from intensive monocultures
(banana, pineapple), and to contribute to the emergence of resilient cropping systems
that perform better in agronomic terms, so as to help ensure food security in southern
countries(plantain bananas).
The unit’s research centres on studies of the spatio-temporal organization of crop diversity, with a view to maximizing ecosystem services (studies of the functional biodiversity
within multi-species systems), the dynamics of pests and diseases and their trophic
networks, the development of functional trait-based approaches for multi-species plant
communities, and the design and multi-criteria assessment of innovative, sustainable
cropping systems.
Its studies are primarily conducted on a plot or infra-plot scale, but also on a catchment
area scale. The unit works in various areas in the South, particularly in the French West
Indies and the Caribbean.
Jean-Michel RISÈDE > Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Philippe TIXIER > Deputy Head, Turrialba, Costa-Rica
[email protected]
Luc DE LAPEYRE DE BELLAIRE > Deputy Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
As of 2015, the UR has a staff of 50 > 48 researchers and technicians
and 2 administrative staff members, and is supervising 5 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Costa Rica, Dominican
Republic, France (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Metropolitan France, Réunion)
dP
< 26 >
…and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >
Agroforestry Systems in Latin America (PCP AFS-PC); Agroforestry Systems in Central
Africa (Agroforesterie Cameroun); Caribbean Research Platform in Partnership.
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Functional Ecology and Bio-geochemistry of Soils
and Agro-ecosystems (UMR Eco&Sols)
UMR
http://www6.montpellier.inra.fr/ecosols
UMR Eco&Sols studies the functioning of soils and low-input tropical and Mediterranean
agro-ecosystems. The aim is to use ecological theories to develop agro-ecological practices dedicated to maintaining and improving the agricultural and environmental functions
of agro-ecosystems.
UMR Eco&Sols aims to describe, understand and predict the processes that control primary
production and regulate carbon and nutrient fluxes. A functional ecology approach is used
to study the role of soil organisms and their interactions within bio-geochemical (C, N, P)
cycles in soils and agro-ecosystems; the main processes that determine how the major
nutrients are captured, used and recycled; and lastly, the potential of these systems to
adapt to climate change and their contribution to mitigating that change. Measurements
of C and nutrient fluxes within highly instrumented reference agro-ecosystems in the
South, experiments in situ and under controlled conditions as well as modelling approaches
are all used to find answers to these questions.
Jean-Luc CHOTTE > Head, IRD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Jean-Paul LACLAU > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Philippe HINSINGER > Deputy Head, INRA, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > Centre de coopération internationale en recherche
agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France;
Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), France; Institut de recherche
pour le développement (IRD), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 71 > 67 researchers and technicians and
4 administrative staff members, including 16 people from CIRAD > 15 researchers and
technicians and 1 administrative staff member, and is supervising 20 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Brazil, Cameroon,
Costa Rica, France, Madagascar, Thailand
dP
…and in the following research and training platforms in partnership > Sustainable
Production of Industrial Plantations in Congo (CRDPI); Hevea Research Platform
in Partnership (HRPP); Agroforestry Systems in Latin America (PCP AFS-PC).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 27 >
Integrated Approach to Food Quality
(UMR QUALISUD)
http://umr-qualisud.cirad.fr
UMR
Urbanization, changing lifestyles, modifications to standards and the intensification of
global trade influence food systems in tropical and Mediterranean regions. Demand for
food is growing rapidly, and consumer expectations are ever-changing. This transition
often brings high-calorie diets that may give rise to health issues.
UMR QUALISUD addresses global food security issues by promoting sustainable food
systems that support the transition to more balanced consumption patterns and consolidate agrifood systems in southern countries.
Along with its partners in the South, the unit takes an integrated approach in its research
on the development and preservation of food products. It conducts studies aimed at
improving and optimizing the efficiency of local food resource processing techniques,
taking account of the various aspects of food quality (sensorial, nutritional, safety and
health benefits) throughout the processing stage. Overall, its approach is geared towards
developing innovations and integrating products into value chains and markets.
Dominique PALLET > Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Sylvie LORTAL > Deputy Head, INRA, Montpellier Rennes ? , France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > Centre de coopération internationale en recherche
agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France;
University of Montpellier, France; University of Avignon and pays du Vaucluse, France;
University of Réunion, France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 109 > 103 researchers and technicians and
6 administrative staff members, including 60 people from CIRAD > 56 researchers and
technicians and 4 administrative staff members, and is supervising 50 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Colombia, Costa Rica,
France (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Metropolitan France, Réunion), Indonesia,
Thailand
dP
< 28 >
…and in the following research and training platforms in partnership > Management
of Emerging Risks in Southeast Asia (GREASE); Hevea Research Platform in Partnership
(HRPP); Agroforestry Systems in Latin America (PCP AFS-PC).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Montpellier Institute of Evolutionary Sciences
(UMR ISEM)
http://www.isem.univ-montp2.fr
UMR
Aquaculture provides half of the fish consumed worldwide, and demand is growing, handin-hand with demands from consumers and society regarding product quality requirements and production ethics. Within the Conservation and Domestication (ConsDom)
Department of UMR ISEM, a team from CIRAD is working to design and foster fish farming systems capable of coping with the food security challenges of the future, in terms of
both quantity and safety, while respecting the environment and the health of human
societies.
Three questions underlie its main research topics:
– How can we optimize the use of fish genetic resources, ensuring their conservation
and limiting their environmental impact?
– How can we develop agro-ecological fish farming?
– How can we develop family fish farming based on local individual initiatives that take
into account the technical, biophysical and human constraints and opportunities?
The unit takes a holistic approach regarding the interactions between multi-trophic fish
farming and the natural, economic and social environments of the territory concerned.
Agnès MIGNOT > Head, University of Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Olivier MIKOLASEK > CIRAD Correspondent
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), France;
University of Montpellier , France; Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD);
Ecole pratique des hautes études (EPHE).
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 160 > 142 researchers and technicians
and 18 administrative staff members, including 13 people from CIRAD >
12 researchers and technicians and 1 administrative staff member,
plus 2 PhD students supervised by CIRAD
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > France, Indonesia,
Madagascar, Malaysia.
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 29 >
Performance of Tree Crop-Based Systems
(UR Systèmes de pérennes)
UR
http://ur-systemes-de-perennes.cirad.fr
Tropical perennial crop development relied for a long time on increasing productivity,
particularly in commercial plantations, but also and above all on extending the areas
planted, primarily low-yielding smallholdings. This type of development is now less attractive, due to a lack of available land and concerns about the need to preserve the
environment.
The Performance of Tree Crop-Based Systems unit is thus working to generate knowledge
and tools that will enable growers to optimize their cropping systems, from an agronomic,
economic and environmental point of view. It compares crop management methods in
order to establish performance indicators and models, assesses the environmental impact
of different systems, determines the agro-economic constraints and recommends crop
management sequences. Its research is currently centring on the agronomic and socioeconomic aspects of how farms operate, and on their environmental impact. The unit is
also working to draft a standard list of the interactions between environmental factors
and productivity, along with agro-environmental performance indicators applicable to
cropping systems.
Eric GOHET > Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Didier SNOECK > Deputy Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
As of 2015, the UR has a staff of 23 > 20 researchers and technicians and
3 administrative staff members, and is supervising 1 PhD student
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > France, Indonesia, Thailand
dP
< 30 >
…and in the following research and training platform in partnership >
Rubber Research Platform in Partnership.
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Recycling and Risk (UR Recyclage et risque)
http://ur-recyclage-risque.cirad.fr
UR
Recycling of organic waste (so-called residual organic products or ROPs) can contribute
to the design of agro-ecological production systems that perform well on both an economic and an environmental level. It also serves to make use of that waste as part of a
circular economy.
Within this context, UR Recyclage et risque studies nutrient and contaminant fluxes on
various interlinked scales (from molecule to territory), so as to assess the agronomic and
environmental impacts of ROP recycling. The aim of its research is to come up with solutions, methods or models so as to recycle waste via agricultural practices whose agro-environmental risks are controlled, making optimum use of the capacity of the soil and plants
to purify that waste and weighing up the complementarities or clashes between various
types of ROP uses on a territory level.
Jean-Marie PAILLAT > Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Emmanuel DOELSCH > Deputy Head, Aix-en-Provence, France
[email protected]
As of 2015, the UR has a staff of 26 > 24 researchers and technicians
and 2 administrative staff members, and is supervising 10 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > France (Réunion), Senegal
dP
…and in the following research and training platform in partnership > Regional
Platform for Agricultural Research for Development in the Indian Ocean (PreRAD).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 31 >
Tropical and Mediterranean Cropping System
Functioning and Management (UMR SYSTEM)
http://umr-system.cirad.fr
UMR
UMR SYSTEM explores the properties of multi-species Mediterranean and tropical cropping systems and the room to manoeuvre allowed by their management as regards the
efficient and sustainable production of food and other ecosystem services.
It studies the way in which species compete for resources. It characterizes the impact of
the spatial structure of these complex systems on the supply of different environmental
services: soil fertility and water management, biodiversity preservation, and regulation
of pathogen, pest and beneficial communities. It also looks at the dynamics of how these
perennial systems are established and evolve, and the impact of plant species diversity
on the stability of their performance in the face of climate change and hazards.
It explores innovative cropping systems based on plant species diversification. These
prototypes undergo multi-criteria assessments based on experiments and/or simulations,
working with the stakeholders concerned. The unit is also developing research on strategies for managing cropping and farming systems in transition in a context of global
hazards and change.
Christian GARY > Head, INRA, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Patrick JAGORET > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > Centre de coopération internationale en recherche
agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France;
Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), France; Institut agronomique
méditerranéen de Montpellier (IAMM), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 33 > 30 researchers and technicians
and 3 administrative staff members, including 9 people from CIRAD > 8 researchers
and 1 administrative staff member, and is supervising 8 PhD students
…with a permanent presence in the following countries > Cameroon, Costa Rica,
France, Morocco, Peru
dP
…and in the following research and training platforms in partnership > Agroforestry
Systems in Latin America (PCP AFS-PC); Agroforestry Systems in Central Africa
(Agroforesterie Cameroun); Irrigation Systems in North Africa (SIRMA).
< 32 >
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Water, Soil and Plant Analyses
http://us-analyses.cirad.fr
US
Managing cultivated areas means knowing about soil fertility, measuring any changes,
and monitoring plant nutrition. Any attempt to improve productivity depends on physicochemical analyses.
The CIRAD physicochemical analysis laboratory, based in Montpellier and Réunion, has
ISO 9001 certification in four key fields: analyses, knowledge transfer, adaptation of
methods, and expertise and advisory services relating to fertilization. In terms of soils, it
specializes in analysing acid, acid sulphate, andic and saline soils, which are characteristic of hot regions. In terms of plants, its main expertise lies in analysing mineral concentrations in certain plant organs, enabling it to make fertilizer recommendations or
establish mineral balances. Its operations also cover environmental issues, particularly
agricultural and agroindustrial organic matter recycling, and tracing waste and pollutants
in the soil.
Daniel BABRE > Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
As of 2015, the US has a staff of 13 > 12 researchers and technicians
and 1 administrative staff member.
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 33 >
Environments and Societies (ES)
The Environments and Societies Department centres its research on the
relations between agriculture, natural resource management and social
dynamics, and the links with public policy.
P. Dugué © CIRAD
Its research covers every level of rural development, from family farms
to global level. It includes studying the processes of innovation and
coordination between players and social groups, and territories, as the
best places for implementing regulation.
< 34 >
Its researchers use surveys, polls and inventories, and specific techniques
to represent and model complex systems. They develop concepts and
tools from various agricultural science disciplines. They address the ways
in which renewable resources—water, forests, rangelands and wildlife—
can be managed collectively, with a view to sustainable production of
goods and services. They also work on the establishment and impact of
public policy, notably in terms of public asset management and market
organization, and on establishing norms and supporting talks between
players in the field of agriculture and the environment.
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Environments and Societies (ES)
Alain BILLAND, Director
Sylvain PERRET, Deputy Director
[email protected]
Montpellier, France
Pascal Bonnet, Associate Director
> A ctors, Resources and Territories in Development
(UMR ART-DEV) - PAGE 36
> Animal and Integrated Risk Management (UR AGIRs) - PAGE 37
> C enter for International Research on Environment and Development
(UMR CIRED) - PAGE 38
> Ecology of Guianan Forests (UMR ECOFOG) - PAGE 39
> Innovation and Development in Agriculture and the Food Sector
(UMR Innovation)- PAGE 40
> L and, Environment, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information
(UMR TETIS) - PAGE 41
>M
anagement of Renewable Resources and Environment
(UR GREEN) - PAGE 42
>M
arkets, Organizations, Institutions and Stakeholders Strategies
(UMR MOISA) - PAGE 43
> Mediterranean and Tropical Livestock Systems (UMR SELMET) - PAGE 44
> T ropical Forest Goods and Ecosystem Services: Facing Global Change
(UR BSEF) - PAGE 45
> Water Resource Management, Actors and Uses (UMR G-EAU) - PAGE 46
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 35 >
Actors, Resources and Territories in Development
(UMR ART-DEV)
http://art-dev.cnrs.fr
UMR
The UMR works on territorial boundary changes, from an economic, political and social
point of view, by linking global and local dynamics. It focuses in particular on how that
process relies on the generation and utilization of both material and immaterial resources
by various stakeholders.
The unit carries out comparative analyses of development pathways in North and South,
in a range of geographical and sectoral contexts (rural and environmental, urban, etc).
In particular, it works on Western, Central and Eastern Europe, but is also open to more
southerly regions: Africa, Middle East, Mediterranean, Latin America, Asia, etc.
Its activity has an impact on social processes through the generation and dissemination
of and through appraisals carried out at the request of international, national and local
public institutions, NGOs and producers.
David GIBAND > Head, University of Perpignan, France
[email protected]
Frédéric LANÇON > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD), France; University of Montpellier, France; University Paul Valéry
of Montpellier (UM), France; Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS INSHS), France; University of Perpignan Via Domitia (UPVD), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 66 > 25 researchers, 33 teacher-researchers
and 8 technicians and administrative staff members, including 28 people from
CIRAD > 26 researchers and 2 administrative staff members, and is supervising
64 PhD students
... with a permanent presence in the following countries > Brazil, Costa Rica, France,
Italy, Madagascar, Morocco, Nicaragua, South Africa, UK
dP
< 36 >
… and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >
Public Policies and Governance in Southern Africa (PP&G); Public Policies and
Rural Development in Latin America (PP-AL).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Animal and Integrated Risk Management (UR AGIRs)
http://ur-agirs.cirad.fr/
UR
Social, societal and climate change favours the emergence and spread of animal and
zoonotic diseases. Wild and domestic animals may fall prey to these diseases and become
a risk for food security and public health. Societies in southern countries are generally
ill-prepared for this. They also have to cope with the persistence of many diseases that
are often overlooked by the authorities, funding agencies, industrialists and the research
sector.
UR AGIRs focuses its research on these diseases that are threatening rural and periurban
communities in southern countries, and on health management within these vulnerable
populations. As part of a holistic approach (One Health, EcoHealth), its work aims to
assess the risks, thanks to its solid bases in the field, and using monitoring, analysis and
modelling methods at the interfaces between wildlife, livestock, environments and human
populations. To prevent and contain the causes and consequences of those risks, the unit is
helping to build and assess innovative surveillance and control methods and mechanisms
that take account of both animal health and public health.
François ROGER > Head, Bangkok, Thailand
[email protected]
Véronique CHEVALIER > Deputy Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
As of 2015, the UR has a staff of 33 > 26 researchers, 4 technicians and
3 administrative staff members, and is supervising 22 PhD students
... with a permanent presence in the following countries > Botswana, Cambodia,
France, Laos, Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa, Thailand, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
dP
… and in the following research and training platforms in partnership > Forests
and Biodiversity in Madagascar (F&B); Management of Emerging Risks in Southeast
Asia (GREASE); One Health Indian Ocean Network (One Health IO); Production and
Conservation in Partnership in Southern Africa (RP-PCP).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 37 >
Center for International Research on Environment
and Development (UMR CIRED)
http://www.centre-cired.fr/
UMR
UMR CIRED is primarily interested in the unintentional effects of human activity, resulting
from the interaction between such activity and the natural and manmade environment
The scientific emphasis in this field is currently on climate change issues, in which the
team has built up internationally recognized expertise over the past fifteen years. It is
particularly interested in how to coordinate economic growth and the reduction of the
carbon intensity of economies.
Its research involves a dual approach combining biophysical and economic models, and
coordinating sectorial models with a strong technological component, economic growth
models, biological cycle models, carbon cycle models and climate models. The problems
posed by integrating scale into models have to be overcome, since it is essential to coordinate these models on a local, supraregional and global scale in order to shed light on
how environmental policies are coordinated on these various levels.
Franck LECOCQ > Head, AgroParisTech, Nogent-sur-Marne, France
[email protected]
Catherine BOEMARE > Deputy Head, EHESS, Nogent-sur-Marne, France
[email protected]
Naceur CHAABANE, Secretary General, CNRS
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales
(EHESS), France; Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), France;
Ecole des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC), France; Institut des sciences et industries du vivant
et de l’environnement (AgroParisTech), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 56 > 22 researchers, 1 teacher, 10 holders
of authorizations to supervise research (HDRs), 13 engineers, technicians and
administrative staff members, including 5 people from CIRAD > 4 researchers
and 1 administrative staff member, and is supervising 34 PhD students
... with a permanent presence in the following countries > Burkina Faso, France, India
dP
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… and in the following research and training platform in partnership > Spatial
Information Systems in West Africa (SISTO).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Ecology of Guianan Forests (UMR ECOFOG)
http://www.ecofog.gf/
UMR
The tropical forests of French Guiana cover 8 million hectares. They are ecologically Amazonian, historically French and politically European, and constitute a tropical rainforest,
characterized by considerable biodiversity and relatively uninterrupted, albeit with many
types of localized disruption.
UMR ECOFOG aims to combine various ecology and materials science approaches so as to:
– understand the relations between the biodiversity of managed and non-managed
tropical forest ecosystems and their functioning, as a result of climate and manmade
pressure;
– encourage innovation in terms of forest resource use, given the vast biodiversity available, taking account of the constraints on use imposed by the humid tropical environment.
The UMR has a range of knowledge of tropical forest ecosystems that can be put to various
uses, such as ecosystem management, the role of the tropical rainforest in French Guiana
in the global carbon cycle, and the origin and maintenance of biodiversity in tropical
forests. It is also committed to the sustainable development of the wood production
sector. It establishes carbon balances and proposes simulation tools to support land use
planning policies.
Eric MARCON > Head, AgroParisTech, Kourou, French Guiana, France
[email protected]
Jean-Christophe ROGGY > Deputy Head, INRA, Kourou, French Guiana,
France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Paris Institute of Technology for Life, Food and
Environmental Sciences (AgroParisTech), France; Institut national de la recherche
agronomique (INRA), France; Centre national de la recherche scientifique
(CNRS), France; University of the French West Indies (UA), University of French
Guiana (UG), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 70 > 36 researchers, 24 technicians and
10 administrative staff members, including 14 researchers and technicians
from CIRAD, and is supervising 21 PhD students
... with a permanent presence in the following country > France (French Guiana).
UMR ECOFOG is part of Labex CEBA, a laboratory of excellence working on
biodiversity in the Amazon that associates 11 French research teams.
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
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Innovation and Development in Agriculture and
the Food Sector (UMR Innovation)
http://umr-innovation.cirad.fr/
UMR
The processes through which agriculture adapts are founded on technical and organizational innovations, on both a collective and an individual level. UMR Innovation’s
mandate is to support decision-making on the part of public- and private-sector players
by generating knowledge of innovation and development processes within agricultural
and food systems.
Its research covers the whole of the innovation process, from understanding players’
reasons for innovating to analysing the effects of those innovations on development. It
also works on the methods required to support players who innovate. It works in France
and overseas. The UMR’s interdisciplinary project is a pool of expertise in agricultural
sciences and social sciences (economics, sociology-ethnology, anthropology, geography,
management sciences, and law).
The situations studied relate to several thematic fields: agricultural production systems,
food product markets and access to food, land use planning and urban farming, and R&D
and consultancy organizations. Those topics are addressed on several scales (farm, territory, market, etc), with the emphasis on case studies and comparisons.
Guy FAURE > Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Stéphane DE TOURDONNET > Deputy Head, Montpellier SupAgro,
Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Pascal THINON > Deputy Head, INRA, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France; Institut national
de la recherche agronomique (INRA), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 57 > 54 researchers and technicians and
3 administrative staff members, including 30 people from CIRAD > 27 researchers
and 3 administrative staff members, and is supervising 30 PhD students
... with a permanent presence in the following countries > Argentina, Brazil,
Burkina Faso, Colombia, Costa Rica, France, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mexico, Vietnam
dP
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… and in the following research and training platforms in partnership > Territorial
Development in Amazonia; Agro-silvo-pastoral Systems in West Africa (ASAP);
Markets and Agriculture Linkages for Cities in Asia (MALICA); Agroforestry Systems
in Latin America (PCP AFS-PC); Public Policies and Rural Development in Latin
America (PP-AL).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Land, Environment, Remote Sensing and
Spatial Information (UMR TETIS)
http://tetis.teledetection.fr/
UMR
UMR TETIS is structured around the two scientific dimensions expressed in its name:
thematic (land and the environment) and methodological (remote sensing and spatial
information).
The UMR adopts an integrated approach implementing the spatial information chain,
from spatial data acquisition and processing to spatiotemporal analyses and modelling
of agro-environmental and territorial systems, information system management, and the
conditions for spatial information use by stakeholders.
It applies the chain to various thematic areas linked to land development and sustainable
agro-environmental management: agriculture, environment, territories, resources, health
and natural risks. To this end, it works closely with land managers and stakeholders and
builds partnerships with other scientific teams working in these areas.
A transverse, unifying component of TETIS is “observatories”, a scheme set up to associate stakeholders around an information system to address a territorial issue.
Jean-Philippe TONNEAU > Head, CIRAD, Montpellier France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Institut national de recherche en sciences
et technologies pour l’environnement et l’agriculture (IRSTEA), France;
Institut des sciences et industries du vivant et de l’environnement (AgroParisTech),
France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 86 > 71 researchers and technicians and
15 administrative staff members, including 46 people from CIRAD > 42 researchers
and technicians and 4 administrative staff members, and is supervising
21 PhD students
... with a permanent presence in the following countries > Brazil, Costa Rica,
Madagascar, France (Guadeloupe, Metropolitan France, Réunion), Senegal, USA
dP
… and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >
Territorial Development in Amazonia; Forests and Biodiversity in Madagascar (F&B);
Public Policies and Rural Development in Latin America (PP-AL).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
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Management of Renewable Resources
and Environment (UR GREEN)
UR
http://ur-green.cirad.fr/
Our societies are facing many changes that encompass issues relating to renewable
natural resources. UR GREEN works on the interactions between ecological and social
dynamics, collective decision-making processes, and ways in which “Nature” is appropriated. It builds knowledge, methods and tools for (1) analysing the changes in social-ecological systems (SES), (2) representing the different regulatory systems and how they
interact, and (3) building players’ ability to understand such complex systems, on which
they depend and which they influence.
Some examples of the scientific topics addressed by the unit:
– the exchange and hybridization of local and academic knowledge on SES as a form of
transdisciplinarity;
– the use of participatory modelling (such as MAS and role-playing games) to understand
change;
– the emergence of new governance systems mixing public policies and private management and the analysis of their joint effects on the changes in SES;
– the effects of participatory approaches on the links between science and society.
Aurélie BOTTA > Head, Montpellier, France
aurelie[email protected]
As of 2015, the UR has a staff of 19 > 18 researchers and 1 administrative
staff member, and is supervising 19 PhD students.
... with a permanent presence in the following countries > Brazil, Costa
Rica, France, Italy, Laos, Madagascar, Senegal
dP
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… and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >
Forests, Agriculture and Territorial Development in Amazonia (Amazonie);
Forests and Biodiversity in Madagascar (F&B); Management of Emerging
Risks in Southeast Asia (GREASE); Agroforestry Systems in Latin America
(PCP AFS-PC); Public Policy and Rural Development in Latin America (PPAL); Pastoralism and Drylands in West Africa (PPZS).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Markets, Organizations, Institutions
and Stakeholders Strategies (UMR MOISA)
http://umr-moisa.cirad.fr/
UMR
The UMR comprises around a hundred people working in social sciences (economics,
management/marketing, sociology, and political science). It aims to understand how the
practices of stakeholders in value chains and institutional mechanisms influence food
security and safety, and the sustainability of agriculture and food. It is split between three
teams, with different but complementary disciplinary and thematic orientations. The
REGAAL team (research on consumer, agrifood businesses and supply chain governance)
looks at how consumers and agrifood firms behave (management and marketing). The
COPAAD team (coordination and policies for sustainable agriculture and food) associates
economists, sociologists and political scientists. Lastly, the ASG team (changing farming
systems, household strategies and resource management) focuses on household and farm
microeconomics. The unit organizes a monthly transverse “food security” seminar that is
open to outside participants.
It primarily works in the Mediterranean region, in Sub-Saharan Africa (particularly Senegal and Burkina Faso), Asia (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Malaysia) and Latin America
(Brazil and Colombia).
Paule MOUSTIER > Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Sandrine COSTA > Deputy Head, INRA, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France; Institut national de la
recherche agronomique (INRA), France; Centre International de Hautes Etudes
Agronomiques Méditerranéennes (CIHEAM), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 65 > 52 researchers and 13 administrative staff
members, including 18 people from CIRAD > 16 researchers and 2 administrative staff
members, and is supervising 38 PhD students
... with a permanent presence in the following countries > Brazil, Burkina Faso,
Colombia, France, Laos, Malaysia
dP
… and in the following research and training platforms in partnership > Markets and
Agriculture Linkages for Cities in Asia (MALICA); Public Policies and Rural
Development in Latin America (PP-AL); Spatial Information Systems in West Africa
(SISTO).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 43 >
Mediterranean and Tropical Livestock Systems
(UMR SELMET)
http://umr-selmet.cirad.fr/
UMR
UMR SELMET works on agro-ecosystems on family ruminant farms in warm regions. Such
systems account for the major share of animal products worldwide, but the extreme
constraints under which they operate are threatening their contribution to food security
and environmental conservation.
In southern countries, 800 million people rely on animals for a living. Livestock systems
provide 1.3 billion people with work. Livestock farming has been hard hit by climate and
socioeconomic change, whose effects are having an impact on animal management and
pressure on resources. Livestock production is also in the hot seat due to its adverse
environmental effects. The challenge livestock systems face is therefore to reduce their
negative effects on the environment while proving their capacity to produce ecosystem
services and support rural development, in both economic and social terms.
The UMR has set out to analyse the capacity of such systems to adapt and their efficiency
and to foster innovation so as to help support change and promote more productive,
environmentally friendly livestock systems.
Alexandre ICKOWICZ >Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Charles-Henri MOULIN > Deputy Head, Montpellier SupAgro, Montpellier,
France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development(CIRAD), France; Montpellier SupAgro, France; Institut national de la
recherche agronomique (INRA), France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 63 > 59 researchers and technicians and
4 administrative staff members, including 32 people from CIRAD > 28 researchers
and 4 administrative staff members, and is supervising 21 PhD students
... with a permanent presence in the following countries > Brazil, Burkina Faso,
Egypt, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, France (metropolitan France, Mayotte, Réunion),
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Vietnam
dP
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… and in the following research and training platforms in partnership > Territorial
Development in Amazonia; Agro-silvo-pastoral Systems in West Africa (ASAP);
Markets and Agriculture Linkages for Cities in Asia (MALICA); Pastoralism and
Drylands in West Africa (PPZS); Spatial Information Systems in West Africa (SISTO);
Highland Farming Systems and Sustainability in Madagascar (SPAD).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Tropical Forest Goods and Ecosystem Services:
Facing Global Change (UR BSEF)
http://ur-bsef.cirad.fr/
UR
The emergence of global natural resource management instruments will be a determining factor in the future of tropical forests: ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation
and management, biomass use for energy production, and will also increase demand for
land. By generating new activities, such instruments can improve the capacity of rural
societies to adapt. However, they can also reduce that capacity, notably by restricting
access to natural resources.
UR BSEF’s main goal is to “help assess, define and implement policies, instruments and
practices that:
– facilitate the adaptation of ecological and social systems to the constraints and opportunities resulting from global change,
– boost the sustainability of the services provided by tropical forests for the benefit of
societies, on a local and global scale”.
BSEF’s research focuses on the following three main points of interest:
– natural or planted tropical and subtropical forests;
– the societies that make a living from and depend directly on forests, and transform
them;
– the public policies and instruments that apply to forests.
Plinio SIST > Head, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
As of 2015, the UR has a staff of 41 > 37 researchers and technicians and
4 administrative staff members, and is supervising 17 PhD students
... with a permanent presence in the following countries > Burkina Faso,
Cameroon, Colombia, Costa Rica, Central African Republic, France, Indonesia, Peru,
Republic of Congo
dP
… and in the following research and training platforms in partnership >
Agro-silvo-pastoral Systems in West Africa (ASAP); Forests of Central Africa (DPFAC);
Forests and Biodiversity in Madagascar (F&B); Agroforestry Systems in Africa
(Agroforesterie Cameroun); Forests, Agriculture and Territorial Development
in Amazonia (Amazonie); Public Policies and Rural Development in Latin America
(PP-AL).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 45 >
Water Resource Management, Actors and Uses
(UMR G-EAU)
http://www.g-eau.net/
UMR
Water is a crucial natural resource that is central to the functioning of natural and cultivated ecosystems and has prompted a range of installations, uses and organizational
methods that vary from place to place. Given the current climatic uncertainty and changing public policies, competition for water resources is now a priority for research.
UMR G-EAU’s work aims to provide a clearer understanding of water management systems
and the social dynamics at play, propose water management methods and tools on various scales (catchment area, irrigation scheme, farm, plot), and design irrigated cropping
systems that are less susceptible to hazards, hence reducing the environmental risks and
optimizing water use. The objective is also to ensure more coordinated land planning and
water management policies in the face of a multiplicity of demands and players. The
solutions proposed have to be socially and economically acceptable to farmers, and respond to the more general question of territorial resilience.
Olivier BARRETEAU > Head, IRSTEA, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Stefano FAROLFI > Deputy Head, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[email protected]
Backstop organizations > French Agricultural Research Centre for International
Development (CIRAD), France; Institut national de recherche en sciences et
technologies pour l’environnement et l’agriculture (IRSTEA), France; Institut des
sciences et industries du vivant et de l’environnement (AgroParisTech), France;
Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), France; Montpellier SupAgro,
France.
As of 2015, the UMR has a staff of 47 researchers (18 with HDRs), 27 engineers
and technicians and 5 administrative staff members, including 21 people
from CIRAD > 19 researchers (3 with HDRs) and 2 others, and is supervising
47 PhD students
... with a permanent presence in the following countries > France, Morocco,
Mozambique, Senegal, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia
dP
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… and in the following research and training platforms in partnership > Conservation
Agriculture in Southeast Asia (CANSEA); Public Policies and Governance in Southern
Africa (PP&G); Irrigation Systems in North Africa (SIRMA).
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
Index of the 34 Research Units
in alphabetical order
Internal research unit (UR) / Joint research unit (UMR) / Service unit (US)
Actors, Resources and Territories in Development (UMR ART-DEV)..............................36
Agro-ecological Functioning and Performances of Horticultural Systems
(UR HortSys)...................................................................................................................................22
Agro-ecology and Sustainable Intensification of Annual Crops (UR AIDA)...................23
Agropolymer Engineering and Emerging Technologies (UMR IATE)............................... 24
Animal and Integrated Risk Management (UR AGIRs).........................................................37
Biology and Genetics of Plant-Pathogen Interactions (UMR BGPI)...................................8
Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts (UR BioWooEB).........................................................25
Botany and Computational Plant Architecture (UMR AMAP).............................................9
Center for International Research on Environment and Development
(UMR CIRED)....................................................................................................................................38
Centre for Biology and Management of Populations (UMR CBGP)...................................10
Control of Emerging and Exotic Animal Diseases (UMR CMAEE)......................................11
Crop Diversity, Adaptation and Development (UMR DIADE).............................................12
Ecological Functioning and Sustainable Management of Banana
and Pineapple Cropping Systems (UR GECO)......................................................................... 26
Ecology of Guianan Forests (UMR ECOFOG )..........................................................................39
Functional Ecology & Bio-geochemistry of Soils & Agro-ecosystems
(UMR Eco&Sols)..............................................................................................................................27
Genetic Improvement and Adaptation of Mediterranean
and Tropical Plants (UMR AGAP)...............................................................................................13
Host-Vector-Parasite-Environment Interactions in Neglected Tropical Diseases
due to Trypanosomatids (UMR InterTryp)...............................................................................14
Innovation and Development in Agriculture and the Food Sector
(UMR Innovation)......................................................................................................................... 40
Integrated Approach to Food Quality (UMR QUALISUD)................................................... 28
Laboratory of Tropical and Mediterranean Symbioses (UMR LSTM)..............................15
Land, Environment, Remote Sensing and Spatial Infomation (UMR TETIS)...................41
Management of Renewable Resources and Environment (UR GREEN)........................... 42
Markets, Organizations, Institutions and Stakeholders Strategies (UMR MOISA)......43
Mediterranean and Tropical Livestock Systems (UMR SELMET)..................................... 44
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units
< 47 >
Montpellier Institute of Evolutionary Sciences (UMR ISEM)............................................ 29
Performance of Tree Crop-Based Systems (UR)....................................................................30
Pests and Diseases: Risk Analysis and Control (UR).............................................................16
Plant Communities and Biological Invaders in Tropical Environments
(UMR PVBMT).................................................................................................................................17
Plant-Microorganism-Environment Interactions (UMR IPME).........................................18
Recycling and Risk (UR)................................................................................................................ 31
Tropical and Mediterranean Cropping System Functioning and Management
(UMR SYSTEM)...............................................................................................................................32
Tropical Forest Goods and Ecosystem Services: Facing Global Change
(UR BSEF)........................................................................................................................................ 45
Water Resource Management, Actors and Uses (UMR G-EAU)....................................... 46
Water, Soil and Plant Analysis (US)........................................................................................... 33
This directory was produced by the CIRAD Communication Service,
with the support of the Office of the Director General in charge of Research
and Strategy, the Human Resources Service and the three scientific departments.
© December 2015
< 48 >
Directory of the 34 CIRAD research units