Searching for Answers to Honey Bee Poisoning Small Hive Beetle

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Searching for Answers to Honey Bee Poisoning Small Hive Beetle
20123
August 2012
Vol 25 # 3
www.honeycouncil.ca
Canadian Honey Council
Searching for Answers to Honey Bee
Poisoning
Small Hive Beetle Update
Integrated Management of Nosema &
Detection of Antibiotic Residues
Apimondia Symposium Program 2012
Call Mike at 1-866-948-6084 today
or email [email protected]
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HiveLights
Canadian Honey Council
August 2012 Vol 25 #3
The Canadian Honey Council (CHC) is the national
organization of the Canadian beekeeping industry
and Hivelights is the industry’s magazine. Our
association is an “organization of organizations”.
One of the benefits of belonging to our member
organizations is that all members receive a copy of
Hivelights magazine. In order to receive Hivelights
you must be a current member of your provincial
association. International subscribers can receive our
high quality magazine for a fee of $50 Canadian per
year.
This was my first swarm. It happened in
Vancouver, in the Little
Mountain area. The bees left their hive
and went across the lane to the
bird house in my neighbour's yard. We
successfully rehived them.
Photo: Jean Schwartz, Vancouver, BC
Schools, libraries, non beekeepers, university
or government personnel can receive Hivelights
magazine through special membership as “Friends of
Canadian Apiculture”.
Please contact the CHC office for more information.
Canadian Honey Council
#36 High Vale Crescent
Sherwood Park, AB T8A 5J7
Hivelights is published quarterly (Feb, May, Aug,
Nov). Deadline for submissions are 6 weeks prior
to publication (i.e. Dec 15th for Feb issue). For
guidelines on article submission and advertising rates
please visit our website at www.hivelights.ca
The opinions expressed in the articles printed in
Hivelights are those of the authors and do not imply
endorsement of the Canadian Honey Council for
the promotion of any product, goods or services
mentioned unless specifically stated.
Editor....................................................... Geoff Todd
Design and Production................ Cristian Campean
Advertising enquiries.............................. Geoff Todd
Publisher........................... Canadian Honey Council
Printed in Canada
Table of Contents
3Canadian Honey Council Report. ..................................... Rod Scarlett
42012 CHC Directors
4 Searching for Answers to Honey Bee Poisoning.... Rod Scarlett
5 Regional Reports . ........................................................................CHC Directors
9 Small Hive Beetle Update .............................................. Dr. Medhat Nasr
11 Integrated Management of Nosema & Detection of .
Antibiotic Residues. ............................................................................................
........................................... Abdullah Ibrahim, Andony P. Melathopoulos, Stephen F. Pernal
19
21
23
23
24
27
World News
Honey Prices - A Good News for Change...... Dr. Medhat Nasr
Roger A. Morse Award for 2012........................................ Jim Bobb
In a Honey Bee Hive, an Interesting Find. ..... David Ostermann
Apimondia Symposium Program
Classifieds
Publication Mail Agreement number
40031644
ISSN 1489-730X
Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to
Canadian Honey Council
#36 High Vale Crescent
Sherwood Park, AB T8A 5J7
[email protected]
www.honeycouncil.ca
(877) 356 8935
Hivelights - The Magazine of the
Canadian Honey Council is printed
with all natural vegetable based
inks. Please recycle this magazine.
HiveLights
August 2012
1
Proud sponsor of the Canadian Honey Council
Canadian Honey Council Report
Rod Scarlett, Executive Director, CHC
At the time of writing
this the honey pull is
just starting. The spring
brought some good news
and some troubling events.
While not yet having access
to the final statistics it
looks as though most of
Canada had very good
over-wintering statistics.
Many beekeepers reported losses of
less than 10% and many reported
strong healthy colonies. This
was tempered with a bee kill in
southern Ontario that resulted in
many beekeepers losing substantial
portions of their operations. At the
request of the Ontario Beekeepers
Association the CHC has struck a
committee to investigate what can be
done to prevent the same situation
from occurring. Coupled with the
PMRA announcement that it is
re-investigating neonicitoids, there
should be significant information
available shortly. There is no easy
answer to this nor is the question
very simple. What this event has
shown is that safety net programs
are ineffective, information sharing
needs to improve, and that beekeepers
must continue to work with farmers,
industry, government and through
their associations. Considerable time
and effort has been spent by those
involved in this case and their work
is certainly appreciated. The OBA,
PMRA, PA’s Beekeepers and Bayer
all need to be recognized in trying to
address the situation.
In late June I attended an information
tour in Guelph, sponsored by Bayer
Canada, where the neonecitoid seed
treatment was being further tested
as per Pest Management Review
Agency requests. The Tour had
representatives from the beekeeping
sector, PRMA, USDA, and industry
in attendance. While not addressing
the bee kill incident, it did indicate
Bayer’s commitment to beekeeping
and ensuring science is at the
forefront of decision making.
In late May, CFIA contacted
me and asked that the CHC
gather information from
the industry concerning the
elimination of regulations
on standardized container
sizing. I included the
information in the edition
of b-talk but also arranged for a
conference call with 12 of the largest
packers in Canada. I think it fair
to say that a majority of packers
were not aware of any prospective
changes to container standards and
Pictures are used to ensure accuracy.
Photo: Rod Scarlett
both a bee biosecurity manual and
the CBSQT producer manual to
be available. While the manuals
themselves may be available earlier
than November, I think the CHC
will be proud to display both of
the documents at Apimondia in
Quebec City. If you have not already
registered, please consider doing so by
Paul Kelly of the University of Guelph
Townsend House give a bee 101 overview.
Photo: Rod Scarlett
were surprised when I contacted
them with the slide deck and the
proposals. Those packers that were
cognisant of upcoming changes were
not aware of any process to speed up
the 2014/15 planned implementation
date. It was apparent, that contrary
to the impression that was left with
me, there is little or no appetite to
quickly introduce changes to current
standardized container sizing. The
matter is far more complicated
than just an administrative change.
Packers need to prepare for a number
of expected events and subsequently
need time to adjust to changes in
molds, labels, cartons, designs, and
marketing campaigns. Budgets and
budget planning will be impacted. A
response to CFIA was be forwarded
on June 15, 2012.
Bayer officials explaining crop trial at one of
the experimental sites near Hamilton.
Photo: Rod Scarlett
going to the web-site at http://www.
craaq.qc.ca/le-calendrier-agricole/
apimondia-symposium-2012/e/1205.
Announcement
Nominations are requested for the
2012 Fred Rathje Award.
This award is given to an individual
who has made a significant
positive contribution of innovative,
creative and effective effort for the
betterment of the Canadian honey
bee industry.
Nominations may be submitted
to any of the Directors of The
Canadian Honey Council.
Names with achievements must be
submitted by September 30th. 2012.
Finally, in the fall I would expect
HiveLights
August 2012
3
2012 Directors
Canadian Honey Council
Conseil Canadien de Miel
Chair
Director
Gerry McKee
Bryan Ash
BC Honey Producers Association
McKee’s Bees
5430 Portland Street
Burnaby BC V5J 2R4
ph 604-436-1614
[email protected]
Manitoba Beekeepers Association
Ash Apiaries
Box 297
Gilbert Plains, MB R0L 0X0
ph. 204-548-2036 fax 204-548-2122
[email protected]
Vice Chair
Director
Bernie Rousseau
Lee Townsend
Alberta Beekeepers
TPLR Honey Farms
443 St. Andrews Crescent
Stony Plain AB T7Z 1W8
ph 780-968-4624 fax 780-963-8257
cell 780-913-5345
[email protected]
BeeMaid Honey
13407 – 136 Ave. NW
Edmonton, AB T5L 4B4
780-454-1391
Cel: 780-907-6777
[email protected]
Director
Treasurer
Scott Plante
Tim Greer
Federation des Apiculteurs du Québec
2369 chemin Lambert
St-Nicolas, PQ G7A 2N4
ph. 418-531-0786
[email protected]
Ontario Beekeepers Association
Lilley Bee Apiaries
16 Redwood Avenue
St. Catharines, ON L2M 3B2
ph 905-934-5904 cell 905-932-3457
[email protected]
Director
Paul Vautour
Secretary
Maritime Beekeepers Association
Acadien Apiaries Ltd.
488 Cape Breton Road
Saint-Philippe, NB E1H 1W2
ph 506-388-5127
[email protected]
Kevin Nixon
Alberta Beekeepers
Box 28, Site 8, RR4
Innisfail, AB T4G 1T9
403-227-0092
[email protected]
Calvin Parsons
Saskatchewan Beekeepers Association
Box 44
Meskanan, SK S0K 2W0
306-864-2632
[email protected]
With these numerous reports being received the Ontario
Beekeeper’s Association (OBA) executive contacted
various government agencies and chemical companies
to ensure their awareness and involvement. Professional
testing and research is being provided on the poisoning.
The OBA-Technology Transfer Program is working with
these agencies to ensure all pertinent data and samples are
available. Beekeepers are searching for answers.
Nitro-guanidine neonicotinoid is widely used in agriculture,
including soil applications, seed treatment, as well as foliar
and greenhouse uses. OBA recognizes that nitroguanidine
neonicotinoids are widely used by our agricultural
neighbours. As stated by OBA President, Mr. John Van
Alten, “we want a workable solution for all partners in
agriculture, but not at the expense of the pollinators. We
need to ensure that non target insects are not negatively
affected by the use of these chemicals. ”
For more information or media interviews, contact:
Nancy Comber, Promotions/Media Coordinator
Ontario Beekeepers’ Association
Telephone: 905-636-0661,
E-mail: [email protected] www.ontariobee.com
ph 403-475-3882 [email protected]
National organizations with a vested interest in honey bees, in addition to the existing
provincial beekeeper organizations, are eligible for membership in the Canadian Honey
Council. Applications are subject to review by the CHC Membership Committee. Those
associations that meet established criteria are then considered for approval by the Board
of Directors. Application form available from CHC office.
August 2012
Over the last six weeks, reports have been received
throughout Southwestern Ontario of honey bee poisoning.
Symptoms ranged from unusually high numbers of dead
or dying honeybees in front of hives to complete beeyards
being depopulated.
#36 High Vale Crescent
Sherwood Park, AB T8A 5J7
ph 877-356-8935
cell 780-489-0231
[email protected]
www.honeycouncil.ca
Membership in CHC
4
Given the high number of reports of acute poisoning, and
with lab results indicating the presence of Clothiandin,
Ontario Beekeepers are pleased with Health Canada’s
initiative to re-evaluate nitro-guanidine neonicotinoid
insecticides and associated products.
Executive Director
Rod Scarlett
Hivelights Magazine Editorial and Advertising
Geoff Todd
After devastating hive loss due to acute poisoning symptoms,
Ontario Beekeepers were relieved to hear of Health
Canada’s decision to re-evaluate neonicotinoid insecticides.
The Ontario Beekeepers’ Association, established in
1881, is one of the oldest established farm organizations
in Ontario. It is incorporated under the Agricultural and
Horticultural Organizations Act (1987). The OBA’s mission
is to ensure a thriving and sustainable beekeeping industry
in Ontario.
CHC OFFICE
Director
Searching for answers to
Honey Bee Poisoning!
HiveLights
Canadian Honey Council and Ontario beekeepers meet
with Parliament to discuss recent pesticide incidents
Listen to Bill Fergusson, Davis Bryans, Dave and Erika
Schuit and Rod Scarlet meeting with parliament. Go to:
http://parlvu.parl.gc.ca/Parlvu/TimeBandit/PowerBrowser.
aspx?ContentEntityId=9163&EssenceFormatID=873
RegionalReports
Maritimes
"Beekeepers in the Maritime
Provinces
are
enjoying a
"banner"
year with
super
strong
colonies.
Many are
Paul Vautour
splitting
colonies to increase their
numbers. Rainy weather
in mid-June has improved
and strong honey flows
are reported on PEI and
in N.B. going into July.
Border issues for the
three provinces continue
to be a hot topic. PEI
blueberry growers are
heavily dependent on
the importation of bee
colonies for pollination, and
beekeepers and growers
are currently working on a
pollination plan for 2013.
Black bear populations in
N.B. are extremely high
and causing much damage
to bee hives and bumble
bee quads in the wild
blueberry fields and other
apiaries. Speculation for the
increase is that the number
of Americn hunters – that
normally come to hunt bears
- is significantly lower in
recent years - perhaps due
to the sluggish economy
there".
Québec
As this is being written
the bees are being pulled
off the cranberries. The
Lac St-Jean blueberry
pollination was very
cool this year and some
producers who usually
make nucs at that time of
year were disappointed by
the lack of brood in the
hives since the queens had
stopped laying. Blueberry
honey is also difficult to find.
The new bee regulations
have been signed into law in
the month of June. No new
cases of SHB have been
reported.
Some early reports on the
summer honey crop indicate
that things are looking good.
Honey
demand
remains
strong at
both the
wholesale
and retail
levels.
The only
Scott Plante
down
side to all this is that a lot of
beekeepers have been telling
me that their mite levels
are a lot higher than usual
and many are thinking of
treating early this year.
Have a good honey season.
Nous en sommes
présentement à l’étape
de retirer nos ruches
suite à la pollinisation des
cannebergières. Cette année
la pollinisation des bleuets au
Lac St-Jean a fait face à des
températures plus froides.
Ainsi, les producteurs qui
ont l’habitude de faire des
nucléis à cette période se
sont retrouvés à court de
couvain puisque plusieurs
reines avaient interrompue
leur ponte. Le miel de bleuet,
par la même occasion, s’est
fait plus rare à trouver.
Au mois de juin, les
nouvelles règlementations
de l’abeille ont été signées
et sont devenues lois. De
plus, aucun nouveau cas
d’infestations aux petits
coléoptères de la ruche n’a
été signalé.
Déjà, les premières récoltes
de miel nous indiquent que
nous devrions avoir une
bonne saison de miel cette
année. La demande pour le
miel demeure toujours forte
autant pour la vente au détail
que pour la vente en gros.
La seule ombre au tableau
c’est que, malheureusement,
plusieurs apiculteurs m’ont
confié avoir des taux
d’infestations parasitaires
plus élevés qu’à la normale,
ces derniers envisagent
même traiter leurs ruches
plus tôt cette année.
Bonne saison à tous.
Ontario
Spring 2012 seemed to
start as a good one for
most Ontario beekeepers.
Early warm weather had
the bees in good shape and
building up fast. Much of
the province was reporting
a winter loss rate of 10
to 15 percent. With a
spring like that swarming
was a problem for many
to manage but after the
past several years it was a
welcomed change. Then a
new challenge appeared.
As the corn-planting season
began in the southwest
portion of the province and
progressed northeastward
with the warming
HiveLights
temperatures, beekeepers
were seeing catastrophic
affects on their bees.
What appeared to be acute
pesticide poisoning was
affecting a large number
of hives and bee yards. It
was observed by many
beekeepers within 24 hours
of a neighboring field being
planted with corn that bees
were rolling out of the
hives to form a twitching
dying carpet in front of the
entrance. It was observed
that the affects seemed to
be seen only next to fields
that were being seeded
with pneumatic seed drills
and “theories” of the air
pressure combined with the
pesticide treated talc on the
seed may be a factor.
Since that time meetings
have been held with
the PMRA, Bayer, and
OMAFRA to try and
determine the cause and
come up with options to
prevent further occurrences.
Some of the affected
beekeepers were invited to
a meeting with the Federal
Standing Committee on
Agriculture to share first
hand how their operations
have been
affected.
It should
be noted
the
farmers
planting
the corn
Tim Greer
were
doing so according to the
label instructions and that
all parties are seeking a
solution to this problem.
On July 25th the OBA
along with beekeepers
affected by the die offs are
P pg 7
August 2012
5
Alberta Honey Producers
70 Alberta Avenue, Box 3909,
Spruce Grove, Alberta T7X 3B1
Phone: (780) 962-5573
Fax: (780) 962-1653
Manitoba Co-operative
Honey Producers
625 Roseberry Street,
Winnipeg, Manitoba R3H 0T4
Phone: (204) 783-2240
Fax: (204) 783-8468
BeeMaid Honey Ltd.
1210 – 100 Street,
Tisdale, Saskatchewan S0E 1T0
Phone: (306) 873-2521
Fax: (306) 873-3455
Carrying a full line of beekeeping equipment from several manufacturers:
•
•
•
•
Dadant & Sons Ltd. • Mann Lake Supplies
Maxant • Dakota Gunness • Walter T. Kelly
Medivet • Perma-Dent Foundation
Pierco Canada • Cook & Beals • Plus Many More.
Whatever your requirements we would be glad to help. Quality products for the
beekeeping industry, including:
•
•
•
•
•
Woodenware • Queen Rearing Supplies
Package Bees & Queens • Bee Apparel
Honey Containers • Extracting Equipment
Beekeeper Tools • Novelties • Foundation
Medication & Chemicals.
Buyers of Light & Dark Beeswax at Competitive Prices. We can arrange your
sugar requirements - dry or liquid sugar in small lots or trailer load lots
delivered.
Hive Contamination Management
Iotron provides a solution for today’s bee colony problems. Iotron’s treatment program provides Apiculturist’s
a cost effective and environmentally friendly solution for managing common beehive contaminants. Iotron’s
Electron Beam irradiation treatment is proven effective for eliminating
AFB and Nosema from comb, pollen, and wax. Iotron’s treatment method
penetrates through materials like an X-Ray, yeilding superior results and
does not leave any residues. The Iotron treatment allows beekeepers to
reduce the need of antibiotics and other intervensions. Iotron’s Electron
Beam irradiation treatment program is an advanced IPM tool
for working on today’s complex issues.
Please contact Iotron for more information
Iotron Technologies Corp. 1425 Kebet Way, Port Coquitlam, BC V3C 6L3,
Tel: 604 945-8838 Fax: 604 945-8827 Email [email protected] Website www.Iotron.com
6
August 2012
HiveLights
scheduled to meet with
Bayer and the PMRA.
be a benefit for any paid up
member.
Summer has started out
incredibly dry for most of
Ontario. What appeared to
be a year with the potential
of a great honey crop is not
shaping up that way. Rain
could change everything
still but the long range
forecast doesn’t show much
hope. It is a good thing we
still have a couple months to
work with and hopefully the
optimism that characterizes
Ontario beekeepers will
prevail.
Honey producers in
Manitoba are still looking
for more options for
package bees. Producers
feel the comb we winter
our bees on needs a break.
Producers can sort through
combs discarding diseased
and troubled combs. Honey
producers feel the cold
winters in Manitoba will
kill some of the viruses and
diseases on the empty brood
combs.
With an aging population,
Manitoba
Manitoba recognizes the
importance of
Producers in
attracting younger
Manitoba are in full
farmers into
swing of extraction.
the agricultural
The first round of
sector. To this end,
honey appears to be
MBA established
looking quite good.
a $500.00
Thankfully most
scholarship for a
of the temporary
Manitoba student
Bryan Ash
foreign workers
attending the 2013
are now in place.
Commercial Beekeeping
Some producers faced
course at Grand Prairie
considerable stress as they
Regional College, Fairview
had to wait until early June
Campus, in Alberta. The
to get their full compliment
award will be announced
of requested workers.
in the upcoming months,
and students will be invited
Manitoba Beekeepers’
to submit an application
Association representatives
form along with a brief
met with the board of
essay about their interest in
Manitoba Agricultural
beekeeping.
Services Corporation and
discussed some modifications The hot, dry weather in
to the Over-Winter Bee
Manitoba could be creating
Mortality Insurance
difficulties with bee colonies.
program. The response
First of all, the canola crop
was favourable, given the
blooms are disappearing
good uptake and results
at a rapid rate due to the
of the first year of the
continuous temperatures
program. The application
in the 30 degree Celcius
form will be linked to the
range. In some areas the
MBA provincially approved
blooms are finished already.
Regulation covering
Yellow Sweet Clover is also
mandatory registration, and
nearing completion, and
therefore will have space
one wonders what nectar
for the four digit MBA
sources will be available for
Registration Number. The
the next round of honey.
insurance program will thus
Meanwhile, producers noted
varying difficulties with
Honey Bee Queens from
Hawaii. It seems producers
using the KONA line had
wide ranging results for
Queen Acceptance and
Supersedure issues. Given
the good bee survivability
this spring, there appeared
to be problems when using a
large nuc population. MBA
is working with the province
to survey users to determine
what is happening, since
Queens from both Chile and
California don’t appear to
be creating the same level of
difficulty.
Our June Field Day
had a good turn out on a
beautiful warm sunny day.
Guests were shown how
one operation has been
managing with Queen
Rearing techniques to
ensure sustainability of their
business. Producers were
quite surprised about the
event, as it rained for the
next three days afterwards.
How do you plan for such a
nice day?
Saskatchewan
While much of the winter
of 2011-2012 was quite
mild here in Saskatchewan
the same couldn’t be said
for April
and May.
The bees
as a rule
came out
of winter
in fine
condition.
The
Calvin Parsons
unusually
cold April took a heavy toll
on smaller nucleus colonies
moved out of wintering
facilities early. Much of the
beekeeping area was also
blessed with 18-24 inches
of snow in mid-april. This
snow not only was hard on
HiveLights
the colonies but it made it
very difficult for beekeepers
to get to their colonies to
do their usual beekeeping
work.
Heavy feeding of pollen
supplements helped most
colonies and a generous
dandelion flow left most
colonies in good condition.
Mating weather for queens
has been decent and nucleus
colonies made up for winter
are showing decent buildup
at this time.
June brought more rains
and poor weather and more
syrup pails were pushed
into use. Syrup tanks were
approaching Scotchman
whistle amounts when the
colonies finally started to
pick up some early ditch
flower nectar.
The flowering period in
Saskatchewan should be
extended with the poor
conditions experience in
seeding. At the time of
writing this we have canola
in full bloom and canola
that has not yet spiked.
Sometimes this occurs in the
same field!
Virtually no honey remains
in the hands of beekeepers
except for those who have
started extracting very early
as conditions in their areas
may have allowed.
Most beekeepers are still
experiencing extreme
difficulty in accessing
workers due to changes
with Service Canada. A
large majority are short
decent workers or they have
people who don’t really
want to work.
CFIA issues too have arisen
P pg 8
August 2012
7
again. Hopefully this will
be rectified before you read
this article. Why is it that
the people we have the most
trouble with are the ones
whose wages we pay!
Alberta
It is now the first of July that
we are
writing
these
updates
and I must
say I am
glad the
month of
Kevin Nixon
June is
over and I hope July brings
some sunshine. June was a
very wet and cool month in
southern and central Alberta.
It was very challenging as it
seemed like we could only get
2 or 3 days of good work in
the bees done every week due
to weather. Overall, it seems
that the bees have built up
ok. We had very good pollen
flows here and we had a
pretty decent dandelion flow
as well.
As I am writing this, we are
in the process of moving
bees in for pollination. It
has been going ok. Southern
Alberta has been very wet
as well. Some fields are not
accessible as they had up to
3 inches of rain last week in
some thunder shower areas.
Things are coming along
and we have more bees in
now, before July 1 than we
have in the past. Hopefully
things move along and we
can get them out and home
ASAP.
So, I am going to keep this
short as it is 4 pm and I
actually just got up a short
while ago because I went to
bed at 8:30 this morning and
I have to leave here shortly to
do it all over again. Ahhh!!
The life of a pollinator. 7
8
August 2012
nights down and 10 more to
go.
As we all have our challenges
in different ways, another
couple months from now it
will all be a distant memory
once again and will be
making plans for next year.
Good luck everybody!!
Yesterday was the official first
main honey flow day, and
it is only fitting that today
(Canada Day) brought rain.
I am midway through my first
pull, and so far everything
looks
excellent.
Our area
is a little
advanced
compared
to others
in Alberta,
Lee Townsend
but by all
reports it is shaping up to
be a bumper crop across the
province. It’s amazing how
strong and healthy bees make
life a little easier. It also
sounds like the pollination
industry in Alberta is doing
very well, as most beekeepers
are in full bee moving mode
right now. I just hope no one
gets complacent in their hive
health monitoring, as it would
be unfortunate if industry had
a setback and experienced
high winter losses again in
2013. As a side note, early
reports indicate that Alberta’s
overwintering losses in 20112012 were between 11-15%.
While most beekeepers across
the country are very happy
with how their hives look
this year, there are still many
issues we need to continue
working on to ensure our
industry remains strong
and vibrant. Issues such as
replacement stock, labour,
hive treatment options, and
HiveLights
food safety remain priorities
of the CHC and its directors.
Despite what a small minority
thinks, industry has remained
proactive in recent years and
as such we are experiencing
healthy colonies and
substantial colony number
increases across the country.
Millions of bees stolen
from Alberta honey
producer
A honey producer near
Grande Prairie, Alta.,
suspects another beekeeper
may be responsible for the
theft of millions of his bees.
"You would have to have
pretty good knowledge of
beekeeping," Bill Termeer said.
"You'd have to have the right
kind of equipment to go in
there and open up these hives."
More than 150 of his 3,000
hives were taken over the
past several weeks, a loss
of about three million bees.
Termeer estimates the
theft will cost him $60,000.
The loss is not covered by
insurance.
"It just sickens my stomach,"
he said.
The province's chief
beekeeper Medhat Nasr
says bee thefts are rare, with
only five in Alberta over the
past decade. However, that
number is expected to rise as
new diseases and parasites
kill bees.
"If somebody did not take
care of their bees . their
winter kill will go sky high,"
Nasr said. "So, either you buy
new bees or look for some
other sources."
RCMP are now investigating
the theft of Termeer's hives.
He says the incident is
personally disappointing to
him if it turns out someone in
his industry is to blame.
"We sort of have a code of
ethics that, you know, we put
our equipment out in fields
and we tend to trust each
other, often we will talk to
each other if we're having
problems," he said.
"And so, this is really hard to
understand."
British Columbia
Cool, wet weather was
again a challenge for
blueberry pollinators as a
rigorous routine of feeding
was needed to meet the
pollination standard of
“8 – 4 – 1” (eight frames
covered with bees, four
frames
with
brood
and one
queen) by
mid April.
Most
New
Gerry McKee
Zealand
packages arriving in
February, managed to
reach this standard of
colony strength by the
time blueberry blossoms
emerged.
Raspberry pollination was
also hampered by the cool,
damp weather and many
beekeepers were frustrated
with the grower's need
for frequent spraying of
fungicides.
Our Pesticide Management
Regulatory Agency's
(PMRA) recent
announcement of reviewing
the environmental impact of
the two neonicotinoid based
pesticides, clothianidin
and thiamethoxam has
been received by many
beekeepers with cautious
optimism as there is hope
our Agency will be able
to improve their screening
capabilities of the impact
on bees and non targeted
animals.
There is, of course, the
puzzling question of why
beekeepers continue to
pay for bee kills while
PMRA struggles to
determine the impact of
conditionally registered
pesticides upon bees?
This is an issue which
could draw beekeepers
together in demanding
compensation from those
who benefit from the use
of these poisons which
our modern food industry
seems to have become
dependent.
On our summer solstice,
we received our invitation
to the B.C. Honey
Producers Conference
& Trade Show on
November 8 – 10, 2012,
at Kamloops. With the
theme, “Innovations in
Apiculture,” this brightly
coloured brochure
outlines the Agenda,
presenters and other
attractive activites. Dr.
Carlos Castillo, Director
of the new National Bee
Diagnostic Centre at
Beaverlodge will be one
of the featured speakers.
There is a great variety
of activities for your
Significant Other in
addition to networking
with other beekeepers
in moving several
important issues forward
for national discussion.
Register before
September 30th to take
advantage of a $40.00
saving as well as a chance
to win a Warre Hive.
CO-OP Honey Packer
Bee Maid Honey’s 50th
Anniversary
Scholarship
Awards
reading their winning
essays can visit www.
beemaid.com clicking
About Bee Maid and
selecting Press News
Archive
Marketing
Li’l Honeys
The Bee
Samples Facebook
Maid annual
Promotion
Scholarship
is designed
In April, Bee
Bernie Rousseau
to stimulate
Maid ran a sample
the pursuit of
promotion driven
excellence by rewarding
entirely through their
outstanding achievement
Facebook page. This
by the children and
proved to be a very
grandchildren of our
inexpensive way to reach a
members and staff as
wide variety of consumers
they enter post-secondary
to create awareness about
study.
Bee Maid and Li’l Honeys.
The Scholarship
Committee is pleased
to announce the 2012
recipients of Bee Maid
Honey’s 50th Anniversary
Scholarships:
• From Manitoba
Cooperative Honey
Producers Limited
Héloise Garez – Héloise
is in her 4th year of Food
Science at the University
of Saskatchewan in
Saskatoon, going on to a
Masters Degree in Food
Science.
• From Alberta Honey
Producers Co-operative
Teodor Kostelnik –
Teodor is registered at
the University of Alberta
in the faculty of Physical
Education and Recreation
Combined Education. He
hopes to become a high
school Phys Ed teacher.
Teodor is currently rated
in the top three in Canada
in his age group for High
Jump.
Anyone interested in
On April 2nd a Facebook
posting announced the
free Li’l Honeys tab to our
fans. Just hours after the
start of the promotion, all
2,200 sample packets were
allocated.
Since there were so many
fans requesting a sample,
we offered an additional
300 sample packages
through Facebook on April
25th. All the Li’l Honeys
were claimed in less than
three minutes! Recipients
of the samples were very
enthusiastic, posting
Facebook comments
Small Hive Bettle Update
Submitted by Dr. Medhat Nasr
So far all inspection of
imported queens showed no
positive findings of any live/
dead small hive beetles. This
year so far exporters are doing
good job in observing the
protocol. As per our discussion
and plans from last conference
call, we can recommend using
inspection at Prevalence limit
0.5% if you wish to continue
using 0.2%, it is your own
HiveLights
touting the convenience,
quality and flavor of
the Li’l Honeys. This
promotion alone increased
our fan base from 1,096 to
6,621. In addition, 62% of
our new fans signed up for
our Sweet Talk Newsletter,
swelling our member base
to over 15,000 subscribers.
Hive to Home – Chapter 3
We continue the
fascinating story of honey
with our third chapter
of the “Hive to Home”
initiative. How honey is
produced is a captivating
food production story
and it helps consumers
better understand the
roles the honeybee and the
honey producer play in
bringing our quality 100%
Canadian honey to their
homes. A special thank
you to Barrie Termeer,
member and Chairman
of the Alberta Honey
Producers Co-operative,
for the great job he did in
representing all members
in the producer phase
of the Hive to Home
campaign. When you
see Barrie, please thank
him for his support &
dedication.
Go to http://hivetohome.
beemaid.com/ to view
Chapter 3.
decision. Some of us might
continue to check all queens
but this is up to the province.
Box of 100
queens
1
2-3
4-9
10-18
19-30
31-50
51-100
August 2012
Prevalence limit
(p%)
.2%
.5%
all
all
all
all
all
3
8
5
12
6
13
6
14
6
9
10
August 2012
HiveLights
Integrated Management of Nosema &
Detection of Antibiotic Residues
CBRF 2011, Abdullah Ibrahim, Andony P. Melathopoulos and Stephen F. Pernal
A
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Box 29, Beaverlodge, Alberta, Canada T0H 0C0
As we near the completion of our
research project, we are pleased to
report updates on those objectives
already met and the status of those
objectives nearing completion. One of
our initial objectives was to compare
methods of disinfecting N. ceranaecontaminated comb, evaluated over a
16-month period during 2009 and 2010.
An updated dataset on the efficacy of
these methods at suppressing N. ceranae
spore production and their impact on
colony productivity and survival is
presented. Also shown are initial results
from a study comparing the effect of
different sample sizes and sampling
locations on Nosema infection levels
within colonies. During the summer
of 2011, we continued our work testing
promising alternative compounds to
fumagillin, based on those previously
identified from our bioassays in 2010,
as well as testing novel compounds
synthesized specifically for this work.
We also undertook an additional
experiment examining the effect of fall
fumigillin treatments on overwintered
colonies in commercial apiaries.
Objectives in 2011:
1. To complete our evaluation of acetic
acid fumigation, heat treatment and
irradiation as methods of disinfecting
N. ceranae-contaminated comb, and
their subsequent impact on colony
productivity, and colony survival.
2. To compare the accuracy and
variability of different sampling methods
in determining N. ceranae infection levels
in colonies.
3. To further investigate the efficacy of
alternative compounds identified during
the summer 2010 for Nosema control, and
to test additional new synthetic compounds
in incubator-based cage trials.
4. To compare the efficacy of fall-applied
label dose treatments of fumagillin, in
large and small volumes of sugar syrup,
for suppressing N. ceranae infections.
1. Evaluation of methods of
disinfecting Nosema ceranaecontaminated comb.
Though first discovered as a parasite
of Apis cerana, N. ceranae is now
closely associated with Apis mellifera
throughout most beekeeping areas of the
world. As a newly-identified parasite
of A. mellifera, the mode of transmission
and epidemiology N. ceranae is not fully
understood. Based on our knowledge
of N. apis, however, it is known that the
re-use of contaminated comb is a likely
avenue for transmitting spores within
and among colonies. Therefore we
hypothesized that methods previously
used to disinfect N. apis1, 2 on comb
might also be effective at disinfecting
N. ceranae¬-contaminated comb and
equipment.
The experiment involved artificially
infecting frames of comb with N.
ceranae spores, disinfecting them
using acetic acid fumigation, heat or
irradiation then placing these frames
into brood chambers, and comparing the
subsequent infection after establishing
bees on the comb.
Methods:
One hundred and ninety-two full-depth
Langstroth frames containing fullydrawn honey comb were sprayed with
an aqueous suspension of N. ceranae
spores, prepared the previous day
from adult bees sampled from infected
colonies. Confirmation of N. ceranae was
performed by polymerase chain reaction
(PCR)3.
Each inoculated brood chamber
prepared for the experiment had four
of these frames placed in its centre,
surrounded by five additional noninoculated frames. Each inoculated
brood chamber contained an overall
dose 4.51 × 108 N. ceranae spores.
After the addition of inoculated comb,
each brood nest was assigned to one of
the following treatment groups, with
each treatment group consisting of
12 replicate colonies: (1) Acetic acid
fumigation, (2) heat-treatment, (3)
irradiation, (4) inoculated-untreated
(inoculated combs that were not
disinfected), and (5) uninoculateduntreated (combs neither receiving
inoculation, nor disinfection). Sixty
1-kg New Zealand packages were hived
on the experimental equipment. (For a
detailed description of treatments and
colony establishment please refer to our
previous report).
JMP version 74 was used for subsequent
statistical analyses in all experiments.
Data are expressed as means ± standard
error.
Results and Discussion:
Multivariate analysis of our 16-month
data set confirmed significant differences
in Nosema spore levels in colonies among
treatments (F = 27.34; df = 4, 33; P =
<.0001) and across sampling dates (F =
10.7548; df = 6, 28; P = 0.0035), however,
there was no significant interaction
between the date of sampling and
treatment applied (Wilkes’ Lambda: F
= 1.0282; df = 112, 26.418; P = 0.4893)
(Fig.1).
Thirteen days after colony establishment,
spore levels within inoculated-untreated
colonies rapidly proliferated to 10.9
million spores/bee, whereas the spore
levels in the other treatments remained
below one million spores per bee. By 21
May 2009, 19 days after establishing the
package colonies, inoculated-untreated
colonies had ten-fold more spores per
bee than the other treatment groups.
The increase, however, began to reverse
by 4 June 2009 and continued to decline
until 30 July 2009, when infections
among the inoculated-untreated colonies
appeared to rebound to 1.6 million
spores.
HiveLights
P pg13
August 2012
11
12
August 2012
HiveLights
Figure 1. Mean number of N. ceranae spores per bee following the establishment of colonies on Nosemainoculated comb treated with one of three different disinfection techniques (acetic acid, fumigation, heat,
irradiation) versus comb inoculated and left untreated and comb nether inoculated nor treated. Bees were
hived onto comb on 2 May 09 (n = 12 colonies / treatment). Spore densities (millions of spores/bee)
underscored by arrows indicate individual colonies on 13 November and 17 December 09 that fell well
outside the range of the other colonies in the group. The name of the treatment group of these outlying
colonies appears in parentheses below the number. Different letters above each date denote significant
differences among treatment means (Tukey-Kramer HSD, α=0.05).
Significantly, throughout the remainder of
the experiment, infections among colonies
established on irradiated comb and acetic
acid-fumigated comb remained very low
(Fig. 1). Although colonies on heattreated comb also exhibited low infections
through the remainder of the experiment,
they were prone to punctuated and
transitory infections.
increases were observed not among the
inoculated-untreated colonies, as was
the case the previous spring, but among
the colonies on heat-treated comb where
infection levels exceeded 1 million
spores per bee by 15 May 2010. As was
the case in the spring of 2009, however,
all infection levels declined for the
remainder of the summer by late May.
A more uniform, but smaller, increase
in infection was observed across
all the treatments towards the end
of April 2010, however the highest
Determining Nosema infection severity by
microscopically counting spores cannot
discriminate between N. apis and N.
ceranae. Consequently, to determine the
Figure 2. The proportion of colonies that were infected with either N. apis, N. ceranae or a combination of
both species at the time of colony establishment (2 May 2009, before contact with comb) or at different
dates during the experiment (n = 12 colonies / treatment).
species composition during the course
of the experiment we analyzed the bee
macerates, generated initially to count
spores, by PCR techniques. Results
indicate that while none of the package
bees were infected with N. ceranae
at the time of colony establishment,
approximately one third had low levels
of N. apis (Fig. 2). This finding confirms
that N. ceranae was transmitted to the
bees via the inoculated comb as it was not
present among the package bees. This
pattern, however, reversed after the bees
were established on comb, such that both
Nosema spp. were detected in virtually all
colonies.
N. ceranae appeared to follow a temporal
pattern in which the incidence of colonies
exhibiting an infection declined to about
one third by fall after peaking in the
spring. Infections were seen to rebound
again in April 2010, however colonies
on heat-treated comb had the highest
proportion of mixed infections compared
with other treatments (Fig. 2). When
infections declined to very low levels
toward mid-summer 2010, all irradiated
colonies maintained pure N. apis while
the other disinfection treatments
harboured some proportions of mixed
species infections. The inoculated,
untreated colonies during this time period
had single-species infections only.
Collectively, our results also tend to
suggest that N. ceranae has a seasonal
phenology similar to N. apis in northern
latitudes, whereby spore reductions tend
to occur by the mid-summer periods
after peaking in the spring. Our results
further suggest that under northern
temperate climates, N. apis is not readily
outcompeted and replaced N. ceranae in
colonies.
As reported in previously, the positive
effect of disinfecting comb also appeared
to influence the productivity of colonies,
presumably through reducing N. ceranae
infection. There were significantly
more adult bees in colonies two months
after being established on irradiated
comb compared with heat-treated comb;
colonies hived on fumigated or untreated
comb remained intermediate. Colonies
established on irradiated and acetic
HiveLights
P pg14
August 2012
13
acid-fumigated comb, the two treatments
which most greatly reduced spore levels,
had the highest level of total honey
production over the two production
seasons, though this difference was not
statistically significant.
By the end of the 16-month experiment,
42% of the colonies in the heat and
inoculated-untreated groups were dead,
compared with 33% in the fumigated
treatment, 17% in the non-inoculated
treatment and none in the irradiated
group (Fig. 3).
function of age
and task, there is a
need to determine
the precision
and accuracy of
different sampling
methods to track
Nosema levels.
Methods:
To address these
questions, we
selected 11
colonies naturallyIn conclusion, the beekeeping industry
infected with
is advised to employ irradiation as a
N. ceranae from
disinfection procedure for N. ceranae.
a commercial
beekeeping
Heat treatment for N. ceranae spores
operation in
is not recommended; this finding is
Northern Alberta.
reinforced by the newly-discovered
Samples of 250
high temperature tolerance associated
bees were taken
with these spores5. Though acetic acid
from each of three
disinfection does appear to reduce
different locations
spore levels in colonies, it does not offer
in each colony:
complete suppression.
the brood nest,
the outer honey
2. Sampling Methods for Detecting N.
frames
and the
ceranae infection level in Colonies.
Figure 4. Mean number of N. ceranae spores per bee of samples collected from
the three different locations of each hive and processed compositely as samples
underside of the
of 30, 60 or 90 bees. Samples were collected on 30 April and 12 May 2010 (n=
inner cover, on
Managing N. ceranae requires an
11). Different letters above each location denote significant differences among
locations within date of sampling (Tukey-Kramer HSD, α=0.05).
30 April and 12
accurate method to determine the
May 2010. These
infection level within colonies and to
locations correspond to common
Results and Discussion:
make informed management decisions.
sampling locations for adult bees
Because the infection level within a
within colonies. The samples from
Based on samples analyzed from
colony varies among adult bees as
each location
individual colonies on 30 April 2010,
within each colony
it was discovered that there were
were processed
differences in the level of infection as
independently, in
related to location of collection within
composite groups of
the hive as well as sample size. On 30
30, 60 and 90 bees;
April, composite samples of 30 and 90
an additional 30
bees indicated that the brood nest had
bees were processed the lowest level of Nosema infection
individually.
and that the honey frames had the
Counting of
highest, with inner cover samples being
intermediate (F = 4.56 df = 2,31; P =
Nosema spores was
0.019) and (F = 6.99; df = 2,31; P =
performed using
0.006) (Fig. 4). Composite samples of
phase-contrast light
60 bees on this date showed that the
microscopy at 400x
brood nest and the inner cover were
magnification using
similar in infection level with bees on the
standard methods6.
outer honey frames still remaining the
Some samples of 30
most highly infected (F = 6.07; df = 2;
individual bees per
31;
P = 0.006).
colony
remain
to
Figure 3. Cumulative colony mortality 16 months after hiving package bees
on Nosema ceranae-inoculated comb treated with acetic acid fumigation, heat,
be analyzed and as
irradiation, versus inoculated, untreated comb and uninoculated, untreated
On 12 May, composite samples of 30 bees
such these results
comb. Bees were hived onto treated comb on 2 May 09 (n = 12 colonies /
showed that the brood nest and inner
are
not
reported.
treatment).
14
August 2012
HiveLights
cover had the lowest level of infection
compared with the honey frames (F =
8.30; df = 2; 26; P = 0.002). In examining
composite samples of 60 bees, these
trends were again evident (13.62; df = 2,
25; P = 0.0001). Composite samples of
90 bees showed that the brood nest had
the lowest infection level and the honey
frames the highest with the inner cover
being intermediate (F = 4.86; df = 2, 25;
P = 0.017).
It is clear that bees collected from honey
frames consistently had higher spore
levels than those collected from the
inner cover and the brood nest. For
beekeepers wanting to increase their
sensitivity of detection for N. ceranae
within a colony, sampling from these
peripheral frames is desirable. In
general, brood nest bees appear to
have lowest levels of infection or
may, at times, be similar to sampling
from the inner cover. These findings
support historical work performed
with N. apis in which older bees on
peripheral frames had higher infection
levels compared with the youngest
bees in the brood nest area, with bees
on the inner cover being of mixed age
cohorts making infection levels from
this location intermediate between the
other two sampling locations. Sampling
from the inner cover, as we have
predominantly done in our work, is
likely to yield better information on the
average level of infection across all age
cohorts of the colony.
We are processing remaining samples,
particularly those of the 30 individual
bees per colony, in order to make
more robust conclusions about the
appropriate size and precision with
which Nosema infection levels can be
determined within colonies and apiaries.
3. Screening Alternative Compounds
Against N. ceranae.
During the summer 2011, we further
evaluated the two promising compounds
identified from our laboratory bioassays
on caged bees conducted during
the summer 2010. These included
carbendazim, a fungicide, and JP-P145a, an aspiring analogue of fumagillin
synthesized by Ph.D. student Johan
van den Heever. Mr. van den Heever
provided us with four additional
functional analogues of fumagillin which
were coded as: JP-P1-59a, JP-P1-50a,
JP-P1-56a and JP-P1-58a. One of
the objectives behind testing fumagillin
analogues was to understand the mode
of action of fumagillin against Nosema.
This is important because fumagillin’s
mode of action against microsporidia is
not well understood and as such using
a fumagillin analogue will allow us to
determine what functional regions of
the molecule contribute to its biological
activity. The second objective was to
determine if specific analogues have the
same efficacy as fumagillin but with more
desirable properties in terms of ease of
manufacture, stability in sugar syrup or
reduction in residue production in honey.
Methods:
ad libitum that contained 0, 0.04, 0.4 or
4 mmol of each test compound, except
fumagillin which was administered at
0.04 mmol. Each concentration was
replicated across 6 different cages.
Treatment efficacy was assessed by
comparing the density of spores among
live and dead bees from each cage
after 16 days of feeding on treated
syrup. Compounds were considered
promising if: a) spore levels declined in
a concentration-response manner, similar
to that for a positive control (fumagillin),
b) were significantly reduced compared
to those fed untreated syrup or c)
toxicity to the bees was low.
Results and Discussion:
Of the two promising compounds
selected during 2010 for further
evaluation, and those additional
compounds tested during the summer
2011, only JP-P1-45a (coded in 2010
as JP-P1-7a) showed a dose-response
relationship against N. ceranae infections,
The effectiveness of compounds was
tested against cages of workers infected
with a standard dose of N. ceranae. To
accomplish
this, cages
were stocked
with bees that
were emerged
overnight in
an incubator
from frames of
sealed brood
collected from
Nosema-free
colonies. Bees
were pooled
and mixed from
all frames and
100 workers
were added to
wooden cages
(9 x 11 x 14.5
cm). Bees were
fed ad libitum
3:2 (v:v) sucrose
syrup via gravity
Figure 5. Mean number of N. ceranae spores per bee following 17d of incubation
feeders for 24h,
among the carbendazim, JP-P1-45A and fumagillin treatments. JP-P1-45A
demonstrated a significant concentration response (n = 6 replicate cages of 100
after which time
workers/treatment × concentration). Mean comparisons were made between
they were fed
carbendazim and JP-P1-45a for each concentration (ns=non-significant and asterisk
= significant, t-Test, α=0.05). Fumagillin was omitted from the mean comparison to
5 mL of syrup
meet the assumption of homoscedacity for the analysis and it was also not tested at
containing 10
the 0.4 or 4 mmol concentration.
million spores
of N. ceranae prepared from freshlyand kept spore loads at low levels (Fig.
killed bees for an additional 48h. After
5). Although fumagillin reduced N.
inoculation, cages of bees were fed syrup
P pg16
HiveLights
August 2012
15
ceranae infections to almost undetectable
levels at 0.04 mmol, similar reductions
were only observed for JP-P1-45a at
higher concentrations (0.4 and 4 mmol).
Based on the results of all cage bioassay
trials to date, fumagillin is by far the
most effective compound identified
against N. ceranae infections in honey
bees. In 2011, carbendazim did not
prove to have suppressive effects over
the concentrations tested. The efficacy
observed for JP-P1-45a, the aspirin
analogue of fumagillin, continues
to suggest that the side chain of the
parent molecule may not be very
important for enzymatic recognition
and biological activity. This structureactivity relationship warrants further
investigation as a means of producing an
alternative to fumagillin.
Beekeepers are advised not to purchase
commercial products which purport to
reduce Nosema infections in honey bees,
other than fumagillin, as our tests over
the last several years have not been able
to substantiate any such claims.
4. Fall Fumagillin Treatment and
Monitoring through Winter 2011 and
Spring 2012
Fumagillin is the only registered
treatment for Nosema spp. in honey
bees. While its use in managing N.
apis is well understood, it remains
unclear how best to apply fumagillin to
provide optimal control of N. ceranae.
For example, label recommendations
for applying fumagillin to control
N. apis in overwintered colonies may
not be optimal for N. ceranae, as the
latter has been suggested to be more
prevalent during summer months
in certain regions7. Furthermore,
recommendations for syrup-feeding
fumagillin to individual colonies are
becoming increasingly inapplicable
with the widespread adoption of barrel
feeding in some regions. In order to
test the importance of the timing of
treatments as well as the effectiveness of
alternative formulations, we established
several experiments examining either
spring of fall-applied treatments of
the drug. Reported here are the
results of our latest experiment, which
16
August 2012
commenced in the fall of 2011.
Methods:
Thirty-six naturally N. ceranae-infected
colonies were identified on 7 September
2011 in a commercial beekeeping
operation in Northern Alberta. These
colonies were randomly divided among
three treatment groups, each group
with 12 replicate colonies. The first two
treatment groups received fumagillin
applied to the colonies at a rate of 97.5
mg a.i. per application as either a ‘Drench’
or ‘Syrup’. The drench treatment was
applied in 250 ml sucrose syrup (1:1 v/v)
poured directly onto bees in the frame
spaces. The syrup treatment was applied
in 2 L sucrose syrup in a frame feeder.
Control treatment colonies received
2 L unmedicated sugar syrup. All
treatments were applied in two successive
applications, one week apart, on 12 and
19 September 2011. As a result, each
colony received a cumulative dose 195
mg a.i. fumagillin, the recommended fall
dose for treating N. apis.
Samples of 50 bees were collected
weekly, from 7 September 2011 to 22
October 2011 from the inner cover of
the colony. From October 2011- April
2012 these indoor-wintered colonies
were sampled monthly from the winter
cluster. From April 2012 until early
June 2012, samples will be collected
biweekly, from the inner cover. Data
collected at the time of writing this
report is presented.
Results and Discussion:
At the time of establishment of the
experimental apiary (7 Sept 2011), the
average Nosema load was 3.22 ± 0.51
x 106 spores per bee and the infection
level did not differ among treatment
groups (F=0.05 df=2, 35; P=0.94, (Fig.
6). Multivariate analyses of spores levels
over time showed significant differences
among treatments (F=8.92, df=2, 23;
P=0.0014), over sampling dates (F=16.30;
df=10, 14; P= <0.0001), and a significant
interaction between time and treatment
(Wilks’ Lambda: F= 1.87; df= 20, 28;
P=0.062). Five days post-establishment,
on 12 Sept 2011, there was a natural
decline in the spore level observed in
all treatments (overall mean: 1.8 ± 0.40
x 106), with the colonies in the syrup
treatment having the lowest spore level
and colonies in the drench treatment
having the highest spore loads; untreated
colonies had intermediate infection levels.
However, one week after the second
application, irrespective of treatment,
spore loads started to increase with
continued increases observed throughout
the winter. No treatment separation was
evident until 27 February 2012. At this
Figure 6. Mean number of N. ceranae spores per bee among colonies after treatment in the fall with
fumagillin (two applications of 97.5 mg a.i. per colony, on 12 and 19 September 2011) using two different
techniques (Drench = low volume sucrose syrup applied onto bees or Syrup = bulk sucrose syrup feed)
(n = 12 colonies / treatment). Different letters above each date denote significant differences among
treatment means (Tukey-Kramer HSD, α=0.05).
HiveLights
sampling date, the untreated colonies
had the highest infection level (20 x 106
spores per bee), the drench treatment had
intermediate spore loads (8 x 106) and the
syrup treatment had the lowest levels of
Nosema spp. (4.8 x 106).
In general, based on the results of all
spring and fall application experiments
performed to date, fumagillin has been
shown to suppress infections of N. ceranae
in commercial beekeeping operations.
Label dose applications of the product in
the spring confer significant suppression
of Nosema spp. until the end of summer,
irrespective of formulation. Applications
of 195 - 200 mg a.i., of fumagillin in the
fall, whether in full volume syrup or
drench applications, appear to suppress
spore levels lower than untreated colonies
immediately after application. Few
treatment differences have been observed
over winter months and suppression of
infection levels has been observed during
the majority of weeks of the following
spring. Under both treatment paradigms,
however, monitoring of colonies during
the subsequent fall or spring season is
essential to make appropriate treatment
decisions as levels of spores, though
suppressed compared with untreated
colonies, still may exceed the nominal
economic threshold value of 1 x 106
spores per bee and can be variable among
colonies. Our experience also speaks
to the need to improve and standardize
bee sampling techniques to reduce
the potentially large variances among
samples.
General Project Conclusions:
1. Irradiation is the most effective
method of disinfecting comb
contaminated with N. ceranae spores and
promoting long-term colony survival.
2. In Northern Alberta, N. ceranae spore
levels appear to naturally decline during
mid-summer, exhibiting phenological
patterns historically seen for N. apis.
3. Applications of 100 mg a.i. fumagillin
during spring, irrespective of the
formulations evaluated, are effective
at suppressing active infections of N.
ceranae until fall.
4. Applications 195 - 200 mg a.i.
fumagillin in low or high volumes of syrup
during the fall are effective at suppressing
active infections of N. ceranae immediately
after treatment and continue to depress
spore levels below that of untreated
colonies during the following spring.
5. For both spring and fall applications
of fumagillin, monitoring of spore levels
is still essential during the subsequent
fall or spring periods to make
appropriate treatment decisions.
of their time to the analysis of remaining
bee samples.
In 2011-12, Mr. Johan van den
Heever continued as a part-time Ph.D.
student in chemistry at the University
of Alberta. Mr. van den Heever has
been devising the LC-MS/MS residue
detection technique for fumagillin and
its degradation products in honey and
has synthesized novel compounds as
alternatives to fumagillin.
Future Activities
6. With collaborators at the Agri-Food
Laboratories of the Province of Alberta,
a new LC-MS/MS technique for the
detection of fumagillin and its primary
thermal and UV degradation products
has been developed.
7. An aspirin analogue of fumagillin
appears to be a promising synthetic
compound at suppressing N. ceranae
infections in caged bees.
Continued research in this area will
focus on the determination of incurred
fumagillin residues in colonies and
further bioassay work with novel
compounds to treat Nosema spp.
Acknowledgements
In addition to the support provided by the Canadian
Bee Research Fund, this research was generously
supported by the Alberta Beekeepers’ Commission,
Medivet Pharmaceuticals, the Alberta Crop Industry
8. Fumagillin remains the most effective
antibiotic so far tested at suppressing
Nosema spp. and is highly effective
against N. ceranae.
Development Fund, Bee Maid Honey, the NSERCCANPOLIN Strategic Network and the Matching
Investment Initiative of Agriculture & Agri-Food
Canada. In-kind support was also received from
Iotron Industries Canada Ltd and Paradis Honey.
9. Honey frames in the periphery of
the brood nest appear to be the most
sensitive location to sample bees in order
to detect the presence of N. ceranae
levels in a colony.
References Cited:
1. Bailey, L. 1957. Comb fumigation for nosema
diseases. Amer. Bee J. 1: 24-26.
2. Cantwell G.E., Shimanuki, H. 1969. Heat
treatment as a means of eliminating Nosema and
Project Personnel
increasing production. Amer. Bee J. 109: 52-54.
3. Klee, J., Besana, A.M., Genersch, E., Gisder, S.,
Funds from all partners were used
to employ postdoctoral fellow, Dr.
Abdullah Ibrahim, for the duration of
this project.
Nanetti, A., Tam, D.Q., Chinh, T.X., Puerta, F., Ruz,
J.M., Kryger, P., Message, D., Hatjina, F., Korpela,
S., Fries, I., Paxton, R.J. 2007. Widespread dispersal
of the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, an emergent
pathogen of the western honey bee, Apis mellifera. J.
In the last project year, postsecondary
students Asrar Ibrahim and Devon
Sekora (Grande Prairie Regional
College) and Meagan Maloney
(University of Alberta) were hired
from May-August 2011. In addition,
Alex von Tiesenhausen was hired from
in July-August 2011 to assist with
managing colonies and honey extraction.
Invertebr. Pathol. 96:1-10.
4. SAS Institute. 2001. A guide to statistics and data
analysis using JMP and JMPIN software, 2nd ed.
SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
5. Fenoy, S., Rueda, C., Higes, M., Martín-Hernandez,
R., del Aguila, C. 2009. High-level resistance of Nosema
ceranae, a parasite of the honeybee, to temperature and
desiccation.
6. Cantwell, G.E. 1970. Standard methods for counting
Nosema spores. Amer. Bee J. 110: 222-223.
From January to March of 2012,
co-operative education students Cheryl
Penny and Marika Viens (Thompson
Rivers University) have contributed part
7. Martín-Hernández, R., Meana, A., Prieto, L.,
Salvador, A.M., Garrido-Bailón, E., Higes, M. 2007.
Outcome of colonization of Apis mellifera by Nosema
ceranae. AEM 73: 6331-6338.
HiveLights
August 2012
17
18
August 2012
HiveLights
WORLD NEWS
Poland Beekeepers Dump Thousands
of Dead Bees in Protest
Submitted by The Editor
On March 15, over 1,500 beekeepers
and anti-GMO protesters marched
through the streets of Warsaw,
depositing thousands of dead bees
on the steps of the Ministry of
Agriculture in protest of genetically
modified foods and their pesticides
which are together largely responsible
for the killing off of bees, butterflies,
moths and other beneficial pollinators
in great numbers.
Later that day the Minister of
Agriculture, Marek Sawicki,
announced plans to ban MON810,
which has already produced millions
of hectares of pesticide resistant
“superweeds” in the US.
The Polish Beekeepers Association
organized the protest, joining forces
with International Coalition to Protect
the Polish Countryside (ICPPC) and
the Coalition for a GMO Free Poland.
Targeting Monsanto’s MON810 GM
corn in particular, they also called
for a complete ban on all genetically
engineered crops as well as the
pesticides found to be most damaging
to the environment (and particularly
to bees).
In 2008, the Polish Parliament banned
GM feed, including both the planting
and importing of GM crops. “Despite
this progressive step,” reports Food
Travels, “the European Commission
has refused to accept regional bans
on GMOs, keeping Polish farmers,
producers, and activists on the offensive.”
Regardless, says the ICPPC, “None
of the nine European Union countries
that have already prohibited MON
810 did so by asking the permission of
the EU.”
There was a great variety of attire as
beekeepers dressed in their work bee
suits and masks and ran their hive
smoke guns as they marched, many
wore yellow jackets with the famous
Einstein quote, and many more
original signs, props, and costumes.
The ICPPC is asking Polish residents
to write Minister of Agriculture
Marek Sawicki, demanding that he
implement an immediate moratorium
on GM crops, without waiting for EU
approval.
HiveLights
August 2012
19
20
August 2012
HiveLights
Honey Prices A Good News
for Change
In the month of May the honey retail price
of US $ 5.65 is 8.9 % higher than one year
ago. These prices are the highest in years.....
Submitted by Dr. Medhat Nasr
HiveLights
August 2012
21
Tony Lalonde Sales Prt.
BuySell
Honey
Wax
Propolis
Beekeeping Supplies
Extracting Equipment
Used Equipment
Bentley extractors
Cowan extractors
Swinger Forklift
High Fructose Corn
Syrup
Sucrose Syrup
Inland Plastic Winter
Wraps
TLS Bee Apparel
Mahurangi Hiveware
Bee Pro Pollen
Supplement
Mountain Bee Products
- bee suits, veils
Oxytet
Permadent
Frames
Supers painted and
unpainted
Supers assembled and
unassembled
Lumber for supers
Helmets
Hive tools
Hive lifters
Smokers
Honey containers
Feeder pails
Barrels
Liners
Barrel Grabber
Barrel Carts
Pallet puller
Distributors for some or all
of the supplies
Alberta
Alberta Honey Producers Coop...................... 780-960-8010
Manitoba
Manitoba Honey Coop................................... 204-783-2240
Maritimes
Claude Hachey............................................... 506-546-6687
Ontario
Munro Honey ........................................... 519-847-5333
Quebec
Réjean Lambert.............................................. 819-828-2549
Saskatchewan
Tony Lalonde Sales.................................... 306-931-0155
[email protected]
& Sons
Enterprises Ltd.
BOX 316, AUSTIN, MANITOBA
Toll-free 1-866-800-2077
Phone: (204) 637-2277 Fax: (204) 637-2033
Murray or Adam Lewis
QUALIT Y WOODENWARE B OXES,
FRAMES, ET C., AND PINE LUMBER
Unassembled, Assembled
and/or Wax-dipped
Food-Grade Finish
Also available at all " Bee Maid "
Bee Supply Outlets
Call for Pricing
Please order well in advance.
BEEKEEPERS
BUILDING FOR BEEKEEPERS.
Tony Lalonde Sales Prt.
Box 42, Clavet Sk,
Canada S0K 0Y0
Ph: 306-931-0155
fax: 931-1646
Proud sponsor of the Canadian Honey Council
Honey Wanted
FOR CURRENT MARKET CONDITIONS
CALL – GAIL WYANT
1-800-265-4988 Ext. 3322
e-mail: [email protected]
Trusted By Beekeepers
for Over 50 Years!
McCormick Canada,
600 Clarke Road, London, On.
N5V 3K5
Fax: 519-673-0089
22
August 2012
www.billybee.com
HiveLights
or check our website:
www.fraserauction.com
Roger A. Morse
Outstanding
Teaching/Extension
Service/Regulatory
Award for 2012
Winner Announced
Submitted by Jim Bobb, EAS Chairman
M
My Fellow Beekeepers,
www.cowenmfg.com
I am pleased to announce that
Doug McRory is the EAS award
recipient for the Roger A. Morse
Outstanding Teaching/Extension
Service/Regulatory Award for
2012.
Doug McRory had been the Ontario Provincial Apiarist for
over one score and four years. Doug has been instrumental
in promoting IPM techniques for beekeepers, including
formic and oxalic acid treatment regimens; encouraging
a selection criteria and a queen breeding program, which
advanced the genetic stock for queen production and
improved mite-resistance and overwintering ability; and
played a major role in the establishment of the Ontario
Beekeepers' Association Technology-Transfer Program.
Please join me in congratulating Doug in joining a
prestigious list of previous Roger A. Morse Award winners.
We invite Mr. McRory; and all those who benefitted
from his knowledge, tutelage, and programs; to the EAS
Convention in Burlington, Vermont, the week of August 13,
2012. Visit www.easternapiculture.org for the convention
schedule and more information.
“BUY COWEN”
800-257-2894
Roger A. Morse Outstanding Teaching/Extension Service/
Regulatory Award
Recipients
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
James E. Tew, The Ohio State University
Dewey M. Caron, University of Delaware
Michael Burgett, Oregon State University
Malcolm Sanford, University of Florida, Retired
Don Dixon, Provincial Apiarist, Manitoba, Canada
Marion Ellis, Ext. Specialist, Univ. Nebraska
Tony Jadczak, Apiary Inspector, Maine
Clarence Collison, Extension, Mississippi State
Robert Berthold, Delaware Valley College, Retired
William Michael Hood, Clemson University
Dennis vanEngelsdorp, Pa Dept of Agriculture
Maryann Frazier, Ext. Specialist, Penn State University
Doug McRory, Provincial Apiarist, Ontario, Canada
In a honey bee hive, an
interesting find
F
David Ostermann, Business Development Specialist - Pollination Apiarist
Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives, Winnipeg, Manitoba
For those interested, larvae of an as-of-yet unidentified insect
were found on some honey bees in a hive in Manitoba. See picture
attached
At this point it’s suspected they are beetle larvae, perhaps of the
family Meloidae, which includes blister beetles. Larvae are being
sent out for id. A cluster of the larvae was between the thorax and
abdomen (see picture) of some live bees in the brood area of the
hive. It‘s estimated less than 1% of the bees had these on them.
The honey bee colony was in 3 standard boxes but appeared to be
struggling from varroa which was seen on some bees. The larvae
were only found on live bees on frames. On the way home from
the site, a couple bees I collected with these larvae on them were
twitching and seemed otherwise paralysed. Other bees with the
larvae on them seemed ok.
HiveLights
August 2012
23
Symposium Apimondia 2012
Élevage de reines, sélection et pathologie de
l'abeille mellifère
Du 16 au 18 novembre 2012
Hôtel Château Laurier, ville de Québec
Apimondia Symposium 2012
Queen Breeding, Selection and Honey Bee Health
November 16 to 18, 2012, Hôtel Château Laurier, Quebec City
Programme préliminaire / Preliminary Program
Vendredi 16 novembre / Friday, November 16
CONFÉRENCES / CONFERENCES
(En anglais avec traduction simultanée en français / In English with simultaneous
translation into French)
SESSION D'AFFICHES / POSTER SESSION : HORAIRE À VENIR - SCHEDULE TO COME
7h
Accueil, pause café et inscription /
Welcome, coffee break and registration
8 h 15
Mot de bienvenue / Welcome speech
Rod Scarlett, directeur exécutif, Conseil canadien du miel / Executive
Director, Canadian Honey Council
Pierre Giovenazzo, président, comité organisateur local / President,
Local Organizing Committee
8 h 25
Allocution du Commanditaire Officiel /
Official Sponsor speech
Emmanuel de France, Propolis-etc...
8 h 35
Discours d’ouverture / Opening speech
« Les nouveaux défis pour les systèmes d’assurance qualité dans une
mondialisation du marché / The new challenges for quality management systems in the globalization of makets »
Gilles Ratia, président d’Apimondia / President of Apimondia
Un programme d’élevage allemand pour augmenter la resistance
aux maladies et la productivité des abeilles canioliennes / A German
breeding program for increasing disease resistance and productivity
of Carniolan bees
Ralph Büchler, Ph.D., professionnel de recherche et chef de l'institut
sur l'abeille / Ph.D., research professional and head of the bee institute,
Landesbetrieb Landwirtschaft Hessen/Bieneninstitut Kirchhain, Al11 h 30 lemagne / Germany
Seront présentés lors de cette conférence les résultats et la structure du
programme d’élevage allemand qui vise l’amélioration de la résistance
aux maladies, la productivité et la diminution de l’agressivité des abeilles
canioliennes.
Structure and results of a German breeding program to simultaneously
improve disease resistance, productivity and gentleness of Carniolan bees
will be presented.
12 h
Animateur / Chair : Ingemar Fries
Trente années d’expérience sur le contrôle de Varroa destructor /
Thirty years experience with the control of Varroa destructor
Wolfgang Ritter, president, Commission Scientifique Santé de l’Abeille,
Allemagne / President, Scientific Commission Bee Health, Germany
13 h 30 En Europe, il y a trente ans, les colonies pouvaient survivre avec un traitement annuel contre la Varroa. Aujourd’hui, trois à quatre traitements par
année sont nécessaires. De nouvelles technologies doivent être développées.
In Europe 30 years ago, colonies could survive with one Varroa treatment.
Today, three to four per year are necessary. New strategies should be developed.
Nosema apis et Nosema ceranae – espèces similaires mais différentes / Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae – similar but different
14 h
Plénière Élevage et sélection / Plenary Breeding and selection
Animateur / Chair : Marla Spivak
9h
Élevage de la ligne « hygienic » Minnesota : 1994-2008 / Breeding the
Minnesota hygienic line : 1994-2008
Marla Spivak, Ph.D., professeur, Département d'entomologie Université du Minnesota, Minnesota, États-Unis / Ph.D., professor, University
of Minnesota, Department of Entomology, Minnesota, USA
Le comportement hygiénique est un mécanisme inné de l’abeille permettant d'augmenter la résistance aux maladies et aux acariens. Grâce
à un nouveau programme de transfert technologique, les apiculteurs
américains peuvent maintenant sélectionner spécifiquement pour cette
caractéristique dans les croisements génétiques.
Hygienic behaviour is an important mechanism of desease and mite
resistance. US beekeepers are actively selecting for this trait through a new
Technology Transfer program.
9 h 30
Grooming intensity and resistance of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.)
to Varroa destructor mites
Ernesto Guzman-Novoa, Ph.D., professor, School of Environmental
Sciences, University of Guelph, Canada
10 h
Le programme d’élevage fermé de la lignée « New World Carniolan
» dans sa 31e generation / The New World Carniolan Closed Population Breeding Program, in its 31st Generation
Sue Cobey, apicultrice, Université de l'État de Washington et Université
de Californie, Davis, Washington, États-Unis / bee breeder, Washington
State University and University of California, Davis , Washington, USA
Vue d'ensemble sur le programme d'élevage fermé de la lignée " New
World Carniolan " : son histoire, sa maintenance et ses orientations
futures.
Overview of the New World Carniolan Closed Population Breeding Program: its history, stock maintenance and future directions.
10 h 30
Pause café / Coffee break
11 h
Quebec honey bee breeding program
Pierre Giovenazzo, chercheur en apiculture, Centre de recherche en
sciences animales de Deschambault, Deschambault, Quebec
11 h 15
The Saskatraz project : Saskatchewan honey bee breeding and selection program
Albert Robertson, Ph.D., CEO and research scientist, Meadow Ridge
Enterprises LTD, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan ,Canada
24
August 2012
HiveLights
Dîner / Lunch
Plénière Pathologie de l’abeille / Bee Pathology plenary
14 h 30
Ingemar Fries, professeur, Université d’Agriculture et des Sciences de
Suède, Suède / professor, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences,
Sweden
Deux infections microsporidies chez les abeilles : similaires mais différentes.
Two Microsporidia infections in honey bees : similar but yet very different.
Comparative susceptibility of hybrid clades of the Western honeybee
to the microsporidian
Régis Fontbonne, Ph.D. étudiant, professionnel de recherche, Laboratoire Microorganismes : Génome et Environnement, Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France
Comparative analysis of honey bee survival and immune response
to co-infections of IAPV and N. ceranae using quantitative mass
14 h 45 spectrometry based proteomics
Amanda Van Haga, Ph.D., student, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British-Columbia, Canada
15 h
Épidémologie en action dans le monde apicole / The bee informed
partnership: epidemiology in action!
Denis vanEnglesdorp, M.Sc., Ph.D., assistant de recherche, Université
du Maryland, États-Unis / M.Sc., Ph.D., assistant research scientist,
University of Maryland, USA
Le BIP est un programme conçu pour réduire les pertes de colonies. Nous
soulignerons les outils qui fonctionnent bien pour la gestion et ceux à ne
pas utiliser.
Dans plusieurs parties du monde, les populations d’abeilles ont diminué
depuis des décennies. Nous explorerons et évaluerons le rôle que les
facteurs biotiques et abiotiques jouent dans la gestion du nombre de
colonies actives.
Bee Informed Partnership (BIP) is a program dedicated to reducing colony
losses. We highlight which management tools work and which do not.
In many parts of the world Honey Bee Populations have been declining for
decades. Here we explore and assess the role a host of biotic and abiotic
factors play in managed colony numbers.
15 h 30
Pause café / Coffee break
16 h
Your hive as an integrated tool box: predictive biomarkers for losses
of managed honey bee colonies
Benjamin Dainat, Ph.D., scientist, USDA-ARS Bee Research Laboratory, Beltsville, USA / Swiss Bee Research Centre, Bern, Switzerland
16 h 30
Contribution des outils génomiques à la santé de l’abeille mellifère /
Genetic toolbox for bee health
Jay Evans, Ph.D., chercheur en entomologie, Laboratoire de recherche
apicole, Département d’agriculture des États-Unis, États-Unis / Ph.D.,
research scientist, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Bee research laboratory, USA
Cette conférence abordera comme sujets les outils génétiques pour étudier
la santé des abeilles de même que les résultats spécifiques d’études sur les
pathogènes et produits chimiques qui affectent les abeilles.
I will discuss genetic tools for studying honey bee health, and specific
results from studies of pathogens and chemicals that affect honey bees.
Mot de clôture – invitation au banquet pour les inscrits / Closing
speech – invitation to the banquet for the participants
11 h
Impact of viruses on honey bee comb on the phenology of virus
dynamics and impact of viruses on honey bee colony performance
Rob Currie, Ph.D., professor and Head, Department of Entomology,
University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
CONFÉRENCES / CONFERENCES
11 h 30
(En anglais avec traduction simultanée en français / In English with simultaneous
translation into French)
SESSION D'AFFICHES / POSTER SESSION : HORAIRE À VENIR - SCHEDULE TO COME
Infections, dynamiques virales et contrôle des acariens / Virus infection, mite control and virus dynamics
Ingemar Fries, professeur, Université d’Agriculture et des Sciences de
Suède, Suède / professeur, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences,
Sweden
Le contrôle des acariens peut influencer la dynamique virale du virus.
Mite control may influence virus infection dynamics.
12 h
Dîner / Lunch
17 h
19 h
Souper thématique / Thematic Dinner
Samedi 17 novembre / Saturday, November 17
7h
Accueil, pause café et inscription /
Welcome, coffee break and registration
8 h 15
Mot de bienvenue / Welcome speech
Rod Scarlett, directeur exécutif, Conseil canadien du miel / Executive
Director, Canadian Honey Council
Pierre Giovenazzo, président, comité organisateur local / President,
Local Organizing Committee
8 h 25
Allocution du Commanditaire Officiel /
Official Sponsor speech
Emmanuel de France, Propolis-etc...
8 h 30
Discours d’ouverture / Opening speech
Technologie et qualité, un défi pour l’avenir de l’apiculture / Technology and quality, the challenge for the future
Étienne Bruneau, président, Commission Scientifique Technologie
et Qualité – Apimondia, ingénieur agronome, diplôme en administration d'entreprises, administrateur délégué, CARI – Centre apicole de
recherche et d’information, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique / President,
Technology and Quality Scientific Committee – Apimondia, agronomist engineer, degree in business administration, Managing Director,
Beekeeping Centre for Research and Information, Louvain-la-Neuve,
Belgique
Dans notre monde apicole en pleine évolution et confronté à d'énormes
difficultés, quelles sont les priorités en matière de technologie et de qualité?
Our beekeeping world is changing and facing enormous difficulties, what
are the technology and quality priorities for the future?
Plénière Élevage et sélection / Breeding and selection plenary
Animateur / Chair : Ralph Buchler, Ph.D., Bieneninstitut Kirchhain, Allemagne
/ Germany
L’adaptation et la diversité des abeilles européennes comme facteurs
clés pour la survie et la productivité des colonies / Diversity and
local adaptation of European honey bees as key factors for colony
survival and productivity
Ralph Buchler, Ph.D., professionnel de recherche et chef de l'institut
sur l'abeille / Ph.D., research professional and head of the bee institute,
Landesbetrieb Landwirtschaft Hessen/Bieneninstitut Kirchhain, Al13 h 30 lemagne / Germany
Quelle est l’importance des différences génétiques et des adaptations environnementales spécifiques dans l’apparition de pertes de colonies?
Les résultats et recommandations d’une étude européenne vous sont
présentés.
How important are genetic differences and specific environmental adaptations for the occurrence of colony losses? Results and recommendations of
a Europe-wide study will be presented.
14 h
Marker-Assisted Selection in honey bees using proteins
Stephen F. Pernal, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Beaverlodge
Research Farm, Beaverlodge, Alberta, Canada
14 h 30
The effects of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) queen reproductive
potential on colony growth
Juliana Rangel, postdoctoral research associate, Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
14 h 45
First evidence that Nasonov gland pheromone is involved in recruiting honeybee works for individual larvae to be reared as queens
Saad N. AL-Kahtani, Saudi Arabia
15 h
Insémination artificielle, son utilisation aujourd’hui / Instrumental
insemination, its use today
Sue Cobey, apicultrice, Université de l'État de Washington et Université
de Californie, Davis, Washington, États-Unis / bee breeder, Washington
State University and University of California, Davis , Washington, USA
L'insémination artificielle : un outile essentiel pour contrôler
l'accouplement chez l'abeille. C'est également un moyen qui permet de
créer de nouveaux croisements avec les exigences, les complexités et les
usages courants.
Instrumental insemination : an essential tool to control honey bee mating.
It also provides a means to create novel crosses, the requirements, intricacies and current uses.
15 h 30
Pause café / Coffee break
16 h
Status of two commercialized breeding programs providing Varroaresistant bees in the USA
Robert Danka, USDA-ARS, Honey Bee Breeding, Genetics and Physiology Laboratory, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
16 h 30
Transfert technologique des résultats de la recherche en sélection et
élevage de l’abeille mellifère : 2008 et au-délà / Translating bee breeding research into beekeeping practice : 2008 and beyond
Marla Spivak, Ph.D., professeur, Département d'entomologie Université du Minnesota, Minnesota, États-Unis / Ph.D., professor, University
of Minnesota, Department of Entomology, Minnesota, USA
Le comportement hygiénique est un mécanisme inné de l’abeille permettant d'augmenter la résistance aux maladies et aux acariens. Grâce
à un nouveau programme de transfert technologique, les apiculteurs
américains peuvent maintenant sélectionner spécifiquement pour cette
caractéristiques dans les croisements génétiques.
Hygienic behaviour is an important mechanism of desease and mite
resistance. US beekeepers are actively selecting for this trait through a new
Technology Transfer program.
17 h
Mot de clôture – invitation aux ateliers du lendemain pour les
inscrits / Closing speech – invitation at the Sunday workshops for
the participants
Plénière Pathologie de l’abeille / Bee Pathology plenary
Animateur / Chair : Denis vanEnglesdorp
9h
Un examen historique des populations d’abeilles en Europe et aux
États-Unis et les facteurs pouvant les affecter / A historical review
of managed honey bee populations in Europe and the United States
and the factors that may affect them
Denis vanEnglesdorp, M.Sc., Ph.D., assistant de recherche, Université
du Maryland, États-Unis / M.Sc., Ph.D., assistant research scientist,
University of Maryland, USA
Le BIP est un programme conçu pour réduire les pertes de colonies. Nous
soulignerons les outils qui fonctionnent bien pour la gestion et ceux à ne
pas utiliser.
Dans plusieurs parties du monde, les populations d’abeilles ont diminué
depuis des décennies. Nous explorerons et évaluerons le rôle que les
facteurs biotiques et abiotiques jouent dans la gestion du nombre de
colonies actives.
Bee Informed Partnership (BIP) is a program dedicated to reducing colony
losses. We highlight which management tools work and which do not.
In many parts of the world Honey Bee Populations have been declining for
decades. Here we explore and assess the role a host of biotic and abiotic
factors play in managed colony numbers.
9 h 30
Efficacy of new miticides for the management of Varroa destructor
under Canadian prairie conditions
Lynae Vandervalk, M.Sc. candidate, graduate student, Department of
Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science Agriculture-Forestry Centre,
University of Alberta, Edmonton
9 h 45
(À CONFIRMER / TO CONFIRM)
10 h
Survie des abeilles mellifères confrontées aux maladies / Survival of
honey bees in the face of disease
Jay Evans, Ph.D., chercheur en entomologie, Laboratoire de recherche
apicole, Département d’agriculture des États-Unis, États-Unis / Ph.D.,
research scientist, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Bee research laboratory, USA
Cette conférence abordera comme sujets les outils génétiques pour étudier
la santé des abeilles de même que les résultats spécifiques d’études sur les
pathogènes et produits chimiques qui affectent les abeilles.
I will discuss genetic tools for studying honey bee health, and specific
results from studies of pathogens and chemicals that affect honey bees.
10 h 30
Pause café / Coffee break
Dimanche 18 novembre / Sunday, November 18
HiveLights
August 2012
25
CHOIX A / CHOICE A
CIRCUIT TECHNIQUE ET ATELIER DE FORMATION / WORKSHOPS
(billingue / bilingual)
Coordonnateur / Coordinator : Paul Kosak, et / and Dr. Claude Boucher
Choix de circuit / Choice of workshops : (Dîner inclus / Lunch included)
10 h to 15 h Lieu / Place : Centre de recherche en sciences animales de Deschambault (CRSAD)
#1 Circuit technique / Workshop
Hivernage efficace des colonies d’abeilles en regions tempérées / Effective
wintering of honey bee colonies in temperate climate
Paul Kosak, chef apicole provincial de l’Ontario / Ontario provincial apiarist
Nicolas Tremblay, conseiller apicole provincial, CRSAD, Québec, Canada
Ou / OR 9 h to 12 h Lieu / Place : Hôtel Château Laurier
#2 Atelier de formation / Workshop
Lutte intégrée pour l’apiculture à grande échelle / Integrated pest management
for large scale beekeeping
Medhat Nasr, chef apicole de la province de l’Alberta / Alberta provincial apiarist,
Canada
Dr Claude Boucher, vétérinaire, ministère de l’Agriculture et de l’Agroalimentaire
du Québec, Québec, Canada / veterinary, Ministry of Agriculture and Agri-Food
of Quebec, Quebec, Canada
CHOIX B / CHOICE B
VISITE GUIDÉE DE LA VILLE DE QUÉBEC EN AUTOCAR DE LUXE /
SIGHTSEEING OF QUEBEC CITY IN BUS
(billingue / bilingual)
9 h to 12 h
Nous vous invitons à découvrir les charmes et les sites historiques de la ville
de Québec : le quatier Latin, les plaines d'Abraham, les ramparts, le Château
Frontenac, l'Assemblée nationale, la Basilique Notre-Dame, l'Hôtel de ville, la
Place Royale, la Citadelle ainsi que plusieurs points d'intérêt des quartiers plus
modernes de la ville. Trois arrêts prévus.
We invite you to discover the charm and historic sites of Quebec city : the
Quartier Latin, the Plains of Abraham, the ramparts, the Château Frontenac, National Assembly, the Notre Dame Basilica, City Hall, Place Royale, the Citadelle
and many points of interest of most modern neighborhoods of the city. Three
scheduled stops.
26
August 2012
HiveLights
Classifieds:
403-599-3953. Summit Gardens Honey, Milo, Alberta.
www.summitgardenshoney.com
Bee Supplies for Sale
Wanted – Bees Wax for candles: (ON)
Bee Supplies - Silicon Moulds for Candles: Petawawa
(ON)
Over 18 years selling high quality silicon moulds for
making beeswax candles. The moulds do not require
lubrication. Easy to follow instructions included in $5.00
catalogue. Cost of the catalogue is refunded on your first
order. Contact: E. & R. Schmitt, 3468A Petawawa Blvd.
Petawawa, ON K8H 1X3. Phone: Business 613-687-4335
Light Yellow rendered beeswax cappings.
Email: [email protected],
Phone: 613-478-3784 Contact: Ian or JoAnn Fraser.
Wanted – Barrels of white and buckwheat honey: (ON)
Phone: 647-801-6690. Contact: Jonathan.
For Sale: 80 hives and honey equipment for sale in Ontario.
Call 780-728-7006.
Honey Bees For Sale
Retirement Sale: 50 frame, stainless Maxant extractor
and Ford F250 4X4
Super Duty with hydraulic tailgate, flat deck, expanded
metal walls, etc.
Phone 306-374- 8130 or e-mail [email protected]
For sale: Queen cells ready for pick-up June and July.
Mated queens shipped June through September. Highlands
Honey, 6-Z2 Old Kingston Rd., Portland, ON, K0G 1V0.
Phone: 613-272-2091
For sale: 1300 hives of bees available after blueberry
pollination in New Brunswick. Double brood chamber
hives, migratory lids and pallets. 3 semi loads, available
approx. by June 23.
Free delivery to New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario.
Call Chris 519-617-5503.
For sale: 400 four frames nucs, available starting beginning
of may, minimum of 3 frames of brood + 1 honey frame. All
Hawaiian carniolian queens from last year, please contact
Pierre : 1 204 248 2645 or cell number 1 204 208 0110.
Nucs have to be picked up in Southwestern Manitoba.
Minimum of 10 nucs at a time. Price :
150 dollars per nucs. We'll give you a
Use round comb section equipment by
reduction for any big quantity orders.
Ross Rounds, Inc. and see how this low
cost investment can increase your profits.
Wanted to Buy
• 8 oz. Sells For Same As 12 oz.
Wanted - Raw Honey
• Minimal Labor
• Bees Fill Completely
Will buy raw honey, small or large
• No Breakage And No Propolis
amounts.
• Attractive Durable Package
Preference from Southern BC region.
250-495-2234
“Will pay top dollar”
To purchase, contact your dealer.
For more information call
toll-free: 877.901.4989
Wanted - Round Comb Honey
Equipment: Milo (AB)
Used Round Comb Honey Equipment.
Supers, Frames, etc. Cobana/Ross
Round Size. Best Price. We pick up.
Comb Honey
Has Come
Full Circle.
www.rossrounds.com
PO Box 11583, Albany, NY 12211
HiveLights
August 2012
27
Fully reconditioned and #1 Quality Export Drums - Offering custom
trucking across western Canada and western states.
Office/Cory 250-499-5773 - Lee 250-499-5753 Fax 250-499-5752
PLANET BEE HONEY FARM
TOURS & GIFTS
Retail / Wholesale &
5011 Bella Vista Road
Vernon, B.C. V1H 1A1
Phone 250 542-8088
email: [email protected]
website: www.planetbee.com
Distributor Pricing,
Re-sellers Wanted
Specialty Honey, Pollen,
Propolis, Royal Jelly,
Filtered Beeswax
WAX FOR SALE!
For all your crafting and candle needs!
Yellow and Ivory wax
Phone us for more information!
1-403-687-2440
Poelman Apiaries Ltd., Box 1887, Fort Macleod, AB T0L 0Z0
“SAVE OUR BEES”
donations can be made to:
[email protected]
MENTHOL BOARDS
Please order early
HAMILTON BEE RANCH LTD.
Box 1169, Nipawin SK S0E 1E0
Phone 306-862-4194
Fax 306-862-4193
Producers of Northern Blossom Honey
The proof is
in the frame!
Made from 100% Natural Vegetable
Ingredients
Contains:
No Pollen - No Hive Products - No Animal Products - No Soy
Products - No Chemicals
Formulated to closely emulate the natural diet of Honeybees
Available Dry and in Patties
Available from:
Ellingson’s Inc. – 1.888.273.2300
Cell - 1.320.760.6769
www.FeedBee.com
NOW AVAILABLE
Revised 2nd Edition
IPM BOOKLETS
Integrated Pest Management
• Including a new chapter on Small Hive Beetle
• Printed in Full Color
• 3’’ x 5’’ (60 pages)
• $7.00 each plus $2.00 S/H
• Advertising space available
To order contact: [email protected]
Proud sponsor of the Canadian Honey Council