ASSIGNMENT CORRECTION / CORRECTION DU DEVOIR D0113

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ASSIGNMENT CORRECTION / CORRECTION DU DEVOIR D0113
ANGLAIS DES AFFAIRES – CORRIGÉ DU DEVOIR D0113
ASSIGNMENT CORRECTION /
CORRECTION DU DEVOIR D0113
A.
Multiple choice questions. Justify your answers
1.
After the WTO’s activity in Geneva, negotiators decided
1.1. to put an halt to bilateral trade agreements.
1.2. give a thought to the usefulness of bilateral agreements.
1.3. multiply their efforts on bilateral agreements.
Answer: “negotiators bounced back with a flurry of activity on bilateral trade agreements.”
2.
As far as bilateral trade agreements are concerned, the United States always
2.1. comes first to sign accords.
2.2. refuses to sign accords.
2.3. uses his protectionist stance as an excuse.
Answer: “The United States has been one of the most eager negotiators of bilateral deals in
recent years.”
3.
The effects of the bilateral trade agreements signed with Chile and Singapore
were
3.1. quite beneficial for them since their exports to the USA increased.
3.2. quite ineffective as long as no jobs were created.
3.3. not beneficial for the USA since it brought about a decline in American exports.
Answer: “Chilean exports to the United States almost tripled. (…) Singapore’s exports are
only now starting to increase.”
4.
Another positive aspect of bilateral agreement is that
4.1. thanks to all the protective measures provided by the agreements,
countries like Chile are now safer places.
4.2. chile con carne is way cheaper thanks to all the investments that flow into those
countries.
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4.3. even if there is still much hassle, it is now an earthly paradise for the tourist to
rest in.
Answer: “you will see that there are protections for investments, there is solving of
controversies, even solving restrictions on capital flows.” (…) “Now, Chile has the lowest
country risk rating in Latin America.”
5.
Singapore’s trade deal with the USA allowed it to
5.1. exchange knowledge on new technologies.
5.2. increase its rate of exports of goods and of services.
5.3. subcontract businesses in the USA.
Answer: “In Singapore, the bilateral accord led to greater exports of services as well as
goods.”
6.
Still, bilateral trade are sometimes considered as
6.1. useless agreements that do not benefit anyone.
6.2. unfortunate agreements that only benefit the rich at the expense of the poor.
6.3. political means carried out to show gratefulness if one does what his
economically wants.
Answer: “Still, there are some critics who consider bilateral agreements to be political tools
meant to reward the allies of powerful countries.”
7.
The aim of the web site called bilaterals.org aims at
7.1. allowing its members to complain about the major trading countries.
7.2. giving more information on bilateral agreements.
7.3. helping countries in the setting up of bilateral new schemes.
Answer: Its aim is “to air its members’ complaints about the major trading nations.”
B.
Answer the questions
1.
What are the two poles that the journalist is going to elaborate upon in the
text?
Answer: He is going to concentrate on bilateral trade agreements in order to think over their
usefulness. That is to say, are they signed to globalize markets or are they just a way for rich
countries to make more profit.
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2.
What are the results of the United States free trade deal with Jordan?
Answer: Jordanian exports to the USA have been multiplied by five, and Americans‘ to
Jordan have doubled creating thus a goods trade deficit for the USA.
3.
What effects do the bilateral trade agreements signed with the USA have on
Chile and Singapore?
Answer: The trade agreements obviously have a very good impact on both countries’
economy. Indeed, Chilean and Singapore’s exports to the USA are increasing and the trade
agreements have created quite an important number of jobs allowing thus natives to improve
their way of life.
4.
What other benefit does Felipe Larrain, a professor of economics at the
Catholic University of Chile, see in the Chile-US bilateral agreement?
Answer: He considers that the agreement secured Chile as a safe place for investment and
indeed, he claims that now Chile is one of the safest place in Latin America.
5.
What main link has the Singapore-US trade deal established?
Answer: The Singapore-US trade deal has encouraged tighter links between American high
Tech industries and Singapore’s thanks to a tight intellectual property rights that is now the
rule in Asia.
6.
What was one of the condition of the Jordan-USA bilateral trade deal
according to Maher Matalka?
Answer: He says that the trade deal took momentum when Jordan decided to sign a peace
treaty with Israel.
7.
What does Aziz Choudry imply about trade deal when he says that “many
countries are forced into negotiations fatigue … number of fronts.”?
Answer: He implies that powerful economies lead the market and do not leave much space
for developing countries to manoeuvre.
C.
Translate
Une coalition d’organisations non gouvernementales a élaboré un site web, appelé
bilaterals.org, afin de mettre en ligne les récriminations de ses membres sur la façon dont
les plus importantes puissances économiques exhortent leurs officiels à pousser à de
nouveaux accords. « Les pays en voie de développement ne prennent pas part à ces
négociations, avec ne serait-ce qu’une fraction de ce pouvoir, de leur programme ou de
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leurs rouages » écrit Aziz Choudry, représentant de la coalition, dans un message
électronique répondant aux questions posées. « En fait, alors que des gouvernements
comme celui des États-Unis ou celui de l’UE ont un grand nombre de ressources dans la
perspective de négociations de libre-échange, beaucoup de pays sont embarqués dans des
négociations épuisantes, où un petit nombre d’officiels investis de peu de ressources doivent
négocier sur plusieurs fronts une gamme d’échanges simultanés ainsi que des pourparlers
en vue d’investissements » écrit Choudry.
D.
Discuss upon the following statement
“Choudry also disputed the economic usefulness of the bilateral accords”
INTRODUCTION
1.
General scope sentence.
2.
Economic usefulness of bilateral accords, clarify this sentence and may be
extract 2 poles:


3.
usefulness of bilateral accords.
unusefulness of bilateral accords.
Plan: bilateral accords pros and cons.
ARGUMENTATION


PROS
CONS
CONCLUSION


one small sentence to give the conclusions that you have drawn.
go one step further and try to broaden the aspect of Choudry’s point
of view.
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