Dust Suppression Update English - Nunavut Municipal Training

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Dust Suppression Update English - Nunavut Municipal Training
Dust Suppression Alternatives
2016 Update
June, 2016
Contents
Overview................................................................................................................... 3
Mandate .................................................................................................................................................... 3
Background ............................................................................................................................................... 3
2016 Update ............................................................................................................................................. 4
Product Descriptions ................................................................................................... 5
Product Application ..................................................................................................... 8
Product Shipping and Cost ......................................................................................... 10
Contacts ................................................................................................................. 14
References .............................................................................................................................................. 16
Overview
Mandate
One outcome of the February 2009 Regional Mayors Forum in Nunavut was a petition to the
territory’s Ministry of Community and Government Services to investigate alternatives to the
use of calcium chloride for dust control on municipal roads.
The Ministry contacted ICURR to conduct a preliminary survey of alternative products, paying
particular attention to:
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Costs including weights for shipping
Application process
Required equipment for application
Pros/con for environmental side effects
The Ministry also informed ICURR that Tembind, a lignin-based product, had already been
investigated locally and need not be considered in this survey.
Background
To place the options for consideration in context, it is important to consider the key benefits
for dust control or suppression:
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Road maintenance costs can be lowered by reducing loss of aggregates
Road safety can be increased by improving visibility and road surface conditions
Dust-related health issues for humans can be minimized
Negative impacts of dust on wildlife and vegetation can be reduced
Damage to vehicles and equipment can be reduced
The decision on which dust control process is to be used must consider several important
questions:
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Is the product environmentally responsible? Does it meet regulatory standards?
Is special equipment required to apply the product?
Are there safety issues for employees and/or contractors in handling the product?
Will there be any need for special storage and warehousing?
How effective is the product in achieving the desired outcome?
What is the required frequency of application? How durable is the product?
Cost?
Before even embarking upon a dust suppression strategy, the road authority should determine
if other elements of road performance have been incorporated into the assessment. Road
design and construction, including crowns, shoulders and drainage should be examined. Are
appropriate surface materials being used? Have reduced speed limits been considered? Is
paving an option?
2016 Update
The purpose of the update was to identify whether the companies identified in 2009 were still
operational and whether they carried the products that were identified in 2009 or if they had
new products that were developed since 2009 for dust suppression. In addition to conducting
an update on the previously identified companies and their products a search was conducted
into other companies and their dust suppression products which were not considered or may
have not existed in 2009.
Although there have been a few distribution company name changes, eights of the nine
products examined in 2009, are still available for distribution in 2016. These companies were
contacted to obtain an update on their current costs and to determine if there have been any
changes in the products that were identified in 2009. In addition three new companies and
four products were added to the companies identified in 2009 and updated in 2016.
One company which was contacted for an update refused to provide price updates due to their
policy of not providing quotes for non-account holders therefore the 2009 cost estimate was
not able to be updated.
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Product Descriptions
The categories of products for dust suppression include:
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Hygroscopics (magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, etc)
Lignin derivatives (e.g. Tembec’s Tembind or TDS)
Bitumens, tars and resins
Vegetable oils (canola, soybean, linseed etc)
Synthetic polymer emulsions
Since the chlorides currently in use in Nunavut have been determined to be undesirable, and
a lignan product has already been tested, ICURR did not include any products based on these
compounds in this survey. Bunker C oil was to be considered but has been omitted from this
report due to its negative environmental impacts (Yukon) and the fact that changes to
petroleum refining processes have rendered the product scarce and relatively expensive
(interview with Frank Hall, OGRA).
In most cases, any dust suppressant will be affected to a certain extent by the conditions in
which it is being applied and under which it is expected to perform. The local soil (percentage
of sand, glacial till, clay etc), the drainage conditions, the application process and the
application rates all play into the product’s performance. Similarly, traffic type and density
need to be taken into account. The number of vehicles per day and the type of vehicles
(percentage which are automobiles, light-duty trucks, heavy equipment, ATVs etc) will both
need to be assessed against product features in order to determine the best choice for the
particular situation.
Given that most product testing has been conducted in southern Canada and the United
States, product selection for use in far northern locales should probably be preceded by testing
under local conditions and on tundra soils. It is important to stress that the manufacturer’s
recommended application rates need to be followed to guarantee results.
There are many companies in North America selling dust suppressant products for roads and
this report does not attempt to be comprehensive or recommend one product over another.
The sampling attempts to provide an array of alternative products representing different
product categories and including both Canadian and American suppliers capable of delivering
in the volumes required.
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Table 1. Selected non-chloride, non-lignan dust suppressants
Product
Company
Product Type
Dust Stop
Cypher Environmental
Polymer
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Proprietary formula
(modified polysaccharide)
DSF65
RDS
EnviroKleen
EK 35
Syntech EDC
PetroTac
Organic,
biodegradable,
renewable resource,
non-toxic
Non-toxic, “readily
biodegradable”
Petro Canada
Petroleum-based
Calgary, Alberta
iso-paraffinic fluid
Milligan Biofules
Vegetable Oil (Canola)
Biodegradable,
renewable resource
Beamsville, Ontario
Tall Pitch Oil (organic liquid
pine rosin emulsions - not a
lignosulphonate)
Organic, non-toxic,
biodegradable
(100%)
Hydrograss Technologies
Petroleum Emulsion
North Oxford, Mass
Synthetic Isoalkane
Biodegradable
(60%), non-toxic
Hydrograss Technologies
Petroleum Emulsion
North Oxford, Mass
Synthetic Isoalkane
Syntech
Toledo, Ohio
Hygroscopic, agriculturally
engineered from renewable
resources, contains some
chloride)
Biodegradable, nontoxic, non-leaching
Syntech
Modified Bitumen
Biodegradable, nontoxic, non-leaching
Foam Lake, Saskatchewan
Entac
Environmental
Impact*
ENS Solutions Ltd
Toledo, Ohio
Biodegradable
(60%), non-toxic
Dustkill
Dustkill, Columbus Indiana
Agriculturally derived oil
Bio-degradable, nontoxic
BioRain
Dustkill, Columbus Indiana
Agriculturally derived oil
Bio-degradable, nontoxic
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Adherex
Envirosafe Chemicals
Canada, North Battleford
Saskatchewan
Vegetable (Canola Oil)
Non-hazardous
Dustless
DirtGlue Enterprises,
Amesbury MA
Organic Blend
Non-hazardous, noncorrosive
Proprietary formula
*MSDS sheets or equivalent data is available from most suppliers on their web sites
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Product Application
Application of dust suppressant products can be either topical or worked into the surface via
grading or scarification. Some products are applied as supplied and others require additional
handling (e.g. mixing, pumping, heating, compacting etc). Products come in a variety of forms
including liquids, emulsions, powders etc. Curing times are often dependent upon climate
conditions at the time of application and can also vary significantly from product to product.
The durability of dust suppressants depends upon the type of product used, its application,
the amount of rainfall, the temperature and the amount of traffic. Some product durability is
enhanced with each subsequent application.
Table 2. Application
Product
Preparation
Topical/
Mixed
Application Rate
Equipment
Dust
Stop
Liquid
Concentrate
Mix with water
Topical
1 gal/2m2
Tanker truck with spray bar and
agitator or recirculating pump
DSF65
No dilution
Topical
0.5 to 2L/m2
Tanker truck with spray bar
RDS
No dilution,
liquid
Topical
1L/m2
Tanker truck with spray bar
Entac
Mix with water
Topical
Varies and
customizable
based on surface
type and number
of applications
Tanker truck with spray bar,
aerial application available from
company.
EnviroKleen
No dilution
Topical and
mixed
4L/6.5m2
Tanker truck with spray bar
EK 35
No dilution
Topical and
mixed
4L/6.5m2
Tanker truck with spray bar
Syntech EDC
Straight or
diluted with
water
Topical and
mixed
0.10-0.50
gal/square yard
Tanker truck with spray bar and
pump
Suppressant
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PetroTac
Dilution, liquid
Topical
mixed
and
0.05-0.5
gallons
per square yard
Tanker truck with spray bar and
pump
1 gallon/50 ft2
Tanker truck with spray bar
Dustkill
Liquid, no
dilution
Topical
BioRain
Liquid mixed
with water
Topical
Adherex
Liquid mixed
with water
Topical
1L/m2
Water truck with circulating
pump
Dustless
Liquid, no
dilution
Topical
Minimum
application
0.02Gal/sq. ft.
Tanker Truck with spray bar
Any type of spraying device
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Product Shipping and Cost
Obviously, in shipping these products any great distance, the shipping costs can be the single
largest expense. Product pricing in almost all cases will vary depending upon the quantities
ordered, and shipping costs will vary based on the weights of the product and the distances
to be shipped.
The products are generally available in bags (50 to 55 pounds) or totes if they are in powdered
formats and 450 pound drums or 2000 plus pound totes if they are liquid. Bulk shipments are
available for most products will result in better pricing for both product and shipping costs.
Most product manufacturers indicate that surface condition is a factor in product efficiency
and surface preparation costs will only be known on a case by case basis. This can range from
no surface preparation required to extensive grading, scarification and drainage work. Clearly,
the more preparation required prior to application will have an impact on cost.
Application rates vary from product to product. Even with the same product, suppliers often
specify a range of application rates depending upon road and climate conditions.
Application equipment costs in many cases will be no greater than current costs where typical
water trucks with sprayer attachments are used. However, in some cases, products will
necessitate the addition of agitators or pumps which will need to be factored in to cost
estimates.
The durability of the product is another factor to be considered when evaluating cost.
Durability claims vary widely from product to product and those claims will need to be
evaluated on a case by case basis. Some products would need multiple applications per season
while others claim to need only one. Most products must be reapplied after reworking the
surface for maintenance but at least one claims to continue to be effective after reworking.
After the initial application, some products are applied at the same rate for all subsequent
applications while others can be applied at significantly reduced rates on subsequent
applications (as little as 30% of the 1 st application). All of these elements can have a dramatic
effect on the cost.
In comparing costs, the relative environmental impacts, while difficult to quantify, should be
factored in. Also, when compared to chloride based products, all of the products surveyed for
this report do not have the corrosive qualities on machines and equipment normally
associated with chlorides.
Finally, product handling and storage is different from product to product. Emulsions require
careful handling and cleaning of equipment, some products work best when applied in warm
weather and others claim to be easily applied in below freezing weather. This may result in
incremental costs or savings for the road authority.
The cost estimates in the table that follows are based on application rates that are either the
recommended rate or the highest rate for maximum results and durability. Lower rates might
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be appropriate in certain cases. The costs are also based on pricing provided for non-bulk
orders.
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Table 3. Product shipping options and cost
Product/Source
Shipping options
Product Cost*
Dust Stop Liquid
1000 Litre totes and bulk
$4.33/Litre of concentrate (2016) (CND)
Cypher International
Winnipeg, MB
DSF65
Pricing customizable based on surface type
and number of applications
250 Litre drum or bulk
Petro Canada
$3.08/Litre (2009 estimate)
Contacted in 2016, company policy will not
allow for price estimate without account and
quote details.
Calgary, AB
RDS
205 Litre drum
Milligan Bio-Tech
1000 litre totes or bulk
$1.25/Litre (2016 estimate) (CND)
Foam Lake, SK
Entac
ENS Solutions Ltd
275 Gal tote or bulk
tankers
$1.54/Litre of 55% concentrate (CND)
(2016 estimate)
Beamsville ON
55 gallon drums (new in
2016)
EnviroKleen
55 Gal drum (475 lbs)
$10.50/Gal (2009) (awaiting reply)
Hydrograss Tech
275 Gal tote (2300 lbs)
(3.78L)
EK 35
55 Gal drum (475 lbs)
$9.25/Gal (2009) (awaiting reply)
Hydrograss Tech
275 Gal tote (2300 lbs)
(3.78L)
EDC
55 Gal drum (605 lbs)
Syntech
275 Gal tote (3025 lbs)
$2.25/Gal (USD) (bulk – prices based on
4500-5800 gallon loads) (2016 prices)
Toledo, Ohio
Bulk
North Oxford, Mass
North Oxford, Mass
$893.75/Tote (USD) (275 gallons)
$206.25/drum (USD) (55 gallons)
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PetroTac
55 Gal drum (500 lbs)
Toledo, Ohio
275 Gal tote (2310 lbs)
Dustkill
275 Gal totes, 55 gallon
drums and 5 gallon
containers
$2.75/Gal (USD) (2016)
BioRain
4900 Gal bulk tankers
$1.75/Gal (USD) (2016)
Columbus Indiana
18,500 Gal railcar
Adherex
1000 Litre totes
Columbus, Indiana
$3.05/Gal (USD) (bulk) (2016)
$1.80/ Litre (CDN) (2016)
~ 0.60/Litre (CDN) diluted
Dustless
275 Gal totes
Amesburry, MA
Bulk Tankers
$8.5/Gal (USD) (2016)
*All costs are exclusive of shipping and application.
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Contacts
Cypher Environmental Ltd
391 Campbell St
Winnipeg, Manitoba R3N 1B6
Darryl Chuback
Tel: 204-489-1214 x 108
Cell: 204-997-4175
http://www.cypherenvironmental.com/
Petro Canada
P.O. Box 2844
150 – 6th Avenue S.W.
Calgary, Alberta T2P 3E3
1-866-355-3369, 403-296-8000
http://www.petro-canada.ca/default.aspx
Milligan BioFuels Inc
Box 130, 907 Highway 16E
Foam Lake, Saskatchewan S0A 1A0
306-272-6284, 1-866-388-6284
www.milliganbiotech.com/
ENSSolutions Ltd
Paul Goulet, 416-960-4713 Cell: 416-617-0904
4306 Bartlett Rd.
Beamsville. Ontario. L0R 1B1
http://www.entacemulsions.com/
Hydrograss Technologies
157 Southbridge Road,
North Oxford, Massacheussetts, 01537
Paul Nigosian, 508-726-7695, 1-800-853-5393
http://www.hydrograsstech.com/
SynTech
520 East Woodruff, Toledo Ohio 43604
Ted Leslie, 1-800-537-0288
http://www.syntechproducts.com/
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Dustkill LLC.
6921 East 600 North
Columbus, IN 47203
David Streitelmeier
[email protected]
(317) 446-7672
1(877) 350-2645
http://www.arenadust.com/
Envirosafe Chemicals Canada
James Davey
10011 Thatcher Avenue
Po Box 1792
North Battleford, Saskatchewan,
(306) 446-0505
http://www.envirosafechem.com/
DirtGlue Enterprises, LLC
Chris Rider
[email protected]
83 Middle Street
Amesbury, MA 01913
978-388-3312
https://www.dirtglue.com
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References
Dust control for Unpaved Roads, National Guide to Sustainable Municipal Infrastructure
(InfraGuide), October 2005
Dust Palliative Application and Selection Guide, Bolander et al, U.S. Department of
Agriculture,1999 http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/air/pdfs/Dust_Palliative.pdf
Potential Environmental Impacts of Dust Suppressants: Avoiding Another Times Beach, An
Expert Panel Summary Las Vegas, Nevada May 30-31, 2002, U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency 2004, Piechota et al.
http://www.epa.gov/esd/cmb/pdf/dust.pdf
Testing of Dust Suppressants for Water Quality Impacts, Karen Irwin et al, U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency, 2008.
http://www.epa.gov/region09/air/dust/DustSuppressants-sept2008.pdf
Alaska Rural Dust Control Alternatives, (DRAFT), Sierra Research for the Alaska Department
of Environmental Conservation, 2006
http://www.epa.gov/region09/air/dust/DustSuppressants-sept2008.pdf
Dust Suppressants, Environment Yukon, Government of Yukon. Retrieved on March 3, 2009
from
http://environmentyukon.gov.yk.ca/monitoringenvironment/EnvironmentActandRegu
lations/dustsuppres.php
Telephone interviews with each company contact, February 25 to March 6, 2009.
Telephone Interviews with each company contact, June 8th to June 9th, 2016.
Telephone interview with Frank Hall, Ontario Good Roads Association (OGRA), March 2, 2009.
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