Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia Tipología sintáctica

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Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia Tipología sintáctica
Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia
Licenciatura en lingüística
Tipología sintáctica
Iván Salgado G. – 2016-1
Predicados de Leipzig VII y VIII: SIT vs SIT DOWN
1. AINU
Itukari ta ek hi kusu, mono aan.
i=tukari
ta
ek
hi
kusu
mono a=an
IND.O=front LOC come.SG
NR
because
quietly sit.SG=IND.S
‘He came right in front of me, so I sat down properly (on the floor).’
2. BALINÉS
Anake cenik cenik ento negak di bataranne ento.
anak=e
cenik cenik ento negak di bataran=ne ento
person=DEF small small that sit
on floor=DEF that
‘The children sit on the floor.’
3. BEZHTA
Kid q'ey yečena gey.
kid
q'ey
y-eče-na
girl(II).ABS on.the.ground II-be-CVB
‘The girl is sitting.’
gey
be.PRS
4. BORA
Wajpi ácuúcunú (baari).
wajpi ácuúcunú
baa-ri
man sit
below-LOC/INST
‘The man sat (on the floor).’
Wajpi ácuuvé (baavu).
wajpi ácuuvé
baa-vu
man sit
below-ALL
‘The man sat down (on the floor).’
5. CHINTANG
Maʔmi khambe yuwakte.
maʔmi kham-be
yuw-a-kt-e
person floor-LOC
sit-PST-IPFV-[3sS.]IND.PST
‘The man was sitting on the floor.’
Maʔmi khambe yuwase.
maʔmi kham-be
yuw-a-s-e
person floor-LOC
sit-PST-PRF-[3sS.]IND.PST
‘The man has sat down on the floor.’
Cha teĩbe yuwakte.
cha
teĩ-be
yuw-a-kt-e
child village-LOC live-PST-IPFV-[3sS.]IND.PST
‘The child lived in the village.’
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Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia
Licenciatura en lingüística
Tipología sintáctica
Iván Salgado G. – 2016-1
6. EVEN
Bej törle tegetten.
bej
tör-le
tege-t-te-n
man ground-LOC sit-RES-AOR-3SG
‘The man sat on the ground.’
Bej törle tegren.
bej
tör-le
teg-re-n
man ground-LOC sit-AOR-3SG
‘The man sat down (on the ground).’
7. EVENKI
Beje dunnedu tegetčečen.
beje dunne-du
tege-t-čeče-n
man ground-DAT
sit-PROC-NONFUT-3SG
‘The man sat (= was sitting) (on the floor).’
Beje dunnedu tegeren.
beje dunne-du
tege-re-n
man ground-DAT
sit.down-NONFUT-3SG
‘The man sat down (on the floor).’
8. ALEMÁN
Der alte Mann saß auf einer Bank.
der
alt-e
Mann
saß
auf ein-er
Bank
DEF.M.NOM old-NOM man(NOM) sit\3SG.PST on INDEF-DAT bench(DAT)
‘The old man was sitting on a bench.’
Der alte Mann setzte sich hin.
der
alt-e
Mann
setz-te
sich
DEF.M.NOM old-SG.M.NOM man(NOM) sit-3SG.PST REFL.3SG
The old man sat down.
hin
down
9. JAPONÉS ESTÁNDAR
Kodomo-ga yuka-ni suwat-ta.
kodomo-ga yuka-ni
suwat-ta
child-NOM
floor-LOC
sit-PAST
‘The children sat on the floor.’
Kodomo-ga benti-ni kosi-o orosi-ta.
kodomo-ga benti-ni
kosi-o
child-nom
bench-loc
waist-acc
‘The children sat down on the bench.’
orosi-ta
lower-PAST
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