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PDF présentation (en anglais) Téléchargement
12th February, 2014
Biogas in France and Germany
Current status
and development outlooks in France
Eric Vincent, Member of the Board, France Biomasse Energie
Intervention FBE au Séminaire de l’Office franco-allemand
pour les énergies renouvelables
1
Content
1. Presentation of the Syndicat des Energies Renouvelables and
France Biomasse Energie
2. Biogas in France : current status and outlooks
2
1. Presentation of the Syndicat des Energies
Renouvelables (SER)
3
• A professional organization gathering 400 members, from large
corporates to SMEs in 10 renewable energy sectors
Windpower, bioenergy (wood-energy, biogas, biofuels), solar PV,
thermal solar, concentrated solar power, hydro electricity,
renewable marine energy, geothermal).
• All along the value chain : equipments manufacturers, project
developers installers, EPC, O&M, developers, engineering firms,
clusters, development agencies, lawyers, banks, insurance
companies,…
• 20 permanent staff
• Our missions : represent the profession’s interests and promote
RES sectors to institutional actors
4
Permanent staff
5
Internal SER Commissions organization chart
Biomass, 3 commissions
Management Board
Chairman : Jean-Louis BAL
Délégué général : Damien MATHON
+ working groups
depending on the
course of events
Commission
Chauffage au bois
domestique
Commission
Biomasse/biogaz
(FBE)
Président
Olivier GRELIER
(SUPRA)
Responsable SER
Nicolas
AUDIGANE
Président
Cyril LE PICARD
(UCFF)
Responsable SER
Sabrina FUSELIEZ
Commission
Energies Marines
Commission Solaire
thermodynamique
Commission
Régions UltraMarines
Pôle Système
électrique - stockage
Pôle
Communication
Président
Jacques JAMART
(ALSTOM)
Responsable SER
Antoine DÉCOUT
Président
Roger PUJOL
(CNIM)
Responsable SER
Antoine DÉCOUT
Président
Jérôme BILLEREY
(Quadran)
Responsable SER
Romain POUBEAU
Président
Jean-Louis BAL
Responsable SER
Alexandre
COURCAMBECK
Président
Jean-Louis BAL
Responsable SER
Françoise JOUET
et Damien
MATHON
Commission
Valorisation
énergétique des
déchets ménagers
Commission solaire
photovoltaïque
(SOLER)
Président
En cours de
désignation
Responsable SER
Sabrina FUSELIEZ
Président
Arnaud MINE
(Urbasolar)
Responsable SER
Romain POUBEAU
Commission
Eolienne
Commission
Hydroélectricité
Président
Jean-Baptiste
SÉJOURNÉ
(GDF SUEZ)
Responsable SER
Marion LETTRY
Président
Jean-Charles
GALLAND (EDF)
Responsable SER
Antoine DÉCOUT
6
Bioenergy sector organization chart
Management Board
Chairman : Jean-Louis BAL
Director: Damien MATHON
Head of bioenergy department : Sabrina FUSELIEZ
Commission Valorisation
énergétique des déchets ménagers
Président : En cours de désignation
Commission France Biomasse Energie
(FBE)
Président : Cyril LE PICARD
Vice-présidents : Pierre DE MONTLIVAULT
/ Marc LAUR, Sébastien COUZY, JeanHenri CULERIER
Commission Chauffage au bois
domestique
Président : Olivier GRELIER
Vice-présidents : Hervé MICONI
Et David VIOLAN
Responsable SER : Sabrina FUSELIEZ
Responsable SER : Sabrina FUSELIEZ
Responsable SER : Nicolas AUDIGANE
Pôle Réseaux électriques Bioénergies
Responsable SER : Alexandre
COURCAMBECK
GT Nomes, DTU, DTA & Atec
Responsables :
Thierry MALLEREAU, Serge
POSTEL et Olivier GRELIER
GT Qualité de l’air &
émissions
Responsable : Serge POSTEL
et Aymeric DE GALEMBERT
GT Qualification de la filière
Responsable :
Thierry MALLEREAU
GT Flamme Verte
Responsable :
David VIOLAN
GT Bâtiment & RT
Responsable :
Olivier GRELIER
GT Granulés de bois
Responsable:
Hervé MICONI
7
FBE activity fields
- Sectors : Wood for energy, solid fuels, biogas, biofuels
- Field: Heat, electricity, fuel
- Industry, collective housing, tertiary (from upstream to downstream)
- FBE’s objectives :
o
Unite the bioenergy actors in order to implement measures aimed at
ensuring an optimal development of the sector and of all companies along
the value chain
o
Remove bottlenecks in order to ensure a sustainable development of he
sector
o
Establish links between the various lines of business among forestry,
agriculture and energy sectors in order to develop dynamic industrial sectors
and to promote the use of biomass for energy
Organization of a yearly symposium : « Colloque national biomasse »
2014 : 1st and 2nd July in Paris (Cœur Défense)
8
2. Biogas market in France
Current status and outlooks
9
The biogas value chain
et
Source : GDF SUEZ
10
Current status
3TWh
4 TWh




Flared gas
NS
France produced 0.45 Mtoe or 7 TWh ie 5% of European biogas (2012)
Only 60% of the biogas is recovered, mainly through heat and electricity generation
578 gas treatment installations (2013) among which 246 produce electricity (1.3 TWh in 2012)
3 injection units operating as of end 2013
Industries
Farms
Centralized
Municipal waste/ organic part
Landfills
Water treatment stations
Breakdown of biogas generation by source in 2010 (Origin : ADEME)
11
A huge potential
 2020 and 2030 outlooks
 In 2020, the French market could reach according to ADEME 12 TWh or 0.75 Mtoe out of which :
- 5 TWh would be transformed into heat/electricity (+20%/2012)
- 1 TWh would remain untransformed (flared gas)
- 6 TWh would be transformed into biomethane and injected on the gas network
 In 2030 the sector could provide as much as 15% of the French gas consumption (ADEME) or 17%
(GrDF)
 France has many reasons to support the take-off of biogas production and transformation.
Biogas :
-
-
provides a baseload power generation which helps mitigating intermittent renewable effect
on networks and strengthening security of supply
contributes to the country’s energy autonomy and to stabilizing the balance of trade
brings outlets and new sources of income to agriculture and to industrial sectors : valuation
of waste (ADEME forecasts 132 million tons of eligible inputs in 2030, mainly from the
agricultural sector), generation of fertilizers
develops local non transferable employment
contributes to the renewable energy generation targets
12
Recent measures in favour of biogas
 Since 2006 the French Government issued a series of measures aimed at supporting the
development of biogas
 Definition of ambitious long term objectives for the sector development in 2020
- Electricity : 625 MWe installed or 4 230 GWh (x 4/ 2009),
- Heat generation : 555 Ktoe (x 7/ 2009)
 Upgrading of feed-in tariffs for biogas-based electricity generation (2006 and 2011)
Creation of a biomethane injection feed-in tariffs, with a gradual extension of eligible installations
(from 2011) and setting-up of market mechanisms (guarantees of origin, offset mechanisms)
 Lightening of project development permission procedures : from 2010, projects with input
injection below 50t/day are subject to the “enregistrement” ICPE procedure (no environmental survey
requested) and not to a full authorization process
 EMAA Plan (2013) calling for the development of 1,000 « on farms » methanisation plants in 2020.
13
A market dynamic is starting
242 cogeneration projects identified by ADEME between 2011 and 2013
11
4
9
19
10
18
6
31
8
14
22
12
6
Nombre d'unités
identifiées
(Tous secteurs)
6
9
5
6
17
15
15
31
5
10
5
Cumulated installed capacity (MW) Cumulated installation number
Source ADEME juillet 2013
But be careful because the way is still long to
achieve all of them and the rest of potential
14
A market dynamic is starting
Biomethane injection is starting taking-off
 3 biomethane injection projects entered in operation in 2013
Lille-Sequedin, grid injection + gas procurement to buses fleet
Forbach-Methavalor, grid injection + bioGNV production
 Chaume-en-Brie, in-farm prject 125 Nm3/h
 11 new projects to start in 2014
 More than 350 projects under study by GrDF
15
The way is still long…
Comparison between targeted (2020) and actual
biogas-based electricty generation (GWh)
Actual electric generation
Target 2020
The 6 TWh target for biomethane injection
in 2020 assumes that in average 30 to 35
projects with an average production
capacity of 20 GWh/y are completed yearly.
Source : Observ’ER 2013 (from SOeS data)
16
…and several improvements are requested by
professionals
 The question of inputs (« intrants ») is key : existing thresholds on several types of waste create a
competition bias with some neighbouring countries and reduce the scope of possible projects
 Need for widening the authorized inputs list and raising thresholds
 Digestates do not currently benefit from a legal normalisation and certification allowing their sale on the
market
 Need to tackle that question in order to improve projects revenues and sustainability assuming that the
impact of spreading on soils is carefully taken into account
 The increase of the average size of the projects linked to the emergence of injection projects, evidences the
complexity of the development process : complexity of the ICPE process, lengthy permitting procedures (> 2
to 3 years) whereas the project developers face an increasing need to gather local actors (farmers, industries,
municipalities,…)
 Need for simplification measures and delays reduction
 SER supports the ongoing “unique authorization” project studied by the Government
17
…and several improvements are requested by
professionals
 Feed-in tariffs are hardly sufficient to ensure project viability and bankability whereas those projects are also
supported by ADEME direct support (« Fonds déchet » )
 Should the ADEME contribution be reduced over the next few years, an increase of feed-in tariffs should be
considered
 Access to financing is difficult as raw material procurement needs to secured over the projects lifetime
 SER works with BPI France in order to improve the financial models of biogas projects
 Carbon tax will affect biogas and biofuels (voted in financial bill for 2014)
 SER thinks it’s a real aberration and mobilize in order to cancel that decision in the future
18
Reasons for hope…
2010
2020
2030
2040..
Progressive
development
Potentiel
technique
Technical potential
20-35
TWh
Hydrogène &
M éthanation
19-33 TWh
M icro-algues
1030-25
TWh
TWh
Long term perspectives
160-280
150 TWh
TWh
100 % decarbonized gas
Gazéification de biomasse
M éthanisation de déchets
210
210 TWh
TWh
•Sources
Méthanisation : étude AFNGV/ADEME
Hydrogène : scénario ADEME / scénario Negawatt
Gazéification/ micro-algues : étude GrDF/MEDDE/MAAF/MEF
400-550
440 TWh
TWh
1
9
19
Thank you for your attention
SER-FBE contact : Sabrina FUSELIEZ, Head of bioenergy department
tel : 01.48.78.56.12 / e-mail : [email protected]
20

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