Technical Guideline for the design, procurement and

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Technical Guideline for the design, procurement and
COMITE TECHNIQUE NATIONAL
DE L’INSPECTION DANS L’INDUSTRIE CHIMIQUE
Technical Guideline
for the design, procurement and construction of
Equipment and piping made of laminated Glass Reinforced
Plastics (GRP)
and reinforced ThermoPlastic Material (TPM + GRP)
(Formerly UIC Safety Book/Specification No. 7)
DT 15 - Revision 1
September 2013
UNION DES INDUSTRIES CHIMIQUES
14, rue de la République
92800 PUTEAUX
CTNIIC
14, rue de la république
92800 PUTEAUX
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NOTICE
This technical document should not be considered exhaustive. Established in good faith, it must be used as a
guide which in each individual case must be completed or adapted and verified.
The Chemical Industry Association (UIC) and the National Technical Committee of Inspection in the Chemical
Industry (CTNIIC) does not endorse responsibility for the manner in which this document will be used.
It reflects the state of scientific and technological knowledge at the time it was written.
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COMITE TECHNIQUE NATIONAL
DE L’INSPECTION DANS L’INDUSTRIE CHIMIQUE
Technical Guideline
for the design, procurement and construction of
Equipment and piping made of laminated Glass Reinforced
Plastics (GRP)
and reinforced ThermoPlastic Material (TPM + GRP)
(Formerly UIC Safety Book/Specification No. 7)
DT 15 - Revision 1
September 2013
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WARNING
The use of thermosetting and ThermoPlastic resins in the Chemical Industry has known for over
twenty years a rapid expansion and this experience precedes much of the publishing of national and
international codes applicable in the design, calculation and construction of reinforced plastics
Equipment.
THE French UNION OF CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES (UIC), dedicated to improving the safety of these
Equipment has published in February 1986, revised in 1988 and 1990, a code of good construction
practices (Formerly UIC Safety Book/Specification No. 7), with the collaboration of representatives
from the following companies:
• ATOCHEM / ORKEM / RHONE-POULENC / SOLVAY & Cie
As well as representatives of the General Union of the reinforced Plastic Industry (SGIPA) and the
following Manufacturers:
• SAPS / MURGUE-SEIGLE / CARLIER / CITP / CORD France / HERMEX / SODIPIA / SOVAP /
S3P
This new 2013 edition, while relying on the most recent codes and standards, is established in good
faith and incorporates experience gained in the last 20 years from the following chemical
companies:
• ARKEMA / VENCOREX / RHODIA / SOLVAY SA / TOTAL.
Different stakeholders (Suppliers, Manufacturers, inspection bodies) also contributed to the
development of this revision.
The recommendations of this guideline are the result of the synthesis of the provisions adopted by
the largest, well established chemical companies. They provide a basis beyond which everyone can
choose. They do not replace national and international regulations, and they intend to fully comply
with.
They should not be used as a single document but as a guide which will, in each case, be
completed by the provisions contained in the Purchaser’s specification.
This text can be updated in the future to reflect changes in technology and technical progress.
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INDEX
Summary ........................................................................................................................................................... 7
1
General ................................................................................................................................................. 9
1.1
Purpose of this Guideline ..................................................................................................................... 9
1.2
Scope .................................................................................................................................................... 9
1.3
Definition ............................................................................................................................................. 12
1.4
Regulations ......................................................................................................................................... 13
1.5
Codes, standards................................................................................................................................ 13
1.6
Selection of a Construction Category ................................................................................................. 13
2
Materials ............................................................................................................................................. 17
2.1
Recommended materials .................................................................................................................... 17
2.1.1 Thermosetting resins used in AC ........................................................................................................ 17
2.1.2 TMP used as AC ................................................................................................................................. 17
2.1.3 Bonding resin for PVC-U and PVC-C AC layer .................................................................................. 17
2.1.4 Resins used in MR layer ..................................................................................................................... 18
2.1.5 Resins used in TC layer ...................................................................................................................... 18
2.1.6 Reinforcing fibers used in laminates ................................................................................................... 18
2.1.7 Recommendations for the material selection...................................................................................... 18
2.2
Documents to be delivered with the materials .................................................................................... 19
2.2.1 Resins and additives ........................................................................................................................... 19
2.2.2 Reinforcing fibers ................................................................................................................................ 19
2.2.3 ThermoPlastics (TPM) ........................................................................................................................ 19
2.3
Materials marking ............................................................................................................................... 19
3
Design ................................................................................................................................................. 20
3.1
General ............................................................................................................................................... 20
3.2
Determination of design conditions .................................................................................................... 20
3.3
Design calculations ............................................................................................................................. 20
3.4
Minimum thickness of the flat bottoms MR layer ................................................................................ 21
3.5
Other design documents .................................................................................................................... 21
4
Manufacturing ..................................................................................................................................... 22
4.1
Solid GRP Equipment ......................................................................................................................... 22
4.1.1 Manufacturing techniques allowed ..................................................................................................... 22
4.1.2 Prohibited techniques ......................................................................................................................... 23
4.1.3 Preparation of the mould .................................................................................................................... 24
4.1.4 Description of the laminate layers ....................................................................................................... 24
4.1.5 Best practices ..................................................................................................................................... 26
4.1.6 Continuity of reinforcement layers ...................................................................................................... 26
4.1.7 Cutting / Grinding ................................................................................................................................ 26
4.1.8 Coupling - junctions ............................................................................................................................ 27
4.1.9 Special parts ....................................................................................................................................... 31
4.1.10 Post curing treatment .......................................................................................................................... 31
4.2
TPMs + GRP....................................................................................................................................... 32
4.2.1 Allowed manufacturing techniques ..................................................................................................... 32
4.2.2 Prohibited Manufacturing techniques ................................................................................................. 32
4.2.3 Fabrication of TPM.............................................................................................................................. 33
4.2.4 Description of the GRP laminate layers .............................................................................................. 37
4.2.5 Best Practices ..................................................................................................................................... 37
4.2.6 Continuity of reinforcement layers ...................................................................................................... 37
4.2.7 Connections - junctions....................................................................................................................... 37
4.2.8 Special parts ....................................................................................................................................... 40
4.3
Construction Recommendations ........................................................................................................ 41
4.3.1 Horizontal tanks .................................................................................................................................. 41
4.3.2 Nozzle reinforcement .......................................................................................................................... 41
4.3.3 Cylindrical pressure tanks – Heads to shells junction ........................................................................ 42
4.3.4 Cylindrical tanks with flat bottom (atmospheric pressure tanks) – Shell to bottom junction ............... 43
4.3.5 Roof to shell junction........................................................................................................................... 43
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4.3.6
Cylindrical tanks with flat bottom (atmospheric pressure tanks) - Concrete foundation type installation
44
4.3.7 Draining – Recommended device ....................................................................................................... 45
4.3.8 Cylindrical tanks with flat bottom (atmospheric pressure tanks) - Other drain device design ............ 45
4.3.9 Flanged connections ........................................................................................................................... 46
4.3.10 Support and anchorage ...................................................................................................................... 47
4.4
Manufacturing documents .................................................................................................................. 47
5
Control – Inspection ............................................................................................................................ 48
5.1
Qualification of Manufacturer .............................................................................................................. 48
5.1.1 Tools and Materials............................................................................................................................. 48
5.1.2 Design and control .............................................................................................................................. 48
5.1.3 Personnel Qualification ....................................................................................................................... 49
5.2
Manufacturing procedures .................................................................................................................. 50
5.2.1 Lamination book .................................................................................................................................. 50
5.2.2 Welding book ...................................................................................................................................... 51
5.2.3 Tests on structures ............................................................................................................................. 51
5.3
Controls of Fabrication........................................................................................................................ 52
5.3.1 Final testing ......................................................................................................................................... 52
5.4
Inspection of Fabrications ................................................................................................................... 57
6
Documentation / Vendor Data Book ................................................................................................... 58
6.1
Design documentation ........................................................................................................................ 58
6.2
Manufacturing documentation ............................................................................................................ 58
6.3
Control/Inspection documentation ...................................................................................................... 58
6.4
Vendor Data Book .............................................................................................................................. 58
7
Transportation, installation, commissioning ........................................................................................ 60
ANNEX I - APPLICABLE CODES AND STANDARDS ................................................................................... 61
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