JFFoS Symposium - FoS

Transcription

JFFoS Symposium - FoS
Centre Pompidou-Metz, 2010 © Shigeru Ban Architects Europe et Jean de Gastines Architectes - Photo Philippe Gisselbrecht
Eighth French-Japanese Frontiers of Science
JFFoS Symposium
January 23-27, 2014
Metz, France
Eighth French-Japanese Frontiers of Science
JFFoS Symposium
January 23-27, 2014 - Metz, France
CONTENTS
CONSORTIUM PRESENTATION............................................................................................. 7
SYMPOSIUM PROGRAM....................................................................................................... 9
LIST OF JAPANESE OFFICIAL DELEGATES.......................................................................... 14
LIST OF FRENCH OFFICIAL DELEGATES............................................................................. 15
LIST OF JAPANESE PARTICIPANTS.................................................................................... 16
LIST OF FRENCH PARTICIPANTS........................................................................................ 18
PHOTOS OF PARTICIPANTS................................................................................................ 20
SESSION ABSTRACTS
Session I: Chemistry.........................................................................................................
MATSUURA Tomoaki
TOYOTA Taro
DANGER Grégoire
Session II: Materials Science ...........................................................................................
DUJARDIN Erik
CORAUX Johann
SHIRAISHI Masashi
Session III: Earth Science/Environment ..........................................................................
KATO Aitaro
GOTO Hiroyuki
SCHUBNEL Alexandre
Session IV: Mathematics/Informatics ..............................................................................
IMOTO Seiya
OHNISHI Toshio
BLUM Michael
Session V: Physics and Astrophysics ...............................................................................
JOSSERAND Christophe
GUERLIN Christine
TAKAHASHI Daisuke
Session VI: Life/Medical Science .....................................................................................
DEROCHE-GAMONET Véronique
MALLET Luc
TAKAHASHI Hidehiko
Session VII: Social Sciences/Humanities .........................................................................
ETCHEGARAY Claire
BACACHE-BEAUVALLET Maya
KURATA Takashi
3
25
31
37
45
51
57
65
CURRICULUM VITAE (alphabetical order) ........................................................... 73
A
ALDAKOV Dmitry.................................................................................................................. 74
AMBROISE Christophe......................................................................................................... 75
APOSTOLUK Alexandra......................................................................................................... 76
ASHIHARA Satoshi............................................................................................................... 78
AUCOUTURIER Jean-Julien.................................................................................................. 79
B
BACACHE-BEAUVALLET Maya.............................................................................................. 80
BAUNEZ Christelle................................................................................................................ 81
BECK Pierre......................................................................................................................... 83
BLUM Michael..................................................................................................................... 85
BURGUET Jasmine............................................................................................................... 86
C
CELZARD Alain..................................................................................................................... 88
CORAUX Johann.................................................................................................................. 89
D
DANGER Grégoire................................................................................................................ 90
DEROCHE-GAMONET Véronique........................................................................................... 91
DUJARDIN Erik..................................................................................................................... 92
DUVERNAY Fabrice............................................................................................................... 93
E
ETCHEGARAY Claire............................................................................................................. 94
F
FAVE Alain............................................................................................................................ 95
FUJI Nobuaki....................................................................................................................... 96
FUJII Jun............................................................................................................................. 97
G
GOTO Hiroyuki..................................................................................................................... 98
GOTO Masataka................................................................................................................... 99
GUERLIN Christine............................................................................................................. 101
H
HENNEBELLE Patrick......................................................................................................... 102
HIRAHARA Toru.................................................................................................................. 103
HIRATA Satoshi.................................................................................................................. 105
HISHIKAWA Akiyoshi.......................................................................................................... 106
HITOSUGI Taro................................................................................................................... 107
HOQUET Thierry................................................................................................................. 108
I
IMOTO Seiya...................................................................................................................... 109
J
JOLY-POTTUZ Lucile.......................................................................................................... 110
JOSSERAND Christophe..................................................................................................... 112
4
K
KATO Aitaro........................................................................................................................ 113
KERENIDIS Iordanis............................................................................................................ 114
KINOSHITA Chika............................................................................................................... 116
KITA Masaki....................................................................................................................... 117
KITABA Ikuko..................................................................................................................... 119
KURATA Takashi................................................................................................................. 121
M
MALLET Luc...................................................................................................................... 122
MASAOKA Shigeyuki.......................................................................................................... 123
MATSUDA Tetsuya.............................................................................................................. 124
MATSUMOTO Mitsuo.......................................................................................................... 125
MATSUURA Tomoaki.......................................................................................................... 126
MIHARA Satoshi................................................................................................................. 127
MURAKAMI Shuichi............................................................................................................ 128
N
NARUSE Makoto................................................................................................................ 129
NIIKURA Hiromichi............................................................................................................. 130
O
OBERTELLI Alexandre........................................................................................................ 131
OHNISHI Toshio.................................................................................................................. 132
OHSUGI Miho..................................................................................................................... 133
OTAKE Tsubasa.................................................................................................................. 134
PéTRéLIS François............................................................................................................. 136
Q
QUERLIOZ Damien............................................................................................................ 137
R
RAPENNE Gwénaël............................................................................................................ 138
RENARD Vincent................................................................................................................ 140
S
SAHRAOUI Halima.............................................................................................................. 141
SANO Mayuko.................................................................................................................... 143
SCHUBNEL Alexandre........................................................................................................ 144
SHIMODAIRA Hidetoshi...................................................................................................... 145
SHIRAISHI Masashi............................................................................................................ 146
T
TAKAHASHI Daisuke........................................................................................................... 147
TAKAHASHI Hidehiko.......................................................................................................... 148
TOGAWA Yoshihiko............................................................................................................. 149
TOURNAT Vincent............................................................................................................... 151
TOYOTA Taro...................................................................................................................... 152
TROLEZ Yann..................................................................................................................... 153
U
UTSUNOMIYA Shoko.......................................................................................................... 155
5
V
VUILLERME Nicolas............................................................................................................ 157
Y
YAMASHITA Katsuyuki........................................................................................................159
YOSHIDA Ryo.....................................................................................................................161
ANNEXES ........................................................................................................................ 163
DISCOVER METZ
ACCESS TO SYMPOSIUM VENUE
6
the french frontiers of science
and engineering consortium
THE FRENCH FRONTIERS OF SCIENCE AND
ENGINEERING CONSORTIUM
Since September 2009, a new organization has been set up to manage and coordinate all the FoS and FoE
programs. A group constituted with the ministries and the major French scientific institutions has created a
consortium
acting as2009,
a steering
committee
and has
created
a set
unitup
devoted
to theand
logistics
of the all
symposia.
There
Since
a
been
coordinate
the
Since September
September 2009,
a new
new organization
organization has
been set
up to
to manage
manage and
coordinate all
the FoS
FoS
areand
two
types
of
partnerships
:
and FoE
FoE programs.
programs. A
A group
group constituted
constituted with
with the
the ministries
ministries and
and the
the major
major French
French scientific
scientific
institutions
institutions has
has created
created a
a consortium
consortium acting
acting as
as a
a steering
steering committee
committee and
and created
created a
a unit
unit devoted
devoted to
to
the
logistics
of
the
symposia.
There
are
two
types
of
partnerships:
the logistics of the symposia. There are two types of partnerships:
The “principal partners” in charge of one or more FoS or FoE programs :
The “principal partners” in charge of one or more FoS or FoE programs:
The “principal
partners” in charge
of one
FoS or FoE programs:
• Ministère
de l’Enseignement
supérieur
et deorlamore
recherche
• Ministère
des Affaires
étrangères
••
Ministère
de
supérieur
Ministère
de l’Enseignement
l’Enseignement
supérieur et
et de
de la
la recherche
recherche
••
Ministère
des
Affaires
étrangères
• Centre
national
de
la
recherche
scientifique
Ministère des Affaires étrangères
••
Centre
de
la
scientifique
Centre
national
dedes
la recherche
recherche
scientifique
• Conférence
desnational
directeurs
écoles françaises
d’ingénieurs
••
Conférence
des
directeurs
des
écoles
Conférence
des directeurs
françaises d’ingénieurs
d’ingénieurs
• Commissariat
à l’énergie
atomique des écoles françaises
••
Commissariat
Commissariat à
à l’énergie
l’énergie atomique
atomique
The “associated partners” in charge of the common expenses to all programs (FoS unit, communication) :
The “associated
“associated partners”
partners” in
in charge
charge of
of the
the common
common expenses
expenses to
to all
all programs
programs (FoS
(FoS unit,
unit,
The
communication):
communication):
• Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale
• Institut national de la recherche en informatique et en automatique
••
••
Institut national
national de
de la
la santé
santé et
et de
de la
la recherche
recherche médicale
médicale
Institut
Institut
national
de
la
recherche
en
informatique
et en
en automatique
automatique
Institut national de la recherche en informatique et
7
7
7
Symposium Program
8 Japanese-French Frontiers of Sciences Symposium
France - January 23 - 27, 2014
th
Thursday, January 23, 2014
05:25 - 10:00
10:30 - 12:00
12:30 - 13:30
14:00
14:00 - 18:30
17:00 - 18:30
18:30 - 19:00
19:00 - 19:30
19:30 - 21:00
Shuttle bus (group 1) between Frankfurt
and Metz
Check in and registration (group 1)
Lunch
Japanese participants
Japanese participants
Japanese participants
French staff
Check in and registration
French participants
Shuttle bus (group 2) between Frankfurt Japanese participants
and Metz
Session coordination meeting
PGM, Chairs, Speakers
and staffs
Check in and registration (group 2)
Japanese participants
Opening ceremony
Emmanuelle PLATZGUMMER
Ministry of foreign affairs
Yoichi NAKATANI
All participants
Director, JSPS Strasbourg Office
Catherine BASTIEN-VENTURA
CNRS
Hidetoshi SHIMODAIRA & Christelle BAUNEZ
Co-Chairs
Welcome dinner
All participants
9
Symposium Program
8 Japanese-French Frontiers of Sciences Symposium
France - January 23 - 27, 2014
th
Friday, January 24, 2014
07:00 - 09:00
Breakfast
Session I Chemistry
Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
1
9:30 - 10:30
PGM: Akiyoshi HISHIKAWA
& Gwénaël RAPENNE
General discussion Session I
10:30 - 11:30
11:45 - 13:00
13:00 - 14:00
14:00 - 15:00
15:00 - 16:00
16:00 - 17:00
17:00 - 18:00
18:00 - 19:00
19:30 - 22:00
Lunch
Session II Materials Science
Graphene, the “miracle material”
PGM: Taro HITOSUGI & Alain FAVE
General discussion Session II
Flash Poster Talks (Session I to VII)
Poster Session I during coffee break
(Session I, II, II)
Session III Earth Science/Environment
Earthquakes and Associated Risks
All participants
Chair (Japan)
Tomoaki MATSUURA
Speaker (France)
Grégoire DANGER
Speaker (Japan)
Taro TOYOTA
All participants
All participants
Chair (France)
Erik DUJARDIN
Speaker (Japan)
Masashi SHIRAISHI
Speaker (France)
Johann CORAUX
All participants
General participants
All participants
Chair (Japan)
Aitaro KATO
Speaker (France)
PGM: Katsuyuki YAMASHITA & Pierre BECK Alexandre SCHUBNEL
Speaker (Japan)
General discussion Session III
Hiroyuki GOTO
All participants
Cocktail and Gala dinner
Philippe LEROY
President, Moselle Developpement
Raymond NEITER
President ISEETECH
All participants
Shigeo KOYASU
JSPS Advisory Board of FoS Symposium
Patrick NEDELLEC
International Relations Office CNRS
Ichiro IKEDA
Scientific counselor Japanese Ambassy - TBC
1. For each session there is a 20 ‘ presentation from the Chair and 2 x 20 ‘ presentations from the Speakers, followed by 1 hour discussion.
10
Symposium Program
8 Japanese-French Frontiers of Sciences Symposium
France - January 23 - 27, 2014
th
Saturday, January 25, 2014
07:00 - 09:00
Breakfast
Session IV Mathematics / Informatics
Bayesian Statistics
9:00 - 10:00
10:00 - 11:00
11:00 -12:30
11:00 - 13:00
12:30 -13:45
14:00 - 16:15
16:30 - 17:00
17:00 - 18:00
18:00 - 19:00
19:00 - 20:00
20:00 - 21:30
PGM: Hidetoshi SHIMODAIRA
& Chistophe AMBROISE
General discussion Session IV
Poster session II during coffee break
(Session IV, V,VI,VII)
PGM Meeting for the 9th JFFoS (Part 1)
Lunch
Cultural Tour and group photo
Visit of the Centre Pompidou - Metz
Coffee break
Session V Physics and Astrophysics
Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
All participants
Chair (Japan)
Seiya IMOTO
Speaker (France)
Michael BLUM
Speaker (Japan)
Toshio OHNISHI
All participants
All participants
PGMs and staffs
All participants
All participants
All participants
Chair (France)
Christophe JOSSERAND
Speaker (Japan)
PGM: Satoshi MIHARA & François PÉTRÉLIS Daisuke TAKAHASHI
Speaker (France)
Christine GUERIN
General discussion Session V
All participants
PGM Meeting for the 9th JFFoS (Part 2)
PGMs and staffs
Dinner
All participants
11
Symposium Program
8 Japanese-French Frontiers of Sciences Symposium
France - January 23 - 27, 2014
th
Sunday, January 26, 2014
07:00 - 08:00
08:00 - 09:00
09:00 - 10:00
10:00 -10:30
10:30 -11:30
11:30 - 12:30
12:30- 13:00
13:00 -14:30
15:00 - 17:00
19:00 - 20:30
20:30
Breakfast2
All participants
Session VI Life / Medical Science
Chair (France)
Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments Véronique DEROCHE-GAMONET
Speaker (Japan)
PGM: Miho OHSUGI & Christelle BAUNEZ
Hidehiko TAKAHASHI
Speaker (France)
General discussion session VI
Luc MALLET
All participants
Coffee Break
All participants
Speaker (France)
Session VII Social Sciences / Humanities
Claire ETCHEGARAY
Happiness
Speaker (Japan)
Takashi KURATA
PGM : Mayuko SANO & Thierry HOQUET
Speaker (France)
Maya BACACHE-BEAUVALLET
General discussion session VII
All participants
Closing session
Marc MELKA
Ministry of research
Yuko FUJIGAKI
JSPS Advisory Board of FoS Symposium
Program
Hidetoshi SHIMODAIRA & Christelle BAUNEZ
Co-Chairs
Farewell Lunch
Visit of Metz or free time
Dinner
All participants
All participants
Japanese Participants
Japanese participants
and French staff
“Checkout” of Japanese Participants (group 1)
Japanese Participants
because of early departure on Monday 27
2. Check out for the French Participants before 12 :00
12
Symposium Program
8 Japanese-French Frontiers of Sciences Symposium
France - January 23 - 27, 2014
th
Monday, January 27, 2014
06:00 - 10:30
07:00 - 09:00
Before 12:00
12:00-14:00
14:30 - 18H00
Shuttle bus (group 1) between Metz and Frankfurt Japanese participants
Breakfast
Japanese participants
and French staff
Checkout” and departure of Japanese
Japanese participants
Participants (group 2)
Free lunch
Japanese participants
Shuttle bus (group 2) between Metz and Frankfurt Japanese participants
13
List of japanese official Delegates
(alphabetical order)
Prof. Yuko FUJIGAKI – JSPS* FoS Symposium Advisory Board
• The University of Tokyo
• Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Akiko FUJITA - JSPS
• Frontiers of Science Symposium,
• Research Cooperation Division, Staff
Shigeo KOYASU - JSPS FoS Symposium Advisory Board
• Group Director
• RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Sciences (IMS)
• Laboratory for Immune Cell System
Yoichi NAKATANI - JSPS Strasbourg Office
• Director
Prof. Masayuki NUMAO - JSPS FoS Symposium Advisory Board
• Osaka University
• The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research
Mai SUGAWA - JSPS
• Frontiers of Science Symposium,
• Research Cooperation Division, Staff
Satoko TADA - JSPS
• Section Chief, Frontiers of Science Symposium,
• Research Cooperation Division
Prof. Tohru YOSHIHISA - JSPS FoS Symposium Advisory Board
• University of Hyogo,
• Graduate School of Life Science
*Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
Frontiers of Science Symposium
Research Cooperation Division
International Program Department,
5-3-1 Kojimachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0083, Japan
TEL: +81-3-3263-1844, 1725 - FAX: +81-3-3234-3700
E-mail: [email protected]
14
List of French official Delegates
(alphabetical order)
Catherine BASTIEN-VENTURA
• CNRS
• Europe of Research and International Cooperation Office
• French Frontiers of Sciences and Engineering Programs, Director
Dominique CHATTON
• Ministry of Higher Education and Research
• European and International Relations and Cooperation Office (DREIC)
• Department of Asian & African Affairs – Program manager in charge of Scientific Affairs
Sylviane MARAIS
• CNRS
• Europe of Research and International Cooperation Office
• French Frontiers of Sciences and Engineering Programs, Assistant
Marc MELKA
• Ministry of Higher Education and Research
• European and International Relations and Cooperation Office (DREIC)
• Department of Asian & African Affairs, Director
Patrick NEDELLEC
• CNRS
• Europe of Research and International Cooperation Office, Director
Emmanuelle PLATZGUMMER
• Ministry of Foreign Affairs
• Research and Scientific exchanges Department
15
LIST OF JAPANESE PARTICIPANTS
(session order)
Session I - Chemistry
PGM Akiyoshi HISHIKAWA
Chair Tomoaki MATSUURA
SP Taro TOYOTA
GP Shigeyuki MASAOKA
GP Satoshi ASHIHARA
Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University
Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University
Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
Institute for Molecular Science
Department of Applied Physics, Tokyo University of Agriculture
and Technology
Session II - Materials Science
PGM Taro HITOSUGI
SP Masashi SHIRAISHI
GP Yoshihiko TOGAWA
GP Shuichi MURAKAMI
GP Toru HIRAHARA
Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University
Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research Center, Research
Institutes for the Twenty First Century, Osaka Prefecture University
Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo
Session III - Earth Science /Environment
PGM Katsuyuki YAMASHITA
Chair Aitaro KATO
SP Hiroyuki GOTO
GP Tsubasa OTAKE
GP Ikuko KITABA
Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama
University
Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo
Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University
Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University
Research Center for Inland Seas, Kobe University
Session IV - Mathematics/Informatics
PGM Hidetoshi SHIMODAIRA
Chair Seiya IMOTO
SP Toshio OHNISHI
GP Masataka GOTO GP Ryo YOSHIDA
Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University
The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo
Faculty of Economics, Kyushu University
Information Technology Research Institute (ITRI), National Institute of
Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)
Department of Statistical Modeling, The Institute of Statistical
Mathematics, Research Organization of Information and Systems
Session V - Physics and Astrophysics
PGM Satoshi MIHARA
Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies, High Energy Accelerator
Research Organization (KEK)
SP Daisuke TAKAHASHI
Division of General Education, Ashikaga Institute of Technology
GP Hiromichi NIIKURA
School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University
GP Makoto NARUSE
Photonic Network Research Institute, National Institute of Information
and Communications Technology
GP Shoko UTSUNOMIYA
Principles of Informatics Research Division, National Institute of
Informatics
16
LIST OF JAPANESE PARTICIPANTS
(session order)
Session VI - Life/Medical Science
PGM
SP
GP
GP
GP
Miho OHSUGI
Hidehiko TAKAHASHI
Tetsuya MATSUDA
Masaki KITA
Satoshi HIRATA
Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University
Brain Science Institute, Tamagawa University
Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Wildlife Research Center, Kyoto University
Session VII - Social Sciences/Humanities
PGM Mayuko SANO
SP Takashi KURATA
GP Mitsuo MATSUMOTO
GP Chika KINOSHITA GP Jun FUJII International Research Center for Japanese Studies,
National Institutes for the Humanities
Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN), National
Institutes for the Humanities
Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University
Graduate School of Humanities, Tokyo Metropolitan University
Faculty of Buddhism, Komazawa University
17
LIST OF french PARTICIPANTS
(session order)
Session I - Chemistry
PGM Gwenael RAPENNE
SP Grégoire DANGER
GP Dmitry ALDAKOV
GP Fabrice DUVERNAY
GP Vincent RENARD
Groupe NanoSciences CEMES UPR 8011 CNRS
Ionic and molecular interactions physics laboratory (P2IM)
UMR CNRS 7345
INAC/SPrAM/LEMOH (UMR-5819) CEA-Grenoble
Physique des interactions ioniques et moléculaires (P2IM)
UMR CNRS 7345
CEA/INAC/SPSMS/Lateqs CEA Grenoble
Session II - Materials Science
PGM Alain FAVE
Chair Erik DUJARDIN
SP Johann CORAUX
GP Alexandra APOSTOLUK
GP Vincent TOURNAT
Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon (INL)
Groupe Nanosciences - PicoLab - Centre d'élaboration de
matériaux et d'études structurales (CEMES) / CNRS UPR 8011
Neel Institute UPR 2940 Hybrid systems at low dimension
Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon (INL)
Laboratoire d'Acoustique de l'Université du Maine (LAUM)
UMR 6613)
Session III - Earth Science /Environment
PGM
SP
GP
GP
GP
Pierre BECK
Alexandre SCHUBNEL
Yann TROLEZ
Alain CELZARD
Nobuaki FUJI
Planetology and Astrophysics Institute (IPAG).
Laboratoire de Géologie - ENS
Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes (ISCR) UMR 6226
Institut Jean Lamour (IJL) UMR 7198
Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
Session IV - Mathematics/Informatics
PGM Christophe AMBROISE
SP Michael BLUM
GP Jasmine BURGUET
GP Iordanis KERENIDIS
GP Damien QUERLIOZ
Laboratoire Statistique & Génome, UMR 8071 CNRS
UMR5525 Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de
la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications
de Grenoble (TIMC-IMAG)
Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, INRA
Laboratoire d'Informatique Algorithmique : Fondements
et Applications - UMR 7089 LIAFA, CNRS/Université Paris 7
Institut d'Electronique Fondamentale (Orsay), CNRS
Session V - Physics and Astrophysics
PGM François PÉTRÉLIS
Chair Christophe JOSSERAND
SP Christine GUERLIN
GP Patrick HENNEBELLE
GP Alexandre OBERTELLI Laboratoire de Physique Statistique Ecole Normale Supérieure
Institut Jean Le Rond d'Alembert- UMR 7190
UPMC - LKB Paris
Laboratoire Service Astrophysique, CEA
Service de Physique nucléaire, CEA Saclay
18
LIST OF french PARTICIPANTS
(session order)
Session VI - Life/Medical Science
PGM Christelle BAUNEZ
Chair Véronique DEROCHE-GAMONET
SP Luc MALLET
GP Nicolas VUILLERME GP Lucile JOLY-POTTUZ
UMR 7289 Institut des Neurosciences de la Timone Université
d'Aix Marseille
Psychobiology of addiction NeuroCentre Magendie (NCM)
CRIU 862
Brain and Spine Institute - Pitié Salpétrière Hospital UMR 7225
GEM (Gerontechnology, E-health and Modelisation),
AGIM laboratory, FRE 3405, Université Grenoble I
Elyt lab (Engineering and science Lyon Tohoku Laboratory)
INSA de Lyon
Session VII - Social Sciences/Humanities
PGM Thierry HOQUET
Chair Claire ETCHEGARAY
SP Maya BACACHE-BEAUVALLET
GP Jean-Julien AUCOUTURIER GP Halima SAHRAOUI
Laboratory EA 4187-Institut de Recherches Philosophiques de
Lyon (IRPHIL)
Department of Philosophy Paris-Ouest Nanterre La Défense
Département de Sciences Sociales-Cepremap PSE
IRCAM STMS UMR 9912
URI OCTOGONE-Lordat EA 4156, Université Toulouse 2
19
PHOTOS OF PARTICIPANTS
(session order)
SESSION I
Chemistry/
Dmitry Satoshi GrégoireFabrice Akiyoshi
ALDAKOV
ashihara DANGER DUVERNAYHISHIKAWA
Shigeyuki
Tomoaki
Gwénaël
Vincent
Taro
MASAOKAMATSUURArapenneRENARDTOYOTA
SESSION II
Materials/
Science
AlexandraJohann Erik Alain Toru
APOSTOLUkCORAUX DUJARDIN FAVE HIRAHARA
Taro
HITOSUGI
Shuichi
Masashi
Yoshihiko
Vincent
MURAKAMISHIRAISHI TOGAWA TOURNAT
20
PHOTOS OF PARTICIPANTS
(session order)
SESSION III
Earth Science/
Environment
Pierre Alain NobuakiHiroyuki Aitaro
BECKCELZARD FUJI GOTO KATO
Ikuko TsubasaAlexandre Yann Katsuyuki
KITABA OTAKE SCHUBNELTROLEZ YAMASHITA
SESSION IV
Mathematics/
Informatics
ChristopheMichäel
ambroise
BLUM Iordanis
KERENIDIS
Jasmine
BURGUET
Masataka
GOTO
Seiya
imoto
Toshio
Damien
Hidetoshi
Ryo
OHNISHIQUERLIOZ
shimodairaYOSHIDA
21
PHOTOS OF PARTICIPANTS
(session order)
SESSION V
Physics and
Astrophysics
Christine
Patrick ChristopheSatoshi Makoto
GUERLINHENNEBELLE
JOSSERANDMIHARA NARUSE
Hiromichi
Alexandre
NIIKURAOBERTELLI
François
PÉTRÉLIS
Daisuke
Shoko
TAKAHASHIUTSUNOMIYA
Session VI
Life/
Medical
science
ChristelleVéronique Satoshi Lucile
BAUNEZDEROCHE-GAMONET HIRATA JOLY-POTTUZ
Masaki
KITA
Luc Tetsuya Miho HidehikoNicolas
MALLET MATSUDA OHSUGI TAKAHASHIVUILLERME
22
PHOTOS OF PARTICIPANTS
(session order)
SESSION VII
Social
Sciences/
Humanities
Jean-JulienMaya Claire Jun Thierry
AUCOUTURIER BACACHE-BEAUVALLET etchegarayFUJII HOQUET
Chika
KINOSHITA
Takashi
KURATA
Mitsuo
Halima Mayuko
MATSUMOTOSAHRAOUI SANO
23
SESSION I
SESSION Field
CHEMISTRY
SESSION TITLE
Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
25
SESSION I
Chemistry
Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
Chair: Tomoaki MATSUURA
Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University
It remains unclear, where and how the first living matter (i.e., life) begins. We have learned from the fossil
records the existence of dinosaurs and other mysterious creatures, but there are no records about the first
living matters that is believed to have emerged about 3.9 billion years ago. Under such circumstances, synthesizing molecules constituting the cell, molecular systems, and ultimately the entire cell only from defined
components and under defined conditions is one of the strategies to gain insight into the origin of life (Szostak,
Bartel and Luisi, Nature, 2001).
“Origin of life” can be classified into two different levels. The first is the origin of biological molecules, such as
the amino acids, nucleotides, and lipids from non-biological molecules. Early Earth is likely to have had only
simple chemicals such as methane, ammonia and hydrogen. How can the biological molecules emerge? Urey
and Miller performed a chemical synthesis in a possible primitive Earth condition, and found that amino acids
can be synthesized (Science, 1953). As such, synthesizing biological molecules and/or identifying conditions
that enable their synthesis will give insight into the origin of biological molecules. Dr. Danger will present the
topic related to the origin of biological molecules.
The second level is the origin of the molecular system. Molecules per se are necessary but not sufficient for
life. If we observe a mixture of components from disrupted Escherichia coli containing all the molecules originally present, no spontaneous regeneration of living cells takes place. Molecules must be coordinated in the
correct order to form a molecular system that exhibits properties of a living cell. However, it is often difficult to
artificially synthesize or construct such molecular systems. Accordingly, synthesizing molecular systems that
exhibit cell-like properties and identifying conditions to synthesize such system will give insight into the origin
of such molecular system. Dr. Toyota will present the topic related to the origin of molecular system exhibiting
a cell-like behavior.
One of the ultimate goals in the field of origin of life is to synthesize an artificial cell, one of the most complex
molecular systems. When this is achieved, it shows one possible route for the origin of cell, i.e., emergence of
livings from non-living materials. In this session, the significance and the impact of research on the artificial
cell assembly will also be discussed.
Speaker: Taro TOYOTA
The University of Tokyo
I - Closed boundary composed of amphiphilic molecules
At the prebiotic era of the Earth, the emergence of a closed boundary composed of organic molecules was
inevitable for the birth of the common ancestor of living cells. The living cells commonly have closed membranes made of lipid binding phosphate, i.e. phospholipid. Like detergents, phospholipids are categorized to
amphiphilic molecules (called as amphiphiles) which have both the water-soluble part (phosphate) and the
water-insoluble one (lipid). Moreover, phospholipids can form closed membrane in water with no assistance of
26
DNA or proteins. But, researchers think that the cell-originated phospholipid is too complicated to argue that it
consisted in the closed boundary at the prebiotic era. So far, Prof. Nakatani and Prof. Ourisson (Louis Pasteur
University) proposed a hypothetical pathway of chemical evolution of a phospholipid. Prof. Walde (ETH) reported that fatty acid which is simpler amphiphile than phospholipid forms closed membrane (vesicle) in water
at a certain concentration and pH. Prof. Deamer (UCSC) found that fatty acid extracts from a meteorite form
vesicles in water. Therefore, the closed boundary or membrane composed of simple amphiphiles has drawn
much attention as a powerful model of the container for the common ancestors of living cells.[1]
II - Design of molecular system realizing cell-like dynamics of closed boundary of amphiphiles.
How does the closed boundary of amphiphiles show cell-like dynamics linked to their metabolic reactions?
This question is significant and incentive for not only the issue on origins of living cells but also supramolecular
chemistry and soft matter physics. To approach this question, we have focused on designing ad hoc molecular
systems where the closed boundary of amphiphiles shows the cell-like dynamics. The amphiphiles consisting
in our molecular systems are designed based on the two aspects: the structure of the water-soluble part and
the chemical reaction of the water-insoluble part. According to Kunitake’s reports that artificial amphiphiles
containing ammonium ions as the water-soluble part forms closed membrane in water,[2] we adopted this
water-soluble part because several sorts of phospholipids contain ammonium ions. Maillard reaction is one
of the nonenzymatic chemical reactions which are expected to be involved in origin of life.[3] We thus installed the essence of Maillard reaction into the water-insoluble part of the amphiphile. Using such synthesized amphiphiles, we realized growth and self-division dynamics of vesicles and self-propelled motion of
amphiphile-oil complex droplets.[4,5] Addition of reactive amphiphiles to produce the component molecules
of vesicles, micrometer-sized vesicles containing an amphiphilic catalyst repeatedly grew and self-divided
under a microscope. In the case of amphiphile-oil complex droplets which have micrometer scale diameters,
they exhibited the self-propelled motion and chemotaxis behavior to the added amphiphiles.
III - Constructive approaches for issue on origin of living cells.
The constructive approach for origins of living cells is successfully progressing with the development of
the closed boundaries of amphiphiles and the analysis on their dynamics. The merit of this approach to the
origins of life is that all component molecules are well defined after synthesis and purification. For example,
Prof. Szostak’s group (Harvard University) and Yomo’s group (Osaka University) independently constructed the
evolutionary process of informational substances using vesicles or droplets. Sugawara’s group (University of
Tokyo) developed the vesicle proliferation system assisted by amplified DNA inside of the vesicles. Namely, the
researchers take more interest in the next stage of the constructive approach for emergence of genotype and
phenotype in origin of living cells. In the present talk, an idea bridging growth/self-division dynamics and selfpropelled motion is discussed for nonbiological acceleration of the evolutionary process based on the closed
boundary of amphiphiles.
IV - Conclusion
The present talk briefly reviews the history of researches on the closed boundary of amphiphiles and ad
hoc molecular systems exhibiting cell-like dynamics. These findings contribute to a model for origins of life.
Moreover, they provide a novel experimental subject for chemistry, namely, the robustness of molecular assembly in a non-equilibrium condition.
V - References
1 ‘Synthesizing life’, J. W. Szostak, D. P. Bartel, P. L. Luisi, Nature, 409 (2001), 387-390.
2 ‘‘A totally synthetic bilayer membrane’, T. Kunitake, Y. Okahata, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99 (1977), 3860-3861.
3 ‘‘Action of Amino Acids on Sugars. Formation of Melanoidins in a Methodical Way’, L. C. Maillard, Compt.
Rend., 154 (1912), 66-68.
4 ‘‘Population Study of Sizes and Components of Self-Reproducing Giant Multilamellar Vesicles’, T. Toyota, K. Takakura, Y. Kageyama, K. Kurihara, N. Maru, K. Ohnuma, K. Kaneko, T. Sugawara, Langmuir, 24 (2008), 3037-3044.
5 ‘ ‘Self-Propelled Oil Droplet Consuming "Fuel" Surfactant’, T. Toyota, N. Maru, M. M. Hanczyc, T. Ikegami, T.
Sugawara, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131 (2009), 5012-5013.
27
《Chemistry of “Origins of Life”》
Glossary
amino acids【アミノ酸】 is a building block of proteins. Protein is one of the most
abundant molecules in the cell, and does most of the chemical reaction inside the cell,
and defines the shape of the livings.
タンパク質を構成する部品。タンパク質は細胞を構成する主要成分であり、化
学反応をおこすだけでなく生物の形を決める役割も果たしている。
Amphiphile:
【両親媒性分子】is a molecule which has both a water-soluble part and a
water-insoluble one.
水になじむ部位と水になじまない部位を併せ持つ分子
Detergent:【洗剤】is a water-soluble cleaning agent.
洗浄の際に用いる水溶性の化合物
Escherichia coli【大腸菌】 is a bacteria found in intestine of the organisms. It is
commonly used as a model organism in the laboratory.
バクテリアの一種で自然界では腸内に生息する。実験生物として研究室でよく
使われている。
Lipid:【脂質】is a class of organic compounds that are fat, oil, or wax.
脂肪や油、蝋の有機化合物の総称
Maillard reaction:【メイラード反応】is a chemical reaction between an amino acid
and a reducing sugar. It causes browning of food like bread.
アミノ酸と還元糖との反応であり、パンなどの食品の褐色着色を引き起こす
nucleotides【核酸】 is a building block of DNA that are the information molecules .
DNAを構成する部品。DNAは次世代に受け継がれる物質。
Phospholipid:【リン脂質】is an organic compound combining hydrocarbons and
phosphates. 炭化水素鎖とリン酸とが結合した有機化合物
Vesicle:【ベシクル】is a closed bilayer membrane composed of amphiphiles.
両親媒性分子がつくる袋状の二重膜
28
Speaker: Grégoire DANGER
UMR CNRS 7345 Ionic and molecular interactions physics laboratory (P2IM)
Astrochemistry Group, Team "Spectrométries et Dynamique Moléculaire",
Laboratory "Physique des Interactions Ioniques et Moléculaires", UMR-CNRS 7345,
Centre Saint-Jérôme, case 252, Aix-Marseille University, 13397, Marseille, France,
[email protected], Group Website: http://sites.univ-provence.fr/piim/-Astrochimie-.html
From interstellar medium chemistry to prebiotic chemistry: organic matter evolution toward Life?
Understanding the chemical evolution of the organic matter in astrophysical environments gives us clues on
the chemical composition of the organic matter that may have seeded primitive planets, and further on the
origin of biochemical systems on Earth. The organic matter present in dense molecular clouds in the form of
ice mantles at the surface of interstellar grains can evolve toward a complete planetary system. All along this
evolution, new and more complex molecules are formed thanks to various energetic processes including UV
irradiation and thermal effects. Small bodies of planetary systems (asteroids and comets) eventually serve as
a reservoir of this organic matter and as vectors for its delivery at the surface of telluric planets such as the
primitive Earth. Therefore, there is probably a link between the molecules contained in cometary or meteoritic
grains, and the molecules present in interstellar grains of the primitive dense molecular cloud. Furthermore,
at the surface of specific environment such as the primitive Earth environment, this organic matter could have
taken a part in the development of a prebiotic chemistry, a chemistry that precedes the emergence of biochemical systems. During this presentation, based on experimental approaches developed in our laboratory,
we will try to understand this chemical evolution and determine which chemical processes can take place in
these astrophysical environments [1-4]. This will allow us to obtain a better understanding of the origin and
the evolution of the matter that makes up the objects of our solar system. Finally, we develop an experimental
approach for studying prebiotic chemical processes in terrestrial planets such as on the Earth [5-8]. These
processes could then represent the first stage for the development of the chemistry of living organisms.
[1] G. Danger, F-R. Orthous-Daunay, P. de Marcellus, P. Modica, V. Vuitton, F. Duvernay, L. Le Sergeant d’Hendecourt, R. Thissen, and T. Chiavassa, Geochimica & Cosmochimica Acta, 2013, 118, 184-201.
[2] V. Vinogradoff, N. Fray, F. Duvernay, G. Briani, G. Danger, H. Cottin, P. Theulé and T. Chiavassa, Astronomy
and Astrophysics, 2013, 551, A128.
[3] G. Danger, F. Duvernay, P. Theulé, F. Borget, and T. Chiavassa, The Astrophysical Journal, 2012, 756,11.
[4] G. Danger, F. Borget, M. Chomat, F. Duvernay, P. Theulé, J-C Guillemin, L. Le Sergeant d’Hendecourt, T.
Chiavassa. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2011, 525, A30.
[5] G. Danger, A. Michaut, M. Bucchi, L. Boiteau, J. Canal, R. Plasson, and R. Pascal, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2013, 52, 611-614.
[6] G. Danger, R. Plasson, and R. Pascal, Chemical Society Reviews, 2012, 41, 5416-5429.
[7] G. Danger, R. Plasson, R. Pascal, Astrobiology 2010, 10, 651-552.
[8] G. Danger, L. Boiteau, H. Cottet, R. Pascal, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 7412-7413.
29
SESSION II
SESSION Field
MATERIALS SCIENCE
SESSION TITLE
GRAPHENE, THE ‘’MIRACLE MATERIAL‘’
31
SESSION II
MATERIALS SCIENCE
Graphene the "miracle material"
Chair: Erik DUJARDIN
CEMES CNRS UPR 8011, TOULOUSE, Fr.
I - Introduction
Graphene is a one atom-thick sheet of carbon atoms linked to each other in a honeycomb lattice. Graphite
that makes pencil tips can be seen as a multiple stack of graphene sheets. For more than 25 years, graphene
has been considered as a good candidate to create materials and devices with unique electronic properties.
Physicists and chemists had known it for decades but It has remained elusive until André Geim et KonstantinNovoselov (Univ. Manchester, GB) isolated it and produced graphene so easily that a large community of
physicists, material scientists and chemists did grab this new opportunity to actually explore, tailor and exploit
the properties of graphene. Nowadays, more than 7000 new papers hare published each year (almost one per
hour!). Thousands of scientists, dozens of companies around the world are scrutinizing Graphene's properties.
Never before has a newly mastered material pervaded so fast into new high technology applications.
II - Content of talk
The two speakers of this session will address two important aspects of graphene science: (1) how to make
it with a quality adapted to targeted scientific and technological objectives and (2) how to probe and master
the properties of graphene, in particular its electronics properties. As an introduction, I will raise the following
questions: What unique properties of graphene explain the exceptional interest this material has been attracting for a decade? What discoveries justify that so many research laboratories and companies are investing
time and effort on Graphene? Will graphene be up to the challenges and promises that society, researchers,
industrials and politicians associate to it? After some general contextual description of graphene, we will
focus on a presentation of a brief state of the art and a list of challenges regarding the production, characterization and exploitation of graphene.
III - Conclusions
After this abridged overview of graphene science in 2014, the two talks will give a more in depth view of
graphene synthesis and graphene physics.
IV - References
Graphene, a 2D dream coming true. C. Soldano, A. Mahmood, E. Dujardin. Carbon, 2010, 48, 2127-2150.
Speaker: Masashi SHIRAISHI
Kyoto University
I - Introduction
Carbon has some allotropes, for example, diamond and graphite. Diamond is loved as a costly and beautiful
jewel, and it is used as a heat conductor and a cutting material in an industrial application. Graphite is known
to be good at lithium intercalation and then is used as a negative electrode in a secondary ion battery. They
have been studied and used in various fields, but it was thought by some people that study on carbon-related
materials was comparatively out of date. However, this prejudice was suddenly broken in 1985 by a discovery
32
of nano-carbon science, and the discoverers were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1996.
After the discovery, the field of nano-carbon science has rapidly grown, and carbon nanotube of
which structure is tubular and of which wall consists only of carbon hexagons, as the second family of
nano-carbon materials [2]. The biggest impact in nano-carbon science comes in 2004, i.e., the
discovery of graphene
of fullerene, C60 [1]. Fullerene
[3]. Graphene has a
is a new carbon allotrope and
2-dimensional
possesses a spherical strucstructure and consists
ture. The discovery opened
of carbon hexagons as
a door for a frontier of nanocarbon nanotube has.
carbon science, and the disGraphene
attracts
coverers were awarded the
tremendous attention
Nobel Prize in Chemistry in
from
theoretical,
1996. After the discovery, the
experimental
and
field of nano-carbon science
application-based
has rapidly grown, and carbon
points of views, and
nanotube of which structure
the Nobel Prize in
is tubular and of which wall
Physics was given to
consists only of carbon hexathis discovery in 2010.
gons, as the second family of
The purpose of this
nano-carbon materials [2]. The
presentation is to
biggest impact in nano-carbon
explain why graphene
science comes in 2004, i.e.,
is called as a miracle
the discovery of graphene [3].
Fig. 1. Nano-carbon materials.
material and how the
Graphene has a 2-dimensiographene research will
nal structure and consists of
make progress.
carbon hexagons as carbon nanotube has. Graphene attracts tremendous attention from theoretical, experimental and application-based points of views, and the Nobel Prize in Physics was given to this discovery in
2010. The purpose of this presentation is to explain why graphene is called as a miracle material and how the
graphene research will make progress.
II -isWhy
is graphene
a miracle
material?
2. Why
graphene
a miracle
material?
ItItsounds
somewhat
surprising
that there
sounds somewhat surprising
thatis relativistic
there is quantum
relativistic
physics
in graphene.
Whereas the
Newton equation
describes
the
quantum
physics
in graphene.
Whereas
the Newton
equation
motion
of
matters
in
classical
physics,
the
Schroedinger
equadescribes the motion of matters in classical physics, the
tion does inequation
quantum physics.
equations are
equations
in a
Schroedinger
does These
in quantum
physics.
These
3-dimensional
space.
Since
time
and
space
are
equivalent
in
relaequations are equations in a 3-dimensional space. Since time
tivistic are
quantum
physics,inthe
Schroedinger
equation
is replaced
and space
equivalent
relativistic
quantum
physics,
the
by
the
Dirac
equation,
which
consists
of
the
4(=3+1)-dimensional
Schroedinger equation is replaced by the Dirac equation, which
components.
This equation can describe,
for example,
a motioncan
consists
of the 4(=3+1)-dimensional
components.
This equation
of
massless
particles
such
as
photons
or
neutrinos
within
sodescribe, for example, a motion of massless particles such asa photons
called standard
The notable
is thatmodel.
the motion
electronsis
or neutrinos
withinmodel.
a so-called
standard
Theofnotable
in
graphene
is
approximately
equivalent
to
that
of
neutrinos,
i.e.,
that the motion of electrons in graphene is approximately
Fig. 2. Rapid increase of a
the equation of motion for electrons in graphene is approximately
equivalent to that of neutrinos, i.e., the equation of motion for number of papers related
same as that of neutrinos. Relativistic quantum physics becomes
electrons in graphene is approximately same as that of neutrinos. graphene (by Scopus). The
apparent when a velocity of motion is close to the light velocity,
Relativistic quantum physics becomes apparent when a velocity of number in 2013 is cited on
and usually, a huge accelerator is necessary for investigating
motion is close to the light velocity, and usually, a huge Oct. 9th.
relativistic quantum physics. However, surprisingly, relativistic
accelerator
necessary
for investigating
quantum
quantumisphysics
apparently
appears even inrelativistic
a condensed
matter,
physics.
However,
surprisingly,
relativistic
quantum
physics
appears even in a condensed
graphene, which is the reason why graphene is regardedapparently
as a
matter,
graphene,
which
is
the
reason
why
graphene
is
regarded
as
a
miracle
material.
miracle material.
Becauseofofthe
the
above-mentioned
reasons,
tremendous
attention
has
been garnered
after
Because
above-mentioned
reasons,
tremendous
attention
has been
garnered
after 2004,
and2004,
a number
and aofnumber
scientific
papers
with
grapheneincreased
dramatically
increased
Fig. 2), aand
for of
scientificofpapers
related
with related
graphene
dramatically
(see Fig.
2), and (see
for example,
number
example,
a number
papers
2012, of
which title
includes
“graphene”,
ca. 7000,
i.e.,
scientific
papersof
in scientific
2012, of which
titleinincludes
“graphene”,
is ca.
7000, i.e.,
roughly 20ispapers
per day.
roughly 20 papers per day.
III - Which kind of future is expected?
By now, a wide variety of possible application has been proposed and investigated by using graphene: (1)
3. Which kind of future is expected?
33
By now, a wide variety of possible application has been proposed and investigated by using
graphene: (1) transparent electrode [4], (2) high-frequency device [5], (3) spintronics device [6], and
transparent electrode [4], (2) high-frequency device [5], (3) spintronics device [6], and so on. Here, I show
three important research issues using graphene.
As for (1), large area (ca. 30 inch) graphene was synthesized and applied for transparent electrodes for touch
panel application. Since the conventional transparent electrode (tin-doped indium oxide: ITO) includes a minor
metal, indium, it is requested that ITO is replaced to the other ubiquitous materials. Since graphene consists
only of carbon, this fulfills this request. High frequency devices are quite important for wireless broadband
networks, and IBM demonstrated 100-GHz operation of a graphene device. Spintronics using graphene is also
attracting tremendous attention, because pure spin current can be propagated in graphene [6,7]. Pure spin
current is a flow of spin angular momentum without a charge flow, and is an ideally energy-dissipationless
current, enabling ultra low energy consumption information propagation and calculation.
IV - Conclusion
As presented, graphene possesses bright future for both basic science and various applications, since
graphene can break a present limit of technologies. For more detail, for example, see ref. [8].
V - References
[1] H.W. Kroto et al., Nature 318, 162 (1985). [2] S. Iijima, Nature 354, 56 (1991). [3] K. Novoselov et al.,
Science 306, 666 (2004). [4] S. Bae et al., Nature Nanotech. 5, 574 (2010). [5] Y.-M. Lin, Science 327, 662
(2010). [6] N. Tombros et al., Nature 448, 571 (2007). [7] Z. Tang, M. Shiraishi et al., Phys. Rev. B87, 140401(R),
2013. [8] M. Ruemmeli, M. Shiraishi, S. Roche, G. Cuniberti et al., Adv. Mat. 23, 4471 (2011).
《Graphene, the “miracle material”》
Glossary
Standard model:【標準模型】There are 4 interactions in nature: (1) electromagnetic
interaction, (2) strong interaction, (3) weak interaction, and (4) gravitational interaction.
The electromagnetic interaction is an interaction that an electron is affected by electric
and magnetic fields. The strong interaction is an interaction that, for example, a
neutron and a positron affect each other, i.e., that nucleons in nuclei are affected. The
weak interaction is an interaction that elementary particles such as quarks are affected
(an elementary particle cannot be divided into some parts and does not have a domain.
Electron, photon, quark and neutrino are elementary particles). The standard model
unifies these 3 interactions under one equation. The Higgs particle, of which prediction
and discovery was awarded for Nobel prize in Physics (2013), gives mass to particles
(precisely fermions) in this model scheme. Within this model scheme, neutrino is
massless, whereas experiments proved it is massive. Hence, an expansion of the
standard model is necessary, which is one of the next targets in elementary particle
physics. The unification of gravity has not been done, which is also an important target.
Neutrino:【ニュートリノ】Neutrino is one of elementary particles. It is chargeless,
and called as lepton. Wolfgang Pauli predicted it and Enrico Fermi named it. Within the
standard model scheme, it is theoretically massless. However, Masatoshi Koshiba
experimentally proved that it is massive.
【相対論的量子論】Quantum physics is regarded to have
Relativistic quantum physics:
opened the door for modern physics. Here, for example, energies are quantized, which
is completely different in classical physics. Relativity includes special relativity and
general relativity, and one of the most important features in relativity is that time and
space are equivalent. Quantum physics that includes special relativity is called as
relativistic quantum physics, and equation of motion in relativistic quantum physics is
4-dimensional because of the equivalency of time and space.
Pure spin current:
【純スピン流】A flow of34spin angular momentum without a charge
flow. The schematic image is shown below. Electron possesses up- or down-spins.
When we assume that one up-spin goes to the right and one down-spin goes to the left,
general relativity, and one of the most important features in relativity is that time and
space are equivalent. Quantum physics that includes special relativity is called as
relativistic quantum physics, and equation of motion in relativistic quantum physics is
4-dimensional because of the equivalency of time and space.
Pure spin current:
【純スピン流】A flow of spin angular momentum without a charge
flow. The schematic image is shown below. Electron possesses up- or down-spins.
When we assume that one up-spin goes to the right and one down-spin goes to the left,
there is no net charge flow because one electron goes to the right and the other
electron goes to the left (1-1=0). Here, because of the time reversal symmetry, the
down-spin that goes to the left is equivalent to the up-spin that goes to the right. This
may be confusing. Let’s take a video of the above-mentioned motion of spins. When
the time flow is reversed, the direction of the motion is also reversed. But in addition
to the direction of motion, the direction of spin is also reversed (the detailed theory is
not described here). So, the total number of up spin that goes to the right is 2 (not 1).
An image of pure spin current. Solid circles show electrons (charges) and arrows in the
circles show the direction of spins (up or down). The other arrows show the direction
of motion.
Allotrope:【同素体.】Allotropes are different structural modifications of an element.
Graphene, fullerene (C60), carbon nanotube, charcoal, graphite, and diamond are all
allotropes of carbon.
Newton equations (of motion):【ニュートンの運動方程式】Newton equations of
motion are equations that describe the behavior of a macroscopic physical system in
terms of its motion as a function of time. Motion of airplanes, balls, mechanical
machines and macroscopic physical systems can be predicted by using the Newton
equations of motions.
Schroedinger equation:【シュレーディンガー方程式】In quantum mechanics, the
Schrödinger equation is a partial differential equation that describes how the quantum
state of some physical system changes with time. The equation describes the behavior
of electrons and atoms (microscopic).
Dirac equation:
【ディラック方程式】The Dirac equation is a relativistic wave equation
formulated by British physicist Paul Dirac. It describes fields corresponding to
elementary spin-½ particles (such as the electron). The Dirac equation is consistent
with both the principles of quantum mechanics and the theory of special relativity, and
was the first theory to account fully for relativity in the context of quantum mechanics.
35
Speaker: Johann CORAUX
Neel Institute UPR 2940 Hybrid systems at low dimension
The Surface Science of Truly 2D Materials
In 2004, Physicists started the exploration of the intrinsic properties of two-dimensional (2D) materials, first
by studying graphene, an atomically-thin sheet of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice. Since then,
the interest has broadened towards other disciplines, including Chemistry and Biology, and the study of other
2D materials – boron nitride, dichalcogenides, silicene, silica – has started. These objects introduced new
paradigms, not only relying on their unique 2D-specific properties, but also deriving from their platform-like
topography. This true in both basic and applied research perspectives.
Just because they expose flat surfaces to the outside world, 2D materials seem ideally suited to surface
science studies. This approach, though, is not mainstream. I will show that, alongside the study of devices
based on 2D materials, surface science has provided invaluable insights into the understanding and control of
the preparation and properties of these materials, and offers great potential for manipulating their properties
and giving them new ones.
I will illustrate this viewpoint by (i) addressing the rich heritage of surface science studies of the preparation of
graphene on metals, (ii) evoking some very recent highlights in the preparation of other 2D systems on metals,
(iii) and giving a partial panorama of the toolkit which surface science offers for engineering the properties of
graphene and graphenebased hybrid systems.
36
SESSION III
SESSION Field
earth science/environment
SESSION TITLE
earthquakes and associated risks
37
Session Topic:
Earthquakes and Associated Risks
Chair_Abstract__Earth_Science_Environment_akato
Chair: III
SESSION
Aitaro KATO, The University of Tokyo
Earth Science/Environment
Field:
Earthquake occurs as a result of shear
slip
Earthquakes
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associated risks
Earth
Science/Environment
instability along a fault embedded in the Earth’s
crust, which is composed of brittle rocks. During the
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slip with
Earthquakes and Associated Risks
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risk assessment
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by a phase
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which a possible mechanism is the slow slip.
In this session, we would like to discuss
earthquakes and the associated risks in the
viewpoints of (1) diversity of earthquakes,
(2) earthquake mechanics based on
laboratory experiments, and (3) disaster
risk assessment from engineering and
38
Speaker: Hiroyuki GOTO
Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University
I - Introduction
In the last decade, we experienced huge natural disasters due to earthquake, flood, volcanic explosion, landslide,
etc. The 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake caused a huge tsunami, and it killed more than 220 thousand
people living in the coastal area of Indian ocean. 2008 Wenchuan and 2010 Haiti earthquakes directly hit
inland areas, and caused a large amount of victims due to ground motions. The 2011 off the Pacific coast of
Tohoku earthquake hit the eastern part of mainland Japan, and caused a huge tsunami that killed more than
ten thousand people. Japanese government estimates 16.9 trillion JPY economic losses associated with the
earthquake disaster.
Disaster risk is evaluated from occurrence of hazard and vulnerability of human society. In order to reduce the
risk, government encourages the vulnerability improvement, such as structure retrofitting, evacuation training,
etc. From both science and engineering points of view, I introduce the recent disaster risk assessment, and
interesting research topics in this field.
II - Seismic design concept
In a classical seismic design, engineers just follow a design specification, which contains a detail procedure
to check seismic desistance of target structures. Recently, performance-based design has been applied to
the seismic design. The performance depends on importance of the target structure, and is defined by a set
1) how it damages and 2) how frequent the seismic load excites it, e.g., “safety” under “rare” seismic event,
“functional” under “frequent” event. Client provides the performance that is determined from cost, benefit, social situation, etc. Engineer designs the
target structure as satisfying the performance.
They owe different accountabilities, selection
of the performance for client and implementation of the performance for engineer. In the
performance-based design, the natural maximum seismic event is not essential. The logic,
cost and accountability for the selected performance have a priority.
III - Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis (PSHA)
The cost consists of initial construction cost, maintenance cost, and also total loss due to earthquake disaster.
The loss is usually estimated from fragility of the structure and probabilistic seismic hazard. Seismic hazard
map is a typical output of PSHA as the intermediate products. PSHA is based on a probability of earthquake
occurrence, and a variation on seismic wave propagations. The latter variation comes from a probability model
of amplitude decays from seismic source, and a spatial difference on
ground amplification.
IV -Variation of Ground Amplification
Local geology controls the ground amplification qualitatively, and it causes
the spatial differences. In current PSHA, it is usually modeled by deterministic variables. We focus on the variation characteristics on the ground
amplification based on the innovative measurement. In the downtown,
where there is a large potential of earthquake disaster, the dense measurement of ground motion has not been performed. We developed an
advanced system for very dense seismic array observation, and installed
it in Furukawa district, Japan, which was the damaged area during the
2011 Tohoku earthquake (Goto et al., 2011). It captures more than 500
39
events, and reveals the spatial and also site-specific variations. For variation modeling, we should connect the
variation characteristics to spatial inhomogeneities of underground structure. I’ve developed physics-based
decomposition of the ground amplification, and it enables to model arbitrary response as a superposition of
simple states. We apply it to the variation modeling as a stochastic superposition.
V -Conclusion
In risk assessment, scientific knowledge has been put to practical use. On the other hand, scientific innovation,
such as variation modeling and convinced mechanism, for logical discussion between client and engineer is
still in progress.
VI -References
1. Goto, H., et al., “Earthquake source and ground motion characteristics in eastern Japan during the 2011 off
the Pacific coast of Tohoku earthquake”, Journal of JSCE, 1(2013), 329-342.
2. Goto, H., et al., “Very dense seismic array observations in Furukawa district, Japan”, Seism. Res. Lett.,
83(2011), 765-774.
3. Goto, H., “Series expansion of complex ground amplifications by a sequence of simple transfer functions”,
Earthquake Engng. Struct. Dyn., submitted.
40
《Earthquakes and Associated Risks》 Glossary
the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku earthquake:【2011 年東北地方太平洋沖地震】is an
earthquake occurred in March 2011 along the plate boundary between the subducting Pacific
plate and the north-American plate, caused severe tsunami damages along eastern coast of the
mainland Japan.
Crust:【地殻】is the outermost layer of the Earth. Crust is very thin in comparison with the
underlying mantle and core. The thickness of crust is only about 8 km under the oceans
(oceanic crust) and about 35 km under the continents (continental crust). The crust is brittle
enough to produce earthquakes.
CV:【変動係数】(Coefficient of Variation) is a normalized measure of variation, defined as a
ratio of standard deviation to a mean.
Deep-Focus earthquake:【深発地震】 Earthquakes occurring within the 400-700km depth
window are termed deep-focus earthquakes and are systematically associated with subduction
of tectonic plates.
Disaster risk:【災害リスク】is a degree of disaster effectiveness, defined by natural hazard
multiplying vulnerability of human society.
ハザードと社会の脆弱性の掛け合わせとして定義される災害の程度を表す尺度.
Dislocation:【転位】 In materials science, a dislocation is a crystallographic defect, or
irregularity, within a crystal structure.
Fault:【断層】is a fracture along which the blocks of crust on either side have moved relative
to one another parallel to the fracture.
Ground amplification:【地盤増幅率】is a ratio between input and surface ground motions. It
depends on geology and stiffness of soils. Damage spots appear due to the spatial difference
during the earthquake disaster.
Ground motion:【地震動】is a ground surface shaking due to seismic wave radiated from
earthquake source.
Gutenberg-Richter’s law : 【 グ ー テ ン ベ ル グ ・ リ ヒ タ ー 則 】 In seismology, the
Gutenberg–Richter law expresses the relationship between the magnitude and total number
of earthquakes in any given region and time period of at least that magnitude.
Magnitude:【マグニチュード】is a fundamental measure of the size of an earthquake in
terms of the energy released during the slip.
Olivine:【カンラン石】The mineral olivine (when of gem quality, also called peridot) is a
magnesium iron silicate with the formula (Mg+2, Fe+2)2SiO4. Olivine and high pressure structural
variants constitute over 50% of the Earth's upper mantle, and olivine is one of the Earth's most
common minerals by volume.
41
Omori’s law:【余震の大森公式】Omori's law, or more correctly the modified Omori's law, is
an empirical relation for the temporal decay of aftershock rates.
Performance-based design:【性能設計】is a type of engineering design, defining a target
performance under an external load. In seismic design, the performance is usually defined by a
state after the earthquake loading.
外力に応じて性能を規定し,性能を満足することを要求する設計法
PSHA:【地震ハザード評価】(Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis) is a probabilistic approach
to estimate a seismic hazard.
Seismic array observation:【地震アレー観測】is a system of ground motion measurement by
spatially distributing seismometers.
Slab:【スラブ】In geology, a slab is the portion of a tectonic plate that is being subducted.
Slip:【滑り】is the relative displacement of formerly adjacent points on opposite sides of a
fault.
Slow earthquake:【ゆっくり地震】is slow energy release process along a fault, of which
duration is significantly longer than one of ordinary earthquake. For example, slow-slip events
with magnitude ~ 6.0 continue for days to months.
Spectral intensity:【SI 値】is a one of the ground motion indexes, representing an
effectiveness to the structure response. SI is better correlation with the structure damages. 地
震被害と相関が高いとされる地震動の強さ指標の1つ.日本では都市ガスの供給停止
の判断に利用されている.
Stress:【応力】is the force per unit area acting on a plane within a body.
Superplasticity:【超塑性】In materials science, superplasticity is a state in which solid
crystalline material is deformed well beyond its usual breaking point, usually over about 200%
during tensile deformation. Examples of superplastic materials are some fine-grained metals
and ceramics.
Tectonic Plate:【プレート】is the moving outermost layer of the Earth. There are eight major
plates in the Earth. The speed of lateral relative movements of the plates ranges from 1 to 25
cm/year. Each plate is composed of crust and upper most mantle.
42
Speaker: Alexandre SCHUBNEL
Laboratoire de Géologie, CNRS, Ecole normale supérieure de Paris
Deep focus earthquake analogs recorded at high pressure and temperature in the laboratory
I - Introduction
The largest deep earthquake ever recorded happened on May 24th 2013. It was of a magnitude Mw=8.3 and
happened 620km deep below the earth surface, under the sea of Okhotsk (1). While the existence of deep earthquakes have been known since the 1920’s (2-3), the essential mechanical process responsible for them is still
poorly understood and remained one of the outstanding unsolved problems of geophysics and rock mechanics.
Indeed, deep focus earthquake occur in an environment fundamentally different from that of shallow (<100 km)
earthquakes (4), nowadays relatively well understood on the basis of theories relying on the properties of
fracture, coalescing cracks and friction (5-6). As pressure and temperature increase with depth however, intra
crystalline plasticity starts to dominate the deformation regime so that rocks yield by plastic flow rather than
by brittle fracturing (6).
II - Content of talk
Olivine phase transitions have provided an attractive alternative mechanism for deep focus earthquakes (7-9).
Indeed, the Earth mantle transition zone (410-700km) is the locus of the two successive polymorphic transitions (α->β and β->γ) of olivine, the most abundant upper mantle mineral. Such scenario, however, runs into
the conceptual barrier of initiating failure in a pressure (P) and temperature (T) regime where deviatoric stress
(Δσ) relaxation is expected to be achieved through plastic flow. Here, we performed laboratory deformation
experiments on Germanium olivine (Mg2GeO4) under differential stress at high pressure (P=2-5GPa) and within
a narrow temperature range (T=1000-1250K). We find that fractures nucleate at the onset of the olivine to
spinel transition. These fractures propagate dynamically (i.e. at a non-negligible fraction of the shear wave
velocity) so that intense acoustic emissions are generated. Similar to deep-focus earthquakes, these acoustic
emissions arise from pure shear sources, and obey the Gutenberg-Richter law without following Omori’s law.
Microstructural observations prove that dynamic weakening likely involves superplasticity of the nanocrystalline spinel reaction product at seismic strain rates.
III - Conclusions
Although in our experiments the absolute stress value remains high compared to stresses expected within
the cold core of subducted slabs (10), the observed stress drops are broadly consistent with those calculated
for deep earthquakes (4). Constant differential stress conditions at failure over a wide range of confinement
(2-5GPa) strongly suggest that transformational faulting is largely independent of normal stress and thus
involves non-frictional processes. We suggest that rupture nucleation is controlled by dislocation density and
spinel nucleation kinetics, while propagation is controlled by superplastic flow. High stress and high dislocation density conditions can be met in a cold subducting slab full of metastable olivine (11), due to stress
concentrations at the micro and mesoscopic scales because of buckling, folding, and/or inherited fractures
(12). This is particularly true in the Tonga-Kermadec region for instance, for which the largest catalog of deep
focus earthquake is available (4).
IV - References
1. Ye L., Lay T., Kanamori H. and Koper K.D., Energy release of the 2013 Mw8.3 Sea of Okhotsk earthquake
and deep slab stress heterogeneity, Science, 341, 1380-1384, 2013.
2. Turner H.H., On the arrival of earthquake waves at the antipodes and the measurement of the focal depth
of an earthquake, Mon. Roy. Astr. Soc. , Geophys. Suppl., 1, 1-13, 1922.
3. Wadati, K. 1928. Shallow and deep earthquakes. Geophys. Afag. 1 : 1 6 1 -202
4. C. Frohlich, Deep Earthquakes, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U. K., 574 pp., (2006).
5. J.D. Byerlee, Friction of Rocks. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 116, 586-602 (1978).
6. 4. M.S. Paterson, T-f. Wong, Experimental rock deformation – the brittle field. (Springer–Verlag, Berlin
Heidelberg, 2005).
43
7. D.T. Griggs, D.W. Baker, The origin of deep-focus earthquakes, H. Mark, S. Fernbach Eds, (Interscience, New
York 1969), pp. 23-42.
8. S. Kirby, Localized polymorphic phase transformations in high-pressure faults and applications to the physical mechanism of deep earthquakes. Journal of Geophysical Research, 92, 13789-13800 (1987).
9. Green, H.W., Burnley, P.C., 1989. A new self-organizing mechanism for deep-focus earthquakes. Nature
341, 733– 737.
10. Bina, C. R., S. Stein, F. C. Marton, and E. M. Van Ark, Implications of slab mineralogy for subduction dynamics, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 127, 51-66, (2001).
11. Iidaka T and Suetsugu D, Seismological evidence for metastable olivine inside a subducting slab, Nature,
356, 593-595, (1992).
12. Myhill R., Slab buckling and its effect on the distributions and focal mechanisms of deep-focus earthquakes. Geophysical Journal International, ggs054 (2012).
V - Glossary
• Deep-Focus earthquake: Earthquakes occurring within the 400-700km depth window are termed deepfocus earthquakes and are systematically associated with subduction zones.
• Olivine: The mineral olivine (when of gem quality, also called peridot) is a magnesium iron silicate with the
formula (Mg+2, Fe+2)2SiO4. Olivine and high pressure structural variants constitute over 50% of the Earth's
upper mantle, and olivine is one of the Earth's most common minerals by volume.
• Gutenberg-Richter’s law: In seismology, the Gutenberg–Richter law expresses the relationship between the
magnitude and total number of earthquakes in any given region and time period of at least that magnitude.
• Omori’s law: Omori's law, or more correctly the modified Omori's law, is an empirical relation for the temporal decay of aftershock rates.
• Superplasticity: In materials science, superplasticity is a state in which solid crystalline material is deformed well beyond its usual breaking point, usually over about 200% during tensile deformation. Examples of
superplastic materials are some fine-grained metals and ceramics.
• Slab: In geology, a slab is the portion of a tectonic plate that is being subducted.
• Dislocation: In materials science, a dislocation is a crystallographic defect, or irregularity, within a crystal
structure.
44
SESSION IV
session Field
MATHEMATICS/INFORMATICS
session TITLE
BAYESIAN STATISTICS
45
SESSION IV
Mathematics/Informatics
Bayesian Statistics
Chair: Seiya IMOTO
The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo
Thomas Bayes was born in London in 1702 and died in 1761 leaving a note with a part of a proof of Bayes's
theorem. In recent years, Bayes's theorem or Bayesian statistics has become a sound theoretical base for
data analyses, control, prediction and discovery in various research fields including social science, engineering, life science and so on. In this section, after illustrating the essential idea of Bayesian statistics, we show
some paradoxical examples, discuss the historical argument between the Bayesian and frequentist schools of
thought, subjectivist around priors, and end with a few cutting edge real examples.
Bayesian statistics can be considered as a mathematical framework for updating existing knowledge of subject or parameter of interest by getting observational data. In Bayesian statistics, the knowledge of the parameter is supposed to be represented by a probability function called prior probability; for example we know
the mean height of men is around 170cm but it varies depending on populations. The prior probability function
of the parameter will be updated using the information of observed data by Bayes theorem; it achieves posterior probability of the parameter (updated knowledge by the data). In other words, the framework of Bayesian statistics allows us to integrate additional information (prior probability) with the information of the data
represented by the likelihood function.
Getting the posterior probability function of the parameter of interest is a crucial task in data analysis from a
Bayesian point of view. It contains high dimensional integral in continuous case or combinatorial summation
in discrete case, and mainly two approaches have been proposed; exact and approximate computations. The
former approach restricts data analysts to use limited types of prior probability functions but can later be
relaxed. However, the computational cost of the former is much lighter than that of the later.
Toshio Ohnishi will present the first approach in the Bayesian model averaging that combines a lot of Bayesian
statistical models and the problem of minimizing Bayes risk that measures the badness of statistical models.
Michael Blum will present a problem in population genetics with the second approach. Finally we will discuss
the applicability of Bayesian methods to big data like the genomic data used in Blum’s talk, and compare them
with data-only-methods.
Speaker: Toshio OHNISHI
Faculty of Economics, Kyushu University
I - Introduction
Maximization of the likelihood and that of the Shannon entropy are two of the most famous principles in statistics. The former derives the well-known maximum likelihood estimator. The latter is applied to find the most
"random" statistical model in the wake of the second law of thermodynamics. This paper reveals a notable
relationship between the two principles, which is a generalization of the result in Ohnishi & Yanagimoto (2013).
A Bayesian model assumes not only a sampling density function with an unknown parameter but also a prior
density function for the unknown parameter, while frequentists' model assumes the former only. The sampling
density function is a statistical model for mechanism behind a data. The unknown parameter to be estimated
is also regarded as a random variable in a Bayesian model.
46
Prediction, or density estimation, is a generalization of parameter estimation. The true density function is estimated based on a data. The estimated density function is called a predictor.
A loss function is adopted to compare more than one predictor. It is a kind of "price" we have to pay when a
predictor is different from the true density function. The performance of a predictor is assessed by the expected value of the loss function, which is called the Bayes risk in the case of a Bayesian model. Finding the best
predictor is formulated as an optimization problem, i.e., minimization of the Bayes risk.
The Kullback-Leibler divergence, denoted by KL(q,p) is one of the fundamental quantities in statistics. Roughly
speaking, it is the distance between the two density functions q and p. Unlike the Euclidean distance, it is
asymmetrical, i.e., KL(q,p) ≠ KL(p,q). Nevertheless, they appear as a pair in theoretical statistics, and are said
to be dual to each other (Amari & Nagaoka, 2000).
We adopt dual Kullback-Leibler divergences KL(q,p) and KL(p,q) as loss functions, where q is a predictor and
p is the true density function. They are called the e-and the m-divergence loss functions, respectively. This
duality turns out to link the likelihood maximization and the Shannon entropy maximization.
This paper investigates Bayesian model averaging, which is to average a number of Bayesian models according to our belief. We index those Bayesian models by introducing a parameterξ. The belief is represented by
a density function h (ξ). Bayesian model averaging can cover such situations that we often encounter in actual
data analyses.
We investigate the Bayesian model averaging in the framework of prediction problem. Two optimization problems
are formulated. One is under the e-divergence loss function, and the other is under the m-divergence loss function. Each of them consists of (1) the best predictor in the ξ th Bayesian model and (2) a weight function h (ξ).
II - Results in the -divergence loss case
A "geometric mean" of the best predictors with weight h (ξ) plays an important role in this section, which we
call the -mixture.
Theorem 1. The following statements hold under the -divergence.
(i) The -mixture is the solution to the Bayes risk minimization problem.
(ii) The Bayes risk minimization is equivalent to maximization of the Shannon entropy under a constraint.
Maximization of the likelihood with respect to a weight function h (ξ) leads to the worst prediction.
(iii) Maximization of the minimum Bayes risk with respect to a weight function h (ξ) leads to a constant-risk
prediction.
The essence of the proof of Theorem 1(ii) is a "reverse" procedure of the Lagrange multiplier method. Note
that the Lagrange multiplier method rewrites an optimization problem with a constraint into an equivalent
optimization problem free of constraints.
III - Results in the -divergence loss case
The roles of the likelihood maximization and the Shannon entropy maximization are reversed in the case of
the m divergence loss function. An "arithmetic mean" of the best predictors with weight h (ξ) plays an key
role, which we call the m-mixture.
Theorem 2. The following statements hold under the -divergence.
(i) The m-mixture is the solution to the Bayes risk minimization problem.
(ii) The Bayes risk minimization is equivalent to maximization of the likelihood under a constraint. Maximization of the Shannon entropy with respect to a weight function h(ξ) leads to the worst prediction.
(iii) Maximization of the minimum Bayes risk with respect to a weight function h(ξ) leads to a constant-risk
prediction.
IV - Conclusion
• Maximization of the likelihood and that of the Shannon entropy are dual to each other in the sense of the
duality between the e-and the m-divergences.
• In each case maximization of the minimum risk leads to a constant-risk prediction.
47
V - References
1. Amari, S-I. and Nagaoka, H. (2000). Methods of Information Geometry. American Mathematical Society,
Load Island.
2. Hoeting, J.A., Madigan, D., Raftery, A.E. and Volinsky, C.T. (1999). Bayesian model averaging: a tutorial.
Statistical Science, 14, 382-417.
3. Ohnishi, T. and Yanagimoto, T. (2013). Two fold structure of duality in Bayesian model averaging. Journal of
the Japan Statistical Society, 43, 29-55.
《Bayesian Statistics》
Glossary
Bayesian model:
【Bayes モデル】In Bayesian statistics we assume a prior density function in
addition to a sampling density function. The former is a density function for the unknown
parameter in the latter. We call a combination of these density functions a Bayesian model.
Bayes risk:
【Bayes リスク】The expected value of a loss function, which should be minimized.
The expectation is calculated with respect to a Bayesian model.
Density function: 【密度関数】A probability density function is sometimes referred to simply
as a density function.
Duality:【双対性】The Kullback-Leibler divergences KL(𝑝𝑝, 𝑞𝑞) and KL(𝑞𝑞, 𝑝𝑝) are said to be dual
to each other.
𝒆𝒆-mixture:【𝒆𝒆-混合】A "geometric mean" of density functions. The 𝑒𝑒-mixture 𝑞𝑞𝑒𝑒 of the
densities 𝑝𝑝1 and 𝑝𝑝2 with weight (𝑎𝑎, 1 − 𝑎𝑎) is defined by 𝑞𝑞𝑒𝑒 ∝ 𝑝𝑝1𝑎𝑎 𝑝𝑝21−𝑎𝑎 .
Frequentists' model:
【頻度主義のモデル】We assume a probability density function with an
unknown parameter in order to make an inference about a data. The assumed density is
sometimes called frequentists' model in contrast to a Bayesian model.
Kullback-Leibler divergence:【Kullback-Leibler ダイバージェンス】A measure of discrepancy
of two density functions. The Kullback-Leibler divergence from 𝑞𝑞 to 𝑝𝑝 is defined by
KL(𝑞𝑞, 𝑝𝑝) = ∫ 𝑞𝑞 log
𝑞𝑞
𝑝𝑝
. It is asymmetric, i.e., KL(𝑞𝑞, 𝑝𝑝) ≠ KL(𝑝𝑝, 𝑞𝑞).
Likelihood:【尤度】A fundamental quantity in statistics. When a sampling density function
𝑝𝑝(𝑦𝑦; 𝜃𝜃) is assumed for a data 𝑥𝑥, the likelihood is defined as 𝑝𝑝(𝑥𝑥; 𝜃𝜃). This is a measure of how
the statistical model 𝑝𝑝(𝑦𝑦; 𝜃𝜃) fits the data 𝑥𝑥. The well-known maximum likelihood estimator is
derived as the value 𝜃𝜃 maximizing the likelihood 𝑝𝑝(𝑥𝑥; 𝜃𝜃).
Loss function:【損失関数】A criterion by which we assess predictors. We adopt the dual loss
functions, the 𝑒𝑒- and the 𝑚𝑚-divergence loss functions. When estimating the true density
function 𝑝𝑝 = 𝑝𝑝(𝑦𝑦; 𝜃𝜃) by the predictor 𝑞𝑞 = 𝑞𝑞(𝑦𝑦|𝑥𝑥), these are expressed respectively as
KL(𝑞𝑞, 𝑝𝑝) and KL(𝑝𝑝, 𝑞𝑞).
48
𝒎𝒎-mixture:【𝒎𝒎-混合】An "arithmetic" mean of density
functions. The 𝑚𝑚-mixture 𝑞𝑞𝑚𝑚 of the
densities 𝑝𝑝1 and 𝑝𝑝2 with weight (𝑎𝑎, 1 − 𝑎𝑎) is defined by 𝑞𝑞𝑚𝑚 = 𝑎𝑎𝑝𝑝1 + (1 − 𝑎𝑎)𝑝𝑝2 .
function 𝑝𝑝 = 𝑝𝑝(𝑦𝑦; 𝜃𝜃) by the predictor 𝑞𝑞 = 𝑞𝑞(𝑦𝑦|𝑥𝑥), these are expressed respectively as
KL(𝑞𝑞, 𝑝𝑝) and KL(𝑝𝑝, 𝑞𝑞).
𝒎𝒎-mixture:【𝒎𝒎-混合】An "arithmetic" mean of density functions. The 𝑚𝑚-mixture 𝑞𝑞𝑚𝑚 of the
densities 𝑝𝑝1 and 𝑝𝑝2 with weight (𝑎𝑎, 1 − 𝑎𝑎) is defined by 𝑞𝑞𝑚𝑚 = 𝑎𝑎𝑝𝑝1 + (1 − 𝑎𝑎)𝑝𝑝2 .
Model averaging:【モデル平均】Averaging a number of statistical models with a certain weight.
Model averaging is an alternative to the model selection, which is to choose one statistical
model among competing ones.
Prediction problem:【予測問題】Estimating an unknown true density function 𝑝𝑝(𝑦𝑦; 𝜃𝜃) by a
predictor 𝑞𝑞(𝑦𝑦|𝑥𝑥) based on the data 𝑥𝑥. This is a generalization of parameter estimation where
we restrict ourselves within the predictors of the form 𝑝𝑝(𝑦𝑦; 𝜃𝜃�) with 𝜃𝜃� = 𝜃𝜃�(𝑥𝑥) being an
estimator.
Predictor:【予測分布】A density function by which we estimate an unknown true density
function. It is a density function for a random variable 𝑦𝑦 given a data 𝑥𝑥, and is denoted by
𝑞𝑞(𝑦𝑦|𝑥𝑥).
Prior and posterior density functions:【事前および事後密度関数】Probability density
functions corresponding to a prior and a posterior distribution, respectively. In Bayesian
statistics a prior density is assumed to describe our prior belief about an unknown parameter
in a sampling density function. A posterior density, which plays a key role in Bayesian statistics,
is calculated by way of the Bayes theorem.
Shannon entropy:【Shannon エントロピー】A fundamental quantity in information theory. A
measure of randomness of the density function 𝑝𝑝, which is defined by H[𝑝𝑝] = − ∫ 𝑝𝑝 log 𝑝𝑝.
Maximization of the Shannon entropy is employed to derive a sampling density function when
small amount of information is available.
Sampling density function:【標本の密度関数】In both Frequentist' model and Bayesian model
we assume a density function as mechanism behind a data. We call it a sampling density to
distinguish it from a prior density function.
49
Speaker: Michael BLUM
UMR 5525 Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - TIMC - IMAG
Bayesian Principal Component Analysis for detecting genes involved in Darwinian selection
Using large numbers of genomic markers, genome scans can reveal a proportion of loci that deviate from neutral expectations because they contribute to Darwinian selection. This prominent biological process results in
greater fitness of individuals in their local habitats due to natural selection. Understanding the genomic architecture of adaptation in humans is crucial to understand how past selection impacted disease susceptibility
in modern populations. Here, we introduce an original method that seeks for outlier genomic regions using
Bayesian principal component analysis. Bayesian approaches for genome scans have the desirable feature
that they can control for the false discovery rate. Compared to more traditional approaches that are based on
indices of genetic differentiation between populations, Bayesian PCA is fully unsupervised and do not require
populations to be defined in advance. Using simulated data as well as a dataset of worldwide human genetic
variation, we show the potential of Bayesian PCA for performing genome scans.
50
SESSION V
session Field
PHYSICS AND ASTROPHYSICS
session TITLE
SUPERSOLIDITY AND QUANTUM PLASTICITY
51
SESSION V
Physics and Astrophysics
Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Chair: Christophe JOSSERAND
UMR 7190 - Institut Jean d'Alembert
I - Introduction
Superfluids and Bose-Einstein condensates exhibit quantum behavior at macroscopic scale. One of their
striking properties is that their viscosity vanishes under certain conditions and thus that it can flow without
dissipation. Since the half if the 20th centuries, the possibility of such property for solids has been questioned.
Since 2004, this quest for supersolidity has been revived by experimental results on torsional oscillators,
results that have been shown to be misleading recently, since elastic effects explain the experimental signal.
Tracking supersolidity has also led to focus on the specific properties of solid at very low temperature: the
so-called quantum plasticity. The goal of this session is to present this supersolid story.
II - Content of talk
I will introduce and discuss the superfluidity and some striking experiments. Then I will present the specific
challenge of supersolidity. Two different specific session will then discuss recent results on the field.
III - Conclusions
Even if the supersolidity claimed in 2004 appears to be due to other effects, supersolids are now investigated
in many other physical systems.
IV - References
A.F. Andreev and I.M. Lifshitz, Sov. Phys. JETP. 29, 1107 (1969). A.J. Leggett, Phys. Rev. Letters, 25, 1543
(1970). E. Kim and M.H.W. Chan, Nature (London) 427, 225 (2004). S. Sasaki, R. Ishiguro, F. Caupin, H. J. Maris,
S. Balibar, Science 313, 1098 (2006). Glossary if necessary: Bose-Einstein condensate: atomic gases forming
at low temperature a condensate; in that case a macroscopic part of the atoms can be described by the same
quantum state. Superfluid: at very low temperature some fluid (in particular liquid Helium) undergo a transition
under which their viscosity vanishes.
Speaker: Daisuke TAKAHASHI
Ashikaga Institute of Technology
I - Introduction
In the last decade, after the discovery of putative supersolid behaviors in 4He in torsional oscillator (TO) experiments by Kim and Chan [1], lots of efforts have been devoted to uncover their origin. Anomalies of solid 4He
have been found in TO responses, which indicate reduction of rotational inertia, (Nonclassical Rotational Inertia,
NCRI), heat capacity [2], and elastic property with an increase of shear modulus [3]. TO and heat capacity results
strongly support the emergence of macroscopic coherent state similar to superfluid, while the shear modulus is
controversial. The increase in shear modulus is explained well by pinning of dislocations by 3He atoms contained
in solid 4He samples as an impurity[3,4]. Kim and Chan have recently claimed that the NCRI of solid 4He formed in
nanopores of a porous Vycor glass is absent [4]. This reinforces the scenario that the stiffening of solid 4He is the
major cause of NCRI seen in many TO studies, because there seems no dislocation networks in solid formed in
nanopores[4]. In order to elucidate the nature of NCRI, we perform TO measurements for solid 4He, with rotating
52
the whole setup (“DC” rotation). If solid 4He possesses a macroscopic quantum nature, DC rotation can generate
superflow and its quantization, i.e. quantized vortices.
II - Continuous (i.e. DC) Rotating Experiment
When a bucket containing superfluid rotates faster than some critical DC angular velocity, irrotational property
of the superfluid is broken, and the whole superfluid starts to rotate with the bucket because of the formation
of quantized vortex array. The number of vortices increases in proportion to the angular velocity. The existence
of quantized vortex is in general a definite evidence of macroscopic quantum state[6]. Superimposing DC
rotation onto apparatus measuring NCRI or shear modulus may reveal the quantum nature of solid 4He.
We simultaneously measured the resonant frequency of TO and shear modulus of bulk solid helium under DC
rotation with angular velocities between 0 and 4 rad/s. The DC rotation substantially decreases NCRI in annular
solid samples, while no DC rotation effect was seen in shear modulus [7]. This result strongly supports that
any connection between NCRI and shear modulus is indirect. The change in NCRI under DC rotation is possibly
attributed to an appearance of quantized circulation.
III - Evidence of Quantization : Quantum oscillation
We currently study the effect of DC rotation on NCRI of composite of solid
4
He confined in a porous Vycor glass (pore size: 6 nm) and bulk solid 4He.
Depletion of NCRI is observed at much smaller rotation speed than bulk
solid 4He does. The dependence of NCRI on angular velocity Ω has a very
intriguing oscillating structure, in which the oscillation becomes periodic
when NCRI is plotted as a function of Ω−1 (Fig. 1).
This behavior reminds us ”quantum oscillation” phenomena observed in
electrons in metals and semiconductors under magnetic field, such as de
Haas van Alphen effect. The NCRI maxima and minima are periodically located very well. Here, each NCRI maximum or minimum could correspond
to integer quantum number. In order to see the quantization, we number the
NCRI minima 2 to 9. This number is referred to as Quantum Number N. We
plot the locations of minima, ΩMin-1 against N are shown in Fig. 2. The ΩMin-1
is obviously proportional 0 to N. This result is the first clear observation of
quantization phenomenon in solid 4He under DC rotation.
IV - Conclusion
We have found that the TO response (NCRI) of solid 4He is sensitive to
DC rotation, while the shear modulus is not. In composite solid samples
containing porous Vycor we observed for the first time a signature of
quantization phenomenon. This quantization appears as the quantum
oscillation of Ω−1, which is reminiscent of the quantum oscillation in charged fermion systems. Although this oscillation needs further study, it gives a new aspect to physics of solid
matter.
V - References
[1] E. Kim and M. H. W. Chan, Nature 427, 225 (2004); E. Kim and M. H. W. Chan, Science 405, 1941 (2004)
[2] X. Lin, A. C. Clark, and M. H. W. Chan, Nature 449, 1025 (2007)
[3] J. Day and J. Beamish, Nature 450, 853 (2007)
[4] A. Haziot, X. Rojas. A. D. Fefferman, J. R. Beamish, S. Baliber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 035301 (2013)
[5] D. Y. Kim and M. H. W. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 155301 (2012)
[6] “Quantum Liquids” : A. J. Legget, Oxford University Press (2006)
[7] H. Choi, D. Takahashi, K. Kono, and E. Kim, Science 330 (2010); H. Choi, D. Takahashi, W. Choi, K. Kono, and
E. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 105302 (2012); W. Choi,
D. Takahashi, H. Choi, K. Kono, and E. Kim, Phys Rev. B. 86, 174505 (2012)
53
《Supersolidity and quantum plasticity》
Glossary
Dislocation:
【転位】is a linear defect in a crystal structure. Strain onto material induces
the motion of dislocation and therefore atoms around the dislocation are rearranged.
The density of the dislocation mostly determines the stiffness of the metal.
Helium3 (3He):【ヘリウム 3】 is the lightest noble gas. The atom consisting of one
Proton, two Neutrons and electrons is neutral. The natural abundance is 0.00014% of
Helium on the earth.
Helium4 (4He):
【ヘリウム 4】 is the simplest and light noble gas. The atom consisting
of two Neutrons, Protons, and electrons is neutral. Because of its large zero point
motion, Helium will remain liquid to absolute zero at atmosphere pressure. Helium
solidifies above 25 bar below 4 K. Even in the solid phase, the position of atoms is not
well localized at the lattice point by quantum fluctuation effect.
Nanopore:
【ナノ細穴】is a hole the size of 10-9m which is almost 10 times larger than
the atomic scale.
Quantized vortex (vortices) :【量子渦】is a topological defect existing in superfluids
and superconductors. The number of the vortex is quantized, which increases
discretely.
Superflow:【超流動の流れ】is a flow of superfluid.
Superfluid:【超流動】is a zero-viscocity fluid. It can pass through a tiny hole size of
atomic scale. When Helium-4 is cooled down to 4.2 K, the macroscopic phase coherent
state is developed, and then superfluidity appears. This state is considered to be due to
Bose-Einstain condensation of helium atom.
Shear modulus:【せん断弾性率】is a quantity of the stiffness of materials, which is
concerned with the deformation of a solid when the strain applies along parallel to the
surface of the material.
Trsional oscillator:【ねじれ振り子】 is a sort of pendulum.
Schematic view of torsional oscillator is shown in the figure.
Torsion head including sample space is supported the torsion rod.
Torsion head swing back and forth around central axixs by external
force applied on the oscillator. The natural resonant frequency is
, where K is modulus of rigidity of the bob and I is the
rotational inertia of the head.
Vycor glass:
【バイコールガラス】is a typical porous glass in
which nanopores are formed as an interconnected network.
54
Speaker: Christine GUERLIN
Laboratoire Kastler Brossel
I - Introduction
Superfluidity has a very special status within the states of matter: it is indeed a direct manifestation, at a
macroscopic scale, of quantum physics. Usual fluid properties, like “how does it flow”, are deeply modified.
Underlying this global behaviour , the quantum basis is to be found in the microscopic behaviour of its constituents, e.g. atoms: it is when they all behave like a single wave and become indistinguishable that superfluidity arises.
Beyond arising in liquids, like 4He, or gases, superfluidity can also occur in a solid. This is a priori more puzzling: atoms would then be at the same time arranged spatially with a definite pattern, and delocalized over all
the pattern sites. Theoretically predicted in the 70s, quest for experimental observation of this state has been
looked for mainly in solid 4He.
In parallel to “natural” many-body quantum systems such as 4He at low temperature or superconductors, atomic trapping and cooling techniques allow nowadays to engineer artificial many-body systems. Bose-Einstein
condensation, achieved for the first time in 1995, arises when a very dilute atomic gas is cooled down to a
temperature typically lower than 10-6
K: atoms then all condense in the same wavefunction. As seen above, this forms a superfluid, as has been
experimentally shown in particular by observation of vortices [1].
This system has several advantages. Excellent control over the system, combined with a large extension of the
wavefunction, allows direct optical access to it. In addition, parameters become tunable: density, as well as
interaction type and strengths, can be freely engineered. It becomes now possible to “simulate” various many
body problems and phase diagrams. Recently, implementations of supersolidity have been investigated theoretically and experimentally (see e.g. [2] for a recent review), allowing an approach in a sense complementary
to 4He experiments: it opens a window on the microscopic properties of the system and could help clearing
out which of them are crucial for a supersolid to exist.
II - Content of talk
The experiment I will present is realized with a 87Rb Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC). This atomic species has
normally weak interatomic interactions, but effective long-range interactions -needed to for supersolid ground
state to replace the homogeneous ground state can be mediated via interaction with light. This is achieved
byhomogeneous
trapping the BEC
in the
of a small
microns) optical
cavity,
tuned
off-resonance
near an
state
ofcenter
the BEC,
and (180
a self-organized
state
where
atoms
are arranged
onatomic
a
transition
frequency.
While shining
laser on their
the atoms,
we have observed
a cross-over
between of
an the
homocheckerboard
pattern,
while akeeping
superfluidity.
By recording
the shadow
geneous
of the
and acamera,
self-organized
state
whereaccess
atoms both
are arranged
a checkerboard
pattern,
atomicstate
cloud
on BEC,
a CCD
one has
direct
to the on
shape
of the atomic
while
keeping theirand
superfluidity.
By recordingbetween
the shadow
of the atomic
a CCD
camera,
wavefunction
to the coherence
different
patterncloud
sites.on We
were
ableone
to has
direct
access
both
to
the
shape
of
the
atomic
wavefunction
and
to
the
coherence
between
different
pattern
reconstruct the superfluid/supersolid phase diagram in excellent agreement with ab initio
sites.
We were able
to reconstruct
superfluid/supersolid
diagram the
in excellent
with ab
theoretical
calculations
[3]. the
Further
investigationsphase
elucidated
role ofagreement
elementary
4
initio
theoretical
calculations
[3].
Further
investigations
elucidated
the
role
of
elementary
excitations
in this
excitations in this transition [4], in analogy to liquid He.
4
transition [4], in analogy to liquid He.
III – Conclusions
55
This talk will allow to present a different (microscopic) approach to supersolidity, and a
III - Conclusions
This talk will allow to present a different (microscopic) approach to supersolidity, and a glimpse into the world
of cold atom physics, which can form and explore very “pure” quantum states, illustrating elementary quantum behaviours or tackling the edges of our complex systems's understanding.
IV - References
[1] K. Madison, F. Chevy, V. Bretin and J. Dalibar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, p. 4443 (2001)
[2] M. Boninsegni, N.V. Pprokof'ev, Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, P. 759 (2012)
[3] K. Baumann, C. Guerlin, F. Brennecke and T. Esslinger, Nature 464, p. 1301 (2010)
[4] R. Mottl, F. Brennecke, R. Landig, T. Donner,
56
SESSION VI
session Field
LIFE/MEDICAL SCIENCE
session TITLE
PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS/DEFINITIONS
AND TREATMENTS
57
SESSION VI
Life/Medical Science
Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Chair: Véronique DEROCHE-GAMONET
Physiopathology of addiction, Inserm U862, Bordeaux, France
The session deals with two major issues of psychiatry, i.e. definitions of disorders and treatment, the former
impacting the latter, obviously.
Nosography is perpetually revised underlying the difficulty of producing absolute definitions of psychiatric disorders; one of the reasons being that diagnosis criteria are largely subjective.
Dr Takahashi and Mallet present neuroscience tools and methods, which when combined, allow obtaining objective psychobiological signatures of psychiatric disorders. Those signatures guide the choice of reliable targets
and strategies for treatment. Dr Mallet exemplifies how a deeper knowledge of the neurobiology of Obsessive
Compulsive Disorders leads to a rationale therapeutic application of Deep brain stimulation (DBS).
Dr Takahashi also introduces the concept of dimensional transnosographic approach of psychiatric disorders,
echoing the recent Research Domain Criteria project (RDoC) of the NIMH. Distinct psychiatric disorders share
common alterations in some key psychological dimensions, e.g. decision-making. Dr Takahashi shows how studying the neurobiology of impaired decision-making across neuropsychiatric disorders can improve our understanding of this pathological trait and its contribution to the concerned disorders, further specifying their definition.
Finally, using the example of drug addiction, my own contribution will be to discuss why proper definitions of
psychiatric disorders also condition the development of valid preclinical models and hence the identification
of pertinent therapeutic targets, for a reliable translation to humans.
In summary, properly defining psychiatric disorders is neither obvious nor trivial, but instead an important and
timely issue. Cutting-edge neuroscience tools and methods are now available, which create the conditions for
a renewal of biological psychiatry.
I - References
Deroche-Gamonet, V., Belin, D., Piazza, P.V., 2004. Evidence for addiction-like behavior in the rat. Science 305,
1014–1017.
Kasanetz F*, Deroche-Gamonet V*, Berson N, Balado E, Lafourcade M, Manzoni O, Piazza PV. Transition to
addiction is associated with a persistent impairment in synaptic plasticity. Science, 2010, 328(5986):1709-12.
*equal contribution.
Kasanetz F*, Lafourcade M*, Deroche-Gamonet V*, Revest JM, Berson N, Balado E, Fiancette JF, Renault P,
Piazza PV, Manzoni OJ. Prefrontal synaptic markers of cocaine addiction-like behavior in rats. Mol Psychiatry,
2013, 18(6):729-737. *equal contribution.
Cannella N, Halbout B, Uhrig S, Evrard L, Corsi M, Corti C, Deroche-Gamonet V, Hansson AC, Spanagel R. The
mGluR2/3 agonist LY379268 induced anti-reinstatement effects in rats exhibiting addiction-like behavior.
Neuropsychopharmacology, 2013, Apr 29. doi: 10.1038/npp.2013.106.
Belin D, Berson N, Balado E, Piazza PV, Deroche-Gamonet V. High-novelty-preference rats are predisposed to
compulsive cocaine self-administration. Neuropsychopharmacology, 2011, 36(3):569-79.
Belin D, Balado E, Piazza PV, Deroche-Gamonet V. Pattern of Intake and Drug Craving Predict the Development
of Cocaine Addiction-like Behavior in Rats. Biol Psychiatry, 2009, 65(10): 863-8.
58
II - Glossary of the session
• Addiction: Addiction is the continued repetition of a behavior despite adverse consequences, or a psychiatric
disorder leading to such behaviors. Addictions can include drugs of abuse, food, sex, internet and gambling.
• ADHD: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric disorder. Typical symptoms of ADHD
are difficulty in sustaining attention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior.
• Behavioral economics: The field of economics that studies the effects of social, cognitive, and emotional
factors on the economic decisions of individuals.
• Biological psychiatry: It is a school of psychiatric thought aims to understand mental disorders in terms of
the biological function of the nervous system. Its detractors blame it for emphasizing the relationship between
behavior and brain function, for searching exclusively for physical causes to mental illnesses and for focusing
the treatment of mental disorders on medication.
• Functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI): A noninvasive method for imaging brain activity that uses
imaging pulse sequences generated by an MRI scanner. The signal measured is caused by hemoglobin-based
changes.
• Neuroeconomics: Neuroeconomics is an interdisciplinary field that combines research methods from neuroscience, experimental and behavioral economics, and cognitive and social psychology to explain human
decision making.
• Neurotransmitter: Communication between neurons is achieved through release of small molecules called
neurotransmitters from the pre-synaptic neuron. This chemical signal diffuses across a synaptic cleft to interact with specific receptors on the post-synaptic neuron in order to elicit a biochemical response.
• Neurotransmitter receptors: A receptor is a molecule usually found on the surface of a neuron that receives
chemical signals from pre-synaptic neurons.
• Neurotransmitter transporters: A transporter located on the pre-synaptic neuron terminal reuptakes released neurotransmitter and terminates synaptic transmission.
• NIMH: “National Institute of Mental Health is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a component of
the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The NIMH Intramural division plans and conducts basic,
clinical, and translational research to advance understanding of the diagnosis, causes, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders through the study of brain function and behavior.” (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/index.
shtml).
• Nosography: Nosography is the systematic description of diseases. DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
of Mental Disorders – American Psychiatric Association) and ICD (International Classification of Diseases –
World Health Organization) are the two main classifications describing psychiatric disorders based on series
of symptoms. “For each disorder, a set of diagnostic criteria indicate what symptoms must be present (and for
how long), as well as symptoms, disorders, and conditions that must not be present to qualify for a particular
diagnosis” (DSM, http://www.psych.org/practice/dsm).
• Positron emission tomography (PET): PET involves the use of an imaging device (PET scanner) and a radiotracer that is injected into the patient’s bloodstream. Once the radiotracer accumulates in the body’s tissues
and organs, its natural decay includes emission of positrons that react with electrons in the body. This reaction
produces energy in the form of a pair of photons. The PET scanner, which is able to detect these photons, creates
three-dimensional images that show how the radiotracer is distributed in the area of the body being studied.
• Research Domain Criteria (RDoC): “Strategy 1.4 of the NIMH Strategic Plan calls for the development, for
research purposes, of new ways of classifying psychopathology based on dimensions of observable behavior
and neurobiological measures. The Research Domain Criteria project (RDoC) has been launched by NIMH to
59
implement this strategy. In brief, the effort is to define basic dimensions of functioning (such as fear circuitry
or working memory) to be studied across multiple units of analysis, from genes to neural circuits to behaviors,
cutting across disorders as traditionally defined. The intent is to translate rapid progress in basic neurobiological and behavioral research to an improved integrative understanding of psychopathology and the development of new and/or optimally matched treatments for mental disorders.”
(http://www.nimh.nih.gov/research-priorities/rdoc/index.shtml).
• Synapse: In the nervous system, a synapse is a structure that permits a neuron to pass an electrical or
chemical signal to another neuron.
• Transnosographic: From nosography. It means “common to distinct diseases”. It is applied to describe
psychological traits, symptoms, research strategies (e.g. RDoC).
Speaker: Hidehiko TAKAHASHI
Kyoto University
Understanding and defining phenotype of psychiatric disorders.
I - Department of Psychiatry, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine
Dysfunction of emotions and decision-making can be observed in various forms of psychiatric disorders.
However, assessment and diagnosis of psychiatric disorders has been based on self-report or superficial
observation of patients’ behaviors. The topics about emotion and decision-making have been traditionally
dealt with various discipline including humanities and social sciences. With the dissemination of non-invasive
human neuroimaging techniques and the advancement of cognitive science and computational sciences,
neuroscience studies focusing on emotions and decision-making have become established as a file of social
neuroscience and computational neurosciences. The emerging fields of neuroscience will greatly contribute
to clinical psychiatry. I will introduce our recent interdisciplinary neuroscience approach combining neuroimaging techniques (functional MRI; fMRI and positron emission tomography: PET), cognitive sciences, economics,
pharmacology and engineering to assees, define and understand altered decision-making in neuropsychiatric
disorders. An interdisciplinary approach will provide new perspectives for understanding the neurobiology of
impaired decision-making in neuropsychiatric disorders and their drug development.
II - References
Yamada M, Uddin LQ, Takahashi H, Kimura Y, Takahata K, Kousa R, Ikoma Y, Eguchi Y, Takano H, Ito H, Higuchi
M, Suhara T. Superiority illusion arises from resting-state brain networks modulated by dopamine. Proc Natl
Acad Sci U S A. (2013) 110(11):4363-7.
Takahashi H. Monoamines and assessment of risks. Curr Opin Neurobiol (2012)22(6):1062-7
Takahashi H, Takano H, Camerer C, Ideno T, Okubo S, Matsui H, Tamari Y, Takemura K, Arakawa R, Yamada M,
Eguchi Y, Murai T, Okubo Y, Kato M, Ito H, Suhara T. Honesty mediates the relationship between serotonin and
reaction to unfairness. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A (2012) 109(11):4281-4284
Takahashi H, Fujie S, Camerer C, Arakawa R, Takano H, Kodaka F, Matsui H, Ideno T, Okubo S, Takemura K,
Yamada M, Eguchi Y, Murai T, Okubo Y, Kato M, Ito H, Suhara T. Norepinephrine in the brain is associated with
aversion to financial loss. Mol Psychiatry (2013) 18:3-4
Takahashi H, Matsui H, Camerer CF, Takano H, Kodaka F, Ideno T, S Okubo S, Takemura K, Arakawa R, Eguchi Y,
Murai T, Okubo Y, Kato M, Ito H, Suhara T. Dopamine D1 receptors and nonlinear probability weighting in risky
choice. J Neurosci (2010) 30(49):16567-16572.
Takahashi H, Kato M, Matsuura M, Mobbs D, Suhara T, Okubo Y: When Your Gain is my Pain and Your Pain is
my Gain: Neural Correlates of Envy and Schadenfreude. Science (2009) 323: 937-939
60
《Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments》
Glossary
Addiction【依存】: Addiction is the continued repetition of a behavior despite adverse
consequences, or a psychiatric disorder leading to such behaviors. Addictions can
include addiction, food, sex, internet and gambling.
ADHD【注意欠陥多動性障害】: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a
psychiatric disorder. Typical symptoms of ADHD are difficulty in sustaining attention,
hyperactivity and impulsive behavior.
Behavioral economics【行動経済学】: The field of economics that studies the effects of
social, cognitive, and emotional factors on the economic decisions of individuals.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) 【機能的MRI】: A noninvasive method
for imaging brain activity that uses imaging pulse sequences generated by an MRI
scanner. The signal measured is caused by hemoglobin-based changes.
Neuroeconomics【神経経済学】: Neuroeconomics is an interdisciplinary field that
combines research methods from neuroscience, experimental and behavioral
economics, and cognitive and social psychology to explain human decision making.
Neurotransmitter【神経伝達物質】: Communication between neurons is achieved
through release of small molecules called neurotransmitters from the pre-synaptic
neuron. This chemical signal diffuses across a synaptic cleft to interact with specific
receptors on the post-synaptic neuron in order to elicit a biochemical response.
Neurotransmitter receptors【神経伝達物質受容体】: A receptor is a molecule usually
found on the surface of a neuron that receives chemical signals from pre-synaptic
neurons.
Neurotransmitter transporters 【神経伝達物質トランスポーター】 : A transporter
located on the pre-synaptic neuron terminal reuptakes released neurotransmitter and
terminates synaptic transmission.
Positron emission tomography (PET) 【陽電子放射断層撮影】 :PET involves the use of
an imaging device (PET scanner) and a radiotracer that is injected into the patient’s
bloodstream. Once the radiotracer accumulates in the body’s tissues and organs, its
natural decay includes emission of positrons that react with electrons in the body. This
reaction produces energy in the form of a pair of photons. The PET scanner, which is
able to detect these photons, creates three-dimensional images that show how the
radiotracer is distributed in the area of the body being studied.
Synapse【シナプス】: In the nervous system, a synapse is a structure that permits a
neuron to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron.
61
Speaker: Luc Mallet
ICM – Brain & Spine Institute Paris
I - Introduction
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is able to target with precision specific cerebral networks, thus offering hope for
severe and treatment refractory illnesses, as well as to investigate in the detail the subcortical bases.
II - Content of talk
In obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), DBS is being tested at several nodes of a prefrontal¬subcortical
circuit, including the subthalamic nucleus (STN). Functional imaging studies of OCD patients have shown
abnormal metabolic activity of the orbito-frontal and cingulate cortices, as well as of the anterior part of the
striatum. In animal and human studies, these structures have been associated with performance-monitoring
and more generally metacognitive processes, thus suggesting that metacognitive dysfunctions might be central to OCD leading to pathological doubt. In this conceptual framework of hyperactive distrust metacognitive
mechanism in OCD, checking behaviour can be regarded as an ill-founded metacognitive strategy designed
to restore confidence in the outcome of one’s actions. Within the basal ganglia network, the STN could act a
crucial part in this process regarding its role in the inhibitory control of behaviour. Moreover, anatomy and neuro-computational models of the basal ganglia show that this nucleus is in the position to implement cortical
metacognitive control by increasing the threshold for decision.
III - Conclusions
This framework has the advantage of providing a theoretical basis to the promising clinical results obtained
for STN-DBS in severe resistant OCD. Bearing in mind this model, it can be postulated that DBS, by its action
on STN, positively interferes with the neural mechanism underlying compulsive behaviour.
IV - References
Baunez, C., Yelnik, J., & Mallet, L. (2011). Six questions on the subthalamic nucleus: lessons from animal
models and from stimulated patients. Neuroscience, 198, 193–204. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2011.09.059
Burbaud, P., Clair, A.-H., Langbour, N., Fernandez-Vidal, S., Goillandeau, M., Michelet, T., et al. (2013). Neuronal
activity correlated with checking behaviour in the subthalamic nucleus of patients with obsessive-compulsive
disorder. Brain, 136(Pt 1), 304–317. doi:10.1093/brain/aws306
Chamberlain, S. R., Menzies, L., Hampshire, A., Suckling, J., Fineberg, N. A., del Campo, N., et al. (2008). Orbitofrontal dysfunction in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and their unaffected relatives. Science,
321(5887), 421–422. doi:10.1126/science.1154433
Clair, A. H., N'Diaye, K., Baroukh, T., Pochon, J. B., MOrgiève, M., Hantouche, E., et al. (2012). Excessive checking for non-anxiogenic stimuli in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
European Psychiatry, 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2012.11.003
Figee, M., Luigjes, J., Smolders, R., Valencia-Alfonso, C.-E., van Wingen, G., de Kwaasteniet, B., et al. (2013).
Deep brain stimulation restores frontostriatal network activity in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Nature Publishing Group, 16(4), 386–387. doi:10.1038/nn.3344
Haynes, W. I. A., & Mallet, L. (2010). High-frequency stimulation of deep brain structures in obsessive-compulsive disorder: the search for a valid circuit. European Journal of Neuroscience, 32(7), 1118–1127. doi:10.1111/
j.1460-9568.2010.07418.x
Hermans, D., Engelen, U., Grouwels, L., Joos, E., Lemmens, J., & Pieters, G. (2008). Cognitive confidence in
obsessive-compulsive disorder: distrusting perception, attention and memory. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46(1), 98–113. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2007.11.001
Le Jeune, F., Vérin, M., N'Diaye, K., Drapier, D., Leray, E., Montcel, Du, S. T., et al. (2010). Decrease of prefrontal
metabolism after subthalamic stimulation in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a positron emission tomography
study. Biol Psychiatry, 68(11), 1016–1022.
Mallet, L., Polosan, M., Jaafari, N., Baup, N., Welter, M. L., Fontaine, D., et al. (2008). Subthalamic nucleus
62
stimulation in severe obsessive-compulsive disorder. New England Journal of Medicine, 359(20), 2121–2134.
doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0708514
Mallet, L., Schupbach, M., N'Diaye, K., Remy, P., Bardinet, E., Czernecki, V., et al. (2007). Stimulation of subterritories of the subthalamic nucleus reveals its role in the integration of the emotional and motor aspects of
behavior. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104(25), 10661–10666.
Welter, M. L., Burbaud, P., Fernandez-Vidal, S., Bardinet, E., Coste, J., Piallat, B., et al. (2011). Basal ganglia
dysfunction in OCD: subthalamic neuronal activity correlates with symptoms severity and predicts high-frequency stimulation efficacy. Transl Psychiatry, 1, e5. doi:10.1038/tp.2011.5
V - Glossary:
• Basal ganglia: group of subcortical grey nuclei located in the depth of the cerebral hemispheres, interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus and brainstem, and associated with a variety of functions: motor
control, cognition, emotions, and learning.
• Deep Brain Stimulation: DBS consists of stereotactic implantation of electrodes in deep brain structures.
The electrodes are connected by a sub-cutaneous cable to an implantable electric stimulator enabling the
application of high frequency (80-180Hz) current to the target structure. The effect of the stimulation is reversible and the various stimulation parameters (frequency, pulse width and voltage) are adjusted in order to
obtain the best possible results in the absence of undesirable side-effects and low morbidity.
• Metacognitive monitoring: the ability to evaluate one’s own cognitive functions.
• Obsessive-Compulsive disorder: anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and/or repetitive behaviors (compulsions). Repetitive behaviors such as handwashing, counting, checking, or cleaning are often performed with the hope of preventing obsessive thoughts or making them go
away. Performing these so-called "rituals," however, provides only temporary relief, and not performing them
markedly increases anxiety.
• Stereotaxis: relating to or denoting techniques for surgical treatment or scientific investigation that uses
medical imaging to precisely locate in three dimensions an anatomical site to which a surgical instrument or
a beam of radiation is directed.
63
SESSION VII
session Field
SOCIAL SCIENCES/HUMANITIES
session TITLE
HAPPINESS
65
SESSION VII
Social Sciences/Humanities
Happiness
Chair: Claire ETCHEGARAY
Institut de Recherches Philosophiques (Université Paris 10)
I - Introduction
A basic contradiction lies at the core of philosophical research on happiness: on the one hand, this notion is
indeterminate and on the other hand, it is indispensable. Admittedly, happiness stems from perfect satisfaction. But none of the particular desired objects could ever afford such satisfaction, termed in French “bonheur”, because this means complete well-being. Thus, we first recall the paradox of satisfaction with which
any hedonism is faced. Satisfaction is temporary (if not precarious) because the desire itself seems to be
renewed by pleasure or well-being. This is further complicated by the fact that what is satisfying in one way
can be dissatisfying in another way. Nevertheless, happiness seems to be an indispensable concept for the
theory of action. However incomplete the pursuit of happiness may be, it is taken for granted that an action
is motivated by some intended good. Whatever this good, does it not bring happiness itself? But equating
goodness with happiness is problematic too. One argument against it might be that moral goodness must be
defined independently of any consideration of happiness. However even Kant, the most famous figure in the
history of philosophy, who defended strong deontologism, did not deny that a virtuous man must believe that
he deserves happiness and so believe in the possibility of post-mortem recompense if there is a just Almighty.
II - Content of talk
This leads to different lines of enquiry in the philosophy of action and in moral philosophy. Taking moral philosophy first, we shall recall the debate between the deontological point of view and consequentialism1. One version
of the latter is utilitarianism, i.e. the defence of utility maximization as a practical criterion. Yet recently, other
options have been explored. “Virtue Ethics” argues that the moral end is neither acting out of moral duty, nor
acting in order to obtain the greatest good (be it pleasure or profit, personal or collective), but that personal perfection which is an achievement of humanity in each self. The definition of happiness changes with these options.
It is an imaginary reward motivating action but not virtue itself for the deontologist, an optimised benefit for the
utilitarian, well-being as the realisation of the nature or the capacities of an agent for the philosopher promoting
virtue ethics. In France, we have recently seen the defence of so-called “minimalist ethics” as a way of saving
moral philosophy from its tendency (in the Western tradition) to be paternalistic. In such a view, morality does not
consist in making oneself or others happy, but only in avoiding harming others (Ogien, 2007).
In all these approaches, researchers draw on the history of philosophy. Thus, one challenge presented by the
readings of Aristotle in “Virtue Ethics” is to conceptualise the good life without subscribing to a straightforward
and naïve naturalism. Another example can be found in the interpretation of Scottish philosophers (like Hutcheson, Hume and Smith), or the classical utilitarians (Bentham and Stuart Mill) in order to conceive of calculating
good in a purely instrumental way.
Secondly, we shall turn to the question “how do we look for happiness?”. In part, the philosophy of action aims
at questioning the rationality of deliberation, decision and action. But in addition, any current philosophical theory
of action must include some theory of “weakness of the will” (akrasia in greek), i.e. it must account for the fact
that sometimes, however desirable an action may be for us (even more desirable than any other in given circumstances) and however much we may believe that this is the action that we must perform, we do not do it.
1
Consequentialism and its Critics, dir. Samuel Schaeffer, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1988
66
III - Conclusions
Finally, we shall consider two philosophical approaches that cross into other sciences and question notions
of welfare and quality of life. In the philosophy of medicine, there is a certain French focus on the relationship
between welfare and health, as well as on issues of biotechnological enhancement (Nordenfelt, 2001). In political philosophy, the “capabilities approach” claims that we need to seek institutional guarantees of the material
conditions necessary for the development of human capabilities as the basis for some principles of justice, rather
than founding the theory of just governance on subjective welfarism or on objective utilitarian measures of happiness (PIB, income, etc.) (Sen, 2009 and Nussbaum, 2011).
IV - References
Lennart Nordenfelt, « On the Goals of Medicine, Health Enhancement and Social Welfare », in Health Care Analyses, 9, 1, 2001, pp. 15-23 ; Action, Ability and Health. Essays in the Philosophy of Action and Welfare, Dordrecht,
Kluwer Academic Publisher, 2000, Fr. tr. of « Ability and Health » by Denis Forest and Marion Le Bidan in Textes
clés de philosophie de la médecine, Paris, Vrin, 2012
Martha Nussbaum, Creating Capabilities. The Human Development Approach, Cambridge MA, Harvard University
Press, 2011, Fr. tr. Capabilités. Comment créer les conditions d’un monde plus juste ?, Paris, Flammarion, 2012
Ruwen Ogien, L’éthique aujourd’hui. Maximalistes et minimalistes, Paris, Gallimard, 2007
Amartya Sen, The Idea of Justice, London, Penguin, 2009, Fr. tr. L’idée de justice, Paris, Champs Essais, 2010
V - Glossary
• Consequentialism: a theory holding that any action is evaluated according to the results, and not to the
nature, of the act or to the intention behind the act. One kind of consequentialism holds that the value of an
action depends on the satisfaction procured by its results.
• Deontologism: a theory holding that the value of any action is that it performs or intends to perform what it
has to perform according to any rational law or moral duty (worthing independently to any sensible pleasure
or particular interest). In the history of philosophy, Immanuel Kant is the major figure in this approach.
• Hedonism: theory holding that the value of action is pleasure, or some kind of pleasure which is more
constant, or less complicated by pain. In the history of philosophy, Epicurus is the major figure in this ethics.
• Utilitarianism: theory holding that the value of action is to maximize utility and thence happiness. As such,
it does not only prescribe an ethics of pleasure (implying the regulation of pleasure) but also a rational calculation of the way to reach “the greatest good for the greatest number”. It is a kind of consequentialism.
• Welfarism: 1/ In moral philosophy, a theory which argues that the justificatory force of any moral reason is
that it procures well-being, 2/ In social sciences and economics, any approach holding that social well-being
is a political goal to be determined taking into account the expression of individual preferences.
• Capabilities approach: a theory, mainly held by Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, that any social and
political conception of justice must stem from reflection on the quality of life. Sen and Nussbaum denounce
welfarism (in sense 2/), pointing out that painful conditions of life can lead to an adaptation of individual
desires and preferences such that declarations of self-satisfaction can be in disaccordance with the actual
quality of life. According to them, the economics of development need to define some fundamental conditions
of the human good life, that is, define the conditions in which human capabilities can be developed.
67
Speaker: Maya BACACHE-BEAUVALLET
Professor, economics, Telecom ParisTech
I - Introduction
The economics of happiness or happiness economics is a challenging and emerging field of research. Economists traditionally focused on objective and measurable concepts such as well being, income, wealth, health,
etc. Since the late nineties economists (Easterlin, Frey, Oswald) have combined sociology, psychology and
cognitive sciences’ inputs and tried to tackle the subjective issue of happiness. The field has grown and used
advanced methods to measure happiness.
II - Content of talk
The main problem is to measure such a subjective concept: it is difficult to compare levels of happiness across
individuals and across culture. However, despite this methodological difficulty, economists have demonstrated
consistent patterns across time and countries. We shall review those patterns
The economics of happiness tries to resolve puzzles such as: the increasing income and yet non increasing
happiness, the objective and positive effects of globalization and yet increased unhappiness linked to globalization, etc. This approach has also shed light on irrational behavior such as addictive behavior or excessive
consumption.
III - References
Alesina, A., Di Tella, R. and MacCulloch, R. (2004). “Inequality and happiness: Are Europeans and Americans
different?”. Journal of Public Economics, 88, 2009–2042.
Alpizar, F., Carlsson, F. and Johansson-Stenman, O. (2005). "How much do we care about absolute versus
relative income and consumption?". Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 56, 405-421.
Blanchflower, D.G. et Oswald, A.J. (2004). “Well-being over time in Britain and the USA”. Journal of Public
Economics, 88, 1359-1386.
Clark, A.E., Etilé, F., Postel-Vinay, F., Senik, C., et Van der Straeten, K. (2005). Heterogeneity in reported wellbeing: Evidence from twelve European countries. Economic Journal, 115, C118-C132.
Di Tella, R. et MacCulloch, R. (2006). Some uses of happiness data in economics. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20, 25-46.
Di Tella, R. MacCulloch, R. et Oswald, A.J. (2003). The macroeconomics of happiness. Review of Economics
and Statistics, 85, 809–827.
Easterlin R., 1974, « Does Economic Growth Improve the Human Lot ? Some Empirical Evidence », in P.A. David
et M.W. Reder, eds, Nations et Households in Economic Growth, p 89-125, New-York, Academic Press.
Easterlin R., 2001, « Income et Happiness : Towards a Unified Theory », The Economic Journal, 111, 465-484.
Easterlin, Richard A. (2003). “Explaining Happiness”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol.
100, No. 19, September 16.
Kahneman, D. et Krueger, A.B. (2006). Developments in the measurement of subjective wellbeing. Journal of
Economic Perspectives, 22, 3-24.
Kahneman, Daniel, Ed Diener, and Norbert Schwarz (1999). Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (New York: Russell Sage).
Oswald, Andrew (1997). “Happiness and Economic Performance” . The Economic Journal, Vol. 107, No. 445,
pp.1815–31.
68
Speaker: Takashi KURATA
The Research Institute for Humanity and Nature
I - Introduction
What is the "happiness" for us who live in the modern society? In order to answer this question, I would like
to think our personal happiness in consideration of the characteristic points of the present age, especially
thinking how we regard the global environmental issues for our society. Almost five decades already passed,
since such issues became to be shared socially. In the meantime, focusing on their social position there has
been some turning points in a cycle of about 20 years. We can consider the first two decades (1970s-80s) as
the 1st generation, the second (1990s-2000s) as the 2nd generation and now, namely the 20 years beginning
from 2010 as the 3rd generation. This classification does not just depend on counting years, but corresponds
with the change of subjective impression or consciousness of the environmental issues for our society Roughly
saying, we can characterize using simple keyword's, them for the 1st generation as COUNTER, for the 2nd as
TREND and for the 3rd as NORMAL.
II - 1st Generation and 2nd Generation
The 1st generation was the time of counter culture. The environmental pollution by industrialization and the
destruction of nature by development getting more and more serious, the problem in the global level began
to attract social interest in the beginning of 1970s. At that time, economic activities including urbanization
were severely criticized as opposition to environmental protection. Indeed there was a rise of environmental
awareness but it had a tendency to anti-power and anti-establishment and was never mainstream. The people
who had an environmental intention were minority in the society to the last. While the enthusiastic minority
sought after the lifestyle harmonized with nature in the 1st generation, being conscious of the environment
no longer had any anti-power meaning but became to be main stream or trend in the 2nd generation Global
environmental issues achieved the position of main topics for politics and the consideration for them from
industries to families The people with ecological mind lived not in the countryside but in the urban area. The
environmental protection seemed to get reconciled with economic activities, as it was symbolized in the case
of hybrid cars.
What can these generations be considered as the theme of subjectivity? The environmental consciousness
is essentially contrary to the economic activity, because the latter seeks for its own benefit in principle, while
the former fundamentally tries to benefit the others, namely the other people we unconsciously oppress in
daily consumption or the other nature which is different from humankinds. Here is the opposition between
self-interest or egoism and altruism, which is essential criteria for the subjective decision of behavior. The 1st
generation tried to oppose to the selfish economic activity, and aimed at altruism. Although it seems that the
2nd generation succeeded in the mediation between the both sides, it exactly realized the complacency for
the trend-oriented selfish desire. Such divided situation in the mind of the 2nd generation people might have
promoted the absence of the subjectivity as a result.
III - 3rd Generation
Félix Guattari's "Les trois écologies (the three ecologies)" (1989) is small but important in that it suggests the
direction of the 3rd generation. In Guattari’s view, we need to take account not just of the conventional kind of
ecology, the "environmental ecology", for natural environment but of the "social ecology" and also the "mental
ecology" in order to conquer the ecological unbalance with which our modern society is faced, and to establish
the new sort of knowledge, "eco sophie", which should connect these three ecologies.
The three ecologies presented by Guattari could be applied to the three generations mentioned above. The 1st
generation as COUNTER sometimes turned the back to human society, and intended to be just within nature
so that it might be seen in the case of deep ecology. In this point, this generation can be said to solely look for
the "environmental ecology". On the other hand, although being a shallow style as TREND, the 2nd generation
widely intended the "social ecology", in the respect that it has been aiming at sharing the environmental
problem with the society as a whole. In this context, such task will be referred to the 3rd generation as how
69
to be able to introduce the "mental ecology" into the environmental arguments. After passing through two
contrastive generations, the 3rd aims at the new way of subjective behavior. It is NORMAL.
IV -Conclusion
NORMAL is an integration, a sublation or a moderation of the former two generations, because the environmental consciousness remains for our whole society as the 2nd, and tries to be much deeper than just one item
of TREND, looking for a real social change.
In considering the subjectivity of this generation, I would like to take up here the thought of the “Mingei”, the
Japanese Folk Crafts movement since the beginning of 20th century, which has been prevailing again among
Japanese people, especially young generation of designers or artists since around 2000. What Mingei aims
at is “the mediocre, the ordinary, the plural, the public and the common world nobody monopolizes” (YANAGI
1941). It’s easy to grasp a resonance between Mingei and the 3rd generation mentioned here. But the point is
that there is, behind this resonance, some desire for a sensitivity of the importance of our normal daily life. I
would like to name such sensitivity “intimateness” with one’s own life and society and to consider that creating and sharing this intimateness is the happiness for our generation.
V - References
Félix GUATTARI, “Les trois écologies“, Paris, 1989.
Muneyoshi YANAGI, “Mingei towa nanika (What is Mingei?)”, Tokyo, 1941.
70
《Happiness》
Glossary
Altruism:【利他主義】is the principle or practice of concern for the welfare of others.
Capabilities approach:a theory, mainly held by Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum,
that any social and political conception of justice must stem from reflection on the
quality of life. Sen and Nussbaum denounce welfarism (in sense 2/), pointing out that
painful conditions of life can lead to an adaptation of individual desires and preferences
such that declarations of self-satisfaction can be in disaccordance with the actual
quality of life. According to them, the economics of development need to define some
fundamental conditions of the human good life, that is, define the conditions in which
human capabilities can be developed.
Consequentialism : a theory holding that any action is evaluated according to the
results, and not to the nature, of the act or to the intention behind the act. One kind of
consequentialism holds that the value of an action depends on the satisfaction
procured by its results.
Deep ecology :【 デ ィ ー プ ・ エ コ ロ ジ ー 】 is a contemporary ecological and
environmental philosophy characterized by its advocacy of the inherent worth of living
beings regardless of their instrumental utility to human needs. It aims at radical
restructure of modern human societies, based on the idea of fundamental criticism on
humanism.
Deontologism : a theory holding that the value of any action is that it performs or
intends to perform what it has to perform according to any rational law or moral duty
(worthing independently to any sensible pleasure or particular interest). In the history
of philosophy, Immanuel Kant is the major figure in this approach.
Ecosophie:
【エコソフィ・環境知】("ecosophy" in English) is neologism focusing on the
new type of knowledge, formed by contracting the phrase ecological philosophy. The
most famous examples are that of the Norwegian father of deep ecology, Arne Næss
(1912-2009), and that of French postmodern philosopher and psychoanalyst, Félix
Guattari (1930-1992).
71
Egoism:
【利己主義】is placing concern with oneself or one’s owan interests above the
well-being or interests of others.
Hedonism: theory holding that the value of action is pleasure, or some kind of
pleasure which is more constant, or less complicated by pain. In the history of
philosophy, Epicurus is the major figure in this ethics.
Mingei:【民藝】(Min "folk" + gei "craft" in Japanese) is the Japanese folk crafts
movement, which was developed by Japanese philosopher, Muneyoshi Yanagi
(1889-1961) and his sworm friends in the beginning of 20th century in Japan. The
philosophical pillar of Mingei is reevaluation of hand-crafted art for ordinary people
and complete reform of daily lifestyle in modern societies.
Moderation:
【中庸】is a principle of life, eliminating or lessing extremes and ensuring
normality.
Normal:【ふつう】is the one of key concepts for modern product design. Japanese
product designer, Naoto Fukazawa, who was installed in the position of director of
Nihon Mingei-kan (the Japan Folk Crafts Museum) in 2012, selected the typical items
for modern daily life with English product and furniture designer, Jasper Morrison, and
exhibited them under the name "Super-Normal" in 2006.
Subjectivity:
【主体性】is a term used to refer to the condition of being a subject : i.e.,
the quality of a subject’s perspective, experiences, feelings, beliefs, and desires.
Subjectivity is used as an explanation for what influences and informs people’s
judgments about truth ore rality.
Sublation:
【止揚】is a translation of German term "Aufheben" or "Aufhebung", which
has several seemingly contradictory meanings, including "to lift up", "to abolish", or "to
sublate". Especially in philosophy, aufheben is used by Hegel to explain what happens
when a thesis and antithesis interact.
72
Curriculum vitÆ
73
First Name Dmitry
Last Name ALDAKOV
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 5819 Structure et Propriétés des Architectures
Moléculaires (SPrAM)
Address CEA-Grenoble INAC/SPrAM - 17 rue des Martyrs 38054
Grenoble cedex 9
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 6 14 04 25 68
Fax + 33 4 38 78 56 91
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://inac.cea.fr/Pisp/dmitry.aldakov/
Participant category General Participant
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
Research field Solar cells, quantum dots, nanocrystals
Statement of your research interests
I develop solar cells of 3rd generation, which use inorganic quantum dots as light absorbers. More precisely, I am interested in development of non-toxic quantum dots and their attachment to the nanostructured
electrodes. For this I develop new surface functionnalisation methods as well as new electrodes, QD surface
passivation methods etc for more efficient solar cells.
Recent most important publications
1. C. Chappaz-Gillot, S. Berson, R. Salazar, B. Lechêne, D. Aldakov, V. Delaye, S. Guillerez, and V. Ivanova "Polymer Solar Cells with Electrodeposited CuSCN Nanowires as New Efficient Hole Transporting Layer" Sol. Energy
Mater. Sol. Cells, 2013, in press.
2. D. Aldakov, A. Lefrançois, and P. Reiss "Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals : synthesis, properties and applications" J. Mater. Chem. C, 2013, 1, 3756.
3. S. Sanchez, D. Aldakov, D. Rouchon, L. Rapenne, A. Delamoreanu, C. Lévy-Clément, and V. Ivanova "Sensitization of ZnO nanowire arrays with CuInS2 for extremely thin absorber solar cells" J. Renew. Sustain. Energy,
2013, 5, 011207.
4. D. Aldakov, D. Tondelier, S. Palacin, and Y. Bonnassieux "Ethanol-mediated metal transfer printing on organic films" ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2011, 3, 740–5
5. D. Aldakov, T. Jiu, M. Zagorska, R. de Bettignies, P.-H. Jouneau, A. Pron, and F. Chandezon "Hybrid nanocomposites of CdSe nanocrystals distributed in complexing thiophene-based copolymers" Phys. Chem. Chem.
Phys., 2010, 12, 7497–505.
Poster title Solar cells using quantum dots as light absorbers
Poster abstract Novel non-toxic quantum dots (QDs) based on copper indium sulfide are used as light
absorbers (sensitizers) in solar cells. The QDs are attached to the nanostructured TiO2 electrode or to ZnO
nanowires by using recently patented linker molecules.We will discuss the influence of the surface and morphology of the components of the solar cells of this type on their performance.
74
First Name Christophe
Last Name AMBROISE
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory UMR CNRS 8071 Statistique et Génome
Address Institut de biologie génétique et bio-informatique
23 Boulevard de France, 91037 Evry cedex
Institution Université d’Evry Val d’Essonne
Tel 33 6 70 76 82 60
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://stat.genopole.cnrs.fr/~cambroise/
Participant category PGM
Session field Mathematics/Informatics
Session title Bayesian Statistics
Research field Statistics, Machine learning, mixture models, sparse regression, bio-informatics
Statement of your research interests
My research work is mainly concerned with supervised and unsupervised learning based on probabilistic
models - Methods: mixture models, additive models, Gaussian Graphical Models
Considered problems: clustering, network inference, association studies
Applications: transcriptome analysis, regulation network inference, statistical genetics
Recent most important publications
1. New consistent and asymptotically normal parameter estimates for random graph mixture models Ambroise, C. and Matias, C. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B Vol. 74 No. 1 pp. 3-35 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/
2. SHIPS: Spectral Hierarchical Clustering for the Inference of Population Structure in Genetic Studies Bouaziz,
M. and Paccard, C. and Guedj, M. and Ambroise, C. PloS One Vol. 7 No. 10 pp. e45685
3. Variational Bayesian Inference and Complexity Control for Stochastic Block Models Latouche, P. and Birmelé, E. and Ambroise, C. Statistical Modelling Vol. 12 No. 1 pp. 93-115 http://arxiv.org/abs/0912.2873v2
75
First Name Alexandra
Last Name Apostoluk
Position held Researcher
Laboratory INL UMR 5270 Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon
Address INSA de Lyon Bâtiment Blaise Pascal - 7, avenue Jean Capelle
69621 VILLEURBANNE Cedex FRANCE
Institution INSA Lyon
Tel + 33 4 72 43 71 86
Fax + 33 4 72 43 81 35
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://inl.cnrs.fr/
Participant category General Participant
Session field Materials Science
Session title Graphene, the "miracle material"
Research field Semiconductors, nanomaterials, nanostructures, spectroscopy, solar cells,
sensors
Statement of your research interests
I am interested in the studies of the properties of the heterostructures and nano-materials by means of optical
spectroscopy. My current research projects concern the fabrication and structural and optical characterization of wide bandgap semiconducting nano-objects with controlled structures and functionalities for energy
conversion, sensors and solar cell applications.
Recent most important publications
1. ZnO dense nanowire array on a film structure in a single crystal domain texture for optical and photoelectrochemical applications, M. Zhong, Y. Sato, M. Kurniawan, A. Apostoluk, B. Masenelli, E. Maeda, Y. Ikuhara and
J.-J. Delaunay, Nanotechnology 23, 495602 (10 pp), 2012.
2. ZnO nanoparticles as a luminescent down-shifting layer for photosensitive devices, Y. Zhu, A. Apostoluk, S.
Liu, S. Daniele, B. Masenelli, Journal of Semiconductors 34 (5), 053005 (6 pp), 2013 ; DOI : 10.1088/16744926/34/5/053005.
3. Investigation of luminescent properties of ZnO nanoparticles for their use as a down-shifting layer on solar
cells, A. Apostoluk, Y. Zhu, B. Canut, B. Masenelli, J.-J. Delaunay, K. Znajdek and M. Sibicski, Phys. Status Solidi
C 10 (10), 1301–1307, 2013; DOI : 10.1002/pssc.201200950. 4. Effect of Pt decoration on the gas response
of ZnO nano-particles, A. Ahmadi, A. Apostoluk, J.-J. Delaunay, Phys. Status Solidi C, 1–
4. 2013 ; DOI : 10.1002/pssc.201200937.
5. Nanowires on a Film for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting M. Zhong, M. Kurniawan, A. Apostoluk, B.
Vilquin and J.-J. Delaunay, in “Nanowires - Recent Advances”, INTECH, 2012, Xihong Peng (Ed.), ISBN 980953-307-525-4, DOI: 10.5772/52593. Available from : http://www.intechopen.com/books/nan…
76
Poster title Improvement of solar cell efficiency using a luminescent top layer of ZnO nanoparticles
Poster abstract Working at the nanoscale presents some advantages and drawbacks as far as the optical
properties of nanomaterials are concerned. It is well known that reducing the size often leads to the unintentional introduction of crystalline defects or impurities in nanoparticles and nanowires, near the surface, which
in turn deteriorates their luminescence. In the present communication, we first show that according to the
chemical synthesis conditions (hydrolysis or co-precipitation), we can control and enhance the visible luminescence of ZnO nanoparticles and even achieve high quantum yield. Our study emphasizes the role of specific elements (Li) or ligands (PAA coating in core-shell structure) on the control of the luminescence quantum
efficiency. Then the ZnO NPs layer is deposited on the top of a solar cell. The ZnO NPs absorb efficiently the
UV photons and emit light at longer wavelengths (which is called energy down-shifting), which subsequently
is absorbed by the solar cell. A relative increase of the UV-wavelength response of a solar cell with a ZnO NPs
layer on its top is demonstrated
77
First Name Satoshi
Last Name Ashihara
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Laser Physics and Chemistry
Address 2-24-16, Nakacho, Koganei, Tokyo, 184-8588, JAPAN
Institution Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology
Tel + 81 42 388 7536
Fax + 81 42 388 7536
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.tuat.ac.jp/ ashihara/
Participant category General Participant
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
Research field Optical Physics
Statement of your research interests
Ultrafast nonlinear optics (frequency conversion, temporal compression, shaping of short optical pulses), Nonlinear spectroscopy on condensed phase matter, Laser coherent control of matter
Recent most important publications
1. S. Ashihara, “Controlling quantum interferences in IR vibrational excitations in metal carbonyls,” Ultrafast
Phenomena XVIII (The European Physical Journal), Vol.41, 05024, (2013).
2. S. Ashihara, K. Shibuya, and S. Fujioka “Temperature dependence of vibrational relaxation of the OH bending mode in liquid water,” Chem. Phys. Lett. Vol. 502, pp.57-62 (2011).
3. S. Ashihara and Y. Kawahara, “Spectral broadening of mid-infrared femtosecond pulses in GaAs,” Opt. Lett.,
Vol. 34, No.24, 3839-3841 (2009) ; Selected for Virtual Journal of Ultrafast Science 9, Issue 2 (2010).
4. S. Ashihara, N. Huse, A. Espagne, E.T.J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast librational dynamics and energy
dissipation in the hydrogen bond network of water,” J. Phys. Chem. A. Vol.111, No. pp.743-746 (2007).
5. S. Ashihara, J. Nishina, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Soliton compression of femtosecond pulses in quadratic
media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, pp.2505-2510 (2002). Virtual Journal of Ultrafast Science 1, Issue 5 (2002).
Poster title Infrared Light-Field Engineering -To Watch and Handle the Microscopic World
Poster abstract Infrared light is electromagnetic wave with longer wavelengths (or lower frequencies) than
those of visible light. It was discovered in 1800 and nowadays used in industrial, scientific, and medical
applications. One of the most important applications is the infrared spectroscopy that can be used to identify
chemicals. We can see the molecular structure by exploiting the fact that molecules absorb specific frequencies that are characteristic of their structure. In the conventional infrared spectroscopy, thermal radiation has
been used as a light source. In the last two decades, the technologies to generate coherent radiation at various
wavelengths and to control the properties of light-field have been highly developed. Temporal and spatial
localization of the light-field and synthesis of their waveform have become possible in infrared range as well.
Such light-field engineering in the infrared opens up new possibilities to spectroscopy : watching 3D structure
(or conformation) and dynamics of molecules, identifying chemicals with nanometer-scale spatial resolution,
etc. Synthesized infrared light has the potential not only to watch but so to handle the events occurring at the
microscopic world. The challenges to control the motion of electrons, atoms and molecules are carried out.
78
First Name Jean-Julien
Last Name Aucouturier
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 9912 Science et Technologies de la Musique et du Son
(IRCAM)
Address 1, place Stravinsky 75004 Paris, France
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 6 47 07 20 57
E.mail [email protected]
URL www.ircam.fr
Participant category General Participant
Session field Social Sciences/Humanities
Session title Happiness
Research Field Music cognition / music information retrieval
Statement of your research interests
I am fascinated by the power that music has on our body, heart and brains. My research combines experimental methods to study the emotional impact of music and sound (experimental psychology, brain imaging)
and computational techniques to understand what part of the acoustic signal is able to trigger such reactions
(music information retrieval, computational neuroscience). I’m the recipient of a 2013 ERC Starting Grant for
my project CREAM ("cracking the emotional code of music").
Recent most important publications
Aucouturier & Bigand (2013) Seven problems that keep Music Information Retrieval from attracting the interest of cognition and neuroscience, J. Int. Inf. Syst.
Poster Title I sound happy, therefore I am
Poster Abstract Using a commercial voice synthesizer, we have created a platform that can alter the emo-
tional quality of participant’s speech in real-time (e.g. in the direction of sadness, fear, happiness, etc.). In our
first study, participants were given the task of reading a story out loud while wearing a headset with a microphone. The voices of the participants were then transformed and fed back in the headphones with a specific
emotional tone. Afterwards, the participants were asked to rate the emotionality of the story and their own
experience during the reading. The results show that while participants often fail to notice the manipulation,
it can significantly influence their emotional experience (assessed both with psychological tests and physiological measures), thus conclusively demonstrating a feedback effect of the quality of voice expression on our
own emotions.
79
First Name Maya
Last Name BACACHE-BEAUVALLET
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Telecom ParisTech
Address 46 rue Barrault 75013 Paris
Institution Telecom ParisTech
Tel + 33 6 62 49 27 45
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category Speaker
Session field Social Sciences / Humanities
Session title Happiness
Research field Public economics Labor economics Culture
Statement of your research interests
I have two fields of interest : one is public employment (wages, compensation, careers, motivation) and the
second is regulation. How regulation is modified in the digital context (IP, taxation, cultural environment).
Recent most important publications
Dynamic Entry and Investment in New Infrastructures: Empirical Evidence from the Telecoms Industry », avec
M. Bourreau et G. Gaudin, Review of Industrial Organization
1. « Piracy and creation: the case of the music industry » avec M. Bourreau et F. Moreau, European Journal of
Law and Economics, September 2012.
2. « Taxicab Licence Value and Market Regulation », avec L. Janin, Transport Policy 2011.
3. Les Stratégies absurdes, comment faire pire en croyant faire mieux, Seuil, 2009, Paris
4. « Impact des rémunérations variables dans les services publics », Actes de la Recherche en Sciences
Sociales, sept 2011, n°189, 58-71.
80
First Name Christelle
Last Name BAUNEZ
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory UMR 7289 Institut de Neurosciences de la Timone (INT)
Address INT, Campus Santé Timone, 27 bld Jean Moulin
13385 Marseille cedex 05
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 4 91 32 40 62
Fax + 33 4 91 32 40 56
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category PGM
Session field Life / Medical Science
Session title Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Research field
Statement of your research interests
Involvement of the basal ganglia, and more specifically the subthalamic nucleus (STN), in non-motor processes, including attention, control of inhibition, motivation and their dysregulation towards pathology (obsessive compulsive disorders, addiction). Possible treatment of these pathologies using deep brain stimulation
into the STN. The team I am leading works with a translational approach from rats to human (patients) and
non-human primates.
Recent most important publications
1. Eagle DM and Baunez C (2010) Is there an inhibitory-response control system in the rat? Evidence from
anatomical and pharmacological studies Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 34(1):50-72
2. Rouaud T*, Lardeux S*, Panayotis N, Paleressompoulle D, Cador M, Baunez C (2010) Reducing the desire
for cocaine with subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107:1196-1200
3. Krack P, Hariz M, Baunez C, Guridi J, Obeso J (2010) Deep brain stimulation : from neurology to psychiatry.
Trends Neurosci. 33(10):474-84
4. Pelloux Y and Baunez C (2013) Deep brain stimulation for addiction: why the subthalamic nucleus should
be favored. Curr. Op. Neurobiol. 23: 713-720
5. Lardeux S., Paleressompoulle D., Pernaud R., Cador M., Baunez C. (2013) Different populations of subthalamic neurons encode cocaine and sucrose reward and predict error J. Neurophysiol. 110(7):1497-1510
81
Poster title Can inactivation of the subthalamic nucleus help treating alcoholism?
Y. Pelloux and C. Baunez - Institut de Neurosciences de la Timone, UMR 7289 CNRS & Aix-Marseille Université,
Marseille, France
Poster abstract The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is the current target for the High Frequency Stimulation
(HFS) treatment of Parkinson’s Disease or Obsessive Compulsive Disorders. Studying the impact of STN inactivation by either lesions or HFS in intact rats, we observed decreased motivation for cocaine with increased
motivation for food reward (Baunez et al., 2005, Rouaud, Lardeux et al., 2010). STN lesions were also shown
to increase motivation for alcohol in rats showing a high consumption in a forced consumption test, while
decreasing the motivation for alcohol in the low drinker group (Lardeux and Baunez, 2008). The present study
aimed to assess the effect of inactivating STN on diagnostic criteria for alcoholism i.e. 1) loss of control over
alcohol intake, 2) alcohol use at the expense of other rewards and 3) despite adverse consequences (punishment) and 4) on the motivational modification observed after extended alcohol use. We developed a model evidencing after the loss of control over alcohol intake, a preference for the substance over non addictive reward
(such as saccharine) in some vulnerable animals. Preliminary data show that STN lesion tends to prevent the
loss of control over alcohol intake. Ongoing experiments are assessing the ability of STN lesion 1) to restore
the control over alcohol intake of rats having previously lost it and 2) to reallocate alcohol related behaviors
towards alternative natural rewards. After having controlled that STN lesion leaves the memory for aversive
event unaffected, 3) further studies are also currently assessing its ability to reduce alcohol use in face of
punishment. These results should validate the pertinence of targeting the STN against alcoholism.
Baunez C, Dias C, Cador M, Amalric M. (2005) The subthalamic nucleus exerts opposite control on cocaine and
'natural' rewards. Nat Neurosci. 8(4):484-9.
Lardeux S & Baunez C (2008) According to alcohol preference, the subthalamic nucleus exerts an opposite
control on motivation for alcohol in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology: 33: 634-642
Rouaud T, Lardeux S, Panayotis N, Paleressompoulle D, Cador M, Baunez C. (2010) Reducing the desire for
cocaine with subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.107:1196-200.
82
First Name Pierre
Last Name Beck
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 5274
Address 414, rue de la piscine 38041 Grenoble cedex 09
Institution UJF
Tel + 33 6 16 94 32 57
E.mail [email protected]
URL
Participant category PGM
Session field Earth Science / Environment
Session title Earthquakes and Associated Risks
Research field Planetary Sciences, Mars, Asteroids, Comets
Statement of your research interests
I am focused on the mineralogy of small solar system bodies, asteroids and comets. I study the radial transfer
of volatiles across our stellar system from analysis of Space Mission data and extra-terrestrial samples.
Recent most important publications
1. P. Beck, A. Garenne, E. Quirico,L. Bonal, G. Montes-Hernandez, F. Moynier, B. Schmitt. Transmission infrared
spectra (2-25 microns) of carbonaceous chondrites: mineralogy, water and asteroidal processes. Icarus 229,
263-277.
2. P. Beck, A. Pommerol, N. Thomas, B. Schmitt and F. Moynier (2012). Photometry of meteorites. Icarus 218,
364-377
3. P. Beck, E. Quirico, G. Montes-Hernandez, L. Bonal, J. Bollard, F-R Orthous-Daunay , K. Howard , B. Schmitt ,
O. Brissaud, F. Deschamps, B. Wunder, and S. Guillot. Hydrous mineralogy of CM and CI chondrites from infrared
spectroscopy and their relationship with low albedo asteroids (2010). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74,
4881-4892.
4. P. Beck, Goncharov, A.F., Struzhkin V., Militzer B., Mao, H-K., Hemley, R.J. Measurements of thermal diffusivity at high pressure using a transient heating method. Applied Physics Letters 91, 181914.
5. P. Beck, A. Pommerol, B. Schmitt and O. Brissaud Kinetics of water adsorption on minerals and the breathing of the Martian regolith. JGR planets 115, E10011.
83
Poster title Shock-induced synthesis and evolution of primitive organic coumpounds
P. Beck1, H. Yabuta2, T. Atou3, E. Quirico1, Z. Yoldi-Martinez1, A. Guillot1, L. Bonal1, G. Montagnac4, B. Schmitt1 and G. Montes-Hernandez5.
1
UJF-Grenoble 1 / CNRS-INSU, Institut de Planetologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG), France,
email: [email protected]
2
Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University, Japan.
3
Secure Material Center Materials and Structures Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan.
4
Laboratoire de Sciences de la Terre. ENS Lyon, France.
5
Institut des Sciences de la Terre (IsTERRE), UJF-Grenoble 1, France.
Poster abstract Chondritic organic matter might have evolved on its parent body where subjected to shock
metamorphism [1-2]. If the effects of shock waves on minerals have been studied in details from the experimental and observational approaches [3-4] little is known on their effect on the carbonaceous component.
Here, we experimentally exposed fragments of matrix of the Murchison chondrite to shock loading up to 40
GPa. We describe the effects on the mineralogy as well as on the organic component. Samples of Murchison
meteorite (CM) were obtained through loan by the Museum of Natural History (Chicago). The sample was
powdered and pressed to obtain 1 cm in diameter and 1 mm thick pellets. Pellets were then incorporated in a
steel container and shocked to pressure of approximately 5-10-20 and 40 GPa, using a single-stage propellant gun (5-10-20 GPa) and a two-stage light gas gun (40 GPa) at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. Samples
were then recovered and powdered. IR spectra were measured using the Hyperion microscope at IPAG, and
Raman spectra were obtained using the Labram HR at ENS Lyon.
IR spectra were obtained in the 2-15 micron region, and provide insights into the nature of the silicate phase
present. As shock pressure increases the 3 μm band (-OH and H2O) appears to decrease in intensity with
regard to the 10 μm band, indicative of a progressive dehydration of the phyllo-silicate phase. For the sample
shocked at pressure of 5 to 20 GPa, minor effects are observed on the 10 μm band, which remains broad
and structureless, which reveals the presence of a poorly crystalline phyllosilicate [5]. However in the case
of the sample shocked at a pressure of 40 GPa, the 10 μm band clearly shows structure, which we interpret
by the presence of well crystalline phyllosilicates. Raman spectra were directly measured on the powdered
sample, and analyzed following [6]. When plotted in a FWHM vs Band G diagram, the samples shocked at 5,
10 and 20 GPa do not appear distinct from the initial samples. However in the case of the sample shocked at
40 GPa, a clear distinction is seen with regard to the other samples. A metamorphic trend is observed, which is
distinguishable from long duration thermal metamorphism. The origin of this trend and its relation with those
observed in chondritic samples will be discussed.
References:
[1] Quirico et al. (2009) Met. Soc. Meeting (2009)
2] Yabuta et al. (2010), Meteoritics & Planet. Sci,1446-1460
[3] Ahrens, TJ (1980) Science 207, 1035-1041
[4] Gillet, P. et al (2007) Mineralogy of Shocked Me-teorites. GSA Monograph. Ed. E. Ohtani
[5] Beck et al., 2010, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 74, 4881-4892.
[6] Bonal et al., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 70, 1849-1863.
84
First Name Michael
Last Name BLUM
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 5525 Techniques de l’Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications,
Grenoble (TIMC-IMAG)
Address TIMC-IMAG, Domaine de la Merci, 38706 La Tronche Cedex
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 4 56 52 00 65
Fax + 33 4 56 52 00 55
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://membres-timc.imag.fr/Michael
Participant category Speaker
Session field Mathematics / Informatics
Session title Bayesian Statistics
Research field Bayesian statistics, population genetics, approximate Bayesian Computation,
bioinformatics
Statement of your research interests
My research concerns methodological developments in bioinformatics and computational statistics. I develop
statistical methods and software to analyze population genomic data. I also collaborate with geneticists, biologists and medical doctors to participate to the analysis of the genetic data they generate.
Recent most important publications
1. Blum MGB, MA Nunes, D Prangle, SA Sisson. A comparative review of dimension reduction methods in
approximate Bayesian computation. Statistical Science, 28: 189-208 (2013
2. Sjödin P, AE Sjöstrand, M Jakobsson, MGB Blum. Resequencing data provide no evidence for a human bottleneck in Africa during the penultimate glacial period. Molecular Biology and Evolution 29:1851-1860 (2012)
3. Blum MGB Approximate Bayesian Computation: a nonparametric perspective. Journal of the American
Statistical Association, 105: 1178-1187
4. Csilléry K, MGB Blum, OE Gaggiotti, O François. Approximate Bayesian Computation in practice. Trends in
Ecology & Evolution, 25: 410-418 (2010)
5. Blum MGB, O François. Non-linear regression models for Approximate Bayesian Computation. Statistics
and Computing, 20: 63-73 (2010).
85
First Name Jasmine
Last Name Burguet
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin (UMR 1318)
Address INRA Centre de Versailles-Grignon Route de Saint-Cyr
78026 Versailles CEDEX FRANCE
Institution INRA
Tel + 33 1 30 83 30 27
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www-ijpb.versailles.inra.fr/
Participant category General Participant
Session field Mathematics / Informatics
Session title Bayesian Statistics
Research field Spatial statistics; biology; 3D modeling; computer vision; image processing
and analysis
Statement of your research interests
I work on the statistical analysis of the spatial organization of biological structures because functions and spatial architectures in biology are closely related. I mainly use images acquired using confocal or light microscopy. Then, I develop approaches for: the 3D reconstruction and modeling of structures, the spatial normalization
and quantification of organizations, and the statistical comparison of experimental groups. Such developments
contribute to revealing and to understanding the functioning of complex biological systems.
Recent most important publications
1. Burguet, J, Mailly P, Andrey P (2013) Statistical groupwise comparison of spatial point patterns in biological
imaging. IEEE ISBI 2013: From Nano to Macro : 456-459.
2. Burguet, J, Maurin, Y, Andrey, P (2011) A method for modeling and visualizing the three-dimensional organization of neuron populations from replicated data: Properties, implementation and illustration. Pattern Recogn
Lett 32: 1894-1901.
3. Burguet J, Mailly P, Maurin Y, Andrey P (2011). Reconstructing the three-dimensional surface of a branching
and merging biological structure from a stack of coplanar contours. IEEE ISBI 2011: From Nano to Macro: 602605.
4. Schwarz, J, Burguet, J, Rampin, O et al. (2010) Three-Dimensional Macronutrient-Associated Fos Expression Patterns in the Mouse Brainstem. PLOS ONE 5.
86
Poster title Analysis and comparison of the spatial organization of biological structures: the
particular case of punctual data
Poster abstract In biology, functions are closely related to specific spatial architectures. Many molecular,
histological and imaging techniques allow to reveal how biological structures are organized in 3D. However,
the lack of quantitative methods devoted to the analysis of the images produced is a recurrent problem
reported in the scientific community. In particular, the developpement of statistical procedures that allow to
reveal significant differences between 3D biological organizations remains an important ongoing challenge.
To illustrate the overall approach that we developped for the analysis and the comparison of biological structures, we focus here on data assimilated to sets of points (e.g., positions of endosomes in cells or of neurons
in neuronal populations). Inferring the way in which points are distributed in 3D is not a simple issue, especially when it comes at integrating repeated experiments. The approach we present here includes the spatial
normalization of data, the building of a statistical model of a point distribution, and the comparison of groups
of point patterns. Our methodology being generic, it can be used to analyze various biological systems and at
different scales.
87
First Name Alain
Last Name CELZARD
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory UMR 7198 Institut Jean Lamour (IJL)
Address Ecole des mines de Nancy, Parc de Saurupt - CS 14234, 54042
Nancy cedex
Institution Université de Lorraine
Tel + 33 3 29 29 61 14
Fax + 33 3 29 29 61 38
E.mail [email protected]
URL uhp-nancy.fr/fr/recherche/les-thematiques/
Participant category General Participant
Session field Earth Science Environment
Session title Earthquakes and Associated Risks
Research field Carbon materials; Porous materials; Physical properties; Modelling; Applications
Statement of your research interests
I develop an integrated approach : synthesis - characterisation - property measurements - modelling - applications – optimisation, for investigating carbonaceous materials for energy and environmental purposes :
energy storage, pollutant removal, thermal management, fire resistance, porous electrodes, catalyst supports.
Most of these materials are derived from and allow the valorisation of vegetable resources. I also perform
theoretical studies dealing with disordered and / or porous carbonaceous systems and with their optimisation
for industrial applications.
Recent most important publications
1. G. Amaral-Labat, L.I. Grishechko, A. Szczurek, V. Fierro, B.N. Kuznetsov, A. Pizzi, A. Celzard. Highly mesoporous organic aerogels derived from soy and tannin. Green Chemistry 14 (2012) 3099-3106
2. F. Braghiroli, V. Fierro, M.T. Izquierdo, J. Parmentier, A. Pizzi, A. Celzard. Nitrogen-doped carbon materials
produced from hydrothermally treated tannin. Carbon 50 (2012) 5411-5420
3. A. Celzard, G. Tondi, D. Lacroix, G. Jeandel, B. Monod, V. Fierro, A. Pizzi. Radiative properties of tannin-based,
glasslike, carbon foams. Carbon 50 (2012) 4102-4113
4. G. Amaral-Labat, E. Gourdon, V. Fierro, A. Pizzi, A. Celzard. Acoustic properties of cellular vitreous carbon
foams. Carbon 58 (2013) 76-86.
5. A. Szczurek, V. Fierro, A. Pizzi, A. Celzard. Mayonnaise, whipped cream and meringue, a new carbon cuisine.
Carbon 58 (2013) 245-248
Poster title Versatility of tannins as precursors of new carbon materials
Poster abstract Condensed tannins are abundant, non toxic and renewable raw materials. Mainly extracted
from tree barks, these polyphenolic molecules have commercial applications in leatherwork but their interest is
growing in the chemical and food industries. Their chemical structure and their reactivity make them easily polymerised, leading to high-quality thermoset resins. Whether these resins are foamed, gelled, or polymerized after
emulsification, spray-drying, hydrothermal treatment, or self-assembly of amphiphilic surfactants, a number of
different architectures can be built. The phenolic and highly aromatic nature of the crosslinked resins allows
obtaining an excellent glasslike carbon after pyrolysis. In this poster, many different materials will be presented
as well as their performances in the main applications in which they have been successfully tested: vitreous carbon foams, aerogels, micro or hollow spheres, polyHIPEs, ordered mesoporous carbons, etc., for electromagnetic
absorption, electrochemical storage, microbial fuel cells, conductive inks, thermal insulation, and so forth.
88
First Name Johann
Last Name Coraux
Position heldResearcher
Laboratory UPR 2940 Institut Néel
Address Institut Néel, CNRS & Université Joseph Fourier BP166, 38042
Grenoble Cedex 9, France
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 4 76 88 12 89
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category Speaker
Session field Materials Science
Session title Graphene, the "miracle material"
Research field Surface Science, 2D Materials, Graphene, Nanoscience
Statement of your research interests
My research is focused on condensed matter surface science studies of the elementary processes during
growth of semiconductors, metals, and two-dimensional materials, especially graphene, as well as of the
structural, electronic, and magnetic properties in these systems, down to atomic scale, noticeably those properties stemming from interfaces.
Recent most important publications
1. Z. Han, A. Kimouche, A. Allain, H. Arjmandi-Tash, A. Reserbat-Plantey, S. Pairis, V. Reita, N. Bendiab, J.
Coraux, V. Bouchiat. Homogeneous electronic and optical properties of graphene due to the suppression of
mutlilayer patches during CVD on copper foils. Adv. Func. Mater., available online (http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/
adfm.201301732)
2. N. Blanc, F. Jean, A. Krasheninnikov, G. Renaud, J. Coraux. Point defect-induced strains in epitaxial graphene.
Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 085501 (2013)
3. J. Coraux, L. Marty, N. Bendiab, V. Bouchiat. Functional hybrids based on large-area high quality graphene.
Acc. Chem. Res., available online (http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ar3001519)
4. C. Busse, P. Lazi, R. Djemour, J. Coraux, T. Gerber, N. Atodiresei, V. Caciuc, R. Brako, A. T. N’Diaye, S. Blügel,
J. Zegenhagen, T. Michely. Graphene on Ir(111) : physisorption with chemical modulation. Phys. Rev. Lett., 107,
037101 (2011)
5. J. Coraux, A. T. N’Diaye, C. Busse, T. Michely. Structural coherency of graphene on Ir(111). Nano Lett. 8, 565
(2008)
89
First Name Grégoire
Last Name Danger
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 7345 Physique des Interactions Ioniques et Moleculaires
(PIIM)
Address UMR CNRS 7345 - Centre Saint-Jérôme - case 252 Université
d’Aix-Marseille, 13397 Marseille, France
Institution Aix-Marseille University
Tel + 33 4 91 28 82 85
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category Speaker
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
Research field Astrochemistry; Prebiotic chemistry; Analytical Chemistry; Organic chemistry
Statement of your research interests
Astrochemistry: Research on chemical pathways for the formation of molecules in astrophysical environments
using analogs of interstellar or cometary ices. Understanding the composition and the evolution of organic
matter in meteorites and comets from analogs. Study of volatile organic compounds coming from the warming
of interstellar/cometary ice analogs.
Prebiotic Chemistry: Development of a chemical system allowing the formation of oligopeptides in prebiotic
conditions. Determine in which condition a chemical system allowing oligopeptide formation could lead to the
emergence of specific physico-chemical properties such as auto-catalysis.
Recent most important publications
1. Characterization of interstellar/cometary organic residue analogs using very high resolution mass spectrometry, G. Danger, F-R. Orthous-Daunay, P. de Marcellus, P. Modica, V. Vuitton, F. Duvernay, L. Le Sergeant
d’Hendecourt, R. Thissen, and T. Chiavassa, Geochimica & Cosmochimica Acta, 2013, 118, 184-201. DOI:
10.1016/j.gca.2013.05.015
2. 5(4H)-Oxazolones as Intermediates in the Carbodiimide- and Cyanamide- Promoted Peptide Activations
in Aqueous Solution, G. Danger, A. Michaut, M. Bucchi, L. Boiteau, J. Canal, R. Plasson, and R. Pascal, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2013, 52, 611-614, DOI : 10.1002/anie.201207730 and 10.1002/
ange.201207730
3. Hydroxyacetonitrile (HOCH2CN) formation in astrophysical conditions. Competition with the aminomethanol, a glycine precursor, G. Danger, F. Duvernay, P. Theulé, F. Borget, and T. Chiavassa, The Astrophysical Journal, 2012, 756,11. DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/756/1/11
4. Pathways for the formation and evolution of peptides in prebiotic environments, G. Danger, R. Plasson, and
R. Pascal, Chemical Society Reviews, 2012, 41, 5416-5429, DOI : 10.1039/C2CS35064E
5. Experimental investigation of aminoacetonitrile formation through the Strecker synthesis in astrophysical
like conditions : reactivity of methanimine (CH2NH), ammonia (NH3), and hydrogen cyanide (HCN), G. Danger,
F. Borget, M. Chomat, F. Duvernay, P. Theulé, J-C Guillemin, L. Le Sergeant d’Hendecourt, T. Chiavassa. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2011, 525, A30. DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201117602.
90
First Name Véronique
Last Name Deroche-Gamonet
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory CRI U 862 Physiopathologie de la plasticité neuronale
Address NeuroCentre Magendie 146 rue Léo Saignat 33076 Bordeaux
France
Institution Inserm
Tel + 33 5 57 57 36 80
Fax + 33 5 57 57 36 69
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category Chair
Session field Life / Medical Science
Session title Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Research Field Drug addiction Animal models Experimental psychopathology Psychobiology
Neurobiology
Statement of your research interests
I have been conducting experimental research on drug addiction since the early 90s. I always challenged the
classical experimental preparations used to model drug addiction. This led to the development of the first
DSM-based animal model of addiction, acknowledged as a key innovation. A new challenge is the coordination
of the OptoPath project for an innovative platform in experimental psychopathology based on cutting edge
exploratory techniques and a dimensional transnosographic approach of key psychopathologies, i.e. addiction,
obesity, PTSD, and aging-related memory deficits.
Recent most important publications
1. Kasanetz F*, Deroche-Gamonet V*, Berson N, Balado E, Lafourcade M, Manzoni O, Piazza PV. Transition to
addiction is associated with a persistent impairment in synaptic plasticity. Science, 2010, 328(5986):1709-12.
*equal contribution.
2. Kasanetz F*, Lafourcade M*, Deroche-Gamonet V*, Revest JM, Berson N, Balado E, Fiancette JF, Renault P,
Piazza PV, Manzoni OJ. Prefrontal synaptic markers of cocaine addiction-like behavior in rats. Mol Psychiatry,
2013, 18(6):729-737. *equal contribution.
3. Belin D, Balado E, Piazza PV, Deroche-Gamonet V. Pattern of Intake and Drug Craving Predict the Development of Cocaine Addiction-like Behavior in Rats. Biol Psychiatry, 2009, 65(10) : 863-8.
4. Belin D, Berson N, Balado E, Piazza PV, Deroche-Gamonet V. High-novelty-preference rats are predisposed
to compulsive cocaine self-administration. Neuropsychopharmacology, 2011, 36(3):569-79.
5. Deroche-Gamonet V, Belin D, Piazza PV. Evidence for addiction-like behavior in the rat. Science. 2004,
305(5686):1014-7.
91
First Name Erik
Last Name DUJARDIN
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory UPR 8011 Centre d’Elaboration des Matériaux et d’Etudes
Structurales (CEMES)
Address B.P. 94347 29 rue Jeanne Marvig 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 5 62 25 78 38
Fax + 33 5 62 25 79 00
E.mail dujardin[email protected]
Participant category Chair
Session field Materials Science
Session title Graphene, the “miracle material”
Research Field Material science, nanosciences, graphene, electronics, carbon
Statement of your research interests
In 2003, Erik Dujardin joined CEMES, Toulouse (F) as a tenured CNRS staff, where he has been interested in
developing new approaches to the information processing to and from a single molecular-sized system using
electronic transport in nanopatterned graphene and plasmonic waveguiding in metal colloids and colloidal
self-assembly. E. Dujardin is keen on cross-fertilizing his activity at the interface between physics, chemistry
and biology.
Recent most important publications
A full publication list can be found at : http://www.researcherid.com/rid/A-2…
1. Reversible optical doping in graphene. A. Tiberj, M. Rubio-Roy, M. Paillet,, J. R. Huntzinger, P. Landois, M.
Mirkolasek, S. Contreras, J.L. Sauvajol, E. Dujardin, and A.A. Zahab. Scientific Reports, 2013, 3, 2355
2. Graphene, a 2D dream coming true. C. Soldano, A. Mahmood, E. Dujardin. Carbon, 2010, 48, 2127-2150.
3. Side-gated transport in Focused Ion Beam-fabricated multilayered graphene nanoribbons. J.-F. Dayen, A.
Mahmood, D. S. Golubev, I. Roch-Jeune, P. Salles and E. Dujardin. Small, 2008, 4, 716-720
4. Fabrication of mesoscopic devices from graphite microdiscs. E. Dujardin, T. Thio, H. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen.
Appl. Phys. Lett., 2001, 79, 2474-2476.
5. Graphitic cones and the nucleation of curved carbon surfaces. A. Krishnan, E. Dujardin, M.M.J. Treacy, J.
Hugdahl, S. Lynum and T. W. Ebbesen. Nature, 1997, 388, 451-454.
92
First Name Fabrice
Last Name Duvernay
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 7345 Laboratoire des Interactions Ioniques
et Moléculaires (PIIM)
Address Centre Saint-Jérôme - case 252 Aix-Marseille Université,
13397 Marseille, France
Institution Aix-Marseille Université
Tel + 33 4 91 28 85 82
Fax + 33 4 91 28 91 94
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://sites.univ-provence.fr/piim/
Participant category General Participant
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
Research field Astrochemistry spectroscopy low temperature reactivity kinetic
Statement of your research interests
A major theme of our group is the study of the chemical evolution of primitive interstellar ices induced by
energetic processes such as irradiation by UV photons bombardment by hydrogen or by thermal effects. The
objective is to determine the possible mechanisms leading to the formation of complex organic molecules
from interstellar ice analogues. We have shown that through simulation experiments in the laboratory based
mainly on spectroscopic techniques (infrared, mass spectrometry) it was possible to obtain information on
the evolution of matter in protostellar and cometary environments. We were able to demonstrate a direct link
between primitive molecules (H2O , CH3OH , NH3 … ) contained in the coat of ice covering interstellar grains
and molecules observed in the refractory organic residues (HMT, Polymers) obtained after irradiation and heating of these ices. These residues can be treated as cometary grain analogues. These results will undoubtedly
assist in the interpretation of data from space missions such as Rosetta mission.
Recent most important publications
1. V. Vinogradoff, N. Fray, F. Duvernay, G. Briani, G. Danger, H. Cottin, P. Theulé, T. Chiavassa. Astronomy and
Astrophysics, 2013, 551, A128.
2. Vinogradoff V., Rimola A., Duvernay F., Danger G., Theulé P., & Chiavassa T., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.
14,12309-12320 (2012)
3. Vinogradoff V., Duvernay F., Danger G., Theulé P., & Chivassa T., A&A 530, A128 (2011)
4. Duvernay F., Dufauret V., Danger G., Theule P., Borget F., Chiavassa T., A&A 523, A79 (2010)
Poster title Chemistry in interstellar ice analogues
Poster abstract Whereas complex organic molecules are observed in a large variety of astrophysical ob-
jects, little is known about their formation mechanism. Laboratory simulations on interstellar ice analogues
are thus crucial to understand the origin of those complex organic molecules. In this context, we determine
the formation mechanism of one major product detected in the organic residue formed in laboratory: the
Hexamethylenetetramine (HMT). We compare the warming of the photolysed interstellar ice analogue with
the warming of two non-photolysed specific ice mixtures H2CO:NH3:HCOOH and CH2NH:HCOOH, used as
references. Using both global and specific approaches, we show the precise role of the UV photons and the
thermal processing in the HMT formation.
93
First Name Claire
Last Name Etchegaray
Position held Researcher
Laboratory EA 373 Institut de Recherches Philosophiques (IREPH)
Address IREPH 200 avenue de la République 92000 Nanterre France
Institution University of Paris 10
Tel +33 6 75 13 32 70
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category Chair
Session field Social Sciences / Humanities
Session title Happiness
Research Field Moral philosophy Pleasure Happiness Utilitarism Consequentialism
Statement of your research interests
My primary interests are in philosophy of belief and scepticism. I am currently working on Eighteenth Century
Philosophy, especially British Enlightenment, as it was a major scene of the debate on scepticism at that time.
In this respect, I focus on metaphysical issues, epistemological theses and medical views, along with moral
positions. Beside, I am interested in various ways of so-called “answers to scepticism” in contemporary philosophy, regarding either belief in general or peculiar evidence (e.g. testimonial evidence, perceptual evidence).
I am also working on contemporary theories of action.
Recent most important publications
« Can We Know Whether Scepticism Is Right or Wrong? Reid’s Criticisms and Hume’s Answer »,
Scepticism in the Eighteenth Century : Enlightenment, Lumières, Aufklärung, éd. Sébastien Charles et Plinio
Junqueira Smith, Springer, 2013
« Whytt and the Idea of Power. Physiological Evidence as a Challenge to the 18th Century Criticism of the
Notion of Power », in CL. Crignon, C. Zelle et N. Alloca (eds) Medical empiricism and philosophy of human
nature in the 17th and 18th centuries, Early Science and Medicine, 18, 4-5, pp. 381-404.
"Assentiment et éthique de la croyance chez Thomas Reid", in L. Jaffro (ed),
Croit-on comme on veut ? La controverse classique sur le rôle de la volonté dans l’assentiment, Paris, Vrin,
forthcoming (2013)
94
First Name Alain
Last Name FAVE
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon (INL)
Address INSA de Lyon , Bât Blaise Pascal 7, avenue Jean Capelle 69621
Villeurbanne Cedex
Institution INSA de Lyon
Tel +33 4 72 43 84 64
E.mail [email protected]
URL inl.cnrs.fr
Participant category PGM
Session field Materials Science
Session title Graphene, the "miracle material"
Research Field Solar cells, thin film crystalline Silicon epitaxy, new concepts
Statement of your research interests
My research focus on high efficient solar cells based on crystalline Si thin film material. We develop processes,
from material elaboration to devices fabrication, in order to meet both requirements of low cost and high efficiencies. I also work on III-V/Si tandem solar cells using InGaN or GaAlAs.
Recent most important publications
1. Combined front and back diffraction gratings for broad band light trapping in thin film solar cell X. Meng, E.
Drouard, G. Gomard, R. Peretti, A. Fave and C. Seassal Opt Express. 2012 Sep 10 ;20 Suppl 5:A560-71. doi :
10.1364/OE.20.00A560.
2. Design, fabrication and optical characterization of photonic crystal assisted thin film monocrystalline-silicon solar cells. X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, C. Jamois, A. Fave, F.
Dross, I. Gordon, C. Seassal Opt. Express 20, 14, A465-A475 (2012)
3. Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells : the case of amorphous silicon G. Gomard, X.
Meng, E. Drouard, K. El Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal Recent
Research Developments in Applied Physics 14, 04011 (2012)
4. Facile metallization of dielectric coatings for plasmonic solar cells S. Bastide, T. Nychyporuk, Z. Zhou, A.
Fave, M. Lemiti Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 102, 26-30 (2012)
5. Nanophotonics for Light Management in Thin Film Si Solar Cells A. Fave, X. Meng, G. Gomard, E. Drouard,
C. Seassal 10th Japan-France Workshop on Nanomaterials, 1st WPI Workshop on Materials Science, Kyoto,
Japan 6-9 June 2013
95
First Name Nobuaki
Last Name FUJI
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 7154 Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP)
Address 1, rue Jussieu 75238 Paris Cedex 05
Institution University
Tel + 33 6 67 29 61 09
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category General Participant
Session field Earth Science / Environment
Session title Eathquakes and Associated Risks
Research field Seismology, exploration geophysics, marines geophysics, plate tectonics, wave
propagation
Statement of your research interests
My main research interest is to extract as much information as possible from the Earth’s responses, especially
from seismograms generated by either natural earthquakes or active sources to infer detailed structure of our
planet from global scale to several kilometers’ subsurface scale. To pursue this, I have developed theoretical/
numerical tools for inverting waveforms themselves and have applied them to real data.
Recent most important publications
1. Fuji, N., Chevrot, S., Zhao, L., Geller, R.J., Kawai, K. (2012) Finite-frequency structural sensitivities of shortperiod compressional body waves, Geophys. J. Int., 190, 522—540.
2. Fuji, N., Kawai, K., Geller, R.J. (2010) A methodology for inversion of broadband seismic waveforms for
elastic and anelastic structure and its application to the mantle transition zone beneath the Northwestern
Pacific. Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 180, 3-4, 118—137.
3. Monteiller, V., Chevrot, S., Komatitsch, D., Fuji, N. (2013) A hybrid technique for 3D modelling of high frequency teleseismic body waves in the Earth, Geophys. J. Int., 192, 230-247.
4. Konishi, K., Kawai, K., Geller, R.J., Fuji, N. (2012) Waveform inversion of broad-band body-wave data for the
5. Kawai, K., Sekine, S., Fuji, N., Geller, R.J. (2009) Waveform inversion for D" structure beneath northern Asia
using Hi-net tiltmeter data. Geophys Res. Lett., 36, L039651, doi:10.1029/2009GL039651.
Poster title Towards high-frequency waveform inversion for Earth’s structure
Poster abstract Waveform inversion aims to estimate high-resolution Earth models by minimising the dif-
ference between observed and modelled seismic waveforms. From global (e.g., Takeuchi 2012) or regional
(e.g., Fichtner et al. 2010; Konishi et al. 2012) to local scales (e.g., Ratcliffe et al. 2011), waveform inversion
studies have become a topic of great interest in exploration of our planet. In order to obtain high resolution, it is
required to analyse as high frequency data as possible, by using as accurate an inversion method as possible.
In this presentation, we will summarise some of our important numerical tools to concur the computational
burden to conduct high-frequency waveform inversion in the near future.
96
First Name Jun
Last Name Fujii
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Komazawa university
Address 1-23-1 Komazawa Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 154-0012,
Japan
Institution University
Tel + 81 3 34 18 93 22
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.komazawa-u.ac.jp/ junfujii/
Participant category General Participant
Session field Social Sciences / Humanities
Session title Happiness
Research field Buddhism
Statement of your research interests
What is suffering? How can Buddhism cure human’s suffering? Why has Buddha’s teaching spread over Asian
countries?
Recent most important publications
Studies on the developments of Kukai’s thought (Kukai no shisoteki tenkai no kenkyu), Transview, Tokyo, 2008,
in Japanese ’Treatise on the Ineeaulity of the Three Teachings (Buddhism, Confusianism and Taoism) composed bu Yao Bian: A print edition of a hand-copied manuscript from the Ishiyamadera collection’ (Yoben sen
Sankyofuseiron syahon no honkoku), Bulletin of the Research Institute of Esoteric Buddhist Culture (Mikkyo
Bunka Kenkyusho Kiyo) 24, Koyasan, 2011, in Japanese
Poster title Application of Buddhist theory to support for children of evacuees by Fukushima
nuclear accident
Poster abstract Fukushima nuclear accident caused by the earthquake of 2011 has produced more than
100,000 refugees who avoided their own residence. While 1mSv was the standard for residence before the
accident, this standard has been raised to 20mSv without a sufficient explanation to residents after the accident. As a result, parents who worry about the effects of radiation on children have evacuated to the area that
seems safer from the point of radiation. However, in the political and social situation in Japan, which is strongly
influenced by local officials who are narrow-minded and lazy, I suspect that there is a strong and silent pressure which recommends a return to their own residence for evacuees now. Regardless of the actual impact of
radiation, it is true that strong mental stress on evacuees exists and that the local government has not carried
out sufficient measures. Since parents have strong interest in education, so based on Buddhist theory, which
is called ‘ no-self ‘ or ‘ change of mind ’, I am providing a "place to accept children of evacuees mentally", and
further arbitrating conflict between ordinary Japanese volunteers who have no religious background.
97
First Name Hiroyuki
Last Name Goto
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI)
Address Gokasho Uji, Kyoto, Japan
Institution Kyoto University
Tel + 81 774 38 4067
Fax + 81 774 38 4070
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://wwwcatfish.dpri.kyoto-u.ac.j…
Participant category Speaker
Session field Earth Science / Environment
Session title Earthquakes and Associated Risks
Research Field Earthquake Engineering, Seismology, Applied Mechanics, Geotechnical
Engineering
Statement of your research interests
Modeling of underground structure and numerical simulation of strong ground motion ; Rupture dynamics on
earthquake fault ; Accurate and efficient numerical simulation methods on fracture mechanics ; Elastic wave
theory and its mathematical treatment ; Field surveys and observations for revealing disaster mechanism on
actual earthquake events.
Recent most important publications
1. Hiroyuki Goto, Yoshiya Hata, Yasuko Kuwata, Hidekazu Yamamoto, Hitoshi Morikawa and Shunichi Kataoka:
Earthquake source and ground motion characteristics in eastern Japan during the 2011 off the Pacific coast
of Tohoku earthquake, Journal of JSCE, 1(1), 329-342, 2013.
2. Hiroyuki Goto, Yuichi Kawamura, Sumio Sawada and Takashi Akazawa: Direct estimation of near-surface
damping based on normalized energy density, Geophys. J. Int., 194(1), 488-498, 2013.
3. Hiroyuki Goto, Yojiro Yamamoto and Saeko Kita: Dynamic rupture simulation of the 2011 off the Pacific
coast of Tohoku earthquake: multi-event generation within dozens of seconds, Earth, Planets and Space,
64(12), 1167-1175, 2012.
4. Hiroyuki Goto, Hitoshi Morikawa, Masayuki Inatani, Yumiko Ogura, Satoshi Tokue, Xin-Rui Zhang, Masahiro
Iwasaki, Masayuki Araki, Sumio Sawada and Aspasia Zerva: Very dense seismic array observations in Furukawa district, Japan, Seismological Research Letters, 83(5), 765-774, 2012.
5. Kazunori Wada and Hiroyuki Goto: Generation mechanism of surface and buried faults: Effect of plasticity
in a shallow crust structure, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 102(4), 1712-1728, 2012.
98
First Name Masataka
Last Name Goto
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science
and Technology (AIST)
Address IT, AIST, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan
Institution AIST
Tel+ 81 29 861 5898
Fax + 81 29 861 3313
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://staff.aist.go.jp/m.goto
Participant category General Participant
Session field Mathematics / Informatics
Session title Bayesian Statistics
Research field Music informatics, Music Information Research, Music Technologies,
Singing Information Processing, Media Interaction
Statement of your research interests
In 1992 Masataka Goto was one of the first to start work on automatic music understanding, and has since
been at the forefront of research in music technologies (including singing technologies) and music interfaces
based on those technologies. Since 1998 he has also worked on speech recognition interfaces, and since
2006 he has overseen the development of web services based on content analysis and crowdsourcing, such
as Songle (http://songle.jp), Songrium (http://songrium.jp), and PodCastle (http://en.podcastle.jp).
Recent most important publications
1. Masataka Goto, Tomoyasu Nakano, Shuuji Kajita, Yosuke Matsusaka, Shin’ichiro Nakaoka, and Kazuhito
Yokoi : VocaListener and VocaWatcher : Imitating a Human Singer by Using Signal Processing, 2012 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2012), pp.5393-5396, March 2012.
2. Kazuyoshi Yoshii and Masataka Goto : A Nonparametric Bayesian Multipitch Analyzer Based on Infinite Latent Harmonic Allocation, IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, Vol.20, No.3, pp.717730, March 2012.
3. Matthias Mauch, Hiromasa Fujihara, and Masataka Goto : Integrating Additional Chord Information into
HMM-Based Lyrics-to-Audio Alignment, IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, Vol.20,
No.1, pp.200-210, January 2012.
4. Hiromasa Fujihara, Masataka Goto, Jun Ogata, and Hiroshi G. Okuno : LyricSynchronizer : Automatic Synchronization System Between Musical Audio Signals and Lyrics, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal
Processing, Vol.5, No.6, pp.1252-1261, October 2011.
5. Masataka Goto and Takayuki Goto : Musicream : Integrated Music-Listening Interface for Active, Flexible,
and Unexpected Encounters with Musical Pieces, IPSJ Journal, Vol.50, No.12, pp.2923-2936, December 2009
99
Poster title Music Information Research: Active Music Listening Interfaces and Singing Synthesis
Systems
Poster abstract I introduce the frontiers of music technologies by showing some examples of our research
on active music listening interfaces and singing synthesis systems.
Active music listening interfaces demonstrate how end users can benefit from music understanding technologies. Active music listening aims at allowing the user to understand better the music he or she listens to and
to actively influence the listening experience. For example, a web service for active music listening, "Songle"
(http://songle.jp), facilitates deeper understanding of music by visualizing its music scene descriptions estimated automatically, such as music structure, hierarchical beat structure, melody line, and chords. The user
can actively browse a song by jumping to a chorus or repeated section during playback.
Singing synthesis systems, "VocaListener" and "VocaWatcher", imitate singing expressions of the voice and
face of a human singer. VocaListener can synthesize natural singing voices by analyzing and imitating the
pitch and dynamics of the human singing. VocaWatcher can generate realistic facial motions of a humanoid
robot by analyzing and imitating facial motions of a human singing that are recorded by a single video camera.
These systems that focus on "imitation" are not only promising for representing human-like naturalness, but
also useful for providing intuitive control means.
100
First Name Christine
Last Name Guerlin
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 8559 Laboratoire Kastler Brossel
Address Département de Physique de l’ENS 24 rue Lhomond
75005 Paris France
Institution Université Pierre et Marie Curie
Tel + 33 1 40 51 23 61
Fax + 33 1 43 25 55 42
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.lkb.ens.fr
Participant category Speaker
Session field Physics and Astrophysics
Session title Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Research field Atomic physics - Quantum optics - Cold quantum gases
Statement of your research interests
My general research interests are in the field of fundamental physics, more particularly quantum physics and
its interface with other fields. I am interested in studying and using quantum coherence of atomic ensembles,
by interaction with light. I work today on atomic clocks, and on studying general relativity by sending cold atom
interferometers in space.
Recent most important publications
1. Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics with a Rydberg blocked atomic ensemble C. Guerlin, E. Brion, T. Esslinger
and K. Moelmer, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053832 (2010)
2. Dicke quantum phase transition with a superfluid gas in an optical cavity K. Baumann, C. Guerlin, F. Brennecke and T. Esslinger Nature 464, 1301 (2010)
3. Progressive field-state collapse and quantum non-demolition photon counting C. Guerlin, J. Bernu, S. Deléglise, C. Sayrin, S. Gleyzes, S. Kuhr, M. Brune, J.M. Raimond and S. Haroche Nature 448, 889-894 (2007)
4. Quantum jumps of light recording the birth and death of a photon in a cavity S. Gleyzes, S. Kuhr, C. Guerlin,
J. Bernu, S. Deléglise, U.B. Hoff, M. Brune, J.M. Raimond and S. Haroche Nature 446, 297-300 (2007)
101
First Name Patrick
Last Name Hennebelle
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory UMR 7158
Address Orme les merisiers CEA/Saclay 91191 Gif sur Yvette
Institution CEA
Tel + 33 1 69 08 99 87
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category General Participant
Session field Physics and Astrophysics
Session title Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Research Field Star formation, numerical simulation, fluid dynamics
Statement of your research interests
I study star formation, which a key process in our universe and interstellar gas dynamics. For this purpose,
I perform heavy numerical magneto-hydrodynamical simulations and analytical calculations.
Recent most important publications
1. Audit, E. ; Hennebelle, P., 2005A&A, 433 - 1 Thermal condensation in a turbulent atomic hydrogen flow
2. Hennebelle, Patrick ; Chabrier, Gilles, 2008ApJ, 684, 395 Analytical Theory for the Initial Mass Function :
CO Clumps and Prestellar Cores
3. Hennebelle, P. ; Fromang, S., 2008A&A, 477 - 9 Magnetic processes in a collapsing dense core. I. Accretion
and ejection
4. Joos, M. ; Hennebelle, P. ; Ciardi, A., 2012A&A, 543A.128 Protostellar disk formation and transport of angular momentum during magnetized core collapse
5. Hennebelle, Patrick ; Falgarone, Edith, 2012A&ARv..20, 55 Turbulent molecular clouds
Poster title Star formation and the interstellar cycle
Poster abstract Stars are the building blocks of our universe. On large scales, they determine the evolution of
galaxies while on small scales, they host planets like ours. Stars are also fundamental since they synthetize the
heavy elements, such as carbon and oxygen, which are essential for molecular complexity and eventually life.
While it is now well established that stars form through gravitational collapse within molecular clouds, the
details of this process remain largely unknown. In particular, at which rate they form?, what is their mass
distribution?, how do they feedback on the surrounding medium? are fundamental but partially understood
questions.
Another fundamental issue is how the protoplanetary disk, that form around the protostars and which will
eventually give raise to a solar system do form and evolve.
This field of research constitutes a good example of how collaborations between scientists of complementary
skills are necessary to make progress. Indeed, theory, numerical simulations and observations are all crucial
and must be developed in parallel.
102
First Name Toru
Last Name Hirahara
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Surface Transport Laboratory, Hasegawa Group
Address 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033
Institution University of Tokyo
Tel + 81 3 5841 4209
Fax + 81 3 5841 4209
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www-surface.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp
Participant category General Participant
Session field Materials Science
Session title Graphene the “miracle material”
Research field Experimental condensed-matter physics, surface, nanotechnology,
scanning tunneling microscopy, angle-resoved photoemission spectroscopy
Statement of your research interests
Statement of your research interests I study the low-dimensional systems at solid surfaces, particularly focusing on the peculiar physical properties of their electronic/atomic structure and transport phenomena using
angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and scanning tunneling microscope techniques. My main recent
research topic is the Rashba/topological surface states, which are spin-polarized electronic systems formed
on nonmagnetic materials. Since spin-dependent transport can be realized by applying an electric field in
these systems, they are promising for application in future low-energy consumption spintronic devices.
Recent most important publications
1. M. Yamada, T. Hirahara, and S. Hasegawa, “Magnetoresistance Measurements of a Superconducting Surface State of In-Induced and Pb-Induced Structures on Si(111)”, Physical Review Letters 110, 237001 (2013).
2. P. De Padova, P. Vogt, A. Resta, J. Avila, I. Razado-Colambo, C. Quaresima, C. Ottaviani, B. Olivieri, T. Bruhn,
T. Hirahara, T. Shirai, S. Hasegawa, M. C. Asensio, and G. Le Lay, “Evidence of Dirac fermions in multilayer
silicene”, Applied Physics Letters 102, 163106 (2013).
3. T. Hirahara et al., “Atomic and Electronic Structure of Ultrathin Bi(111) Films Grown on Bi2Te3(111) Substrates: Evidence for a Strain-Induced Topological Phase Transition”, Physical Review Letters 109, 227401
(2012).
4. M. D’Angelo, R. Yukawa, K. Ozawa, S. Yamamoto, T. Hirahara, S. Hasegawa, M. G. Silly, F. Sirotti, and I. Matsuda, “Hydrogen-Induced Surface Metallization of SrTiO3(001)”, Physical Review Letters 108, 116802 (2012).
5. T. Hirahara et al., “Interfacing 2D and 3D topological insulators: Bi(111) bilayer on Bi2Te3”, Physical Review
Letters 107, 166801 (2011).
103
Poster title Ultrathin Materials
Poster abstract When the thickness of materials becomes thin, novel properties or functions that are dif-
ferent from the three-dimensional bulk compound can be expected to appear. First, the quantum size effect will
come into play and the electronic states will be discretized. Further reducing the size will induce a dimensional
crossover from a three-dimensional material to a two-dimensional one. The most significant experimental
realization of this is graphene, which is a monolayer sheet of carbon. On the other hand, there are some cases
in which the interesting properties of materials become absent due to the size reduction. This is a key issue in
nanotechnology, in which we are currently making use of the intriguing properties mostly found in silicon. As
an alternative example, it is well known that superconductivity is usually suppressed in low-dimensional, thin
materials. Therefore, understanding the fundamental physical properties of thin materials, especially ultrathin
systems in the atomic scale, is a crucial issue in terms of basic science as well as application to nanotechnology. In my poster, I will show several examples of ultrathin materials other than graphene, such as silicene,
monoatomic layer superconducting films, and topological systems.
104
First Name Satoshi
Last Name Hirata
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Kumamoto Sanctuary, Wildlife Research Center, Kyoto University
Address 990 Otao, Misumi, Uki, Kumamoto, 869-3201 Japan
Institution University
Tel + 81 964 34 1130
Fax + 81 964 34 1131
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.wrc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/kumasa…
Participant category General Participant
Session field Life / Medical Science
Session title Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Research Field Comparative cognitive science, primatology, animal psychology, animal
behavior, evolution
Statement of your research interests
I am interested in the evolutionary basis of human mind and behavior. My major topic is social intelligence in
great apes. For example, I have been studying cooperation, deception, and social intelligence in great apes
from comparative cognitive science. I have also conducted field work to study wild chimpanzees, bonobos,
gorillas in Africa and orangutans in Malaysia.
Recent most important publications
1. Hirata, S., Matsuda, G., Ueno, A., Fukushima, H., Fuwa, K., Sugama, K., Kusunoki, K., Hiraki, K., Tomonaga,
M., & Hasegawa, T. (2013) Brain response to affective pictures in the chimpanzee. Scientific Reports, 3, 1342.
2. Sakai T, Hirata S, Fuwa K, Sugama K, Kusunoki K, Makishima H, Eguchi T, Yamada S, Ogihara N, & Takeshita
H. (2012). Fetal brain development in chimpanzees versus humans. Current Biology, 22(18), R791-792.
3. Myowa-Yamakoshi, M., Scola, C., & Hirata, S. (2012) Humans and chimpanzees attend differently to goaldirected actions. Nature Communications, 3, 693
4. Bril, B., Smaers, J., Steele, J., Rein, R., Nonaka, T., Dietrich, G., Biryukova, E., Hirata, S., & Roux, V. (2012)
Functional mastery of percussive technology in nut-cracking and stone-flaking actions: experimental comparison and implications for the evolution of the human brain. The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
B : Biological Sciences, 367, 59–74.
5. Hirata, S., Fuwa, K., Sugama, K., Kusunoki, K., & Takeshita, H.. (2011) Mechanism of birth in chimpanzees :
humans are not unique among primates. Biology Letters, 7, 686-688.
Poster Title Humans and chimpanzees attend differently to goal-directed actions
Poster Abstract Humans comprehend the actions of others by making inferences about intentional mental
states of another. However, little is known about how this capacity develops and whether this is shared with
other animals. Here we show the ontogenetic and evolutionary foundations of this ability by comparing the eye
movements of 8- and 12-month-old human infants, adults and chimpanzees as they watched videos presenting
goal-directed and non-goal-directed actions by an actor. We find that chimpanzees anticipate action goals in
the same way as do human adults. Humans and chimpanzees, however, scan goal-directed actions differently.
Humans, particularly infants, refer to actors’ faces significantly more than do chimpanzees. In human adults,
attentional allocation to an actor’s face changes as the goal-directed actions proceed. In the case of non-goaldirected actions, human adults attend less often to faces relative to goal-directed actions. These findings indicate
that humans have a predisposition to observe goal-directed actions by integrating information from the actor.
105
First Name Akiyoshi
Last Name Hishikawa
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Department of Chemistry
Address Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602
Institution Nagoya University
Tel + 81 52-789 2494
Fax + 81 52-789 2944
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://photon.chem.nagoya-u.ac.jp/H…
Participant category PGM
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
Research Field Photo-Physical Chemistry, Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Intense Laser
Science, Ultrafast Spectroscopy
Statement of your research interests
We are exploring a new research field of chemistry by utilizing the full functions of light. In particular, we focus
on the following research directions: (A) Understanding of ultrafast dynamics of electrons and molecules in
intense leaser fields and their control, (B) Ultrafast imaging of chemical reactions, © Generation and application of laser high-order harmonics.
Recent most important publications
1. Hikosaka, M. Fushitani, A. Matsuda, T. Endo, Y. Toida, E. Shigemasa, M. Nagasono, K. Tono, T. Togashi, M.
Yabashi, T. Ishikawa and A. Hishikawa, “Resonances in three-photon double ionization of Ar in intense extreme
ultraviolet free-electron laser fields studied by shot-by-shot photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A, 88,
023421 (6 pages) (2013).
2. C.-N. Liu, A. Hishikawa, T. Morishita, “Two-electron dynamics in nonlinear double excitation of helium by
intense ultrashort extreme-ultraviolet pulses,” Phys. Rev. A, 86, 053426 (13 pages) (2012).
3. A. Hishikawa, M. Fushitani, Y. Hikosaka, A. Matsuda, C.-N. Liu, T. Morishita, E. Shigemasa, M. Nagasono,
K. Tono, T. Togashi, H. Ohashi, H. Kimura, Y. Senba, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Enhanced nonlinear double
excitation of He in intense EUV laser fields,“ Phys. Rev. Lett., 107, 243003 (5 pages) (2011).
4. A. Matsuda, M. Fushitani, E.J. Takahashi, and A. Hishikawa, ”Visualizing hydrogen atoms migrating in
acetylene dication by time-resolved three-body and four-body Coulomb explosion imaging,” Phys. Chem.
Chem. Phys. 13, 8697-8704 (2011).
5. M. Fushitani, A. Matsuda and A. Hishikawa, “Time-resolved EUV photoelectron spectroscopy of dissociating
I2 by laser harmonics at 80 nm,” Opt. Express, 19, 9600-9606 (2011).
106
First Name Taro
Last Name Hitosugi
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Advanced Institute for Materials Research (AIMR)
Address 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba, Sendai, Japan
Institution Tohoku University
Tel + 81 80 3334 3048
Fax + 81 22 217 5944
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.wpi-aimr.tohoku.ac.jp/hi
Participant category PGM
Session field Materials Science
Session title Graphene, the “miracle material”
Research field Solid state chemistry/physics, surface/interface science
Statement of your research interests
Strong interest in oxide materials, low dimensional system, and interface properties. Keywords: oxides, Lithium ion battery, scanning tunneling microscopy, thin films, interfaces, heterostructures, graphene, transparent materials
Recent most important publications
1. “Impact of lithium-ion ordering pattern on surface electronic states of a lithium-ion-battery cathode material” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 126104 (2013).
2. “Effects of atomic collisions on the stoichiometry of thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition” Phys
Rev. Lett. 111, 036101 (2013).
3. “Growth processes of lithium titanate thin films deposited by using pulsed laser deposition” Appl. Phys.
Lett. 101, 123103 (2012).
4. “Effect of oxygen deficiencies on SrTiO3(001) surface reconstructions” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 263106
(2012).
5. “Atomic-scale visualization of initial growth of homoepitaxial SrTiO3 thin film on an atomically ordered
substrate" ACS Nano 5, 7967–7971 (2011).
107
First Name Thierry
Last Name HOQUET
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory EA 4187 Institut de Recherches Philosophiques de Lyon
(IRPHIL)
Address 18 rue Chevreul 69007 Lyon France
Institution Université Lyon 3
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://facdephilo.univ-lyon3.fr/men…
Participant category PGM
Session field Social Sciences / Humanities
Session title Happiness
Research Field Philosophy of Life Sciences
Statement of your research interests
My research focuses on three different topics: (1) eighteenth- and nineteenth-century natural sciences (mostly
Buffon and Linnaeus ; natural method in botany) ; (2) Darwin and Darwinism : I focus especially on the concept
of variation ; (3) the history of the concept of sex in biology, with an interest for its definition. Dr Hoquet is a
scientific editor of the website www.cnrs.buffon.fr, and a member of the Boards of several journals (Critique,
Corpus, Bionomina-International Journal for Biological Nomenclature and Terminology).
Recent most important publications
Two books (in French) : Darwin contre Darwin (Le Seuil, 2009) and Cyborg Philosophie. Penser contre les
dualismes (Le Seuil, 2011). Translation of the first edition of the Origin of species in French, Le Seuil, 2013.
« Translating natural selection: true concept, but false term? », Bionomina, 3 (2011), pp. 1-23. « Translating
“natural selection” in Japanese : from “shizen tõta” to “shizen sentaku”, and back? » (en collaboration avec
KIJIMA Taizo), Bionomina, 6 (28 juin 2013), pp. 26–48. «Is sociobiology amendable? Feminist and Darwinian
women biologists confront the paradigm of sexual selection », Diogenes, 225 (2010), pp. 113-126.
108
First Name Seiya
Last Name Imoto
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Laboratory of DNA Information Analysis,
Human Genome Center, The Institute of Medical Science,
The University of Tokyo
Address 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-8639, Japan
Institution The University of Tokyo
Tel + 81 3 5449 5615
Fax + 81 3 5449 5442
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://bonsai.hgc.jp/ imoto/
Participant category Chair
Session field Mathematics / Informatics
Session title Bayesian Statistics
Research field Bioinformatics, Systems Biology, Statistics
Statement of your research interests
His research interests cover statistical analysis of high dimensional data by Bayesian approach, biomedical
information analysis, transcriptome data analysis, gene network analysis for computational drug target discovery
and resequencing data analysis towards personalized medicine.
Recent most important publications
1. M. Kayano, S. Imoto, R. Yamaguchi, S. Miyano (2013) Multi-omics approach for estimating metabolic
networks using low-order partial correlations. Journal of Computational Biology, 20(8):571-582.
2. A. Niida, S. Imoto, T. Shimamura, S. Miyano (2012) Statistical model-based testing to evaluate the recurrence
of genomic aberrations, Bioinformatics, 28, i115-i120.
3. S. Kawano, T. Shimamura, A. Niida, S. Imoto, R. Yamaguchi, M. Nagasaki, R. Yoshida, C. Print, S. Miyano
(2012) Identifying gene pathways associated with cancer characteristics via sparse statistical methods, IEEE/
ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, 9(4):966-972.
4. Y. Tamada, S. Imoto, S. Miyano (2011) Parallel algorithm for learning optimal Bayesian network structure,
Journal of Machine Learning Research, 12, 2437-2459.
5. K. Kojima, E. Perrier, S. Imoto, S. Miyano (2010) Optimal search on clustered structural constraint for learning
Bayesian network structure, Journal of Machine Learning Research, 11, 285-310.
109
First Name Lucile
Last Name JOLY-POTTUZ
Position held Researcher
Laboratory MATEIS UMR 5510 and ELyT Lab
Address Bât Blaise Pascal - 1er étage 7 avenue Jean Capelle F-69621
Villeurbanne
Institution INSA Lyon
Tel + 33 4 72 43 71 02
Fax + 33 4 72 43 79 30
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://mateis.insa-lyon.fr/
Participant category General Participant
Session field Life / Medical Science
Session title Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Research Field Transmission electron microscopy, ceramic materials, nanoindentation
Statement of your research interests
Developpement of innovating tools to characterize the ceramic materials:
nanoindentation inside a transmission electron microscope to determine the plasticity at the nanometer scale
transmission electron microscopes techniques to characterize nanoparticles inside biological cells (nanoparticles due to the wear of ceramic implants or nanoparticles used for the therapy of cancer)
computer simulations (molecular dynamics, DFT) to better understand the behavior of ceramic materials, and
coupling with experimental results
Recent most important publications
1. Real time TEM observation of alumina ceramic nano-particles during compression. E. Calvie, L. Joly-Pottuz,
C. Esnouf, P. Clément, V. Garnier, J. Chevalier, Y. Jorand, A. Malchère, T. Epicier, K. Masenelli-Varlot, Journal of
the European Ceramic Society, 2012, vol. 32, pp. 2067-2071
2. Evidence for the formation of distorted nano-domains involved in the phase transformation of stabilizedzirconia by coupling Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction and in situ TEM nanoindentation. E. Calvié, L.
Joly-Pottuz, C. Esnouf, T. Douillard, L. Gremillard, A. Malchère, J. Chevalier, K. Masenelli-Varlot, Acta Materialia,
2013, vol. 61, pp. 174-182
3. A global investigation into in situ nanoindentation experiments on zirconia: from the sample geometry optimization to the stress nanolocalization using convergent beam electron diffraction. E. Calvié, L. Joly-Pottuz, C.
Esnouf, T. Douillard, L. Gremillard, A. Malchere, K. Masenelli-Varlot, Journal of Microscopy, 2013, vol. 249 (2),
pp. 99-110
4. Internalization pathways into cancer cells of gadolinium-based radiosensitizing nanoparticles. W. Rima, L.
Sancey, M.T. Aloy, E. Armandy, G.B. Alcantara, T. Epicier, A. Malchère, L. Joly-Pottuz, Pierre Mowat, François
Lux, O.Tillement, B. Burdin, A. Rivoire, C. Boulé, I. Anselme-Bertrand, J. Pourchez, M. Cottier, S. Roux, C. Rodriguez-Lafrasse, P. Perriat, Biomaterials, 2013, vol. 34, pp. 181-195
110
Poster title Innovative tools for characterizing ceramic materials
Poster abstract A better understanding of the behavior of the ceramic materials at the nanometer scale
may have a great interest in order to enhance their processing or their mechanical properties. Nanoindentation experiments were developed to study and to observe the behavior of nanometer-size nanoparticles. First
results obtained are not obvious and may have a strong impact on the compaction process prior to sintering.
Another approach was also developed to better characterize the ceramics: a coupling of transmission electron
microscopy and simulation works (molecular dynamics and density functional theory). This second approach
was developed in the framework of an international laboratory between Lyon and Sendai (ELyT laboratory).
111
First Name Christophe
Last Name Josserand
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Institut D’Alembert, UMR 7190
Address Institut D’Alembert, Case 162, Tour 55-65 UPMC,
4, Place Jussieu 75005 Paris
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 1 44 27 72 61
Fax + 33 1 44 27 52 59
E.mail [email protected]
URL www.lmm.jussieu.fr/ josseran
Participant category Chair
Session field Physics and Astrophysics
Session title Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Research Field Supersolidity, Fluid Mechanics, Wave Turbulence
Statement of your research interests
With collaborators, we have developed a mean-field model for supersolidity. We show there that crystal order
can exist with superfluid properties. One of my main interest is in fluid mechanics where I try to understand
the pertinent physical mechanisms involved in the splashing of a liquid drop. I work also on wave-turbulence,
in particular on vibrating elastic plates, where the turbulence state is obtained by a balance between rapid
oscillating modes and nonlinear terms.
Recent most important publications
1. P. Mason, C. Josserand and S. Rica, "Activated Nucleation of Vortices in a Dipole-Blockaded Supersolid
Condensate", Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 045301 (2012).
2. B. Miquel, A. Alexakis, C. Josserand andN. Mordant ``Transition from wave turbulence to dynamical crumpling
in vibrated elastic plates", Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 054302 (2013).
3. A. Antkowiak, B. Audoly, C. Josserand, S. Neukirch and M. Rivetti, "Instant fabrication and selection of
folded structures using drop impact" PNAS 108, 10400—10404 (2011).
4. L. Duchemin and C. Josserand, "Curvature singularity and film-skating during drop impact", Phys. Fluids
23, 091701 (2011).
5. \item G. Lagubeau, M.A. Fontelos, C. Josserand, A. Maurel, V. Pagneux and P. Petitjeans, "Spreading dynamics of drop impacts", J. Fluid Mech. 713, 50—60 (2012).
112
First Name Aitaro
Last Name Kato
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo
Address 113-0032 1-1-1 Yaoyoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Institution University
Tel + 81 3 58 41 57 87
Fax + 81 3 56 89 72 34
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.eri.u-tokyo.ac.jp/akato
Participant category Chair
Session field Earth Science / Environment
Session title Earthquakes and Associated Risks
Research field Seismology
Statement of your research interests
I am interested in studying how earthquakes nucleate in the Earth. Based on analysis of continuous seismic waveforms, I have recently been involved with seismicity analysis such as foreshocks, aftershocks and
induced seismicity. In addition, because heterogeneity in fault zone may play an important role to concentrate
stress, I have imaged highly-resolved crustal structures by deploying many portable seismic stations and
discussed the link between the structural anomaly and seismicity.
Recent most important publications
1. Kato, A., K. Obara, T. Igarashi, H. Tsuruoka, S. Nakagawa and N. Hirata (2012), Propagation of Slow Slip Leading Up to the 2011Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake, Science, 335, 705-708, doi : 10.1126/science.1215141.
2. Kato, A., and T. Igarashi (2012), Regional extent of the large coseismic slip zone of the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki
earthquake delineated by on-fault aftershocks, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L15301, doi:10.1029/2012GL052220.
3. Kato, A., S. Sakai, K. Obara (2011), A normal-faulting seismic sequence triggered by the 2011 off the Pacific
coast of Tohoku Earthquake: Wholesale stress regime changes in the upper plate, Earth Planets Space, 63,
745–748.
4. Kato, A., et al. (2010), Variations of fluid pressure within the subducting oceanic crust and slow earthquakes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L14310, doi:10.1029/2010GL043723.
5. Kato, A., et al. (2009), Reactivation of ancient rift systems triggers devastating intraplate earthquakes,
Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L05301, doi:10.1029/2008GL036450.
113
First Name Iordanis
Last Name Kerenidis
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 7089 Laboratoire d’Informatique Algorithmique:
Fondements et Applications
Address Université Paris 7 - Paris Diderot LIAFA (Case 7014)
Bâtiment Sophie Germain 75205 Paris Cedex 13
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 6 51 08 60 79
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.liafa.univ-paris-diderot
Participant category General Participant
Session field Mathematics / Informatics
Session title Bayesian Statistics
Research field quantum computation, complexity theory, algorithms, theoretical computer
science, cryptography
Statement of your research interests
Quantum Information Processing carries the promise to revolutionize the future of information technologies.
My long-term vision is a network of quantum and classical devices, where agents have the ability to communicate efficiently and securely. The concrete objectives of my research are to : design and analyse the security of
quantum cryptographic protocols; study the power of quantum communication ; use state-of-the-art photonic
systems to implement complex communicating two- and multi-party protocols.
Recent most important publications
1. Lower bounds on information complexity via zero-communication protocols and applications Iordanis Kerenidis, Sophie Laplante, Virginie Lerays, Jeremie Roland, David Xiao [FOCS 12] 53rd Annual Symposium on
Foundations of Computer Science, 2012
2. Optimal bounds for quantum bit commitment Andre Chailloux, Iordanis Kerenidis [FOCS 11] 52th Annual
IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, 2011.
3. Optimal quantum strong coin flipping Andre Chailloux, Iordanis Kerenidis [FOCS 09] 50th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, Atlanta, 2009
4. Exponential separations for one-way quantum communication complexity, with applications to cryptography
D Gavinsky,J Kempe,I Kerenidis,R Raz,R de Wolf [SICOMP 08] SIAM Journal of Computing, Volume 38, Issue 5,
pp. 1695-1708, 2008. [STOC 07] Proceedings of ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, 2007.
5. Exponential Lower Bound for 2-Query Locally Decodable Codes Iordanis Kerenidis, Ronald de Wolf [JCSS
04, special STOC issue] J Computer and System Sciences (JCSS), 69(3):395-420, 2004 - [STOC 03] Proceedings of ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, 2004
114
Poster title Quantum Cryptography: in theory and in practice
Poster abstract Quantum Information Processing has the potential to revolutionize the future of informa-
tion technologies. A tremendous research effort by computer scientists, physicists, mathematicians, engineers, has been put into addressing each of the major challenges in the area, from quantum algorithms and
complexity to quantum cryptography, to large-scale realizations of quantum computers. Shor's algorithm for
factoring shows that most currently used classical security systems, such as RSA, are vulnerable against
quantum computers. In addition, the ability to communicate over quantum channels has made it possible to
revisit unconditionally secure cryptography. In one of the most celebrated results in quantum computation,
Bennett and Brassard showed that it is possible for two parties to distribute a secret key in a way that is
unconditionally secure against all attacks. It is important to note that there have been real implementations of
key distribution over hundreds of kilometers. In this poster, I am presenting some fundamental results in the
area of quantum cryptography both from a theoretical and experimental perspective.
115
First Name Chika
Last Name Kinoshita
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Graduate School of Humanities
Address 1-1 Minami Osawa Hachioji-shi, Tokyo - 192-0397, Japan
Institution Tokyo Metropolitan University
Tel + 81 42 67 72 19 6
E.mail mail [email protected]
Participant category General Participant
Session field Social Sciences / Humanities
Session title Happiness
Research field Film studies
Statement of your research interests
Culture and gender/sexuality, and intermediality. My forthcoming book (from Hosei University Press) examines
the film director Kenji Mizoguchi’s films within the context of Japanese modernity, focusing on the issues of
women. My current project, titled “pregnancy film,” investigates the history of representation of pregnancy,
abortion, and childbirth in Japanese film and popular culture in relation to politics, medicine, and technology.
Recent most important publications
1. “The Edge of Montage: A Case of Modernism/Modanizumu in Japanese Cinema.” In Oxford Handbook for
Japanese Cinema, edited by Daisuke Miyao, 130-157. New York: Oxford UP, forthcoming, January 2014.
2. “Kakumei zen’ya: Mizoguchi Kenji no Tôjin Okichi (1930 nen)” [Before the Revolution : Mizoguchi Kenji’s The
Foreigner’s Okichi (1930)], Eizôgaku [Japanese Journal of Image Arts and Sciences] no. 89 (Winter 2012) : 22-40.
3. “Tsuma no sentaku : sengo minshushugiteki chûzetsu eiga no keifu” [Wife’s Choice: A Genealogy of Abortion Films in the Context of Postwar Democracy]. In Sengo Nihon eiga ron : 1950 nendai o yomu, edited by
Mitsuyo Wada-Marciano, 143-70. Tokyo : Seikyû-sha, 2012.
4. “The Benshi Track: Mizoguchi Kenji’s The Downfall of Osen (1935) and the Sound Transition," Cinema Journal 50 no. 3 (Spring 2011) : 1-25.
5. “Saiki suru merodorama: Makino Masahiro no Onna keizu (1942) to kankyaku no kanôsei” [A Reflective
Melodrama: Makino Masahiro’s The Genealogy of a Women (1942) and the Possibilities of the Spectator/
Audience]. In Kankyaku eno apurôchi, edited by Fujiki Hideaki, 199-228. Tokyo : Shinwa-sha, 2011.
116
First Name Masaki
Last Name Kita
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry, Division of Chemistry,
Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Address 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, 305-8571, Japan
Institution University of Tsukuba
Tel + 81 29 853 4526
Fax + 81 29 853 4313
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.chem.tsukuba.ac.jp/kigos
Participant category General Participant
Session field Life / Medical Science
Session title Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Research field Bioorganic chemistry
Statement of your research interests
The discovery of new bioactive molecules, facilitated by a deeper understanding of nature, will advance our
knowledge of biological processes and lead to new strategies to treat disease. My research aim is to clarify
the structures and functions of such small key molecules that regulate dynamic living systems. I’m particularly interested in biologically and ecologically unique phenomena, such as molecular evolutions of vertebrate
venoms, marine symbiotic relationships, and antitumor compounds of marine origin.
Recent most important publications
1. M. Kita, Y. Hirayama, K. Yamagishi, K. Yoneda, R. Fujisawa, H. Kigoshi: Interactions of the Antitumor Macrolide Aplyronine A with Actin and Actin-related Proteins Established by Its Versatile Photoaffinity Derivatives. J.
Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 20314–20317 (2012).
2. M. Kita: Bioorganic Studies on the Venom from Duckbill Platypus. Pure Appl. Chem. 84, 1317–1328 (2012).
3. M. Kita, Y. Hirayama, M. Sugiyama, H. Kigoshi: Development of Highly Cytotoxic and Actin-depolymerizing
Biotin Derivatives of Aplyronine A. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50, 9871–9874 (2011).
4. M. Kita, D. StC. Black, O. Ohno, K. Yamada, H. Kigoshi, D. Uemura: Duck-billed Platypus Venom Peptides
Induce Ca2+ Influx in Neuroblastoma Cells. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 18038–18039 (2009).
5. D. Uemura, M. Kita, H. Arimoto, M. Kitamura: Recent Aspects of Chemical Ecology -Natural Toxins, Coral
Communities, and Symbiotic Relationships-. Pure Appl. Chem. 81, 1093–1111 (2009).
117
Poster title Inhibition of microtubule assembly by an actin-aplyronine A complex
Poster abstract The discovery of bioactive natural products often triggers the development of basic concepts
in the field of biological sciences, since these compounds have direct physiological and behavioral effects
on living organisms. Recent technological advancements including spectroscopic analyses and genetic approaches have provided outstanding opportunities for new discoveries, even in the case of scarce, unstable,
and composite compounds. These compounds should provide a rich source of chemical diversity that could be
used to design and develop new potentially useful therapeutic agents and pharmacological tools, such as anticancer, antimicrobial, or antiviral drugs. Aplyronine A (ApA) is a rare marine natural product that shows potent
antitumor activity. However, its molecular targets and mechanisms of action in cells have remained unclear.
By using fluorescence microscopy observations and photoaffinity-tag experiments, we now show that ApA
synergistically binds to tubulin in association with actin, inhibits tubulin polymerization, and prevents spindle
formation and mitosis in tumor cells. Tubulin-targeting agents have been widely used in cancer chemotherapy.
To our knowledge, however, there are no previous descriptions of microtubule inhibitors that also bind to actin
and affect microfilament dynamics. Our studies of ApA provide further insights into the molecular mechanisms
of structurally diverse natural products that regulate cytoskeletal dynamics
118
First Name Ikuko
Last Name Kitaba
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Kobe University Research Center for Inland Seas (KURCIS)
Address 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 JAPAN
Institution Kobe University
Tel + 81 78 803 5748
E.mail [email protected]
URL URL http://www.research.kobe-u.ac.jp/fs
Participant category General Participant
Session field Earth Science / Environment
Session title Earthquakes and associated risks
Research field Paleoclimate
Statement of your research interests
My research interests include geomagnetic impact on climate, pollen and diatom-based quantitative
environment reconstruction, climate and sea-level changes during the Mid-Pleistocene Climate Transition
(MPT), climate change and migration of Homo erectus to Indonesia, growth environment and pollen morphology
of extinct beech trees and development of marker grains, specifically for palynology.
Recent most important publications
1. Ikuko Kitaba, Masayuki Hyodo, Shigehiro Katoh, David L. Dettman, Hiroshi Sato (2013) Mid-latitude cooling
caused by geomagnetic field minimum during polarity reversal, Proceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences USA, 110, 1215-1220.
2. Ikuko Kitaba, Masayuki Hyodo, Shigehiro Katoh, Mariko Matsushita (2012) Phase-lagged warming and
disruption in climatic rhythm during the Matuyama-Brunhes magnetic polarity transition, Gondwana Research,
21, 595-600.
3. Masayuki Hyodo, Shuji Matsu’ura, Yuko Kamishima, Megumi Kondo, Yoshihiro Takeshita, Ikuko Kitaba,
Tohru Danhara, Fachroel Aziz, Iwan Kurniawan, Hisao Kumai (2011) High-resolution record of the MatuyamaBrunhes transition constrains the age of Javanese Homo erectus in the Sangiran Dome, Indonesia, Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 108, 19563-19568.
4. Ikuko Kitaba, Mao Harada, Masayuki Hyodo, Shigehiro Katoh, Hiroshi Sato, Mariko Matsushita (2011) MIS
21 and the Mid-Pleistocene Climate Transition: Climate and sea-level variation from a sediment core in Osaka
Bay, Japan, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 299, 227-239.
5. Ikuko Kitaba, Chisa Iwabe, Masayuki Hyodo, Shigehiro Katoh, Mariko Matsushita (2009) High-resolution
climate stratigraphy across the Matuyama-Brunhes transition from palynological data of Osaka Bay sediments
in southwestern Japan, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.
119
Poster title Major weakening of geomagnetic field causes climatic cooling
Poster abstract Observed correlation between galactic cosmic ray (CR) flux and cloud cover suggested that
variations in geomagnetic field intensity may change the climate through modulation of CR flux. However, this
hypothesis was not backed up by robust geological evidence. Here we present paleoclimate and paleoenvironment records of five interglacial periods that include two geomagnetic polarity reversals. During the
geomagnetic reversal, the shielding effect of the geomagnetic field is greatly reduced and CR flux almost
doubled. Two interglacial periods, 19 and 31, contain anomalous cooling intervals within the warmest phase,
which corresponds to the Matuyama–Brunhes and Lower Jaramillo geomagnetic reversals, respectively. This
contrasts strongly with the typical interglacial periods that do not have any such abnormal cooling during
the warmest phase. The cooling occurred when the field intensity dropped to <40% of its present value, for
which we estimate >40% increase in CR flux. The climate warmed rapidly when field intensity recovered. A
relatively cool climate during these geomagnetic polarity reversals is observed in other regions across the low
and middle latitudes. We suggest that geomagnetic field intensity can influence global climate through the
modulation of CR flux.
120
First Name Takashi
Last Name Kurata
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN)
Address 457-4 Kamigamo-Motoyama, Kita-ku, Kyoto 6038047 JAPAN
Institution National Institutes for the Humanities
Tel + 81 75 707 2382
Fax + 81 75 707 2513
E.mail [email protected]
URL www.chikyu.ac.jp
Participant category Speaker
Session field Social Sciences / Humanities
Session title Happiness
Research Field Philosophy, Art, Design, Architecture, Environmental Ethics
Statement of your research interests
Examining philosophically the new vision of our daily life by comparing the current waves in various genres,
such as art, design, architecture and agriculture. At the same time, creating the occasions to dialogue with
people in order to share the opinions on related topics within our own society.
Recent most important publications
Kurata, Takashi (ed.), " Mingei no Lesson : Tsutanasa no Giho (The Lessons of Japanese Folk Crafts : In Search
of the Awkward Technique)," Tokyo, 2012.
121
First Name Luc
Last Name MALLET
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory UPMC-Inserm U 1127-CNRS UMR 7225
Address ICM – Brain & Spine Institute – Room 3029 Pitié-Salpêtrière
Hospital 47, Bd de L’Hôpital – 75013 Paris
Institution INSERM
Tel + 33 1 57 27 43 93
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.icm-institute.org/
Participant category Speaker
Session field Life / Medical Science
Session title Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Research field Psychiatry, Clinical research, Pathophysiology, Therapeutic innovation
Statement of your research interests
To study the behavioural aspects of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) and to develop novel therapies in psychiatry.
My main focus of research is the identification of processes involved in the treatment of information by the
basal ganglia and its links to psychopathology as well as the development of innovative treatments for severe
neuropsychiatric disorders that are resistant to medical therapy.
Recent most important publications
1. Burbaud P, Clair AH, Langbour N, Fernandez-Vidal S, Goillandeau M, Michelet T, Bardinet E, Chéreau I, Durif
F, Polosan M, Chabardès S, Fontaine D, Magnié-Mauro MN, Houeto JL, Bataille B, Millet B, Vérin M, Baup N,
Krebs MO, Cornu P, Pelissolo A, Arbus C, Simonetta-Moreau M, Yelnik J, Welter ML, Mallet L. Neuronal activity correlated with checking behaviour in the subthalamic nucleus of OCD patients. Brain, 2013 Jan ;136(Pt
1):304-17
2. Mallet L, Polosan M, Jaafari N, Baup N, Welter ML, Fontaine D, du Montcel ST, Yelnik J, Chereau I, Arbus
C, Raoul S, Aouizerate B, Damier P, Chabardes S, Czernecki V, Ardouin C, Krebs MO, Bardinet E, Chaynes P,
Burbaud P, Cornu P, Derost P, Bougerol T, Bataille B, Mattei V, Dormont D, Devaux B, Verin M, Houeto JL, Pollak
P, Benabid AL, Agid Y, Krack P, Millet B, Pelissolo A. Subthalamic nucleus stimulation in severe obsessive-compulsive disorder. N Engl J Med 2008; 359: 2121-2134.
3. Welter ML*, Mallet L*, Houeto JL, Karachi C, Czernecki V, Cornu P, Navarro S, Pidoux B, Dormont D, Bardinet
E, Yelnik J, Damier P, Agid Y. Internal pallidal and thalamic stimulation in patients with Tourette syndrome. Arch
Neurol 2008; 65: 952-957.
4. Mallet L, Schupbach M, N’Diaye K, Remy P, Bardinet E, Czernecki V, Welter ML, Pelissolo A, Ruberg M, Agid
Y, Yelnik J. Stimulation of subterritories of the subthalamic nucleus reveals its role in the integration of the
emotional and motor aspects of behavior. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2007; 104: 10661-10666.
5. Mallet L, Mesnage V, Houeto JL, Pelissolo A, Yelnik J, Behar C, Gargiulo M, Welter ML, Bonnet AM, Pillon B,
Cornu P, Dormont D, Pidoux B, Allilaire JF, Agid Y. Compulsions, Parkinson’s disease, and stimulation. Lancet
2002; 360: 1302-1304.
122
First Name Shigeyuki
Last Name Masaoka
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Masaoka Group
Address Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural
Sciences Higashiyama 5-1, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8787, JAPAN
Institution Institute for Molecular Science
Tel + 81 564 59 5587
Fax + 81 564 59-5589
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://groups.ims.ac.jp/organizatio…
Participant category General Participant
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
Research Field Inorganic chemistry, Catalysis, Photosynthesis, Electrochemistry
Statement of your research interests
Chemistry of transition metal complexes toward artificial photosynthesis
Recent most important publications
1. Photoinduced Hydrogen Evolution from Water Based on a Z-Scheme Photosynthesis by a Simple Platinum(II)
Terpyridine Derivative, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2012, 51, 7431-7434.
2. Self-assembly of Tubular Microstructures from Mixed-valence Metal Complexes and their Reversible Transformation via External Stimuli, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2012, 51, 656-659.
3. Kinetics and DFT Studies on Water Oxidation by Ce4+ Catalyzed by [Ru(terpy)(bpy)(OH2)]2+, Chem. Commun., 2012, 48, 239-241.
4. Evidence for Pt(II)-Based Molecular Catalysis in the Thermal Reduction of Water into Molecular Hydrogen,
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2009, 131, 8404–8406.
5. Clear Evidence Showing the Robustness of a Highly Active Oxygen-Evolving Mononuclear Ruthenium Complex
with an Aqua Ligand, Chem. Lett., 2009, 38, 182-183.
Poster title Water Oxidation Catalyzed by Artificial Transition Metal Complexes
Poster abstract Water oxidation (2H2O → O2 + 4H+ + 4e–) is considered the main bottleneck in the pro-
duction of chemical fuels from sunlight and/or electricity. In nature, the water oxidation is efficiently catalyzed
by the oxygen evolving complex (OEC) in photosystem II (PSII). Because the replication or extraction of OEC is
extremely difficult, some synthetic molecular catalysts have been investigated in the last decades. However,
the development of efficient, robust and abundant metal-based molecular catalysts remains a challenging
target. We have investigated the development of water oxidation catalysts by transition metal complexes.
Recently, we reported that some mononuclear ruthenium complexes serve as efficient catalysts for this reaction.
This finding has become a breakthrough because most of researchers in this field believed that the four-electron
process leading to O2 evolution from water could be much more efficiently accelerated by use of two or more
metal centers. In this poster, the O2-evolving catalysis of these mononuclear ruthenium complexes, together
with the mechanism of the O2-evolving catalysis, will be discussed.
123
First Name Tetsuya
Last Name Matsuda
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Tamagawa University Brain Science Institute
Address 6-1-1, Tamagawa Gakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8610, Japan
Institution University
Tel + 81 42 739 8265
Fax + 81 42 739 8265
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category General Participant
Session field Life/Medical Science
Session title Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Research Field neuroscience, neuroimaging, psychiatry, social neuroscience
Statement of your research interests
I am interested in relationship between neural dysfunction and a symptom of psychiatric disorder. I have a
neuroimageing technique, especially fMRI. Now I also started to develop new psychiatric clinical treatment
technique using fMRI, which is neurofeedback using real-time fMRI.
Recent most important publications
1. Ito T, Wu DA, Marutani T, Yamamoto M, Suzuki H, Shimojo S, Matsuda T. Changing the mind? Not really
activity and connectivity in the caudate correlates with changes of choice. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2013 Oct
7. [Epub ahead of print]
2. Yamada M, Camerer CF, Fujie S, Kato M, Matsuda T, Takano H, Ito H, Suhara T, Takahashi H. Neural circuits
in the brain that are activated when mitigating criminal sentences. Nature Communications. 2012, 3, 759.
3. Watanabe K, Matsuda T, Nishioka T, Namatame M. Eye gaze during observation of static faces in deaf
people. PloS ONE. 2011, 6(2), 216919.
4. Marutani T, Yahata N, Ikeda Y, Ito T, Yamamoto M, Matsuura M, Matsushima E, Okubo Y, Suzuki H, Matsuda
T. Functional magnetic resonance imaging study on the effects of acute single administration of paroxetine on
motivation-related brain activity. Psychiatry and Clin. Neurosci. 2011, 65(2), 191-198.
5. Motoshita M, Matsuura M, Ohkubo T, Ohkubo H, Kanaka N, Matsushima E, Taira M, Kojima T, Matsuda T.
Hyperfrontality in patients with schizophrenia during saccade and antisaccade tasks : a study with fMRI. Psychiatry and Clin. Neurosci. 2009, 63(2), 209-217.
Poster Title Neural activity modulation employing Real-time fMRI-based Neuro-feedback
Poster Abstract Neuro-feedback refers to the method whereby a subject monitors his/her own neural
activity in a particular brain region of interest, and gains the ability to willfully control the level of neural
activity. Recently, self-monitoring of neural activity in subcortical and other deep brain areas, as well as areas
related to higher-order brain function, became possible with the development of real-time fMRI. The purpose
of this research is to determine whether fMRI-based Neuro-feedback training holds promise for improving
the emotional and social cognition of individuals with psychiatric disorders which have been difficult to treat
using drugs alone. This is a nascent research area as there have been few reports so far on fMRI-based neurofeedback training for the treatment of psychiatric disorders such as those mentioned above. It is evident that
subjects are able to increase amygdala activity through neuro-feedback training, and that in order to willfully
control amygdala activity, simultaneous activity in the insula and MPFC are necessary. From these results, it
appears that the rehabilitation of psychiatric patients may be a plausible application of biofeedback training.
124
First Name Mitsuo
Last Name Matsumoto
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP)
Address 1-31 Machikane-yama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 Japan
Institution Osaka University
Tel + 81 6 6850 5645
Fax + 81 6 6850 5656
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.osipp.osaka-u.ac.jp/en/s
Participant category General Participant
Session field Social Sciences / Humanities
Session title Happiness
Research field administrative law, environmental law, water law
Statement of your research interests
I am a researcher of administrative law, environmental law, water law, and legal philosophy. My researches
focus on issues surrounding the sustainability of our society, economy and the environment from legal perspective, such as integrated governance of waters, energy path, and land use. I try to improve the quality of
my interdisciplinary study by limiting the number of locations (i.e. balancing flood mitigation, diversion for
irrigation and hydropower generation, and fish conservation in the Yodo River Basin).
Recent most important publications
1. Restructuring the Risk Regulations for Nuclear Facilities: on the Regulatory Reform after March 11th, 2011
(forthcoming) (in Japanese)
2. The Commons in Transition: between Field Studies and Theories (co-edited with Teruyuki Shinbo), Nakanishi-ya Shuppan ( 2012) (in Japanese)
3. The Precautionary Principle in Environmental Law: a Comment on the Paper Presented by Professor Otsuka
in Risk Society and the Law, Yuhikaku (2010), pp.72-77. (in Japanese)
4. A Deliberation on the Governance of the Klamath River Basins in the United States : An Introduction to the
Integrated Governance of Forests, River Basins, and the Coastal Areas, the Shigin Management Information
Vol.109, pp.1-9, 2009) (in Japanese)
5. Legal Perspective of Governance of River Basins in Governance of Waters (Koichiro Kuraji ed.), Toshindo
Publishing Co., (2008) (in Japanese)
Poster title Legal Reform for the Governance of Waters
Poster abstract Japan is located in the Monsoon Asia, it has significant amount of annual precipitation in the
form of rain in the south and of snow in the north. Although it suffers from flood every year, the amount of available water resources per capita is very limited. The supply -demand balance of water resources is tight in big
cities. Moreover, fish catches have declined significantly. Why can these phenomena occur, how can we define
the goals and how can these problems can be solved in cost-effective ways? Instead of depending too heavily on
technological solutions (i.e. dams or desalination plants), my research explores legal solutions based on historical
analysis of the underlying issues especially when they are cost-effective. Firstly, to mitigate flood damages to
the society, the possibility of “river basin flood mitigation ordinances” (land use regulation of flood plains), are
explored. Secondly, to coordinate the supply-demand balance, sustainable use of groundwater through local ordinances and water transfer are recommended. Thirdly, to mitigate the negative impact to the environment especially ecosystems, index species (i.e. salmons and sweet fish) are chosen and plural alternatives are explored (i.e.
to maintain, renew or remove the dam while assessing the impact to the index species).
125
First Name Tomoaki
Last Name Matsuura
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Bioenvironmental Science
Address 2-1 Yamdaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University
Institution Osaka Univesity
Tel + 81 6 6879 4172
Fax + 81 6 6879 7428
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.bio.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp/ez…
Participant category Chair
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
Research Field directed evolution, protein engineering, artificial cell, membrane protein,
liposomes
Statement of your research interests
My interest is to develop technologies for engineering proteins, and to generate novel proteins. For this purpose,
I use a cell-size microcompartment called liposomes.
Recent most important publications
1. Okano, T., Matsuura, T., Suzuki, H., and Yomo, T. (2013). Cell-free Protein Synthesis in a Microchamber
Revealed the Presence of an Optimum Compartment Volume for High-order Reactions. ACS Synth Biol.
2. Fujii, S., Matsuura, T., Sunami, T., Kazuta, Y., and Yomo, T. (2013). In vitro evolution of alpha-hemolysin using
a liposome display. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110, 16796-16801.
3. Okano, T., Matsuura, T., Kazuta, Y., Suzuki, H., and Yomo, T. (2012). Cell-free protein synthesis from a single
copy of DNA in a glass microchamber. Lab Chip 12, 2704-2711.
4. Nishimura, K., Matsuura, T., Nishimura, K., Sunami, T., Suzuki, H., and Yomo, T. (2012). Cell-free protein
synthesis inside giant unilamellar vesicles analyzed by flow cytometry. Langmuir 28, 8426-8432.
5. Nishikawa, T., Sunami, T., Matsuura, T., Ichihashi, N., and Yomo, T. (2012). Construction of a gene screening
system using giant unilamellar liposomes and a fluorescence-activated cell sorter. Analytical chemistry 84,
5017-5024.
126
First Name Satoshi
Last Name Mihara
Position held Senior Researcher or Professor
Laboratory High Energy Accelerator Research Organization
Address 1-1 Oho Tsukuba 305-0801 Ibaraki, Japan
Institution KEK
Tel + 81 29 864 5679
Fax + 81 29 864 7831
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category PGM
Session field Physics and Astrophysics
Session title Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Research Field Elemental Particle, Rare decays of muon, Radiation detector
Statement of your research interests
Elementary particles are ultimate components of matter and engage in forces interplaying between them. The
elementary particle physics aims at describing their behavior in a unified framework based on experimental
observations to understand the growth of the universe from its birth. Tremendous attempts have been made
at different energies to this end although even further effort is necessary to achieve the goal. This fact makes
the research of elementary particles even more interesting.
Recent most important publications
S. Mihara, J.P. Miller, P. Paradisi, and G. Piredda Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 2013:63:531-552 J. Adam et
al. (MEG Collaboration) Eur. Phys. J C73:2365, (2013) J. Adam et al. (MEG Collaboration) Phys. Rev. Lett.
110:201801, (2013) S. Mihara JOP Conference Series408:012017, (2013) S. Mihara JOP Conference Series
308:012009, (2011)
127
First Name Shuichi
Last Name Murakami
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Department of Physics
Address Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku,
Tokyo 152-8551, Japan
Institution Tokyo Institute of Technology
Tel + 81 3 5734 2747
Fax + 81 3 5734 2739
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.stat.phys.titech.ac.jp/m…
Participant category General Participant
Session field Materials Science
Session title Graphene, the "miracle material"
Research Field condensed matter physics theory, spintronics, topological phases
Statement of your research interests
My research is on theories of condensed matter physics. In particular, my research interest is on spin transport phenomena in solids, such as spin Hall effect in semiconductors and metals. It also includes topological
insulators and their novel physical phenomena. My research is not limited to electronic phenomena, but I am
also interested in various topological phenomena caused by geometric phases in various kinds of particles in
solids, such as photons, magnons, and plasmons.
Recent most important publications
1. R. Takahashi and S. Murakami, "Gapless Interface States between Topological Insulators with Opposite
Dirac Velocities ", Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 2011, 166805-1 –- 166805-4. R.
2. Matsumoto and S. Murakami, "Theoretical prediction of rotating magnon wavepacket in ferromagnets",
Phys. Rev. Lett.106, 2011, 197202-1 — 197202-4.
3. S. Murakami, "Quantum Spin Hall Effect and Enhanced Magnetic Response by Spin-Orbit Coupling", Phys.
Rev. Lett. 97, 2006, 236805-1 — 236805-4.
4. M. Onoda, S. Murakami, N. Nagaosa, "Hall Effect of Light", Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 2004, 083901-1 — 083901-4.
5. S. Murakami, N. Nagaosa and S.-C. Zhang, "Dissipationless quantum spin current at room temperature",
Science 301, 2003, 1348 — 1351.
Poster title Topological phases in condensed matter physics
Poster abstract One of the recent hot topics in condensed matter physics is various topological phases
realized in materials. They include quantum Hall systems, which were experimentally found in 1980, and topological insulators, which were theoretically proposed in 2005 and experimentally confirmed in 2007. In these
systems, the interior is insulating and not conducting electric current, whereas the system boundaries (edges
or surfaces) are metallic. This property persists even if the material is cut into two; the section then immediately becomes a surface, and it becomes metallic. This novel property is attributed to a topological order in the
material. It is interesting that such an abstract mathematical concept is hidden in real materials. In my poster
presentation, we explain these concepts for electrons in real materials. Recently we are also extending such
a concept into other particles in condensed materials. The particles to be studied include photons (light) and
magnons (spin waves) in magnets. In my poster we also explain these theories, and show how the concept of
topological order is universally found in various particles in condensed materials.
128
First Name Makoto
Last Name Naruse
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory National Institute of Information and Communications Technology
Address 4-2-1 Nukui-kita, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8795, Japan
Institution National Institute of Information and Communications Technology
Tel + 81 42 327 6794
Fax + 81 42 327 7035
E.mail [email protected]
URL https://sites.google.com/site/makot…
Participant category General Participant
Session field Physics and Astrophysics
Session title Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Research Field Photonics, informatics
Statement of your research interests
Nanophotonics, photo-system physics, information photonics, network science, complex system modeling
Recent most important publications
1. M. Naruse, N. Tate, M. Aono, and M. Ohtsu: Information physics fundamentals of nanophotonics, Reports on
Progress in Physics, Vol. 76, No. 5, pp. 056401 1-50, April 2013.
2. M. Aono, M. Naruse, S.-J. Kim, M. Wakabayashi, H. Hori, M. Ohtsu, M. Hara: Amoeba-inspired Nanoarchitectonic Computing: Solving Intractable Computational Problems using Nanoscale Photoexcitation Transfer
Dynamics, Langmuir, Vol. 29, No. 24, pp. 7557-7564, April 2013
3. M. Naruse, M. Aono, S.-J. Kim, T. Kawazoe, W. Nomura, H. Hori, M. Hara, and M. Ohtsu: Spatiotemporal
dynamics in optical energy transfer on the nanoscale and its application to constraint satisfaction problems,
Physical Review B, Vol. 86, No. 12, pp. 125407 1-10, September 2012.
4. M. Naruse, N. Tate, and M. Ohtsu: Optical security based on near-field processes at the nanoscale, Journal
of Optics, Vol. 14, No. 9, pp. 094002 1-13, July 2012.
5. M. Naruse, Y. Liu, W. Nomura, T. Yatsui, M. Aida, L. B. Kish, and M. Ohtsu: Stochastic processes in light-assisted nanoparticle formation, Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, No. 19, pp. 193106 1-5, May 2012.
Poster Title Near-field Nanophotonics for Computing and Security
Poster Abstract There is a great demand for novel computing devices and architectures that can overcome the
limitations of conventional technologies based solely on electron transfer, including the need to reduce energy
consumption and solve computationally demanding problems. Security is becoming ubiquitously important to
safeguard against threats. A promising solution is near-field nanophotonics, which has been extensively studied
with the aim of unveiling and exploiting light–matter interactions that occur at a scale below the wavelength of
light, and recent progress made in experimental technologies—both in nanomaterial fabrication and in characterization—is driving further advancements in the field. We demonstrate that the dynamics of optical energy
transfer mediated by near-fields interactions can be exploited to solve solution searching and decision making
problems. By introducing simple state-filling mechanisms for controlling the energy transfer among multiple
quantum dots, we successfully solved a constraint satisfaction problem, the satisfiability problem (SAT), and the
multi-armed bandit problem. The emergent intellectual abilities of these near-field nanophotonic systems are
attributed to the probabilistic and nonlocal nature inherent in the optical-near-field–mediated energy transfer
dynamics. Also, we theoretically and experimentally demonstrate information security applications, such as information hiding and authentication, by using hierarchical properties of optical near-fields.
129
First Name Hiromichi
Last Name Niikura
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Attosecond Laboratory, Waseda University
Address Department of Applied Physics Waseda University
Okubo3-4-1,Shinjyuku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan
Institution Waseda University
Tel + 81 3 5286 2982
Fax + 81 3 5286 3487
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category General Participant
Session field Physics and Astrophysics
Session title Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Research field Attosecond physics
Statement of your research interests
I am interested in developing new approaches to generate ultra-short, attosecond, EUV pulses and to measure
electron and nuclear dynamics in atoms and molecules with attosecond time-resolution. Recent most important
publications.
Recent most important publications
1. “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics”H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, M. Ivanov, A. D. Bandrauk, D. M. Villeneuve and P. B. Corkum, Nature 417, 917-922 (2002).
2. “Probing molecular dynamics with attosecond resolution using correlated wave packet pairs”H. Niikura, F.
Légaré, R. Hasbani, M. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve and P. B. Corkum, Nature 421, 826-829 (2003).
3. “Tomographic Imaging of Molecular Orbitals"J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C.
Kieffer, P. B. Corkum and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867-871 (2004).
4. “Mapping molecular orbital symmetry on high-order harmonic generation spectrum using two-color laser
fields”, H. Niikura, N. Dudovich, D. M.Villeneuve and P. B. Corkum, Phys.Rev.Lett.105, 053003 (2010).
5. “Probing the Spatial Structure of a Molecular Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Using Shaped Recollision Trajectories”, H. Niikura, Hans Jakob Wörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 093004 (2011).
Poster title Measuring attosecond electron wavepacket motion in molecules with
a high-harmonic spectroscopy
Poster abstract Achieving attosecond time resolution allows us to measure electron dynamics in the valence
state of molecules with the vibrational motion essentially frozen. Two approaches have been demonstrated to
probe attosecond dynamics : to use optical pulses and so-called re-colliding electron pulses. The mechanism
behind the measurements is the tunnel ionization and electron re-collision process which occurs in intense
laser fields. When gaseous molecules (or atoms) are exposed in intense laser fields, an electron of molecules
is ejected to the ionization continuum at the peak of the laser fields. Within less than one optical period, the
electron returns to the parent molecules with accelerated by the laser field. Upon re-collision between the
ionized electron and the parent molecules, the physical processes such as electron scattering, second ionization, and high-harmonic emission can occur. The high-harmonic emission includes attosecond optical pulses
and can be utilized to probe attosecond dynamics. In addition, the spectral amplitude, phase and polarization
of high-harmonics emitted from molecules carry information on the electronic and vibrational structure of the
molecule and their attosecond dynamics. We demonstrate experimentally and theoretically that the process
can be used to measure electron dynamics in molecules with attosecond time-resolution.
130
First Name Alexandre
Last Name OBERTELLI
Position held Researcher
Laboratory DSM/IRFU/SPhN
Address Service de Physique Nucléaire CEA Saclay Orme des Merisiers,
bâtiment 703 91191 Gif sur Yvette cedex France
Institution CEA
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category General Participant
Session field Physics and Astrophysics
Session title Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Research field Quantum mechanics, nuclear physics, detectors, complexity, astrophysics
Statement of your research interests
Researcher in nuclear physics at CEA Saclay from 2006, I perform experiments at Radioactive Ion beam facilties to investigate new nuclear phenomena. My research philosophy could be "define unique setups for unique
measurements". I am currently a JSPS fellow at the RIKEN Nishina Center (close to Tokyo) for a program supported by the European Research Council. I am now investigating new developments to measure some of the
(believed) most relevant nuclear reactions for the synthesis of elements in the universe.
Recent most important publications
1. Windowless thin solid hydrogen target: CHyMENE, A. Gillibert et al., Eur. Phys. Jour. A 49, 155 (2013).
2. Limited asymmetry dependence of correlations from single nucleon transfer, F. Flavigny, A. Gillibert, L. Nalpas, A. Obertelli et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110,122503 (2013).
3. Nonsudden limits of Heavy-Ion induced knockout reactions, F. Flavigny, A. Obertelli et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.
108, 252501 (2012).
4. AGATA Advanced Gamma Tracking Array, S. Akkoyun et al., Nucl. Instr. Meth. and Res. A 668, 26 (2012).
5. The role of triaxiality for the coexistence and evolution of shapes in light krypton isotopes, M. Girod, J.-P.
Delaroche, A. Goergen, A. Obertelli, Phys. Lett. B 676, 39 (2009).
Poster title Origins and structure of nuclear matter
Poster abstract Atomic nuclei are essentially governed by the strong interaction and quantum mechanical
laws. The exploration of unstable nuclei (most of them have not been observed yet) reveals new features of
nuclear structure. In this poster are introduced new experimental setups (recent or future projects) that are
dedicated to very exotic nuclei or rare nuclear reactions. These studies require innovative developments on
detection systems, cryogenics and high-intensity ion sources. As few-body complex systems, nuclei may
represent the ideal laboratory to investigate the emergence of complexity in the quantum world.
131
First Name Toshio
Last Name Ohnishi
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Faculty of Economics
Address 6-19-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, JAPAN 812-8581
Institution Kyushu University
Tel + 81 92 642 7177
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.econ.kyushu-u.ac.jp/engl…
Participant category Speaker
Session field Mathematics / Informatics
Session title Bayesian Statistics
Session topic Dual roles of maximizing likelihood and Shannon entropy
Research Field Bayesian prediction, model averaging, conjugate prior, generalized linear model, food safety science
Statement of your research interests
My research is in Bayesian statistics, and specifically in revealing theoretical aspects of its nice performance. I
am currently interested in the model averaging and the prediction problem. I focus attention on dualistic roles
of the maximization of the likelihood and that of the Shannon entropy, two of the most important notions in
statistics. My research pursuits a close linkage between information science and physics such as thermodynamics and electromagnetism.
Recent most important publications
1. Ohnishi, T., Yanagimoto, T. (2013): Twofold structure of duality in Bayesian model averaging, Journal of the
Japan Statistical Society, 43, 29-55.
2. Yanagimoto, T., Ohnishi, T. (2011): Saddlepoint condition on a predictor to reconfirm the need for the assumption of a prior distribution, Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, 141, 1990-2000.
3. Ohnishi, T., Yanagimoto, T. (2010): Duality induced from conjugacy in the curved exponential family, Journal
of the Japan Statistical Society, 40, 23-43.
4. Yanagimoto, T., Ohnishi, T. (2009): Bayesian prediction of a density function in terms of e-mixture, Journal
of Statistical Planning and Inference, 139, 3064-3075.
5. Ohnishi, T., Yanagimoto, T. (2003): Electrostatic views of Stein-type estimation of location vectors, Journal
of the Japan Statistical Society, 33, 39-64.
132
First Name Miho
Last Name Ohsugi
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Ohsugi Laboratory, Department of Life Sciences, Graduate
School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
Address Komaba 3-8-1, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8902 Japan
Institution The University of Tokyo
Tel + 81 3 5454 6639
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category PGM
Session field Life / Medical Science
Session title Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Research Field Cell Biology
Statement of your research interests
Mitosis is a process whereby a complete copy of the genetic information is distributed to each daughter cell.
This process is critically important, with even small errors leading to aneuploidy or cell death. My research
interests focus on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the dynamic mitotic process in mammalian cells. In particular, I am interested in the differences and similarities in mitosis between somatic cells
and early-stage embryos.
Recent most important publications
1. Park, S., Komata,M., Inoue, F., Yamada, K., Nakai, K., Ohsugi, M.*, and Shirahige, K.* (2013). Inferring the
choreography of parental genomes during fertilization from ultralarge-scale whole-transcriptome analysis.
Genes. Dev. in press
2. Kitajima, T.S., Ohsugi, M., and Ellenberg, J. (2011). Complete kinetochore tracking reveals error-prone
homologous chromosome biorientation in Mammalian oocytes. Cell 146, 568-581.
3. Oshimori, N., Li, X., *Ohsugi, M., and *Yamamoto, T. (2009). Cep72 regulates the localization of key centrosomal proteins and proper bipolar spindle formation. EMBO J 28, 2066-2076.
4. Ohsugi, M., Adachi, K., Horai, R., Kakuta, S., Sudo, K., Kotaki, H., Tokai-Nishizumi, N., Sagara, H., Iwakura,
Y., and *Yamamoto, T. (2008). Kid-mediated chromosome compaction ensures proper nuclear envelope formation. Cell 132, 771-782.
5. Oshimori, N., Ohsugi, M., and *Yamamoto, T. (2006). The Plk1 target Kizuna stabilizes mitotic centrosomes
to ensure spindle bipolarity. Nat Cell Biol 8, 1095-1101.
133
First Name Tsubasa
Last Name Otake
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Laboratory of Environmental Geology
Address Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628, Japan
Institution Hokkaido University
Tel + 81 11 706 6323
Fax + 81 11 706 6323
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://otake283.web.fc2.com/Tsubasa…
Participant category General Participant
Session field Earth Science / Environment
Session title Earthquakes and Associated Risks
Research Field Geochemistry
Statement of your research interests
Early Earth (origin of life, atmospheric evolution, co-evolution of biosphere and Earth’ surface environments),
Economic Geology (hydrothermal systems, iron deposits, rare earth elements, diagenesis of sediment), Experimental Geochemistry, Stable isotope, Transformation of minerals
Recent most important publications
1. Furukawa, Y., Otake, T., Ishiguro, T., Nakazawa, H., and Kakegawa, T. (2012) Abiotic formation of valine
peptides under conditions of high temperature and high pressure. Origin of Life and Evolution of Biospheres
42, 519-531.
2. Otake, T., Taniguchi, T., Furukawa, Y., Kawamura, F., Nakazawa, H., Kakegawa, T. (2011) Stability of amino
acids and their oligomerization under high-pressure conditions: implications for prebiotic chemistry. Astrobiology 11, 799-813.
3. Otake, T., Wesolowski, D.J., Anovitz, L. M., Allard, L. F., and Ohmoto, H. (2010) Mechanisms of iron oxide
transformations in hydrothermal systems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 6141–6156.
4. Hoashi, M., Bevacqua, D. C., Otake, T., Watanabe, Y., Hickman, A. H., Utsunomiya, S., and Ohmoto, H. (2009)
Evidence of the early evolution of oxygenic photoautotrophs in 3.46 Billion-year-old haematite crystals from
Pilbara, Western Australia. Nature Geoscience 2, 301–306.
5. Otake, T., Lasaga, A. C., and Ohmoto, H. (2008) Ab initio calculations for equilibrium fractionations in multiple sulfur isotope systems. Chemical Geology 249, 357–376.
134
Poster title Co-evolution of life and Earth indicated from Fe-rich rocks
Poster abstract Earth’s surface environments, which are greatly influenced by the biological activities, have
evolved through geologic history. One of the most significant events that occurred on Early Earth (i.e., before 2
billion years ago) is the emergence of oxygen-producing bacteria and the subsequent oxygenation of atmosphere and ocean since it is thought to further promote the evolution of life (e.g., eukaryotes). The transition in
redox conditions on the Earth’s surface is also important for the formation of giant metal (e.g., iron, uranium)
deposits that we mine today because some metals change their chemical behaviors with redox conditions.
However, the timings of the emergence of oxygen-producing bacteria and oxygenation of the Earth’s surface
environments are not well constrained. Therefore, the goal of my research is to identify the timings based on
geochemical signatures recorded in rocks that were chemically precipitated from ancient oceans. My current
research is focused to examine enrichments of iron and chromium, both of which are considered to be redoxsensitive elements, in chemical sedimentary rocks in South Africa that were formed 3.2 billion years ago.
Geochemcial and isotopic study of the rocks may suggest that a part of ocean had been already oxygenated
by 3.2 billion years ago.
135
First Name François
Last Name PéTRéLIS
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 8550 (LPS-ENS)
Address 24, rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 1 44 32 25 70
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category PGM
Session field Physics and Astrophysics
Session title Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Research Field Nonlinear Physics, Geophysics, Statistical Physics, Dynamo instability
Statement of your research interests
Nonlinear processes and instabilities in physics with applications to geophysics, astrophysics or theoretical physics. In particular, dynamo effect and dynamical evolution of astrophysical and geophysical magnetic
fields. Also, instabilities and effects of fluctuations on instabilities.
Recent most important publications
1. F. Petrelis, A. Alexakis, “Anomalous exponent at the onset of an instability”, Physical Review Letters (108),
014501, (2012)
2. F. Petrelis, J. Besse, J-P Valet, “Plate tectonics may control geomagnetic reversal frequency”, Geophysical
Research Letters (38), L19303 (2011)
3. Petrelis F, Fauve S, Dormy E, Valet J-P, “Simple Mechanism for Reversals of Earth’s Magnetic Field”, Physical Review Letters (102), 144503 (2009).
4. Berhanu M, Monchaux R, Fauve S, Mordant N, Petrelis F, Chiffaudel A, Daviaud F, Dubrulle B, Marie L, Ravelet F, Bourgoin M, Odier P, Pinton JF, Volk R, “Magnetic field reversals in an experimental turbulent dynamo”,
Europhysics Letters 77, 59001 (2007).
5. Monchaux R., Berhanu M., Bourgoin M., Moulin M., Odier Ph ., Pinton J. -F., Volk R., Fauve S., Mordant N.,
Petrelis F, Chiffaudel A. , Daviaud F., Dubrulle B., Gasquet C., Marie L., Ravelet F., “Generation of a magnetic
field by dynamo action in a turbulent flow of liquid sodium”, Physical Review Letters 98 (4) 044502 (2007).
136
First Name Damien
Last Name QUERLIOZ
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR 8622 Institut d’Electronique Fondamentale (IEF)
Address Bat 220 rue André Ampère Univ Paris-Sud 91405 Orsay
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 1 69 15 33 58
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.ief.u-psud.fr/ querlioz/
Participant category General Participant
Session field Mathematics / Informatics
Session title Bayesian Statistics
Research field Nanoelectronics
Statement of your research interests
Nanoelectronics devices provide fantastic opportunities for electronic systems, offering new functions in an
extremely energy efficient way. However, they also possess less desirable features like variability, and the difficulty to achieve acceptable yield. Fully exploiting nanoelectronics potential thus calls for novel architectures
and design approaches.
I am developing approaches to exploit nanoelectronics, able to process the huge flow of natural data modern
systems are confronted to. I am specially interested in the bioinspired road. Biology is indeed able to exploit
its own nanodevices - which in some aspects are similar to the ones we are fabricating - in a fantastically
efficient way. My two major inspirations are synapses from the brain (ANR COGNISPIN project), and a Bayesian
interpretation of Biological signaling mechanisms (CNRSI/MI DEFIBAYES and FP7 BAMBI projects).
Recent most important publications
D. Querlioz, O. Bichler, P. Dollfus and C. Gamrat, "Immunity to Device Variations in a Spiking Neural Network
with Memristive Nanodevices," IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 12, num. 3, p. 288 (2013).
M. Suri, D. Querlioz, O. Bichler, G. Palma, E. Vianello, D. Vuillaume, C. Gamrat, and B. DeSalvo, "Bio-Inspired
Stochastic Computing Using Binary CBRAM Synapses", IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 60, num.
7, p. 2402 (2013).
M. Suri, O. Bichler, D. Querlioz, G. Palma, E. Vianello, D. Vuillaume, C. Gamrat, B. DeSalvo, "CBRAM Devices
as Binary Synapses for Low-Power Stochastic Neuromorphic Systems: Auditory (Cochlea) and Visual (Retina)
Cognitive Processing Applications", IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM), p 10.3, 2012.
Poster Title The DEFIBAYES project
Poster Abstract The DEFIBAYES project (funded by Mission pour l’Interdisciplinarité du CNRS) explores the
design of a novel low power computing paradigm for electronics. It exploits new kinds of magnetic electron
devices and takes its original inspiration in the biological signaling mechanisms. Its core idea is to perform
Bayesian probabilities computation instead of deductive logic, which has implications on all levels of the system design. The project follows an integrated research from nanotechnology to the macroscopic application
and aims at applications in robotics and ubiquitous computing.
137
First Name Gwénaël
Last Name RAPENNE
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory UPR 8011 Centre d’élaboration de matériaux et d’études
structurales (CEMES)
Address BP 94347 29 rue Jeanne Marvig 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4
Institution Université de Toulouse
Tel + 33 5 62 25 78 41
Fax + 33 5 62 25 79 99
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.cemes.fr/index.php?optio
Participant category PGM
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
Research field Molecular machines, molecular synthesis, STM, molecular motors,
molecular vehicles
Statement of your research interests
My research projects focuses on technomimetic molecules with rotary motions, including gears, wheelbarrows
and motors. Following the bottom-up approach the synthesis of technomimetic molecules grants access to
the study of mechanical properties at the molecular level. These molecules are designed to operate as single
molecules on surfaces under the control of the tip of a scanning tunneling or atomic force microscope.
Recent most important publications
1. Synthesis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-based nanovehicles equiped with triptycene wheels, H.P.
Jacquot de Rouville, R. Garbage, R.E. Cook, A.R. Pujol, A.M. Sirven, G. Rapenne, Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 3023.
2. Synthesis and STM imaging of symmetric and dissymmetric ethynyl-bridged dimers of boron-subphthalocyanine bowl-shaped nano-wheels H.P. Jacquot de Rouville, R. Garbage, F. Ample, A. Nickel, J. Meyer, F. Moresco,
C. Joachim, G. Rapenne, Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 8925.
3. Molecule concept-nanocars: chassis, wheels and motors? C. Joachim, G. Rapenne, ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 11.
4. Controlled clockwise and anticlockwise rotation of a molecular motor U.G.E. Perera, F. Ample, H. Kersell, Y.
Zhang, J. Echeverria, M. Grisolia, G. Vives, G. Rapenne, C. Joachim, S.-W. Hla, Nature Nanotech. 2013, 8, 46.
5. Directional molecular sliding at room temperature on a silicon runway X. Bouju, F. Chérioux, S. Coget, G.
Rapenne, F. Palmino, Nanoscale 2013, 5, 7005.
138
Poster title Design, synthesis and manipulation of technomimetic molecules: Molecular wheels, nanovehicles, rotors and motors
Poster abstract In the macroscopic world, the movement of rotation is at the source of many examples of
machines and motors. Recent advances in the imaging and manipulation of single molecules has stimulated
much interest in the synthesis of molecules exhibiting unique mechanical properties. Technomimetic molecules [1] are molecules designed to imitate macroscopic objects at the molecular level, also transposing the
motions that these objects are able to undergo. In this talk we will present the preparation and single-molecule study on functional nanovehicles i.e. molecular vehicles capable to transport a cargo and unidirectional
molecular motor. The nanovehicles [2] with two (wheelbarrow in this case) or four triptycene [3] wheels
are assembled around a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon platform. The molecular motor[4] is built around a
ruthenium center coordinated to a cyclopentadienyl ligand terminated with five ferrocene electroactive groups.
The synthesis of the motor will be presented as well as variable temperature NMR experiments, STM study
and electrochemistry studies showing the control of the unidirectional rotation[5]. [1] (a) G. Rapenne, Org.
Biomol. Chem. 2005, 3, 1165 ; (b) C. Joachim, G. Rapenne, ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 11. [2] (a) L. Grill, F. Moresco,
G. Rapenne, S. Stojkovic, X. Bouju, C. Joachim, Nature Nanotech. 2007, 2, 95; (b) G. Rapenne, G. JimenezBueno, Tetrahedron, 2007, 63, 7018. [3] H.P. Jacquot de Rouville, R. Garbage, R.E. Cook, A.R. Pujol, A.M. Sirven,
G. Rapenne, Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 3023. [4] G. Vives, H.P. Jacquot de Rouville, A. Carella, J.P. Launay, G.
Rapenne, Chem. Soc. Rev. 2009, 38, 1551. [5] U.G.E. Perera, F. Ample, H. Kersell, Y. Zhang, J. Echeverria, M.
Grisolia, G. Vives, G. Rapenne, C. Joachim, S.-W. Hla, Nature Nanotech. 2013, 8, 46.
139
First Name Vincent
Last Name Renard
Position held Researcher
Laboratory UMR_E 9001 Service de Physique Statistique, de Magnétisme
et de supraconductivité (SPSMS) CEA/UJF
Address CEA/INAC SPSMS 17 avenue des Martyrs 38054 Grenoble Cedex 9
Institution Université Joseph Fourrier
Tel + 33 4 38 78 62 25
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://inac.cea.fr/Pisp/vincent.ren…
Participant category General Participant
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry of "Origins of Life"
Research Field Silicon, nanowire growth, electron electron interactions, graphene
Statement of your research interests
I study superconductivity induced in graphene by proximity effect. The aim is to use the outstanding properties
of this new material to observed "de Gennes / St James states". Those states have been predicted in the 60’s
and yet no direct observation has been made.
I am also interested in valleytronics in Silicon (analogous to spintronics with the valley degree of freedom). In
our devices valley splitting can be tuned electronically up to tens of MeV.
Recent most important publications
1. Metallic behaviour in SOI quantum wells with strong intervalley scattering V. T. Renard , I. Duchemin, Y.
Niida, A. Fujiwara, Y. Hirayama, K. Takashina. Scientific Reports 3, 2011 (2013)
2. Few-layer Graphene/Carbon Nanotube Epitaxial-Interface Grown at CMOS-compatible Temperature. V.
Jousseaume, J. Cuzzocrea, N. Bernier, V. T. Renard Appl. phys. lett. 98, 123103 (2011)
3. Impact of Valley Polarization on the Resistivity in Two Dimensions. K. Takashina, Y. Niida, V. T. Renard , A.
Fujiwara, T. Fujisawa, K. Muraki, and Y. Hirayama Phys. Rev. lett. 106, 196403 (2011)
4. Catalyst preparation for CMOS-compatible silicon nanowire synthesis. V. T. Renard, M. Jublot, P. Gergaud, P.
Cherns, D. Rouchon, A. Chabli, V. Jousseaume Nature Nanotechnology, 4, 654 (2009)
5. Boundary mediated electron-electron interaction in quantum point contacts. V. T. Renard, O. A. Tkachenko,
V. Tkachenko, T. Ota, N. Kumada, J-C. Portal, Y. Hirayama Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 186801 (2008)
Poster Title De Gennes/St James States in graphene billards
Poster Abstract We will introduce the physics of superconductivity induced in graphene by proximity effect.
The aim is to use the outstanding properties of this new material to observed "de Gennes / St James states".
Those states have been predicted in the 60’s and yet no direct observation has been made.
140
First Name Halima
Last Name SAHRAOUI
Position held Researcher
Laboratory EA 4156 - URI OCTOGONE - J. LORDAT
Address Maison de la Recherche - Pavillon R22
5, Allées Antonio Machado 31058 Toulouse Cedex 9 France
Institution Université de Toulouse II-Le Mirail
Tel + 33 6 22 67 36 93
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://octogone.univ-tlse2.fr/accue…
Participant category General Participant
Session field Social Sciences/Humanities
Session title Happiness
Research Field Neurolinguistics, brain, language, communication, cognition
Statement of your research interests
My research interest focuses on the underlying cognitive processes involved in language and communication. My investigation methods are various and cover normal and impaired language, in monolingualism and
second language learning / acquisition (data-driven analysis with language corporas, neuropsycholinguistic
experiments, fMRI, EEG, rTMS). My research contributes to a better understanding of language impairment,
rehabilitation and acquisition processes, related to neurocognitive flexibility in various situations (normal
speakers, patients suffering from aphasia, second language learners).
Recent most important publications
1. Sahraoui, H. & Nespoulous, J‐L. (2013). Perspective neuropsycholinguistique sur l’aphasie agrammatique.
L’Information Grammaticale, 138.
2. Sahraoui, H. & Nespoulous, J‐L. (2012). Across‐task variability in agrammatic performance. Aphasiology,
26(6), 785‐810 [dx.doi.org/10.1080/02687038.2011.650625].
3. Sahraoui, H. & Ho-Dac, L.-M. (2012). AphasiaBank: une base de données translinguistique de corpus aphasiques. Colloque International NeuroPsychoLinguistic Perspectives on Aphasia, Toulouse, 21-23 juin 2012.
4. Soroli, E., Sahraoui, H. & Sacchett, C. (2012). Linguistic encoding of motion events in English and French:
Typological constraints on second language acquisition and agrammatic aphasia. Language, Interaction and
Acquisition 3(2), 261-328.
5. Sahraoui, H. & Nespoulous, J.-L. (2010). A corpus-based study of agrammatic aphasia: New evidence for
the potential prominent part played by adaptive strategies in these patients’ oral production [Abstract]. Elsevier
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, AoA2010, 48th Academy of Aphasia Proceedings, 6, 115-116
[dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.08.058].
141
Poster title Neurocognitive flexibility in language and brain
Poster abstract Interdisciplinary perspective is required to study the interplay between brain structures and
language function, by bridging the fields of neurolinguistics and language/communication sciences. To understand better the neurobiological mechanisms involved to process language (speaking and hearing), one
way is to study impaired language following brain dysfunction (e. g. patients suffering from brain damage
affecting Broca’s area). The impact of neurological disorder on language skills may be carefully described by
examining disrupted, preserved and recovered abilities. Another way is to look at the development of new language skills that could affect brain structures dedicated to language. In this line, a comparative study including
contrasted languages, such as French and Japanese, may be relevant to check whether acquiring a « very
different » foreign language makes some structural or activity changes in the adult brain, then resulting from
intensive language learning and practice. Such methods reveal neurolinguistic flexibility assumed by brain
structures and language skills, by investigating (1) how do altered neurocognitive structures and processing
(e. g. due to a lesion) affect language use? and (2) how does language learning (e. g. a new language) affect
neurocognitive structures and processing?
142
First Name Mayuko
Last Name Sano
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory International Research Center for Japanese Studies
Address of the laboratory 3-2 Oeyama-cho, Goryo, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto
610-1192 Japan
Institution International Research Center for Japanese Studies
Tel + 81 75 335 2100
Fax + 81 75 335 2090
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://research.nichibun.ac.jp/en/r…
Participant category PGM
Session field Social Sciences / Humanities
Session title Happiness
Research Field History of Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange, Cultural Policy
Statement of your research interests
I study History of Diplomacy, not necessarily from political perspectives but focusing on human contacts on
the spot (therefore I call it Cultural History of Diplomacy). My target period as historian is the mid-nineteenth
century, when Western diplomats started to arrive in Japan, and my current most important research topic is
the development of diplomatic protocols at that time. I am also interested in today’s cultural diplomacy and
broader cultural policies including cultural heritage management.
Recent most important publications
1. "Toward Sustainable Diplomacy: Western Diplomat Audiences with the Shogun in the Bakumatsu Period",
NIHON-KENKYU, No. 48 (2013), pp.101-27.
2. "La politique culturelle du Japon”, (Poirrier, Philippe, Ed.) Pour une histoire des politiques culturelles dans
le monde : 1945-2011, Comité d’histoire du ministère de la culture, Paris, 2011, pp.347-69.
3. "Bunka wa dare no mono ni sareyoto shiteirunoka: Bunka seisaku no kenchi kara (By whom culture is
being made owned : From a perspective of cultural policy)”, (Yamada, Shoji Ed.) Komonzu to bunka (Commons
and culture), Tokyodo shuppan, Tokyo, 2010, pp.292-332.
4. "Tsutsui Masanori and Tokugawa Diplomacy : the Matter of the American Consul General’s Visit to Edo)”,
Nihon-kenkyu, No. 39 (2009), pp.29-64.
5. Alcock no Edo : Shodai Eikoku koshi ga mita Bakumatsu-Nihon (Alcock’s Yedo : Japan of the last days of
the ancien regime seen by the first British Minister), Chuokoron-shinsha., Tokyo, 2003.
143
First Name Alexandre
Last Name SCHUBNEL
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Laboratoire de Géologie, CNRS/ENS Paris, UMR8538
Address 24 rue Lhomond 75005 Paris
Institution CNRS
Tel +33 1 44 32 22 12
Fax + 33 1 44 32 22 00
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.geologie.ens.fr/spiplabo
Participant category Speaker
Session field Earth Science / Environment
Session title Earthquakes and Associated Risks
Research field Geophysics, Fracture mechanics, Earthquakes, Poromechanics
Statement of your research interests
Major research interests are Rock Physics and Rock Mechanics. Most recent work has been focused on the
understanding of earthquake source processes by studying experimentally dynamic fracture propagation and
couplings between mineral transformations and mechanical instabilities.
BA, Geophysics, 1998 Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris.
MS, Geophysics, 1999 Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
PhD., Geophysics, 2002 Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
Associate researcher at CNRS since 2006.
Recent most important publications
1. Deep focus earthquake analogs recorded at high pressure and temperature in the laboratory, A. Schubnel,
F. Brunet, N. Hilairet, J. Gasc, Y. Wang and Harry W. Green II, Science, 341, 1377-1380, 2013.
2. From Sub-Rayleigh to Supershear ruptures during stick-slip experiments on crustal rocks, F.X. Passelègue,
A. Schubnel, S.B. Nielsen, H.S. Bhat and R. Madariaga, Science, 340, 1208-12011, 2013.
3. Photo-acoustic study of subshear and supershear ruptures in the laboratory, A. Schubnel ; S. B. Nielsen ; J.
Tadeucci ; S. Vinciguerra and S. Rao, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2011.
4. Fast slip with inhibited temperature rise due to mineral dehydration : evidence from experiments on gypsum, N. Brantut, R. Han, N. Findling, T. Shimamoto, A. Schubnel, Geology, 2011
5. High-velocity frictional properties of a clay-bearing fault gouge and implications for earthquake mechanics, Brantut N, Schubnel A, Rouzaud JN, Brunet F and T.Shimamoto, Journal of Geophysical Research,113,
B10401, 2008.
144
First Name Hidetoshi
Last Name Shimodaira
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Division of Mathematical Science
Address Hidetoshi Shimodaira, Prof. Division of Mathematical Science
(J608) Graduate School of Engineering Science Osaka University
1-3 Machikaneyama-cho Toyonaka Osaka 560-8531 Japan
Institution Osaka University
Tel + 81 6 6850 6480
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category PGM
Session field Mathematics / Informatics
Session title Bayesian Statistics
Research Field Statistics
Statement of your research interests
Statistical methods for calculating confidence value of computation from data, which have been used for estimating the evolution from DNA sequence data. Particularly, working on a simulation method, called bootstrap
resampling, to measure the randomness in data. A contribution of my resent work, called multiscale bootstrap,
is to clarify a theory of the scaling-law of probabilities, and to calculate a very accurate confidence level by
changing the data size to a negative value.
Recent most important publications
1. P. Sheridan, Y. Yagahara, H. Shimodaira, Measuring preferential attachment in growing networks with missing-timelines using Markov chain Monte Carlo, Physica A : Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 391,
5031-5040, 2012.
2. H. Shimodaira, Testing regions with nonsmooth boundaries via multiscale bootstrap, Journal of Statistical
Planning and Inference, 138, 1227-1241, 2008.
3. H. Shimodaira, Approximately unbiased tests of regions using multistep-multiscale bootstrap resampling,
Annals of Statistics, 32, 2616-2641, 2004.
4. H. Shimodaira, An approximately unbiased test of phylogenetic tree selection, Systematic Biology, 51, 492508, 2002.
5. H. Shimodaira and M. Hasegawa, Multiple comparisons of log-likelihoods with applications to phylogenetic
inference, Molecular Biology and Evolution, 16, 1114-1116, 1999.
145
First Name Masashi
Last Name Shiraishi
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Kyoto University
Address Kyoto-Daigaku-Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 6158530, Japan
Institution University
Tel + 81 75 383 2272
Fax + 81 75 383 2272
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://cmp.kuee.kyoto-u.ac.jp/
Participant category Speaker
Session field Materials Science
Session title Graphene, the miracle material
Research field Condensed Matter Physics, Spintronics, Graphene Material Science, Topological
Insulators
Statement of your research interests
Spintronics (Physical Properties of Pure Spin Current, Spincurrentronics, Semiconductor Spintronics), Graphene
Material Science, Topological Insulators
Recent most important publications
1. E. Shikoh, T. Shinjo, K. Ando, E. Saito and M. Shiraishi, “Spin-pumping-induced spin transport in p-type Si
at room temperature”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 127201 (2013) [Editor’s Suggestion & Spotlighting Exceptional
Research].
2. Z. Tang, H. Ago, E. Shikoh, Y. Ando, T. Shinjo and M. Shiraishi, “Dynamically-generated pure spin current in
graphene”, Phys. Rev. B87, 140401® (2013) [Editor’s Suggestion].
3. Y. Aoki, M. Kameno, E. Shikoh, Y. Ando, T. Shinjo, T. Sasaki, T. Oikawa, T. Suzuki and M. Shiraishi, “Investigation of Inverted Hanle effect in highly-doped Si”, Phys. Rev. B86, 081201® (2012).
4. Y. Sakai, E. Tamura, S. Toyokawa, E. Shikoh, T. Shinjo, V.K. Lazarov, A. Hirohata, Y. Suzuki and M. Shiraishi,
“A novel magnetic switching effect in a C60-Co nanocomposites system”, Adv. Func. Mat. 22, 3845 (2012).
5. M. Shiraishi, Y. Honda, E. Shikoh, Y. Suzuki, T. Shinjo, T. Sasaki, T. Oikawa, K. Noguchi and T. Suzuki, “Spin
transport properties in Si in a non-local geometry”, Phys. Rev. B83, 241204®, (2011).
146
First Name Daisuke
Last Name Takahashi
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Ashikaga Institute of Technology
Address Ohmae-cho 268-1, Ashikaga, Tochigi 326-8558, Japan
Institution University
Tel + 81 284 22 5627
Fax + 81 284 62 7148
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category Speaker
Session field Physics and Astrophysics
Session title Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Research Field Condensed Matter Physics, Low Temperature Physics
Statement of your research interests
Quantum liquid and solid, Quantum magnetism and Quantum phase transition
Recent most important publications
Evidence of Supersolidity in Rotating Solid Helium, Science, 330, 1512-1516 (2010)
Stairlike Suppression of Supersolidity under Rotation, Physical Review Letters, 108, 105302-105305 (2011)
Shear resonance and torsional oscillator measurements of solid 4He under DC rotation, Physical Review B, 86,
174505-174508 (2012)
147
First Name Hidehiko
Last Name TakahashI
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Department of Psychiatry
Address 54 Shogoin-Kawara-cho Sakyo-ku Kyoto 606-8507 Japan
Institution Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine
Tel + 81 75 751 3386
Fax + 81 75 751 3246
E.mail [email protected]
URL
Participant category Speaker
Session field Life / Medical Science
Session title Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Research Field Psychiatry, neuroscience, neuroimaging, pharmacology, decision-making
Statement of your research interests
As a clinical psychiatrist, I am interested in altered decision-making in neuropsychiatric disorders. For the
understanding the neural basis of decision-making, I am conducting multidisciplinal projects (MRI, positron
emission tomography, computational neuroscience, pharmacology, economics, psychology etc). Taken advantage of these approaches, I would like to establish computational psychiatry for more scientific diagnosis and
novel therapy.
Recent most important publications
Takahashi H, Fujie S, Camerer C, Arakawa R, Takano H, Kodaka F, Matsui H, Ideno T, Okubo S, Takemura K,
Yamada M, Eguchi Y, Murai T, Okubo Y, Kato M, Ito H, Suhara T. Norepinephrine in the brain is associated with
aversion to financial loss. Mol Psychiatry (2013) 18 : 3-4 Takahashi H, Takano H, Camerer C, Ideno T, Okubo S,
Matsui H, Tamari Y, Takemura K, Arakawa R, Yamada M, Eguchi Y, Murai T, Okubo Y, Kato M, Ito H, Suhara T. Honesty mediates the relationship between serotonin and reaction to unfairness. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A (2012)
109(11):4281-4284 Yamada M, Camerer CF, Kato M, Fujie S, Ito H, Suhara T, Takahashi H. Emotional justice :
Neural circuits mitigating criminal sentences Nature Commun (2012) 3:759. Takahashi H, Matsui H, Camerer
CF, Takano H, Kodaka F, Ideno T, S Okubo S, Takemura K, Arakawa R, Eguchi Y, Murai T, Okubo Y, Kato M, Ito
H, Suhara T. Dopamine D1 receptors and nonlinear probability weighting in risky choice. J Neurosci (2010)
30(49):16567-16572. Takahashi H, Kato M, Matsuura M, Mobbs D, Suhara T, Okubo Y : When Your Gain is my
Pain and Your Pain is my Gain : Neural Correlates of Envy and Schadenfreude. Science (2009) 323 : 937-939
148
First Name Yoshihiko
Last Name Togawa
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Togawa Laboratory
Address Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research Center Osaka
Prefecture University 1-2, Gakuenchou, Naka-ku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8570
JAPAN
Institution University
Tel + 81 72 254 8216
Fax + 81 72 254 8216
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.nanosq.21c.osakafu-u.ac….
Participant category General Participant
Session field Materials Science
Session title Graphene, the "miracle material"
Research Field Condensed-matter Physics, Solid State Physics, Electron Physics, Superconductivity, Spin Electronics
Statement of your research interests
My main research field is Condensed-Matter Physics and Solid State Physics. Recently, I am focusing on Electron Physics, Superconductivity, and Spin Electronics. Particularly, I have strong interest in magnetic materials
with chirality. Using chiral magnetic materials, I am trying to exploit a novel research field named spin phase
electronics.
Recent most important publications
1. Y. Togawa et al., “Interlayer magnetoresistance due to chiral soliton lattice formation in hexagonal chiral
magnet CrNb3S6” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 197204-1-5 (2013).
2. Y. Togawa “Small-angle electron scattering of magnetic fine structures” Microscopy 62, S75-S86 (2013).
3. Y. Togawa et al., “Chiral magnetic soliton lattice on chiral helimagnet” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 107202-1-5
(2012). (Selected as Spotlighting Exceptional Research in American Physical Society. Highlighted in a Viewpoint in Physics 5, 28 (2012).)
4. K. Takayanagi, T. Koyama, S. Mori, K. Harada, Y. Togawa, “Small-angle electron scattering from magnetic
artificial lattice” J. Electron Microscopy 61, 401-407 (2012).
5. T. Koyama, S. Yano, Y. Togawa, Y. Kousaka, S. Mori, K. Inoue, J. Kishine, J. Akimitsu “Unconventional magnetic domain structure in the ferromagnetic phase of MnP single crystals” Journal of the Physical Society of
Japan Letters 81, 043701-1-4 (2012).
149
Poster Title Spin Phase Electronics Using Chiral Magnet
Poster Abstract The concept of chirality, meaning left or right handedness, plays an essential role in sym-
metry properties of nature at all length scales from elementary particles to biological systems. In materials
science, chiral materials are found in molecules or crystals with helical structures, which break mirror and
inversion symmetries but combine rotational and translational symmetries. Chiral materials frequently exhibit
intriguing functionality because electrons distribute themselves along chiral framework of atomic configurations and their rotational and translational motions couple to give specific physical processes. In this poster,
we directly present that chiral magnetic order called chiral soliton lattice (CSL) emerges in a magnetic crystal
CrNb3S6, which belongs to chiral space group, by means of low-temperature Lorenz transmission electron
microscopy (TEM) and small-angle electron scattering (SAES) method. We demonstrate that CSL is tunable,
stable, robust, topological, and coherent spin phase state that appears in a macroscopic scale. These functionalities, unique to CSL protected by crystal chirality, will open up a route to a new paradigm for spin electronics
applications using chiral magnetic crystals.
150
First Name Vincent
Last Name TOURNAT
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Laboratoire d’Acoustique de l’Université du Maine UMR 6613
Address Université du Maine Av. O. Messiaen 72085 Le Mans
Institution CNRS
Tel + 33 6 43 19 97 14
Fax + 33 2 43 83 35 20
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://perso.univ-lemans.fr/ vtournat/
Participant category General Participant
Session field Materials Science
Session title Graphene, the “miracle material”
Research field Acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, granular media, laser ultrasonics, metamaterials
Statement of your research interests
I am interested in acoustic waves in complex media (granular media, nonlinear elastic media, multiple scattering media, acoustic metamaterials and phononic crystals, porous media). Frequencies and applications
range from seismic frequencies in geophysics, audible sound in air and porous materials (for noise control,
wave control by metamaterials), ultrasounds and up to hypersounds in laser ultrasonics (>GHz frequencies,
non destructive testing of micro-structures).
Recent most important publications
1. A. Merkel, J. Cabaret, V. Tournat, P. Béquin, Amplitude-dependent phononic processes in a diatomic granular chain in the weakly nonlinear regime, Phys. Rev. E 86, 041305 (2012).
2. V. Tournat, V. Gusev, Experimental evidence of rotational elastic waves in granular phononic crystals, Phys.
Rev. Lett. 107, 225502 (2011).
4. V. Tournat, I. Pèrez-Arjona, A. Merkel, V. Sanchez-Morcillo, V. Gusev, Elastic waves in phononic monolayer
granular membranes, New Journal of Physics 13, 073042 (2011).
4. V. Tournat and V.E. Gusev, Acoustics of unconsolidated granular media: an overview of recent results and
several open problems, Acta-Acustica United with Acustica 96, 208-224 (2010).
5. X. Jacob, V. Aleshin, V. Tournat, P. Leclaire, W. Lauriks, and V.E. Gusev, Acoustic probing of the jamming
transition in an unconsolidated granular medium, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 158003 (2008).
Poster title Elastic waves in granular crystals: micro-rotation and nonlinearities
Poster abstract Elastic wave propagation is studied theoretically and experimentally in various periodic
arrangements of mm- to cm-scale beads, denoted as granular crystals. The studied one-dimensional granular chains, 2D membranes and 3D arrangements show strong dispersion properties when the wavelength is
comparable to the bead size (forbidden propagation bands, frequency dependent velocity …). We focus in particular on the processes related to the rotational degree of freedom of the beads and on the nonlinear elastic
coupling at the contact between beads. We report for instance the existence and analyze pure rotational waves
and coupled modes of propagation involving rotation of the beads in granular crystals.
151
First Name Taro
Last Name Toyota
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory The University of Tokyo, Komaba
Address 3-8-1 Komaba. Meguro, Tokyo 153-8902, JAPAN
Institution University
Tel + 81 3 5465 7634
Fax + 81 3 5465 7634
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://park.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/toyot…
Participant category Speaker
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry of "Origins of Life
Research Field Lipid, Self-Assembly, Vesicle, Emulsion
Statement of your research interests
Out-of-equilibrium chemistry of molecular assembly
Recent most important publications
1. T. Banno, S. Miura, R. Kuroha, T. Toyota, “Mode Changes Associated with Oil Droplet Movement in Solutions
of Gemini Cationic Surfactants”, Langmuir 29, 7689-7696 (2013).
2. K. Kurihara, M. Tamura, K. -i. Shohda, T. Toyota, K. Suzuki, T. Sugawara, “Self-Reproduction of Supramolecular Giant Vesicles Combined with the Amplification of Encapsulated DNA” , Nat. Chem. 3, 775-781 (2011).
3. M. Masubuchi, T. Toyota, M. Yamada, M. Seki, “Fluidic Shear-Assisted Formation of Actuating Multilamellar
Lipid Tubes Using Microfabricated Nozzle Array Device”, Chem. Commun. 47, 8433-8435 (2011).
4. T. Toyota, N. Maru, M. M. Hanczyc, T. Ikegami, T. Sugawara, “Self-Propelled Oil Droplet Consuming “Fuel”
Surfactant”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 5012-5013 (2009).
152
First Name Yann
Last Name TROLEZ
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes
Address 11 allée de Beaulieu CS 50837 35708 Rennes Cedex 7 France
Institution Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes
Tel + 33 2 23 23 80 69
Fax + 33 2 23 23 81 08
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.ensc-rennes.fr/themes/re…
Participant category General Participant
Session field Chemistry
Session title Chemistry and biochemistry
Research Field Organic chemistry - Astrobiology - Interstellar chemistry
Statement of your research interests
My research interests include the organic chemistry out of the Earth, from the interstellar medium to Titan, the
moon of Saturn. So in our group, we develop new chemical reactions to access unstable compounds that are
or could be present in space. We also study their reactivity once they are synthesized and try to detect them
in the interstellar medium or Titan in collaboration with astronomers.
Recent most important publications
1. Y. Trolez, J.-C. Guillemin, "Synthesis and Characterization of 2,4-Pentadiynenitrile—A Key Compound in
Space Science", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2005, 44, 7224-7226
2. J.-P. Collin, F. Durola, J. Frey, V. Heitz, F. Reviriego, J.-P. Sauvage, Y. Trolez, K. Rissanen, "Templated synthesis of cyclic [4]rotaxanes consisting of two stiff rods threaded through two bis-macrocycles with a large and
rigid central plate as spacer", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 6840-6850
3. J.-P. Collin, S. Durot, M. Keller, J.-P. Sauvage, Y. Trolez, M. Cetina and K. Rissanen, "Synthesis of [5]Rotaxanes Containing Bi- and Tridentate Coordination Sites in the Axis", Chem. Eur. J. 2011, 17, 947-957
4. A. Joosten, Y. Trolez, J.-P. Collin, V. Heitz, J.-P. Sauvage, "A copper (I)-assembled [3]rotaxane whose two
rings act as flapping wings", J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2012, 134, 1802-1809
5. N. Kerisit, L. Toupet, Y. Trolez, J.-C. Guillemin, "Methylcyanobutadiyne : synthesis, X-ray structure and photochemistry. Towards an explanation of its formation in the interstellar medium", Chem. Eur. J. 2013, DOI :
10.1002/chem.201303377
153
Poster Title Synthesis and study of cyanobutadiyne and methylcyanobutadiyne: two interstellar
compounds
Poster Abstract Some cyanopolyynes (H-(C≡C)n-CN) and methylcyanopolyynes (CH3-(C≡C)n-CN) have been
detected in the interstellar medium (ISM) as well as on Titan for some of them. They could have played a role
during the development of the prebiotic chemistry on Primitive Earth, according to some studies on cyanoacetylene, the first member of these families (n=1). However, except this latter, their synthesis in the laboratory
is not easy, and most of them have never been synthesized so far. An efficient and easy synthetic pathway
would allow to study them and to understand their implication in prebiotic chemistry.
Few years ago, we synthesized the cyanobutadiyne (H-C≡C-C≡C-CN) and could thus study its formation
pathway in the ISM by photolysis of binary mixtures of acetylenic compounds. More recently, we have been
interested by its methylated conterpart, the methylcyanobutadiyne (CH3-C≡C-C≡C-CN), which has been scarcely studied. We proposed an original synthesis and tried to understand its formation in the ISM. We could
show that a mixture of gases under UV radiations could lead to its formation in this medium.
154
First Name Shoko
Last Name Utsunomiya
Position held Researcher
Laboratory National Institute of Informatics
Address National Institute of Informatics 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku,
Tokyo 101-8430
Institution Research Organization of Information and Systems (ROIS) /
National laboratory
Tel + 81-3-4212-2559
Fax + 81-3-4212-2641
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://www.nii.ac.jp/en/faculty/inf
Participant category General Participant
Session field Physics and Astrophysics
Session title Supersolidity and quantum plasticity
Research field Quantum information science, Quantum computing, Quantum optics, Semiconductor lasers, Neural network
Statement of your research interests
XOur recent research deals with theoretical and experimental aspects of alternative computing using open
dissipative nonlinear optics. We proposed a new computing scheme named as a “coherent computer” using
the laser network for solving NP-hard Ising models efficiently. Ising models are mapped onto Iaser networks,
up or down M Ising spins are represented by the eigenstates of oscillators and Ising terms are mapped onto
the mutual coupling between each oscillators, to find its ground state from 2^M eigenstates.
Recent most important publications
1. S. Utsunomiya, K. Takata, and Y. Yamamoto, "Mapping of Ising models onto injection-locked laser systems",
Opt. Express 19, 18091-18108 (September 2011)
2. S. Utsunomiya, L.Tian, G. Roumpos, C. W. Lai, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, A. Loeffler,
S. Hoefling, A. Forchel and Y. Yamamoto, “Observation of Bogoliubov excitations in exciton-polariton condensates,” Nature Physics 4, 700 - 705 (August 2008)
3. C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T.
Fujisawa and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and p-state” in an exciton-polariton condensation array”,
Nature 450, 529-532 (Nov 2007)
4. N. Na, S. Utsunomiya, L. Tian and Y. Yamamoto, “Strongly correlated polaritons in a two-dimensional array
of photonic crystal microcavities” Phys. Rev. A, 77 031803® (April 2008)
5. S. Utsunomiya, C. P. Master, and Y. Yamamoto, "Algorithm-based analysis of collective decoherence in
quantum computation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 198-208 (Feb 2007) selected for the February 2007 issue of
Virtual Journal of Quantum Information.
155
Poster title Coherent Ising machine using a laser network
Poster abstract Optimization problems are well known computationally hard problems in our modern life
such as weather forecast, protein holding problems, stock price prediction, travelling salesman problems, and
so on. Even supercomputer cannot solve those problems exactly because the required computational time
scales exponentially as the growth of their problem size. Those optimization problems are classified into as
NP-complete/hard problems. The quantum computing is one of the possibilities to solve those computationally
hard problems efficiently. Recently new type of quantum computing called as quantum annealing has gotten
a lot of attention recently
We recently proposed a coherent Ising machine to solve NP-hard 3D Ising models efficiently using laser
network which can be implemented by semiconductor lasers, optical parametric oscillators or fiber mode
locked lasers. The algorithm of coherent computer is quite new and different from existing quantum computing or quantum annealing, based on the minimum gain principle of a laser network. The numerical results
we performed so far reasonably suggest the effective computational power of the proposed a coherent Ising
machine. We also show our recent experimental result of four -site Ising model implementation.
156
First Name Nicolas
Family Name VUILLERME
Position held Researcher
Laboratory AGIM FRE 3405 CNRS UJF UPMF EPHE
Address Univ. Grenoble Alpes, AGIM laboratory, FRE 3405, CNRS-UJFUPMF-EPHE _ Faculté de Médecine 38706 La Tronche cédex France
Institution Joseph Fourier University of Grenoble
Tel + 33 4 76 63 71 04
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://nicolas.vuillerme.perso.sfr
Participant category General Participant
Session field Life / Medical Science
Session title Psychiatric disorders: definitions and treatments
Research Field E-health; Sensory substitution; Technologies and Services for Ageing, Health,
Autonomy; Ambient Assisted Living
Statement of your research interests
I am currently developing and encouraging interdisciplinary and translational Education, Research and Innovation activities focused on health, autonomy, quality of life and well-being of the elderly, dependent older
people, disabled people and those with progressive or chronic diseases, which are currently important social
issues. These activities are expressed in three complementary forms: (1) fundamental research in the fields
of Neuroscience, Psychology and Biomechanics. The aim is to investigate the interactions between sensorymotor and cognitive mechanisms involved in the control of human perceptive, spatial, postural and motor
behaviours and their changes as a results of normal aging, chronic diseases, pathologies and/or accidents; (2)
applied research dedicated to Technologies and Services for Ageing, Health, Autonomy, Ambient Assisted Living and Home Care in the fields of Information Technology Engineering Sciences, Human Factors, Ergonomics
and Domotics. The aim is to conceive, develop, validate and deploy physical and physiological multimodal,
embedded and interactive sensors and actuators – designed for assessment of sensory, motor and cognitive
capacities, continuous monitoring activity, ambulatory medical care, perceptual supplementation, cognitive
and functional assistance in activities of daily living and occupational activities - and to integrate these devices
in a multimodal home automation environment.
Recent most important publications
1. Chenu, O., Vuillerme, N., Bucki, M., Diot, B., Cannard, F., & Payan, Y., TexiCare : An innovative embedded
device for pressure ulcer prevention. Preliminary results with a paraplegic volunteer. Journal of Tissue Viability,
22 (2013) 83-90.
2. Pradels, A., Pradon, D., Hlavacková, P., Diot, B., & Vuillerme, N., Sensory re-weighting in human bipedal postural control : the effects of experimentally-induced plantar pain. PLoS ONE (2013) 8(6) : e65510. doi:10.1371/
journal.pone.0065510.
3. Franco, C., Fleury, A., Guméry, P.Y., Diot, B., Demongeot, J., & Vuillerme, N., iBalance-ABF: a Smartphonebased audio-biofeedback balance system. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 60 (2013) 211-215.
4. Fouquet, Y., Franco, C., Diot, B., Demongeot, J., & Vuillerme, N., Estimation of task persistence parameter from
pervasive medical systems with censored data. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 12 (2013) 633-646.
5. Verrel, J., Pradon, D., & Vuillerme, N., Persistence of motor-equivalent postural fluctuations during bipedal
quiet standing. PLoS ONE (2012) 7(10): e48312.
157
Poster Title Wearing the Texisense smart socks to prevent diabetic foot ulceration? Yes, we can!
Poster Abstract Although most existing insole plantar pressure monitoring systems are promising in their
ability to measure in real time the pressures at the foot/insole interface, they do suffer from several limitations.
Sensor technology is included in the insole that prevents any overpressure detection in the dorsal surfaces
of the toes and the feet, they still need a wire connection that makes them inappropriate to a daily use and
they are prohibitively expensive for widespread consumer and clinical use. A promising approach to partly
overcome these disadvantages could be the development of textile technologies. We designed a fully wireless,
customizable and washable sock made of a textile able to measure pressures all around the foot and the
ankle. Preliminary studies showed that Texisense smart socks are a functional device that meets requirements
in terms of valid and reliable real time, long-term and in-situ foot pressure monitoring and in terms of comfort,
portability, ease of use and aesthetics for a daily use. Clinical studies are currently performed to assess the
effectiveness of the Texisense smart socks in educating and alerting patients and helping the podiatrists and
the footwear industry to improve insole and/or shoe design in order to prevent foot ulcers and lower extremity
amputations in people with diabetes.
158
First Name Katsuyuki
Last Name Yamashita
Position held Researcher
Laboratory Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology of the
laboratory
Address Okayama University 3-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama
700-8530 JAPAN
Institution Okayama University
Tel + 81 86 251 7878
Fax +81 86 251 7878
E.mail [email protected]
Participant category PGM
Session field Earth Science / Environment
Session title Earthquakes and Associated Risks
Research field Geochemistry
Statement of your research interests
Is in the field of geochemistry and cosmochemistry. Through high-precision isotopic analyses of meteorites,
processes responsible for the evolution of the early solar system are being unraveled. Over the past several
years I have successfully developed a technique for ultra-high precision isotopic analysis of chromium in
meteorites. This technique has led us to precisely determine the age of meteorites that were difficult to determine using other chronometers.
Recent most important publications
1. Tectonic influence on chemical composition of ocean island basalts in the West and South Pacific: Implication for a deep mantle origin, Shimoda, G, Ishizuka, O., Yamashita, K., Yoshitake, M., Ogasawara, M., Yuasa, M.,
G-Cubed, 12, Q07020, 23. (2011)
2. 53Mn-53Cr chronometry of CB chondrite: evidence for uniform distribution of 53Mn in the early solar system, Yamashita, K., Maruyama, S, Yamakawa, A. and Nakamura, E., Astrophysical Journal, 723 20-24. (2010)
3. Chromium isotope systematics of achondrites: chronology and isotopic heterogeneity of the inner solar
system bodies, Yamakawa, A., Yamashita, K., Makishima, A. and Nakamura, E., Astrophysical Journal, 720
150-154. (2010)
4. Precise determination of Cr, Mn, Fe, Co and Ni concentration by an isotope dilution-internal standardization
method employing high resolution MC-ICP-MS, Makishima, A., Yamakawa, A., Yamashita, K. and Nakamura, E.,
Chemical Geology, 274, 82-86. (2010)
• Chemical separation and mass spectrometry of Cr, Fe, Ni, Zn and Cu in terrestrial and extraterrestrial materials using Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry, Yamakawa, A., Yamashita, K., Makishima, A. and Nakamura,
E., Analytical Chemistry, 81, 9787-9794. (2009)
159
Poster title Geochemical evidence for 215 Ma extraterrestrial impact event on Earth
Poster abstract The period between the Upper Triassic and the Lower Jurassic (approximately 230-200
million years ago) is characterized by the formation of several large impact craters including the 100 km Manicouagan structure in Canada. It is well known that extraterrestrial impact that can create crater of this size
can drastically change the Earth’s surficial environment, sometimes leading to mass extinction event. Thus, a
detailed understanding of the size as well as the chemical composition of the projectiles is of particular importance. Chromium isotope, which has widely been used as a chronometer to determine the ages of the early
solar system objects, can be used as a powerful tool to reveal the geochemical nature of the extraterrestrial
materials that accreted to the Earth because meteorites of different classes are characterized by distinct 54Cr
isotopic signature. In this presentation, I will show the results of high-precision Cr isotopic analyses of the
Upper Triassic deep-sea sediments with anomalously high concentration of platinum group elements which
strongly suggest that extraterrestrial object of few km in size accreted to the Earth at 215 Ma (Onoue et al.
2012). References : Onoue T. et al. 2012. PNAS, 109:19134-19139.
160
First Name Ryo
Last Name Yoshida
Position held Senior Researcher
Laboratory Department of Statistical Modeling, The Institute of Statistical
Mathematics, Research Organization of Information and Systems
Address 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8562, Japan
Institution Research Institute
Tel + 81 50 5533 8534
Fax + 81 42 526 4335
E.mail [email protected]
URL http://daweb.ism.ac.jp/yoshidalab/i…
Participant category General Participant
Session field Mathematics / Informatics
Session title Bayesian Statistics
Research Field Bayesian statistics, Chemical Informatics, Systems Biology, Bioimage Informatics, Data Assimilation
Statement of your research interests
Bayesian statistics and its applications to Bioinformatics, Chemical Informatics, and Computational Systems
Biology
Recent most important publications
1. Y.Tamada, R.Yamaguchi, S.Imoto, O.Hirose, R.Yoshida, M.Nagasaki, S.Miyano (2011) SiGN-SSM : open
source parallel software for estimating gene networks with state space models, Bioinformatics, 27(8), 11721173.
2. R.Yoshida, M.Saito, H.Nagao, T.Higuchi (2010) Bayesian experts in exploring reaction kinetics of transcription circuits, Bioinformatics, 26(18), i589-595.
3. R.Yoshida, M.West (2010) Bayesian learning in sparse graphical factor models via variational mean-field
annealing, Journal of Machine Learning Research, 11:1771-1798.
4. R.Yoshida, M.Nagasaki, R.Yamaguchi, S.Imoto, S.Miyano, T.Higuchi (2008) Bayesian learning of biological
pathways on genomic data assimilation, Bioinformatics, 24(22):2592-2601.
5. O.Hirose, R.Yoshida, S.Imoto, R.Yamaguchi, T.Higuchi, D.Stephen Charnock-Jones, C.Print, S.Miyano (2008)
Statistical inference of transcriptional module-based gene networks from time course gene expression profiles by using state space models, Bioinformatics, 24(7):932-42.
Poster Title Bayesian statistics for bioscience
Poster Abstract We apply the powerful tools of Bayesian statistics and machine learning as a driving force
to address a wide variety of problems in the biosciences. In this poster, we present three of the primary focus
areas of our research on chemical informatics, neuroscience, and DNA sequence analysis.
161
ANNEXes
163
The city of Metz
3,000 years of history have created a strong character and Metz’s heritage is remarkably well preserved
in its verdant background on the confluence of the rivers Moselle and Seille.
Full of original heritage, classed as a laboratory for architects, Metz seduces by the diversity of its natural,
cultural & architectural riches. Capital city of Moselle-Lorraine,
bordered by Germany, Belgium & Luxembourg.
Saint-Etienne cathedral
With its 42 m high vaults, it is one of the highest gothic edifices in Europe. With its 6,500 m² of stained
glass windows, the nickname “God’s lantern” is well
merited. There are windows from the 13th to the
20th century by Hermann de Müsnter, Theobald de
Lixheim, Valentin Bousch, Jacques Villon and Marc
Chagall.
DISC OVER METZ
Cour d’Or museum
Gallo-Roman and medieval collections: ancient thermal baths,
Merten’s column, chancel of St-Pierre-aux-Nonnains, medieval
painted ceilings …
Imperial Quarter
Developed from 1902 and surrounding
the central station (300 m long), the Imperial Quarter is a remarkable ensemble
of German town planning at the beginning of the 20th century. An exceptional
district in its conception and quality, it is
currently being considered for addition
to the list of UNESCO World Heritage
Sites.
Pompidou Metz Center
Designed as a unique experience, this international Modern Art Center is a space where you can discover artistic creation in all its shapes
and sizes, a living place where events take place all year round, in its
impressive building designed by Shigeru Ban and Jean de Gastines.
164
Access to symposium venue:
MERCURE HOTEL
Cour d’Or
museum
St-Etienne
cathedral
Arsenal
Japanese
TORI
TGV railway
station
Pompidou Modern
Art Center
Seille
Park
Ideally located in the business district of Metz, a city renowned for its lights, the MERCURE
Metz-Centre 4-star hotel is a short walk from the Pompidou Center, the Cour d’Or museum,
St-Etienne cathedral and the Arsenal concert hall.
Number of car spaces: 40
Private outdoor parking
Bus / coach parking area
3’ walk from railway station
5’ drive from motorway exit Metz-Centre
20’ drive from Metz Nancy Lorraine regional airport
40’ drive from Luxembourg international airport
29 place Saint-Thiébault - 57000 METZ
Tel: + 33 3-87-38-50-52
www.mercure.com
165
ようこそ、
モゼールへ !
Welcome to Moselle !
For several years now, the Moselle Department of France has developped strong links with Japan,
in many forms (economic, cultural, orchards, urban symbols...).
On the occasion of JFFOS 2014 symposium taking place in Metz, capital city of Moselle/Lorraine,
on the initiative of Moselle Development Agency, representatives of the lorraine scientific
community have been invited to attend the gala dinner organized by FOS consortium, as a unique
opportunity to interact with the participants to this symposium.
JFFOS
h30 - 22h00)
9
(1
R
E
N
N
I
D
GAL A
24 january 2014
ARSENAL - Salle de l’Orangerie
Maquette, numérisation et mise en page : Bernard Dupuis - Secteur de l'Imprimé du Siège Campus Gérard-Mégie - CNRS
166

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