Abréviations techniques

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Abréviations techniques
Abbreviations
3GP
3rd Generation Partnership project
A
Ampère
A2DP
Advanced Audio Distribution Profile
AA
Auto-Answer
AAC
Advanced Audio Coding
AACS
Advanced Access Content System
AC
Alternating Current
AC
Auxiliary Carry
AC3
Audio Coding 3
AC/DC
Alternating Current / Direct Current
ACE
Asynchronous Comunications Element
ACK
ACKnowledge
ACL
Access Control List
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
ACSEL
Association pour le Commerce et les Services En Ligne
AD
Auto-Dial
A/D
Analog to Digital
ADA
Advanced Driver Assistant
ADA
Association de Défense des Audionautes
ADC
Analog to Digital Converter
ADF
Automatic Document Feeder
ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
ADSR
Attack, Decay, Sustain, Release
AEB
Auto Exposure Bracketing
AES
Advanced Encryption Standard
AFA
Association Française des fournisseurs d'Accès et de services InterNet
AFAS
Association Française des Auteurs de Sharewares
AFC
AntiFerromagnetically-Coupled
AFNIC
Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération
AFORS
Association Française de Réseaux et de Services télécom
AFP
Apple File Protocol
AFR
Alternate Frame Rendering
AFUL
Association Francophone des Utilisateurs de Linux et des logiciels libres
AGL
Atelier de Génie Logiciel
AGM
Alternative Graphics Mode
AGP
Accelerated Graphic Port
AGP
Advanced Graphic Port
A-GPS
Assisted Global Positioning System
AHCI
Advanced Host Controller Interface
AIDE
Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment
AIFF
Audio Interchange File Format
AIM
America On Line Instant Messenger
AIPS
Astronomical Image Processing System
AIR
Automatic Image Refinement
AJAX
Asynchronous JavaScript And XML
ALDIL
Association Lyonnaise de Développement de l'Informatique Libre
ALGOL
ALGOrithmic Language
ALM
Absolute Load Module
ALPA
Association de Lutte contre le Piratage Audiovisuel
ALSA
Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
ALU
Arithmetic and Logic Unit
AMOLED
Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode
amp
ampere
Page 1
Abbreviations
AMR
Adaptative Multi-Rate codec
AMR
Audio Modem Riser
AMS
Advanced Memory Specification
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
ANTIOPE
Acquisition Numérique et Télévisualisation d'Images Organisées en Pages d'Ecriture
AOL
America On Line
APC
Alternative PHP Cache
API
Application Programming Interface
APIC
Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
APOM
Association des Producteurs d'Oeuvres Multimédias
APM
Advanced Power Management
APN
Appareil Photo Numérique
APP
Agence pour la Protection des Programmes
APPC
Advanced Program to Program Communication
APRIL
Association pour la Promotion et la Recherche en Informatique Libre
APS
Advanced Photo System
APT
Advanced Packaging Tool
APU
Accelerated Processing Unit
APU
Audio Processing Unit
ARCEP
Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes
ARM
Advanced Risk Machine
ARMT
Autorité de Régulation des Mesures Techniques
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
ARPANET
Advanced Research Projects Administration Network
ARQ
Automatic Re-send reQuest
ART
Autorité de Régulation des Télécommunications
AS
Anticipatory Schedular
ASA
American Standards Association
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASF
Advanced Streaming Format
ASF
Advanced Systems Format
ASO
Area of Safety Operation
ASP
Advanced Signal Processing
ASPI
Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
AT
Advanced Technology
ATA
Advanced Technology Attachment
ATI
Assistant Technique Informatique
ATICA
Agence pour les Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication dans l'Administration
ATM
Adobe Type Manager
ATM/IP
Asynchronous Transfer Mode / Internet Protocol
ATX
Advanced Technology eXtended
AuC
Authentification Center
AVC
Advanced Video Coding
AVCHD
Advanced Video Codec High Definition
AVI
Audio Video Interleaved for MS-Windows
AVSR
Audio Video Speech Recognition
AXI
AuXiliary Input
AXIOM
Advanced eXpress Input/Output Module
AXO
AuXiliary Output
B2B
Business to Business
B2C
Business to Consumer
BA
Bus Available
BAL
Boîte Aux Lettres
Page 2
Abbreviations
BAS
Broadband Access Server
BASH
Bourne Again Shell
BASIC
Beginner's All purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BCD
Binary Coded Decimal
BCD
Boot Configuration Data (données de configuration d'amorçage)
BD
Base de Données
BDMV
Blu-Ray Disc MoVie
BEL
Bell
BF
Basse Fréquence
BGA
Business Graphics Array
BHO
Browser Hijack Object
BIF
Blinker Incremental File
BIM
Bit Image Mode
BIOS
Basic Input Output Software
BIOS
Basic Input Output System
BIT
Binary digIT
BITS
Background Intelligent Transfer Service
BLE
Boucle Locale Electrique
BLR
Boucle Locale Radio
BOB
Break-Out Box
BOF
Bottom Of Form
BP
Base Pointer
BPB
BIOS Parameter Block
BPI
Bits Per Inch
BPI
British Phonographic Industry
BPS
Bits Per Second
BR
Baud Rate
BRD
Blu-Ray Disc
BS
Back Space
BSA
Business Software Alliance
BSI
BlackSide Illuminated
BSC
Base Station Controller
BSoD
Blue Screen of Death
BSP
Backup Storage Providers
BT
Basse Tension
BT
British Telecom
BTS
Base Transceiver Station
BTX
Balanced Technology eXtended
BW
Black and White
ca
courant alternatif
CAD
Computer-Aided Design
CAF
Contrôle Automatique de Fréquence
CAM
Conditional Access Module
CAN
CANcel
CAN
Convertisseur Analogique/Numérique
CAO
Conception Assistée par Ordinateur
CAPS
CAPital letterS
CAPTCHA
Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart
CAV
Constant Angular Velocity
CBR
Constant Bit Rate
cc
courant continu
Cc
Carbon Copy
Cci
Carbon Copy Invisible
Page 3
Abbreviations
CCD
Charged Couple Device
CCIR
Comité Consultatif International des Radiocommunications
CCITT
Comité Consultatif International Télégraphique et Téléphonique
CCMB
Centre de Commutation des Messages Bancaires
CCR
Condition Code Register
CCRI
Comité Consultatif de la Recherche en Informatique
ccTLD
country code Top Level Domains
cd
candela
CD
Communication Driver
CD
Compact Disc
CDDB
Compact Disc Data Base
cd/m2
candelas par mètre carré
CD-MRW
Compact Disc Mount Rainier reWrite
CD-R
Compact Disc Recordable
CD-ROM
Compact Disc Read Only Memory
CD-RW
Compact Disc Read Write
CDS
Counterfeit Detterence Systems
CDT
Center for Democracy and Technology
CD-V
Compact Disc Video
CE
Chip Enable
CE
Condition d'Entrée
CERN
Centre Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire
CERSA
Centre d'Étude et de Recherche de Science Administrative
CERT
Computer Emergency Response Team
CERTA
Centre d'Expertise gouvernemental de Réponse et de Traitement des Attaques informatiques
CES
Consumer Electronic Show
CF
Carry Flag
CF
Compact Flash
CFAO
Création et Fabrication Assistées par Ordinateur
CFS
Completely Fair Scheduler
CFQ
Complete Fair Queuing
CGA
Colour Graphic Adapter
CGI
Common Gateway Interface
CGM
Computer Graphic Metafile
CGS
Continuous Grain Silicon
CGU
Conditions Générales d'Utilisation
CI
Common Interface
CIE
Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage
CIF
Common source Intermediate Format
CIFS
Common Internet File System
CII
Compagnie Internationale pour l'Informatique
CIS
Commentator Information System
CIS
Contact Image Sensor
CISC
Complex Instruction Set Computer
CISI
Compagnie Internationale de Services en Informatique
CISS
Canadian Internetworked Scientific Supercomputer
CLI
Command Line Interpreter
CLUF
Contrat de Licence Utilisateur Final
CLUSIF
CLUb de la sécurité des Systèmes d'Information Français
CLUT
Color Look-Up Table
CLV
Constant Linear Velocity
CMAO
Création Musicale Assistée par Ordinateur
CMF
Content Managing Framework
Page 4
Abbreviations
CMF
Counter Match Flag
CMI
Counter Match Interrupt
CMJN
Cyan, Magenta, Jaune, Noir
C-MOS
Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CMS
Code Management System
CMSS
Creative Multi Speaker Surround
CMY
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow
CMYK
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, blacK
CNA
Convertisseur Numérique/Analogique
CNET
Centre National d'Etudes des Télécommunications
CNIL
Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libertés
COBOL
COmmon Business Orientated Language
CODASYL
Conference On DAta SYstems Languages
CODEC
COdeur/DECodeur
COFF
Common Object File Format
COMMS
COMMunicationS
CON
CONsole
CONIBI
CONsortium Industriel Bureautique et Informatique
CORBA
Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CPE
Customer Premises Equipment
CPI
Characters Per Inch
CPL
Caractères Par Ligne
CPL
Courants Porteurs en Ligne
CP/M
Control Program for Microprocessor
CPP
Customer Preview Program
CPS
Caractères Par Seconde
CPS
Cycles Per Second
CPU
Central Processing Unit
CR
Carriage Return
CRAN
Comprehensive R Archive Network
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check (Code de Redondance Cyclique)
CRT
Cathode Ray Tube
CS
Code Segment
CS
Condition de Sortie
CSCE
Centre de Surveillance du Commerce Electronique
CSD
Circuit Switched Data
C-SET
Card-Secure Electronic Transaction
CSI
Conseil Supérieur de l'Internet
CSMA/CA
Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance
CSMA/CD
Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection
CSPC
Commercial Software Publisher Certificate
CSR
Control/Status Register
CSS
Cascading Style Sheet
CSS
Central Structure Store
CSS
Content Scrambling System
CTP
Community Technology Preview
CTRL
ConTRoL
CTS
Clear To Send
CU
Control Unit
CUA
Common User Access
CUB
CUrsor Backward
CUD
CUrsor Down
CUDA
Computer Unified Device Architecture
Page 5
Abbreviations
CUF
CUrsor Forward
CULV
Consumer Ultra Low Voltage
CUP
CUrsor Position
CUPS
Common Unix Printing System
CUU
CUrsor Up
CV
Control Voltage
D/A
Digital to Analog
DAC
Digital to Analog Converter
DAO
Dessin Assisté par Ordinateur
DAO
Disc At Once
DaRC
Data Radio Channel
DAS
Débit d'Absorption Spécifique
DAS
Direct Attached Storage
DAT
Digital Audio Tape
DBA
Data Base Administrator
DBF
Data Base File
DC
Device Control
DC
Device Coordinate
DC
Direct Current
DCB
Décimal Codé Binaire
DCD
Data Carrier Detect
DCE
Data Communication Equipment
DCL
Digital Command Language
DCSS
DVD Content Scrambling System
DD
Dictionnaire de Données
DD
Double Densité
DD
Double Density
DDCD
Double Density CD-Rom
DDE
Dynamic Data Exchange
DDK
Driver Developer's Kit
DDL
Data Definition Language
DDL
Degré De Liberté
DDOS
Distributed Denial Of Service
DDR
Data Direction Register
DDR2
Double Data Rate 2
DDR-SDRAM
Double Data Rate Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
DECT
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunication
DEEE
Déchats d'Équipements Électriques et Électroniques
DEL
DELete
DEP
Data Execution Prevention
DES
Data Encryption Standard
DF
Direction Flag
DF
Double Face
DFC
Digital File Check
DFSG
Debian Free Software Guidelines
DGT
Direction Générale des Télécommunications
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DHT
Distributed Hash Table
DHTML
Dynamic Hyper Text Markup Language
DI
Destination Index
DIF
Data Interchange Format
DIG
Device Interface Group
DIGIC
DIGital Imaging Core
Page 6
Abbreviations
DIMM
Dual Inline MeMory
DIN
Deutsche Industrie-Norm
DIR
DIRectory
DL
Dual Layer
DLC
DownLoadable Content
DLE
Data Link Escape
DLL
Down Line Loading
DLL
Dynamic Link Library
DLNA
Digital Living Network Alliance
DLP
Digital Light Processing
DMA
Direct Memory Access
DMD
Digital (Micro)Mirror Device
DMFC
Direct Methanol Fuel Cell
DNG
Digital Negative Specification
DNS
Domain Name Server
DNS
Domain Name System
DNS
Dynamic Name System
DNSSec
Domain Name System Security extensions
DOCSIS
Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification
DOD
Drop On Demand
DOMAO
Domotique Assistée par Ordinateur
DON
Disque Optique Numérique
DOS
Denial Of Service
DOS
Disk Operating System
DP
Détection Porteuse
DPB
Disk Parameter Block
DPI
Dots Per Inch
DPMI
DOS Protected Mode Interface
DPMS
DOS Protected Mode Service
DPOF
Digital Print Order Format
DPSM
Differential Phase Shift Modulation
DPT
Disk Parameter Table
DPT
Distributed Processing Technologies
DRAM
Dynamic Random Access Memory
DRAM-EDO
Dynamic Random Access Memory - Extended Data Out
DRAM-FPM
Dynamic Random Access Memory - Fast Page Mode
DR-DOS
Digital Research Disk Operating System
DRI
Direct Rendering Interface
DRM
Digital Rights Management
DRW
DRaWing
DS
Data Segment
DS
Double Screen
DSA
Digital Signature Algorithm
DSI
Directeur du (des) Système(s) d'Information
DSI
Directeur (direction) des Systèmes Informatiques
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line
DSLAM
Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
DSP
Digital Signal Processor
DSR
Data Set Ready
DSR
Device Status Report
DTA
Disk Transfer Address
DTA
Disk Transfer Area
DTAC
Dynamically Typed Access Control
Page 7
Abbreviations
DTC
Dispositif à Transfert de Charge
DTD
Document Type Definition
DTE
Data Terminal Equipment
DTF
Digital Tape Format
DTMF
Dual Tone Multi Frequency
DTN
Disruption Tolerant Networking
DTP
DeskTop Publishing
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
DTS
Digital Theater Sound
DTS
Digital Theater System
DV
Digital Video
DVB-H
Digital Video Broadcast Handheld
DVB-T
Digital Video Broadcast - Terrestrial
DVD
DeVice Driver
DVD
Digital Versatile Disc
DVD
Digital Video Disc
DVD-R
Digital Versatile Disc Recordable
DVD-RAM
Digital Versatile Disc Random Access Memory
DVD+R DL
Digital Versatile Disc Recordable Dual Layer
DVD-ROM
Digital Versatile Disc Read Only Memory
DVD-RW
Digital Versatile Disc ReWritable
DVI
Digital Video Interactive
DVI
Digital Video Interface
DVI
Digital Visual Interface
DXVA
DirectX Video Acceleration
EAO
Enseignement Assisté par Ordinateur
EAX
Environmental Audio eXtensions
EBCDIC
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
ECC
Error Correction Code
ECP
Enhanced Capabilities Port
ED
Erase Display
EDGE
Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution
EDO
Extended Data Out
EDP
Electronic Data Processing
EE
Extreme Edition
EEMS
Enhanced Expanded Memory Specifications
EEPROM
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EFF
Electronic Frontier Foundation
EFI
Extensible Firmware Interface
EFS
Encrypting File System
EGA
Enhanced Graphic Adapter
EGEE
Enabling Grids for E-science
EGNOS
European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service
EICC
Electronics Industry Code of Conduct
EICI
Enable Input Capture Interupt
E-IDE
Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics
EIR
Equipment Identity Register
EISA
Extended Industry Standard Architecture
EISA-EMB
Extended Industry Standard Architecture Enhanced Master Burst
EL
Erase Line
EM
End of Medium
EM64T
Extended Memory 64 Technology
EMB
Extended Memory Block
Page 8
Abbreviations
EMD
External Memory Devices
EMM
Expanded Memory Manager
EMP
ElectroMagnetic Pulse
EMS
Enhanced Messaging Services
EMS
Expanded Memory Specifications
ENJMIN
École Nationale du Jeu et des Médias Interactifs Numériques
ENON
Exciting Nova On Network
ENQ
ENQuiry
ENT
Espace Numérique de Travail
EOCI
Enable Output Compare Interrupt
EOF
End of File
EOG
Eye Of GNU Network Object Model Environment
EOI
End Of Interrupt
EOT
End Of Transmission
EOX
End Of eXclusive
EPG
Electronic Program Guide
EPN
Espaces Publics Numériques
EPP
Enhanced Parallel Port
EPROM
Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EPSF
Encapsulated PostScript File
EQ
EQualizer
ERNIE
Electronic Random Number Indicator Equipment
ES
Extended Surround
ES
Extra Segment
E/S
Entrée/Sortie
ESAT
École Supérieure et d'Application des Transmissions
eSATA
External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
ESC
ESCape
ESDI
Enhanced Small Device Interface
ESDRAM
Enhanced Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
ESIEA
École Supérieure d'Informatique Électronique Automatique
ESO-MIDAS
European Southern Observatory Munich Image and Data Analysis System
ESP
Easy Software Products
ESP
Extra Sensory Protection
ESSID
Extended Service Set Identifier
ETB
End of Transmission Block
ETOI
Enable Timer Overflow Interrupt
ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
ETX
End of TeXt
EUCD
European Union Copyright Directive
EULA
End User License Agreement
EURID
EUropean Registry of Internet Domain names
EVD
Enhanced Versatile Disc
EVF
Electronic View Finder
EVP
Enhanced Virus Protection
EXIF
EXchangeable Image File format
EXFAT
EXtended File Allocation Table
f
frequency
FAI
Fournisseur d'Accès à Internet
FAO
Fabrication Assistée par Ordinateur
FAQ
Foire Aux Questions
FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions
FARE
Film Automatic Retouching and Enhancement
Page 9
Abbreviations
FAT
File Allocation Table
FC
File Compare
FC-AL
Fiber Channel-Arbitred Loop
FCB
File Control Block
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
FC-PGA
Flip Chip Pin Grid Array
FDI
Forum des Droits sur l'Internet
FDMA
Frequency Division Multiple Access
FED
Field Emission Display
FEVAD
Fédération des Entreprises de Vente À Distance
FF
Form Feed
FFT
Fédération Française des Télécoms
FG
Frame Ground
FI
Fréquence Intermédiaire
FIFO
First In, First Out
FIG
Facility for Interactive Generation of figures
FING
Fondation Internet Nouvelle Génération
FITS
Flexible Image Transport System
FLA
Fiduciary License Agreement
FLAC
Free Lossless Audio Codec
FLOPS
FLoating point Operations Per Second
FM
Frequency Modulation
FORTRAN
FORmula TRANslation
FPCT
Flexible Image Transport System Product Conformance Tester
FPS
First Person Shooter
FPS
Frames Per Second
FPU
Floating Point Unit
FRAM
Ferro-electric Random Access Memory
FRC
Free-Running Counter
FS
File Separator
FS
File System (système de fichiers)
FSAA
Full Screen Anti-Aliasing
FSB
Front Serial Bus
FSF
Free Software Foundation
FSK
Frequency Shift Keying
FTE
Failure To Enroll
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
FTTB
Fiber To The Building
FTTH
Fiber To The Home
FTTLA
Fiber To The Last Amplifier
FVD
Forward Versatile Disc
FX
Effects
GAIN
Gator Advertising and Information Network
GAP
Générateur Automatique de Programme
Gb
GigaByte
Gbps
GigaBits Par Seconde
GDDR4
Graphics Double Data Rate, version 4
GDI
Graphics Device Interface
GDM
GNU Network Object Model Environment Display Manager
GDT
Global Descriptors Table
GDTR
Global Descriptors Table Register
GED
Gestion Electronique des Documents
GEDC
Georgia Electronic Design Center
Page 10
Abbreviations
GEDCOM
GEnealogical Data COMmunication
GHz
GigaHertz
GiB
gibioctet
GIF
Graphics Interchange Format
GIMP
GNU Image Manipulation Program
GIN
Global Investigators Network
GIX
Global Internet eXchange
GKS
Graphical Kernel System
GLI
Gentoo Linux Installer
GM
Graphics Manager
GMC
Global Motion Compensation
GMR
Giant Magneto-Resistance
GNAC
GNome Audio Converter
GND
GrouND
GNOME
GNU Network Object Model Environment
Go
Gigaoctet
GO
Grandes Ondes
GPG
GNU Privacy Guard
GPGPU
General Purpose Computing Graphics Processing Units
GPL
General Public License
GPRS
General Packet Radio Services
GPS
Global Positioning System
GPU
Graphic Processing Unit
GPU
Graphic Processor Unit
GPU
Graphics Processing Unit
GRP
Gentoo Reference Platform
GRUB
Grand Unified Bootloader
GS
Group Separator
GSM
Global System for Mobile communications
gTLD
generic Top Level Domains
GUI
Graphical User Interface
GULL
Groupe d'Utilisateurs de Logiciels Libres
GVS
Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation
GWV
General Word Variable
GWBV
General Word/Byte Variable
HADOPI
Haute Autorité pour la Diffusion des Œuvres et la Protection des droits sur Internet
HAL
Hardware Abstraction Layer
HAM
Hold And Modify
HAMR
Heat Assisted Magnetic Recording
HBBTV
Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TeleVision
HC
High Capacity
HCF
Highest Common Factor
HCG
Hercules Graphic Card
HCI
Host Controller Interface
HCSS
High-Capacity Storage System
HD
Haute Définition
HD
Haute Densité
HD
High Definition
HD
High Density
HDA
High Definition Audio
HDCP
High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection
HDD
Hybrid Hard Drive Disk
HDF
Hierarchical Data Format
Page 11
Abbreviations
HDLC
High level Data Link Control
HDMI
High-Definition Multimedia Interface
HDR
High Dynamic Range
HDRI
High Dynamic Range Imaging
HDU
Header Data Unit
HDV
High Definition Video
HEASARC
NASA/Goddard High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center
HF
Haute Fréquence
HF
High Frequency
HFS
Hierarchical File System
HLR
Home Location Register
HLSL
High Level Shader Language
HLTE
HaLT Enable
HMA
High Memory Area
HMC
Hyper Memory Cube
HOPE
Hackers On Planet Earth
HP
Hewlett-Packard
HPGL
Hewlett-Packard Graphic Language
HPFS
High Partition Format System
HR
High Rate
HSDPA
High-Speed Downlink Packet Access
HSL
Hue Saturation Lightness
HSPA
High Speed Packet Access
HSUPA
High Speed Uplink Packet Access
HT
Haute Tension
HT
High Tension
HT
Horizontal Tabulation
HT
Hyper Threading
HTML
HyperText Markup Language
HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol
HTTPS
HyperText Transfer Protocol over Secure socket layer
HUD
Head Up Display
HV
Haute Vitesse
HV
High Voltage
HVD
High Voltage Differential
HVD
Holographic Versatile Disc
HVP
Horizontal and Vertical Position
Hz
Hertz
IA
Intelligence Artificielle
IANA
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
IAU
International Astronomical Union
IAUFWG
International Astronomical Union Flexible Image Transport System Working Group
IBM
International Business Machines corporation
IC
Integrated Circuit
ICANN
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
ICC
International Color Consortium
ICF
Input Capture Flag
ICI
Input Capture Interrupt
ICR
Input Capture Register
ICRA
Internet Content Rating Association
ICU
ISA Configuration Utility
IDE
Integrated Device Electronics
IDE
Integrated Drive Electronics
Page 12
Abbreviations
IDE
Intelligent Drive Electronics
IDF
Intel Developer Forum
IDRIS
Institut du Développement et des Ressources en Informatique Scientifique
IDS
Intrusion Detection System
IDT
Interrupt Descriptors Table
IE
Internet Explorer
IEC
International Electrotechnical Commission
IEDG
Input EDGe
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IEM
Impulsion ElectroMagnétique
IF
Interrupt Flag
IFF
Interchange File Format
IFPI
International Federation of Phonographic Industry
IFS
Iterated Function System
IGES
Initial Graphics Exchange Specification
IGP
Integrated Graphic Port
IGP
Integrated Graphics Processor
IH-BD
Intra-Hybrid Blu-ray Disc
ILS
Instrument Landing System
IMA
International MIDI Association
IMAP
Interactive Mail Access Protocol
IMAP
Interactive Message Access Protocol
IMAP
Internet Message Access Protocol
IMB
Interrupt Mask Bit
IMDb
Internet Movie Database
IME
Input Method Editor
IMEI
International Mobile Equipment Identity
Imod
Interferometric Modulator
IMPP
Instant Messaging and Presence Protocol
IMT
Internet Media Tablet
IMUG
International MIDI Users Group
INES
Identité Nationale Électronique Sécurisée
INRIA
Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique
Internet
Interconnected Networks
I/O
Input/Output
IP
Instruction Pointer
IP
Internet Protocol
IPI
Intel Product Integrator
IPP
Internet Printing Protocol
IPS
In-Plane Switching
IPSO
Independent PSion Organiser users group
IPSS
International Packet Switch Stream
IPTC
International Press and Telecommunications Council
IPv4
Internet Protocol Version 4
IPv6
Internet Protocol Version 6
IPX
Internet Packet eXchange
IR
Index Register
IR
Infra Red
IRAF
Image Reduction and Analysis Facility
IRC
Internet Relay Chat
IrDA
InfraRed Data Association
IrDA
InfraRed Device Association
IRIA
Institut de Recherche d'Informatique et d'Automatique
Page 13
Abbreviations
IRQ
Interrupt ReQuest
ISA
Industry Standard Architecture
ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISCSI
Internet Small Computer System Interface
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
ISM
Industrial Scientific and Medical
ISO
International Standards Organization
ISP
Internet Services Provider
ISR
Interrupt Service Routine
ISSCC
International Solid-State Circuits Conference
ITU
International Telecommunications Union
IVDR
Information Versatile Disk for Removable usage
J2ME
Java 2 Micro Edition
J2ME
Java 2 Mobile Edition
JBOD
Just a Bunch Of Disks
JEDI
Joint Expeditionary Digital Information
JEOS
Just Enough Operating System
JFIF
Joint Photographic Experts Group File Interchange Format
JMSC
Japanese MIDI Standard Committee
JPEG
Joint Photographic Experts Group
JRE
Java Runtime Environment
Kb
KiloByte
KBD
KeyBoarD
Kbit
Kilobit
kc
kilocycle
KDE
K Desktop Environment
kHz
kilohertz
KiB
kibioctet
KML
Keyhole Markup Language
Ko
Kilo-octet
KVM
Keyboard, Video and Mouse
L2CAP
Logical Link Control and Adaptation Protocol
L4G
Langage de la quatrième Génération
LAMP
Linux Apache MySQL PHP
LAN
Local Area Network
LAP
Link Access Protocol
LAS
Linear Arithmetic Synthesis
LASA
Laboratoire d'Algorithmes et de Systèmes d'Apprentissage (Université de Lausanne)
LASER
Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LBA
Logical Block Addressing
LCD
Langage de Contrôle de Données
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LCD
Lowest Common Denominator
LCEN
Loi pour la Confiance dans l'Economie Numérique
LCM
Lowest Common Multiple
LCOS
Liquid Crystal On Silicon
LDD
Langage de Description de Données
LDR
Low Dynamic Range
LDT
Local Descriptors Table
LDTR
Local Descriptors Table Register
LECAM
LEcteur de CArte à Mémoire
LED
Light Emitting Diode
LEN
Loi sur l'Economie Numérique
Page 14
Abbreviations
LF
Line Feed
LF
Low Frequency
LFE
Low Frequency Effect
LFO
Low Frequency Oscillator (oscillateur à basse fréquence)
LFS
Linux File Systems (systèmes de fichiers Linux)
Li
Lithium
LID
Langage d'Interrogation de Données
LIFO
Last In, First Out
LILO
Linox Loader
LIM
Lotus-Intel-Microsoft
Li-Ion
Lithium Ion
LIP
Large Internet Protocol
LIR
Load Instruction Register
LL
Leased Line
LLS
Large Logical Sectors
LMD
Langage de Manipulation de Données
LME
Loi de Modernisation de l'Économie
LPI
Lines Per Inch
LRU
Least Recently Used
LSB
Least Significant Bit(s)
LSI
Large Scale Integration
LSM
Linux Security Module
LT
Low Tension
LTE
Long Term Evolution
LTO
Linear Tape Open
LUG
Linux Users' Group
LUN
Logical Unit Name
LUT
Look-Up Table
LV
Low Voltage
LVD/SE
Low Voltage Differential/Single Ended
LVM
Logical Volume Manager
LW
Long Waves
LZW
Lempel-Ziv-Welch
L4G
Langage(s) de la quatrième Génération
MA
Modulation d'Amplitude
MAC
Mandatory Access Control
MAC
Medium Access Control
mAh
milliAmpère-heure
MALACH
Multilingual Access to Large spoken ArCHives
MAN
Metropolitan Area Networks
MAO
Maintenance Assistée par Ordinateur
MAO
Musique Assistée par Ordinateur
MASER
Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiations
MASM
Macro-ASseMbler
MB
MegaByte
MBit
Megabit
Mbps
Mégabits par seconde
MBR
Master Boot record
MBSA
Microsoft Baseline Security Advisor
MCA
Micro Channel Architecture
MCB
Memory Control Block
MCD
Modèle Conceptuel de Données
MCGA
MultiColour Graphics Array
Page 15
Abbreviations
MCP-T
Media and Communications Processor Turbo
MCU
MicroComputer Unit
MDA
Monochrome Display Adapter
MDI
Multiple Document Interface
MEDIUBUNTU Multimedia, Entertainment & Distractions in Ubuntu
MEM
MEmoire Morte
MEV
MEmoire Vive
MF
Medium Frequency
MF
Modulation de Fréquence
MF
Moyenne Fréquence
MFC
Microsoft Foundation Classes
MFLOPS
Millions of FLoating point Operations Per Second
MFM
Modified Frequency Modulation
MFT
Master File Table
MGE
Microstar Graphics Editor
MHS
Message Handling System
MHz
MegaHertz
MI
Metafile Input
MIAGE
Maîtrise d'Informatique Appliquée à la Gestion des Entreprises
MiB
mebioctet
MIB
Management Information Base
MID
Mobile Internet Device
MIDI
Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIFF
Magick Image File Format
MIME
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
MiMo
Multiple Input - Multiple Output
MIPS
Millions d'Instructions Par Seconde
MIPS
Millions of Instructions Per Second
MIT
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
M-Jpeg
Motion Join Picture Expert Group
MKS
Mortice Kern Systems
ML
Multi-Level
MLC
Multi-Level Cell
MMA
MIDI Manufacturers Association
MMC
Microsoft Management Console
MMC
MultiMedia Card
MMORPG
Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game
MMS
Module Management System
MMS
Multimedia Messaging Services
MMS
Multimedia Messaging System
MMU
Memory Management Unit
MNP
Microcom Network Protocol
Mo
Méga-octet
MO
Metafile Output
MODEM
MOdulateur DEModulateur
MODS
Multiplexed Optical Data Storage
MOLENE
Multiplexeur Optique pour Liaisons Economiques, Numériques et en Etoile
MOS
Metal Oxide Semiconductor
MP
Modem Prêt
MP
Multi Processor
MPAA
Motion Picture Association of America
MPC
Multimedia Personal Computer
MPD
Music Player Daemon
Page 16
Abbreviations
MP-DRAM
MultiPort Dynamic Random Access Memory
MPEG
Motion Picture Experts Group
MPEG
Moving Pictures coding Experts Group
MPEG
Moving Pictures Experts Group
MPO
Multiple Picture Object
MPU
Multimedia Processing Unit
MR
Memory Ready
MRAM
Magnetic Random Access Memory
MRE
Memory Read Enable
ms
milliseconde
MS
MaSter
MS
Memory Stick
MSB
Most Significant Bit(s)
MSC
Mobile services Switching Center
MSDL
Manchester Scene Description Language
MS-DOS
MicroSoft Disk Operating System
MSRT
Malicious Software Removal Tool
MST
MaSTer
MSW
Machine Status Word
MTA
Mail Transport Agent
MTBF
Mean Time Between Failures
MTC
MIDI Time Code
MTP
Media Transfer Protocol
MTP
Mesures Techniques de Protection
MVA
Multidomain Vertical Alignment
MVC
Modèle-Vue-Contrôleur
MVNO
Mobile Virtual Network Operator
MVR
Multi-Domain Vertical alignment
mW
milli-watt
MW
Medium Wave
MXM
Mobile PCI eXpress Module
N/A
Numérique/Analogique
NAB
Nom ABrégé
NAK
Negative AcKnowledge
NAPLPS
North American Presentation Layer Protocol Syntax
NAS
Network Attached Storage
NAS
Network Attachement Server
NAT
Network Address Translation
NCEG
Numerical C Extension Equivalences
NCP
Network Control Protocol
NDC
Normalized Device Coordinate
NDMP
Network Data Management Protocol
NDPS
Novell Distributed Print Service
NDS
Netware Directory Services
NED
Nano Emissive Display
NED
Nanotube Electroluminescent Display
NET
Normes Européennes de Télécommunications
NetBEUI
NetBIOS Extended User Interface
NetCDF
Network Common Data Form
NFC
Near Field Communication
NFS
Networks File System
NGSCB
Next Generation Secure Computing Base
NIC
Network Information Center
Page 17
Abbreviations
NiCd
Nickel Cadmium
NiMH
Nickel-Metal Hydrure
NLM
Netware Loadable Modules
NLQ
Near Letter Quality
NMI
Non-Maskable Interrupt
NMS
Netware Management Services
NNTP
News Network Transfer Protocol
NOAO
National Optical Astronomy Observatories
NOS
Network Operating System
NOST
NASA/Science Office of Standards and Technology
NRAO
National Radio Astronomy Observatory
NS
Notification Server
NSV
NullSoft Video
NT
New Technology
NTFS
New Technology File System
NTIC
Nouvelles Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication
NTSC
National Television System Committee
NTSI
National Institute of Standard and Technology
NUL
NULl
NVM
Non-Volatile Memory
NVMHCI
Non Volatile Memory Host Controller Interface
NX
No eXecute
O
Ohm
OASIS
Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
OBEX
OBject EXchange
OC
Ondes Courtes
OCA
Online Crash Analysis
OCF
Output Compare Flag
OCI
Output Compare Interrupt
OCLCTIC
Office Central de Lutte contre la Criminalité aux Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication
OCR
Optical Character Recognition
OCR
Output Compare Register
ODBC
Open Data Base Connectivity
ODF
Open Document Format
ODI
Open Desktop Initiative
ODMS
Open Digital Media Systems
ODU
OutDoor Unit
OE
Output Enable
OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer
OES
Open Enterprise Server
OF
Overflaw Flag
OFDM
Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing
OFSET
Organization for Free Software in Education and Teaching
OLE
Object Linking and Embedding
OLED
Organic Light Emitting Diode
OLED
Organic Light Emitting Display
OLPC
One Laptop Per Child
OLT
Optical Line Terminal
OOGL
Object Oriented Graphics Library
OOXML
Office Open eXtensible Markup Language
OPC
Optimum Power Control
OPL
Organiser Programming Language
ORB
Object Request Broker
Page 18
Abbreviations
ORFE
OverRun/Framing Error
OS
Operating System
OSD
On Screen Display
OSE
Open Source Edition
OSI
Open Systems Interconnect
OSR
Original equipment manufacturer Service Release
OSS
Open Sound System
OTG
On The Go
OTN
Oracle Technology Network
OTS
Open Text Summarizer
OUM
Ovonic Unified Memory
OWApp
Office Web Application
P2P
Peer-to-Peer
PABX
Private Automatic Branch eXchange
PAL
Phase Alternating Line
PAM
Pluggable Authentication Modules
PAN
Personal Area Network
PAO
Publication Assistée par Ordinateur
PAP
Picture And Picture
PARC
Palo Alto Research Center
PARIX
PARis Internet eXchange
PASM
Program, Aperture, Speed, Manual
P-ATA
Parallel-Advanced Technology Attachment
PAV
Point d'Accès VidéoTex
PAW
Physics Analysis Workstation
pbm+
Extended Portable Bitmap Toolkit
PBP
Picture By Picture
PC
Personal Computer
PC
Program Counter
PCA
Personal Internet Client Architecture
PCB
Printed Circuit Board(s)
PC-DOS
Personal Computer Disk Operating System
PCI
Payment Card Industry
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCI SIG
Peripheral Component Interconnect Special Interest Group
PCL
Printer Command Language
PCL
Printer Control Language
PCM
Pulse Coded Modulation
PCMCIA
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDA
Personal Digital Assistant
PDF
Portable Document Format
PDI
Picture Description Instruction
PF
Parity Flag
PFL
Pre-Fader Listen
PGA
Professional Graphics Adapter
PGCD
Plus Grand Commun Diviseur
PGP
Pretty Good Privacy
PHIGS
Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive Graphic System
PI
Priority Inheritance
PIC
Personal Internet Communicator
PIC
Publisher Identity Certificate
PID
Process Identifier
PIM
Personal Information Manager
Page 19
Abbreviations
PIM
Print Image Matching
PIN
Personal Identification Number
PIP
Picture In Picture
PIXEL
PIcture ELement
PL
Programming Language
PLC
Powerline Line Carrier
PLF
Penguin Liberation Front
PLV
Production Level Video
PMMU
Paged Memory Management Unit
PMPO
Peak Music Power Output
PMR
Perpendicular Magnetic Recording
PND
Personal Navigation Device
PNG
Portable Network Graphic
PnP
Plug and Play
PO
Petites Ondes
POO
Programmation Orientée Objet
POP
Picture Out of Picture
POP
Point Of Presence
POP
Post Office Protocol
PP
Push-Pull
PPCD
Plus Petit Commun Dénominateur
PPCM
Plus Petit Commun Multiple
PPGA
Plastic Pin Grid Array
PPM
Pages Par Minute
PPM
Pages Per Minute
PPOP
Pixel Processing OPerations
PPP
Points Par Pouce
PPP
Point to Point Protocol
PPPoE
Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet
PPU
Physics Processing Unit
PRAM
Phase-Change Random Access Memory
PréAO
Présentation Assistée par Ordinateur
PRN
PRiNter
PROM
Programmable Read-Only Memory
PSA
Personal Satellite Assistant
PSF
Photo Studio File
PSM
Persistent Storage Manager
PSN
Physical Sector Number
PSP
Personal Software Products
PSP
Préfixe de Segment de Programme
PSP
Program Segment Prefix
PSS
Packet Switch Stream
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network
PUK
Personal Unblocking Code
PVA
Patterned Vertical Alignment
PWM
Pulse Width Modulation
PWR
PoWeR
QBE
Query By Example
QCIF
Quarter Common source Intermediate Format
QDOS
Quick and Dirty Operating System
QIC
Quarter-Inch Cartridge
QPL
Quarter PixeL
QVGA
Quarter Video Graphics Array
Page 20
Abbreviations
RA
Real Audio
RAB
Raid Advisory Board
RAID
Redundant Array of Independant Disks
RAID
Redundant Array of Independant Drives
RAID
Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
RAM
Random Access Memory
RAME
Random Access Memory Enable
RBAC
Role Based Access Control
RC
Release Candidate
RC
Retour Chariot
RCA
Radio Corporation of America
RCP
Restore Cursor Position
RCP
Rural Connectivity Platform
RD
ReaDing
RD
Receive Data
RD
Réception Données
RDF
Resource Description Framework
RDP
Remote Desktop Protocol
RDR
Receive Data Register
RDRAM
Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
RDRF
Receive Data Register Full
RDSR
Receive Data Shift Register
RE
Receive Enable
RE-ADSL
Reach Extended Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
REOF
Receive End Of File
REOL
Receive End Of Line
RFCOMM
Radio Frequency Communication
RFID
Radio Frequency IDentification
RGB
Red, Green, Blue
RIA
Rich Internet Applications
RIAA
Recording Industry Association of America
RIE
Receive Interrupt Enable
RISC
Reduced Instructions Set Computer
RLAN
Radio Local Area Network
RLE
Run Length Encoding
RLL
Run Length Limited
RLM
Relocatable Load Module
RM
Reset Mode
RMCR
Rate/Mode Control Register
RMS
Root Mean Square
RNIS
Réseau Numérique à Intégration de Services
ROM
Read-Only Memory
RPC
Regional Play-back Control
RS
Record Separator
RSS
Really Simple Syndication
RSSI
Responsable de la Sécurité des Systèmes d'Information
RTC
Real Time Clock
RTC
Réseau Téléphonique Commuté
RTCP
Réseau Téléphonique Commuté Public
RTE
Réseau de Transport Electrique
RTF
Rich Text Format
RTM
Release To Manufacturing
RTN
ReTurN
Page 21
Abbreviations
RTS
Real Time Strategy
RTS
Request To Send
RTV
Real Time Video
RVB
Rouge, Vert, Bleu
RWM
Read/Write Memory
s
seconde
SAA
Systems Application Architecture
SACD
Super Audio Compact Disc
SAK
Server Appliance Kit
SAN
Storage Area Network
SANE
Scanner Access Now Easy
SANS
System Administration and Network Security
SAO
Session At Once
SAPS
Spartacom Asynchronous Port Sharing
S-ATA
Serial-Advanced Technology Attachment
SB
SwitchBoard
SCART
Syndicat des Constructeurs d'Appareils Radioélectriques et de Télévision
SCC
Space Communications Corporation
SCEE
Sony Computer Entertainment Europe
SCI
Serial Communications Interface
SCoA
Smart Compression Architecture
SCP
Save Cursor Position
SCPP
Société Civile des Producteurs de Phonographes
SCSI
Small Computer System Interface
SD
Secure Digital
SD
Standard Definition
SDHC
Secure Digital High Capacity
SDI
Single Document Interface
SDK
Software Developer's Kit
SDK
Software Development Kit
SDLT
Super Digital Linear Tape
SDP
Service Discovery Protocol
SDRAM
Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SDRAM-DDR
Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory - Double Data Rate
SDXC
Secure Digital eXtended Capacity
SECAM
SEquentiel Couleur Avec Mémoire
SED
Surface-conduction Electron-emitter Display
SED
Système d'Exploitation de Disque(s)
SELL
Syndicat des Éditeurs de Logiciels de Loisirs
SEPP
Single Ended Push-Pull
SEQUEL
Structured English QUEry Language
SET
Secure Electronic Transaction
SF
Sign Flag
SFR
Split Frame Rendering
SFTP
Secure File Transfer Protocol
SG
Signal Ground
SGBD
Système de Gestion de Bases de Données
SGBDR
Système de Gestion de Bases de Données Relationnelles
SGF
Système de Gestion de Fichiers
SGML
Standard Generalized Markup Language
SGR
Set Graphic Rendition
SHA
Secure Hash Algorithm
SI
Shift In
Page 22
Abbreviations
SI
Source Index
SIGB
Système Intégré de Gestion de Bibliothèque
SIM
Subscriber Identity Module
SIMM
Single Inline Memory Module
SIP
Session Initiation Protocol
SIS
Silicon Integrated System
SL
SLave
SLA
Service Level Agreement
SLC
Single-Level Cell
SLE
Suse Linux Enterprise
SLI
Scalable Link Interface
SLI
Scan Line Interleaving
SLIP
Serial Line Internet Protocol
SLL
Société des Logiciels Libres
SLT
Single Lens Translucent
SLV
SLaVe
SM
Set Mode
SM
Smart Media
SMB
Server Message Block
SMDI
Small Computer System Interface Musical Data Interchange
SMIL
Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language
SMM
System Management Mode
SMPTE
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
SMS
Short Messaging Service
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNCD
Syndicat National de la Communication Directe
SNIA
Storage Networking Industry Association
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SO
Shift Out
SoC
System On a Chip
Sodimm
Small Outline Dual In-line Memory Module
SOH
Start Of Heading
SP
SPace
SP
Stack Pointer
SP2
Service Pack 2
SPA
Software Publishers Association
SPDIF
Sony Philips Digital InterFace
SPIM
SPam over Instant Messaging
SPX
Sequence Packet eXchange
SQL
Structured Query Language
SRAM
Static Random Access Memory
SRM
Storage Resource Management
SS
Stack Segment
SSCI
Société de Services et de Conseil en Informatique
SSD
Solid-State Disk
SSD
Solid State Drive
SSE
Streaming SIMD Extensions
SSH
Secure SHell
SSID
Service Set IDentifier (identificateur de groupe de services)
SSII
Société de Services en Ingénierie Informatique
SSL
Secured Sockets Layer
SSS
SubSurface Scattering
STA
Semiconductor Technology Associates
Page 23
Abbreviations
STNBY
STand BY
STUR
Spécifications Techniques d'Utilisation du Réseau
STX
Start of TeXt
SUB
SUBstitute
SuMiCon
Super Mini Computer
SVCD
Super Video Compact Disc
SVGA
Super Video Graphic Array
S-VHS
Super VHS
SW
Short Wave
SWI
SoftWare Interrupt
SYN
SYNchronous idle
SyNAPSE
Systems of Neuromorphic Adaptative Plastic Scalable Electronics
SYSOP
SYStem OPerator
TAB
TABulation
TAO
Track At Once
TASM
Turbo-ASseMbler
TBC
Time Base Corrector
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
TCPA
Trusted Computing Platform Alliance
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
TCSR
Timer Control/Status Register
TD
Transmission Données
TD
Transmit Data
TDD
Time Division Duplex
TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access
TDP
Thermal Design Power
TDR
Transmit Data Register
TDRE
Transmit Data Register Empty
TDS
Téléchargement Définitif avec Sauvegarde
TDSR
Transmit Data Shift Register
TE
Transmit Enable
TEOF
Transmit End Of File
TEOL
Transmit End Of Line
TF
Trap Flag
TFT
Thin Film Technology
TFT
Thin Film Transistor
THD
Très Haut Débit
THF
Très Haute Fréquence
THX
Tom Holdman eXperiment
THX
Tomlinson Holman eXperience
TI
Texas Instruments
TIC
Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication
TICE
Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication dans l'Éducation
TIE
Transmit Interrupt Enable
TIFF
Tagged Image File Format
TIGA
Texas Instruments Graphics Architecture
TL
TimeLine
TLD
Top Level Domain
TLS
Transport Layer Security
TMA
Tierce Maintenance Applicative
TMC
Traffic Message Channel
TN
Twisted Nematic
TNR
Terminal Numérique de Réseau
Page 24
Abbreviations
TNT
Télévision Numérique Terrestre
To
Teraoctet
TOF
Timer Overflow Flag
TOF
Top Of Form
TOI
Timer Overflow Interrupt
TOS
Tape Operating System
TP
Terminal Prêt
TPI
Tracks Per Inch
TPM
Trusted Platform Module
TRANSISTOR TRANsfer reSISTOR
TRC
Technical Requirement Checklist
TRCSR
Transmit/Receive Control/Status Register
TSF
Transmission Sans Fil
TSL
Teinte, Saturation, Luminance
TSR
Terminate and Stay Resident
TTF
True Type Font
TTL
Transistor to Transistor Logic
TVHD
TéléVision Haute Définition
TVSS
Tactile Visual Substitution System
TWAIN
Toolkit Without An Important Name
UAC
User Account Control
UAL
Unité Arithmétique et Logique
UAP
User Account Protection
UAProf
User Agent Profile
UART
Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
UC
Unité Centrale
UCT
Unité Centrale de Traitement
UDF
Universal Disk Format
UDF
User Define Function
UDI
Unified Display Interface
UDMA
Ultra Direct Memory Access
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
UEFI
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface
UHF
Ultra-Haute Fréquence
UHF
Ultra-High Frequency
UIC
User Identification Code
UIT
Union Internationale des Télécommunications
Ultra ATA
Ultra Advanced Technology Attachment
ULV
Ultra Low Voltage
UMA
Unlicensed Mobile Access
UMB
Upper Memory Block
UMD
Universal Media Disc
UMPC
Ultra Mobile Portable Computer
UMS
Universal Mass Storage
UMTS
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
UPnP
Universal Plug and Play
URI
Uniform Resource Identifier
URL
Universal Resource Locator
US
Unit Separator
USB
Universal Serial Bus
USB-IF
Universal Serial Bus Implementers Forum
USM
Universal SATA Module
USM
UnSharp Masking
Page 25
Abbreviations
USMT
User State Migration Tool
USR
Unix System Ressources
UV
Ultra-Violet
UWB
Ultra Wide Band
UXD
User eXperience Design
V
Volt
VA
Vertical Alignment
VA
Vertically Aligned
VBR
Variable Bit Rate
VC-1
Video Codec 1
VCD
Video Compact Disc
VDSL
Very high rate Digital Subscriber Line
VDU
Visual Display Unit
VESA
Video Electronics Standards Association
VESA FDMI
Video Electronics Standards Association Flat Display Mounting Interface standard
VGA
Video Graphics Array
VHF
Very High Frequency
VHS-C
VHS Compact
VIA
Versatile Interface Adapter
VLR
Visitors Location Register
VLSI
Very Large Scale Integration
VMD
Versatile Multilayer Disc
VMM
Virtual Memory Management
VNC
Virtual Network Computing
VODHD
Video On Demand High Definition
VoIP
Voice over Internet Protocol
VOM
Volt-Ohm-Meter
VPN
Virtual Private Network (réseau privé virtuel)
VRAM
Video Random Access Memory
VRC
View Reference Coordinate
VRML
Virtual Reality Modeling Language
VROOM
Virtual Real-time Object-Oriented Memory manager
VT
Vertical Tabulation
VT
Virtualization Technology
W
Watt
WAN
Wide Area Network
WAP
Wireless Application Protocol
WC
World Coordinate
WCDMA
Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
WD
Western Digital
WDS
Wireless Distribution System
WebOS
Web Operating System
WECA
Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance
WEI
Windows Experience Index
WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy
WEP
Wireless Equivalent Privacy
WGA
Windows Genuine Advantage
WGAS
Working Group on Astronomical Software
WHDI
Wireless Home Digital Interface
WHQL
Windows Hardware Quality Lab
WHS
Windows Scripting Host
WiDi
Wireless Display
WiFi
Wireless Fidelity
Page 26
Abbreviations
WIMAX
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
WIMP
Window, Icon, Mouse, Pull-down menu
WinFS
Windows Future Storage
WinHEC
Windows Hardware Engineering Conference
WISS
Workstation Independent Segment Storage
WL
WaveLength
WLAN
Wireless Local Area Network
WLL
Wireless Local Loop
WLM
Windows Live Messenger
WMA
Windows Media Audio
WMAN
Wireless Metropolitan Area Network
WMF
Windows MetaFile
WML
Wireless Markup Language
WMP
Windows Media Player
WMV
Windows Media Video
WMV-HD
Windows Media Video - High Definition
WORM
Write Once, Read Many
WPA
Wi-Fi Protected Access
WPA
Wireless fidelity Protected Access
WPA
Wireless fidelity Protected Area
WPAN
Wireless Personal Area Network
WPF
Windows Presentation Foundation
WPS
Wireless fidelity Protected System
WR
WRiting
WSH
Windows Scripting Host
WSPP
Windows Software Protection Platform
WSPR
Windows System Performance Rating
WTLS
Wireless Transport Security Layer
WU
Wake-Up
WUBI
Windows Ubuntu Installer
WUSB
Wireless Universal Serial Bus
WWAN
Wireless Wide Area Network
WWW
World Wide Web
WYSIWYG
What You See Is What You Get
WYTIWYG
What You Think Is What You Get
XD
eXecution Disable
XDG
X Desktop Group
XDR
eXtreme Date Rate
X-Fi
eXtreme Fidelity
XFWM
X Forms Window Manager
XHTML
eXtensible HyperText Markup Language
XITE
X-based Image processing Tools and Environment
XML
eXtented Markup Language
XMP
eXtensible Metadata Platform
XMS
eXtended Memory Specification
XSVCD
eXtended Super Video Compact Disc
XVCD
eXtended Video Compact Disc
XT
eXtended Technology
YMP
Yast Meta Package
ZIF
Zero Insertion Force
ZF
Zero Flag
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