The Ultimate French “Cheat Sheet”

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The Ultimate French “Cheat Sheet”
The Ultimate French “Cheat Sheet”
Je
Tu
Il
Elle
Nous
Vous
Ils
Elles
Qui
On
Pronouns
I
You (singular)
He
She
We
You (plural)
They (masc.)
They (fem.)
Who
We (informal)
Masc.
Mon
Ton
Son
Notre
Votre
Leur
Possessive Pronouns
Fem.
Plural
Ma
Mes
My
Ta
Tes
Your
Sa
Ses
His/Hers/Its
Notre Nos
Our/Ours
Votre
Vos
Your/Yours
Leur
Leurs
Theirs
Être - To Be
Je suis – I am
Tu es – You are (singular)
Il est – He is/It is
Elle est – She is/It is
Nous sommes – We are
Vous êtes –You are (plural)
Ils sont – They are
Elles sont – They are
Qui est – Who is
On est – We are
Avoir – to Have
J’ai – I have
Tu as – You have (singular)
Il a – He has/It has
Elle a – She has/It has
Nous avons – We have
Vous avez – You have
Ils ont –They have
Elles ont –They have
Qui a – Who has
On a – We have
Aller – To Go
Je vais – I’m going/I go
Tu vas – You’re going/you go
Il va- He’s going/He goes/It goes
Elle va – She’s going, she goes
Nous allons – We’re going, we go
Vous allez- You’re going/you go
Ils vont- They’re going/they go
Elles vont- They’re going/they go
Qui va – Who’s going/who goes
On va – We’re going/we go
Faire – To Do or To Make
Je fais – I do/I make
Tu fais – You do/You make
Il fait – He does/He makes/It does
Elle fait – She does/she makes
Nous faisons – We do/We make
Vous faites – You do/ You make
Ils font – They do/They make
Elles font – They do/They make
Qui fait – Who does/Who makes
On fait – We do/We make
Le Futur Proche
(the near future)
Le Passé Composé
(the past tense)
For regular verbs, use “Avoir” + past
participle
Eg.
J’ai parlé
Tu as vendu
Il a fini
Use “Aller” + infinitive
Je vais parler – I am going to talk
Tu vas parler – You’re going to talk
Il va parler – He is going to talk
Elle va parler – She is going to talk
Nous allons parler – We are going
to talk
Vous allez parler – You are going
to talk
Ils vont parler – They are going to
talk
Elles vont parler – They are going
to talk
Qui va parler – Who is going to talk
On va parler – We are going to talk
“ER” Verbs
- take off the “ER” and add the endings as follows:
Endings
Je – E
Tu – ES
Il – E
Elle – E
Nous – ONS
Vous – EZ
Ils – ENT
Elles – ENT
Qui – E
On - E
é
u
I
eu
été
J’ai parlé
J’ai vendu
J’ai fini
J’ai eu
J’ai été
For “Dr. and Mrs. Vandertramp” verbs,
use “Etre” and the past participle
Eg.
Je suis sorti
Tu as descendu
Devenir
Revernir
Monter
Rester
Sortir
Venir
Aller
Naître
Descendre
Entrer
Rentrer
Tomber
Retourner
Arriver
Mourir
Partir
Examples
Regarder – to look
Parler – to talk
Écouter – to listen
Marcher – to walk
Penser – to think
Tomber – to fall
Danser – to dance
Chanter – to sing
Jouer – to play
Rester – to stay
“RE” Verbs
- take off the “RE” and add the endings as follows:
Endings
Eg. Vendre
Examples
Je – S
Tu – S
Il – nothing
Elle – nothing
Nous – ONS
Vous – EZ
Ils – ENT
Elles – ENT
Qui – nothing
On - nothing
Je vends
Tu vends
Il vend
Elle vend
Nous vendons
Vous vendez
Ils vendent
Elles vendent
Qui vend
On vend
Répondre – to
answer
Perdre – to lose
Vendre – to sell
Attendre – to wait
Descendre – to
descend
“IR” Verbs
- take off the “IR” and add the endings as follows:
Endings
ER verbs
RE verbs
IR verbs
Avoir
Etre
Eg. Regarder
Je regarde
Tu regardes
Il regarde
Elle regarde
Nous regardons
Vous regardez
Ils regardent
Elles regardent
Qui regarde
On regarde
Je – IS
Tu – IS
Il – IT
Elle – IT
Nous – ISSONS
Vous – ISSEZ
Ils – ISSENT
Elles – ISSENT
Qui – IT
On - IT
Eg. Finir
Je finis
Tu finis
Il finit
Elle finit
Nous finissons
Vous finissez
Ils finissent
Elles finissent
Qui finit
On finit
Examples
Finir – to finish
Choisir – to choose
Bâtir – to build
NOTE:
partir and venir do
NOT follow this
pattern