French Grammar Basics Cheat Sheet by marijke

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French Grammar Basics Cheat Sheet by marijke
French Grammar Basics Cheat Sheet
by marijke via cheatography.com/7306/cs/1129/
Articles
Possessive Adjectives
Possessive Pronouns
Arti​cle
Female
Male
Plural
Adje​ctive
Female
Male
Plural
Pron​oun
Female
Male
the
la
le
les
my
ma
mon
mes
mine
la mienne
le mien
a
une
un
des
your (tu)
ta
ton
tes
yours
la tienne
le tien
le and la change to l' when used in front of a
his/he​r/its
sa
son
ses
his/hers
la sienne
le sien
word starting with a vowel and most words
our
notre
notre
nos
ours
la nôtre
le nôtre
your (vous)
votre
votre
vos
yours
la vôtre
le vôtre
une, une, des changes to de when used in
their
leur
leur
leurs
theirs
la leur
le leur
negative sentences
use mon, ton, son with feminine singular
add s to the end of the pronouns for plural form
nouns in front of vowels and h
and use les instead of la, le
en is used in phrases withde to avoid repeating
starting with h
Adjectives
Male
Female
Pronouns
-
-e
who
qui
-e
-
whom
que
-f
-ve
which
lequel
-x
-se
whose
dont
Phrases
-er
-ère
this
ce
He's/She's
C'est un/une
-an
-anne
that
ça
They are
C'est sont des
-en
-enne
this
ceci
not
ne... pas..
-on
-onne
the one
celle /celui
never
ne... jemais...
-el
-elle
-eil
-eille
-et
-ette / -ète
y is used in phrases withà to avoid repeating
the same word
Plural nouns
Personal Pronouns
some common adjectives follow no pattern
when an adjective describes a masculine and
feminine noun, use the masculine plural form
Demons​trative Adjective
this/​that
the same word
Female
Male
these​/those
cette
ce (cet)
ces
cet is used in front of masculine nouns which
begin with a vowel and most words beginning
with h
add -ci to the end of nouns for close
add -là to the end of nouns for far
Sing​ular
Plural
Sing​ular
Plural
I
je / moi
nous
-eau
-x
you
tu / te /toi
vous
-eu
-x
he/it
il
ils /eux
-ou
-s*
she/it
elle
elles
-al
-aux
me
me / moi
nous
-ail
-aux
him/it
le
les /eux
-s / -x /-z
nothing added
her/it
la
to him/her/it
lui
oneself
soi
-self
-même
*some -ou will add -x
leur
-mêmes
je changes to j' in front of vowels and mosth
and the word y, same with me and te.
on can be used to mean we, someone, you,
they, one or people in general
In general, all others take -s
Prepos​ition
Prep​osi​tion
to
à
to + the
à la (f), au (m), aux (p)
from
de
from + the
de la (f), du (m), des (p)
By marijke
Published 5th July, 2013.
Sponsored by Readability-Score.com
cheatography.com/marijke/
Last updated 2nd June, 2014.
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French Grammar Basics Cheat Sheet
by marijke via cheatography.com/7306/cs/1129/
Prepos​ition (cont)
in
en
after
après
before
avant
with
avec
at
chez
against
contre
into
dans
since
depuis
behind
derrière
in front of
devant
between ... and
entre ... et
until
jusque
by/per
par
during
pendant
for
pour
without
sans
except
sauf
under
sous
on
sur
towards
vers
this is
voici
that is
voilà
By marijke
Published 5th July, 2013.
Sponsored by Readability-Score.com
cheatography.com/marijke/
Last updated 2nd June, 2014.
Measure your website readability!
Page 2 of 2.
https://readability-score.com