Poster Session 1

Commentaires

Transcription

Poster Session 1
Poster’s Book
thanks to
Regione Basilicata
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
of SPORTS MEDICINE
Sports Medicine, the challenge for global health: Quo Vadis?
Organizer
The Italian Sports Medicine Federation (FMSI)
Congress Presidents
Maurizio CASASCO - Fabio PIGOZZI
Organizing Committee
Chairman
Maurizio CASASCO
Members
Luigi DI LUIGI
Angelo GIGLIO
Gabriele PETROLITO
Antonio FALCONIO
Luigi Maria FORMICA
Vincenzo Maria IERACITANO
Vincenzo LAMBERTI
Clara MAURI
Aldo PASSELLI
Prisco Patrizio PETTI
Antonio PEZZANO
Vincenzo RUSSO
scientific
committees
Local Scientific Committee
Chairman
Giorgio SANTILLI
Coordinator
Arsenio VEICSTEINAS
Members
Francesco DE FERRARI
Giuseppe FRANCAVILLA
Gian Pasquale GANZIT
Antonietta MARCHI
Fabio PIGOZZI
Maurizio SCHIAVON
International Scientific Committee
Chairman
Hans Hermann DICKHUTH
Members
Dusan HAMAR
Luigi DI LUIGI
Ioannis PITSILADIS
Antony WICKER
Mohammed RAZI
William ROBERTS
Zhan HUI
Jan GIELEN
content
8 Summary of Poster Session 27 September
43 Summary of Poster Session 28 September
78 Summary of Poster Session 29 September
111 Summary of Poster Session 30 September
143 Authors’ Index
166 Abstracts of Poster Session 27 September
318 Abstracts of Poster Session 28 September
479 Abstracts of Poster Session 29 September
614 Abstracts of Poster Session 30 September
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t h u r s d a y, 2 7
POSTER SESSION 1 15.00-16.00
Chairmen: D. Hamar (SLOVAKIA); M. Gismondi (ITALY)
001
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE AND
HANDICAPPED ATHLETES’ WELFARE
S.A. Mirkazemi1, A. Abtahinia2, J. Khoshbakhti1, A. Jafari2, F. Alavi2
1
Physical Education & Sport Science Faculty Birjand-IRAN, 2M.A Student Physical
Education & Sport Science Birjand-IRAN
002
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND CANCER SURVIVORS: A RESISTANCE TRAINING
PROTOCOL
C. Cerulli1, A. Bonifacino2, D. Rasio2, E. Tranchita1,3,4, E. Ciminelli1,4,
F. Quaranta1,4, E. Guerra1,4, V. De Luca1, E. Grazioli1, A. Parisi1,4
1
Health Sciences Department University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 2Senology
Unit S. Andrea Hospital Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY, 3School of
Specialization in Sport Medicine Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY, 4Italian
Federation of Sport Medicine Rome-ITALY
003
THERAPEUTIC HORSEBACK RIDING IN BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS: AN
EXPERIMENTAL PROTOCOL
C. Cerulli1, C. De Santis2, P. Frittelli3, M. Morucci4, S. Taucci4,
E. Tranchita1,5,6, E. Ciminelli1,6, F. Quaranta1,6, A. Parisi1,6, F. Pigozzi1,6
1
Health Sciences Department University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 2ASD
Sociale Il Giardino di Filippo Viterbo-ITALY, 3Senology Unit Belcolle Hospital ViterboITALY, 4Psychology Unit Belcolle Hospital Viterbo-ITALY, 5School of Speciaitation in
Sport Medicine Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY, 6Italian Federation of Sport
Medicine Rome-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
8
004
THURSDAY
september
27
RESPONSE TO WHOLE BODY CRYOSTIMULATION AFTER THE ADAPTATION
TO COLD DURING SEASON OF WINTER SWIMMING
A. Lubkowska1,2, Z. Szygula3, B. Dolegowska4, I. Bryczkowska1, D. Salata4,
M. Budkowska4
1
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, Szczecin University; 2Chair and
Department of Biochemistry and Medical Chemistry Pomeranian Medical University
Szczecin-POLAND, 3Institute of Human Physiology, University School of Physical
Education Krakow-POLAND, 4Department of Laboratory Diagnostics and Molecular
Medicine Pomeranian Medical University Szczecin-POLAND
005
IMPLEMENTATION OF A LOW-COST REHABILITATION PROGRAMME TO
MANAGE WALKING DISABILITY IN PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE: THE
“TEST-IN-TRAIN-OUT” PROGRAMME
A. Malagoni1, E. Vagnoni2, M. Felisatti1, F. Mascoli1, N. Basaglia3,
R. Manfredini1, N. Lamberti1, E. Pozzato1, P. Zamboni1, F. Manfredini1
1
University of Ferrara, Vascular Diseases Center Ferrara-ITALY, 2Department of
Economics, University of Ferrara, Ferrara-ITALY, 3S.Anna Hospital, Department of
Rehabilitation Medicine Ferrara-ITALY
006
A STUDY OF VARIETY AND PREVALENCE OF SPORT INJURIES AMONG
GOALBALL ATHLETES
T. Zargar
Islamic Azad University Tehran-IRAN
007
EFFECT OF ACUTE EXERCISE INTENSITY ON ENDOTHELIUM DEPENDENT
AND INDEPENDENT VASOMOTION
A. Paparde, L. Plakane, I. Aivars, V. Lusa
Department of Human and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
Riga-LATVIA
008
THE STRENGTH RATIO OF INTERNAL TIBIAL ROTATION AND KNEE FLEXION
AFTER THE USE OF HAMSTRING TENDONS FOR ANTERIOR CRUCIATE
LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION
A. Ada1, Y. Yildiz1, I. Yanmis2, T. Aydin1
1
2
Department of Sports Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty, Ankara-TURKEY,
Department of Orthopedics, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty, Ankara-TURKEY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
9
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
009
PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN AND RELATED RETURN TO PLAY PERCENTAGES
AFTER ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION
D. Alaseirlis1, T. Totlis1, L. Nakou2, I. Terzidis3, I. Ntelis1, K. Natsis4
1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, General Hospital of Giannitsa, Giannitsa-GREECE,
Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Papanikolaou, Thessaloniki-GREECE,
3
General Hospital Saint Lukas Thessaloniki-GREECE, 4Aristotles University of
Thessaloniki Thessaloniki-GREECE
2
010
THE BEHAVIOR OF BLOOD PRESSURE DURING EXERCISE IN YOUNG
ATHLETES
B. Alice, N. Gori, G. Tempesti, I. Corsani, L. Stefani, G. Galanti
Sports Medicine Florence-ITALY
011
THE EFFECTS OF MESOTHERAPY ON FUNCTIONAL TEST SCORE IN
ORIENTEERING ATHLETES WITH MEDIAL TIBIAL STRESS SYNDROME
A. Apaydin, Y. Yildiz, T. Aydin
Department Sports Medicine of Gulhane Military Medical Faculty Ankara-TURKEY
012
INJECTIONS OF HAYALURONIC ACID, MANUAL THERAPY AND ECCENTRIC
TRAINING ON ACHILLES TENDON MID PORTION AFFECTED BY TENDINITIS
IN AGONISTIC ATHLETES
G. Boni1, E. Bizzi2, A. Migliore2, S. Spaccapanico Proietti1
1
CR Umbria FMSI, Surgery of Sport Medicine Foligno-ITALY, 2Dep. Reumatology, FBF,
S. Peter Hospital Rome-ITALY
013
INTRA-ARTICULAR ULTRASOUND-GUIDED INJECTIONS IN AGONISTIC AND
NON-AGONISTIC ATHLETES AFFECTED BY ANKLE OSTEOARTHRITIS
E. Bizzi1, G. Boni2, A. Migliore1, S. Proietti Spaccapanico2, A. Ferri2,
P. Caramore3, D. Giannini3, C. Tomassoni3
1
Dep. of Rheumatology, S.Pietro FBF Hospital Rome-ITALY, 2CR Umbria, FMSI, Surgery
of Sport Medicine-Foligno (PG)-ITALY, 3Surgery of Sport Medicine Flaminia, Spoleto PG Spoleto-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
10
014
THURSDAY
september
27
INTRA-ARTICULAR ULTRASOUND-GUIDED INJECTIONS IN AGONIST AND
NON-AGONIST ATHLETES AFFECTED BY KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS
A. Migliore1, G. Boni2, S. Proietti Spaccapanico2, E. Bizzi1, A. Ferri2,
C. Caramore3, D. Giannini3, C. Tomassoni3
1
Dep. of Rheumatology, S.Pietro FBF Hospital, Rome-ITALY, 2CR FMSI, Umbria, Sports
Medicine Ambulatory, Foligno-ITALY, 3Sports Medicine Ambulatory, Flaminia, SpoletoITALY
015
CORRELATION BETWEEN BODY MASS INDEX AND BLOOD PRESSURE IN
YOUNG ATHLETES
E. Contini, A. Zanazzi
Institute for Sports Medicine Milan-ITALY
016
DO ACHILLES TENDON LENGTH AND SOLEUS INSERTION ANGLE DIFFER
BETWEEN PERSONS WITH OR WITHOUT CLINICAL SYMPTOMS OF ACHILLES
TENDINOPATHY?
A. Desrochers, D. Gagnon, M.J. Nadeau, M. Lamontagne
Laboratoire de Pathokinésiologie, Institut de Réadaptation Gingras-Lindsay de
Montréal Montréal-CANADA
017
EXPERIMENTAL MODEL FOR THE STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF PLATELET
DERIVED GROWTH FACTORS ON MUSCLES
A. Di Gianfrancesco1, L. Grasso1, E. Chierto1, S. Geuna2, S. Racca2,
E. Ciminelli1, F. Pigozzi1, P. Borrione1
1
University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 2Department of Clinical and Biological
Sciences Turin-ITALY
018
EFFECT OF CRYOTHERAPY ON BLOOD LACTATE CONCENTRATION, BLOOD PH
AND PERFORMANCE IN TWO SWIMMING RACES IN ONE SESSION
A. Khashaba1, A. Abdelfattah2, H. Hussein2
1
Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy Riyadh-SAUDI ARABIA, 2Faculty of
Physical Education, Helwan University Cairo-EGYPT
of SPORTS MEDICINE
11
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
019
EFFECT OF ZINC PASTE ELASTIC BANDAGE ON PAIN AND EDEMA OF ANKLE
SPRAINS
C. Lyrtzis, K. Natsis, N. Anastasopoulos, T. Totlis
Department of Anatomy, Medical School, A.U.Th Thessaloniki-GREECE
020
SPORT RELATED MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES: OUR EXPERIENCE
E. Magaudda, C. Freno, J. Matyasova, F.S. De Ponte
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Messina Messina-ITALY
021
ROTATOR CUFF STATUS IN 3 GENERATIONS OF HIGH LEVEL VOLLEYBALL
PLAYERS
C. Miguel1, R. Aido1, J. Lourenço1, J.C. Vasconcelos1, S. Magalhaes1,
J. Costa2, F. Monteiro3, R. Sales3
1
Service of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hospital de Santo António, Centro
Hospitalar do Porto, Porto-PORTUGAL, 2Service de Radiologie Institut Jules Bordet
Brussels-BELGIUM, 3Service of Phisical and Rehabilitation Medicine Faro-PORTUGAL
022
CHANGES IN LEVELS OF NEUROSPECIFIC AUTOANTIBODIES AND APOE
POLYMORPHISM IN BOXERS WITH REPEATED MILD TRAUMATIC BRAIN
INJURIES
A. Muravskiy1, S. Novikova2, I. Dekhtiarov3
1
National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education Named P.l. Shupik KyivUKRAINE, 2Institute of Genetic and Regenerative Medicine Kyiv-UKRAINE, 3Ukrainian
Center of Sport Medicine Kyiv-UKRAINE
023
ULTRASOUND (US)-GUIDED VISCOSUPPLEMENTATION (VS) OF THE HIP:
EFFICACY IN PATIENTS WITH FEMOROACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT (FAI)
D. Orlandi1, G. Ferrero1, E. Fabbro1, F. Lacelli2, N. Perrone2, L.M. Sconfienza3,
G. Serafini2
1
Radiology Department, Genoa University Genoa-ITALY, 2Radiology Department,
Ospedale Santa Corona Pietra Ligure (SV)-ITALY, 3Radiology Department, Policlinico
San Donato San Donato Milanese (MI)-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
12
024
THURSDAY
september
27
RENAL INJIURIES IN ATHLETES
A. Parrella, M.L. Iocca, E.R. Faloni, S. Giannini
Casa di Cura Villa Stuart Rome-ITALY
025
CHRONIC GROIN SYNDROME AND SPORT HERNIA IN YOUNG ATHLETES
A. Parrella, E.R. Faloni, M.L. Iocca, E.P. Assako Ondo, S. Giannini
Casa di Cura Villa Stuart Rome-ITALY
026
COMBINED IPSILATERAL TALAR AND CALCANEAL FRACTURE IN AN
ATHLETE
B. Patczai1, T. Mintál1, Á. Horváth1, I. Naumov1, A. Sebestyén2, L. Vámhidy1
1
Dept. of Trauma and Hand Surgery, University of Pécs, Pécs-HUNGARY, 2National
Health Insurance Fund Administration Pécs-HUNGARY
027
PREVALENCE OF OCULAR INJURIES IN BOXERS
F. Quaranta1,2, E. Cantera2, E. Ciminelli1, S. Conflitti2, S. Armentano2,
F. Sperandii2, P. Borrione1,2, F. Pigozzi1,2
1
University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 2Sport Medicine Institute of Rome Villa
Stuart Sport Clinic Rome-ITALY
028
BEACH VOLLEY HYDRATION ANALYSIS DURING A TOURNAMENT
A. Scardigno1, A. Gianfelici2, M. Bianco1, V. Palmieri1, M. Gentile1,
C. Di Mambro1, S. Cameli3, G. Ranocchi3, M. Faina2, P. Zeppilli1
1
Sports Medicine Unit, Catholic University Rome-ITALY, 2Medicine and Science Sports
Institute A. Venerando, Italian Olympic Committee Rome-ITALY, 3Italian Volleyball
Federation Rome-ITALY
029
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN YOUNG FOOTBALL PLAYERS:
SCREENING POPULATION IN MATERA
C. Sinno
Associazione Medico Sportiva Dilettantistica Matera-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
13
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
030
STABILOMETRY IN ATHLETES WITH MULTIPLE ANKLE SPRAINS: A
PROSPECTIVE BLINDED CONTROL TRIAL
G. Soldatos1, G. Kiritsis1, O. Kiritsi2, K. Tsitas3, A. Karamouzis4,
Z. Dadontzidi1, K. Skountzos5
1
Hellenic Airforce 251 General Hospital Athens-GREECE, 2Consultant Radiologist
Thessaloniki-GREECE, 3General Hospital Kozani Kozani-GREECE, 4Physiotherapist
Athens-GREECE, 5ATEI Patras -GREECE
031
INCIDENCE OF LONE ATRIAL FIBRILLATION IN MEN AND WOMEN AFTER
LONG PRACTICE OF THE BREATH HOLD AND/OR SCUBA DIVING
A. Stuto, G. Basile
Seal Whealth Team Siracusa-ITALY
032
OSTEOMETRIC STUDY OF THE CORACOCLAVICULAR REGION.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ANATOMIC RECONSTRUCTION OF THE
ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT
T. Totlis1, K. Tsitas1, O. Kiritsi1,2, C. Lyrtzis1, I. Terzidis1, K. Natsis1
1
Laboratory of Anatomy, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki-GREECE, 2James Paget University Hospitals Gr Yarmouth-UNITED
KINGDOM
033
RETURN TO SPORTS AFTER ARTHROSCOPIC SHOULDER STABILIZATION
M. Aloe, D.J. Albertengo, R.S. Beribe, J.L. Aparicio
Sanatorio Mapaci, Assist Sport Rosario-ARGENTINA
034
HYDROTHERAPY IN CHEST-HIGH POOL FOR HORMONE THERAPY INDUCED
ARTHRALGIA IN BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS. A TELE-REHABILITATION
PURPOSE
M. Arroyo-Morales1, I. Cantarero-Villanueva1, A. Ariza-Garcia1,
C. Fernández-Lao1, N. Galiano-Castillo1, I. Zarcos-Pedrinaci2,
C. Fernández-Lao1
1
Physical Therapy Department, University of Granada Granada-SPAIN, 2Radiotherapy
Oncology Service Hospital Virgen de Las Nieves Granada-SPAIN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
14
035
THURSDAY
september
A TELEREHABILITATION PURPOSE TO ASSESS PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENTS:
THE HANDGRIP STRENGTH TEST AS A MEASURE OF FUNCTION IN BREAST
CANCER SURVIVORS
M. Arroyo-Morales1, C. Fernández-Lao1, N. Galiano-Castillo1, A. Ariza-Garcia1,
R. Del Moral-Avila2, L. Diaz-Rodríguez3, I. Cantarero-Villanueva1
1
Physical Therapy Department, University of Granada Granada-SPAIN, 2Oncology
Radiotherapy Department, Hopital Virgen de Las Nieves Granada-SPAIN, 3Nursing
Department, University of Granada Granada-SPAIN
036
A FOLLOW-UP ON BLOOD PRESSURE IN RELATION TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
AND TO RESPONSES TO EXERCISE
D. Attina’, G. Catalano, S. Piromalli, D. Roberto, F. Gervasio, S. Neri
UO Sports Medicine ASP Reggio Calabria-ITALY
037
PREVENTION-TREATMENT OF METABOLIC SYNDROME BASED ON CARDIOPULMONARY EXERCISE TEST
E. Beretta1, E. Passoni1, A. Lania1,2, S. Adamo1, G. Grasso1, D. Noe’3,
G. Miserocchi1
1
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza-ITALY,
UO Riabilitazione, Ospedale Civile di Legnano Legnano, (MI)-ITALY, 3UO Dietologia e
Nutrizione Clinica, Ospedale San Carlo Borromeo Milan-ITALY
2
038
PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF THE PROJECT: “TRANSPLANTATION AND
SPORT”
E. Brugin, V. Pescatore, D. Noventa, F. Giada
Sports Medicine Unit, Cardiovascular Department, PF Calvi Hospital Noale Venice-ITALY
039
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ONE MAXIMUM REPETITION, VERTICAL
COMPOUND OF TORQUE`S PEAK AND ISOKINETICS VARIABLES IN
CONCENTRIC EVALUATION OF HEALTY KNEES
J. Carrillo Chargoy
Mexican Sport Comission Mexico-MEXICO
of SPORTS MEDICINE
15
27
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
040
CARDIOVASCULAR EFFECTS OF RESISTANCE TRAINING IN THE ERDERLY
E. Ciminelli, S. Crudo, R. Beltran Valls, F. Quaranta, E. Guerra, E. Tranchita,
F. Fagnani, A. Parisi, D. Caporossi
Department of Health Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY
041
SHORT TERM EFFECT OF AN AEROBIC EXERCISE PROGRAM IN A PATIENT
WITH NEUROACANTHOCYTOSIS SYNDROMES: A CASE REPORT
C. Clemente Polán, J.G. Olcina Camacho
University of Extremadura Cáceres-SPAIN
042
EFFECTS OF A DOMICILIARY PHYSICAL EXERCISE PROGRAM ON
FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY IN ADULT WITH CYSTIC FIBROSIS. PRELIMINARY
STUDY
C. Clemente Polán1, J.M. Lavado García2
1
Department of Physiology, Extremadura University Cáceres-SPAIN, 2Department of
Physiotherapy and Nursing, Extremadura University Cáceres-SPAIN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
16
THURSDAY
september
27
POSTER SESSION 2 15.00-16.00
Chairmen: M. Triassi (ITALY); L. Aita (ITALY)
043
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN PREVENTING HYPERTENSION-WHICH IS THE MOST
EFFECTIVE DOSE
E. Csajági, Z. Kneffel, Z. Major, G. Pavlik
Department of Health Sciences and Sports Medicine, Semmelweis University,
Budapest-HUNGARY
044
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AS ADJUNCT TREATMENT FOR PEOPLE WITH
SCHIZOPHRENIA
D. Curcic, N. Radivojevic, N. Dikic, M. Vukasinovic-Vesic, M. Andjelkovic
Sports Medicine Association of Serbia Belgrade-SERBIA
045
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INTENSITY AND FIBRINOGEN BLOOD LEVEL IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN
E. D’Angelo1, A. Di Blasio2, F. Di Donato2, P. Izzicupo2, G. Napolitano2,
A. Di Baldassarre2, S. Gallina1
1
2
046
Department of Neuroscience and Imaging of G. D’Annunzio University Chieti-ITALY,
Department of Medicine and Sciences of Aging G. D’Annunzio University Chieti-ITALY
COMBINED EXERCISE THERAPY AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTATION TO
FACIOSCAPULOHUMERAL DYSTROPHY: A CASE STUDY
S. Pasotti1, B. Magnani1, G. Giovanetti1, P. Gandolfi1, M. Longa1, M. Macchi1,
F. Chiofalo1, A. Moda1, C. Quaglieri1, L. Castelli1, R. Tupler2, A. Rossi1,
G. D’Antona1
1
University of Pavia, LUSAMMR Voghera (PV)-ITALY, 2University of Modena and Reggio
Emilia Modena-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
17
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
047
EFFECTS OF A 16 WEEKS TRAINING PROGRAM IN PATIENTS WITH COPD:
PRELIMINARY DATA
A. Delussu, C. Pisicchio, S. Lubich, C. Pizzoli, F. Di Meo, M. Traballesi
Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCCS Rome-ITALY
048
PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF ACHILLES TENDON LENGTH AND SOLEUS
FIBER INSERTION ANGLE MEASURES OBTAINED BY QUANTITATIVE
ULTRASOUND IMAGING
M.C. Nadeau, D. Gagnon, A. Desrochers, M. Lamontagne
Laboratoire de Pathokinésiologie, Institut de Réadaptation Gingras-Lindsay de
Montréal Montréal-CANADA
049
HEART RATE RECOVERY AS A MEASURE OF IMPROVEMENT IN EXERCISE
TOLERANCE IN HEART PATIENTS UNDERGOING AEROBIC TRAINING
D. Fugazzotto1, R. Herberg1, F. Speciale2, D. Di Mauro2, M. Righi2,
L. Magaudda2
1
Cardiovascular Rehabilitation, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Cot Messina-ITALY,
Department of Biomorphology and Biotechnology Postgraduate School of Sports
Medicine University of Messina Messina-ITALY
2
050
EFFECTS OF REGULAR EXERCISE AND MAGNESIUM SULFATE ON PAIN
THRESHOLD IN DIABETIC RATS
A. Heidarianpour
Bu Ali Sina University Hamadan-IRAN
051
ANTIOXIDATIVE CAPACITY IN HEALTHY MAN SUBJECTED TO SERIES OF
WHOLE-BODY CRYOSTIMULATIONS, POTENTIAL BENEFICIAL EFFECT
A. Lubkowska1, B. Dolegowska2
1
Szczecin University, Department of Physiology, Pomeranian Medical University,
Department of Biochemistry Szczecin-POLAND, 2Pomeranian Medical University,
Department of Laboratory Diagnostics and Molecular Medicine Szczecin-POLAND
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
18
052
THURSDAY
september
FOUNDATION OF A COMPUTER SOFTWARE FOR EXERCISE PRESCRIPTION IN
CHRONIC DISEASE TREATMENT
A. Safar Cherati1, A. Mardany Chaharlang2, M. Taghipour2
1
Tehran University of Medical Science Rasoul Akram Hospital Tehran-IRAN, 2Shahid
Beheshti University of Medical Science, Haftetir Hospital Tehran-IRAN
053
SPORTING ACTIVITY AFTER MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (MI) AND
PERCUTANEOUS CORONAROPLASTYC (PCI). A CASE-REPORT
C. Sinno
Associazione Medico Sportiva Dilettantistica Matera Matera-ITALY
054
EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF SOME RISK FACTORS AND PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY OF 270 CANCERS
A. Sterpini
FMSI Brindisi-ITALY
055
PRELIMINARY REPORT ON A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SPORTS EFFECTS ON
PLANTAR VAULT DEVELOPMENT
A. Tiloca, G. Monteleone, G. Paci, R. Sorge, M. Marzella, M. De Iacovo
Department of Preventive Medicine, Diagnostics and Integrated Therapy Rome-ITALY
056
EFFECT OF INTERVAL TRAINING VERSUS AEROBIC TRAINING ON FAT
PERCENTAGE OF OBESE ADULTS
L. Tiznado Peña1, H. Martinez Meléndez2, A. Pegueros Perez3,
G. Franco Sánchez4
1
National Sports Comition MEXICO, 2National Sports Comition MEXICO, 3National
Institute of Rehabilitation MEXICO, 4National Institute of Rehabilitation MEXICO
of SPORTS MEDICINE
19
27
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
057
PHYSICAL AND SEXUAL ACTIVITY
A. Calligaris1, S. Bermon2
1
2
058
RESPONSE OF INSULIN AND INSULIN RESISTANCE INDEX TO ACUTE
ENDURANCE EXERCISE: EFFECT OF GENDER
D. Sheikholeslami Vatani1, S. Ahmadizad2, S. Ghoreishi1
1
059
Centro Medicina dello Sport e Educazione Fisica San Pellegrino Terme (BG)-ITALY,
Istituto Monegasque Medicine Chirurgie du Sport Monaco-MONACO
University of Kurdistan Sanandaj-IRAN, 2Shahid Beheshti University Tehran-IRAN
MODULATION OF THE ALA16VAL GENE POLYMORPHISM ON MNSOD GENE
EXPRESSION AND PROTEIN CONTENT BEFORE AND AFTER EXERCISE
G. Bresciani1,2, J. González-Gallego1, I. Da Cruz2, J. De Paz1, M. Cuevas1
1
Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED) León-SPAIN, 2Programa de Pós-Graduação em
Ciências Biológicas: Bioquímica Toxicológica, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Santa Maria-BRAZIL
060
VDR POLYMORPPHISMS AND MUSCLE INJURIES IN TOP-LEVEL SOCCER
PLAYERS
M. Massidda1, C. Calo’1, L. Corrias1, V. Bachis1, P. Cugia2, R. Mura2, F. Piras2,
M. Scorcu2
1
Dept. Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2FMSI CR
Sardegna and Cagliari Calcio Spa Cagliari-ITALY
061
THE EFFECT OF ETHNICITY ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE
POLYMORPHISMS (SNPS) IN GENES RELATED TO TISSUE DAMAGE, REPAIR
AND RECOVERY IN SPORT
J. Ribas I Fernández1, R. Artells2, R. Pruna3, B. Montoro4, F. Cos5, C. Muñoz2,
G. Rodas3, M. Monzo2
1
Unitat d’Anatomia i Embriologia Humana i Escola de Medicina de L’esport-Fac.
Medicina-UB Barcelona-SPAIN, 2Unitat d’Anatomia i Embriologia Humana-Fac.
Medicina-UB Barcelona-SPAIN, 3Serveis Mèdics del Fcbarcelona Barcelona-SPAIN, 4Dpt.
de Farmàcia i Tecnologia Farmacèutica-Fac. Farmacia-UB Barcelona-SPAIN, 5INEF-UB
Barcelona-SPAIN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
20
062
27
ACUTE CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSE TO MUD-PACK TREATMENT IN
HYPERTENSIVE SUBJECTS UNDER THERAPY
L. Agnello1, M.A. Maggioni1, A. Dattilo2, G. Merati1
1
063
THURSDAY
september
University of Milan Milan-ITALY, 2Ermitage Medical Hotel Abano (PD)-ITALY
ANATOMICAL ADAPTATIONS OF THE LOWER LIMB IN HABITUALLY
BAREFOOT VERSUS SHOD CHILDREN IN RURAL KENYA
H. Aibast1, T. Sigei2, P. Okutoyi2, W. Adero2, D. Chemjor2, N. Ongaro2,
N. Fuku3, K. Konstabel1, D.E. Lieberman4, Y. Pitsiladis2,5
1
University of Tartu Tartu-ESTONIA, 2Moi University Eldoret-KENYA, 3Tokyo Metropolitan
Institute of Gerontology Tokyo-JAPAN, 4Harvard University Cambridge-USA, 5University
of Glasgow Glasgow-UNITED KINGDOM
064
THE LIFE STYLE LIKE PROCESS AGAINST AGEING
A. Calligaris
Centro Medicina Educazione Fisica e dello Sport San Pellegrino Terme (BG)-ITALY,
Institu Monegasque de Medicineet Chirurgie Du Sport Monaco-MONACO
065
HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ BODY WEIGHT CONTROL: DIFFERENCES
BETWEEN ATHLETES AND NON-ATHLETES
R. Mikulán1, B. Pikó2
1
University of Szeged, Juhász Gyula Faculty of Education, Institute of Physical
Education and Sports Sciences Szeged - HUNGARY, 2Department of Behavioural
Sciences, University of Szeged, Faculty of Medicine, Szeged-HUNGARY
067
THE INFLUENCES OF THE LOWER-EXTREMITY FUNCTION IN THE AGED
PERSON’S QUALITY OF LIFE
B. Oh, H.C. Choi, D.W. Shin, K.Y. Son, J.H. Park, B. Cho
Seoul National University Hospital Seoul-SOUTH KOREA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
21
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
068
WEEKLY VIGOROUS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DIETARY HABITS IN
SEDENTARY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS. GENDER-RELATED DIFFERENCES
A. Sablone1, A. Di Blasio2, M.G. Taglieri1, G. Di Giacanto1, D. Di Renzo1,
A. Colozzi1, M. Scalisi1, P. Ripari1,2
1
University of Study G. D’Annunzio Chieti-Pescara Chieti-ITALY, 2Department of
Sciences Biomedical Chieti-ITALY, 3Department of Medecine and Aging Sciences ChietiITALY, 4AMSD Chieti Chieti-ITALY
069
THE COMPARISON OF THE EFFECT TYPE OF MUSIC ON PERFORMANCE
PHYSICAL FITNESS FACTORS OF ADOLESCENCE BOYS
F. Torabi1, K. Ranjbar2, Z. Soori3
1
Physical Education Department, Payame Noor University Tehran-IRAN, 2Department
of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sports and Exercise Sciences, University of Tehran
Tehran-IRAN, 3Faculty of Sports and Exercise Sciences, University of Razi KermanshahIRAN
070
THE EFFECT OF AROUSAL FACTOR (MUSIC) ON LEARNING AND
PERFORMANCE OF THE CONTINUOUS MOTOR SKILLS
F. Torabi
Department of Physical Education, Payame Noor University Tehran-IRAN
071
DETERMINATION OF MAXIMAL FAT OXIDATION FOR PRESCRIBING
EXERCISE IN HEALTHY SEDENTARY SUBJECTS
A. Cataldo, G. Russo, D. Zangla, V. Giglio, D. Bellavia, M. Traina
DISMOT-Department of Sports Science, University of Palermo Palermo-ITALY
072
ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH MENTAL
RETARDATION: AN APPROACH WITH EVIDENCE OF EFFECTIVENESS
F. Pregliasco1, I. Ghezzi2, G. Giardini2
1
Università Studi Milano Milan-ITALY, 2Fondazione Sacra Famiglia Onlus Cesano
Boscone (MI)-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
22
073
THURSDAY
september
27
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME IN ATHLETES
N. Syrmos
Neurosurgery Department, Venizeleio General Hospital, Heraklion, Crete, Greece,
Heraklion, Crete, Greece-GREECE
074
EFFECTS OF WATER EXERCISE ON FALLING RISK AND POSTURAL CONTROL
OF ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH KNEE OA
F. Zamanian1, M. Vesalinaseh2
1
Department of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch
Najafabad-IRAN, 2Department of Sport Science, Tehran University Tehran-IRAN
075
LIVER MITOCHONDRIA TRAINING ADAPTATIONS TO EXERCISE-INDUCED
OXIDATIVE STRESS
G. Bresciani1, F. Lima1, D. Stamm1, I. Della-pace2, M. De Castro4,
F. Dobrachinski1, N. De Carvalho1, M. Fighera3, F. Soares1, L. Royes1,2
1
Programa de Pós-Graduação Em Ciências Biológicas: Bioquímica Toxicológica,
Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Santa Maria-BRAZIL, 2Programa de PósGraduação Em Farmacologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Santa
Maria-BRAZIL, 3Departamento de Neuroolgia, Hospital Universitário de Santa Maria
Santa Maria-BRAZIL, 4Undergraduate Student at Centro de Educação Física e
Desportos, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Santa Maria-BRAZIL
076
THE EFFECTS OF POWER BAND HOLOGRAM ON REDOX STATE OF YOUNG
SOCCER PLAYERS
D. Djordjevic1, V. Puzovic1, N. Barudzic1, V. Zivkovic1, M. Vuletic1,
D. Stefanovic1, M. Djurovic2, V. Jakovljevic1
1
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kragujevac KragujevacSERBIA, 2FC Red Star Belgrade-SERBIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
23
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
077
DISUSE AND AGING: MODIFICATIONS IN FUNCTIONAL PARAMETERS AND
MYOSIN CONCENTRATION
E. Longa1, L. Brocca1, E. Cambell2, O. Seynnes2, J. Mcphee2, M. Narici2,
R. Bottinelli1
1
Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Pavia Pavia-ITALY, 2Institute for
Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan
University Manchester-UNITED KINGDOM
078
TESTOSTERONE TREATMENT–INDUCED CHANGES IN THE BLOOD
ANTIOXIDANT STATUS OF SEDENTARY AND ENDURANCE TRAINED RATS
E. Sadowska-Krepa, A. Wanke, K. Kempa, B. Klapcinska
Department of Physiological & Medical Sciences, Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical
Education Katowice-POLAND
079
BLOOD PRESSURE AND CARDIAC OUTPUT REGULATION IN CYCLISTS
DURING MAXIMUM AEROBIC POWER TEST
P.M. Casali, L. Ricciardi, M.I. Sturla
A.S.D. Associazione Medico Sportiva Pavia-ITALY
080
DETERMINAR POR CENTRIFUGACION LA CANTIDAD DE PLAQUETAS
OBTENIDAS COMPARANDO(1600-1800) REVOLUCIONES POR 8 MINUTOS
J. Corzo Silva
Ministerio del Poder Popular Para el Deporte Maracaibo-Zulia-VENEZUELA
081
PERIPHERAL ADAPTATIONS ASSESSED BY NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY
FOLLOWING EXERCISE TRAINING IN PATIENTS WITH INTERMITTENT
CLAUDICATION
A.M. Malagoni1, M. Felisatti1, F. Mascoli1, N. Basaglia2, R. Manfredini1,
N. Lamberti1, E. Pozzato1, S. Mandini1, P. Zamboni1, F. Manfredini1,2
1
University of Ferrara, Vascular Diseases Center Ferrara-ITALY, 2Department of
Rehabilitation Medicine, S. Anna Hospital Ferrara-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
24
082
THURSDAY
september
27
PLATELET-RICH-PLASMA – THE STATE OF THE ART IN SPORTS MEDICINE
C. Miguel1, F. Monteiro1, R. Sales Marques1, C. Machado1, R. Aido2
1
Service of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine of Faro Faro-PORTUGAL, 2Service of
Orthopaedicas and Traumatology of Centro Hospitalar do Porto Porto-PORTUGAL
083
ENDOTHERAPY AND TRANSDERMAL INFILTRATION SYSTEM FOR
TREATMENT OF INTERNAL GASTROCNEMIUS TRAUMA IN SOCCER PLAYERS
A. Pastore
Medical Center Avicenna Venice-ITALY, Association Sports Medicine Venice-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
25
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
POSTER SESSION 3 15.00-16.00
Chairmen: S. Campi (ITALY); P. Selvetti (ITALY)
084
FROM CRYOTHERAPY TO NEUROCRYOSTIMULATION: A STRIKING
EVOLUTION
P. Paulin1,2,3, J.L. Fortin1, F. Nicod1, F.X. Lagre1
1
Emergency Medical Service, Doubs Fire Department Besançon-FRANCE, 2FrancheComté Regional Olympic Comittee Besançon-FRANCE, 3French Handball Federation,
Medical Services Gentilly-FRANCE
085
PLATELET RICH PLASMA IN THE TREATMENT CHRONIC TENDINOPATHIES:
CASE REPORT
G. Romero Cardona1, J. Casal, J. Corso, M. Villalobos, M. Rangel
1
Centro Nacional Ciencias Aplicadas al Deporte Zulia-Departamento Traumatologia
Maracaibo, Zulia-VENEZUELA, 2Centro Nacional Ciencias Aplicadas al Deporte Zuliadirector Medico Maracaibo, Zulia-VENEZUELA, 3Centro Nacional Ciencias Aplicadas al
Deporte Zulia-Departamento Bioanalisis Maracaibo, Zulia-VENEZUELA, 4Centro
Nacional Ciencias Aplicadas al Deporte Zulia-Departamento Fisiatria Maracaibo, ZuliaVENEZUELA, 5Centro Nacional Ciencias Aplicadas al Deporte Zulia-Departamento
Medico Maracaibo, Zulia-VENEZUELA
086
BODY COMPOSITION ASSESSED BY SEGMENTAL BIOIMPEDANCE ANALYSIS
(BIA) AND REPEATED SPRINT PERFORMANCE IN RUGBYMEN
J. Brun1, M. Guiraudou1, J. Dumas1, I. Raingeard2, A. Chalançon2,
A. Avignon1, J. Mercier1
1
Inserm U1046 Montpellier-FRANCE, 2Département d’Endocrinologie Chu Montpellier
Montpellier-FRANCE
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
26
087
THURSDAY
september
27
RESTING METABOLIC DEMAND OF ELITE BOXING IN BRAZIL
F. Burini1, L. Viveiros2, O. Teixeira3, R. Manda1, C. Abad4, I. Loturco4,
T. Pessoa Junior5, M. Aoki6, L. Cameron3, R. Burini1
1
Exercise and Nutrition Metabolism Center UNESP Medical School Botucatu-BRAZIL,
Brazilian Olympic Committee Sports Science Department Rio de Janeiro-BRAZIL,
3
Protein Metabolism Laboratory Unirio Rio de Janeiro-BRAZIL, 4Pão De Açúcar High
Performance Center Sao Paulo-BRAZIL, 5Parana Federal State University CuritibaBRAZIL, 6Each São Paulo State University Sao Paulo-BRAZIL
2
088
METABOLIC PROFILE OF BRAZILIAN ELITE BOXING ATHLETES
F. Burini1, L. Viveiros2, O. Teixeira3, R. Manda1, C. Abad4, I. Loturco4,
T. Pessoa Junior5, M. Aoki6, L. Cameron3, R. Burini1
1
Exercise and Nutrition Metabolism Center UNESP Medical School Botucatu-BRAZIL,
Brazilian Olympic Committee Sports Science Department Rio de Janeiro-BRAZIL,
3
Protein Metabolism Laboratory Unirio Rio de Janeiro-BRAZIL, 4Pão De Açúcar High
Performance Center Sao Paulo-BRAZIL, 5Parana Federal State University CuritibaBRAZIL, 6Each São Paulo State University SaoPaulo-BRAZIL
2
089
LIPID PEROXIDATION / NITRIC OXIDE METABOLITE RATIO IN TRAINED
SUBJECTS BEFORE AND AFTER A CARDIOPULMONARY TEST
B. Canino, R. Lo Presti, F. Stassi, G. Caimi
University of Palermo Palermo-ITALY
090
OXIDATIVE STRESS, ANTIRADICAL POWER AND HORMONAL PROFILE IN
PLASMA AND SALIVA: APPLICATION IN SPORT PERFORMANCE
E. Doria1, D. Buonocore1, F. Angelini2,3, A. Bonuccelli2, A. Causarano2,
G. D’Urbano2, S. Catanese2, F. Marzatico1,2,3
1
Dip Biologia e Biotecnologie Pavia-ITALY, 2AC Siena Robur Tech Siena-ITALY, 3Italian
Society of Sport Nutrition and Wellness (SINSEB) Empoli-ITALY
091
DHA-RICH FISH OIL IMPROVES COMPLEX REACTION TIME IN FEMALE
ELITE SOCCER PLAYERS
H. Esteve1, A. Pablos1, L. Elvira1, F. Guzmán2, C. Pablos2, C. Blasco1,
J.A. Villegas3
1
Universidad Católica de Valenca Torrent-SPAIN, 2Universidad de Valencia ValenciaSPAIN, 3Universidad Católica de Murcia Murcia-SPAIN
of SPORTS MEDICINE
27
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
092
THE EFFECT OF CITRULLINE/MALATE ON PLASMA LACTATE LEVELS IN
INTENSIVE TRAINING
F. Kiyici1, H. Eroglu2, N. Kishali1, A. Erzurumluoglu1, G. Burmaoglu1
1
Department of Physical Education and Sports School of Sport Sciences, Atatürk
University Erzurum-TURKEY, 2Department of Physical Education and Sport
Kahramanmaras Sütcü Imam University Kahramanmaras-TURKEY
094
NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS USE IN IRANIAN PROFESSIONAL PLAYERS
T. Seifbarghi1, F. Halabchi1, R. Mazaheri1, K. Djafarian2
1
Sports Medicine Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical
Sciences Tehran-IRAN, 2Department of Nutrition and Bioch, School of Public
Health,Tehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran-IRAN
095
NOVEL NATURAL COMPOUNDS WITH POTENTIAL TO PREVENT AND TREAT
SKELETAL MUSCLE ATROPHY
A. Torrent1, P. Dalmau1, R. Ruhi1, K. Swiderski2, J.E. Church2, D.M. Baum2,
G.S. Lynch2
1
Pharmaceutical & Nutraceutical R & D Dept., Bioiberica S.A. Barcelona-SPAIN, 2Basic
and Clinical Myology Laboratory, Department of Physiology, the University of
Melbourne Victoria-AUSTRALIA
096
A COMPARISON OF DISABLED ATHLETE AND NON-ATHLETE ANXIETY RATES
S.A. Mirkazemi 1,A. Abtahinia2, J. Khoshbakhti1, A. Jafari2, F. Alavi2
1
Physical Education & Sport Science Faculty Birjand-IRAN, 2M.A Student Physical
Education & Sport Science
097
ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC ASPECTS AND ANOMALIES DETECTED DURING THE
MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF NONCOUNTER-INDICATIONS TO THE PRACTICE
OF THE HIGH LEVEL SPORT: RESULT OF A SYSTEMATIC EVALUATION
H. Adala, D. Koubaa, I. Fradi, A. Ben Halima, F. Azzouzi
Center National Medicine and Sciences of the Sport TUNISIA
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
28
098
THURSDAY
september
27
PULSE CURVE OBTAINED DURING BRUCE TREADMILL TEST IN SENIOR
SOCCER PLAYERS
V. Antevska, J. Pluncevic Gligoroska, S. Petrovska, B. Dejanova, S. Nikolic,
S. Mancevska
Institute of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University Ss Cyril and Methodius, SkopjeFORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
099
CARNITINE PALMITOYLTRANSFERASE II DEFICIENCY AND PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
E. Assisi1, A. Nigro1, F. Caretta1, F. Quaranta1,2, S. Livrieri1, E. Ciminelli1,
F. Sperandii1, F. Pigozzi1,2, P. Borrione1
1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Rome, Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 2Sport
Medicine Institute of Rome, Villa Stuart Sport Clinic Rome-ITALY
100
CORRELATION BETWEEN HEMODYNAMIC INDICES AND SPORTS
CLASSIFICATION FOR ITALIAN ORGANIZING CARDIOLOGICAL COMMITTEE
ON SPORTS ELIGIBILITY (COCIS)
A. Castagna1, C. Ruberto2, G. Attisani3
1
AUSL di Modena, UO Cure Primarie Pavullo nel Frignano (MO)-ITALY, 2Università degli
Studi Magna Graecia Catanzaro-ITALY, 3Centro Medico Fisios Ravenna-ITALY
101
TRASLAVAL MARATHON: ASSESSMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR FUNCTION
DURING A FOOT RACE IN FIVE STAGES AT HIGH ALTITUDE
A. Cialfi1, D. Di Mattia2, S. Colombo1, M. Viecca1, C. Antona3
1
Università degli Studi di Milano, Ospedale Luigi Sacco, Divisione di Cardiologia MilanITALY, 2FMSI, Istituto di Medicina dello Sport, Università degli Studi di Milano,
Ospedale Luigi Sacco, Divisione di Cardiochirurgia Milan-ITALY, 3Università degli Studi
di Milano, Ospedale Luigi Sacco, Divisione di Cardiochirurgia Milan-ITALY
102
PHYSIOLOGY OF SOME POSSIBLE SERUM MARKERS FOR SPORT MEDICINE
MONITORING
B. Dejanova1, S. Petrovska1, V. Filipce2, P. Dejanov3, J. Pluncevic1,
S. Mancevska1, V. Antevska1
1
Institute of Physiology, Medical Faculty Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF
MACEDONIA, 2Clinical Laboratory, Medical Faculty Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC
OF MACEDONIA, 3Clinic of Internal Medicine, Medical Faculty Skopje-FORMER
YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
29
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
103
WOLFF-PARKINSON-WHITE SYNDROME AND SPORT: INCIDENCE, FOLLOWUP AND ECG IN PRE-ADOLESCENTS
F. Faiola1,2, U. Luciani1,2, G. Bianchi1,2, M. Casasco1,2
1
Italian Federation of Sports Medicine, FMSI Rome-ITALY, 2Panathleticon, Sports
Medicine Brescia-ITALY
104
ROLE OF THE TRANSTHORACIC ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY IN THE EARLY
DIAGNOSIS OF ISOLATED CONGENITAL CORONARY ARTERY ANOMALIES IN
PAEDIATRIC PATIENTS
A. Ferrazza1, A. Ammirati2, F. Gimigliano2
1
CMPH Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Centre Rome-ITALY, 2OPBG Paediatric Hospital
Bambino Gesù Rome-ITALY
105
PREVALENCE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF NEGATIVE T WAVES IN YOUNG
SOCCER PLAYERS’ BASAL ELECTROCARDIOGRAMS
E. Guerra1, F. Sperandii2,3, A. Martino2, F. Quaranta1,3, E. Cavarretta2,
F. Guarracini2, E. De Ruvo2, L. Sciarra2, F. Pigozzi1, L. Calo’1,2
1
Università degli Studi di Roma Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 2Policlinico Casilino, Dept. of
Cardiology Rome-ITALY, 3Villa Stuart Sport Clinic Rome-ITALY
106
DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY AFTER ASSUMPTION CLOZAPINE
A. Nigro2, F. Quaranta1,2, F. Sperandii2, E. Cimenelli1, E. Assisi2, S. Livrieri2,
F. Caretta2, P. Borrione1,2, F. Pigozzi1,2
1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 2Sport
Medicine Institute of Rome, Villa Stuart Sport Clinic Rome-ITALY
107
ISOLATED LEFT VENTRICULAR NON-COMPACTION: IS IT ALWAYS A
CARDIOMYOPATHY?
B. Poscolieri, T. Vessella, F. Moretti, M. Bianco, V. Palmieri, P. Zeppilli
Sports Medicine Unit, Catholic University Rome-ITALY
108
SYMPTOMATIC AND ASYMPTOMATIC CHILDREN WITH VENTRICULAR
PREEXCITATION: SAME RISK FOR SPORT PARTECIPATION
C. Di Mambro, M.S. Russo, D. Righi, M.S. Silvetti, M. Prosperi, F. Gimigliano,
F. Drago
Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, U.O.C. di Aritmologia Palidoro Rome-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
30
109
THURSDAY
september
27
BONE MINERAL DENSITY CHANGES IN YOUNG MALE ATHLETES AFTER
STRENUOUS ACTIVITY
E. Stefas1, K. Manavis1, D. Alaseirlis2, V. Panoutsakopoulos3,
M. Kotzamanidou1, K. Natsis4
1
Greek Handball Federation Athens-GREECE, 2General Hospital of Giannitsa GiannitsaGREECE, 3Department of Physical Education & Sport Science, Aristotle University of
Thessaloniki Thessaloniki-GREECE, 4Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki-GREECE
110
FOCUSED TRANSTHORACIC ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY BY SPORTS MEDICINE
PHYSICIANS TO DETECT HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY IN ATHLETES
E. Yim1, G. Corrado1, F. Basilico2
1
Division of Sports Medicine, Children’s Hospital Boston Boston-USA, 2Division of
Cardiology, New England Baptist Hospital Boston-USA
111
PREOPERATIVE PHYSIOTHERAPY RELATED TO FASTER RETURN TO PLAY
AFTER SHOULDER ARTHROSCOPY IN OVERHEAD ATHLETES
D. Alaseirlis1, L. Nakou2, L. Stefas1, K. Manavis3, T. Moumtzidelis1,
N. Malliaropoulos4
1
Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, General Hospital of Giannitsa Giannitsa-GREECE, 2Dept
of Neurosurgery, General Hospital Papanikolaou Thessaloniki-GREECE, 3Handball
Hellenic Federation Thessaloniki-GREECE, 4National Track and Field Center
Thessaloniki-GREECE
112
AYURVEDIC COMBINATION ADVANCED INTEGRATED TREATMENT APPROACH
IN MANGEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF ACUTE AND CHRONIC SPORTS
INJURIES
P. Arshad, N. Sabna
Daisman Ayurkendra, Integrated Sports Medicine & Nutrition Research Centre
Kondotty, Kerala-INDIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
31
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
113
BACK TO SPORT AFTER CARDIAC SURGERY
D. Di Mattia1, A. Mangini2, A. Cialfi3, M. Contino2, C. Romagnoni2, C. Antona2
1
FMSI, Istituto di Medicina dello Sport, Università degli Studi di Milano, Ospedale
Luigi Sacco, Divisione di Cardiochirurgia Milan-ITALY, 2Università degli Studi di
Milano, Ospedale Luigi Sacco, Divisione di Cardiochirurgia Milan-ITALY, 3Università
degli Studi di Milano, Ospedale Luigi Sacco, Divisione di Cardiologia Milan-ITALY
114
POST-SURGICAL EVOLUTION AND PERFORMANCE OF THE VENEZUELAN
NATIONAL GYMNASTS TEAM 2010-2012
A. Escobar1, T. Pena2, L. Bustamante2, R. Alvarenga2
1
115
Unidad de Rehabilitacion Maracay-VENEZUELA, 2Mindeporte Caracas-VENEZUELA
FUNCTIONAL AND NATURAL THERAPY IN REHABILITATION
G. Iachelli
ASP Ragusa-ITALY
116
SONOGRAPHY IN ACHILLES TENDINOPATHY: WHAT’S THE PROGNOSIS?
B. Kumar
London Deanery London-UNITED KINGDOM
117
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN RISK FACTOR WITH BLOOD PRESSURE IN YOUNG
ATHLETES OF BOTH SEXES
C. Cavina Varela, G. Cointry, C. Cuesta
Meds Sports Medicine Rosario-ARGENTINA
118
AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM ALTERATIONS AND INCREASED SEDENTARY
TIME IN YOUNG OVERWEIGHT SOCCER PLAYERS
G. De Giacomi3, F. Tosi3, F. Gervasi3, R. Sala3, A. Solbiati3, C. Vigo3,
M. Malacarne2, S. Respizzi1, M. Pagani3, D. Lucini3
1
Rehabilitation Department, IRCCS, Istituto Clinico Humanitas Milan-ITALY, 2Centro
Terapia Neurovegetativa University of Milan Milan-ITALY, 3School of Sport Medicine,
University of Milan Milan-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
32
119
THURSDAY
september
27
BIOCHEMICAL MARKERS IN OPEN WATER MEXICAN SWIMMERS
A. Del Villar Morales, A. Pegueros Perez
Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitacion Mexico-MEXICO
120
INCIDENCE OF INJURY IN POWER-LIFTERS AND STRONGMEN
E. Hodzovic1, B. Hickey2, P. Hak2
1
Royal Glamorgan Hospital Cardiff-UNITED KINGDOM, 2Morriston Hospial SwanseaUNITED KINGDOM
121
DOES THE AEROBIC TRAINING AND THE EXPERIENCE IN HARNESS USE
INFLUENCE THE ONSET OF SUSPENSION TRAUMA?
F. Lanfranconi, L. Pollastri, M. Bartesaghi, V. Scotti, M. Novarina,
C. Molteni, H.Vergani, G. Miserocchi
Department of Experimental Medicine, Laboratory of Clinical Physiology and Sport
Medicine, University of Milano-Bicocca Monza-ITALY
122
DETERMINATION AND COMPARISON OF BODY FAT PERCENTAGE AND BODY
MASS INDEX IN TWO MEXICAN SCHOOL POPULATIONS WITH DIFFERENT
LEVEL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
H. Martinez Melendez1, L. Tiznado Peña2, A. Pegueros Pérez3,
C. Ibarra Ponce De Leon4
1
Mexican Sports Comition MEXICO, 2Mexican Sports Comition MEXICO, 3National
Institute of Rehabilitation MEXICO, 4National Institute of Rehabilitation MEXICO
123
NITTOLI SKIP TEST
C. Nittoli
Centro Fisiosport Macerata-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
33
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
124
NASAL CARRIER OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN AMERICAN FOOTBALL,
RUGBY, JUDO ATHLETES
K. Suzuki1, K. Gouchi2, T. Shimazaki3, S. Kiryu4, T. Masuchi5, T. Furukawa3,
K. Masuchi4, T. Matsumoto2, H. Okada4, K. Yamaguchi4, A. Nakagawa3,
K. Komata4, K. Tagami1
1
Laboratory of Exercise and Environmental Health, Faculty of Health and Sports
Sciences, University of Tsukuba Tsukuba-JAPAN, 2Laboratory of Coaching Study Faculty
of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba Tsukuba-JAPAN, 3Laboratory of
Rugby Coaching Study, Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Tsukuba-JAPAN, 4Laboratory of Judo Coaching Study, Faculty of Health and Sports
Sciences, University of Tsukuba Tsukuba-JAPAN, 5Sports Research and Development
Division Core, University of Tsukuba Tsukuba-JAPAN
125
THE EFFECTS OF TRAINING, DETRAINING AND RETRAINING ON BLOOD
PARAOXONASE AND ARYLESTERASE ACTIVITIES IN CHILD SWIMMERS
F. Turgay, M. Ongun, M. Colakoglu
Ege University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Sports Izmir-TURKEY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
34
THURSDAY
september
27
POSTER SESSION 4 15.00-16.00
Chairmen: G. Scarficcia (ITALY); G. Bini (ITALY)
126
INCIDENCE AND PROGNOSTICATORS FOR INJURIES IN BELGIAN SOCCER
PLAYERS: EVOLUTION OVER THE PAST DECADE
L. Vanlommel, P. Bollars, S. Claes, J. Bellemans, K. Corten
University Pellenberg Leuven-BELGIUM
127
ANABOLIC STEROIDS AND ILLICIT DRUG ABUSE AMONG MALE
BODYBUILDERS IN TEHRAN GYMS
H. Angoorani
Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran-IRAN
128
RISK FACTOR ASSOCIATE WITH DRUG ABUSE AMONG UNIVERSITY
STUDENTS
A. Kashi1, Z. Sarlak2, H. Sadeghian3, M. Akbarpour3, K. Alavi3, M. Sarlak4
1
Sport Sciences Research Institude of Ministry of Science, Research & Technology of
Iran Tehran-IRAN, 2Islamic Azad University of Khodabandeh Branch KhodabandehIRAN, 3University of Gom Gom-IRAN, 4Islamic Azad University Ahwaz Branch
Ahwaz-IRAN
129
TADALAFIL AND PITUITARY-ADRENAL ADAPTATION TO EXERCISE
P. Sgro’1, L. Guidetti1, C. Baldari1, M.C. Gallotta1, A. Lenzi2, L. Di Luigi1
1
2
130
Department of Health Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY,
Department of Experimental Medicine Sapienza, University of Rome Rome-ITALY
DOPING BETWEEN BODY AND MIND: TWO STUDIES OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE
IN ITALIAN ATHLETES
C. Villosio, F.E. Cerutti, F. Candela
Centro Provinciale di Medicina dello Sport Città di Cuneo Cuneo-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
35
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
131
MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING IN A MALE PROFESSIONAL ATHLETE
V. Di Legge1, C. Graci1, F. Burchi2, M. Magli2, S. Pierotti3, D. Faraggiana3
1
132
FMSI, AC Pisa 1909 Pisa-ITALY, 2AC Pisa 1909 Pisa-ITALY, 3FMSI Pisa-ITALY
EFFECT OF RECOVERY MODE (PASSIVE VS. ACTIVE) DURING INTERVAL
TRAINING ON PLASMA CATECHOLAMINE RESPONSES TO MAXIMAL
EXERCISE IN ADULT MALE SUBJECTS
B. Abderraouf2,3,4, J. Prioux2, O. Ben Ounis1,4, A. Bouslama5, K. Chamari3,4,
Z. Tabka1, H. Zouhal2
1
Laboratoire des Adaptations Cardio-Circulatoires, Respiratoires, Métaboliques et
Hormonales à l’Exercice Muscolaire Sousse-Tunisia, 2Movement, Sport and Health
Sciences Laboratory, Rennes 2 University, Cachan-FRANCE, 3Laboratory Evaluation,
Sport, Health, National Center of Medicine & Science in Sport, CNMSS Tunis-TUNISIA,
4
Institut Supérieur du Sport et de l’Education Physique, Ksar Saîd, University of
Manouba, TUNISIA, 5Laboratoire de Biochimie Unité de Recherche MSP UR 28/04
Facteurs de Risque Cardiovasculaire Hopital Universitaire Sahloul-TUNISIA
133
ROLE OF LACTATE INCREASE IN GRADED TREADMILL TEST OF HIGHLY
TRAINED SUBJECTS
C. Ahlgrim, S. Prettin, K. Röcker
Medical Clinic, Department of Rehabilitative and Preventive Sports Medicine,
University of Freiburg Freiburg-GERMANY
134
INVESTIGATION OF DIFFERENT PERFORMANCE RELATED VARIABLES AND
METHODS IN ROWERS
F. Akca1, K. Gokdemir2, C. Akalan1
1
Ankara University, Health Sciences Institute, School of Physical Education and Sport
Ankara-TURKEY, 2Gazi University, Health Sciences Institute, School of Physical
Education and Sport Ankara-TURKEY
135
IDENTIFICATION OF A VO2 DEFLECTION POINT COINCIDING WITH THE
HEART RATE DEFLECTION POINT IN PROFESSIONAL RUGBY PLAYERS
E. Bernardi, G. Grossi, F. Terranova, G. Mazzoni, S. Uliari, G. Grazzi
Biomedical Sport Studies Center, University of Ferrara Ferrara-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
36
136
THURSDAY
september
27
RESPIRATORY MUSCLE ENDURANCE TRAINING (RMET) WITH
NORMOCAPNIC HYPERPNEA (NH) IMPROVES VENTILATORY FUNCTION
AND EXERCISE PERFORMANCE IN TRIATHLETES
E. Bernardi, E. Melloni, M. Mandolesi, L. Pomidori, A. Cogo
Biomedical Sport Studies Center Ferrara-ITALY
137
ENERGY COST OF ELITE SOCCER PLAYERS BEFORE AND DURING SEASON
A. Buglione1,2, P.E. di Prampero3
1
Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Corso di Laurea in
Scienze Motorie, Rome-ITALY, 2Università Telematica San Raffaele, Facoltà Scienze
Motorie, Rome-ITALY, 3Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biomediche, Università di
Udine, Udine-ITALY
138
PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOMECHANICAL PROFILES OF ELITE AND SUB
ELITE ITALIAN HOCKEY PLAYERS
A. Buglione1,2, R. Milia2,3, G.M. Migliaccio4, G. Granatelli1, S. D’Ottavio1,
B. Ruscello1,2
1
Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Corso di
Laurea in Scienze Motorie Rome-ITALY, 2Federazione Italiana Hockey Rome-ITALY,
3
Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Corso di Laurea in
Scienze delle Attività Motorie Cagliari-ITALY, 4CONI Sardegna Cagliari-ITALY
139
ATHLETE’S HEART AND ATHLETE’S ARTERY
A. Castagna1, C. Ruberto2, G. Attisani3
1
AUSL di Modena UO Cure Primarie Pavullo Nel Frignano (MO)-ITALY, 2Università degli
Studi Magna Graecia Catanzaro-ITALY, 3Centro Medico FISIOS Ravenna-ITALY
140
ONE-LEGGED (DOMINANT AND NONDOMINANT) POSTURAL CONTROL IN
YOUNG AND EXPERT FOOTBALLERS
A. Cattozzo1, E. Castellini2, G. Mascherini1, G. Galanti1
1
Sports Medicine Center, University of Florence Florence-ITALY, 2Football Training and
Biomechanics Lab, Italian Football Federation (FIGC), Technical Department FlorenceITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
37
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
141
INFLUENCES OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM ON POSTURAL BALANCE CONTROL IN
ELITE ITALIAN SOCCER PLAYERS
A. Cattozzo1, E. Castellini2, G. Galanti1
1
Sports Medicine Center, University of Florence Florence-ITALY, 2Football Training and
Biomechanics Lab, Italian Football Federation (FIGC), Technical Department FlorenceITALY
142
ANAEROBIC POWER AND CAPACITY BETWEEN PWBYING POSITIONS IN
SOCCER PLAYERS
T. Cetolin, V. Foza, J. Fernandes Da Silva, L.G. Antonacci Guglielmo
Federal University of Santa Catarina Florianópolis-BRAZIL
143
PHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE PREDICTORS OF ONE-HOUR RUNNING
PERFORMANCE
C. Chryssanthopoulos1, E. Zacharogiannis1, G. Paradisis1, A. Travlos2,
C. Ziaras1, C. Tsolakis1, V. Ioannidi1, M. Maridaki1
1
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Athens AthensGREECE, 2Department of Sport Management, University of Peloponnese Sparti-GREECE
144
THE INTRODUCTION OF PROFESSIONALISM IN PORTUGUESE RUGBY TEAMS
– FIRST STEPS?
A. Cruz Ferreira1, C.A. Fontes Ribeiro2
1
145
UCSPM Mealhada-PORTUGAL, 2FMUC Coimbra-PORTUGAL
ANTHROPOMETRIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF PORTUGUESE
RUGBY PLAYERS
A. Cruz Ferreira1, C.A. Fontes Ribeiro2
1
UCSP Mealhada Mealhada-PORTUGAL, 2Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de
Coimbra Coimbra-PORTUGAL
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
38
146
THURSDAY
september
27
THE EFFECTS OF INTENSIVE TRAINING ON LEFT VENTRICULAR MASS AND
ON FAT-FREE MASS IN PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL PLAYERS
F. D’Ascenzi1, M. Cameli1, M. Lisi1, B.M. Natali1, V. Zaca’1, A. Giorgi2,
G. D’Urbano2, S. Catanese2, F. Angelini2, M. Bonifazi3, A. Causarano2,
S. Mondillo1
1
Department of Cardiovacular Diseases, University of Siena Siena-ITALY, 2Staff Siena
Football Club Siena-ITALY, 3Department of Neurological, Neurosurgical and
Behavioural Sciences, University of Siena Siena-ITALY
147
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRAINING AND PERFORMANCE IS MEDIATED BY
PSYCHOBIOSOCIAL STATES
S. Di Fronso1,2, M. Bertollo1,3, P. Ripari2,4
1
Behavioral Imaging and Neural Dinamics Center Chieti-ITALY, 2Dipartimento di Scienze
Biomediche Chieti-ITALY, 3Dipartimento di Medicina e Scienze dell’Invecchiamento
Chieti-ITALY, 4Centro Universitario di Medicina dello Sport Chieti-ITALY
148
STRATEGIES OF NEUROMUSCULAR CONTROL IN SUBJECTS ESPECIALLY
TRAINED TO THE ISOMETRIC CONTRACTIONS - THE PHYSIOLOGY OF HIKING
F. Faiola1,2, L. Fattorini1, M. Bernardi1, M. Marchetti1
1
School of Specialization in Sports Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, RomeITALY, 2Italian Federation of Sports Medicine, FMSI Rome-ITALY
149
THE INFLUENCE OF SOMATHOTYPE ON THE CHANGES OF BODY
COMPOSITION, STRENGHT OF LEGS AND ANAEROBIC TRESHOLD OF
SOCCER PLAYERS AGED 15-17 YEARS
E. Handziska1, Z. Handziski2, M. Milenkova2
1
Institute of Physiology, Medical Faculty, Un.st. Kiril and Metodij Skopje-FORMER
YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA, 2Pzu Kineticus-Sports Medicine and Exercise
Science Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
150
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BODY COMPOSITION, FLEXIBILITY, MUSCULAR
STRENGTH AND MUSCULAR ENDURANCE BETWEEN BODYBUILDERS AND
POWER LIFTERS
A. Kaukab
Faculty, Physical Education Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals
SAUDI ARABIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
39
t h u r s d a y, 2 7
151
AGE RELATED DIFFERENCES IN SPRINT PERFORMANCE OF TURKISH
SOCCER REFEREES
A. Kin Isler, E. Ozdamar, A. Yilmaz
Basket University Department of Sport Sciences Ankara-TURKEY
152
THE ROLE OF SITUATIONAL VARIABLES IN ANALYSING PHYSICAL
PERFORMANCE IN ELITE SOCCER
C. Lago Peñas
University of Vigo Pontevedra-SPAIN
153
COMPARISON TO THE SPECIFICATION OF OFFICIAL BASEBALL AMONG
DIFFERENT AGE LEAGUES
C. Liu, W. Yang
Graduate Institute of Sports Equipment Technology, Taipei Physical Education College
Taipei-TAIWAN
154
MAXIMAL OXIGEN CONSUMPTION(V’O2MAX)IN PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL
PLAYERS: A 10 YEARS OBSERVATION
D. Manari1, D. Ancelotti2, G. Venturati, R. Casellato, N. Prandelli, D. Morelli1,
A. Anedda2, M. Manara
1
155
Sport Monitoring Service Reggio Emilia-ITALY, 2University of Parma Parma-ITALY
RELIABILITY OF FUNCTIONAL EVALUATION TESTS TO PREDICT
PERFORMANCE DURING IRONMAN COMPETITION
E. Marongiu, F. Tocco, M. Pinna, A. Crisafulli, A. Concu
Sport Physiology Lab., University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY
156
THE COMPARISON OF SOCCER PERFORMANCE AFTER A REGULAR SEASON
G. Mascherini, L. Stefani, A. Cattozzo, G. Galanti
Agenzia di Medicina dello Sport e dell’Esercizio Florence-ITALY
157
ECHODOPPLERCARDIOGRAPHY, BICYCLE STRESS TESTING AND PAIRED
TROPONINS I IN DIAGNOSIS OF METABOLIC CARDYOMYOPATHY IN
SPORTSMEN
E. Mikhalyuk, V. Syvolap
Zaporozhye State Medical University Zaporozhye-UKRAINE
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
40
158
THURSDAY
september
27
INDEX OF FUNCTIONAL STATUS OF ATHLETES
E. Mikhalyuk, V. Syvolap
Zaporozhye State Medical University Zaporozhye-UKRAINE
159
VARIATIONS OF MAXIMUN VO2 AND OF CARDIAC RECOVERY OF FEMALE
VENEZUELAN SOFTBALL PLAYERS
T. Peña Delgado1, J. Siret Alfonso2, L. Aquino3
1
Ministerio del Poder Popular Para el Deporte Caracas-VENEZUELA, 2Instituto de
Medicina del Deporte Matanza-CUBA, 3Ministerio del Poder Popular Para el Deporte
Caracas-VENEZUELA
160
EVALUATION OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRUNK MUSCLES ENDURANCE
AND STATIC BALANCE IN MALE STUDENTS OF TEHRAN UNIVERSITY
A. Safar Cherati1, A. Barati2, A. Aghayari2, F. Azizi2
1
Sports Medicine Department Rasoul Akram Hospital, Tehran University of Medical
Science Tehran-IRAN, 2Shahid Rajaee Physical Education University Tehran-IRAN
161
ESTIMATE OF THE MAXIMUM BLOOD LACTATE FROM THE RESULT IN THE
WINGATE TEST
J. Subiela, R. Uribe, J. Rojas
Instituto Nacional de Deporte Caracas-VENEZUELA
162
SPORT-SPECIFIC DIFFERENCES IN PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF
PREPUBESCENT BOYS
A. Theos, A. Moustogiannis, G. Tsigganos, C. Chryssanthopoulos, M. Maridaki
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Athens Athens-GREECE
163
INSPIRATORY MUSCLE TRAINING IN YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS:
PRELIMINARY EVALUATION
E. Tranchita1,2, F. Quaranta1, F. Desantis1,2, L. Musumeci1, M. Squeo1,2,
V. De Luca1, C. Cerulli1, A. Parisi1
1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 2School
of Specialization in Sport Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
41
thursday, 27 september
164
ACUTE EFFECTS OF TWO DIFFERENT WARM-UP PROTOCOLS ON FLEXIBILITY
AND LOWER LIMB EXPLOSIVE PERFORMANCE IN ELITE FENCERS
C. Tsolakis, G.C. Bogdanis
University of Athens, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science Athens-GREECE
165
OXIDATIVE STRESS RESPONSE TO EQUAL CONTINUOUS MODERATEINTENSITY VS HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING LOAD IN MASTER
ATHLETES
A. Vezzoli1, M. Marzorati1, S. Porcelli1,2, L. Pugliese3, P. Cerretelli1
1
Institute of Bioimaging and Molecular Physiology, CNR Segrate (MI)-ITALY, 2San
Raffaele Telematic University Rome-ITALY, 3Department of Sport, Nutrition and Health
Sciences, University of Milan Milan-ITALY
166
PERFORMANCE IN FORMULA ONE
D. Zaccaria, R. Ceccarelli, E. Ungaro
Scuderia Toro Rosso, F1 Professional Racing Team Medical Staff Faenza (RA)-ITALY
167
LACTATE TEST VALUE IN YOUNG MALE ROAD CYCLISTS
D. Zaccaria, M. Tornaghi
Sports Medicine and Exercise, Cab Polidiagnostico Barzanò (LC)-ITALY
168
FORCE-VELOCITY AND POWER-VELOCITY RELATIONSHIP DURING CHEST
PRESSES ON STABLE AND UNSTABLE SURFACE
E. Zemkova, D. Hamar
Department of Sports Kinanthropology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport,
Comenius University Bratislava-SLOVAK REPUBLIC
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
42
friday, 28 september
POSTER SESSION 1 14.30-15.30
Chairmen: R.A. Robles Cabrera (GUATEMALA); A. Bonetti (ITALY)
STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL CARDIAC RESPONSE AT ATHLETES
M. Calina1, D. Enescu-Bieru1, E. Lica1, V. Dinu2, M. Dragomir1
FRIDAY
001
1
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Craiova, University of Craiova CraiovaROMANIA, 2Polyclinic of Sports Medicine, Emergency Clinical Hospital Craiova
Craiova-ROMANIA
002
28
EFFECT OF SPORT-THERAPY: SNOW-ADAPTED PHISICAL ACTIVITY IN
WHELL-CHAIR INVALIDS
D. Carlucci1,2, B. Visconti2, F. Bonaccorso2, A. Damiolini2, L. Vitali2,
M. Vitale1, V. Coiro1
1
Graduate School in Physical Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Parma, ParmaITALY, 2INAIL Brescia-ITALY
003
THE “MUOVITI” PROJECT: CARDIO-PULMONARY AND STRENGHT TRAINING
IN ELDERLY BASED ON INDIVIDUAL HEALTH STATUS
G. Corna, F. Lanfranconi, D. Tenderini, M. Ronchi, L. Pollastri,
M. Bartesaghi, M.Novarina, G. Miserocchi
Department of Experimental Medicine, Laboratory of Clinical Physiology and Sport
Medicine Monza-ITALY
004
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FEMALE ATHLETES BODY COMPOSITION OF
COMBAT SKILLS IN VENEZUELAN
M. Marelia E Guillen Mujica
Ministerio del Deporte de Venezuela Caracas-VENEZUELA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
43
f r i d a y, 2 8
005
EFFECTS OF A MAXIMAL EXERCISE TEST ON CROSS SECTIONAL AREA OF
LUMBAR MULTIFIDUS: A COMPARISON BETWEEN MOUNTAIN BIKERS WITH
AND WITHOUT LOW BACK PAIN
M. Ansari, P. Noormohammadpour, R. Kordi
Sports Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran-IRAN
006
EFFECT OF ALCOHOL ON QT INTERVAL IN YOUNG ITALIAN SOCCER
PLAYERS
G. Attisani1, I. Attisani2, T. Di Gregorio3, C. Ruberto4, A. Castagna5
1
Centro Medico FISIOS Srl Ravenna-ITALY, 2Studio Medico Attisani Locri-ITALY,
Azienda Ospedaliera per l’ Emergenza Cannizzaro Catania-ITALY, 4Università degli
Studi Magna Graecia Catanzaro-ITALY, 5AUSL di Modena, UO Cure Primarie Pavullo nel
Frignano (MO)-ITALY
3
007
CORRELATION BETWEEN PULSE PRESSURE VALUES AND YEARS OF
PRACTICE IN COMPETITIVE SOCCER
G. Attisani1, A. Castagna2
1
Centro Medico FISIOS Ravenna-ITALY, 2AUSL di Modena, UO Cure Primarie Pavullo nel
Frignano (MO)-ITALY
008
IMPACT OF RULES CHANGES ON KIND OF VERDICTS IN THE LAST 60
YEARS OF AMATEUR BOXING
M. Bianco1, G. Daniele1, F. Giorgiano1, V. Palmieri1, M. Faina2, P. Zeppilli1
1
Institute of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, Sports Medicine Unit, Catholic
University Rome-ITALY, 2Study and Research Commission, Italian Boxing Federation
Rome-ITALY
009
A CASE REPORT OF ACUTE MIO-PERICARDITIS MIMICKING A STEMI IN
ÈLITE CYCLIST: PITFALLS IN DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
M. Bolognesi, D. Bolognesi
Sports Cardiology Center Medicine Cesena-ITALY
010
SPORT’S RELATED ANTERIOR ILIAC SPINES FRACTURES IN THE
ADOLESCENT: SURGICAL AND CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT
F. Calderazzi, F. Pogliacomi, M. Paterlini, T. Corsini, F. Ceccarelli
Orthopaedic Clinic Parma University, Hospital Parma-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
44
september
011
INFLAMMATORY MYOPATHY AS AN UNUSUAL CASE OF BICEPS BRACHII
SHORT HEAD RUPTURE
M. Chung1, S. Im2
1
The Catholic University of Korea, St. Paul’s Hospital Seoul-SOUTH KOREA, 2The
Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon St. Mary’s Hospital Bucheon-SI-SOUTH KOREA
VARIATION IN THE STEP LENGTH DURING BACKWARD WALKING AFTER
ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT DEFICIENCY
K. Corona, D. Viggiano, S. Cerciello, M. Vasso, A. Schiavone Panni
FRIDAY
012
Department of Health Sciences, Università del Molise Campobasso-ITALY
013
28
FEATURES NEUROLOGICAL SYMPTOMS IN BOXERS WITH TRAUMATIC
BRAIN INJURY
I. Dekhtiarov1, A. Muravskiy2, S. Kolossovskiy3
1
Ukrainian Center of Sport Medicine Kyiv-UKRAINE, 2National Medical Academy of
Postgraduate Education Named P.L.Shupik Kyiv-UKRAINE, 3Boxing Federation of
Ukraine Kyiv-UKRAINE
014
TREATMENT OF HIP OSTEOARTHRITIS WITH ULTRASOUND-GUIDED
INJECTION OF A NEW HYALURONIC ACID (HYMOVIS-HYADD4): OUR
EXPERIENCE AND PRELIMINARY RESULTS
G. Francavilla
Policlinico Paolo Giaccone Palermo-ITALY, Ospedale S.Antonio Abate Trapani-ITALY
015
INTRATENDINOUS DISTRIBUTION OF ACHILLES TENDINOSIS
L. Geukens, M. Bultheel, K. Peers
UZ Leuven Leuven-BELGIUM
016
CHRONIC EXERTIONAL COMPARTMENT SYNDROME OF THE FOREARM
M. Henriques
Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Lisboa-PORTUGAL
of SPORTS MEDICINE
45
f r i d a y, 2 8
018
LABORATORY PARAMETERS RELATED TO DIFFERENT SPORTS IN YOUNG
SPORT PLAYERS
I. Karagjozova, B. Dejanova, J. Pluncevic, S. Petrovska, N. Nikolovska,
S. Nikolic
Institute of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University Ss. Cyril and Methodius SkopjeFORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
019
INDIRECT ULTRASOUND GUIDANCE INCREASED ACCURACY OF THE
GLENOHUMERAL JOINT INJECTION USING THE SUPERIOR APPROACH
D. Park, J. Kim, M. Kim
The Catholic University of Korea Seoul-SOUTH KOREA
020
SERUM INSULIN, IGF-1 AND GHRELIN IN YOUNG FEMALE FREE-STYLE
WRESTLING ATHLETES
H. Li1, Z. Wang1, Y. Yang2
1
Sport Science College, Beijing Sport University Beijing-CHINA, 2Peking University
Health Science Center Beijing-CHINA
021
CYCLOPS SYNDROME
L. Lima1, I. Popik1, P. Casalta1, M.I. Simões1, V. Ermida1, F. Agostinho2,
J. Cardoso2, J. Caldas1
1
Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu, Department of PMR Viseu-PORTUGAL, 2Department
of Orthopedics, Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu, Viseu-PORTUGAL
022
AVOIDING CHRONIC COMPLICATIONS OF THE ANKLE SPRAIN –
DESCRIPTION OF AN EVIDENCE-BASED REHABILITATION PROGRAM
L. Lima1, I. Popik1, P. Casalta1, M.I. Simões1, V. Ermida1, F. Agostinho2,
J. Caldas1
1
Department of PMR Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu Viseu-PORTUGAL, 2Department of
Orthopedics, Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu, Viseu-PORTUGAL
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
46
september
023
ACUTE ORBITAL COMPARTMENT SYNDROME: A RARE BUT THREATENING
SEQUELAE OF SPORT INJURY
E. Magaudda1, I. Varley2, A. Kanatas3, L.M. Carter3, F.S. De Ponte1
1
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Messina Messina-ITALY,
Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Bradford Teaching Hospital BradfordUNITED KINGDOM, 3Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Leeds Dental Institute
Leeds-UNITED KINGDOM
024
FRIDAY
2
THE USE OF THE ORCHARD SPORTS INJURY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
(OSICS) VERSION 10.1 WITHIN A MILITARY SPORTS MEDICINE CLINIC
K. Micallef Stafrace1, T. Loney2, M. Al Shehhi3
1
Institute for Physical Education & Sport, University of Malta Msida-MALTA,
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United
Arab Emirates University Al Ain-UNITED ARAB EMIRATES, 3Sheikha Fatima Women
Sports Academy Abu Dhabi-UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
2
025
ACUTE BRIEF HIGH-INTENSITY INTERMITTENT EXERCISE INCREASES QTC
INTERVAL IN OBESE ADULTS
J. Nie, Q. Shi, C.K. Lao
School of Physical Education and Sports, Macao Polytechnic Institute Macao-MACAU
026
FAST-ECHO METHOD FOR SCREENING AORTIC BICUSPID VALVE IN
COMPETITIVE ATHLETES: OBSERVATIONS OF A SPORTS MEDICINE CENTRE
G. Saba, G. Boni
Sports Medicine Center Foligno (PG)-ITALY
027
BLOOD PRESSURE RESPONSE TO PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN CHILDREN
PARTICIPATING IN DIFFERENT SPORT DISCIPLINES
K. Szmigielska1, A. Szmigielska-Kaplon2, A. Jegier1
1
2
Department of Sports Medicine, Medical University of Lodz Lodz-POLAND,
Department of Hematology, Medical University of Lodz Lodz-POLAND
of SPORTS MEDICINE
47
28
f r i d a y, 2 8
028
THE MEDICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL NEEDS OF HAITIAN PAN AMERICAN
AND OLYMPIC ATHLETES: AN OPPORTUNITY TO SUPPORT RESILIENCE
AFTER A DISASTER
E. Yim1, G. Ciottone2
1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, BostonUSA, 2Section of Disaster Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston-USA
029
THE KINEMATICS OF ANATOMICAL SINGLE-BUNDLE AND DOUBLE-BUNDLE
ACL RECONSTRUCTION IN MEDIAL MENISCUS-DEFICIENT KNEES
J. Zhou1, M. Linde-Rosen2, P. Somolinski2, G. Li2, F.H. Fu1
1
National Insititute of Sports Medicine Beijing-CHINA, 2Department of Orthopaedic
Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh-USA
030
NON INVASIVE CARDIOVASCULAR SCREENING OF COMPETITIVE ATHLETES
BY AUTOMATED MEASUREMENT OF CAROTID ARTERIAL WALLS CHANGES
M. Mokhtari Dizaji
Tarbiat Modares University Tehran-IRAN
031
MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AND ERGONOMIC STATUS IN ISFAHAN’S
TEACHERS
M. Afzalpour1, S. Ilbeigi1, G. Ghasemi2
1
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Birjand BirjandIRAN, 2Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan
Isfahan-IRAN
032
ADHERENCE TO CARDIAC REHABILITATION
F. Albuquerque Drummond1, G. Rosito1,2, M. Vanoni1, H. Pinheiro1,
D. Soares1, T. Theves1, L. Dias1
1
2
033
Integrated Center of Exercise Medicine, Hosp. Mãe de Deus Porto Alegre-BRAZIL,
Universidade das Ciências da Saúde, UFCSPA Porto Alegre-BRAZIL
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN EPILEPSY, IMPORTANCE OF PATIENT`S KNOWLEDGE
F. Ataei, A. Reisi, A. Tabatabaee, G. Pournazari, N. Saba
Shariati Hospital, Social Security Organisation Isfahan-IRAN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
48
september
034
BARIERS TO EXERCISE IN DIABATIC PATIENTS
F. Ataei, A. Tanhaei, N. Fakhari, A. Jafartaiari, S. Farhangpajouh, N. Saba
Shariati Hospital, Social Security Organization Isfahan-IRAN
ACUTE EFFECTS ON CHANGE OF HEART RATE OF A GROUP OF PREDIABETIC SUBJECTS UNDERWENT OF A COMBINED STRENGTH AND
AEROBIC TRAINING PROGRAM
G. Attene1, G. Satta2, G.C. Steri2, S. Santus2, F. Velluzzi3, L. Cugusi1,
M. Massidda1
FRIDAY
035
28
1
University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2SISP ASL8 Cagliari-ITALY, 3UO Obesità
Dipartimento Scienze Mediche Mario Aresu, Università di Cagliari, Cagliari-ITALY
036
A COUPLED INDIRECT CALORIMETRY TO ERGOMETRIS TEST FOR OPTIMAL
EXERCISE PRESCRIPTION IN SEVERE OBESITY WITH ASSOCIATED CARDIAC
DISEASE
G. Battistini
Villa Igiea Hospital Forlì-ITALY
037
FAIR STABILITY OVER TIME OF THE LEVEL OF MAXIMAL LIPID OXIDATION
AT EXERCISE
J. Brun, A. Romain, M. Guiraudou, C. Fedou, J. Mercier
INSERM U1046 Montpellier-FRANCE
038
IMPAIRED ENERGY EXPENDITURE DESPITE NORMAL CARDIOVASCULAR
CAPACITY IN TYPE 1 DIABETES PREPUBERTAL CHILDREN
G. Cafiero1, D. Fintini1, B. Di Giacinto2, A. Turchetta1, U. Giordano1,
M. Cappa3, A. Pelliccia2, A. Calzolari1
1
Cardiorespiratory and Sport Medicine Unit, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, IRCCS
Rome-ITALY, 2Institute of Sport Medicine and Science Rome-ITALY, 3Endocrinology and
Diabetes Unit, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, IRCCS Rome-ITALY
039
THE RHEUMATIC PATIENT : TO PLAY FOOTBALL WITH SPONDYLOATRHRITIS
M. Conforti
INAIL Milan-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
49
f r i d a y, 2 8
040
THE RHEUMATIC PATIENT AND AGONISTIC CERTIFICATE
M. Conforti, F. Poggioli
Istituto G. Pini Milan-ITALY
041
EFFECTIVENESS OF EXERCISE PROGRAM FOR PATIENTS WITH EARLY KNEE
OSTEOARTHRITIS
K. Corona1, G. Calcagnile1, C. Dentizzi2
1
Comitato Provinciale CONI Campobasso-ITALY, 2Azienda Sanitaria Regionale del
Molise Campobasso-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
50
september
POSTER SESSION 2 14.30-15.30
042
TYPE 2 DIABETES INCIDENCE, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS AND HRQOL IN
A GROUP OF PRE-DIABETIC AND OVERWEIGHT SUBJECTS
L. Cugusi1,2, G. Satta2, G.C. Steri2, E. Santus2, F. Velluzzi2,3, A. Loviselli2,3,
G. Attene1,2, M. Massidda1,2
1
University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2Hygiene and Public Health Service, ASL8
Cagliari-ITALY, 3Obesity Center, AOU Cagliari-ITALY
043
A STUDY OF MEDICAL STUDENTS’ KNOWLEDGE OF UNITED KINGDOM
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY GUIDELINES
M. Dunlop1, A. Murray2, S. Hillis3
1
Victoria Infirmary Glasgow-UNITED KINGDOM, 2Scottish Government Sport and
Physical Activity Policy Team Edinburgh-UNITED KINGDOM, 3University of Glasgow
Glasgow-UNITED KINGDOM
044
EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL TRAINING ON HEART RATE TURBULENCE AFTER
CORONARY BYPASS GRAFTING
L. Fallavollita1, V. Biasini2, S. Castelli1, E. Santillo1, L. Marini1, F. Balestrini1
1
Istituto di Ricerca a Carattere Scientifico, INRCA Fermo-ITALY, 2Federazione Medicina
dello Sport, L’Aquila-ITALY
045
SPORT THERAPY PRESCRIPTION IN SUBJECTS AFFECTED BY MULTIPLE
SCLEROSIS
E. Guerra, P. Mancini, F. Pigozzi
Università degli Studi di Roma Foro Italico Rome-ITALY
046
IMPLEMENTATION OF A PHYSICAL ACTIVITY VITAL SIGN
E. Joy, M. Briesacher
Intermountain Healthcare Salt Lake City-USA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
51
FRIDAY
Chairmen: L. Magaudda (ITALY); L. Spigolon (ITALY)
28
f r i d a y, 2 8
047
A CASE OF HEART PATHOLOGY IN A CYCLIST
G. Boni1, G. Saba1, S. Notaristefano2, S. Giannini3, M.L. Iocca3, S. Grego3
1
Ambulatorio Medicina dello Sport, FMSI Umbria Foligno-ITALY, 2U.O. Cardiologia Osp.
S. M. della Misericordia Perugia-ITALY, 3Casa di Cura Villa Stuart Rome-ITALY, U.O.C.
Cardiochirurgia Policlinico Tor Vergata Rome-ITALY
048
JUGULAR FORAMEN SYNDROME BY VARICELLA ZOSTER VIRUS INFECTIONA CASE REPORTH. Park, J. Lee, Y. Kim, Y. Ko, H. Kim, S. Hong
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Uijeongbu St.Mary’s Hospital, UijeongbuSOUTH KOREA
049
MOVEMENT IS LIFE INTERVENTION TO INCREMENT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN
THE PREDIABETIC, OVERWEIGHT AN OBESE POPULATION
G. Satta1, S. Santus1, G. Attene2, L. Cugusi2, M. Massidda2, A. Loviselli2,
G.C. Steri1
1
Servizio Igiene Sanità Pubblica ASL Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2Università di Cagliari
Cagliari-ITALY
050
MODIFICATION IN BODY WATER BALANCE DURING THE EXERCISE AS
PRESCRIPTION PROGRAM
L. Stefani, G. Mascherini, I. Scacciati, G. Galanti
Sports Medicine Center, University of Florence Florence-ITALY
051
FUNCTIONAL ASSESSMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR PERFORMANCE AFTER A
SHORT PERIOD OF EXERCISE AS PRESCRIPTION: EVALUATION BY 6 MINUTE
WALKING TEST
L. Stefani, G. Mascherini, I. Scacciati, G. Galanti
Sports Medicine Center, University of Florence Florence-ITALY
052
THE IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN ARTERIOPATHIC PATIENTS
F. Stio, A. Pulcini, F. Safoue, G. Patrizi, R. Verna
Sapienza Università di Roma Rome-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
52
september
053
THE EFFECT OF HYDRAULIC RESISTANCE CIRCUIT TRAINING WITH
CARDIOVASCULAR ELDERLY IN NEW TAIPEI CITY: A PRELIMINARY
INVESTIGATION
T.C. Lin1, T.Y. Shiang2, C.C. Hong1, M.F. Hsu3, H.L. Chou4, J.Y. Jiang5
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital
Taipei-TAIWAN, 2Graduate Institute of Exercise Science, National Taiwan Normal
University Taipei-TAIWAN, 3Department of Nursing, Oriental Institute of Technology
Taipei-TAIWAN, 4Department of Nuring, Taipei Veterans General Hospital TaipeiTAIWAN, 5Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine,
Far Eastern Memorial Hospital Taipei-TAIWAN
054
THE RELATION BETWEEN BONE MINERAL DENSITY AND CARDIOVASCULAR
FACTORS AMONG IRANIAN FEMALE ATHLETES WITH
AMENORRHEA/OLIGOMENORRHEA
H. Dadgostar1, G. Soleimany2, E. Dadgostar3, S. Lotfian2, M. Moradi Lakeh4,
S. Movaseghi5
1
Sports and Exercise Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences,
Tehran-IRAN, 2Sports Medicine Department, Rasoule Akram Hospital, Tehran University
of Medical Sciences Tehran-IRAN, 3Sports Medicine Federation of Islamic Republic of
Iran Tehran-IRAN, 4Department of Community Medicine, Tehran University of Medical
Sciences, Tehran-IRAN, 5Rhematology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical
Sciences Tehran-IRAN
055
A NEW MEMBER OF THE BRAZILIAN MEDICAL TEAM
T. Parmigiano1, A. Lopes2,3, G. Campos3, J. Grangeiro3, C. Guindalini4,
C. Moreno1, R. Castro5, M. Girao5, M. Cohen1
1
Department of Sports Medicine, Federal University of Sao Paulo Sao Paulo-BRAZIL,
University of the City of Sao Paulo Sao Paulo-BRAZIL, 3Brazilian Olympic Comittee
Rio de Janeiro-BRAZIL, 4Department of Psychobiology, Federal University of Sao Paulo
Sao Paulo-BRAZIL, 5Department of Gynecology, Federal University of Sao Paulo Sao
Paulo-BRAZIL
2
056
RESPONSE OF LEPTIN TO RESISTANCE EXERCISE ORDER AND ITS
CORRELATION WITH TESTOSTERONE HORMON IN OVER WEIGHT MEN
D. Sheikholeslami Vatani, P. Salimi, S. Ghaeini
University of Kurdistan Sanandaj-IRAN
of SPORTS MEDICINE
53
FRIDAY
1
28
f r i d a y, 2 8
057
PRELIMINARY STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF EXERCISE IN QUALITY SEMEN
M. Gomis Bataller1, P. Ibañez2, N. Campillo2, A. Brotons2,3
1
Centro de Investigación del Deporte Universidad Miguel Hernandez Elche-SPAIN,
Clinica in Vitam Centro de Medicina Reproductiva Elche-SPAIN, 3Instituto de
Electroquímica, Universidad de Alicante Alicante-SPAIN
2
058
SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISMS (SNPS) IN NON-CONTACT SOFTTISSUE INJURIES: INFLUENCE ON DEGREE OF INJURY AND RECOVERY
TIME
R. Artells1, R. Pruna2, J. Ribas3, B. Montoro4, F. Cos5, C. Muñoz1, G. Rodas2,
M. Monzo1
1
Unitat d’Anatomia i Embriologia Humana, Fac. Medicina-UB Barcelona-SPAIN,
Serveis Mèdics del FC Barcelona Barcelona-SPAIN, 3Unitat d’Anatomia i Embriologia
Humana i Escola de Medicina de l’esport, Fac. Medicina, UB Barcelona-SPAIN, 4Dpt.
de Farmacia i Tecnologia Farmacèutica, Fac. Farmacia, UB Barcelona-SPAIN, 5INEF,
UB Barcelona-SPAIN
2
059
THE INVESTIGATION OF RELATION BETWEEN ALPINE SKIING SUCCESS AND
ACE, NOS3, HBB GENE POLYMORPHISMS AND EXPRESSION LEVELS
M. Polat1, B. Coksevim2, S. Taheri3, M. Dundar3
1
Department of Phsical Education and Sport, Nigde University, Nigde-TURKEY,
Department of Physiology, Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine, Kayseri-TURKEY,
3
Department of Medical Genetic, Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine, KayseriTURKEY
2
060
PPAR ALPHA GENE VARIATION AND PHISYCAL PERFORMANCE IN ITALIAN
SOCCER PLAYERS
P. Proia1, P. Saladino2, G. Schiera2, V. Contrò1, A. Bianco1, A. Palma1,
M. Traina1
1
DISMOT-Department of Sports Science, University of Palermo, Palermo-ITALY,
STEMBIO-Department of Biotechnology and Molecolar Biology, University of Palermo,
Palermo-ITALY
2
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
54
september
061
MOTIVATE PEOPLE WITH CHRONIC DISEASES TO PERFORM PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY: WORK IN PARTNERSHIP
P. Patroni1, L. Girelli1, M. Calvetti1, P. Rumi2
1
Kinetik Centro Scienze Motorie Rogno (BG)-ITALY, 2Istituto di Medicina dello Sport,
CONI/FMSI Milano Milan-ITALY
MASTER ATHLETES AND CAROTID INTIMA-MEDIA THICKNESS
N. Gori, A. Bartolini, G. Tempesti, G. Anania, G. Galanti, L. Stefani
FRIDAY
062
Azienda Universitaria Ospedaliera Careggi, Agenzia di Medicina dello Sport FlorenceITALY
063
PROTOCOL OF TELEMATIC MONITORING TO EVALUATE THE APPLICABILITY
OF SPECIFIC PROGRAM OF PHYSICAL ACIVITY IN A SCHOLAR POPULATION
TO REDUCE OBESITY
L. Grasso, Z. Lazarevic, C. Sabatini, S. Razzicchia, F. Quaranta, F. Pigozzi,
P. Borrione
Department of Health Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY
064
EFFECTIVENESS OF PHYSICAL EXERCISES FOR REGULATION OF THE
FUNCTIONAL STATE OF ANXIOUS CHILDREN IN AN INITIAL STAGE OF
ADAPTATION TO SCHOOL
I. Krivolapchuck
Department of Physiology of Muscular Activity, Institute of Developmental Physiology
of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow-RUSSIA
065
FOOD AND EXERCISE AT SCHOOL
N. Lombini, L. Zambelli, G. Battistini
AMS-Sports Physicians Association, Forlì-ITALY
066
BODY IMAGE AND PULMONARY FUNCTION IN CHILDREN: ATHLETES AND
NON-ATHLETES
M. Martins, L. Silva, C. Silva
IPS, Sport Sciences School of Rio Maior Rio Maior-PORTUGAL
of SPORTS MEDICINE
55
28
f r i d a y, 2 8
067
THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL WITH AGE AND
GENDER IN PREPUBESCENT CHILDREN
O. Mazzardo1, I. Balen1,2, E. Legnani1,2, R.F.S. Legnani1, R. Guimaraes1,
W. Campos1
1
Department of Physical Education/Capes, Federal University of Parana, CuritibaBRAZIL, 2Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Technology,
Curitiba-BRAZIL
068
PREVALENCE IN OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY HABITS
IN CHILDREN
G. Grazzi, E. Bernardi, F. Terranova, G. Grossi, G. Mazzoni
Biomedical Sport Studies Center, University of Ferrara Ferrara-ITALY
069
METABOLIC SYNDROME PREVALENCE IN AGONISCTIC TEENAGERS
M. Piseri, A. Giacometti, A. Anedda, M. Vanelli, G. Pela’, A. Bonetti
Clinical Science Department, University of Parma, Chair of Sport Medicine, ParmaITALY
070
MOVEMENT IS LIFE INTERVENTIONS ON THE SCHOLASTIC POPULATION OF
MIDDLE SCHOOL
G. Satta1, S. Santus1, F. Loy1, A. Pintore1, A. Puddu1, M. Ziccheddu1,
A. Loviselli3, D. Campus2, R. Masala2, E. Fogarizzu2, G.C. Steri1
1
ASL 8 Servizio Igiene Sanità Cagliari-ITALY, 2Servizio Prevenzione Ass.to Sanità
Cagliari-ITALY, 3AOU Cagliari-ITALY
071
OBESITY AND CLINICAL EXERCISE
G. Battistini, M.L. Petroni, S. Biondi, S. Battistini
Villa Igiea Hospital Forlì-ITALY
072
PREDICTION OF SPORTS INJURIES BY FERNANDEZ-DELA CRUZ’S INDEX
MODELS
J. De La Cruz-Márquez1, J. De La Cruz-Campos1, A. De La Cruz-Campos1,
M. Figueroa1, S. Rodriguez-Ruiz1, B. Cueto-Martin1, M. Campos-Blasco1,
M. García-Jimenez1, E. Garcia-Marmol1, A. Fernandez-Martínez2
1
University of Granada Granada-SPAIN, 2University Pablo de Olavide Sevilla-SPAIN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
56
september
073
PHYSICAL, CARDIOVASCULAR AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT IN
ADOLESCENTS: MECHANISMS OF RISK AND PROTECTION
J. De La Cruz-Márquez, J. De La Cruz-Campos, A. De La Cruz-Campos,
M. Figueroa, S. Rodriguez-Ruiz, B. Cueto-Martin, M. Campos-Blasco,
M. García-Jimenez, E.Garcia-Marmol
University of Granada Granada-SPAIN
THE ACUTE EFFECTS OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC STRETCHING EXERCISES ON
DYNAMIC BALANCE PERFORMANCE
N. Denerel, M. Ergun, C. Islegen, O. Karamizrak, C. Ozgurbuz, O. Yuksel
FRIDAY
074
28
EGE- Sports Medicine Department, University School of Medicine, Izmir-TURKEY
075
INVESTIGATION OF KNEE PAIN AND RANGE OF MOTION BEFORE AND
AFTER SHALLOW WATER EXERCISE IN WOMEN WITH KNEE OA
M. Vesalinaseh1, F. Zamanian2
1
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Tehran University Tehran-IRAN,
Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Islamic Azad University,
Najafabad Branch Najafabad-IRAN
2
076
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS: PRELIMINARY DATA
OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A SUPERVISED TAILORED EXERCISE
PROGRAM ON PATIENT’S EXERCISE CAPACITY AND QUALITY OF LIFE
S.M. Molinari1, G. Gallucci2, M. Sangregorio3, M. De Lisa3, F. Miele4,
M. Canadeo4, I. Cantore4, S. Laurita5
1
IRCCS-Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico-CROB, Centro di Riferimento
Oncologico della Basilicata, Rionero in Vulture (PZ)-ITALY, 2U.O.S. Cardiologia
IRCSS-CROB, Rionero in Vulture (PZ)-ITALY, 3FMSI, Basilicata, Potenza-ITALY
077
EFFECTS OF AN ACUTE RESISTANCE AND AEROBIC EXERCISE SESSION ON
THE ANTIOXIDANT DEFENCE SYSTEM IN HEALTHY MEN
M. Afzalpour1, M. Saghebjoo1, A. Zarban2, M. Jani1
1
Department of Physiacal Education and Sport Sciences, University of Birjand,
Birjand-IRAN, 2Department of Biochemistry, Birjand University of Medical Sciences,
Birjand-IRAN
of SPORTS MEDICINE
57
f r i d a y, 2 8
078
EXPLOSIVE-TYPE OF MODERATE-RESISTANCE TRAINING IN THE ELDERLY:
BIOLOGICAL AND FUNCTIONAL EFFECTS
M. Beltran Valls1, A. Brunelli1, I. Di Mauro1, P. Caserotti2, V. Disalvo1,
E. Ciminelli1, F. Quaranta1, E. Tranchita1, A. Parisi1, D. Caporossi1
1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico, Rome-ITALY,
Department of Sports Sciences and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern
Denmark, Odense-DENMARK
2
079
PLIN2 EXPRESSION IN HUMAN SKELETAL MUSCLE IS ASSOCIATED WITH
INACTIVITY AND AGING
M. Conte1, F. Vasuri2, G. Trisolino3, E. Bellavista1, A. Santoro1,
A. Degiovanni2, E. Martucci3, A. D’errico-grigioni2, A.B. Mayer4, M. Narici5,
S. Salvioli1, C. Franceschi1
1
Dept. of Experimental Pathology and Cig. Interdepartmental Center L. Galvani,
University of Bologna Bologna-ITALY, 2Pathology Unit of the F. Addarii Institute of
Oncology, S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna Bologna-ITALY,
3
Reconstructive Hip and Knee Joint Surgery, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli Bologna-ITALY,
4
Dept. of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Leiden University Medical Center Leiden-THE
NETHERLANDS, 5School of Graduate Entry Medicine and Health, University of
Nottingham Nottingham-UNITED KINGDOM
080
DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS INDUCED BY ECCENTRIC EXERCISE IS
NOT RELATED WITH MUSCLE FIBER SWELLING OR INFLAMMATION
J. Yu1, J. Liu2, L. Carlsson2, L. Thornell2, P. Stål2
1
Depart. Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine Unit, Umeå University
Umeå-SWEDEN, 2Depart. Integrative Medical Biology, Section for Anatomy, Umeå
University Umeå-SWEDEN
081
BEHAVIOR OF BLOOD CREATINFOSFOKINASA LEVELS IN
ULTRAENDURANCE RACING
F. Ramognino, C. Valenti, A. Marincola, A. Mohni, M. Gonzalez, F. Cillo,
G. Fantuzzi, K. Galvan, M. Romano, C. Yche
Hospital General de Agudos J. A. Penna, Consultorio de Actividad Física, Deporte y
Salud Buenos Aires-ARGENTINA
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
58
september
VIBRATION ENERGY AND ISOTONIC EXERCISE:APPROACH TO FUNCTIONAL
RECOVERY AND MUSCLE STRENGTHENING
G. Battistini1, E. Galtieri2, F. Fontana3
1
3
083
Ass. Sports Medicine Forlì-ITALY, 2Private Sport Traumatology Centre Cesena-ITALY,
Medicina Ravenna Sport Traumatology Centre Ravenna-ITALY
PROCESS CAPABILITY IN ARTERIAL OXYHEMOGBLOBIN SATURATION
MEASUREMENT BY PULSE OXIMETRY
J. Beckert1, R. Minhalma2, F. Alves2, N. Neuparth1
1
CEDOC, Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa LisboaPORTUGAL, 2CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa
Lisboa-PORTUGAL
084
ECG POCKET: A WEARABLE DEVICE TO FIND OUT ECG ARRHYTHMIAS
DURING SPORTING ACTIVITIES
D. Di Mattia1, F. Fincati2, M. Audrito3, M.L. Costantino4
1
FMSI, Istituto di Medicina dello Sport, Università degli Studi di Milano, Ospedale
Luigi Sacco, Divisione di Cardiochirurgia Milan-ITALY, 2Gruppo Multimedica Centro di
Medicina dello Sport Larix Milan-ITALY, 3A.B. Biomedical Engineering Carmagnola
(TO)-ITALY, 4Politecnico di Milan, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Strutturale Milan-ITALY
085
ULTRASOUND (US)-GUIDED INTRATENDINOUS INJECTION OF PRP IN
PATELLAR TENDON (PT): PRELIMINARY RESULTS
G. Ferrero1, F. Lacelli2, D. Orlandi1, E. Fabbro1, C. Martini1, V. Prono1,
G. Serafini2
1
Di.M.I. Genoa-ITALY, 2Ospedale Santa Corona Pietra Ligure (SV)-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
59
FRIDAY
082
28
f r i d a y, 2 8
POSTER SESSION 3 14.30-15.30
Chairmen: G. Li (CHINA); F. Agrusti (ITALY)
086
MATCH ANALYSIS AND POSSIBLE IMPLICATIONS ON INJURIES IN
BASKETBALL
G. Mennelli1, P. Benelli1, D. Sisti2, M. Gervasi1, F. Lucertini1, M. Marcolini4,
R. Venerandi3
1
Dipartimento di Scienze Biomolecolari Sezione Scienze Motorie e della Salute
Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo Urbino-ITALY, 2Dipartimento DiSTeVA,
Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo Urbino-ITALY, 3Società Scavolini Siviglia
Basket Pesaro-ITALY, 4Società K-Sport, Montelabbate Pesaro-ITALY
087
PATELLO-FEMORAL CHONDROPATHY TREATED WITH MD-KNEE
TRANSMITTED WITH O2 VS CHONDROITIN SULPHATE
G. Posabella
European Medical Center Pieve di Cento (BO)-ITALY
088
MUSCULAR ENERGETIC METABOLISM IN HEALTHY AND DIABETIC
SUBJECTS DURING THE VISIT TO ASSESS ELIGIBILITY TO COMPETITIVE
SPORT: A MICRODIALYSIS STUDY
G. Puggioni1, M. Pellicano1, A. Pacifico2, M. Scorcu3, S. Suelzu4, P.A. Serra5
1
Fisiokons, Centro di Medicina Sportiva Sassari-ITALY, 2Servizio di Diabetologia,
Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Sassari-ITALY, 3Servizio di Medicina dello Sport ASL
6 Sanluri (VS)-ITALY, 4Dipartimento di Scienze Chirurgiche, Microchirurgiche e
Mediche, Università di Sassari Sassari-ITALY, 5Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e
Sperimentale, Università di Sassari Sassari-ITALY
089
NEED FOR A TOOL: HANDLING PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS
BIOCHEMICAL DATA
G. Tempesti1, A. Bartolini1, N. Gori1, G. Romagnoli2, P. Pezzati3, L. Stefani1,
G. Galanti1
1
3
Sports Medicine Florence-ITALY, 2Engineering Informatic Faculty Florence-ITALY,
General Laboratory Diagnostic Department Florence-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
60
september
090
NUTRITIONAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STATUS OF SYNCHRONIZED
SWIMMERS
M. Andjelkovic, I. Baralic, T. Antic, N. Dikic, M. Vukasinovic Vesic, D. Curcic
Sport Medicine Association of Serbia Belgrade-SERBIA
091
ASPECTS OF BODY COMPOSITION AT PROFESSIONAL SPORTSMEN
M. Calina1, D. Enescu-Bieru1, E. Lica1, V. Dinu2, M. Dragomir1
1
092
FRIDAY
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Craiova, University of Craiova CraiovaROMANIA, 2Polyclinic of Sports Medicine, Emergency Clinical Hospital Craiova
Craiova-ROMANIA
28
BODY COMPOSITION IN ITALIAN PREMIER LEAGUE OUTFIELD SOCCER
PLAYERS: INFLUENCE OF PLAYING POSITION
P. Ferrari1, G. Corradini1, F. De Vita1, F. Zamboni2, M. Meneghello2,
P. Bruzzone2, C. Milanese3, M. Ferrari2
1
Chievo Verona Football Club Verona-ITALY, 2School of Sports Medicine, University of
Verona Verona-ITALY, 3Faculty of Motor Sciences, University of Verona Verona-ITALY
093
ALOE VERA EXTRACT COMPLEX REDUCES BODY FAT MASS AND INCREASES
LEAN BODY MASS
M. Han, H. Choi, S. Kim, B. Cho, K. Son, B. Oh
Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul-SOUTH
KOREA
094
CADETS’ PERCEPTION OF EXERCISE AND RECOVERY UNDER RAMADAN
FASTING CONDITIONS
K. Havenetidis
Hellenic Army Academy, Faculty of Physical and Cultural Education Vari-GREECE
095
DEVELOPMENT OF A SPORTS DRINK WITH JOINT PROTECTING
INGREDIENTS
M. Konrad, M. Schmidt, E. Pail
FH Joanneum, Degree Program in Dietetics and Nutrition Bad Gleichenberg-AUSTRIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
61
f r i d a y, 2 8
096
COMBINATION WITH INTAKE OF HEME-IRON SUPPLEMENT AND
NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING ENHANCES IMPROVEMENT OF SPORTS
ANEMIA ON FEMALE ATHLETE
M. Matsumoto1, J. Suzuki1, M. Katsumata2, T. Hasegawa2, T. Noguchi1
1
097
Nihon University Tokyo-JAPAN, 2ILS Inc. Tokyo-JAPAN
PLASMA METABOLIC PROFILING IN RATS AFTER EXHAUSTIVE PHYSICAL
EXERCISE AND SEVERE INFECTION
M. Sossdorf1, S. Meyer1, J. Fischer1, G.P. Otto2
1
Center for Sepsis Control and Care, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care,
Jena University Hospital Jena-GERMANY, 2Department for Internal Medicine III, Jena
University Hospital Jena-GERMANY
098
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERCENTAGE OF DEHYDRATION AND
BASKETBALL PERFORMANCE
M. Vukasinovic-Vesic1, N. Dikic1, M. Andjelkovic1, N. Radivojevic1, D. Curcic1,
T. Antic1, R. Turner2, R. Stokes2, H. Gunter2
1
Sports Medicine Association of Serbia Belgrade-SERBIA, 2FIBA Europe MunichGERMANY
099
SWEAT RATE AND FLUID TURNOVER OF BASKETBALL PLAYERS DURING
FIBA EUROPE U20 EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIP MEN 2011- DIVISION B
M. Vukasinovic-Vesic1, N. Dikic1, M. Andjelkovic1, N. Radivojevic1, D. Curcic1,
T. Antic1, R. Turner2, R. Stokes2, H. Gunter2
1
Sports Medicine Association of Serbia Belgrade-SERBIA, 2FIBA Europe MunichGERMANY
100
URINE SPECIFIC GRAVITY IN LONG DISTANCE RACES AND ITS
RELATIONSHIP WITH THE SENSATION OF THIRST
F. Ramognino, C. Valenti, A. Marincola, A. Mohni, M. Gonzalez, F. Cillo,
G. Fantuzzi, K. Galvan, M. Romano, C. Yche
Hospital General de Agudos J. A. Penna, Consultorio de Actividad Fisica, Deporte y
Salud Buenos Aires-ARGENTINA
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
62
september
SNELLEN CHART-DETERMINING CLEARANCE DURING THE
PREPARTICIPATION EVALUATION
J. Carneiro1, E. Brandão2, B. Ribeiro1
1
2
102
HYPERINSULINISM-HYPERAMMONEMIA SYNDROME (HHS) AND SPORTS
ELIGIBILITY: A CASE REPORT
G. Ciccarone1, M. Ismael1, G. Martelli2
1
2
103
Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia, Espinho Vila Nova de Gaia-PORTUGAL,
Centro Hospitalar de São João Porto-PORTUGAL
FRIDAY
101
Sports Medicine Service, Ospedale Santa Maria del Prato Feltre (BL)-ITALY,
Department of Physiology, University of Siena Siena-ITALY
28
ADULT ONSET STILL’S DISEASE (AOSD) AND SPORTS ELIGIBILITY: A CASE
REPORT
G. Ciccarone1, G. Martelli2, M. Ismael1, V. Lamberti3, A. Gioffredi1
1
Sports Medicine Service, Ospedale Santa Maria del Prato Feltre (BL)-ITALY,
Department of Physiology, University of Siena Siena-ITALY, 3Istituto di Medicina dello
Sport Vittorio Veneto (TV)-ITALY
2
104
SCREENING ATHLETES FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN AFRICA: A
FEASIBLE BUT CHALLENGING EXPERIENCE
F. Di Paolo1, C. Schmied2, J. Dvorak3, F. Quattrini4, Y. Zerguini5, A. Pelliccia6
1
Institute of Sport Medicine and Science CONI Rome-ITALY, 2Cardiovascular Center
Sports Cardiology, University Hospital Zurich-SWITZERLAND, 3Fédération
Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), and Schulthess Clinic ZurichSWITZERLAND, 4Institute of Sport Medicine and Science, CONI Rome-ITALY, 5Clinique
Chahrazed, FIFA Medical Center of Excellence Cheraga, Alger-ALGERIA, 6Institute of
Sport Medicine and Science, CONI, Rome-ITALY
105
COMMUNITY CARDIOVASCULAR SCREENING TO IDENTIFY MIDDLE SCHOOL
CHILDREN AT RISK OF SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH: HOUSTON EARLY AGE
RISK TESTING & SCREENING STUDY
J. Higgins1, G. Biliciler-Denktas2, S. Laing1, J. Samuels1, A. Rajmane1,
A. Ali1, D. Mcpherson1
1
Deparment of Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston,
Houston-USA, 2Deparment of Pediatrics, The University of Texas Health Science Center
at Houston, Houston-USA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
63
f r i d a y, 2 8
106
BASKETBALL INJURIES AMONG CHILDREN. A PROSPECTIVE STUDY WITH 7
YEARS FOLLOW-UP. SPAGAKOS G.1, KONTOPOULOU E.2 - 1ORTHOPAEDIC
SURGEON, 2PHYSIATRIST
G. Spagakos1, E. Kontopoulou2
1
Spagakos Georgios Orthopaedic Surgeon Athens-GREECE, 2Kontopoulou Eirini
Physiatrist Athens-GREECE
107
BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTIC ATHLETES.
COMPARISON WITH CONTROLS. SPAGAKOS G., KONTOPOULOU E. ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEON, PHYSIATRIST
G. Spagakos1, E. Kontopoulou2
1
Spagakos Georgios Orthopaedic Surgeon Athens-GREECE, 2Kontopoulou Eirini
Physiatrist Athens-GREECE
108
ABOUT THE CASE OF A CHIARI 1 MALFORMATION DISCOVERED AFTER
SEVERAL SYNCOPE ON A SPORT GROUND
J. Laffond1, M. Bouvard2, C. Hugo3
1
Bordeaux Segalen University Bordeaux-FRANCE, 2Biology and Sport Medecine Center
Pau-FRANCE, 3Medical Imaging Pau Hospital Pau-FRANCE
109
MORPHOLOGICAL CARDIAC MODIFICATIONS IN ADOLESCENT SOCCER
PLAYERS
G. Milicia, G. Galanti, L. Stefani
Agenzia di Medicina dello Sport, Università degli Studi di Firenze Florence-ITALY
110
APPLICATION OF FIFA 11+ PROTOCOL IN YOUNG ITALIAN PROFESSIONAL
FOOTBALLERS
F. Piras1,2, P. Cugia1,2,4, M. Scorcu1,2, R. Mura2,3, L. Angius3
1
FMSI Sardinia Cagliari-ITALY, 2Cagliari Calcio S.p.A. Cagliari-ITALY, 3Laboratory of
Sport Physiology, University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 4Kinesis Rehabilitation Center
Cagliari-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
64
september
EFFECT OF INTENSIVE TRAINING ON THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM OF
PROFESSIONAL WATER POLO AND SOCCER PLAYERS
J. Plavsic1, N. Antic1, S. Djordjevic-Saranovic1, M. Antic1, R. Conic2,
S. Mazic1,2
1
2
112
Department of Sports Medicine, National Institute of Sport, Belgrade-SERBIA,
Belgrade University School of Medicine Belgrade-SERBIA
PERSISTENT LEFT SUPERIOR VENA CAVA IN A YOUNG PROFESSIONAL
ATHLETE
G. Ricci, P. Ripari
FRIDAY
111
28
University Centre of Sports Medicine, G. D’Annunzio University Chieti-ITALY
113
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOWER-LIMB STRENGTH ASYMMETRY AND
PERFORMANCE IN SPRINT/AGILITY TESTS. A PRELIMINARY STUDY IN
NON-SPORTING STUDENTS
I. Sannicandro, G. Cofano, A. Violante, R.A. Rosa
1
MSc in Preventive and Adapted Physical Activity, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery,
University of Foggia Foggia-ITALY
114
MYOCARDIAL BRIDGE AN OLD STORY, A NOVEL DIAGNOSTIC CHALLENGE
FOR SPORT MEDICINE
F. Sperandii1, E. Guerra1,2, A. Martino1, C. Lanzillo1, M. Di Roma1,
E. Cavaretta3, E. De Ruvo1, L. Sciarra1, F. Quaranta2, E. Assisi3, A. Nigro3,
F. Guarracini1, V. Castelli1, C. Albanese3, F. Pigozzi2,3, L. Calo’1,2
1
Policlinico Casilino Dept of Cardiology Rome-ITALY, 2Università degli Studi di Roma
Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 3Villa Stuart Sport Clinic Rome-ITALY
115
ST-T SEGMENT ANOMALIES ON RESTING ECG IN YOUNG ATHLETES
G. Speranza1, C. De Gregorio2, D. Zagari2, E. Magaudda1, D. Di Mauro1,
M. Bonaiuto1, L. Magaudda1
1
Department of Biomorphology and Biotechnology, Postgraduate School of Sports
Medicine, University of Messina Messina-ITALY, 2Clinical and Experimental Department
of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Messina Messina-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
65
f r i d a y, 2 8
116
CO-RELATION BETWEEN AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS AND VARIOUS
SPORTS: CHARACTERISTICS OF PHYSIOKINESITHERAPY
M. Amendola1, V. Amendola1, F. Amendola1,2,3, M. Ribatti1, R. Marvulli4,
D. Accettura3
1
FIGC Lega Dilettanti, Comitato Regionale Puglia Bari-ITALY, 2A.S. Bari Calcio, Settore
Giovanile Bari-ITALY, 3FMSI Istituto di Medicina dello Sport, CONI Bari-ITALY,
4
Specialista in Medicina Fisica e Riabilitazione Bari-ITALY
117
IMPORTANCE OF PLANTAR RECEPTOR IN PREVENTION OF LESIONS DUE TO
OVERUSE IN FOOTBALL: NEW ACQUISITIONS IN PHYSIOKINESITHERAPY
M. Amendola1, V. Amendola1, F. Amendola1,2,3, G. De Sario1, R. Marvulli4,
D. Accettura3
1
FIGC Lega Dilettanti, Comitato Regionale Puglia Bari-ITALY, 2A.S. Bari Calcio, Settore
Giovanile Bari-ITALY, 3FMSI Istituto di Medicina dello Sport, CONI Bari-ITALY,
4
Specialista in Medicina Fisica e Riabilitazione Bari-ITALY
118
INFILTRATIVE PERITENDINOUS TREATMENT, ULTRASOUND GUIDED, WITH
LOW MOLECULAR WEIGHT HYALURONIC ACID
G. Mazzoni, E. Bernardi, M. Fogli
Biomedical Sport Studies Center, University of Ferrara Ferrara-ITALY
119
SENCONDARY ULNAR NERVE PALSY IN ADULT AFTER RANGE OF MOTION
EXERCISE - CASE REPORT J. Jun, W.I. Rhee
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, the Catholic University of
Korea Seoul-SOUTH KOREA
120
EVALUATION OF DXA BODY COMPOSITION DURING REHABILITATION
PROGRAMS AFTER ACL SURGERY IN SOCCER PLAYERS
G. Martelli, A. Causarano, R. Palazzi, L. Santini, I. Martelli, F. Merlo
Performance Medical and Rehabilitation Center Siena-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
66
september
121
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN THE PULMONARY RESPONSE TO HYPOBARIC
HYPOXIA (3300M): A POTENTIAL CAUSE IN THE PRONENESS TO DEVELOP
INTERSTITIAL LUNG EDEMA
M. Bartesaghi1, F. Lanfranconi1, L. Pollastri1, V. Scotti1, G. Mandolesi2,
E. Bernardi2, G. Miserocchi1
1
122
FRIDAY
Department of Experimental Medicine, Laboratory of Clinical Physiology and Sport
Medicine Monza-ITALY, 2Department of Experimental Medicine, Biomedical Sport
Studies Center, Ferrara-ITALY
KINEMATIC CHANGES BETWEEN FASTBALL AND CURVEBALL IN
TAIWANESE BASEBALL PITCHERS
P. Chou1, S. Chang2, Y. Huang2, T. Fan1, W. Lin1, S. Chen1, C. Liu3, Y. Chou2
28
1
Department of Sports Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Kaohsiung-TAIWAN,
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University Tainan-TAIWAN,
3
Graduate Institute of Sports Equipment Technology, Taipei Physical Education College
Taipei-TAIWAN
2
123
MARKERS ELETTROCARDIOGRAFICI DI RIPOLARIZZAZIONE VENTRICOLARE
IN ATLETI CON PROLASSO MITRALICO
G. Francavilla
Ospedale S. Antonio Abate Trapani-ITALY
124
SOCCER INJURIES AMONG IRANIAN PLAYERS
M. Hassabi1, T. Seif Barghi2
1
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran-IRAN, 2Iranian Association of
Sports and Exercise Medicine Tehran-IRAN
125
RISK FACTORS AND INJURY MECHANISMS IN TRIATHLON. S.MIGLIORINI
ITU MEDICAL COMMITTEE CHAIR, FITRI MEDICAL COMMITTEE CHAIR
S. Migliorini
International Triathlon Union ITU Medical Committee Vancouver-CANADA, FITRIFederazione Italiana Triathlon Commissione Medica Rome-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
67
f r i d a y, 2 8
126
SAFEST EXERCISE HOURS IN TEHRAN BASED ON AIR QUALITY INDEX
VALUES
S. Mohaghegh1, R. Kordi2, M. Younesian3, M. Hajian4, B. Mohaghegh5
1
Sports and Exercise Medicine Department, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical
Sciences, Tehran-IRAN, 2Sports and Exercise Medicine Department, Tehran University
of Medical Sciences, Tehran-IRAN, 3Public Health Department, Tehran University of
Medical Sciences, Tehran-IRAN, 4Preventive Medicine Department, Shahid Beheshti
University of Medical Sciences, Tehran-IRAN, 5GIS Department, Geological Survey of
Iran, Tehran-IRAN
127
SPONTANEOUS FRACTURE IN BIPARTITE PATELLA AFTER ACL BPTB
AUTOGRAFT RECONSTRUCTION
R. Orlandi, G. Zappala’, D. Mazzoleni
USC Ortopedia Traumatologia Bergamo-ITALY
128
AEROBIC EXERCISE AND LIFE QUALITY ABOARD A SUBMARINE
L. Ricciardi1, R. Belloni2, M. Davino3, C. Rinaldi3
1
Associazione Medico Sportiva Dilettantistica Pavia-ITALY, 2Formerly Ospedale di
Circolo Varese-ITALY, 3Comando Forze Subacquee Marina Militare Italiana TarantoITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
68
september
POSTER SESSION 4 14.30-15.30
Chairmen: M. Leglise (FRANCE); G. Ganzit (ITALY)
EFFECTIVENESS OF A MONITORING PROGRAM OF PHYSICAL
CONDITIONING CAMERAMEN FROM A TV COMPANY IN SÃO PAULO
P. Silva, R. Nahas, D. Silva, A. Silva, R. Evers, T. Rodrigues, R. Ciconelli
FRIDAY
129
28
Grupo Fleury Sao Paulo-BRAZIL
130 INCIDENCE AND PROGNOSTICATORS OF LOWER EXTREMITY FRACTURES IN
BELGIAN FOOTBALL PLAYERS
L. Vanlommel, P. Bollars, J. Bellemans
University Pellenberg Leuven-BELGIUM
131
EFFECTS OF ANABOLIC ANDROGENIC STEROIDS ON RENAL WEIGHT AND
MORPHOLOGY
V. Aparicio1,2, D. Camiletti-Moirón1,2, R. Casuso3, M. Tassi4, E. Nebot1,
L. Bustos1, J. Porres1, P. Aranda1
1
Department of Physiology, School of Pharmacy and Institute of Nutrition and Food
Technology, University of Granada Granada-SPAIN, 2Department of Physical Education
and Sport, School of Sports Sciences, University of Granada Granada-SPAIN,
3
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaen Jaén-SPAIN, 4Department of
Pathologic Anatomy and Institute of Regenerative Biomedicine, School of Medicine,
University of Granada Granada-SPAIN
132
CORTISONE AND SPORT
T. Henne
Kreiskrankenhaus Osterholz-Scharmbeck, Chirurgie Osterholz-Scharmbeck-GERMANY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
69
f r i d a y, 2 8
133
THE PREDISPOSITION TO DOPING IN SPORT: THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AN
EDUCATIONAL PROJECT ON RISK PREVENTION
R. Mura1, M. Scorcu1,2,3, P. De Angelis2, R. Uccheddu2, F. Piras1,2,4
1
FMSI Sardegna Cagliari-ITALY, 2School of Sport, CONI Sardegna Cagliari-ITALY, 3A.S.L.
6 Sanluri-ITALY, 4A.S.L. 7 Carbonia, Iglesias-ITALY
134
BUCCAL AND SALIVARY PROFILE OF YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS
P. Amaddeo1,5, S. D’Ercole2,3, D. Martinelli3, D. Tripodi3, F. Ristoldo4
1
Atalanta B.C. Medical Team Bergamo-ITALY, 2D.to Scienze Biomediche Università
degli Studi G. D’Annunzio Chieti-Pescara-ITALY, 3D.to Scienze Orali, Nano e
Biotecnologie Università degli Studi G. D’Annunzio Chieti-Pescara-ITALY, 4Azienda
Ospedaliera Ospedali Riuniti U.S.C. Odontostomatologia Bergamo-ITALY, 5Azienda
Ospedaliera Ospedali Riuniti U.S.S.D. Ch. Maxillo-Facciale Bergamo-ITALY
135
CONTRIBUTION OF BIOMECHANICAL PARAMETERS OF COUNTERMOVEMENT
JUMP PERFORMANCE AND STANDING LONG JUMP PERFORMANCE IN
BASKETBALL PLAYERS
R. Andrade1, J. Claudino1, B. Mezêncio1, A. Azevedo1, J. Pinho1, A. Amadio1,
A. Moreira2, J. Serrão1
1
Department of Biodynamic of Human Movement, Biomechanics Laboratory of School
of Physical Education and Sport, USP São Paulo-BRAZIL, 2Department of Sport, School
of Physical Education and Sport, USP São Paulo-BRAZIL
136
IS THERE A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MULTIPLE CHANGE OF DIRECTION
ABILITY AND BIOMECHANICAL PARAMETERS IN PROFESSIONAL FEMALE
BASKETBALL PLAYERS?
R. Andrade1, J. Serrão1, M. Kiss2, A. Amadio1, A. Moreira2
1
Department of Biodynamic of Human Movement, Biomechanics Laboratory of School
of Physical Education and Sport, USP São Paulo-BRAZIL, 2Department of Sport, School
of Physical Education and Sport, USP São Paulo-BRAZIL
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
70
september
137
INFLUENCE OF BURNOUT SYNDROME ON PERFORMANCE AMONG
BASKETBALL REFEREES
T. Antic, D. Curcic, N. Dikic, N. Radivojevic, M. Vesic Vukasinovic,
M. Andjelkovic
Sports Medicine Association of Serbia Belgrade-SERBIA
UPHILL TRAINING IN SOCCER PLAYERS: SPRINT VS. INTERMITTENT
G. Attene1, G. Ibba2, M. Scorcu2, F. Pizzolato2, J. Padulo4
FRIDAY
138
University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2Cagliari Calcio S.p.A. Cagliari-ITALY, 4University
of Verona Verona-ITALY, 5University of Tor Vergata Rome-ITALY
139
28
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNEE EXTENSION STRENGTH AND QUADRICEPS
TO HAMSTRINGS IMBALANCES IN PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS
G. Bogdanis, V. Kalapotharakos
University of Athens Athens-GREECE
140
PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SPORT OF BMX
G. Boni1, F. Mattiacci1, A. Capodicasa1, S. Spaccapanico Proietti1,
L. Laurent2, F. Gargaglia2
1
CR Umbria FMSI, Surgery of Sport Medicine, Foligno (PG)-ITALY, 2Coach Italian BMX
National Team Milan-ITALY
141
EFFECT OF HIIT HYDROBIKE TRAINING ON PARAMETERS OF AEROBIC
CAPACITY IN TRIATHLETES VS DETRAINING EFFECTS
G. Collu1, S. Roberto1, M. Pinna1, R. Milia1, G. Migliaccio2, A. Concu1,
A. Crisafulli1
1
LABFS-Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche, Laboratorio Fisiologia della Sport, Università
degli Studi di Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2CONI Sardegna, Laboratorio dello Sport,
Cagliari-ITALY
142
REPEATED BOUT EFFECT INDUCED BY ISOKINETIC VS ISOTONIC ECCENTRIC
CONTRACTION
G. Coratella1, F.M. Impellizzeri2, F. Schena1,2
1
Department of Neurological, Neurophisiological, Morphological and Movement
Science Verona-ITALY, 2Researc Center for Sport, Mountain and Health Rovereto-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
71
f r i d a y, 2 8
143
LONGITUDINAL STUDY IN ELITE MALE SWIMMERS: A HIERACHICAL
MODELING OF ENERGETIC AND BIOMECHANICAL RELATIVE CONTRIBUTION
FOR PERFORMANCE
M. Costa1,4, J. Bragada1,4, D. Marinho2,4, V. Lopes1,4, A. Silva3,4, T. Barbosa1,4,
E. Morais3,4
1
Polytechnic Institute of Bragança Bragança-PORTUGAL, 2University of Beira Interior
Covilhã-PORTUGAL, 3University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro Vila Real-PORTUGAL,
4
Research Centre in Sports, Health and Human Development Vila Real-PORTUGAL
144
AN FMRI INVESTIGATION ON THE FUNCTIONAL CORRELATES OF NEURAL
EFFICIENCY IN PROFESSIONAL FORMULA 1 CAR DRIVERS
F. Franzoni1, G. Bernardi2, E. Ricciardi2, E. Guidotti1, L. Sani2, R. Ceccarelli3,
R. Goebel4, F. Galetta1, P. Pietrini2, G. Santoro1
1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa-ITALY, 2Department of
Laboratory Medicine and Molecular Diagnostics, University of Pisa, Pisa-ITALY,
3
Formula Medicine Viareggio-ITALY, 4Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, University
of Maastricht, Maastricht-THE NETHERLANDS
145
EFFECTS OF LONG TERM WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION TRAINING WITH
DIFFERENT AMPLITUDES ON PERFORMANCE
F. Ghazalian1, L. Hakemi2, L. Pourkazemi2, M. Akhoond3, M. Ahmadi2
1
Department of Physical Education, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad
University, Tehran, Iran Tehran-IRAN, 2Sports Medicine Federation of I.R.Iran TehranIRAN, 3Department of Statistics, Shahid Chamran University Ahwaz-IRAN
146
IMPACT OF RECOVERY MODALITIES ON PERFORMANCE IN VOLLEYBALL
PLAYERS IN HIGH ENVIRONMENTAL TEMPERATURES
N. Ghoul1, M. L’Hermette1, R. Sioud2, C. Tourny-Chollet
1
CETAPS EA 3832 Rouen-FRANCE, 2NCMSS Tunis-TUNISIA
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
72
september
147
FOR A BETTER BONE QUALITY AND REDUCED CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
FACTORS: DOWNHILL SKIING, ICE HOCKEY OR SWIMMING?
S. Grossgasteiger1, S. Frizzera1, F. Egger2, M.C. Tappa3, G. Radetti4
Department of Sports Medicine, Regional Hospital, FMSI Bolzano-ITALY, 2Department
of Internal Medicine, Regional Hospital Bolzano-ITALY, 3Department of Nuclear
Medicine, Regional Hospital Bolzano-ITALY, 4Department of Peditrics, Regional
Hospital Bolzano-ITALY
148
FRIDAY
1
INFLUENCE OF FATIGUE, STRESS, SORENESS AND SLEEP ON PERCEIVED
EXERTION IN ELITE YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS
M. Haddad1, D. Wong2, C. Castagna3, K. Chamari1
28
1
Tunisian Research Laboratory Sports Performance Optimization, National Center of
Medicine and Science in Sports Tunis-TUNISIA, 2Department of Health and Physical
Education, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong-HONG KONG, 3School of
Sport and Exercise Sciences, Team-Sports Research Area, Faculty of Medicine and
Surgery, University of Rome Rome-ITALY
149
IS THERE ANY CORRELATION BETWEEN SELECTED PARAMETERS OF FITNESS
AND ACQUIRED SCORES OF REFEREES IN IRANIAN PREMIER FOOTBALL
LEAGUE?
F. Halabchi, R. Mazaheri, M.A. Mansournia, T. Seif Barghi
Sports Medicine Research Center, Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Tehran
University of Medical Sciences Tehran-IRAN
150
THE YO-YO INTERMITTENT RECOVERY TEST OF PROFESSIONAL SOCCER
PLAYERS
H. Gümüsdag, Çisem Ünlu, G. Çiçek
Hitit University & Physical Education and Sports High School Çorum-TURKEY
151
FUNCTIONAL STATE OF CHILDREN WITH THE INFORMATION STRESS
DEPENDING ON THE LEVEL OF THE AEROBIC FITNESS
I. Krivolapchuck
Department of Physiology of Muscular Activity, Institute of Developmental Physiology
of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow-RUSSIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
73
f r i d a y, 2 8
152
SHOULDER EVALUATION OF VOLLEYBALL ATHLETES BY AN ISOMETRIC
TEST ON A NEW DEVICE
G. Martelli1, G. Ciccarone1, M. Signorini2, G. Grazzini2, S. Urgelli2
1
Department of Physiology, University of Siena Siena-ITALY, 2Performance Valdelsa,
Medical Rehabiltation Center Poggibonsi (SI)-ITALY
153
MODIFICATION IN BODY HYDRATION AFTER TWO MONTHS OF SOCCER
TRAINING
G. Mascherini, L. Stefani, G. Galanti
Medicina dello Sport e dell’Esercizio, Università di Firenze Florence-ITALY
154
DIFFERENCE IN AEROBIC CAPACTY IN RUGBY PLAYERS
G. Mazzoni, E. Bernardi, G. Grossi, F. Terranova, S. Uliari, G. Grazzi
Biomedical Sport Studies Center, University of Ferrara Ferrara-ITALY
155
LINKING SELECTED VARIABLES WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT EFFECT ON
YOUNG SWIMMER’S PERFORMANCE
J. Morais1,2, N.D. Garrido2,3, V. Lopes2,3, D.A. Marinho2,4, A.J. Silva2,3,
T.M. Barbosa1,2
1
Department of Sport Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, BragançaPORTUGAL, 2Research Centre in Sports, Health and Human Development Vila
Real-PORTUGAL, 3University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Department of Sport
Sciences Vila Real-PORTUGAL, 4University of Beira Interior, Department of Sport
Sciences Covilhã-PORTUGAL
156
THE EFFECTS OF THE PERIOD OF COMPETITION ON ELITE ATHLETES’ BODY
COMPOSITION, SERUM LIPIDS AND LIPOPROTEINS
N. Necip Fazil Kishali1, Ozturk Agirbas2, Mergul Colak2, Fatih Kiyici1,
Guleda Can Burmaoglu1
1
Ataturk University Physical Education and Sports School Erzurum-TURKEY, 2Physical
Education and Sport Part of Erzincan University Faculty of Education Erzincan-TURKEY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
74
september
157
LACK OF CORRELATION BETWEEN LABORATORY INDEXES OF AEROBIC AND
ANAEROBIC LACTIC CAPACITIES AND REPEATED SPRINT ABILITY IN
YOUNG PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLA
S. Olla1, L. Angius1, F. Piras3, R. Mura3, G. Ibba3, F. Todde3, M. Cominu2,
M. Pinna1, F. Tocco1, A. Concu1, A. Crisafulli1
Sport Physiology Lab, University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2Regional School of Sport
of Sardinia, Italian Olympic Committee Cagliari-ITALY, 3Cagliari Calcio Medical Staff
Cagliari-ITALY
158
FRIDAY
1
ASSOCIATION OF REACTION TIME AND PERFORMANCE IN 60 M SPRINT
RUNNING
G. Paradisis, E. Zacharogiannis, A. Smirniotou, S. Tziortzis
28
University of Athens, Athletic Sector Athens-GREECE
159
DOES FATIGUE INFLUENCE BALANCE OF YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS?
M. Pau1, G. Ibba2, G. Attene3
1
Dept. of Mechanical, Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Cagliari,
Cagliari-ITALY, 2Cagliari Calcio Cagliari-ITALY, 3School of Sport, Italian National
Olympic Committee-CONI, Sardinian Regional Committee Cagliari-ITALY
160
NO EFFECT OF 7 WEEKS INTERVAL TRAINING PROGRAM ON PLASMA
VOLUME, HEMATOCRIT AND HEMOGLOBIN RESPONSES TO MAXIMAL
EXERCISE IN ADULT MALE SUBJECTS
B. Abderraouf1,3, J. Prioux1, O. Ben Ounis4, K. Chamari2,3, Z. Tabka5,
H. Zouhal1
1
Laboratory M2S, University Rennes 2, Rennes-FRANCE, 2Laboratory of National Center
of Medicine & Science in Sport Tunis-TUNISIA, 3ISSEP de Tunis, Ksar Saîd, University
of Manouba, Tunisia Manouba-TUNISIA, 4Laboratoire de Physiologie, Faculté de
Médecine de Sousse Sousse-TUNISIA
161
IBUPROFEN AND TRAINING EFFECTS IN RATS MUSCLE AFTER EXAUSTIVE
EXERCISE SECTIONS
L. Ribeiro, D. Stamm, R. Gerbatin, F. Fiorin, G. Busanello, M. De Castro,
F. Rodrigues, M. Souza, L.F. Royes, M. Fighera
Laboratório de Bioquímica do Exercício, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa
Maria - RS-BRAZIL
of SPORTS MEDICINE
75
f r i d a y, 2 8
162
ASSESSMENT OF CIRCULATORY ADJUSTMENTS DURING REAL UNDERWATER
APNOEA
S. Roberto1, F. Tocco1, E. Marongiu1, M. Pinna1, M. Pusceddu1, L. Angius1,
G. Migliaccio2, R. Milia1, A. Concu1, A. Crisafulli1
1
Sports Physiology Lab. University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2Regional School of Sport
Olympic Committee Sardegna Cagliari-ITALY
163
HEART RATE RECOVERY RESPONSE TO TRAINING AND DETRAINING
MEASURED WITH A NEW PROTOCOL
M. Romagnoli1, R. Alis1, J. Basterra1, I. Estevan1, C. Falco1, A. Arduini2
1
164
Catholic University of Valencia, Valencia -SPAIN, 2Harvard University Boston, MA-USA
LONGITUDINAL EVALUATION OF THE AEROBIC CAPACITIES OF YOUNG
ELITE ATHLETES PRACTICING WINTER SPORTS
F. Scarzella, C. Milanese, G. Micheletti, G.P. Ganzit, F. Verzini
Istituto di Medicina dello Sport Turin-ITALY
165
THE EFFECT OF CONCURRENT TRAINING ON HORMONE PROFILE IN MALES
N. Shakeri, F. Ghazalian
Science Research Branch Islamic Azad University Tehran Tehran-IRAN
166
POOR RELIABILITY OF HEART RATE TO ESTIMATE ENERGY EXPENDITURE
DURING INTERVAL TRAINING IN RUNNERS
F. Tocco1, A. Crisafulli1, E. Marongiu1, F. Melis1, N. Degortes1,
G.M. Migliaccio2, R. Mura1, P. Sanna2, C. Ciuti2, A. Concu1
1
Sport Physiology Lab. University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2Regional School of Sport
of Sardinia, Italian Olympic Committee Cagliari-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
76
september
167
THE EFFECT OF CIRCUIT HYDRAULIC RESISTANCE EXERCISE ON SUPER-OLD
MAN
T.C. Lin1, C.C. Hong1, T.H. Han3, H.L. Chou5, M.F. Hsu4, L.Y. Chang2,
T.Y. Shiang2
1
168
FRIDAY
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital
Taipei-TAIWAN, 2Graduate Institute of Exercise and Sport Science , National Taiwan
Normal University Taipei-TAIWAN, 3Exercise and Healthy Science, National Taipei
University of Nursing and Healthy Science Taipei-TAIWAN, 4Department of Nursing,
Oriental Institute of Technology Taipei-TAIWAN, 5Department of Nursing, Taipei
Veterans General Hospital Taipei-TAIWAN
28
EFFECTS OF WARM-UP DURATION ON VERTICAL JUMP PERFORMANCE
P. Veligekas, G. Bogdanis, A. Tsoukos
University of Athens Athens-GREECE
169
PHYSIOLOGICAL MATCH ANALYSIS OF AMATEUR HANDBALL PLAYERS
M. Weippert, C. Pohle, S. Kreuzfeld, A. Rieger, R. Stoll
University of Rostock Rostock-GERMANY
170
EVALUATION OF TRAINING LOAD IN PROFESSIONAL HANDBALL PLAYERS
USING CREATINE KINASE AND HEART RATE VARIABILITY DATA
M. Weippert, S. Kreuzfeld, A. Rieger, K. Behrens, R. Stoll
University of Rostock Rostock-GERMANY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
77
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
POSTER SESSION 1 14.30-15.30
Chairmen: J. Gielen (BELGIUM); G. Boni (ITALY)
001
THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY ON THE BIOELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE
PHASE ANGLE (PH. A.) IN BREAST CANCER PATIENTS
V. De Luca1, P. Borrione1,3, E. Grazioli1, E. Ciminelli1,3, E. Guerra1,3,
F. Quaranta1,3, C. Cerulli1, F. Desantis1,2, A. Parisi1,3
1
Health Sciences Department University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 2School of
Specialization in Sport Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY, 3Italian
Federation of Sport Medicine Rome-ITALY
002
CLIMBING FOR ALL
P.V. Gigliotti1, F. Coscia2, A. Piratinskij3
1
International Federation Sport Climbing Bern-SWITZERLAND, 2Sport Science
University Perugia-ITALY, 3Ural State Technical University Ekaterinburg-RUSSIA
003
THE EFFECT OF ENDURANCE TRAINING ACCOMPANIED BY FASTING AND A
PERIOD OF DETRAINING ON LIPID PROFILES
R. Ranjbar1, A. Mohsenzade2
1
004
Shahid Chamran University Ahvaz-IRAN, 2Shahid Beheshti University Tehran-IRAN
THE EFFECT OF KASHI PRACTICE ON STRENGH OF ADULTS WITH DOWN’S
SYNDROME
M. Sheikh1, A. Kashi2, A. Dadkhah3, E. Arab Ameri1, R. Hemayattalab1
1
University of Tehran Tehran-IRAN, 2Sport Science Research Institute of Ministry of
Science, Research and Technology of Iran Tehran-IRAN, 3University of Social Welfare
and Rehabilitation Sciences Tehran-IRAN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
78
september
005
AEROBIC FITNESS PREDICTION IN ATHLETES WITH A LOCOMOTOR
IMPAIRMENT
M. Squeo1, A. D’Alessio1, P.E. Adami1, R. Lanzano1, F. Parisi1, M. Bernardi1,2
1
2
006
Physiology and Pharmacology Dept., Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY,
Italian Paralympic Committee Rome-ITALY
CARDIAC MODIFICATION DURING A CHAMPIONSHIP IN PROFESSIONAL
SOCCER PLAYERS
R. Maio, A. Ammendolia, S. Miceli, I. Carè, T. Iona, M. Quero, L. Greco,
F. Perticone
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Catanzaro Magna Grecia
Catanzaro-ITALY
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORK-OUT AND VASCULAR FUNCTION IN
PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS
R. Maio, A. Ammendolia, S. Miceli, I. Carè, T. Iona, M. Quero, A. Pascale,
F. Perticone
SATURDAY
007
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Catanzaro Magna Grecia
Catanzaro-ITALY
008
29
LUNG FUNCTION AND EXERCISE TEST IN ASTHMATIC CHILDREN:
INFLUENCE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
S. Crudo, V. D’Addio, I. Ernesti, C. Putotto, M. Unolt, G. Ragusa, C. Celani,
G. Tancredi
Servizio di Medicina dello Sport, Dipartimento di Pediatria e Neuropsichiatria
Infantile Sapienza Università di Roma Rome-ITALY
009
HEART RATE RECOVERY IN HEALTHY CHILDREN: INFLUENCE OF AGE, BODY
MASS INDEX AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
V. D’Addio, S. Crudo, I. Ernesti, C. Putotto, M. Unolt, V. Martucci, G. Tancredi
Department of Pediatrics, Sport Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
79
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
010
SPINAL SHRINKAGE AND DEHYDRATION IN ELITE MALE JUNIOR FIELD
HOCKEYPLAYERS
T. Devreker1, T. Decraene1, T. Mertens T.2, M. Vercammen3, Y. Vandenplas1
1
Universitair Kinderziekenhuis Brussel-BELGIUM, 2Koninklijke Belgische Hockey Bond
Brussel-BELGIUM 3Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel-BELGIUM
011
EVALUATION OF HIP PAIN WITH ULTRASOUND GUIDED INJECTIONS
P. D’Hemecourt, M. Yen, M. Kocher, A. Stacciolini
Boston Children’s Hospital Boston-USA
012
SONOELASTOSONOGRAPHY IN ACHILLES CALCANEAL PLANTAR AXIS
DISEASE
S. Giannini, E.R. Faloni, A. Parrella, M.L. Iocca, E.P. Assako Ondo
Villa Stuart Sport Clinic Rome-ITALY
013
SUDDEN DEATH IN TRIATHLON PRACTICE
T. Hugues1, V. Lacroix-Hugues2, K. Yaici1, N. Saoudi1, P. Gibelin3
1
Ch Princesse Grace Monaco-MONACO, 2Chu l’Archet Nice-FRANCE, 3Chu Pasteur NiceFRANCE
014
THE EFFECTS OF MASSAGE THERAPY ON PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE AND
PERCEIVED RECOVERY FOLLOWING ACUTE ECCENTRIC EXERCISE IN MALE
BODY BUILDING ATHLETES
M. Kargarfard1, M. Taimouri2
1
School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Department of Exercise Physiology,
University of Isfahan Isfahan-IRAN, 2School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences,
Department of Exercise Physiol, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University IsfahanIRAN
015
COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT SCREENING OF HUMAN HEALTH AS
INFORMATION SOURCE
N. Korchazhkina, K. Kotenko, S. Razinkin, M. Petrova, A. Mikhailova
Burnasyan FMBC of The FMBA of Russia Moscow-RUSSIA
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
80
september
016
THE PATTERN OF SELECTED CORE MUSCLES ACTIVITY DURING
OVERGROUND AND TREADMILL WALKING USING SURFACE
ELECTROMYOGRAPHY
R. Mazaheri1, G. Radmehr1, M.A. Sanjari2, M.A. Mansournia1
1
Sports Medicine Research Center, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical
Sciences, Tehran-IRAN, 2Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation,
Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran-IRAN
017
COMPARISON OF THE STATIC AND DYNAMIC JOINT STABILITY OF
ATHLETES FROM DIFFERENT SPORTS
T. Mintál1, B. Molics2, E. Szebeni1, Á. Horváth1
1
Dept. of Sport Medicine, University Pécs Pécs-HUNGARY, 2Dept. of Physiotherapy,
University Pécs Pécs-HUNGARY
PAINFUL OS PERONEUM SYNDROME PRESENTING AS LATERAL PLANTAR
FOOT PAIN – A CASE REPORT
S. Oh
SATURDAY
018
Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital Seoul-SOUTH KOREA
019
29
LOCAL TRACTION EXPERIENCE WITH HYPERTHERMIA IN WEIGHTLIFTERS
FOR PREVENTION OF SPONDYLARTHROSIS PROGRESSION
M. Petrova, N. Korchazhkina, K. Kotenko, A. Mikhailova
Burnasyan FMBC of the FMBA of Russia Moscow-RUSSIA
020
MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS IN JUDOISTS BODY DURING FALLS
T. Piucco, S.G. Santos
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Florianópolis-BRAZIL
021
ATHLETIC PUBALGIA. EVALUATION AND TREATMENT IN 1450 CASES
O. Santilli, N. Nardelli, J. Batista, H. Santilli, R. Maestu
Trinidad San Isidro San Isidro Buenos Aires-ARGENTINA
022
MECHANICAL IMPACTS IN JUDOISTS BODY DURING FALLS
S. Santos, T. Piucco
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Florianópolis-BRAZIL
of SPORTS MEDICINE
81
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
023
AUTONOMIC RECOVERY FOLLOWING BRIEF HIGH-INTENSITY
INTERMITTENT EXERCISE IN OBESE ADULTS
Q. Shi, J. Nie, K.W. Lei, U.H. Cheang
School of Physical Education and Sports, Macao Polytechnic Institute-MACAU
024
GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE ISOENZYME BB - MARKER OF MYOCARDIAL
STUNNING IN WATER POLO PLAYERS
V. Slavic1, B. Kamenov2, M. Delic1, S. Bukilica3, M. Cirkovic4
1
Institute Dr Simo Milosevic Igalo-MONTENEGRO, 2Pediatric Clinic Nis-SERBIA, 3Private
Health Facility Meljine-MONTENEGRO, 4Military Medical Academy Beograd-SERBIA
025
INFLUENCE OF INERVAL TRAINING ON LEVELS OF LEPTIN AND HORMONES
AFFECTING LIPID MEATBOLISM IN YOUNG OVERWEIGHT MEN
R. Soori, N. Rezaeian
Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sports and Exercise Sciences, University
of Tehran Tehran-IRAN
026
POST-OPERATIVE PSYCHIATRIC ASSESSMENT OF ATHLETES WITH ANTERIOR
CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURY
M.M. Celebi, B. Baskak, H. Devrimci Ozguven, E. Atalar, B. Ulkar, T. Saka,
E. Ergen
1
Department of Sports Medicine, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine AnkaraTURKEY, 2Department of Psychiatry, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine
Ankara-TURKEY, 3Ataturk Education and Research Hospital of Chest Diseases and
Surgery Ankara-TURKEY, 4Department of Sports Medicine, Erciyes University Faculty of
Medicine Kayseri-TURKEY
027
EFFECTS OF A PLATELET GEL ON EARLY GRAFT REVASCULARIZATION AND
KNEE STABILITY AFTER ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION
M. Vogrin, R. Kelc
Department for Orthopaedic Surgery, University Clinical Center Maribor, MariborSLOVENIA
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
82
september
028
THE VESTIBULAR CHALLENGE IN ICE SPORTS
D. Alpini1, D. Tornese2, M. Botta3, V. Mattei1
1
Scientific Institute S. Maria Nascente Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation Milan-ITALY,
Scientific Institute Galeazzi Orthopedics Institute Center for Sports Rehabilitation
Milan-ITALY, 3Medical Committee Ice Sports Italian Federation Rome-ITALY
2
MANAGEMENT OF CHONDRAL KNEE LESIONS IN ATHLETES WITH
MICROFRACTURE TECHNIQUE
M. Yahia1, J. Witwity2
1
030
THE STRENGTH EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERNAL TIBIAL ROTATION AFTER THE
USE OF HAMSTRING TENDONS FOR ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
RECONSTRUCTION
Y. Yildiz1, A. Ada1, I. Yanmis2, T. Aydin1
1
2
031
Azhar University Cairo-EGYPT, 2Witwity Clinic Stade-GERMANY
Department of Sports Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty, Ankara-TURKEY,
Department of Orthopedics, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty, Ankara-TURKEY
SATURDAY
029
CARDIOVASCULAR PROTECTION INDUCED BY DAILY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
IN HIV+SUBJECTS
P. Adami1, A. D’Alessio1, M.R. Squeo1, R. Lanzano1, G. D’Ettorre2,
M. Bernardi1
29
1
Physiology and Pharmacology Dept., Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY,
Infectious Diseases Dept., Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome RomeITALY
2
032
UNDERWATER WALKING ON NON-MOTORIZED TREADMILL AS A ‘FITNESS
TOOL’ FOR BOTH HEALTY AND FRAILTY SUBJECTS
P. Benelli1, F. Colasanti1, A. Cuesta2, M. Ditroilo3, M. Gervasi1, F. Lucertini1
1
Dipartimento di Scienze Biomolecolari, Sezione Scienze Motorie e della Salute,
Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo Urbino-ITALY, 2Department of Physical
Therapy, School of Medicine, University of Málaga Málaga-SPAIN, 3Department of
Sport, Health & Exercise Science, Faculty of Science, University of Hull Hull-UNITED
KINGDOM
of SPORTS MEDICINE
83
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
033
L-CARNITINE SUPPLEMENT THERAPY AND EXERCISE IN CHRONIC RENAL
FAILURE
P. Dejanov, S. Dejanov
Clinic of Nephrology, Clinical Center Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF
MACEDONIA
034
INTENSE EXERCISE REGIMEN IN ISLET TRASPLANT RECIPIENT MIGHT
PROLONG GRAFT FUNCTION DESPITE PROGRESSIVE INSULIN RESISTANCE
V. Delmonte1,2, E.M.L. Peixoto1, L. Luzi1,2, C. Ricordi1, A. Veicsteinas 2,
R. Alejandro1
1
035
Diabetes Research Institute Miami-USA, 2Università degli Studi Milano Milan-ITALY
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN ELDERLY
M. Henriques
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte,
Lisboa-PORTUGAL
036
REAL-TIME VISUALIZATION OF ULTRASONOGRAPHY GUIDED CUBITAL
TUNNEL INJECTION: A CADAVERIC STUDY
H. Oh
St. Mary’s Hospital, Catholic University Seoul-SOUTH KOREA
037
THE EFFECT OF AEROBIC EXERCISE ON BODY FAT COMPONENTS AND
RESPIRATORY PARAMETERS OF MEN WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME
S. Ibis1, S. Hazar1, A. Keskin1, Z. Degirmencioglu2
1
038
Phsical Education and Sport Nigde-TURKEY, 2The State Hospital Nigde-TURKEY
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PRESCRIPTION IN MENOPAUSE
M. Ilardi1, C. Conti Puorger2, A. Grossi3, S. Lello4, R. Lista5, R. Manno6
1
Sport Medicine Specialist Rome-ITALY, 2Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist RomeITALY, 3U.O.C. Endocrinology and Diabetology, Bambino Gesù Hospital, IRCCS
Rome-ITALY, 4Gynecological Endocrinology, Pathophysiology of Menopause and
Osteoporosis, IDI-IRCCS Rome-ITALY, 5U.O.S.D. Sports Medicine Rm e Rome-ITALY,
6
IMSS Antonio Venerando CONI Servizi Rome-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
84
september
039
EVALUATION OF GROWTH HORMONE AND IGF-1 RESPONSE IN ENDURANCE
AND RESISTANCE EXERCISE IN HEALTHY YOUNG MEN
S. Kahrizi1, S. Rezaee1, M. Hedayati2
1
Dept. Physiotherapy, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, TehranIRAN, 2Cellular and Molecular Endocrine Research Center, Institute for Endocrine
Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran-IRAN
040
AFTER SCHOOL AEROBIC EXERCISE ON CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS,
PULMONARY FUNCTION AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN CHILDREN WITH
MODERATE TO SEVERE PERSISTENT ASTH
M. Kargarfard1, R. Kelishadi2
1
041
COURSE OF TREATMENT AFTER SUBLUXATIO TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT
S. Kevic, S. Gutman
Clinical Centre Vojvodina Novi Sad-SERBIA
SATURDAY
Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences,
University of Isfahan, Isfahan-IRAN, 2Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Child
Health Promotion Research Center Isfahan-IRAN
29
of SPORTS MEDICINE
85
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
POSTER SESSION 2 14.30-15.30
Chairmen: C. Pecci (ITALY); M. Ripani (ITALY)
042
DO HEALTHY BEHAVIORS IMPROVE ARTERIAL STIFFNESS?
M. Kim, H. Park, S. Choi
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Healthcare System Gangnam
Center, Seoul National University Hos Seoul-SOUTH KOREA
043
OVERWEIGHT IN PHYSICALLY ACTIVE CHILDREN IN SERBIA
S. Malicevic, T. Gavrilovic, S. Mazic
National Institute for Sport and Sports Medicine Beograd-SERBIA
044
ENERGY EXPENDITURE DURING TRAINING SESSION WITH PILATES
EXERCISES IN OBESE PRE-DIABETIC WOMEN
M. Massidda1, G. Satta2, G. Steri2, S. Santus2, A. Loviselli3, G. Attene1,
L. Cugusi1
1
University of Cagliari Hygiene and Public Health Service, ASL8 Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY,
Hygiene and Public Health Service, ASL8 Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 3Obesity Centre,
A.O.U. Cagliari-ITALY
2
045
ACUTE EFFECTS OF A COMMUNITY EXERCISE SESSION ON BLOOD
PRESSURE OF YOUNG ADULT WOMEN
R. Mendes1, J. Moutinho2, C. Abrantes1, V. Reis1, N. Sousa1
1
University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, CIDESD, Research Center in Sports,
Health Sciences and Human Development Vila Real-PORTUGAL, 2University of Trás-osMontes and Alto Douro Vila Real-PORTUGAL
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
86
september
046
AMBULATORY BLOOD PRESSURE AFTER AEROBIC EXERCISE: A PILOT
STUDY IN INSTITUTIONALIZED AND SEDENTARY ELDERLY
R. Mendes1, N. Sousa1, J. Sampaio1, V. Reis1, J. Oliveira2
1
University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, CIDESD, Research Center in Sports,
Health Sciences and Human Development Vila Real-PORTUGAL, 2University of Porto,
Faculty of Sport, CIAFEL, Research Center in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure
Porto-PORTUGAL
047
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN WITH JUVENILE
IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS
M. Monteiro, D. Queiroga, A.L. Costa
Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande Do Norte Natal-BRAZIL
PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES FOR OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE CHILDREN: THE
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PSYCHOSOCIAL BENEFITS AND CHANGES ON
OBESOGENIC HABITS
M. Monteiro, A.C. Teixeira, E. Silva, K. Da Costa, P.V. Pereira, T. Aggeo,
R. Andrade, A. Souza
SATURDAY
048
Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande Do Norte Natal-BRAZIL
049
29
CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC TORQUE IN COPD PATIENTS
N. Rinaldo1, G. Coratella1, R. Depedri2, C. Milanese1, A. Rossi3, F. Schena1,
M. Lanza1
1
Department of Neurological, Neuropsychological, Morphological and Movement
Sciences, University of Verona Verona-ITALY, 2Faculty of Exercise and Sport Science,
University of Verona Verona-ITALY, 3Cardiovascular and Thoracic Deparment,
Pneumology, ULSS 20 Verona-ITALY
050
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN MEDICAL STUDENTS
N. Saba, F. Ataei, L. Ashtari, A. Tanhaei, M. Fazeli, N. Najafi, A. Shabani,
A. Baghaki
Shariati Hospital, Social Security Organization Isfahan-IRAN
of SPORTS MEDICINE
87
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
051
PROMOTING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN OLDER MALAYS WITH DIABETES: A
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S. Sazlina1, C. Browning2, S. Yasin1
1
Monash University Sunway Campus, Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health
Sciences Bandar Sunway-MALAYSIA, 2Monash University, School of Primary Health
Care Notting Hill-AUSTRALIA
052
PHYSICAL TRAINING IMPROVES SURVIVAL RATE IN SEPSIS BY
MODULATING HOST RESPONSE AND ATTENUATING RENAL TUBULAR
INJURY
M. Sossdorf1, S. Meyer1, K. Dahlke2, A. Schrepper3, C. Bockmeyer4, A. Lupp5,
M. Kiehntopf6, J. Roedel7, R.A. Claus1, G.P. Otto8
1
Center for Sepsis Control and Care, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care,
Jena University Hospital Jena-GERMANY, 2Department of Experimental Radiology,
Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Jena University Hospital JenaGERMANY, 3Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Jena University Hospital
Jena-GERMANY, 4Institute of Pathology, Hannover Medical School Hannover-GERMANY,
5
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Jena University Hospital JenaGERMANY, 6Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics, Centralized
Diagnostic Laboratory Services, Jena University Jena-GERMANY, 7Institute of Medical
Microbiology, Jena University Hospital Jena-GERMANY, 8Department for Internal
Medicine III, Jena University Hospital Jena-GERMANY
053
IMPACT OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE ON LIPID PROFILE AND ENDOTHELIAL
FUNCTION AT OBESE SUBJECTS
M. Vasilescu1, A. Ionescu2, G. Cosma3, O. Neamtu1, R. Dumitru3
1
Kinesiology and Sports Medicine Department, University of Craiova Craiova-ROMANIA,
University of Medicine Carol Davila Bucharest-ROMANIA, 3Physical Education and
Sports Department, University of Craiova Craiova-ROMANIA
2
053 bis SITE SPECIFIC RESISTANCE TRAINING CAN INCREASE BALP, TALP AND
SEMI-DYNAMIC BALANCE IN OSTEOPOROTIC WOMEN
G. Torkaman1, N. Rezaei1, S. Movasseghe2, M. Hedayati3, N. Bayat4
1
Tarbiat Modares University Tehran-IRAN, 2Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran-IRAN, 3Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran-IRAN,
4
Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences Tehran-IRAN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
88
september
054
EFFECTS OF GENDER COMPOSITION IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES ON
STUDENTS, PHYSICAL FITNESS
D. Rezaeenia, A. Ramezani, A. Bonyan
Shahid Rajaee Teacher Trainin University Tehran-IRAN
055
PHYSICAL FITNESS IN COED AND NON -COED PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES
D. Rezaeenia, A. Ramezani, A. Bonyan, A. Razzaghi
Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran-IRAN
056
QUERCETIN SUPPLEMENTATION HAMPERS BRAIN SIRT1 EXPRESSION
INDUCED BY EXERCISE
R. Casuso1, E. Martínez-López2, D. Camiletti-Moirón3, V. Aparicio3,
R. Martínez-Romero4, F. Hita-Contreras1, A. Martínez-Amat1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén Jaén-SPAIN, 2Department of
Music, Plastical Expression and Body Language, University of Jaén Jaén-SPAIN,
3
Department of Physiology, School of Pharmacy and Institute of Nutrition and Food
Technology, University of Granada Granada-SPAIN, 4Department of Experimental
Biology, University of Jaén Jaén-SPAIN
057
SATURDAY
1
QUERCETIN SUPPLEMENTATION HAMPERS BRAIN PGC-1<ALPHA>
EXPRESSION INDUCED BY EXERCISE
R. Casuso1, E. Martínez-López2, D. Camiletti-Moirón3, V. Aparicio3,
R. Martínez-Romero4, F. Hita-Contreras1, A. Martínez-Amat1
29
1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén Jaén-SPAIN, 2Department of
Music, Plastical Expression and Body Language, University of Jaén Jaén-SPAIN,
3
Department of Physiology, School of Pharmacy and Institute of Nutrition and Food
Technology, University of Granada Granada-SPAIN, 4Department of Experimental
Biology, University of Jaén Jaén-SPAIN
058
MUTATION IN TPM1 GENE CAUSES A NOVEL SYNDROME CHARACTERIZED
BY CLINICAL AND INSTRUMENTAL FEATURES OF HYPERTROPHIC
CARDIOMYOPATHY AND BRUGADA SYNDROME
R. Mango1, B. Testa2, R. Sangiuolo3, E. Giardina2, F. Romeo1, G. Novelli2,
F. Sangiuolo2
1
Division of Cardiology, Tor Vergata University Rome-ITALY, 2Division of Genetics, Tor
Vergata University Rome-ITALY, 3Division of Cardiology, Fatebenefratelli Hospital
Naples-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
89
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
059
CHANGES OVER IMPAIRMENT OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS IN OLDER PEOPLE
DIAGNOSED WITH ALZHEIMER’S DEMENTIA WHO RECEIVED A SPECIFIC
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAM
D. Bartolomé De La Rosa1, S. Sarmiento Montesdeoca2, Y. Henríquez Del
Pino3, L. Álvarez Piñera3, D. Rodríguez Ruíz2, J.M. García Manso2
1
European University of Madrid Madrid-SPAIN, 2University of Las Palmas de Gran
Canaria Las Palmas de Gran Canaria-SPAIN, 3Alzheimer Canarias Association Las
Palmas de Gran Canaria-SPAIN
060
BMI TREND IN A COHORT OF CHILD BETWEEN 8 TO 13 YEARS OLD
S. Bartoletti, V. Cupertino
Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale Cosenza-ITALY
061
LEARNING SIMPLE AND COMPLEX MOTOR SKILLS IN FEMALE
ADOLESCENCES AND OLD WOMEN
S. Jalali1, S. Khalil Zadeh1, H. Dehyadegari1, A. Movahedi2, S. Jalali3
1
Research and Science Branch Department of Physical Education and Sport Science,
Islamic Azad University Tehran-IRAN, 2Department of Physical Education and Sport
Science, Esfahan University, Tehran-IRAN, 3Institute for Infocomm Research, Image
and Pervasive Access Lab, National University of Singapore Singapour-SINGAPORE
062
EFFECT OF AEROBIC EXERCISES ON STATIC, DYNAMIC BALANCE AND
REACTION TIME IN ELDERLY WOMEN
S. Jalali1, S. Ghasem Talebi1, H. Dehyadegari1, A. Movahedi2, S. Jalali
1
Research and Science Branch Department of Physical Education and Sport Science,
Islamic Azad University, Tehran-IRAN, 2Department of Physical Education and Sport
Science, Esfahan University, Tehran-IRAN, 5Institute for Infocomm Research, Image
and Pervasive Access Lab, National University of Singapore Singapour-SINGAPORE
063
DEVELOPMENT OF REMOTE SUPPORTING SYSTEM FOR ELDERLY TO
CONTINUE SQUARE-STEPPING EXERCISE
M. Nakagaichi
Graduate School of Health Sciences, Nagasaki Univesity Nagasaki-JAPAN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
90
september
064
EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT EDUCATION PROGRAMS ON PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF
PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
R. Roettger Katrin1, E. Grimminger1, F. Kreuser1, L. Asslaender1,
A. Gollhofer1, U. Korsten-Reck2
1
Institute of Sport and Sport Science, University of Freiburg Freiburg-GERMANY,
Department of Rehabilitative and Preventive Sports Medicine, University Medical
Center, University of Freiburg Freiburg-GERMANY
2
065
EFFECT OF TRAINING IN TWO MOTIVATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS ON
PERFORMANCE AND LEARNING OF PERCEPTUAL MOTOR TASK
M. Salianeh, A. Khalili Alashyi, A. Shafizadeh, R. Zidabadi
Physical Education and Sport Science of Tehran Tehran-IRAN
066
COMPARISON OF THE EFFECT OF SKILL TESTS ON THE PROFILE OF MOOD
STATE ON STUDENTS IN TABLE TENNIS AND VOLLEYBALL
A. Shafizadeh1, A. Azamian2, M. Hashemian2, M.A. Salianeh1, R. Zidabadi1
Physical Education and Sport Science Tehran-IRAN, 2Physical Education and Sport
Science Shahr-e-Kord-IRAN
067
SATURDAY
1
PRACTICE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, ANTHROPOMETRIC PROFILE, DIET AND
METABOLIC PARAMETERS IN EXECUTIVES CHECK-UP
P. Silva, K. Sarkis, C. Yamashita, A. Oliveira, C. Yabuta, A. Silva, A. Hayashi,
A. Carreiro, C. Kuperszmidt, R. Nahas, T. Rodrigues, R. Ciconelli
Grupo Fleury Sao Paulo-BRAZIL
068
HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE: A 3 YEARS STUDY IN TRANSPLANTED
ATHLETES
V. Totti1,2, M. Zancanaro1 A. Nanni Costa3, G.S. Roi1
1
2
069
Educational & Research Departement, Isokinetic Medical Group, Bologna-ITALY,
FITOT, Padua-Italy, 3Italian National Transplant Centre Rome-ITALY
RUNNING SCHOOLS: A NEW CONCEPT FOR INTEGRATION OF HEALTHY AND
ACTIVE LIFESTYLE IN CROATIA
P. Vlahek1, V. Matijevic-Mikelic2, P. Kisicek3
1
Spinal Unit Varazdinske, Special Rehabilitation Hospital Varazdinske Toplice, TopliceCROATIA, 2Rheumatology Department, Clinical Hospital Center Sisters of Mercy,
Zagreb-CROATIA, 3University of Kinesiology Zagreb-CROATIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
91
29
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
069 bis SPORTS MEDICINE KNOWLEDGE AND ETHICAL CHALLENGES OF
OLYMPIC EDUCATION
C. Hadjistephanou-Papaellina1, E. Isidori2
1
Department of Education, University of Cyprus, Cyprus CYPRUS, 2Department of
Educational Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY
070
THE EFFECT OF SELECTED AEROBIC TRAININGS ON THE LEVEL OF INTER
CELLULAR ADHESION MOLECULE-1 AND LEPTIN IN THE SERUM OF
MIDDLE AGED FEMALES
M. Ghasemi Artiyan, H. Rafat Panah, M. Yazdanian, V. Boghr Abadi,
M. Hejazi
Mashhad Azad University Mashhad-IRAN
071
THE EFFECT OF SELECTED DIET ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL
CHARACTERISTICS OF PROFESSIONAL ARCHERS, WOMEN IN LUTEAL
PERIOD
S. Ghasempour, F. Ghasempour, K. Ebrahim, H. Ahmadi
Archery Fedration Ofiran Tehran-IRAN
072
ASSESSMENT OF QUADRICEPS STRETCHING IN PFPS
F. Graziani1, J. Coudreuse1, S. Mesure2
1
Sport Medical University Marseille Marseille-FRANCE, 2Staps University Marseille
Marseille-FRANCE
073
MELOXICAM AS A TREATMENT FOR LOW BACK PAIN IN ATHLETES
N. Syrmos
Neurosurgery Department, Venizeleio General Hospital, Heraklion, Crete, Greece-GREECE
074
GROWTH, PUBERTAL DEVELOPMENT, MENSTRUAL FUNCTION, BONE
ACQUISITION AND HORMONAL HOMEOSTASIS IN ELITE RHYTHMIC GYMNASTS
M. Leglise1, N.A. Georgopoulos2
1
FIG-International Federation of Gymnastics International Federation of Gymnastics
Medic, Lausanne-SWITZERLAND, 2University of Patras Medical School, University
Hospital Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetric, Rio PatrasGREECE
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
92
september
075
STRATEGIES AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MANAGING ATHLETE
BEHAVIOUR
B. Harris-Reeves, J. Skinner, P. Milburn
Griffith University Gold Coast-AUSTRALIA
076
EXERCISE-INDUCED HEMORHEOLOGY EFFECTS IN YOUNG SUBJECTS
R. Alis1, M. Romagnoli1, S. Ibañez1, A. Vaya2
1
Catholic University Valencia Valencia-SPAIN, 2Hemorheology and Thrombosis Unit, La
Fe University Hospital Valencia-SPAIN
077
THE ELASTIN AND FIBRILLIN2 GENES AND THE RISK OF ACHILLES
TENDON PATHOLOGY
L. El Khoury1, M. Posthumus2, M. Collins2,3, C. Handley4, J. Cook5, S. Raleigh1
The Division of Health and Life Sciences, University of Northampton NorthamptonUNITED KINGDOM, 2UCT, MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine,
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town Cape Town-SOUTH AFRICA, 3South
African Medical Research Council Cape Town-SOUTH AFRICA, 4School of Human
Biosciences and the Musculoskeletal Research Centre, La Trobe University MelbourneAUSTRALIA, 5Centre of Physical Activity and Nutritional Research, School of Exercise
and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University Melbourne-AUSTRALIA
078
PLATELET-RICH PLASMA AND TGF-BETA ANTAGONISTS AS NEW POTENT
THERAPEUTICS FOR MUSCLE INJURIES REPAIR
R. Kelc1, M. Trapecar2, L. Gradisnik2, R. Mlakar3, M.S. Rupnik3, A. Cencic2,
M. Vogrin1
1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Clinical Center Maribor MariborSLOVENIA, 2Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University
of Maribor Maribor-SLOVENIA, 3Institute of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University
of Maribor Maribor-SLOVENIA
079
THE EFFECTS OF CALORIC RESTRICTION AND EXERCISE ON SKELETAL
MUSCLE MITOCHONDRIAL BIOGENESIS IN SELECTIVELY BRED RATS OF
RUNNING CAPACITY
F. Torma, N. Hart, L. Sárga, Z. Radák
Research Institute of Sport Sciences Budapest-HUNGARY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
93
SATURDAY
1
29
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
080
ORIGINAL METHOD TO CALCULATE SUBJECT MAXIMUM FAT OXIDATION
(S.FATMAX) WITH INDIRECT CALORIMETRY
P. Azzolini
FMSI-Institute of Sport Medicine, University of Bologna Bologna-ITALY
081
TREATMENT OF THE ACHILLE’S TENDINOSIS WITH PLATELET RICH PLASMA
(PRP)
M. Gelfi1, F. Caroli1, R. Griner1, D. Mazzoleni1, E. Agostinelli2
1
082
Italian Federation of Sport Medicine Bergamo-ITALY, 2A.O. Treviglio Bergamo-ITALY
INFLUENCE OF A CUSTOM MADE MAXILLARY MOUTHGUARD ON EXERCISE
PERFORMANCE OF AMATEUR ROAD CYCLISTS
P. Malpezzi, S. Uliari, M. Spiridonova, G. Grossi, F. Terranova, G. Collini,
G. Mazzoni, L. Amabile, G. Grazzi
Center of Biomedical Studies Applied to Sport, University of Ferrara Ferrara-ITALY
083
MRI APPLIED TO THE CYCLE OF KNEE JOINT INJURIES REHABILITATION
OF SOCCER PLAYERS: IS IT USEFUL?
M. Miceli1, M. Ridolfi2, P. Zunarelli3
1
U.O Radiologia S. Giovanni in Persiceto e Ospedale Maggiore Bologna-ITALY, 2U.O.
Radiologia D’Urgenza Ospedale S. Orsola Bologna-ITALY, 3Centro di Riabilitazione
Isokinetic Bologna-ITALY
084
EVALUATION OF METHODS FOR ANAEROBIC POWER DYNAMIC AND
ISOKINETIC IN VENEZUELAN NATIONAL WOMEN VOLLEYBALL
M. Miranda Cruz
Medical Services of The Ministry of Sport Caracas-VENEZUELA
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
94
september
POSTER SESSION 3 14.30-15.30
Chairmen: R. Cantore (ITALY); A. Marciano (ITALY)
085
THE EFFECT OF SINGLE WHOLE-BODY CRYOSTIMULATION ON OXIDANTANTIOXIDANT BALANCE AND INFLAMMATORY PROCESS IN FOOTBALL
PLAYERS
C. Mila-Kierzenkowska1, A. Jurecka2, A. Wozniak1, A. Araszkiewicz3,
B. Augustynska3, R. Wesolowski1, P. Sutkowy1
1
Collegium Medicum of Nicolaus Copernicus University, The Chair of Medical Biology
Bydgoszcz-POLAND, 2Department of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Traumatology,
Collegium Medicum of Jagiellonian University, Krakow-POLAND, 3Department of
Psychiatry, Collegium Medicum of Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz-POLAND
THE EFFECT OF WHOLE-BODY CRYOSTIMULATION DURING TRAINING ON
HEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN BLOOD OF
KAYAKERS
R. Wesolowski1, A. Wozniak2, C. Mila-Kierzenkowska2, A. Rakowski3,
P. Rajewski4, T. Boraczynski5
SATURDAY
086
29
1
Student Scientific Group of Medical Biology, Collegium Medicum of Nicolaus
Copernicus University Bydgoszcz-POLAND, 2The Chair of Medical Biology, Collegium
Medicum of Nicolaus Copernicus University Bydgoszcz-POLAND, 3Zawisza Civilian and
Military Sports Union Bydgoszcz-POLAND, 4Department of Nephrology and Internal
Medicine, City Hospital Bydgoszcz-POLAND, 5Central Research Laboratory, Jozef
087
HYALURONAN BEFORE OSTEOARTHRITIS: ABOUT 339 SPORTSMEN
J. Volante1, M. Bouvard2
1
Institut National du Sport Paris-FRANCE, 2Centre de Biologie et de Médecine du Sport
Pau-FRANCE
088
VISCOSUPPLEMENTATION OF SMALL JOINTS: ABOUT 84 PATIENTS
J. Volante1, M. Bouvard2
1
Insep Paris-FRANCE, 2Centre de Medecine du Sport De Pau Pau-FRANCE
of SPORTS MEDICINE
95
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
089
EFFECT OF SIX SESSION OF ENDURANCE TRAINING AND SILYMARIN
CONSUMPTION ON AXIS OF GROWTH HORMONE, INTERLOKIN-6 AND
TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR MAN
S. Alavi, F. Ghazalian
Sience Research Branch Islamic Azad Univercity Tehran Tehran-IRAN
090
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PLASMA LIPID PROFILE AND MAXIMAL
EXERCISE CAPACITY IN RATS
D. Camiletti-Moirón1, V.A. Aparicio1, R.A. Casuso2, E. Nebot1, S. Martín1,
G. Kapravelou1, J.M. Porres1, P. Aranda1
1
Department of Physiology, School of Pharmacy and Institute of Nutrition and Food
Technology, University of Granada Granada-SPAIN, 2Department of Health Sciences,
University of Jaén Jaén-SPAIN
091
ANTIOXIDANT QUERCETIN EFFECTS ON BRAIN NITRIC OXIDE PRODUCTION
IN TRAINED RATS
D. Camiletti-Moirón1, R.A. Casuso2, A. Martínez-Amat2, R. Martínez-Romero3,
D. Hita-Contreras2, V.A. Aparicio1, E. Martínez-López4
1
Department of Physiology, School of Pharmacy and Institute of Nutrition and Food
Technology, University of Granada Granada-SPAIN, 2Department of Health Sciences,
University of Jaén Jaén-SPAIN, 3Department of Experimental Biology, University of
Jaén Jaén-SPAIN, 4Department of Music, Plastical Expression and Body Language,
University of Jaén Jaén-SPAIN
092
YOUNG ELITE MALE FIELD HOCKEY PLAYERS START EXERISE
HYPOHYDRATED
T. Devreker1, T. Decraene1, T. Mertens T.2, M. Vercammen3, Y. Vandenplas1
1
Universitair Kinderziekenhuis Brussel-BELGIUM, 2Koninklijke Belgische Hockey Bond
Brussel-BELGIUM, 3Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel-BELGIUM, 4Universitair
Kinderziekenhuis Brussel-BELGIUM
093
THE EFFECT OF BETA-HYDROXY-BETA-METHYLBUTYRIC ACID (HMB)
SUPPLY ON ANAEROBIC FITNESS OF ATHLETES PRACTICING JUDO AND
BRAZILIAN JIU-JITSU
K. Durkalec-Michalski, J. Jeszka
Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Department of Hygiene and Human Nutrition,
University of Life Sciences in Poznan Poznan-POLAND
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
96
september
094
THE EFFECT OF COMBINATION EIGHT WEEKS RESISTANCE TRAINING AND
HMB ON RENAL INDICES AND BODY COMPOSITION OF UNTRAINED MALES
M. Ghafoorian1, M. Faramarzi2, E. Banitalebi2
1
Sama Technical and Vocational Training College, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz
Branch, Shiraz-IRAN, 2University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord-IRAN
095
IMPROVEMENT IN CARDIOMETABOLIC AND BIOMECHANIC PARAMETERS
AFTER THREE MONTHS OF TRAINING IN OBESE WOMEN
R. Milia1, M. Pau2, D. Lai1, A. Loi2, S. Roberto1, E. Marongiu1, S. Olla1,
M. Pinna1, A. Concu1, F. Velluzzi1, A. Loviselli1
1
Department of Medical Sciences, University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2Department of
Mechanical Engineering, University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY
096
SEASONAL VARIATION OF THE ENDOGENOUS STEROID PROFILE IN
PROFESSIONAL BASEBALL ATHLETES
A. Pegueros Pérez1, M.A. Serrano Ochoa2, J.M. Herrera Navarro3
1
097
SATURDAY
Department of Exercise Pharmacology, National Institute of Rehabilitation, Distrito
Federal-MEXICO, 2Department of Sports Medicine, Mexican Baseball League, Distrito
Federal-MEXICO, 3Department of Sports Medicine and Applied Sciences, National
Commission of Physical Culture and Sports, Distrito Federal-MEXICO
29
DIFFERENCES IN CARDIOMETABOLIC RESPONCE TO INCREMENTAL
EXERCISE BETWEEN OBESE AND NORMAL-WEIGHT FEMALE SUBJECTS
S. Roberto, R. Milia, D. Lai, E. Marongiu, S. Olla, F. Tocco, A. Concu,
A. Loviselli, F. Velluzzi
Department of Medical Sciences, University of Cagliari, Sardinian Cagliari-ITALY
098
ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION IN IRANIAN ADOLESCENT NATIONAL
SOCCER PLAYERS
A. Kashani1, M. Daneshi1, M. Safarpour1, T. Seifbarghi2, K. Djafarian1
1
Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, School of Public Health, Tehran University
of Medical Sciences, Tehran-IRAN, 2Faculty of Medicine, Sports Medicine Research
Center, Tehran-IRAN
of SPORTS MEDICINE
97
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
099
HEMOGLOBINE LEVELS IN A PRE-PARTICIPANT SCRENNING OF
COMPETITIVE BRAZILIAN SURFERS
M. Baboghluian
Marazul Institute, Sports Medicine Sao Paulo-BRAZIL
100
SPIROMETRIC EVALUATION OF BMI IN A SAMPLE OF YOUNG ATHLETES
FROM COMPETITIVE SPORTS
S. Bartoletti, V. Cupertino, N. Avventuriera
Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale Cosenza-ITALY
101
INCIDENTAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHYC FINDING OF COR TRIATRIATUM
SINISTER IN 43Y OLD TRIATHLETE
M. Bolognesi, D. Bolognesi
Sport Cardiology Center Cesena-ITALY
102
CORRELATIONS BETWEEN CARDIAC AND PULMONARY VAGAL ACTIVITIES
IN PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS
M. Bonaiuto, F. Speciale, D. Buda, D. Di Mauro, F. Trimarchi, L. Magaudda
Department of Biomorphology and Biotechnologies, University of Messina, MessinaITALY
103
PHYSIOLOGICAL VALUES AND ARTERIAL OXYGEN SATURATION BEFORE
AND AFTER SUB-MAXIMAL EXERCISE TEST IN YOUNG ATHLETES
R. Conte1, S. Baracchi2, F. Giada3
1
Sports Medicine Unit Venice-ITALY, 2Cardiovascular Department, Civil Hospital VeniceITALY, 3Sports Medicine Centre, PF Calvi Hospital Noale, Venice-ITALY
104
EXPERIENCE OF USING HIGH-TECH METHODS IN ISSUES IF EXPERT
EVALUATION OF ATHLETES WITH TRICUSPID VALVE INSUFFICIENCY
N. Korchazhkina, K. Kotenko, V. Firsakova, O. Maslennikova, M. Petrova,
A. Mikhailova
Burnasyan FMBC of The FMBA of Russia Moscow-RUSSIA
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
98
september
105
HANDBALL PLAYERS’ANKLE JOINT RANGE OF MOTION IN DIFFERENT KNEE
JOINT ANGLES
K. Manavis1, G. Papaiakovou2, V. Panoutsakopoulos2, T. Nikodelis2,
M. Kotzamanidou1, E. Stefas1, D. Alaseirlis3, K. Natsis4, I. Kollias2
1
Greek Handball Federation Athens-GREECE, 2Department of Physical Education &
Sport Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Thessaloniki-GREECE, 3General
Hospital of Giannitsa Giannitsa-GREECE, 4Medical School, Aristotle University of
Thessaloniki Thessaloniki-GREECE
106
AVELLINO SPORT’S MEDICINE CENTER: EPIDEMIOLOGIC OBSERVATION
POINT, HEALTH EDUCATION AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE STRUCTURE
L. Marino, E. Bellucci, M. Coclite
Sport Medicine Center Avellino-ITALY
ASSESSING CARDIOVASCULAR MATURATION FOR SPORTS – LEFT
VENTRICULAR MASS VALUES IN PORTUGUESE YOUNG ATHLETES
M. Miranda1, J. Beckert2, V. Fonseca3, A. Freitas1
SATURDAY
107
1
Sports Medicine Department, Sports & Youth Institute Lisbon-PORTUGAL, 2CEDOC,
Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa Lisbon-PORTUGAL,
3
Escola Superior de Tecnologias de Saude Lisbon-PORTUGAL
108
29
BODY MASS COMPONENTS IN SENIOR SOCCER PLAYERS FROM THE
REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
S. Nikolic, J. Pluncevic Gligoroska, S. Mancevska, L. Todorovska,
B. Dejanova, S. Petrovska, L. Efremovska
Medical Faculty, Institute of Physiology Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF
MACEDONIA
109
PARTIAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION. THE
IMPORTANCE OF 12-LEAD ELETTROCARDIOGRAM
P. Pasqualini1, F. Simoni2, S. Severi1
1
U.O. Cardiologia Grosseto-ITALY, 2U.O. Medicina dello Sport Grosseto-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
99
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
110
ANTHROPOMETRIC PARAMETERES OF SOCCER PLAYERS FROM THE
REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
J. Pluncevic Gligoroska, S. Nikolic, S. Mancevska, L. Todorovska,
B. Dejanova, V. Maleska, S. Petrovska, V. Antevska
Medical Faculty, Institute of Physiology Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF
MACEDONIA
111
SKELETAL MUSCLE IMPAIRMENT IN CHILDREN AFTER TREATMENT FOR
LEUKEMIA
L. Pollastri1, F. Lanfranconi1, A. Ferri1, D. Fraschini2, G. Masera2,
G. Miserocchi1
1
Department of Experimental Medicine, Laboratory of Clinical Physiology and Sport
Medicine, University of Milan, Bicocca Monza-ITALY, 2Department of Pediatrics,
University of Milan, Bicocca, Ospedale San Gerardo Monza-ITALY
112
PROFESSIONAL SPORTSMEN AND EPILEPSY
S. Sekulic, K. Gebauer-Bukurov, S. Sakac, K. Bozic, A. Jesic, M. Poznic-Jesic,
J.Podgorac
Clinical Center of Vojvodina Novi Sad-SERBIA
113
THE USE OF TECARTHERAPY IN THE TREATMENT OF HEMATOMA. CASE
STUDY
D. Aftosmidis1, I. Zakalka2, C. Merianou2, K. Natsis3
1
Asklepeio Physiotherapy Clinic Thessaloniki-GREECE, 2Department of Physiotherapy,
Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki-GREECE, 3Department of Medicine,
Aristotel University, Thessaloniki-GREECE
114
REVISITING THE PROTOCOL TO CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT AND COSTAL
REHABILITATION FOR DIAGNOSIS OF DISC PROTUSION IN ATHLETES
M. Baboghluian
Instituto Marazul Sao Paulo-BRAZIL
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
100
september
115
OUTCOME AFTER ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION.
ALLOGRAFT VS AUTOGRAFT IN THE GAINING OF COMPETITIVE SPORT
ACTIVITY
E. Bizzarini1,2, C. Driussi2,3, L. Iona1, R. Menosso1, C. Moschioni1, M. Polo1,
C. Tolazzi1, A. Zampa1
1
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Institute, Udine-ITALY, 2Sport Medicine Association of Friuli Udine-ITALY, 3School of
Sport Medicine, Udine University, Udine-ITALY
116
THE METHOD OF EXTRA-ROTATION IN THE TREATMENT OF ANTERIOR
SHOULDER DISLOCATION IN ATHLETES
R. Magnanellii, F. Santelli, M. Marinelli
117
ULTRASOUND-GUIDED PERCUTANEOUS TREATMENT OF COCCYGODYNIA IN
STAGE RACE CYCLISTS
M. Baglietto1, D. Orlandi1, C. Martini1, G. Grillo2, F. Lacelli2,
L.M. Sconfienza3, G. Serafini2
1
Radiology Department, Genoa University Genoa-ITALY, 2Radiology Department,
Ospedale Santa Corona Pietra Ligure (SV)-ITALY, 3Radiology Department, Policlinico
San Donato San Donato Milanese (MI)-ITALY
29
117 bis REHABILTATION PROTOCOLS USING WELLNESS® SOFTWARE FOR HIGH
LEVEL ATHLETES
J. Filliard, F. Perrin
INSEP, Medical Department Paris-FRANCE
118
SATURDAY
Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti Ancona Ancona-ITALY
INJURY SURVEILLANCE DATA COLLECTED BY SPORTS TRAINERS AT THE
2007, 2009 AND 2011 AUSTRALIAN UNIVERSITY GAMES
M. Brown
Sports Medicine Australia Brisbane-AUSTRALIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
101
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
119
FITOC (FREIBURG INTERVENTION TRIAL FOR OBESE CHILDREN):
COMPARISON OF DAILY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN NORMAL AND
OVERWEIGHT CHILDREN
F. Kreuser1, K. Roettger2, A. Gollhofer2, U. Korsten-Reck1
1
Department of Rehabilitative and Preventive Sports Medicine, University Medical
Center Freiburg-GERMANY, 2Institute of Sport and Sport Science Freiburg-GERMANY
120
LEFT VENTRICULAR FALSE TENDON AND REPOLARIZATION
ABNORMALITIES IN HEALTHY YOUNG SUBJECTS
Z. Lazarevic1, V. D’Addio1,2, E. Guerra1, E. Ciminelli1, A. Parisi1, F. Pigozzi1
1
University of Rome Foro Italico Rome-ITALY, 2Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY
121
EFFECTS OF ACUTE OR CHRONIC HYPOXIA ON REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES
PRODUCTION ASSESSED BY ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE
S. Mrakic-Sposta1, M. Gussoni1, M. Montorsi2,3, S. Porcelli2,3, A. Vezzoli3,
C. Marconi3, P. Cerretelli3
1
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biomediche, Università di Milano, Milan-ITALY,
Università Telematica S. Raffaele Rome-ITALY, 3CNR, Istituto di Bioimmagini e di
Fisiologia Molecolare Milan-ITALY
2
122
TRAVEL MEDICINE AND SPORTS MEDICINE: THE NEED OF A
COLLABORATION
W. Pasini1, D. Gambarara2, V. Lamberti3
1
Centre of Travel Medicine and Global Health Rimini-ITALY, 2Public Health Unit RiminiITALY, 3FMSI National Board Rome-ITALY
123
MASS GATHERING AND PUBLIC HEALTH
W. Pasini1, D. Gambarara2, V. Lamberti3
1
Centre of Travel Medicine and Global Health Rimini-ITALY, 2Public Health Unit RiminiITALY, 3FMSI National Board Rome-ITALY
124
DOES PHYSICAL FITNESS NEAR TO SEA LEVEL HELP MOUNTAINEERS TO
AVOID ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS AT HIGH ALTITUDE?
V. Tadibi, N. Abdollahi
Faculty of Physical Education, Razi University Kermanshah-IRAN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
102
september
POSTER SESSION 4 14.30-15.30
Chairmen: A. Calligaris (ITALY); F. Santelli (ITALY)
125
CHANGES IN RESPONSE OF VASTUS LATERALIS AFTER A PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY PROGRAM IN SUBJECTS DIAGNOSED WITH ALZHEIMER’S
DISEASE
D. Rodriguez-Matoso1, T. Valverde2, S. Sarmiento1, D. Bartolomé De La Rosa1,
J.M. García-Manso, D.1 Rodriguez-Ruiz
1
University Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Las Palmas-SPAIN, 2University Católica de
Valencia (San Vicente Mártir) Valencia-SPAIN
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MOTIVATIONAL CLIMATE IN TEAM WITH
COACHES’ BEHAVIOR TOWARDS INJURED ATHLETES
R. Zeidabadi, E. Arabameri, M.A. Saliane, A. Shafizadeh
SATURDAY
126
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran Tehran-IRAN
127
29
ANABOLICS ABUSE AND CARDIOMYOPATHY IN A BODYBUILDER: CASE
REPORT
D. Chaparoska1, V. Spirovska2
1
University Clinic of Urgent Internal Medicine Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF
MACEDONIA, 2University Clinic of Cardiology Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF
MACEDONIA
128
BLOOD GENE EXPRESSION PROFILES OF RECOMBINANT HUMAN
ERYTHROPOIETIN IN ENDURANCE TRAINED INDIVIDUALS
J. Durussel1, E. Daskalaki2, T. Chatterji1, W. Crawford1, J. Mcculloch1,
N. Padmanabhan1, R.K. Patel1, S. Padmanabhan1, P. Herzyk3, G. Gmeiner4,
M.W. Mcbride1, J.D. Mcclure1, Y.P. Pitsiladis1
1
Institute of Cardiovascular & Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life
Sciences, University of Glasgow Glasgow-UNITED KINGDOM, 2Strathclyde Institute of
Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences, University of Strathclyde Glasgow-UNITED KINGDOM,
3
Institute of Molecular, Cell & Systems Biology, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life
Sciences, University of Glasgow Glasgow-UNITED KINGDOM, 4Seibersdorf Labor GmbH
Seibersdorf-AUSTRIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
103
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
129
RISK FACTORS FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN COLLEGE STUDENT
F. Hashemi, A. Kashi, Z. Sarlak
Azad University Ahwaz-IRAN
130
THE IMPACT OF A TEAM BASKETBALL TRAINING PROGRAMME IN THE
PULMONARY FUNCTION OF CHILDREN FROM 8 TO 12 Y.O.
D. Aftosmidis1, H. Glaros1, I. Zakalka2, C. Merianou2
1
Asklepeio Physiotherapy Clinic Thessaloniki-GREECE, 2Department of Physiotherapy,
Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki-GREECE
131
PACING DURING ENDURANCE EXERCISE IS NOT ADEQUATELY REGULATED
BY A SUBCONSCIOUS INTERNAL CLOCK
A. Amin, G. Pereira, B. Pageaux, S. Marcora
1
132
University of Kent Chatham-UNITED KINGDOM, 2Positivo University Curitiba-BRAZIL
THE POSITIVE EFFECTS OF PLAYING BASKETBALL ON FUNCTIONAL
ABILITIES OF YOUNG GIRLS
T. Antic, N. Dikic, N. Radivojevic, M. Andjelkovic, M. Vesic Vukasinovic,
D. Curcic, S. Vujic
Sports Medicine Association of Serbia Belgrade-SERBIA
133
THE EFFECT OF 50 M SPRINT SWIMMING ON HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN
13-14 YEAR-OLD BOYS
D. Aras, F. Akca, C. Akalan, M. Koz, T. Sarikaya
Department of Physical Education and Sports, Ankara University Ankara-TURKEY
134
BRAIN ENDURANCE TRAINING IMPROVES ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE
A. Blanchfield1, S.M. Marcora2
1
Bangor University, School of Sport Health and Exercise Sciences Bangor-UNITED
KINGDOM, 2University of Kent, Centre for Sports Studies Kent-UNITED KINGDOM
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
104
september
135
LEVEL OF OVERTRAINING IN YOUNG GOALKEEPERS, BASED ON THE SFMS
(SOCIÉTÉ FRANÇAISE DE MÉDICINE DU SPORT) QUESTIONNAIRE OF
OVERTRAINING
A. Blazkiewicz1, P. Domaniecki2
1
Faculty of Rehabilitation, Department of Physiotherapy, Jozef Pilsudski University of
Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw-POLAND, 2FC Legia Warsaw, Poland
136
SEASONAL VARIATION OF HAEMOGLOBIN MASS IN PROFESSIONAL
CYCLISTS
A. Bosio1, C. Pecci1, C. Guardascione2, D. Carlomagno1, P. Artuso1,
E. Rampinini1,3
1
Human Performance Laboratory, Mapei Sport Research Center Castellanza (VA)-ITALY,
Team Lampre ISD Milan-ITALY, 3Department of Sport, Nutrition and Health Sciences,
Faculty of Exercise and Sports Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano Milan-ITALY
137
EFFECT OF SHOE SOLE FLEXIBILITY ON SHANK MUSCLES AND LOWER
LIMB JOINTS IN DIFFERENT SPEEDS
C.H. Chen1, C.F. Hsieh2, Y. Shih2, T.Y. Shiang2
1
Department of Physical Education, National Taiwan Normal University Taipei-TAIWAN,
Graduate Institute of Exercise and Sport Science, National Taiwan Normal University
Taipei-TAIWAN
2
138
THE USE OF THE MINIMAL INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCE AS A TRAINING
MONITORING AND CONTROLLING TOOL
J. Claudino, B. Mezêncio, R. Soncin, J. Ferreira, A. Azevedo, J. Pinho,
R. Andrade, H. Roschel, A. Amadio, J. Serrão
University of São Paulo São Paulo-BRAZIL
139
IBUPROFEN ADMINISTRATION ATTENUATES PRO-INFLAMMATORY
CYTOKINES AFTER EXHAUSTIVE EXERCISE IN RAT BRAIN
F. Diniz Lima, D. Stamm, L. Rambo, M. Fighera, F. Fiorin, G. Busanello,
R. Gerbatin, G. Bresciani, M. Amaral, L.F. Royes
Laboratório de Bioquímica do Excercício, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa
Maria - Rs-BRAZIL
of SPORTS MEDICINE
105
SATURDAY
2
29
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
140
ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION AND ANAEROBIC PERFORMANCE IN
A SELECTED GROUP OF ATHLETES PRACTICING ROWING
K. Durkalec-Michalski, J. Jeszka
Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Department of Hygiene and Human Nutrition,
University of Life Sciences in Poznan Poznan-POLAND
141
EVALUATING FACTORS OF IMMEDIATE NEUTROPHILIA AND
LYMPHOCYTOSIS INDUCED BY ACUTE STRENUOUS EXERCISE
K. Fukada1, H. Kushi2
1
2
142
Graduate School of Literature and Social Science, Nihon University, Tokyo-JAPAN,
Department of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, Tokyo-JAPAN
STATIC STRETCHING CAN IMPAIR EXPLOSIVE PERFORMANCE FOR AT LEAST
24 HOURS IN SOCCER PLAYERS
M. Haddad1, A. Chaouachi1, D. Wong2, A. Dridi1, D. Behm3, K. Chamari1
1
Tunisian Research Laboratory Sports Performance Optimization, National Center of
Medicine and Science in Sports Tunis-TUNISIA, 2Department of Health and Physical
Education, The Hong Kong Institute of Education Hong Kong-HONG KONG, 3School of
Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland NewfoundlandCANADA
143
TALENT IDENTIFICATION & EARLY DEVELOP PROGRAMED
D. Ikwuagwu
Unique, Ultimate FC & Academy Lagos-NIGERIA
144
THE EFFECTS OF A VOLLEYBALL MATCH ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND
OXIDATIVE STRESS MARKERS
N. Karaca1, F. Turgay2, G. Rudarli Nalcakan2, M. Nalcakan3, A.R. Sisman4
1
Isikkent Education Campus, Physical Education Department Izmir-TURKEY, 2School of
Physical Education and Sports, Coaching Education Department, Ege University, IzmirTURKEY, 3Esrefpasa Municipality Hospital, Sports Medicine Department Izmir-TURKEY,
4
Medical Faculty, Biochemistry Department, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir-TURKEY
145
STRESS AND PERFORMANCE OF BRAZILIAN PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS
B. Keller1, J.M.F. Stefanello1, I. Balen1, F.B. Justus2, C. Godoy2, R.W. Coelho1
1
Federal University of Paraná Curitiba-BRAZIL, 2Podium Curitiba-BRAZIL
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
106
september
146
PRELIMINARY EVIDENCE OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMERCIAL
MENTORING FOR PHYSIOTHERAPISTS
M. Kenihan1, J. Ford2
1
147
Lifecare Health Melbourne-AUSTRALIA, 2Latrobe University Melbourne-AUSTRALIA
SWIMMING OBSTACLE COURSE PERFORMANCE: THE PARTICIPATED
PHYSIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS
I. Kostoulas, S. Kounalakis, K. Havenetidis, I. Giossos, T. Paxinos
Faculty of Physical & Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, Vari-GREECE
148
THE EFFECTS OF COREPOWER MACHINE TRAINING VERSUS HOME-BASED
CORE TRAINING ON GOLFERS’ PHYSICAL FITNESS AND SPORT
PERFORMANCE
H. Loock, J. Grace, S. Semple
149
THE EFFECT OF ANKLE STABILIZING TAPING ON THE STATIC AND DYNAMIC
BALANCE
B. Molics1, T. Mintál2, L. Nõt2, J. Kránicz1, I. Boncz1
1
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pecs, Pécs-HUNGARY, 2Institute for
Musculoskeletal Surgery, University of Pecs, Pécs-HUNGARY
150
PHYSICAL FITNESS IS ASSOCIATED WITH BMI AND BODY FAT PERCENTAGE
IN SOCCER PLAYERS AGED 12-14 YEARS
P. Nikolaidis
Department of Physical and Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, AthensGREECE
151
BODY MASS INDEX AND BODY FAT PERCENTAGE ARE ASSOCIATED WITH
DECREASED PHYSICAL FITNESS IN ADOLESCENT AND ADULT FEMALE
VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS
P. Nikolaidis
Department of Physical and Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, AthensGREECE
of SPORTS MEDICINE
107
SATURDAY
Department of Biokinetics & Sport Science, Univeristy of Zululand, Richards BaySOUTH AFRICA
29
s a t u r d a y, 2 9
152
PHYSICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ALPINE SKIERS
AND RANKING
V. Preobrazhenskiy, O. Zinovyev, D. Vnukov, A. Preobrazhenskiy
Department of Sports Medicine, Treatment and Rehabilitation Centre, Moscow-RUSSIA
153
THE EFFECT OF LEGS ACTION ON ENERGY COST AND PERFORMANCE
DURING MAXIMAL FRONT CRAWL SWIMMING
J. Ribeiro, P. Figueiredo, A. Sousa, K. De Jesus, J.P. Vilas-Boas, R.J. Fernandes
CIFI2D-Faculty of Sport and Porto Biomechanics Laboratory-LABIOMEP-, University of
Porto Porto-PORTUGAL
154
VENTILATORY GAS EXCHANGE PARAMETERS DURING AN EXTREME
SWIMMING EFFORT
J. Ribeiro1, A. Sousa1, J. Monteiro2, K. De Jesus1, J.P. Vilas-Boas1,
R.J. Fernandes1
1
CIFI2D-Faculty of Sport and Porto Biomechanics Laboratory-LABIOMEP-, University of
Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 2Requinte/Farma, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto
Porto-PORTUGAL
155
THE STUDY OF THE FREE STYLE AND GREEK-ROMAN WRESTLING: THE CASE
OF ALBANIAN JUNIORS
Z. Shehu, L. Bukaci, M. Tare, R. Shatku
University of Sport Tirane-ALBANIA
156
BIOCHEMICAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL PROFILE OF MALE AND FEMALE
PLAYERS AFTER OFFICIAL SOCCER GAMES
A. Souglis1, N. Geladas1, A. Travlos2, A. Sotiropoulos1
1
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Athens, AthensGREECE, 2Department of Sports Organization and Management, University of
Peloponnese, Sparta-GREECE
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
108
september
157
DISTANCE COVERED BY PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS ACCORDING TO
PLAYING POSITION
A. Souglis1, A. Travlos2, N. Geladas1, A. Sotiropoulos1
1
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Athens, AthensGREECE, 2Department of Sports Organization and Management, University of
Peloponnese, Sparta-GREECE
158
USING EFFORT PERCEPTION TO QUANTIFY THE TRAINING LOAD DURING
DIFFERENT MODES OF KARATE TRAINING SESSIONS
M. Tabben1, R. Sioud1,2, J. Coquart1, K. Chamari2, C. Tourny-Chollet1
1
CETAPS, University of Rouen Rouen-FRANCE, 2Sports Performance Optimization,
Tunisian Research Laboratory Tunis-TUNISIA
EFFECTS OF STATIC STRETCHING WITH DIFFERENT DURATIONS ON
STRENGTH AND RANGE OF MOTION OF WRIST IN FEMALE ROCK CLIMBERS
V. Tadibi, S. Kamankesh
Faculty of Physical Education, Razi University Kermanshah-IRAN
160
EFFECT OF THE ECCENTRIC PHASE IN THE STRETCH REFLEX USE DURING
BENCH PRESS
F. Castillo1, T. Valverde2, J.M. García-Manso1, A. Pérez-Guerra1, A. Morales1,
J. Sánchez-Flores1, D. Rodríguez-Ruiz1
1
2
161
University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Las Palmas de Gran Canaria-SPAIN,
Catholic University of Valencia Valencia-SPAIN
DIFFERENCES ON BODY COMPOSITION AND PHYSICAL FITNESS BETWEEN
SPANISH AND MOROCCAN WOMEN
V. Virginia1,2, D. Camiletti-Moiron1,2, A. Carbonell-Baeza2, D. El Oudghiri3,
R. Casuso4, S. Martín1, M. Delgado-Fernández2, P. Aranda1
1
Department of Physiology and Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology GranadaSPAIN, 2Department of Physical Education and Sport, School of Sports Sciences
Granada-SPAIN, 3Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, University
Abdelmalek Essaadi Tetouan-MOROCCO, 4Department of Health Sciences, University of
Jaen Jaén-SPAIN
of SPORTS MEDICINE
109
SATURDAY
159
29
saturday, 29 september
162
EVALUATION OF BEHAVIORAL LEAFLET AND MOBILE PHONE
INTERVENTION ON WEIGHT CONTROL IN JAPANESE FEMALE ADOLESCENTS
K. Yamatsu
Saga University Saga City-JAPAN
163
EFFECT OF USING MOUTHGUARD ON ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC
PERFORMANCE OF COMBAT SPORT ATHLETES
H. Yarar, U. Karli, K. Aydin, H. Erdem, H. Uzum
Abant Izzet Baysal University, School of Physical Education and Sport Bolu-TURKEY
164
COMPARING TWO MODES OF EXERCISE TRAINING WITH DIFFERENT
INTENSITY ON BODY COMPOSITION AND FAT OXIDATION IN OBESE YOUNG
GIRLS
R. Eimari Eskandari1, S. Zilaeibouri2, M. Zilaeibouri3
1
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Arsanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University
Arsanjan-IRAN, 2Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Masjed Soleyman Branch,
Islamic Azad University Masjed Soleyman-IRAN, 3Faculty of Physical Education and
Sport, Tarbiyat Modares University Tehran-IRAN
165
SPORT INJURIES IN SELF-DEFENCE TRAINING
B. Zorec1, R. Zorec2, M. Jeler2
1
2
166
Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor Ljubljana-SLOVENIA,
Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana Ljubljana
CHANGES OF TOTAL HAEMOGLOBIN MASS, BLOOD VOLUME INDICES AND
VO2MAX IN ADOLESCENT RUNNERS OVER SIX MONTHS OF ENDURANCE
TRAINING
J. Malczewska-Lenczowska1, R. Zdanowicz2, D. Sitkowski2, A. Pokrywka3,
E. Gradzka2, J. Grochowska1
1
Insitute of Sport, Department of Nutrition Physiology Warsaw-POLAND, 2Insitute of
Sport, Department of Physiology Warsaw-POLAND, 3Insitute of Sport, Department of
Anti-Doping Research Warsaw-POLAND
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
110
sunday, 30 september
POSTER SESSION 1 10.30-11.30
Chairmen: G. Chiantaretto (ITALY); S.H. Khashaba (EGYPT)
001
CLIMBERS’ HAND CAPACITIES: A PATHOLOGICAL CASE
A. Amca1 , L. Vigouroux2
1
School of Sport Sciences & Technology, Hacettepe University Ankara-TURKEY, 2Sport
Sciences Faculty, Aix-Marseille University Marseille-FRANCE
002
MUSCLE STRENGHTENING OF LOWER LIMB AFTER STROKE
G. Costalat1 , F. Beuret-Blanquart2, C. Tourny-Chollet1,2, F. Lemaitre1
1
CETAPS, University of Rouen Rouen-FRANCE, 2Center of Physical Rehabilitation
Medecine, Les Herbiers Bois-Guillaume-FRANCE
003
MUSCLE FUNCTION AND FUNCTIONAL DISABILITY OF THE SHOULDER
AFTER A ROTATOR CUFF REPAIR AT ONE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
K. Piitulainen1 , A. Häkkinen1,2, P. Salo2, J. Ylinen2
1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä Jyväskylä-FINLAND,
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Central Finland Hospital District
Jyväskylä-FINLAND
2
HOW MANY DAYS PER WEEK SHOULD THE RANGE OF MOTION EXERCISE IS
PERFORMED TO PREVENT THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE JOINT
CONTRACTURE?
N. Tatsuta1 , K. Nonaka2, J. Akiyama3, M. Nakajima3
1
Kibi International University, Health and Welfare Okayama-JAPAN, 2Department of
Physical Therapy, Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka-JAPAN, 3Department of Physical
Therapy, Kibi International University, Okayama-JAPAN
005
THE STUDY OF ARTIFICAL CARBON DIOXIDE-RICH WATER BATHING EFFECT
ON EXPERIMENTAL ACUTE ARTHRITIS
J. Akiyama1 , Y. Fujiwara, N. Tatuta, K. Nonaka, S. Une, M. Nakajima
1
Kibi International University Okayama-JAPAN, 2Nishinomiya Kyoritsu Rehabilitation
Hospital Kyogo-JAPAN, 3Osaka Prefecture University Osaka-JAPAN, 4Shujitsu Junior
College Okayana-JAPAN
of SPORTS MEDICINE
111
SUNDAY
004
30
s u n d a y, 3 0
006
ACUPUNCTURE TREATMENT FOR MUSCULOSKELETAL SPORTS INJURIES
T. Aydin
Gulhane Military Medicine Academy Ankara-TURKEY
007
A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF INJURY PATTERNS IN ELITE SCOTTISH
CURLERS
L. Beere, A. Murray, B. Walker
Sportscotland Institute of Sport Stirling-UNITED KINGDOM
008
DEVELOPMENT AND DELIVERY OF THE INAUGURAL INTERNATIONAL
OLYMPIC COMMITTEE ADVANCED TEAM PHYSIOTHERAPIST COURSE
M. Brown
Sports Medicine Australia Brisbane-AUSTRALIA
009
EVALUATION THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POSTURAL CONTROL, WEIGHT
DISTRIBUTION, AND POSTURE IN MALE SOCCER PLAYERS AGED
10-18 YEARS
M. Bulat1 , S. Yildiz1 , B. Bayraktar1 , O. Ozturk2
1
Department of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University IstanbulTURKEY, 2Institute of Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University
Istanbul-TURKEY
010
THE COMPARISON OF SHOULDER RANGE OF MOTION AMONG SWIMMERS,
BASEBALL AND TENNIS PLAYERS
H. Chang1 , K. Wu2, C. Lin3
1
School of Physical Therapy, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung-TAIWAN,
Department of Physical Education and Sports, Taoyuan Innovation Institute of
Technology, Taoyuan-TAIWAN, 3Department of Physical Education and Sports, National
Taiwan University, Taipei-TAIWAN
2
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
112
september
011
EFFECT OF THE CONFINED TAPING ON HEEL PAD THICKNESS AND GROUND
REACTION FORCE
C.L. Chen1,3, H.Y. Chang2, C.F. Huang3
1
Department of Physical Therapy, Tzu Hui Institute of Technology Pingtung-TAIWAN,
School of Physical Therapy, College of Medical Science & Technology, Chung Shan
Medical University Taichung-TAIWAN, 3Department of Physical Education, National
Taiwan Normal University Taipei-TAIWAN
2
012
THE INFLUENCE OF EIGHT-WEEKS AEROBIC TRAINING ON THE LEVEL OF
LEPTIN SERUM, LDL TO HDL RATIO, WAIST TO HIP RATIO, AND BMI IN
MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN
M. Ghasemi Artian, M. Yazdaniyan, M. Hejazi
Azad Mashhad University Mashhad-IRAN
013
THE AMOUNT OF INTERLEUKIN-6 IN THE SERUM OF STRENGTH ATHLETES
AND ENDURANCE ATHLETES COMPARED TO NON-ATHLETE PEOPLE
M. Ghasemi Artiyan, M. Hejazi, M. Yazdanian, H. Rafat Panah,
V. Boghr Abadi
Mashhad Azad University Mashhad-IRAN
014
THE COMPARISON EFFECTS OF TENS, AND MASSAGE ON SOME FUNCTIONAL
MARKERS OF DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS IN FEMALE STUDENTS
S. Goodarzi
Iranian Association Physical Therapy Tehran-IRAN
EFFECTS OF STATIC STRETCHING ON DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS
(DOMS) AND CK AND LDH ENZYMES AFTER ECCENTRIC CONTRACTIONS
S. Goodarzi
SUNDAY
015
Iran Assosiation Physicaltherapy Tehran-IRAN
30
of SPORTS MEDICINE
113
s u n d a y, 3 0
016
ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN BLOOD PRESSURE, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY,
MAXIMAL OXYGEN CONSUMPTION, ARTERIAL STIFFNESS AND
CARDIOVASCULAR DETERMINANTS IN MEN
T. Kaldur1 , J. Kals2, E. Unt3
1
Institute of Exercise Biology and Physiotherapy, University of Tartu Tartu-ESTONIA,
Department of Vascular Surgery, Tartu University Hospital Tartu-ESTONIA, 3Sports
Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic, Tartu University Hospital Tartu-ESTONIA
2
017
THYROID SONOGRAPHIC PATTERN OF AMATEUR ATHLETES
L. Landolfi1 , M. Gismondi2, A. Pio1 , R.M. De Vecchi3, D. Caputo3
1
University Hospital and Sport Medicine Institute Salerno-ITALY, 2Sport Medicine
Institute Salerno-ITALY, 3University Hospital Salerno-ITALY
018
DECREASED BLOOD FLOW IN THE THROWING ARM OF BASEBALL PITCHERS
K. Laudner1 , N. Selkow1 , R. Lynall1 , K. Meister2
1
Illinois State University, School of Kinesiology and Recreation Normal-USA, 2Texas
Metroplex Institute for Sports Medicine and Orthopedics Arlington-USA
019
THE COMPARISON OF SHOULDER INTERNAL ROTATION DEFICIT BETWEEN
SWIMMERS AND TENNIS PLAYERS
C. Lin1 , K. Wu2, H. Chang3
1
Department of Physical Education and Sports, National Taiwan University, TaipeiTAIWAN, 2Department of Physical Education and Sports, Taoyuan Innovation Institute
of Technology, Taoyuan-TAIWAN, 3School of Physical Therapy, Chung Shan Medical
University, Taichung-TAIWAN
020
THE ROLE OF POSTURE AND MOVEMENT IN THE EVOLUTION OF
NEUROCOGNITIVE FUNCTION
R. Ciambrone1 , A. Mancaniello1 , F.M. Manozzi2
1
MIUR ITALY, 2Università di Roma Tor Vergata Rome-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
114
september
021
EFFECT OF THE CIRCADIAN RHYTHM AND TRAINING INTENSITY ON THE
SALIVARY CORTISOL AND TESTOSTERONE CONCENTRATION IN THE
ATHLETIC AND NON-ATHLETIC GIRLS
M. Moharrebi
Iranian Physiotherapy Assosiation Tehran-IRAN
022
DIAGNOSTIC RADIOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT OF THE UNDER STRESS KNEE TO
DETERMINE THE POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT LESION
G. Montanari, A. Rocchi, M. Pietrangeli, E.R. Faloni, M.L. Iocca, S. Giannini
Casa di Cura Villa Stuart Rome-ITALY
023
HIP ARTHROSCOPY IN ELITE ATHLETES
K. Natsis, A. Papavasiliou, C. Lyrtzis, I. Terzidis
Interbalcan Medical Center Thessaloniki-GREECE
024
DISTRIBUTION OF PLANTAR GROUND REACTION FORCES IN ATHLETES
WITH PLANTAR FASCIITI
K. Natsis1 , D. Koutsonikolas2, M. Didagelos1 , C. Lyrtzis1 , P. Koutsonikola2,
T. Totlis1 , D. Alaseirlis3
1
Department of Anatomy, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki-GREECE, 2Department of Physiology, Medical School, Aristotle University
of Thessaloniki Thessaloniki-GREECE, 3Orthopaedic Department, General Hospital of
Giannitsa Giannitsa-GREECE
ETHNICITY AS THE DETERMINANT OF LEFT VENTRICULAR REMODELLING
IN ADOLESCENT ATHLETES
G. Pelà, M. Li Calzi, A. Crocamo, P. Pattoneri, M. Goldoni, A. Anedda,
L. Musiari, I. Pelloni, A. Bonetti, A. Montanari
SUNDAY
025
University Medical School Parma-ITALY, 2AUSL Sport Medicine Service Parma-ITALY
30
of SPORTS MEDICINE
115
s u n d a y, 3 0
026
PREVALENCE OF AND ATTITUDES TOWARD CONCUSSION IN PROFESSIONAL
AND NON-PROFESSIONAL RUGBY PLAYERS
D. Toomey1 , E. Delahunt1,2, S. Delahunty1 , B. Condon1 , C. Blake1
1
School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College
Dublin, Dublin-IRELAND, 2Institute for Sport and Health, University College Dublin
Dublin-IRELAND
027
THE IMMEDIATE EFFECT OF TRIGENICS NEUROSOMATIVE STIMULATION ON
LOWER EXTREMITY MUSCLES TONE AND VISCOUS-ELASTIC PROPERTIES
M. Vahimets, H. Gapeyeva, P. Kaasik, J. Ereline, M. Pääsuke
Institute of Exercise Biology and Physiotherapy, Centre of Behavioral and Health
Science, Universityt of Tartu, Tartu-ESTONIA
028
THE COMPARISON EFFECTS OF ULTRASOUND, AND APS THERAPY ON SOME
FUNCTIONAL MARKERS OF DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS
B. Yazdanparastchaharmahali1 , S. Goodarzi2
1
Islamic Azad University Varamin, Pishva Branch Tehran-IRAN, 2Iranian Association
Physical Therapy Tehran-IRAN
029
CHARACTERIZATION OF THE POPULATION IN SEVERAL GROUP CLASSES IN
A MEDICAL FITNESS FACILITY
A. Barbosa1 , R. Baquero2, A. Sarmiento2, A. Avila2
1
030
Universidad el Rosario Bogota-COLOMBIA, 2CMD Bodytech Bogota-COLOMBIA
EFFECT OF COMBINED PHYSICAL TRAINING ON INTERLEUCINE-6 IN
HYPERTENSIVE MEN
M. Camargo1 , R. Muradás2, A. Valim2, L. Burgos2, M. Reckziegel2,
L. Possuelo2, M. Burgos2
1
2
Grupo de Pesquisa em Cardiologia do Exercício HCPA/UFRGS Porto Alegre-BRAZIL,
Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul-Unisc Santa Cruz do Sul-BRAZIL
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
116
september
031
CIRCUIT WEIGHT TRAINING IMPROVES BLOOD PRESSURE INDEXES: A
RANDOMIZED TRIAL WITH CARDIOPULMONAR EXERCISE TEST
M. Camargo, M. Zanini, R. Nery, J. Canavezi, R. Stein
Grupo de Pesquisa em Cardiologia do Exercício HCPA/UFRGS Porto Alegre-BRAZIL
032
EXERCISE TRAINING HAS LITTLE EFFECT ON CARDIOVASCULAR
AUTONOMIC CONTROL IN AGING RATS WITH EARLY OVARIAN FAILURE
H. Dutra De Souza, G. Tezini
University of São Paulo Ribeirão Preto-BRAZIL
033
EFFECTS OF PILATES TRAINING ON PELVIC FLOOR STRENGTH IN
PUERPERIUM WOMEN: A PILOT STUDY
E.P. Ferreira1 , A.L.V. Palma1,2, A. Ohl1,2, A.C. Amadio3, J.P. Pinho1,3
1
UNIP-Universidade Paulista, Pós-Graduação São Paulo-BRAZIL, 2Plenitude PilatesCorpo e Mente São Paulo-BRAZIL, 3University of São Paulo, Biomechanics Laboratory
São Paulo-BRAZIL
034
THE ETIOLOGY OF SINUS TARSI SYNDROME IN THE FOOT OF ATHLETES
A. Folliero, M.G. Minicelli
Orthopedic Department Rome-ITALY
035
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EXERCISE IN THE PHYSIOTHERAPY MANAGEMENT
OF SUBACROMIAL IMPINGEMENT SYNDROME: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND
META-ANALYSIS
C. Hanratty1 , J. Mcveigh1 , D. Kerr1 , J. Basford2, M. Finch3, A. Pendleton3,
J. Sim4
1
SUNDAY
Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Research Centre, School of Health Sciences,
University of Ulster, Jordanstown, Jordanstown-UNITED KINGDOM, 2Mayo Clinic
Rochester-USA, 3Rheumatology Department, Musgrave Park Hospital, Belfast Health
and Social Care Trust Belfast-UNITED KINGDOM, 4Arthritis Research Uk Primary Care
Centre, Keele University Keele-UNITED KINGDOM
30
of SPORTS MEDICINE
117
s u n d a y, 3 0
036
LIFETIME LEISURE-TIME PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND THE RISK OF
DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS AT THE AGES OF 65–74 YEARS: THE FIN-D2D
SURVEY
K. Korniloff2 , M. Vanhala2,3, H. Kautiainen2,4, H. Koponen3,4, M. Peltonen5, P.
Mäntyselkä3,4, H. Oksa6, O. Kampman7, A. Häkkinen1,2
1
University of Jyväskylä Jyväskylä-FINLAND, 2Central Finland Central Hospital
Jyväskylä-FINLAND, 3University of Eastern Finland Kuopio-FINLAND, 4Kuopio University
Hospital Kuopio-FINLAND, 5National Institute for Health and Welfare HelsinkiFINLAND, 6Tampere University Hospital Tampere-FINLAND, 7Seinäjoki Hospital District
Seinäjöki-FINLAND and University of Tampere Tampere-FINLAND
037
ANKLE MUSCLE ACTIVATION LEVELS ON DIFFERENT SURFACES
E. Kurz1 , C. Anders2, H. Meier3, T. Hilberg1
1
Department of Sports Medicine, University of Wuppertal Wuppertal-GERMANY,
Division for Motor Research, Clinic for Trauma Surgery Jena-GERMANY, 3Rehabilitation
Center Valznerweiher Nuremberg-GERMANY
2
038
EFFECTS OF PERSONALIZED AND CONTROLLED PHYSICAL EXERCISE ON
CARDIOMETABOLIC DISEASES
V. Lamberti, P. Romano, V. Lamberti
Institute of Sports Medicine and Motor Activity C. FMSI Vittorio Veneto (TV)-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
118
september
POSTER SESSION 2 10.30-11.30
Chairmen: M. Laudizio (ITALY); R.A. Robles Cabrera (GUATEMALA)
039
DOES EXERCISE INCREASE BONE MINERAL DENSITY AT OLDER AGE?
EFFICACY OF DIFFERENT EXERCISE TRAINING PROTOCOLS
E. Marques, J. Mota, F. Wanderly, J. Carvalho
Faculty of Sport Science, Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure,
University of Porto, Porto-PORTUGAL
040
SWIMMING TRAINING RESTORES THE CARDIAC MICRORNA-29C LEVELS
AND VENTRICULAR COMPLIANCE IN RAT AFTER MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
S. Melo1, T. Fernandes1, K. Coelho1, A. Santos2, J. Tucci2, E. Oliveira1
1
University of São Paulo São Paulo-BRAZIL, 2Federal University of Sao Paulo São
Paulo-BRAZIL
041
POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME AND EXERCISE
I. Mitsakis1, M. Mitsakis2, C. Mitsaki3, K. Sianou4, D. Kavvada5, C. Lyrtzis6
1
Anatomy Cathedra, Osteology and Arthrology Laboratory, Midwife School, Alexander
Technological Educational Institute Thessaloniki-GREECE, 2Haematology Department,
University Hospital Leipzig-GERMANY, 3Chirurgical Department, General Hospital
Serres-GREECE, 4Leadership and Management in Health Department, Kingston
University London-UNITED KINGDOM, 5Physiotherapy School, Alexander Technological
Educational Institute Thessaloniki-GREECE, 6Aristotle University Thessaloniki-GREECE
PHYSICAL EXERCISE AFTER TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY ATTENUATES
SUSCEPTIBILITY TO PENTYLENETETRAZOL - INDUCED SEIZURES
B. Mota, L.F. Silva, R. Gerbatin, F. Fiorin, G. Busanello, M. De Castro,
M. Hoffmann, A.P. Ferreira, M. Fighera, L.F. Royes
SUNDAY
042
Laboratório de Bioquímica do Exercício, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa
Maria - RS-BRAZIL
of SPORTS MEDICINE
119
30
s u n d a y, 3 0
043
EFFECTS OF 12 WEEKS OF STRENGTH TRAINING ON FUNCTIONAL
CAPACITY AND BALANCE OF ACTIVE ELDERLY WOMEN
J.P. Pinho, M.C.O.F. Pinho, L.S. Santos, R.C. Santos, D.L. Cápua,
B. Mezêncio, L. Galhasso, A. Pinto, G. Fernandes, P.P. Takao, J. Albuquerque,
J.R. Souza, J.G.O. Claudino, A.P.S. Azevedo, R.M. Andrade, J.C. Serrão,
A.C. Amadio
University of São Paulo, Biomechanics Laboratory São Paulo-BRAZIL
044
POST-RESISTANCE EXERCISE HYPOTENSION IS SIMILAR BETWEEN YOUNG
AND MIDDLE-AGED MEN
A. Queiroz1, J. Sousa1, N. Silva Jr1, L. Costa1, J. Gagliardi2, C. Rezk2,
K. Ortega3, D. Mion Jr3, T. Tinucci1, C. Forjaz1
1
School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo-BRAZIL,
Osasco Teaching Institute Foundation University Center, São Paulo-BRAZIL,
3
Hypertension Unit, General Hospital, University of São Paulo, São Paulo-BRAZIL
2
045
INTERVAL EXERCISE TRAINING EFFECT ON BODY COMPOSITION, PHYSICAL
PERFORMANCE AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN YOUNG OBESE PATIENTS
A. Rusu1, C. Avram2, B. Almajan-Guta3, M. Oravitan2, D.I. Gaita1
1
Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara-ROMANIA, 2Physical
Education and Sport Faculty, West University of Timisoara, Timisoara-ROMANIA,
3
Politehnica University Timisoara-ROMANIA
046
AEROBIC EXERCISE VS METFORMIN IN NONALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER
DISEASE
V. Sánchez1, A. Pegueros1, A. Del Villar1, E. Martinez2, G. Franco1
1
Centro Nacional de Investigación y Atención en Medicina del Deporte, Instituto
Nacional de Rehabilitación Mexico-MEXICO, 2Tomografía Computada, Instituto
Nacional de Rehabilitación Mexico-MEXICO
047
EFFECT OF VOLUME AND INTENSITY OF EXERCISE IN METABOLIC
SYNDROME. INTERVAL VERSUS CONTINUOUS TRAINING
V. Sánchez, J. Franco, R. Salas, A. Pegueros
Centro Nacional de Investigación y Atención en Medicina del Deporte del Instituto
Nacional de Rehabilitacion Mexico-MEXICO
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
120
september
048
MINDFULNESS: A NEW CONCEPT IN THE SPORTS INJURIES’ PREVENTION?
A LITERATURE REVIEW S. SOLE, J. PALMI. INEFC, LLEIDA, SPAIN
S. Sole, J. Palmi
INEFC Lleida-SPAIN
050
EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN LEUKAEMIA PATIENTS UNDERGOING
CHEMOTHERAPY - ENDURANCE TRAINING VERSUS RESISTANCE TRAINING
A. Wehrle1, H. Bertz2, A. Gollhofer3, H.H. Dickhuth1
1
Department of Rehabilitative and Preventive Sports Medicine, University of Freiburg
Medical Centre, Freiburg-GERMANY, 2Department of Hematology and Oncology,
University of Freiburg Medical Centre, Freiburg-GERMANY, 3Institute of Sport and Sport
Science, University of Freiburg, Freiburg-GERMANY
051
BALANCE IN THE CARDIAC AUTONOMIC MODULATION IS DETERMINED BY
GENDER AND IS INDEPENDENT ON AEROBIC PHYSICAL CAPACITY
H. Dutra De Souza, S. Dutra
University of São Paulo Ribeirão Preto-BRAZIL
052
THE REPRESSIVE EFFECT OF POSITIVE AFFECT ON THE AGGRAVATED
BURNOUT TENDENCY - FOCUSING ON SEX DIFFERENCE T. Tanaka, M. Matsumoto, S. Watanabe, F. Mizuochi
Nihon University Setagaya-JAPAN
DISTRIBUTION OF ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME GENOTYPES AND
ALLELE FREQUENCY IN RUGBY, SOCCER AND CRICKET PLAYRES OF ZULU
ORIGIN
T. Djarova1, S. Mugandani1, A. Ramakoaba1, A. Basson1, J. Cloete1,
G. Watson2
SUNDAY
053
1
University of Zululand Richards Bay-SOUTH AFRICA, 2University of Kwazulu-Natal
Pietermaritzburg-SOUTH AFRICA
30
of SPORTS MEDICINE
121
s u n d a y, 3 0
054
ASSOCIATION OF THE ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME (ACE) ID
POLYMORPHISM AND AEROBIC CAPACITY IN ESTONIAN CROSS-COUNTRY
SKIERS
A. Mägi1, E. Unt1,2, E. Prans3, A. Veraksits3, S. Kõks3
1
Department of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Tartu Tartu-ESTONIA,
Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic, Tartu University Hospital Tartu-ESTONIA,
3
Department of Physiology, University of Tartu Tartu-ESTONIA
2
055
GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION STUDY (GWAS) OF ELITE SPRINTERS OF
WEST AFRICAN ANCESTRY
G. Wang1, N. Fuku2, S. Padmanabhan1, E. Mikami3, M. Tanaka2, M. Miyachi4,
H. Murakami4, E. Morrison5, Y. Pitsiladis1
1
University of Glasgow Glasgow-UNITED KINGDOM, 2Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of
Gerontology Tokyo-JAPAN, 3Waseda University Saitama-JAPAN, 4National Institute of
Health Nutrition Tokyo-JAPAN, 5University of Technology Kingston-JAMAICA
056
WHY DO YOUNG ADULTS PARTICIPATE IN RECREATIONAL EXERCISE AND
SPORTS?
F. Asci1, A. Altintas1, Z. Cetinkalp2
1
057
Baskent University Ankara-TURKEY, 2Ege University Izmir-TURKEY
QUALITY OF LIFE ASSOCIATED WITH PERCEPTION OF HEALTH IN ELDERLY
WOMEN FROM CURITIBA, PARANÁ, BRAZIL
R. Guimaraes, G.C. Vagetti, V. Oliveira, V.C. Barbosa Filho, N. Boneti Moreira,
W. Campos
Physical Education Department, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba-BRAZIL
058
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL AND
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS AMONG BRAZILIAN COLLEGE STUDENTS
R. Guimaraes, G. Gasparotto, L. Gasparotto, W. Campos
Federal University of Parana Curitiba-BRAZIL
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
122
september
059
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION STUDENTS AND THE
OTHER DEPARTMENT STUDENTS
G. Çiçek1, Tülin Atan2, M. Yalçin Tasmektepligil2, S. Ahmet Agaoglu2
1
Hitit University & Physical Education and Sports High School Çorum-TURKEY,
Ondokuz Mayis University & Yasar Dogu Physical Education and Sports High School
Samsun-TURKEY
2
060
RESULTS OF BRUS’S EXERCISE TEST IN FOOTBALL YOUNG CATEGORIES
V. Maleska Ivanovska, J. Pluncevic Gligoroska, L. Efremovska, S. Mancevska,
L. Todorovska, S. Nikolic
Dept. of Physiology and Anthropology Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF
MACEDONIA
061
COMPARISON BODY-PSYCHOLOGICAL DISSATISFACTION OF ATHLETE AND
NON-ATHLETE STUDENTS OF URRMIA PEYAM E NOOR UNIVERSITY
H. Mohammadzadeh1, M. Heydari2
1
062
Urmia University Urmia-IRAN, 2Peyam e Noor University Urmia-IRAN
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY HABITS AND ATTENTIONAL
FUNCTIONING IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
C. Moratal Lull1, E. Blasco Herráiz1, C. Monleón García1, J. Lupiañez Castillo2,
F. Huertas Olmedo1
1
Universidad Católica de Valencia Torrente-SPAIN, 2Universidad de Granada GranadaSPAIN
LIFESTYLE AND HOMA INDEX IN POST-MENOPAUSE
P. Ripari1, F. Di Donato1, G. Napolitano2, P. Izzicupo1, E. D’Angelo1,
A. Di Iorio1, G. Di Giacinto1, M. Scalisi1, A. Di Blasio2
1
2
064
SUNDAY
063
G. D’Annunzio University, University Centre of Sports Medicine Chieti-ITALY,
Department of Medicine and Aging Sciences, G. D’Annunzio University, Chieti-ITALY
30
YOGA OR GYM-FITNESS: WHAT IS BETTER?
Y. Venevtseva, P. Shiskin, A. Melnikov, S. Antonenko, I. Perelomova
Medical Institute of Tula State University Tula-RUSSIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
123
s u n d a y, 3 0
065
MITOCHONDRIAL BIOGENESIS OF EXERCISED TRAINED AND RESVERATROL
TREATED SELECTIVELY BRED LOW AND HIGH RUNNING CAPACITY RATS
N. Hart, L. Sarga, E. Koltai, Z. Radak
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University,
Budapest-HUNGARY
066
THE EFFECT OF EXERCISE AND SIRTUINS ON RATS WITH DIFFERENT
TRAINABILITY
O. Marton1, E. Koltai1, S. Britton2, L. Koch2, Z. Radák1
1
Research Institute of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport
Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest-HUNGARY, 2Department of Anesthesiology,
University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan-USA
067
PATELLAR TENDON RUPTURE. RELATED HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CHANGES
THROUGH A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW
T. Papadopoulou
Diana Princess of Wales Hospital Lincolshire-UNITED KINGDOM
068
DIFFERENT EFFECTS OF HIGH AND MODERATE INTENSITY AEROBIC
EXERCISE TRAINING ON PLASMA OSTEOCALCINE AND IGF-1 IN OBESE
YOUNG GIRLS
S. Zilaeibouri1, M. Zilaeibouri2, R. Eimari Eskandari3, A. Ahangarpour4
1
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Masjed Soleyman Branch, Islamic Azad
University Masjed Soleyman-IRAN, 2Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Tarbiyat
Modares University Tehran-IRAN, 3Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Arsanjan
Branch, Islamic Azad University Arsanjan-IRAN, 4Faculty of Endocrine Physiology and
Reproductive, Medical Science Jondi Shapoor University Ahvaz-IRAN
069
EMG CHANGES WITH AEROBIC-ANAEROBIC TRANSITION INTENSITY AT
INCREMENTAL EXERCISE IN SOCCER PLAYERS
G. Aydogan1, S. Albayrak Yildiz2, S. Karamursel3, E. Kasikcioglu2, S. Yakal2
1
Department of Physical Theraphyand Rehabilitation Istanbul-TURKEY, 2Department of
Sports Medicine Istanbul-TURKEY, 3Department of Physiology Istanbul-TURKEY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
124
september
070
IMAGE FINDING IN SPORTMEN’S THIGH. MALFORMATION OR ABNORMAL
DISTRIBUTION OF MUSCLE FIBERS?
E.P. Assako Ondo, E.R. Folchi, M.L. Iocca, S. Giannini
Casa di Cura Villa Stuart Rome-ITALY
071
MODIFIED MICRO METHOD FOR BIOCHEMICAL TEST OF UREA AND
CREATINKINASA IN THE MEDICAL SPORTS
Y. Cohil Leal1, M. Rojas2, A. Garcia Fernandez3
1
Ministerio del Poder Popular Para el Deporte Caracas-VENEZUELA, 2Asociacion
Cardiovascular Barquisimeto-VENEZUELA, 3Instituto Medicina Deportiva Granma-CUBA
072
A DATA-PARALLEL SCORING ALGORITHM FOR THE DIFFERENTIAL
DIAGNOSIS OF HCM FROM ATHLETE’S HEART
P. Deligiannis1, E. Kouidi2, H. Loidl1, E. Pagourelias2, A. Deligiannis2
1
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences, Heriot-Watt University EdinburghUNITED KINGDOM, 2Laboratory of Sports Medicine, Aristotle University
Thessaloniki-GREECE
073
THE INTELLIGENT ESTIMATING OF SPINAL COLUMN ABNORMALITIES
USING BY ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS IMAGE PROCESSING OF
REFLECTIVE MARKERS
S. Ilbeigi, M. Yousefi
University of Birjand Birjand-IRAN
USE OF INERTIAL CENTRAL TO ANALYSE MOVEMENT
F. Mell1, M. L’Hermette1, Y. Caritu2, L. Seifert1
1
075
CETAPS, EA 3832 Rouen-FRANCE, 2Movea Grenoble-FRANCE
SUNDAY
074
THE EVALUATION OF ACTIVE DRAG: A NEW PROPOSAL
B. Mezencio1, R. Soncin1, J.G.O. Claudino1, J.C. Ferreira1, J.P. Pinho1,
A.P.S. Azevedo1, R.M. Andrade1, L.A. Szmuchrowski3, R. Huebner2,
A.C. Amadio1, J.C. Serrão1
30
1
University of São Paulo, Laboratory of Biomechanics São Paulo-BRAZIL, 2Federal
University of Minas Gerais, Laboratory of Bioengineering Belo Horizonte-BRAZIL,
3
Federal University of Minas Gerais, Laboratoryof Load Evaluation Belo HorizonteBRAZIL
of SPORTS MEDICINE
125
s u n d a y, 3 0
076
EFFECT OF SOCCER TRAINING AND ASTAXANTHIN SUPPLEMENTATION ON
PARAOXONASE 1 ACTIVITY AND OXIDATIVE STRESS BIOMARKERS
I. Baralic1, B. Djordjevic1, N. Dikic2, J. Kotur-Stevuljevic3, N. Radivojevic2,
M. Andjelkovic2, M. Vukasinovic Vesic2, T. Antic2, S. Pejic4
1
Institute for Bromatology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade BelgradeSERBIA, 2Sports Medicine Association of Serbia Belgrade-SERBIA, 3Institute for
Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade Belgrade-SERBIA,
4
Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Endocrinology, Vinca Institute of Nuclear
Sciences Belgrade-SERBIA
077
EFFECT OF CAFFEINE INTAKE ON ACCURACY OF TEMPORAL ESTIMATION
DURING DIFFERENT PHYSICAL EXERCISE CONDITION
E. Blasco Herraiz1, C. Moratal1, C. Monleon1, A. Correa2, J. Lupiañez2,
F. Huertas1
1
Universidad Católica de Valencia, San Vicente Martir Valencia-SPAIN, 2Universidad de
Granada Granada-SPAIN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
126
september
POSTER SESSION 3 10.30-11.30
Chairmen: M. Pontalti (ITALY); D. Di Mattia (ITALY)
078
FREE FATTY ACIDS ARE ALTERED BY ACUTE EXERCISE IN HIGHLY TRAINED
MALE WATER POLO PLAYERS
M. Djelic1, A. Bjelic1, T. Acimovic1, S. Saranovic2, N. Antic2, D. Radovanovic1,
S. Mazic1
1
School of Medicine, University of Belgrade Belgrade-SERBIA, 2Serbian Institute of
Sport Belgrade-SERBIA
079
OXIDANT AND ANTIOXIDANT SYSTEMS AFTER REPEATED BOUTS OF
SUPRAMAXIMAL EXERCISES: THE EFFECTS OF BETA ALANINE AND/OR
CREATINE
H. Gokbel1, N. Okudan1, M. Belviranli1, S. Revan2, H. Pepe2
1
2
080
Faculty of Medicine Department of Physiology, Selcuk University, Konya-TURKEY,
School of Physical Education and Sports, Selcuk University, Konya-TURKEY
HYDRATION IN SKI MOUNTAINEERING
J. Haudum, A. Haudum, S. Svoboda, E. Müller
Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg SalzburgAUSTRIA
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY COMPOSITION AND HEART RATE
VARIABIILITY IN ENDURANCE TRAINED ATHLETES
S. Mazic, M. Djelic, J. Suzic, T. Acimovic, R. Jeremic, S. Suzic,
D. Radovanovic
SUNDAY
081
30
School of Medicine, University of Belgrade Belgrade-SERBIA
of SPORTS MEDICINE
127
s u n d a y, 3 0
082
A 10 YEAR BODY COMPOSITION CASE STUDY OF A 77 YEARS OLD
ULTRAMARATHONER
G. Monteleone, L. Di Renzo, E. Domino, V. Fondacaro, C. Orlandi, A. Tiloca
Department of Preventive Medicine, Diagnostics and Integrated Therapy Rome-ITALY
083
THE EFFECTS OF FOUR WEEK COENZYME Q10 SUPPLEMENTATION ON
EXERCISE-INDUCED MUSCLE DAMAGE IN SEDENTARY YOUNG MEN
N. Okudan1, S. Torlak1, H. Gokbel1, M. Belviranli1, A. Kiyici2
1
2
084
Faculty of Medicine Department of Physiology, Selcuk University, Konya-TURKEY,
Faculty of Medicine Department of Biochemistry, Selcuk University, Konya-TURKEY
INFLUENCE OF ASCORBIC ACID SUPPLEMENTATION ON OXIDATIVE STRESS
AND NEUTROPHIL INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE IN PROFESSIONAL
FOOTBALL PLAYERS
L. Popovic1, N. Mitic1, I. Radic1, D. Miric2, T. Djokic1
1
Department of Pathophysiology, University of Pristina, Medical School Kosovska
Mitrovica-SERBIA, 2Department of Biochemistry, University of Pristina, Medical School
Kosovska Mitrovica-SERBIA
085
THE RIGHT NUTRIENTS AT THE RIGHT TIME TO IMPROVE THE AEROBIC
RESISTANCE
A. Pulcini, F. Safoue, R. Verna, F. Stio, G. Patrizi, A. Redler
Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY
086
MUSCLE TRAINING MONITORING BASED ON MUSCLE TONE ASSESSMENT
M. Dragomir1, L. Rusu1, G. Cosma2, E.M. Lica2
1
Sports Medicine and Kinesiology Department, University of Craiova, CraiovaROMANIA, 2Theory and Methodic Department, University of Craiova, Craiova-ROMANIA
087
DIASTOLIC FUNCTION IN FEMALE ENDURANCE ATHLETES
K. Hedman1, É. Tamás2, E. Nylander1,3
1
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medical and Health Sciences,
University of Linköping Linköping-SWEDEN, 2Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery,
Heart and Medicine Centre Linköping-SWEDEN, 3Department of Clinical Physiology,
Heart and Medicine Centre Linköping-SWEDEN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
128
september
088
ATHLETE’S RIGHT HEART: ANALYSIS OF ATRIAL CONTRACTILE FUNCTION
AND SYSTOLIC AND DIASTOLIC VENTRICULAR FUNCTION
T. Hugues1, K. Yaici1, N. Saoudi1, P. Gibelin2
1
089
Hopital Princesse Grace Monaco-MONACO, 2CHU Pasteur Nice-FRANCE
ASSESSMENT OF VENTRICULAR FUNCTION USING TISSUE DOPPLERDERIVED MYOCARDIAL PERFORMANCE INDEX IN HIGHLY TRAINED
ATHLETES
L. Maskhulia, Z. Kakhabrishvili, K. Chelidze, V. Akhalkatsi, T. Chutkerashvili
Clinical Centre of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tbilisi State Medical University,
Tbilisi-GEORGIA
090
THE EFFECT OF NEUROFEEDBACK TRAINING ON THE TRAIT-COMPETITIVE
ANXIETY OF ATHLETES
M. Keihani1, P. Hashemian2, A. Miri Far1
1
091
Azad University Mashhad-IRAN, 2University of Medical Sciences Mashhad-IRAN
GYNECOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE BRAZILIAN FEMALE ATHLETE
PARTICIPATING IN THE PAN AMERICAN GAMES - GUADALAJARA 2011
T. Parmigiano1, A. Lopes2,3, J. Grangeiro3, G. Campos3, C. Guindalini4,
R. Castro5, M. Girao5, M. Cohen1
1
SUNDAY
Department of Sports Medicine, Federal University of Sao Paulo -UNIFESP- Sao PauloBRAZIL, 2University of the City of Sao Paulo Sao Paulo-BRAZIL, 3Brazilian Olympic
Comittee-COB- Rio de Janeiro-BRAZIL, 4Department of Psychobiology, Federal
University of Sao Paulo Sao Paulo-BRAZIL, 5Department of Gynecology, Federal
University of Sao Paulo Sao Paulo-BRAZIL
30
of SPORTS MEDICINE
129
s u n d a y, 3 0
092
FOLLOW-UP OF ASYMPTOMATIC ATHLETES WITH LEFT CIRCUMFLEX
ORIGINATING FROM THE RIGHT SINUS OF VALSALVA IDENTIFIED AT
PREPARTECIPATION SCREENING
V. Pescatore1, E. Brugin1, S. Compagno1, M.P. Vettori1, S. Calamelli2,
M. Perazzolo Marra3, C. Basso4, G. Thiene4, D. Noventa1, F. Giada1
1
Sport Medicine Unit, Cardiovascular Department, P.F. Calvi Hospital Noale (VE)-ITALY,
Cardiology Unit, Cardiovascular Department, Mirano Hospital Mirano (VE)-ITALY,
3
Cardiology Unit, Cardiological, Thoracic and Vascular Science Department, University
of Padua Medical School Padova-ITALY, 4Cardiovascular Pathology, Cardiological,
Thoracic and Vascular Science Department, University of Padua Medical School
Padova-ITALY
2
093
INCIDENCE OF SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH IN MINNESOTA HIGH SCHOOL
ATHLETES 1993-2010
W. Roberts
University of Minnesota Minneapolis-USA
094
FUNCTIONAL ABILITIES OF AMATEUR SPORTSMEN
S. Rozenstoka1, A. Lace1, A. Erglis2, S. Rinkule2, J. Raibarts2
1
Sports Laboratory, Physical Health Centre Riga-LATVIA, 2Riga Stradins University
Riga-LATVIA
095
PREVALENCE OF BACK PAIN IN DIFFERENT AGE AND SKILL LEVELS IN
YOUTH SOCCER
A. Schneider1, U. Geißler1, C. Schneider1, T. Schuster2, H.M. Mayer1,3
1
Schön Klinik München Harlaching, Back Institute, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence
München-GERMANY, 2Tu München, IMSE-Institute for Medical Statistics and
Epidemiology-München-GERMANY, 3PMU Salzburg Salzburg-AUSTRIA
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
130
september
096
SOME FINDINGS OF PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING OF YOUNG FOOTBALL
PLAYERS IN GEORGIA
T. Svanishvili1, E. Tataradze1, N. Chabashvili1, Z. Sopromadze1,
Z. Kakhabrishvili1, E. Chumburidze2, T. Adamia3
1
Department of Medical Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Tbilisi State Medical
University, Tbilisi-GEORGIA, 2Medical-Diagnostic Center City-Sport, Ltd Tbilisi-GEORGIA,
3
Rehabilitation Clinic Sport and Health, Ltd Tbilisi-GEORGIA
098
A REVIEW OF MRI OUTCOMES AT NEWCASTLE UNITED FOOTBALL CLUB
2011/12
R. Middleburgh1, P. Catterson2
1
Newcastle University Medical School Newcastle Upon Tyne-UNITED KINGDOM, 2Medical
Department Newcastle Upon, Newcastle United Football Club, Tyne-UNITED KINGDOM
099
THE EFFECT OF CARBON DIOXIDE RICH WATER BATHING ON THE MYOD
FAMILY PROTEINS AFTER MUSCLE INJURY
K. Nonaka1, J. Akiyama2, N. Tatsuta2, S. Une3
1
Department of Physical Therapy, Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka-JAPAN, 2Helth
Welfare Laboratory, Kibi International University, Okayama-JAPAN, 3Department of
Practice of Life Science, Shujitsu Junior College, Okayama-JAPAN
DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS: LITTERATURE REVIEW
J. Coudreuse1, C. Nicol2
1
101
University Hospital Marseille-FRANCE, 2STAPS Luminy Marseille-FRANCE
NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE: AN ADVANCED
DECELLULARIZED DERMIS INTENDED FOR SUPPLEMENTAL SUPPORT AND
COVERING FOR SOFT TISSUE REPAIR
G. La Delfa1, M. Rosa3, G. Bertasi2
1
Internal Medicine, Sports Science and Wellness, University Kore of Enna, Enna-ITALY,
Dept. of Bioingeneering, University of Padua, Padua-ITALY, 3Regional Committee
FMSI Sicily-ITALY
2
of SPORTS MEDICINE
131
SUNDAY
100
30
s u n d a y, 3 0
102
PREVALENCE OF AND ATTITUDES TO CONCUSSION IN IRISH SCHOOLS
RUGBY UNION PLAYERS
S. Delahunty1, E. Delahunt1,2, B. Condon1, D. Toomey1, C. Blake1
1
School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College
Dublin Dublin-IRELAND, 2Institute for Sport and Health, University College Dublin
Dublin-IRELAND
103
PREVENTION AND KNOWLEDGE CONCERNING FIRST-AID AFTER DENTAL
INJURY AMONG POLISH BOXERS AND THEIR COACHES
E. Gazda, K. Emerich
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Medical University of Gdansk Gdansk-POLAND
104
ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN OBJECTIVELY-MEASURED SEDENTARY TIME AND
CARDIOMETABOLIC RISK IN BOYS AND GIRLS
E. Marques, A.N. Pizarro, J.C. Ribeiro, J. Mota, M.P. Santos
Faculty of Sport Science, University of Porto, Research Centre in Physical Activity,
Health and Leisure Porto-PORTUGAL
105
THE INFLUENCE OF PLANTAR VAULT SHAPE ON ANKLE SPRAIN
EPIDEMIOLOGY IN VOLLEYBALL: PRELIMINARY RESULTS
G. Monteleone, A. Tiloca, R. Sorge, G. Paci, M. Marzella, M. De Iacovo
Department of Preventive Medicine, Diagnostics and Integrated Therapy Rome-ITALY
106
THE COMPARISON OF INCIDENCE, CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF
INJURIES BETWEEN ELITE AND AMATEUR WOMEN KUNG FU PLAYERS
L. Nazali1, M. Faramarzi2, E. Banitalebi3
1
The Member of Federation of Kung Fu of Iran Shiraz-IRAN, 2Physical Education
Department, Faculty Member of Humanistic Sciences College, Shahrekord University
Shahrekord-IRAN, 3University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord-IRAN
107
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, DIET AND PREVENTION OF BREAST CANCER
A. Pulcini, F. Safoue, G. Naso, R. Verna, F. Stio, G. Patrizi, A. Redler
Sapienza University of Rome Rome-ITALY
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
132
september
108
INFLUENCE OF SWIMMING TO EXHAUSTION ON OXIDATIVE STRESS
GENERATION AND ANTIOXIDANT DEFENCE IN GUINEA PIGS
I. Radic1, L. Popovic1, D. Miric2, N. Mitic1, B. Kisic2, T. Djokic1
1
Department of Pathophysiology, University of Pristina, Medical School Kosovska
Mitrovica-SERBIA, 2Department of Biochemistry, University of Pristina, Medical School
Kosovska Mitrovica-SERBIA
109
TENSILE FORCE OF KNEE LIGAMENTS FROM ROUNDHOUSE KICK
EXECUTION
S. Sasimontonkul
Faculty of Sports Science, Kasetsart University Bangkok-THAILAND
110
BACK PAIN IN YOUTH FEMALE SOCCER PLAYERS
A. Schneider1, U. Geißler1, C. Schneider1, T. Schuster2, H.M. Mayer1,3
1
Schön Klinik München Harlaching, Back Institute, FIFA Medical Center of Excellence
München-GERMANY, 2Tu München, IMSE-Institute for Medical Statistics and
Epidemiology München-GERMANY, 3PMU Salzburg Salzburg-AUSTRIA
111
RISK FATTORS IN PARTICIPANT OF WORLD BIKE TOUR
M. Beneti1, A. Sierra1, E. Gabriel2, F. Bastos1
1
University of Sp, Eefe São Paulo-BRAZIL, 2University Nove de Julho São PauloBRAZIL
112
MEDICATION AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENT USE BY MEXICAN DISABLED
ELITE ATHLETES
R. Salas Romero1, A. Pegueros Perez1, H. Martinez Meléndez2,
J. Herrera-Navarro2
Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación D.F.-MEXICO, 2Comisión Nacional de Cultura
Física y Deporte D.F.-MEXICO
113
SUNDAY
1
30
MEDICAL COUNSELING TO DRUG ABUSERS IN SPORTS VIA AN INTERNET
WEB SITE IN THE POINT OF ANTI-DOPING IN 2010
M. Takahashi, Y. Tatsugi, T. Kohno
International Budo University Katsuura-JAPAN
of SPORTS MEDICINE
133
s u n d a y, 3 0
114
PHYSIOLOGICAL AND NEUROMUSCULAR EFFECTS OF REPEATED SPRINTS
TRAINING IN FUTSAL PLAYERS
F. Arins, P.C. Nascimento, R.D. De Lucas, L.G.A. Guglielmo
Federal University of Santa Catarina Florianópolis-BRAZIL
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
134
september
POSTER SESSION 4 10.30-11.30
Chairmen: S. Frizzera (ITALY); M. Pinedo (DOMENICAN REPUBLIC)
115
TESTOSTERONE, CORTISOL AND T/C RATION DURING A WRESTLING
COMPETITION OF ELITE BRASILIAN ATHLETES
I. Balen, B. Keller, K.M. Kuczynski, A.M.B. Silva, R.W. Coelho
Federal University of Paraná Curitiba-BRAZIL
116
HEART RATE VARIABILITY AND ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS DURING THE
ACCLIMATIZATION PERIOD OF ALTITUDE TRAINING CAMP IN ELITE
SWIMMERS
C. Calderon-Soto1, A. Morales3, F. Rodríguez2, X. Iglesias2, B. Feriche3,
J. Vazquez2, L. Rodríguez-Zamora2, A. Barrero2, E. Hynynen4
1
Altitude Training Centre Sierra Nevada, Granada-SPAIN, 2INEFC-University of
Barcelona Barcelona-SPAIN, 3FCAFD, University of Granada Granada-SPAIN, 4Kihu
Research Institute for Olympic Sports Jyväskylä-FINLAND
117
AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC CAPACITY OF ADULT AND YOUNG ELITE SOCCER
PLAYERS
L. Angius1, S. Olla1, M. Pinna1, E. Marongiu1, S. Roberto1, F. Corona2,
F. Piras3, R. Mura3, M. Scorcu3, R. Milia1, F. Tocco1, A. Concu1, A. Crisafulli1
Sport Physiology Lab, University of Cagliari Cagliari-ITALY, 2Regional School of Sport
of Sardinia, Italian Olympic Committee Cagliari-ITALY, 3Cagliari Calcio Medical Staff
Cagliari-ITALY
118
THE INFLUENCE OF REPLICA RUNNING SHOES UPON GROUND REACTION
FORCE DURING RUNNING
A. Da Silva Azevedo, B. Mezencio, J.G.O. Claudino, J.P.S.F.M. Pinho,
R.M. Andrade, A.C. Amadio, J.C. Serrão
School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Laboratory of
Biomechanics São Paulo-BRAZIL
of SPORTS MEDICINE
135
SUNDAY
1
30
s u n d a y, 3 0
119
CHARACTERISTICS OF PLANTAR PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION DURING
RUNNING WEARING REPLICA RUNNING SHOES
A. Da Silva Azevedo, B. Mezencio, J.G.O. Claudino, J.P.S.F.M. Pinho,
R.M. Andrade, A.C. Amadio, J.C. Serrão
School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Laboratory of
Biomechanics São Paulo-BRAZIL
120
FATIGUE, LEG STIFFNESS AND KINEMATICS JOINTS CHANGES DURING 30
S STRETCH-SHORTENING CYCLE EXERCISE
J. Dal Pupo, R.G. Gheller, S.G. Dos Santos
Federal University of Santa Catarina Florianópois-BRAZIL
121
EMG OF LOWER LIMBS MUSCLES DURING THE BACKSTROKE SWIMMING START
K. De Jesus1, K. De Jesus1, P. Figueiredo1, P. Gonçalves1, S.M. Pereira2,
J.P. Vilas-Boas1, R.J. Fernandes1
1
CIFI2D-Faculty of Sport and Porto Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Porto
Porto-PORTUGAL, 2CEFID-State University of Santa Catarina Florianópolis-BRAZIL
122
BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT MAGNITUDE DURING JUMP
THROW LANDING IN HANDBALL PLAYERS
D. Detanico, T. Piucco, S.G. Santos
Federal University of Santa Catarina Florianópolis-BRAZIL
123
RELIABILITY OF CARMINATTI’S TEST IN YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS
J. Fernandes Da Silva, A. Santiago Teixeira, L. Jose Carminatti,
P. Cesar Nascimento, M. Chang Wayhs, L.G. Antonacci Guglielmo
Federal University of Santa Catarina Florianópolis-BRAZIL
124
VO2 ON AND OFF TRANSIENT KINETICS DURING TIME TO EXHAUSTION AT
VO2 MAX IN TRIATLETES
P. Figueiredo1, A. Sousa1, G. Queiroz2, J. Brito1, T. Henriques-Coelho3,
J.P. Vilas-Boas1, R.J. Fernandes1, J. Monteiro2
1
CIFI2D-Faculty of Sport, University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 2Requimte, Laboratory
of Pharmacology, Department of Drug Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of
Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 3Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
Porto Porto-PORTUGAL
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
136
september
125
DETERMINANT FACTORS OF THE 200M FREESTYLE
P. Figueiredo1, J. Monteiro2, J.P. Vilas-Boas1, R.J. Fernandes1
1
CIFI2D-Faculty of Sport, University of Porto & Porto Biomechanics Laboratory,
University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 2Requimte-Farma, Faculty of Pharmacy,
University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL
126
MORPHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCCER PLAYERS OF
MACEDONIAN NATIONAL TEAM U17
Z. Handziski1, E. Handziska2, M. Milenkova1
1
Pzu Kineticus-Sports Medicine and Exercise Science Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV
REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA, 2Institute of Physiology, Medical Faculty, Un.st. Kiril and
Metodij Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
127
AMOUNT OF SUBCUTANEUS ADIPOSE TISSUE AND ITS IMPACT ON
FREQUENCY OF SOCCER PLAYERS INJURIES
B. Haxhiu, A. Murtezani, H. Hundozi, S. Rrecaj, M. Martinaj
University Clinical Center of Kosovo Prishtina-KOSOVO
128
ACUTE EFFECT OF VARIOUS STRENGTH EXERCISE ON SKELETAL AND
MYOCARDIAL MUSCLE DAMAGE
S. Hazar1, A.E. Erol2
1
Nigde University School of Physical Education and Sports Nigde-TURKEY, 2Gazi
University School of Physical Education and Sports Ankara-TURKEY
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY COMPOSITION AND PHYSICAL
PERFORMANCE: STUDY FROM THE YOUNG ATHLETES
L. Kalnina1,2, I.S. Priedite1, G. Selga3, T. Timpka4, O. Dahlstrom4, R. Ligere2
1
Sports Medicine State Agency Riga-LATVIA, 2University of Latvia, Riga-LATVIA, 3Riga
Stradins University Riga-LATVIA, 4Linköping University Linkoping-SWEDEN
130
SUNDAY
129
30
PSYCHODYNAMIC TRAINING GROUP FOR BADMINTON ATHLETES
M. Laquale1, G. Lassandro1,2, A. Miglietta1, D. Accettura2
1
Federazione Italiana Badminton Rome-ITALY, 2Associazione Medico Sportiva di Bari,
FMSI Bari-ITALY
of SPORTS MEDICINE
137
s u n d a y, 3 0
131
VISUAL TRACKING STRATEGY DURING BASEBALL HITTING
Y. Liu
Chung Hua University Hsin-Chu-TAIWAN
132
THE IMMEDIATE EFFECTS OF FOOT ORTHOSES WITH MEDIAL WEDGE IN
BALANCE FOR SUBJECTS WITH CHRONIC ANKLE INSTABILITY
C. Lo
Cheng Ching General Hospital Taichung-TAIWAN
133
EIGHT WEEK PREPARATORY TRAINING PROCESS FOR THE BALKAN KICK
BOX VICE-CHAMPION
V. Maleska Ivanovska1, O. Bojcheski2, M. Bojcheska3, H. Kica4
1
Dept. of Physiology and Anthropology Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF
MACEDONIA, 2Phi Zdravstven Dom Struga-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA,
3
Medical High School Struga-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA, 4Faculty of
Physical Education Tetovo-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
134
THE MUSCULAR PROFILE IMPROVEMENT AFTER MEDIUM ALTITUDE
EXERCISE TRAINING IN YOUNG TENNIS PLAYERS
P. Merghes1, L. Mesina2, C. Avram2, B. Almajan-Guta3
1
Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine University of Banat TimisoaraROMANIA, 2West University of Timisoara Timisoara-ROMANIA, 3University Politehnica
Timisoara Timisoara-ROMANIA
135
THE IMPORTANCE OF INITIAL FORCE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH THE
DIFFERENT FORCE MANIFESTATIONS ARISING FROM THE FORCE-TIME CURVE
A. Morales Artacho1, J. Garcia-Manso2, T. Valverde Esteve3, A. Perez-Guerra2,
J.M. Martín Gonzalez2, D. Rodriguez Ruiz2
1
University of Granada Granada-SPAIN, 2University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Las
Palmas de Gran Canaria-SPAIN, 3Catholic University of Valencia-SPAIN
136
INFLUENCE OF THE PROTOCOL IN POWER OUTPUT DURING DIFFERENT
PROGRESSIVE LOADS
A. Morales Artacho, B. Feriche Castanys, J. Bonich-Dominguez, F. Almeida,
A. Garcia, P. Padial
University of Granada Granada-SPAIN
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
138
september
137
COMPARISON OF SWIMMING KINEMATICAL PARAMETERS AT AND ABOVE
THE MAXIMAL LACTATE STEADY STATE
J. Pelarigo1,2, R. Nazario1, M. Sousa1, P. Figueiredo1,2, J. Ribeiro1,2,
J. Vilas-Boas1,2, R. Fernandes1,2
1
CIFI2D-Faculty of Sport, University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 2LABIOMEP-Porto
Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL
138
THE IMPORTANCE OF CONDITIONING FOR PERFORMANCE IN SOCCER
R. Reer, D. Stein, K. Wellmann, K.M. Braumann
Institute for Sports Medicine, University of Hamburg Hamburg-GERMANY
139
AEROBIC CAPACITY RECOVERY FROM A MARATHON RUN
A. Rennó Sierra1, M. Benetti1, A. Ferraz2, R. Meneghelo2, R. Francisco2,
G. Dioguardi2, N. Ghorayeb2, E. Gabriel3, M.A. Kiss1
1
University of São Paulo, Eefe São Paulo-BRAZIL, 2Dante Pazzanese Institute of
Cardiology São Paulo-BRAZIL, 3University Nove de Julho São Paulo-BRAZIL
140
INCIDENCE OF INJURIES IN YOUNG PORTUGUESE FUTSAL PLAYERS:
COMPARATIVE EXPLORATORY STUDY WITH THE FOOTBALL
J. Serrano1, S. Shahidian1, P. Carús1, R. Voser2, N. Leite3
1
Universidade de Évora Évora-PORTUGAL, 2Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul,
Rio Grande do Sul-BRAZIL, 3Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Vila RealPORTUGAL
141
INCIDENCE AND INJURY RISK FACTORS IN PORTUGUESE FUTSAL PLAYERS
J. Serrano1, S. Shahidian1, P. Carús1, R. Voser2, N. Leite3
Universidade de Évora Évora-PORTUGAL, 2Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Rio
Grande do Sul-BRAZIL, 3Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Vila Real-PORTUGAL
142
GROSS EFICIENCY IN INCREMENTAL CYCLING EXERCISE
A. Sousa1, R.J. Fernandes1, J.P. Vilas-Boas1, J. Monteiro2, J. Brito1,
T. Henriques-Coelho3, G. Queiroz4, P. Figueiredo1
SUNDAY
1
30
1
CIFI2D-Faculty of Sport, University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 2Requimte, Faculty of
Pharmacy, University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 3Department of Physiology, Faculty of
Medicine, University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 4Requimte, Laboratory of
Pharmacology, Department of Drug Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto
Porto-PORTUGAL
of SPORTS MEDICINE
139
s u n d a y, 3 0
143
ANAEROBIC THRESHOLD IN CYCLING: COMPARISON BETWEEN METABOLIC
AND VENTILATORY METHODS
A. Sousa1, R.J. Fernandes1, J.P. Vilas-Boas1, J. Monteiro2, J. Brito1,
T. Henriques-Coelho3, G. Queiroz4, P. Figueiredo1
1
CIFI2D-Faculty of Sport, University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 2Requimte, Faculty of
Pharmacy, University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 3Department of Physiology, Faculty of
Medicine, University of Porto Porto-PORTUGAL, 4Requimte, Laboratory of
Pharmacology, Department of Drug Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto
Porto-PORTUGAL
144
INFLUENCE OF BREATHING FREQUENCY RESTRICTION ON SWIMMING
PERFORMANCE
M. Tampaki, A. Theos, A. Mitropoulos, G. Tsigganos, M. Maridaki
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science Athens-GREECE
145
ANTHROPOMETRY IN MACEDONIAN SENIOR FOOTBALL AND BASKETBALL
PLAUERS
L. Todorovska1, V. Malevska1, E. Sivevska1, S. Nikolic1, L. Efremovska1,
J. Pluncevic1, I. Karadjozova1, N. Nikolovska1, V. Zivkovic2
1
Departmen of Physiology and Anthropology, Medical Faculty Skopje-FORMER
YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA, 2Faculty of Sport Skopje-FORMER YUGOSLAV
REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
146
EFFECTS OF PEDAL LOAD-AND FREQUENCY-INCREMENTAL EXERCISES IN
OXYGEN UPTAKE AND MUSCLE ACTIVITIES DURING CYCLING
M. Tokui1, T. Migita2, K. Hirakoba3
1
Kyushu Kyoritsu University Kitakyushu-Shi-JAPAN, 2Kurume University Kurume-ShiJAPAN, 3Kyushu Institute of Technology Kitakyushu-Shi-JAPAN
147
YOUTH SOCCER PLAYERS, U12 TO U20: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDY OF
INJURIES
C. Tourny1, S. Sangnier2, R. Langlois1, T. Cotte2
1
CETAPS EA 3832 Rouen-FRANCE, 2Soccer Professional Club Saint Etienne-FRANCE
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
140
september
148
INTRA-SET REST EFFECT IN BENCH PRESS REPETITIVE POWER CAPACITY
T. Valverde Esteve1, J.M. Garcia-Manso2, A. Pérez-Guerra2, A. Morales3,
F. Castillo2, A. Pablos2
1
Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Mártir Valencia-SPAIN, 2University of Las
Palmas de Gran Canaria Las Palmas de Gran Canaria-SPAIN, 3University of Granada
Granada-SPAIN
149
PHYSICAL TEST FOR GRECO-ROMAN WRESTLER (18-20 YEARS) OF
NATIONAL ALBANIA TEAM
Z.SH. Zylfi Shesu1, A.H. Avni Hasa2, P.F. Perparim Ferunaj3,
D.A. Dritan Adili4, B.E. Bejtulla Emini4, L.B. Lirim Bajrami4
1
University of Sports Tirana-ALBANIA, 2Wrestling Federation Tirana-ALBANIA, 3Faculty
of Physical Activity and Recreation, University of Sports Tirana-ALBANIA, 4High School
Drita Kichevo-FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
150
EFFECT OF NOVEL NASAL DEVICE IN ROWERS
C. Di Lieto1, M. Rizzo2, D. Granata3, S. Crisostomi2, G. Ceroni Compadretti1,
R. Senaldi4, I. Tasca1, A. Spataro2
1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Imola Hospital Imola-ITALY, 2Italian Rowing
Federation ITALY, 3Sport Medicine and Science Institute of Rome, CONI Rome-ITALY,
4
Sport Medicine Institute of Bologna Bologna-ITALY
151
GARBAGE COLLECTOR THROUGH AN INTERVENTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
L. Le, D. Andrade
USP São Paulo-BRAZIL
PREVALENCE OF POSTURAL IMPAIRMENTS IN IRANIAN 6-14 YEARS OLD
GIRLS AND BOYS
M. Mirzarah Koushki, H. Montazeri Taleghani, N. Rezaeian
SUNDAY
152
Department of Physical Education, Tehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran-IRAN
of SPORTS MEDICINE
141
30
sunday, 30 september
153
THE INCIDENCE OF SUDDEN DEATH AND MEDICAL COMPLICATIONS
DURING DISTANCE RUNNING - A COHORT STUDY OVER 3 YEARS
K. Schwabe, M. Schwellnus, W. Derman
Clinical Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Group UCT/MRC Research Unit for
Exercise Science and Sports Medicine Department of Human Biology University of Cape
Town, SOUTH AFRICA
154
BASELINE LABORATORY PARAMETER MODIFICATIONS ARE ASSOCIATED TO
THE TRAINING RATE IN AMATEUR AND ELITE ATHLETES
R. Verna1, R. Zenobi2, M. Murdocca2, M.G. Giganti2
1
Center for Sports Medicine and Management, Sapienza University of Rome-ITALY,
Dept. of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, Tor Vergata University RomeITALY
2
155
METODOLOGY THEORICAL PRINCIPLE, ORIENTATION, LEARNING,
MEDICINE OF THE SPORT, MEDICINE, STRATEGIES AND PERFORMANCE
O.R. Reyes Morales
Medical University of Carabobo, Valencia-VENEZUELA, Centro de Investigaciones
Ergologicas, Unidad de Investigacion Calidad, Valencia-VENEZUELA
156
INJURY PREDICTION IN VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS
A. Shihab
Sultan Qaboos University, OMAN
157
THE TRASDISCIPLINARY OF THE MEDICINE OF THE SPORT
S.P. Stracuzzi1, H.P. Stracuzzi1, O. Reyes Morales2
1
Division of Programming and Evaluation of the DIP; 2Medical University of Carabobo,
Valencia-VENEZUELA
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
142
authors’
index
of SPORTS MEDICINE
A
Abad C. 27
Abdelfattah A. 11
Abderraouf B. 36, 75
Abdollahi N. 102
Abrantes C. 86
Abtahinia A. 8, 28
Accettura D. 66, 137
Acimovic T. 127
Ada A. 9, 83
Adala H. 28
Adami P.E. 79, 83
Adamia T. 131
Adamo S. 15
Adero W. 21
Aftosmidis D. 100, 104
Afzalpour M. 48, 57
Aggeo T. 87
Aghayari A. 41
Agnello L. 21
Agostinelli E. 94
Agostinho F. 46
Ahangarpour A. 124
Ahlgrim C. 36
Ahmadi H. 92
Ahmadi M. 72
Ahmadizad S. 20
Ahmet Agaoglu S. 123
Aibast H. 21
Aido R. 12, 25
Aita L. 17
Aivars I. 9
Akalan C. 36, 104
Akbarpour M. 35
Akca F. 36, 104
Akhalkatsi V. 129
Akhoond M. 72
Akiyama J. 111, 131
Al Shehhi M. 47
Alaseirlis D. 10, 31, 99, 115
Alavi F. 8, 28
Alavi K. 35
Alavi S. 96
Albanese C. 65
Albayrak Yildiz S. 124
Albertengo D.J. 14
Albuquerque Drummond F. 48
Albuquerque J. 120
Alejandro R. 84
Ali A. 63
Alice B. 10
Alis R. 76, 93
Almajan-Guta B. 120, 138
Almeida F. 138
Aloe M. 14
Alpini D. 83
Altintas A. 122
Alvarenga R. 32
Álvarez Piñera L. 90
Alves F. 59
Amabile L. 94
Amaddeo P. 70
Amadio A.C. 70, 105, 117,
120, 125, 135, 136
Amaral M. 105
Amca A. 111
Amendola F. 66
Amendola M. 66
Amendola V. 66
Amin A. 104
Ammendolia A. 79
Ammirati A. 30
Anania G. 55
Anastasopoulos N. 12
Ancelotti D. 40
Anders C. 118
Andjelkovic M. 17, 61, 62,
71, 104, 126
Andrade D. 141
Andrade R.M. 70, 87, 105,
120, 125, 135, 136
Anedda A. 40, 56, 115
Angelini F. 27, 39
Angius L. 64, 75, 76, 135
Angoorani H. 35
Ansari M. 44
Antevska V. 29, 100
Antic M. 65
Antic N. 65, 127
Antic T. 61, 62, 71, 104,
126
Antona C. 29, 32
Antonacci Guglielmo L.G.
38, 136
Antonenko S. 123
Aoki M. 27
Aparicio J.L. 14
Aparicio V.A. 69, 89, 96
Apaydin A. 10
Aquino L. 41
Arab Ameri E. 78
Arabameri E. 103
Aranda P. 69, 96, 109
Aras D. 104
Araszkiewicz A. 95
Arduini A. 76
Arins F. 134
Ariza-Garcia A. 14, 15
Armentano S. 13
Arroyo-Morales M. 14, 15
Arshad P. 31
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
144
B
Baboghluian M. 98, 100
Bachis V. 20
Baghaki A. 87
Baglietto M. 101
Baldari C. 35
Balen I. 56, 106, 135
Balestrini F. 51
Banitalebi E. 97, 132
Baquero R. 116
Baracchi S. 98
Baralic I. 61, 126
Barati A. 41
Barbosa A. 116
Barbosa Filho V.C. 122
Barbosa T. 72
Barbosa T.M. 74
Barrero A. 135
Bartesaghi M. 33, 43, 67
Bartoletti S. 90, 98
Bartolini A. 55, 60
Bartolomé De La Rosa D.
103
Bartolomé De La Rosa D. 90
Barudzic N. 23
Basaglia N. 9, 24
Basford J. 117
Basile G. 14
Basilico F. 31
Baskak B. 82
Basso C. 130
Basson A. 121
Basterra J. 76
Bastos F. 133
Batista J. 81
Battistini G. 49, 55, 56, 59
Battistini S. 56
Baum D.M. 28
Bayat N. 88
Bayraktar B. 112
Beckert J. 59, 99
Beere L. 112
Behm D. 106
Behrens K. 77
Bejtulla Emini B.E. 141
Bellavia D. 22
Bellavista E. 58
Bellemans J. 35, 69
Belloni R. 68
Bellucci E. 99
Beltran Valls M. 58
Beltran Valls R. 16
Belviranli M. 127, 128
Ben Halima A. 28
Ben Ounis O. 36, 75
Benelli P. 60, 83
Beneti M. 133
Benetti M. 139
Beretta E. 15
Beribe R.S. 14
Bermon S. 20
Bernardi E. 36, 37, 56, 66,
67, 74
Bernardi G. 72
Bernardi M. 39, 79, 83
Bertasi G. 131
Bertollo M. 39
Bertz H. 121
Beuret-Blanquart F. 111
Bianchi G. 30
Bianco A. 54
Bianco M. 13, 30, 44
Biasini V. 51
Biliciler-Denktas G. 63
Bini G. 35
Biondi S. 56
Bizzarini E. 101
Bizzi E. 10, 11
Bjelic A. 127
of SPORTS MEDICINE
145
AUTHORS’ INDEX
Artells R. 20, 54
Artuso P. 105
Asci F. 122
Ashtari L. 87
Assako Ondo E.P. 13, 80,
125
Assisi E. 29, 30, 65
Asslaender L. 91
Ataei F. 48, 49, 87
Atalar E. 82
Attene G. 49, 51, 52, 71,
75, 86
Attina’ D. 15
Attisani G. 29, 37, 44
Attisani I. 44
Audrito M. 59
Augustynska B. 95
Avignon A. 26
Avila A. 116
Avni Hasa A.H. 141
Avram C. 120, 138
Avventuriera N. 98
Aydin K. 110
Aydin T. 9, 10, 83, 112
Aydogan G. 124
Azamian A. 91
Azevedo A.P.S. 70, 105, 120,
125
Azizi F. 41
Azzolini P. 94
Azzouzi F. 28
Blake C. 116,132
Blanchfield A. 104
Blasco C. 27
Blasco Herráiz E. 123, 126
Blazkiewicz A. 105
Bockmeyer C. 88
Bogdanis G.C. 42, 71, 77
Boghr Abadi V. 92, 113
Bojcheska M. 138
Bojcheski O. 138
Bollars P. 35, 69
Bolognesi D. 44, 98
Bonaccorso F. 43
Bonaiuto M. 65, 98
Boncz I. 107
Boneti Moreira N. 122
Bonetti A. 43, 56, 115
Boni G. 10, 11, 47, 52, 71, 78
Bonich-Dominguez J. 138
Bonifacino A. 8
Bonifazi M. 39
Bonuccelli A. 27
Bonyan A. 89
Boraczynski T. 95
Borrione P. 11, 13, 29, 30,
55, 78
Bosio A. 105
Botta M. 83
Bottinelli R. 24
Bouslama A. 36
Bouvard M. 64, 95
Bozic K. 100
Bragada J. 72
Brandão E. 63
Braumann K.M. 139
Bresciani G. 20, 23, 105
Briesacher M. 51
Brito J. 136, 139, 140
Britton S. 124
Brocca L. 24
Brotons A. 54
Brown M. 101, 112
Browning C. 88
Brugin E. 15, 130
Brun J. 26, 49
Brunelli A. 58
Bruzzone P. 61
Bryczkowska I. 9
Buda D. 98
Budkowska M. 9
Buglione A. 37
Bukaci L. 108
Bukilica S. 82
Bulat M. 112
Bultheel M. 45
Buonocore D. 27
Burchi F. 36
Burgos L. 116
Burgos M. 116
Burini F. 27
Burini R. 27
Burmaoglu G. 28
Busanello G. 75, 105, 119
Bustamante L. 32
Bustos L. 69
C
Cafiero G. 49
Caimi G. 27
Calamelli S. 130
Calcagnile G. 50
Caldas J. 46
Calderazzi F. 44
Calderon-Soto C. 135
Calina M. 43, 61
Calligaris A. 20, 21, 103
Calo’ C. 20
Calo’ L. 30, 65
Calvetti M. 55
Calzolari A. 49
Camargo M. 116, 117
Cambell E. 24
Cameli M. 39
Cameli S. 13
Cameron L. 27
Camiletti-Moirón D. 69, 89,
96, 109
Campi S. 26
Campillo N. 54
Campos G. 53, 129
Campos W. 56, 122
Campos-Blasco M. 56, 57
Campus D. 56
Canadeo M. 57
Canavezi J. 117
Candela F. 35
Canino B. 27
Cantarero-Villanueva I. 14,
15
Cantera E. 13
Cantore I. 57
Cantore R. 95
Capodicasa A. 71
Caporossi D. 16, 58
Cappa M. 49
Cápua D.L. 120
Caputo D. 114
Caramore C. 11
Caramore P. 10
Carbonell-Baeza A. 109
Cardoso J. 46
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
146
Ceccarelli F. 44
Ceccarelli R. 42, 72
Celani C. 79
Celebi M.M. 82
Cencic A. 93
Cerciello S. 45
Ceroni Compadretti G. 141
Cerretelli P. 42, 102
Cerulli C. 8, 41, 78
Cerutti F.E. 35
Cesar Nascimento P. 136
Cetinkalp Z. 122
Cetolin T. 38
Chabashvili N. 131
Chalançon A. 26
Chamari K. 36, 73, 75, 106,
109
Chang H.Y. 112, 113, 114
Chang L.Y. 77
Chang S. 67
Chang Wayhs M. 136
Chaouachi A. 106
Chaparoska D. 103
Chatterji T. 103
Cheang U.H. 82
Chelidze K. 129
Chemjor D. 21
Chen C.H. 105
Chen C.L. 113
Chen S. 67
Chiantaretto G. 111
Chierto E. 11
Chiofalo F. 17
Cho B. 21, 61
Choi H.C. 21, 61
Choi S. 86
Chou H.L. 53, 77
Chou P. 67
Chou Y. 67
Chryssanthopoulos C. 38, 41
Chumburidze E. 131
Chung M. 45
Church J.E. 28
Chutkerashvili T. 129
Cialfi A. 29, 32
Ciambrone R. 114
Ciccarone G. 63, 74
Çiçek G. 73, 123
Ciconelli R. 69, 91
Cillo F. 58, 62
Cimenelli E. 30
Ciminelli E. 8, 11, 13, 16,
29, 58, 78, 102
Ciottone G. 48
Cirkovic M. 82
Çisem Ünlu73
Ciuti C. 76
Claes S. 35
Claudino J.G.O. 70, 105,
120, 125, 135, 136
Claus R.A. 88
Clemente Polán C. 16
Cloete J. 121
Coclite M. 99
Coelho K. 119
Coelho R.W. 106, 135
Cofano G. 65
Cogo A. 37
Cohen M. 53, 129
Cohil Leal Y. 125
Cointry G. 32
Coiro V. 43
Coksevim B. 54
Colakoglu M. 34
of SPORTS MEDICINE
147
AUTHORS’ INDEX
Carè I. 79
Caretta F. 29, 30
Caritu Y. 125
Carlomagno D. 105
Carlsson L. 58
Carlucci D. 43
Carneiro J. 63
Caroli F. 94
Carreiro A. 91
Carrillo Chargoy J. 15
Carter L.M. 47
Carús P. 139
Carvalho J. 119
Casal J. 26
Casali P.M. 24
Casalta P. 46
Casasco M. 30
Casellato R. 40
Caserotti P. 58
Castagna A. 29, 37, 44
Castagna C. 73
Castelli L. 17
Castelli S. 51
Castelli V. 65
Castellini E. 37, 38
Castillo F. 109, 141
Castro R. 53, 129
Casuso R.A. 69, 89, 96, 109
Catalano G. 15
Cataldo A. 22
Catanese S. 27, 39
Catterson P. 131
Cattozzo A. 37, 38, 40
Causarano A. 27, 39, 66
Cavaretta E. 65
Cavarretta E. 30
Cavina Varela C. 32
Colasanti F. 83
Collini G. 94
Collins M. 93
Collu G. 71
Colombo S. 29
Colozzi A. 22
Cominu M. 75
Compagno S. 130
Concu A. 40, 71, 75, 76, 97,
135
Condon B. 116, 132
Conflitti S. 13
Conforti M. 49, 50
Conic R. 65
Conte M. 58
Conte R. 98
Conti Puorger C. 84
Contini E. 11
Contino M. 32
Contrò V. 54
Cook J. 93
Coquart J. 109
Coratella G. 71, 87
Corna G. 43
Corona F. 135
Corona K. 45, 50
Corradini G. 61
Corrado G. 31
Correa A. 126
Corrias L. 20
Corsani I. 10
Corsini T. 44
Corso J. 26
Corten K. 35
Corzo Silva J. 24
Cos F. 20, 54
Coscia F. 78
Cosma G. 88, 128
Costa A.L. 87
Costa J. 12
Costa L. 120
Costa M. 72
Costalat G. 111
Costantino M.L. 59
Cotte T. 140
Coudreuse J. 92, 131
Crawford W. 103
Crisafulli A. 40, 71, 75, 76, 135
Crisostomi S. 141
Crocamo A. 115
Crudo S. 16, 79
Cruz Ferreira A. 38
Csajági E. 17
Cuesta A. 83
Cuesta C. 32
Cueto-Martin B. 56, 57
Cuevas M. 20
Cugia P. 20, 64
Cugusi L. 49, 51, 52, 86
Cupertino V. 90, 98
Curcic D. 17, 61, 62, 71, 104
D
D’Addio V. 79, 102
D’Alessio A. 79, 83
D’Angelo E. 17, 123
D’Antona G. 17
D’Ascenzi F. 39
D’Ercole S. 70
D’Errico Grigioni A. 58
D’Ettorre G. 83
D’Hemecourt P. 80
D’Ottavio S. 37
D’Urbano G. 27, 39
Da Costa K. 87
Da Cruz I. 20
Da Silva Azevedo A. 135,
136
Dadgostar E. 53
Dadgostar H. 53
Dadkhah A. 78
Dadontzidi Z. 14
Dahlke K. 88
Dahlstrom O. 137
Dal Pupo J. 136
Dalmau P. 28
Damiolini A. 43
Daneshi M. 97
Daniele G. 44
Daskalaki E. 103
Dattilo A. 21
Davino M. 68
De Angelis P. 70
De Carvalho N. 23
De Castro M. 23, 75, 119
De Giacomi G. 32
De Gregorio C. 65
De Iacovo M. 19, 132
De Jesus K. 108, 136
De La Cruz-Campos A. 56, 57
De La Cruz-Campos J. 56, 57
De La Cruz-Márquez J. 56,
57
De Lisa M. 57
De Luca V. 8, 41, 78
De Lucas R.D. 134
De Paz J. 20
De Ponte F.S. 12, 47
De Ruvo E. 30, 65
De Santis C. 8
De Sario G. 66
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
148
Di Giacinto B. 49
Di Giacinto G. 123
Di Gianfrancesco A. 11
Di Gregorio T. 44
Di Iorio A. 123
Di Legge V. 36
Di Lieto C. 141
Di Luigi L. 35
Di Mambro C. 13, 30
Di Mattia D. 29, 32, 59, 127
Di Mauro D. 18, 65, 98
Di Mauro I. 58
Di Meo F. 18
Di Paolo F. 63
di Prampero P.E. 37
Di Renzo D. 22
Di Renzo L. 128
Di Roma M. 65
Dias L. 48
Diaz-Rodríguez L. 15
Dickhuth H.H. 121
Didagelos M. 115
Dikic N. 17, 61, 62, 71, 104,
126
Diniz Lima F. 105
Dinu V. 43, 61
Dioguardi G. 139
Disalvo V. 58
Ditroilo M. 83
Djafarian K. 28, 97
Djarova T. 121
Djelic M. 127
Djokic T. 128, 133
Djordjevic B. 126
Djordjevic D. 23
Djordjevic-Saranovic S. 65
Djurovic M. 23
Dobrachinski F. 23
Dolegowska B. 9, 18
Domaniecki P. 105
Domino E. 128
Doria E. 27
Dos Santos S.G. 136
Drago F. 30
Dragomir M. 43, 61, 128
Dridi A. 106
Dritan Adili D.A. 141
Driussi C. 101
Dumas J. 26
Dumitru R. 88
Dundar M. 54
Dunlop M. 51
Durkalec-Michalski K. 96,
106
Durussel J. 103
Dutra De Souza H. 117, 121
Dutra S. 121
Dvorak J. 63
E
Ebrahim K. 92
Efremovska L. 99, 123, 140
Egger F. 73
Eimari Eskandari R. 110, 124
El Khoury L. 93
El Oudghiri D. 109
Elvira L. 27
Emerich K. 132
Enescu-Bieru D. 43, 61
Erdem H. 110
Ereline J. 116
Ergen E. 82
Erglis A. 130
Ergun M. 57
of SPORTS MEDICINE
149
AUTHORS’ INDEX
De Vecchi R.M. 114
De Vita F. 61
Decraene T. 80, 96
Degiovanni A. 58
Degirmencioglu Z. 84
Degortes N. 76
Dehyadegari H. 90
Dejanov P. 29, 84
Dejanov S. 84
Dejanova B. 29, 46, 99, 100
Dekhtiarov I. 12, 45
Del Moral-Avila R. 15
Del Villar A. 120
Del Villar Morales A. 33
Delahunt E. 116, 132
Delahunty S. 116, 132
Delgado-Fernández M. 109
Delic M. 82
Deligiannis A. 125
Deligiannis P. 125
Della Pace I. 23
Delmonte V. 84
Delussu A. 18
Denerel N. 57
Dentizzi C. 50
Depedri R. 87
Derman W. 142
Desantis F. 41, 78
Desrochers A. 11, 18
Detanico D. 136
Devreker T. 80, 96
Devrimci Ozguven H. 82
Di Baldassarre A. 17
Di Blasio A. 17, 22, 123
Di Donato F. 17, 123
Di Fronso S. 39
Di Giacanto G. 22
Ermida V. 46
Ernesti I. 79
Eroglu H. 28
Erol A.E. 137
Erzurumluoglu A. 28
Escobar A. 32
Estevan I. 76
Esteve H. 27
Evers R. 69
F
Fabbro E. 12, 59
Fagnani F. 16
Faina M. 13, 44
Faiola F. 30, 39
Fakhari N. 49
Falco C. 76
Fallavollita L. 51
Faloni E.R. 13, 80, 115
Fan T. 67
Fantuzzi G. 58, 62
Faraggiana D. 36
Faramarzi M. 97, 132
Farhangpajouh S. 49
Fatih Kiyici74
Fattorini L. 39
Fazeli M. 87
Fedou C. 49
Felisatti M. 9, 24
Feriche B. 135
Feriche Castanys B. 138
Fernandes Da Silva J. 38,
136
Fernandes G. 120
Fernandes R. 139
Fernandes R.J. 108, 136,
137, 139, 140
Fernandes T. 119
Fernández-Lao C. 14, 15
Fernandez-Martínez A. 56
Ferrari M. 61
Ferrari P. 61
Ferraz A. 139
Ferrazza A. 30
Ferreira A.P. 119
Ferreira E.P. 117
Ferreira J. 105
Ferreira J.C. 125
Ferrero G. 12, 59
Ferri A. 10, 11, 100
Fighera M. 23, 75, 105, 119
Figueiredo P. 108, 136, 137,
139, 140
Figueroa M. 56, 57
Filipce V. 29
Filliard J. 101
Fincati F. 59
Finch M. 117
Fintini D. 49
Fiorin F. 75, 105, 119
Firsakova V. 98
Fischer J. 62
Fogarizzu E. 56
Fogli M. 66
Folchi E.R. 125
Folliero A. 117
Fondacaro V. 128
Fonseca V. 99
Fontana F. 59
Fontes Ribeiro C.A. 38
Ford J. 107
Forjaz C. 120
Fortin J.L. 26
Foza V. 38
Fradi I. 28
Francavilla G. 45, 67
Franceschi C. 58
Francisco R. 139
Franco G. 120
Franco J. 120
Franco Sánchez G. 19
Franzoni F. 72
Fraschini D. 100
Freitas A. 99
Freno C. 12
Frittelli P. 8
Frizzera S. 73, 135
Fu F.H. 48
Fugazzotto D. 18
Fujiwara Y. 111
Fukada K. 106
Fuku N. 21, 122
Furukawa T. 34
G
Gabriel E. 133, 139
Gagliardi J. 120
Gagnon D. 11, 18
Gaita D.I. 120
Galanti G. 10, 37, 38, 40,
52, 55, 60, 64, 74
Galetta F. 72
Galhasso L. 120
Galiano-Castillo N. 14, 15
Gallina S. 17
Gallotta M.C. 35
Gallucci G. 57
Galtieri E. 59
Galvan K. 58, 62
Gambarara D. 102
Gandolfi P. 17
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
150
Ghoreishi S. 20
Ghoul N. 72
Giacometti A. 56
Giada F. 15, 98, 130
Gianfelici A. 13
Giannini D. 10, 11
Giannini S. 13, 52, 80, 115,
125
Giardina E. 89
Giardini G. 22
Gibelin P. 80, 129
Gielen J. 78
Giganti M.G. 142
Giglio V. 22
Gigliotti P.V. 78
Gimigliano F. 30
Gioffredi A. 63
Giordano U. 49
Giorgi A. 39
Giorgiano F. 44
Giossos I. 107
Giovanetti G. 17
Girao M. 53, 129
Girelli L. 55
Gismondi M. 8, 114
Glaros H. 104
Gmeiner G. 103
Godoy C. 106
Goebel R. 72
Gokbel H. 127, 128
Gokdemir K. 36
Goldoni M. 115
Gollhofer A. 91, 102, 121
Gomis Bataller M. 54
Gonçalves P. 136
Gonzalez M. 58, 62
González-Gallego J. 20
Goodarzi S. 113, 116
Gori N. 10, 55, 60
Gouchi K. 34
Grace J. 107
Graci C. 36
Gradisnik L. 93
Gradzka E. 110
Granata D. 141
Granatelli G. 37
Grangeiro J. 53, 129
Grasso G. 15
Grasso L. 11, 55
Graziani F. 92
Grazioli E. 8, 78
Grazzi G. 36, 56, 74, 94
Grazzini G. 74
Greco L. 79
Grego S. 52
Grillo G. 101
Grimminger E. 91
Griner R. 94
Grochowska J. 110
Grossgasteiger S. 73
Grossi A. 84
Grossi G. 36, 56, 74, 94
Guardascione C. 105
Guarracini F. 30, 65
Guerra E. 8, 16, 30, 51, 65,
78, 102
Guglielmo L.G.A. 134
Guidetti L. 35
Guidotti E. 72
Guimaraes R. 56, 122
Guindalini C. 53, 129
Guiraudou M. 26, 49
Guleda Can Burmaoglu 74
Gümüsdag H. 73
of SPORTS MEDICINE
151
AUTHORS’ INDEX
Ganzit G.P. 69, 76
Gapeyeva H. 116
Garcia A. 138
Garcia Fernandez A. 125
García-Jimenez M. 56, 57
García-Manso J.M. 90, 103,
109, 138, 141
Garcia-Marmol E. 56, 57
Gargaglia F. 71
Garrido N.D. 74
Gasparotto G. 122
Gasparotto L. 122
Gavrilovic T. 86
Gazda E. 132
Gebauer-Bukurov K. 100
Geißler U. 130, 133
Geladas N. 108, 109
Gelfi M. 94
Gentile M. 13
Georgopoulos N.A. 92
Gerbatin R. 75, 105, 119
Gervasi F. 32
Gervasi M. 60, 83
Gervasio F. 15
Geukens L. 45
Geuna S. 11
Ghaeini S. 53
Ghafoorian M. 97
Ghasem Talebi S. 90
Ghasemi Artiyan M. 92, 113
Ghasemi G. 48
Ghasempour F. 92
Ghasempour S. 92
Ghazalian F. 72, 76, 96
Gheller R.G. 136
Ghezzi I. 22
Ghorayeb N. 139
Gunter H. 62
Gussoni M. 102
Gutman S. 85
Guzmán F. 27
H
Haddad M. 73, 106
HadjistephanouPapaellina C. 92
Hajian M. 68
Hak P. 33
Hakemi L. 72
Häkkinen A. 111, 118
Halabchi F. 28, 73
Hamar D. 8, 42
Han M. 61
Han T.H. 77
Handley C. 93
Handziska E. 39, 137
Handziski Z. 39, 137
Hanratty C. 117
Harris-Reeves B. 93
Hart N. 93, 124
Hasegawa T. 62
Hashemi F. 104
Hashemian M. 91
Hashemian P. 129
Hassabi M. 67
Haudum A. 127
Haudum J. 127
Havenetidis K. 61, 107
Haxhiu B. 137
Hayashi A. 91
Hazar S. 84, 137
Hedayati M. 85, 88
Hedman K. 128
Heidarianpour A. 18
Hejazi M. 92, 113
Hemayattalab R. 78
Henne T. 69
Henriques M. 45, 84
Henriques-Coelho T. 136,
139, 140
Henríquez Del Pino Y. 90
Herberg R. 18
Herrera Navarro J.M. 97,
133
Herzyk P. 103
Heydari M. 123
Hickey B. 33
Higgins J. 63
Hilberg T. 118
Hillis S. 51
Hirakoba K. 140
Hita-Contreras D. 96
Hita-Contreras F. 89
Hodzovic E. 33
Hoffmann M. 119
Hong C.C. 53, 77
Hong S. 52
Horváth Á. 13, 81
Hsieh C.F. 105
Hsu M.F. 53, 77
Huang C.F. 113
Huang Y. 67
Huebner R. 125
Huertas F. 126
Huertas Olmedo F. 123
Hugo C. 64
Hugues T. 80, 129
Hundozi H. 137
Hussein H. 11
Hynynen E. 135
I
Iachelli G. 32
Ibañez P. 54
Ibañez S. 93
Ibarra Ponce De Leon C. 33
Ibba G. 71, 75
Ibis S. 84
Iglesias X. 135
Ikwuagwu D. 106
Ilardi M. 84
Ilbeigi S. 48, 125
Im S. 45
Impellizzeri F.M. 71
Ioannidi V. 38
Iocca M.L. 13, 52, 80, 115,
125
Iona L. 101
Iona T. 79
Ionescu A. 88
Isidori E. 92
Islegen C. 57
Ismael M. 63
Izzicupo P. 17, 123
J
Jafari A. 8, 28
Jafartaiari A. 49
Jakovljevic V. 23
Jalali S. 90
Jani M. 57
Jegier A. 47
Jeler M. 110
Jeremic R. 127
Jesic A. 100
Jeszka J. 96, 106
Jiang J.Y. 53
Jose Carminatti L. 136
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
152
K
Kaasik P. 116
Kahrizi S. 85
Kakhabrishvili Z. 129, 131
Kalapotharakos V. 71
Kaldur T. 114
Kalnina L. 137
Kals J. 114
Kamankesh S. 109
Kamenov B. 82
Kampman O. 118
Kanatas A. 47
Kapravelou G. 96
Karaca N. 106
Karadjozova I. 46, 140
Karamizrak O. 57
Karamouzis A. 14
Karamursel S. 124
Kargarfard M. 80, 85
Karli U. 110
Kashani A. 97
Kashi A. 35, 78, 104
Kasikcioglu E. 124
Katsumata M. 62
Kaukab A. 39
Kautiainen H. 118
Kavvada D. 119
Keihani M. 129
Kelc R. 82, 93
Kelishadi R. 85
Keller B. 106, 135
Kempa K. 24
Kenihan M. 107
Kerr D. 117
Keskin A. 84
Kevic S. 85
Khalil Zadeh S. 90
Khalili Alashyi A. 91
Khashaba A. 11
Khashaba S.H. 111
Khoshbakhti J. 8, 28
Kica H. 138
Kiehntopf M. 88
Kim H. 52
Kim J. 46
Kim M. 46, 86
Kim S. 61
Kim Y. 52
Kin Isler A. 40
Kiritsi O. 14
Kiritsis G. 14
Kiryu S. 34
Kishali N. 28
Kisic B. 133
Kisicek P. 91
Kiss M.A. 70, 139
Kiyici A. 128
Kiyici F. 28
Klapcinska B. 24
Kneffel Z. 17
Ko Y. 52
Koch L. 124
Kocher M. 80
Kohno T. 133
Kõks S. 122
Kollias I. 99
Kolossovskiy S. 45
Koltai E. 124
Komata K. 34
Konrad M. 61
Konstabel K. 21
Kontopoulou E. 64
Koponen H. 118
Korchazhkina N. 80, 81, 98
Kordi R. 44, 68
Korniloff K. 118
Korsten-Reck U. 91, 102
Kostoulas I. 107
Kotenko K. 80, 81, 98
Kotur-Stevuljevic J. 126
Kotzamanidou M. 31, 99
Koubaa D. 28
Kouidi E. 125
Kounalakis S. 107
Koutsonikola P. 115
Koutsonikolas D. 115
Koz M. 104
Kránicz J. 107
Kreuser F. 91, 102
Kreuzfeld S. 77
Krivolapchuck I. 55, 73
Kuczynski K.M. 135
Kumar B. 32
Kuperszmidt C. 91
Kurz E. 118
Kushi H. 106
L
L’Hermette M. 72, 125
La Delfa G. 131
Lace A. 130
Lacelli F. 12, 59, 101
Lacroix-Hugues V. 80
Laffond J. 64
Lago Peñas C. 40
Lagre F.X. 26
of SPORTS MEDICINE
153
AUTHORS’ INDEX
Joy E. 51
Jun J. 66
Jurecka A. 95
Justus F.B. 106
Lai D. 97
Laing S. 63
Lamberti N. 9, 24
Lamberti V. 63, 102, 118
Lamontagne M. 11, 18
Landolfi L. 114
Lanfranconi F. 33, 43, 67,
100
Langlois R. 140
Lania A. 15
Lanza M. 87
Lanzano R. 79, 83
Lanzillo C. 65
Lao C.K. 47
Laquale M. 137
Lassandro G. 137
Laudizio M. 119
Laudner K. 114
Laurent L. 71
Laurita S. 57
Lavado García J.M. 16
Lazarevic Z. 55, 102
Le L. 141
Lee J. 52
Leglise M. 69, 92
Legnani E. 56
Legnani R.F.S. 56
Lei K.W. 82
Leite N. 139
Lello S. 84
Lemaitre F. 111
Lenzi A. 35
Li Calzi M. 115
Li G. 48
Li H. 46
Lica E.M. 43, 61, 128
Lieberman D.E. 21
Ligere R. 137
Lima F. 23
Lima L. 46
Lin C. 112, 114
Lin T.C. 53, 77
Lin W. 67
Linde-Rosen M. 48
Lirim Bajrami L.B. 141
Lisi M. 39
Lista R. 84
Liu C. 40, 67
Liu J. 58
Liu Y. 138
Livrieri S. 29, 30
Lo C. 138
Lo Presti R. 27
Loi A. 97
Loidl H. 125
Lombini N. 55
Loney T. 47
Longa E. 24
Longa M. 17
Loock H. 107
Lopes A. 53, 129
Lopes V. 72, 74
Lotfian S. 53
Loturco I. 27
Lourenço J. 12
Loviselli A. 51, 52, 56, 86,
97
Loy F. 56
Lubich S. 18
Lubkowska A. 9, 18
Lucertini F. 60, 83
Luciani U. 30
Lucini D. 32
Lupiañez Castillo J. 123
Lupiañez J. 126
Lupp A. 88
Lusa V. 9
Luzi L. 84
Lynall R. 114
Lynch G.S. 28
Lyrtzis C. 12, 14, 115, 119
M
Macchi M. 17
Machado C. 25
Maestu R. 81
Magalhaes S. 12
Magaudda E. 12, 47, 65
Magaudda L. 18, 51, 65, 98
Maggioni M.A. 21
Mägi A. 122
Magli M. 36
Magnanellii R. 101
Magnani B. 17
Maio R. 79
Major Z. 17
Malacarne M. 32
Malagoni A.M. 9, 24
Malczewska-Lenczowska J.
110
Maleska Ivanovska V. 123,
138
Maleska V. 100
Malevska V. 140
Malicevic S. 86
Malliaropoulos N. 31
Malpezzi P. 94
Manara M. 40
Manari D. 40
Manavis K. 31, 99
Mancaniello A. 114
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
154
Martinaj M. 137
Martinelli D. 70
Martinez E. 120
Martinez Meléndez H. 19,
33, 133
Martínez-Amat A. 89, 96
Martínez-López E. 89, 96
Martínez-Romero R. 89, 96
Martini C. 59, 101
Martino A. 30, 65
Martins M. 55
Marton O. 124
Martucci E. 58
Martucci V. 79
Marvulli R. 66
Marzatico F. 27
Marzella M. 19, 132
Marzorati M. 42
Masala R. 56
Mascherini G. 37, 40, 52, 74
Mascoli F. 9, 24
Masera G. 100
Maskhulia L. 129
Maslennikova O. 98
Massidda M. 20, 49, 51, 52,
86
Masuchi K. 34
Masuchi T. 34
Matijevic-Mikelic V. 91
Matsumoto M. 62, 121
Matsumoto T. 34
Mattei V. 83
Mattiacci F. 71
Matyasova J. 12
Mayer A.B. 58
Mayer H.M. 130, 133
Mazaheri R. 28, 73, 81
Mazic S. 65, 86, 127
Mazzardo O. 56
Mazzoleni D. 68, 94
Mazzoni G. 36, 56, 66, 74,
94
Mcbride M.W. 103
Mcclure J.D. 103
Mcculloch J. 103
Mcphee J. 24
Mcpherson D. 63
Mcveigh J. 117
Meier H. 118
Meister K. 114
Melis F. 76
Mell F. 125
Melloni E. 37
Melnikov A. 123
Melo S. 119
Mendes R. 86, 87
Meneghello M. 61
Meneghelo R. 139
Mennelli G. 60
Menosso R. 101
Merati G. 21
Mercier J. 26, 49
Merghes P. 138
Mergul C. 74
Merianou C. 100, 104
Merlo F. 66
Mertens T. 80, 96
Mesina L. 138
Mesure S. 92
Meyer S. 62, 88
Mezêncio B. 70, 105, 120,
125, 135, 136
Micallef Stafrace K. 47
Miceli M. 94
of SPORTS MEDICINE
155
AUTHORS’ INDEX
Mancevska S. 29, 99, 100,
123
Mancini P. 51
Manda R. 27
Mandini S. 24
Mandolesi G. 67
Mandolesi M. 37
Manfredini F. 9, 24
Manfredini R. 9, 24
Mangini A. 32
Mango R. 89
Manno R. 84
Manozzi F.M. 114
Mansournia M.A. 73, 81
Mäntyselkä P. 118
Marchetti M. 39
Marciano A. 95
Marcolini M. 60
Marconi C. 102
Marcora S.M. 104
Mardany Chaharlang A. 19
Marelia E Guillen Mujica M.
43
Maridaki M. 38, 41, 140
Marincola A. 58, 62
Marinelli M. 101
Marinho D. 72
Marinho D.A. 74
Marini L. 51
Marino L. 99
Marongiu E. 40, 76, 97,
135
Marques E. 119, 132
Martelli G. 63, 66, 74
Martelli I. 66
Martín Gonzalez J.M. 138
Martín S. 96, 109
Miceli S. 79
Micheletti G. 76
Middleburgh R. 131
Miele F. 57
Migita T. 140
Migliaccio G.M. 37, 71, 76
Miglietta A. 137
Migliore A. 10, 11
Migliorini S. 67
Miguel C. 12, 25
Mikami E. 122
Mikhailova A. 80, 81, 98
Mikhalyuk E. 40, 41
Mikulán R. 21
Mila-Kierzenkowska C. 95
Milanese C. 61, 76, 87
Milburn P. 93
Milenkova M. 39, 137
Milia R. 37, 71, 76, 97, 135
Milicia G. 64
Minhalma R. 59
Minicelli M.G. 117
Mintál T. 13, 81, 107
Mion Jr D. 120
Miranda Cruz M. 94
Miranda M. 99
Miri Far A. 129
Miric D. 128,133
Mirkazemi S.A. 8, 28
Mirzarah Koushki M. 141
Miserocchi G. 15, 33, 43,
67, 100
Mitic N. 128, 133
Mitropoulos A. 140
Mitsaki C. 119
Mitsakis I. 119
Mitsakis M. 119
Miyachi M. 122
Mizuochi F. 121
Mlakar R. 93
Moda A. 17
Mohaghegh B. 68
Mohaghegh S. 68
Mohammadzadeh H. 123
Moharrebi M. 115
Mohni A. 58, 62
Mohsenzade A. 78
Mokhtari Dizaji M. 48
Molics B. 81, 107
Molinari S.M. 57
Molteni C. 33
Mondillo S. 39
Monleon C. 126
Monleón García C. 123
Montanari A. 115
Montanari G. 115
Montazeri Taleghani H. 141
Monteiro F. 12, 25
Monteiro J. 108, 136, 137,
139, 140
Monteiro M. 87
Monteleone G. 19, 128, 132
Montoro B. 20, 54
Montorsi M. 102
Monzo M. 20, 54
Moradi Lakeh M. 53
Morais E. 72
Morais J. 74
Morales A. 109, 135, 141
Morales Artacho A. 138
Moratal C. 126
Moratal Lull C. 123
Moreira A. 70
Morelli D. 40
Moreno C. 53
Moretti F. 30
Morrison E. 122
Morucci M. 8
Moschioni C. 101
Mota B. 119
Mota J. 119, 132
Moumtzidelis T. 31
Moustogiannis A. 41
Moutinho J. 86
Movahedi A. 90
Movaseghi S. 53
Movasseghe S. 88
Mrakic-Sposta S. 102
Mugandani S. 121
Müller E. 127
Muñoz C. 20, 54
Mura R. 20, 64, 70, 75, 76,
135
Muradás R. 116
Murakami H. 122
Muravskiy A. 12, 45
Murdocca M. 142
Murray A. 51, 112
Murtezani A. 137
Musiari L. 115
Musumeci L. 41
N
Nadeau M.J. 11, 18
Nahas R. 69, 91
Najafi N. 87
Nakagaichi M. 90
Nakagawa A. 34
Nakajima M. 111
Nakou L. 10, 31
Nalcakan M. 106
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
156
Novikova S. 12
Ntelis I. 10
Nylander E. 128
O
Oh B. 21, 61
Oh H. 84
Oh S. 81
Ohl A. 117
Okada H. 34
Oksa H. 118
Okudan N. 127, 128
Okutoyi P. 21
Olcina Camacho J.G. 16
Oliveira A. 91
Oliveira E. 119
Oliveira J. 87
Oliveira V. 122
Olla S. 75, 97, 135
Ongaro N. 21
Ongun M. 34
Oravitan M. 120
Orlandi C. 128
Orlandi D. 12, 59, 101
Orlandi R. 68
Ortega K. 120
Otto G.P. 62, 88
Ozdamar E. 40
Ozgurbuz C. 57
Ozturk A. 74
Ozturk O. 112
P
Pääsuke M. 116
Pablos A. 27, 141
Pablos C. 27
Paci G. 19, 132
Pacifico A. 60
Padial P. 138
Padmanabhan N. 103
Padmanabhan S. 103, 122
Padulo J. 71
Pagani M. 32
Pageaux B. 104
Pagourelias E. 125
Pail E. 61
Palazzi R. 66
Palma A. 54
Palma A.L.V. 117
Palmi J. 121
Palmieri V. 13, 30, 44
Panoutsakopoulos V. 31, 99
Papadopoulou T. 124
Papaiakovou G. 99
Paparde A. 9
Papavasiliou A. 115
Paradisis G. 38, 75
Parisi A. 8, 16, 41, 58, 78,
102
Parisi F. 79
Park D. 46
Park J.H. 21, 52, 86
Parmigiano T. 53, 129
Parrella A. 13, 80
Pascale A. 79
Pasini W. 102
Pasotti S. 17
Pasqualini P. 99
Passoni E. 15
Pastore A. 25
Patczai B. 13
Patel R.K. 103
Paterlini M. 44
Patrizi G. 52, 128, 132
of SPORTS MEDICINE
157
AUTHORS’ INDEX
Nanni Costa A. 91
Napolitano G. 17, 123
Nardelli N. 81
Narici M. 24, 58
Nascimento P.C. 134
Naso G. 132
Natali B.M. 39
Natsis K. 10, 12, 14, 31, 99,
100, 115
Naumov I. 13
Nazali L. 132
Nazario R. 139
Neamtu O. 88
Nebot E. 69, 96
Necip Fazil Kishali N. 74
Neri S. 15
Nery R. 117
Neuparth N. 59
Nicod F. 26
Nicol C. 131
Nie J. 47, 82
Nigro A. 29, 30, 65
Nikodelis T. 99
Nikolaidis P. 107
Nikolic S. 29, 46, 99, 100,
123, 140
Nikolovska N. 46, 140
Nittoli C. 33
Noe’ D. 15
Noguchi T. 62
Nonaka K. 111, 131
Noormohammadpour P. 44
Nõt L. 107
Notaristefano S. 52
Novarina M. 33, 43
Novelli G. 89
Noventa D. 15, 130
Patroni P. 55
Pattoneri P. 115
Pau M. 75, 97
Paulin P. 26
Pavlik G. 17
Paxinos T. 107
Pecci C. 86, 105
Peers K. 45
Pegueros A. 120
Pegueros Perez A. 19, 33,
97, 133
Peixoto E.M.L. 84
Pejic S. 126
Pelà G. 56, 115
Pelarigo J. 139
Pellicano M. 60
Pelliccia A. 49, 63
Pelloni I. 115
Peltonen M. 118
Peña Delgado T. 41
Pena T. 32
Pendleton A. 117
Pepe H. 127
Perazzolo Marra M. 130
Pereira G. 104
Pereira P.V. 87
Pereira S.M. 136
Perelomova I. 123
Pérez-Guerra A. 109, 138,
141
Perparim Ferunaj P.F. 141
Perrin F. 101
Perrone N. 12
Perticone F. 79
Pescatore V. 15, 130
Pessoa Junior T. 27
Petroni M.L. 56
Petrova M. 80, 81, 98
Petrovska S. 29, 46, 99, 100
Pezzati P. 60
Pierotti S. 36
Pietrangeli M. 115
Pietrini P. 72
Pigozzi F. 8, 11, 13, 29, 30,
51, 55, 65, 102
Piitulainen K. 111
Pikó B. 21
Pinedo M. 135
Pinheiro H. 48
Pinho J. 70, 105
Pinho J.P. 117, 120, 125
Pinho J.P.S.F.M. 135, 136
Pinho M.C.O.F. 120
Pinna M. 40, 71, 75, 76, 97,
135
Pinto A. 120
Pintore A. 56
Pio A. 114
Piras F. 20, 64, 70, 75, 135
Piratinskij A. 78
Piromalli S. 15
Piseri M. 56
Pisicchio C. 18
Pitsiladis Y.P. 21, 103, 122
Piucco T. 81, 136
Pizarro A.N. 132
Pizzolato F. 71
Pizzoli C. 18
Plakane L. 9
Plavsic J. 65
Pluncevic Gligoroska J. 29,
99, 100, 123
Pluncevic J. 29, 46, 140
Podgorac J. 100
Poggioli F. 50
Pogliacomi F. 44
Pohle C. 77
Pokrywka A. 110
Polat M. 54
Pollastri L. 33, 43, 67, 100
Polo M. 101
Pomidori L. 37
Pontalti M. 127
Popik I. 46
Popovic L. 128, 133
Porcelli S. 42, 102
Porres J. 69
Porres J.M. 96
Posabella G. 60
Poscolieri B. 30
Possuelo L. 116
Posthumus M. 93
Pourkazemi L. 72
Pournazari G. 48
Poznic-Jesic M. 100
Pozzato E. 9, 24
Prandelli N. 40
Prans E. 122
Pregliasco F. 22
Preobrazhenskiy A. 108
Preobrazhenskiy V. 108
Prettin S. 36
Priedite I.S. 137
Prioux J. 36, 75
Proia P. 54
Proietti Spaccapanico S. 10,
11
Prono V. 59
Prosperi M. 30
Pruna R. 20, 54
Puddu A. 56
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
158
Q
Quaglieri C. 17
Quaranta F. 8, 13, 16, 29,
30, 41, 55, 58, 65, 78
Quattrini F. 63
Queiroga D. 87
Queiroz A. 120
Queiroz G. 136, 139, 140
Quero M. 79
R
Racca S. 11
Radák Z. 93, 124
Radetti G. 73
Radic I. 128, 133
Radivojevic N. 17, 62, 71,
104, 126
Radmehr G. 81
Radovanovic D. 127
Rafat Panah H. 92, 113
Ragusa G. 79
Raibarts J. 130
Raingeard I. 26
Rajewski P. 95
Rajmane A. 63
Rakowski A. 95
Raleigh S. 93
Ramakoaba A. 121
Rambo L. 105
Ramezani A. 89
Ramognino F. 58, 62
Rampinini E. 105
Rangel M. 26
Ranjbar K. 22
Ranjbar R. 78
Ranocchi G. 13
Rasio D. 8
Razinkin S. 80
Razzaghi A. 89
Razzicchia S. 55
Reckziegel M. 116
Redler A. 128, 132
Reer R. 139
Reis V. 86, 87
Reisi A. 48
Rennó Sierra A. 139
Respizzi S. 32
Revan S. 127
Reyes Morales O. 142
Reyes Morales O.R. 142
Rezaee S. 85
Rezaeenia D. 89
Rezaei N. 88
Rezaeian N. 141
Rezaeian N. 82
Rezk C. 120
Rhee W.I. 66
Ribas I Fernández J. 20
Ribas J. 54
Ribatti M. 66
Ribeiro B. 63
Ribeiro J. 108, 132, 139
Ribeiro L. 75
Ricci G. 65
Ricciardi E. 72
Ricciardi L. 24, 68
Ricordi C. 84
Ridolfi M. 94
Rieger A. 77
Righi D. 30
Righi M. 18
Rinaldi C. 68
Rinaldo N. 87
Rinkule S. 130
Ripani M. 86
Ripari P. 22, 39, 65, 123
Ristoldo F. 70
Rizzo M. 141
Roberto D. 15
Roberto S. 71, 76, 97, 135
Roberts W. 130
Robles Cabrera R.A. 43, 119
Rocchi A. 115
Röcker K. 36
Rodas G. 20, 54
Rodrigues F. 75
Rodrigues T. 69, 91
Rodríguez F. 135
Rodriguez-Ruiz D. 90, 103,
109, 138
Rodriguez-Matoso D. 103
Rodriguez-Ruiz S. 56, 57
Rodríguez-Zamora L. 135
Roedel J. 88
Roettger K. 102
Roettger Katrin R. 91
Roi G.S. 91
Rojas J. 41
Rojas M. 125
Romagnoli G. 60
Romagnoli M. 76, 93
Romagnoni C. 32
Romain A. 49
Romano M. 58, 62
of SPORTS MEDICINE
159
AUTHORS’ INDEX
Puggioni G. 60
Pugliese L. 42
Pulcini A. 52, 128, 132
Pusceddu M. 76
Putotto C. 79
Puzovic V. 23
Romano P. 118
Romeo F. 89
Romero Cardona G. 26
Ronchi M. 43
Rosa M. 131
Rosa R.A. 65
Roschel H. 105
Rosito G. 48
Rossi A. 17, 87
Royes L. 23
Royes L.F. 75, 105, 119
Rozenstoka S. 130
Rrecaj S. 137
Ruberto C. 29, 37, 44
Rudarli Nalcakan G. 106
Ruhi R. 28
Rumi P. 55
Rupnik M.S. 93
Ruscello B. 37
Russo G. 22
Russo M.S. 30
Rusu A. 120
Rusu L. 128
S
Saba G. 47, 52
Saba N. 48, 49, 87
Sabatini C. 55
Sablone A. 22
Sabna N. 31
Sadeghian H. 35
Sadowska-Krepa E. 24
Safar Cherati A. 19, 41
Safarpour M. 97
Safoue F. 52, 128, 132
Saghebjoo M. 57
Saka T. 82
Sakac S. 100
Sala R. 32
Saladino P. 54
Salas R. 120, 133
Salata D. 9
Sales Marques R. 25
Sales R. 12
Saliane M.A. 103
Salianeh M. 91
Salianeh M.A. 91
Salimi P. 53
Salo P. 111
Salvioli S. 58
Sampaio J. 87
Samuels J. 63
Sánchez V. 120
Sánchez-Flores J. 109
Sangiuolo F. 89
Sangiuolo R. 89
Sangnier S. 140
Sangregorio M. 57
Sani L. 72
Sanjari M.A. 81
Sanna P. 76
Sannicandro I. 65
Santelli F. 101, 103
Santiago Teixeira A. 136
Santilli H. 81
Santilli O. 81
Santillo E. 51
Santini L. 66
Santoro A. 58
Santoro G. 72
Santos A. 119
Santos L.S. 120
Santos M.P. 132
Santos R.C. 120
Santos S.G. 81, 136
Santus E. 51
Santus S. 49, 52, 56, 86
Saoudi N. 80, 129
Saranovic S. 127
Sárga L. 93, 124
Sarikaya T. 104
Sarkis K. 91
Sarlak M. 35
Sarlak Z. 35, 104
Sarmiento A. 116
Sarmiento Montesdeoca S.
90
Sarmiento S. 103
Sasimontonkul S. 133
Satta G. 49, 51, 52, 56, 86
Sazlina S. 88
Scacciati I. 52
Scalisi M. 22, 123
Scardigno A. 13
Scarficcia G. 35
Scarzella F. 76
Schena F. 71, 87
Schiavone Panni A. 45
Schiera G. 54
Schmidt M. 61
Schmied C. 63
Schneider A. 130, 133
Schneider C. 130, 133
Schrepper A. 88
Schuster T. 130, 133
Schwabe K. 142
Schwellnus M. 142
Sciarra L. 30, 65
Sconfienza L.M. 12, 101
Scorcu M. 20, 60, 64, 70,
71, 135
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
160
Sianou K. 119
Sierra A. 133
Sigei T. 21
Signorini M. 74
Silva A. 69, 72, 91
Silva A.J. 74
Silva A.M.B. 135
Silva C. 55
Silva D. 69
Silva E. 87
Silva Jr N. 120
Silva L. 55
Silva L.F. 119
Silva P. 69, 91
Silvetti M.S. 30
Sim J. 117
Simões M.I. 46
Simoni F. 99
Sinno C. 13, 19
Sioud R. 72, 109
Siret Alfonso J. 41
Sisman A.R. 106
Sisti D. 60
Sitkowski D. 110
Sivevska E. 140
Skinner J. 93
Skountzos K. 14
Slavic V. 82
Smirniotou A. 75
Soares D. 48
Soares F. 23
Solbiati A. 32
Soldatos G. 14
Sole S. 121
Soleimany G. 53
Somolinski P. 48
Son K. 61
Son K.Y. 21
Soncin R. 105, 125
Soori R. 82
Soori Z. 22
Sopromadze Z. 131
Sorge R. 19, 132
Sossdorf M. 62, 88
Sotiropoulos A. 108, 109
Souglis A. 108, 109
Sousa A. 108, 136, 139, 140
Sousa J. 120
Sousa M. 139
Sousa N. 86, 87
Souza A. 87
Souza J.R. 120
Souza M. 75
Spaccapanico Proietti S. 10,
71
Spagakos G. 64
Spataro A. 141
Speciale F. 18, 98
Sperandii F. 13, 29, 30, 65
Speranza G. 65
Spigolon L. 51
Spiridonova M. 94
Spirovska V. 103
Squeo M. 41, 79
Squeo M.R. 83
Stacciolini A. 80
Stål P. 58
Stamm D. 23, 75, 105
Stassi F. 27
Stefanello J.M.F. 106
Stefani L. 10, 40, 52, 55,
60, 64, 74
Stefanovic D. 23
Stefas E. 31, 99
of SPORTS MEDICINE
161
AUTHORS’ INDEX
Scotti V. 33, 67
Sebestyén A. 13
Seif Barghi T. 67, 73
Seifbarghi T. 28, 97
Seifert L. 125
Sekulic S. 100
Selga G. 137
Selkow N. 114
Selvetti P. 26
Semple S. 107
Senaldi R. 141
Serafini G. 12, 59, 101
Serra P.A. 60
Serrano J. 139
Serrano Ochoa M.A. 97
Serrão J. 70, 105
Serrão J.C. 120, 125, 135,
136
Severi S. 99
Seynnes O. 24
Sgro’ P. 35
Shabani A. 87
Shafizadeh A. 91, 103
Shahidian S. 139
Shakeri N. 76
Shatku R. 108
Shehu Z. 108
Sheikh M. 78
Sheikholeslami Vatani D. 20,
53
Shi Q. 47, 82
Shiang T.Y. 53, 77, 105
Shih Y. 105
Shihab A. 142
Shimazaki T. 34
Shin D.W. 21
Shiskin P. 123
Stefas L. 31
Stein D. 139
Stein R. 117
Steri G.C. 49, 51, 52, 56, 86
Sterpini A. 19
Stio F. 52, 128, 132
Stokes R. 62
Stoll R. 77
Stracuzzi H.P. 142
Stracuzzi S.P. 142
Sturla M.I. 24
Stuto A. 14
Subiela J. 41
Suelzu S. 60
Sutkowy P. 95
Suzic J. 127
Suzic S. 127
Suzuki J. 62
Suzuki K. 34
Svanishvili T. 131
Svoboda S. 127
Swiderski K. 28
Syrmos N. 23, 92
Syvolap V. 40, 41
Szebeni E. 81
Szmigielska K. 47
Szmigielska-Kaplon A. 47
Szmuchrowski L.A. 125
Szygula Z. 9
T
Tabatabaee A. 48
Tabben M. 109
Tabka Z. 36, 75
Tadibi V. 102, 109
Tagami K. 34
Taghipour M. 19
Taglieri M.G. 22
Taheri S. 54
Taimouri M. 80
Takahashi M. 133
Takao P.P. 120
Tamás É. 128
Tampaki M. 140
Tanaka M. 122
Tanaka T. 121
Tancredi G. 79
Tanhaei A. 49, 87
Tappa M.C. 73
Tare M. 108
Tasca I. 141
Tassi M. 69
Tataradze E. 131
Tatsugi Y. 133
Tatsuta N. 111, 131
Tatuta N. 111
Taucci S. 8
Teixeira A.C. 87
Teixeira O. 27
Tempesti G. 10, 55, 60
Tenderini D. 43
Terranova F. 36, 56, 74, 94
Terzidis I. 10, 14, 115
Testa B. 89
Tezini G. 117
Theos A. 41, 140
Theves T. 48
Thiene G. 130
Thornell L. 58
Tiloca A. 19, 128, 132
Timpka T. 137
Tinucci T. 120
Tiznado Peña L. 19, 33
Tocco F. 40, 75, 76, 97, 135
Todde F. 75
Todorovska L. 99, 100, 123,
140
Tokui M. 140
Tolazzi C. 101
Tomassoni C. 10, 11
Toomey D. 116, 132
Torabi F. 22
Torkaman G. 88
Torlak S. 128
Torma F. 93
Tornaghi M. 42
Tornese D. 83
Torrent A. 28
Tosi F. 32
Totlis T. 10, 12, 14, 115
Totti V. 91
Tourny C. 140
Tourny-Chollet C. 72, 109,
111
Traballesi M. 18
Traina M. 22, 54
Tranchita E. 8, 16, 41, 58
Trapecar M. 93
Travlos A. 38, 108, 109
Triassi M. 17
Trimarchi F. 98
Tripodi D. 70
Trisolino G. 58
Tsigganos G. 41, 140
Tsitas K. 14
Tsolakis C. 38, 42
Tsoukos A. 77
Tucci J. 119
Tülin A. 123
Tupler R. 17
Turchetta A. 49
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
162
U
Uccheddu R. 70
Uliari S. 36, 74, 94
Ulkar B. 82
Une S. 111, 131
Ungaro E. 42
Unolt M. 79
Unt E. 114, 122
Urgelli S. 74
Uribe R. 41
Uzum H. 110
V
Vagetti G.C. 122
Vagnoni E. 9
Vahimets M. 116
Valenti C. 58, 62
Valim A. 116
Valverde Esteve T. 138, 141
Valverde T. 103, 109
Vámhidy L. 13
Vandenplas Y. 80, 96
Vanelli M. 56
Vanhala M. 118
Vanlommel L. 35, 69
Vanoni M. 48
Varley I. 47
Vasconcelos J.C. 12
Vasilescu M. 88
Vasso M. 45
Vasuri F. 58
Vaya A. 93
Vazquez J. 135
Veicsteinas A. 84
Veligekas P. 77
Velluzzi F. 49, 51, 97
Venerandi R. 60
Venevtseva Y. 123
Venturati G. 40
Veraksits A. 122
Vercammen M. 80, 96
Vergani H. 33
Verna R. 52, 128, 132, 142
Verzini F. 76
Vesalinaseh M. 23, 57
Vesic Vukasinovic M. 71, 104
Vessella T. 30
Vettori M.P. 130
Vezzoli A. 42, 102
Viecca M. 29
Viggiano D. 45
Vigo C. 32
Vigouroux L. 111
Vilas-Boas J. 139
Vilas-Boas J.P. 108, 136,
137, 139, 140
Villalobos M. 26
Villegas J.A. 27
Villosio C. 35
Violante A. 65
Virginia V. 109
Visconti B. 43
Vitale M. 43
Vitali L. 43
Viveiros L. 27
Vlahek P. 91
Vnukov D. 108
Vogrin M. 82, 93
Volante J. 95
Voser R. 139
Vujic S. 104
Vukasinovic-Vesic M. 17, 61,
62, 126
Vuletic M. 23
W
Walker B. 112
Wanderly F. 119
Wang G. 122
Wang Z. 46
Wanke A. 24
Watanabe S. 121
Watson G. 121
Wehrle A. 121
Weippert M. 77
Wellmann K. 139
Wesolowski R. 95
Witwity J. 83
Wong D. 73, 106
Wozniak A. 95
Wu K. 112, 114
Y
Yabuta C. 91
Yahia M. 83
Yaici K. 80, 129
Yakal S. 124
Yalçin Tasmektepligil M.
123
Yamaguchi K. 34
Yamashita C. 91
Yamatsu K. 110
Yang W. 40
Yang Y. 46
Yanmis I. 9, 83
Yarar H. 110
Yasin S. 88
of SPORTS MEDICINE
163
AUTHORS’ INDEX
Turgay F. 34, 106
Turner R. 62
Tziortzis S. 75
Yazdanian M. 92, 113
Yazdaniyan M. 113
Yazdanparastchaharmahali B.
116
Yche C. 58, 62
Yen M. 80
Yildiz S. 112
Yildiz Y. 9, 10, 83
Yilmaz A. 40
Yim E. 31, 48
Ylinen J. 111
Younesian M. 68
Yousefi M. 125
Yu J. 58
Yuksel O. 57
Z
Zaca’ V. 39
Zaccaria D. 42
Zacharogiannis E. 38, 75
Zagari D. 65
Zakalka I. 100, 104
Zamanian F. 23, 57
Zambelli L. 55
Zamboni F. 61
Zamboni P. 9, 24
Zampa A. 101
Zanazzi A. 11
Zancanaro M. 91
Zangla D. 22
Zanini M. 117
Zappala’ G. 68
Zarban A. 57
Zarcos-Pedrinaci I. 14
Zargar T. 9
Zdanowicz R. 110
Zeidabadi R. 103
Zemkova E. 42
Zenobi R. 142
Zeppilli P. 13, 30, 44
Zerguini Y. 63
Zhou J. 48
Ziaras C. 38
Ziccheddu M. 56
Zidabadi R. 91
Zilaeibouri M. 110, 124
Zilaeibouri S. 110, 124
Zinovyev O. 108
Zivkovic V. 23, 140
Zorec B. 110
Zorec R. 110
Zouhal H. 36, 75
Zunarelli P. 94
Zylfi Shesu Z.SH. 141
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS
164
of SPORTS MEDICINE
POSTER SESSIONS
27 SEPTEMBER
Poster Sessions 27 September
Poster Session 1 • Chairmen:
D. Hamar (SLOVAKIA); M. Gismondi (ITALY)
Poster Session 2 • Chairmen:
M. Triassi (ITALY); L. Aita (ITALY)
Poster Session 3 • Chairmen:
S. Campi (ITALY); P. Selvetti (ITALY)
Poster Session 4 • Chairmen:
G. Scarficcia (ITALY); G. Bini (ITALY)
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND CANCER SURVIVORS: A RESISTANCE TRAINING PROTOCOL
Authors
1
2
2
1, 3, 4
1, 4
1, 4
C. Cerulli , A. Bonifacino , D. Rasio , E. Tranchita
, E. Ciminelli , F. Quaranta ,
1, 4
1
1
1,4
E. Guerra , V. De Luca , E. Grazioli , A. Parisi
Affiliations
1
2
Health Sciences Department University Of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, ITALY, Senology
3
Unit S. Andrea Hospital Sapienza University Of Rome, Rome, ITALY, School Of
4
Specialization In Sport Medicine Sapienza University Of Rome, Rome, ITALY, Italian
Federation Of Sport Medicine, Rome, ITALY
Body
Objective: Evaluate the effects of a resistance training protocol in breast cancer
survivors.
Design and method: 20 patients, 32 to 68 years old (49,3±10,1)
surgically treated
for breast cancer with therapeutic treatment concluded at least six month
previously, eligible for non competitive sports were randomly assigned to either
Physical Fitness (PFG) or to Control Group (CG). PFG began exercise programs
consisting of 2 training sessions per week lasting 60 min for 6 months. Each training
session was structured as follows: 10 minutes of warm-up performed on a
stationary bike or treadmill; a central phase of resistance training exercises that
included shoulder press, vertical traction, leg extensions, leg curls, leg press, running
between 40 and 80% of 1RM; a final phase with stretching exercises. For the first
four weeks, training was carried out at 40% of 1RM, then the workload was
progressively increased. In order to evaluate the exercise effect on cardiopulmonary
function and body composition, all patients were tested for VO2max, FVC, FEV1 and
Body Impedance Analyse and had the strength of their principal muscular groups
measured too. Additionally, the psychological screening consists of POMS and FACIT-F.
Data are collected twice, at the beginning and at the end of the training program.
Results: At the time of writing, results suggest that resistance training has positive
effects on all of the physiological and psychological parameters measured.
Conclusions: The results of this study underline the importance of the early inclusion of
structured physical activity in the rehabilitation protocol of breast cancer survivors.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
THERAPEUTIC HORSEBACK RIDING IN BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS: AN EXPERIMENTAL
PROTOCOL
Authors
1
2
3
4
4
1, 5, 6
C. Cerulli , C. De Santis , P. Frittelli , M. Morucci , S. Taucci , E. Tranchita
, E.
1, 6
1, 6
1, 6
1,6
Ciminelli , F. Quaranta , A. Parisi , F. Pigozzi
Affiliations
1
2
Health Sciences Department University Of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, ITALY, Asd
3
Sociale Il Giardino Di Filippo-viterbo, Viterbo, ITALY, Senology Unit Belcolle Hospital
4
5
Viterbo, Viterbo, ITALY, Psychology Unit Belcolle Hospital Viterbo, Viterbo, ITALY,
6
School Of Speciaitation In Sport Medicine Sapienza University Of Rome, Rome, ITALY,
Italian Federation Of Sport Medicine, Rome, ITALY
Body
Objective: Evaluate the physiological and psychological benefits of therapeutic
horseback riding in breast cancer survivors. Although there is currently no scientific
evidence about this approach, horseback riding could be a good combination of
psychological therapy and physical activity.
Design and method: 20 patients, 39 to 51 years old (45±4,08), mastectomized with
therapeutic treatment concluded at least six month previously, underwent a screening
protocol to certify their eligibility to non competitive sports. The subjects were then
randomly assigned to either horseback riding group (RG) or to control group (CG). RG
participated in a 4 month training program consisting of one hour of activity per week.
Each activity session consists of three phases: 1.warm up, horse caring and grooming,
2.riding 3. unsaddling and grooming activity. In order to evaluate the exercise effect
on cardiopulmonary function and body composition, all patients were tested for
VO2max, FVC, FEV1 and Body Impedance Analyse.
The strength of principal
muscular groups was measured too. Furthermore, the psychological screening consists
of POMS, FACIT-F, STAI 1, STAI 2, BDI. Data are collected twice, at the beginning and at
the end of the training program.
Results: At the time of the writing preliminary results suggest that horseback riding has
positive effects either on psychological well-being or on physiological parameters,
enhancing quality of life of breast cancer survivors
Conclusions: The results of this study could generate new evidence for the effect of
therapeutic horseback riding on these patients and propose a new way of
rehabilitation after cancer in a non-medical environment.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
RESPONSE TO WHOLE BODY CRYOSTIMULATION AFTER THE ADAPTATION TO COLD
DURING SEASON OF WINTER SWIMMING
Authors
1
2
3
4
3
A. Lubkowska , Z. Szygula , B. Dolegowska , I. Bryczkowska , D. Salata , M.
3
Budkowska
Affiliations
1
Department Of Physiology, Faculty Of Biology, Szczecin University; Chair And
2
Department Of Biochemistry And Medical Che, Szczecin, POLAND, Nstitute Of Human
3
Physiology, University School Of Physical Education, Krakow, POLAND, Department Of
Laboratory Diagnostics And Molecular Medicine Pomeranian Medical University,
4
Szczecin, POLAND, Department Of Physiology, Faculty Of Biology, Szczecin University,
Szczecin, POLAND
Body
The aim of our research was to examine whether winter swimming over a period of 5
months results in adaptation changes that improve the tolerance to stress induced by
exposure to cryogenic temeperatures during whole-body cryostimulation (WBC). The
research involved 15 healthy men, with normal body-weight, who had never been
subjected to neither whole-body cryostimulation nor cold water immersion. Subjects
were twice exposed to whole-body stimulation (3 min/-130°C), i.e. before and after
the season of winter swimming. Blood was taken seven times: in the morning before
the first cryostimulation, 30 min after the first cryostimulation and in the next
morning. The same scheme of blood collection was used, after the completion of the
winter swimming season. Our analysis concerned changes in hematological parameters
as well as in reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione, total oxidative capacity
(TOS), total antioxidative capacity (TAS) and components of the antioxidant system:
superoxide dismutase (SOD) catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione
reductase (R-GSSG). Significant reductions in hemoglobin concentration, number of
red blood cells, the hematocrit index and mean corpuscular volume of red blood cell
have been observed. In response to the first WBC we observed changes both in TOS
and TAS, as well as in antioxidant enzymes. GSSG also increased significantly. After the
winter swimming season, we observed an increase in resting TAS, decrease in TOS, and
highly significant positive change in the GSH:GSSG ratio. The obtained results may
indicated positive adaptation changes in the antioxidant system in healthy individuals
engaged in winter swimming.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
IMPLEMENTATION OF A LOW-COST REHABILITATION PROGRAMME TO MANAGE
WALKING DISABILITY IN PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE: THE “TEST-IN--TRAIN-OUT “
PROGRAMME
Authors
1
2
1
1
3
1
A. Malagoni , E. Vagnoni , M. Felisatti , F. Mascoli , N. Basaglia , R. Manfredini , N.
1
1
1
1
Lamberti , E. Pozzato , P. Zamboni , F. Manfredini
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Ferrara-vascular Diseases Center, Ferrara, ITALY,
University Of
3
Ferrara-department Of Economics, Ferrara, ITALY, S.anna Hospital-department Of
Rehabilitation Medicine, Ferrara, ITALY
Body
Aim
Exercise training is an effective, low-cost therapy improving the functional ability of
patients with peripheral arterial disease. Center-based programs are effective but
poorly available. The identification of effective, low-cost models of intervention could
promote large-scale rehabilitation. Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a novel
approach to rehabilitation for peripheral arterial disease, prescribed at hospital and
performed at-home, the so-called Test in/Train out program, were evaluated .
Materials and Methods
A total of 289 patients with intermittent claudication (M=210, age=71±10.1y) were
enrolled for a 2-year period. Patients were tested at hospital and pain threshold speed
was determined by an incremental treadmill test. Two daily 10-minute home-walking
sessions at a speed 20-30% below pain threshold speed were prescribed and paced at
home by a metronome. The program included a daily record of exercise, and serial
monthly check-ups at hospital to update the prescription. Patients compliance, Quality
of Life-QoL, Ankle Brachial Index, and walking capacity were evaluated. Direct and
indirect costs of the program were also considered for cost-effective analysis.
Results
Two-hundred-fifty patients (M=191, 70.5±9.2y), at Fontaine’s II-B stage (86%) were
included in the study. A total of 1839 in hospital check-ups (7.36/patient) were
performed. The program, without adverse events reported, showed high compliance,
and significant improvement of QoL (P<0001) and walking capacity (P<.0001). The
average costs of a therapy cycle, and the cost to walk an additional meter before
stopping were 507.20 and 9.22 Euros, respectively.
Conclusions
A Test-in/Train-out program is feasible and provides a low cost improvement of
walking disability in patients with intermittent claudication.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
EFFECT OF ACUTE EXERCISE INTENSITY ON ENDOTHELIUM DEPENDENT AND
INDEPENDENT VASOMOTION
Authors
1
1
1
1
A. Paparde , L. Plakane , I. Aivars , V. Lusa
Affiliations
1
Department Of Human And Animal Physiology, Faculty Of Biology, Univeristy Of
Latvia, Riga, LATVIA
Body
The aim of the study was to determine the acute effect of the different veloergometric
exercise intensities on the endothelium dependent and independent vasodilatation in
non-exercising limb skin. Ten healthy volunteers (men = 4, women = 6) with a mean
age of 21.0 ± 0.54 years, height of 1.75 ± 0.043 m, weight of 69.25 ± 2.62 kg and body
mass index of 22.9 ± 0.81 kg*m-2 (means± SEM) participated in our study. All subjects
were healthy and non-smokers. Subject underwent a three- step incremental test on a
cycle-ergometer. Skin microvascular perfusion were measured using laser Doppler
imaging combined with 1% acetylcholine (ACh) and 1% sodium nitroprusside (SNP)
transcutaneous iontophoresis on forearm non-acral (hairy) skin. Forearm blood flow
(FBF) was measured with venous occlusion plethysmograph. In all subjects, skin
perfusion was unchanged immediately after light exercise (before 100.0±0.1 % and
after exercise 99.4±2.1 %, P>0.05), but it was increased significantly after mild and
submaximal exercise (152.5±9.7% and 292.6± 28.9%, P<0.05). The same increase was
observed in FBF (before 3.2±0.14, light 4.0±0.26, mild 7.4±0.72, and submaximal
9.3±0.83 ml*min-1 per 100 ml tissues, P<0.05). Endothelium-independent vasodilation
rises with increase of exercise intensity. Light exercise does not influence
endothelium-dependent vasodilation, but increase of exercise intensity does change
endothelium-dependent dilatations response. In conclusion, the relatively large muscle
groups over mild intense dynamic exercise leads to non-working limb (arm) blood flow
increase in skin microcirculation and endothelial-independent mechanism, but
endothelium-dependent vasodilation decreases accordingly to increase of intensity of
exercise.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
THE STRENGTH RATIO OF INTERNAL TIBIAL ROTATION AND KNEE FLEXION AFTER THE
USE OF HAMSTRING TENDONS FOR ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
RECONSTRUCTION
Authors
1
2
3
4
A. Ada , Y. Yildiz , I. Yanmis , T. Aydin
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Sports Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty,, Ankara, TURKEY,
3
Department Of Sports Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty,, Ankara, TURKEY,
4
Department Of Orthopedics, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty,, Ankara, TURKEY,
Department Of Sports Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty,, Ankara, TURKEY
Body
OBJECTIVE
The strength ratio of internal tibial rotation and knee flexion supports to medial knee
stabilization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the strength ratio of internal tibial
rotation and knee flexion after the use of semitendinosus and gracilis tendons for
anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
DESIGN AND METHOD
15 recreational athletes with unilateral anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, at
least one years previously, participated in this study, aged between 25 and 40 years
(mean age 34±6 years). In an attempt to minimize unwanted subtalar joint motion,
subjects were immobilized using an ankle brace. Participants were tested at angular
velocities of 60 and 180 deg/sec at a knee flexion angle of 900.
RESULTS
The peak torque/body weight ratio measurements for internal tibial rotation and knee
flexion operative limb and non operative limb were found to be 0.2±0.06 Nm, 0.2±0.08
Nm; 0.8±0.3 Nm, 1.1±0.3 at 60 deg/sec, 0.2±0.05 Nm, 0.2±0.01 Nm, 0.7±0.2 Nm,
0.8±0.2 Nm at 180 deg/sec respectively. The strength ratio of internal tibial rotation
and knee flexion of the operative limb and non operative limb were found to be 5±1.6,
4.5±1.7 at 60 deg/sec, 4.5±1.3, 3.8±1.3 at 180 deg/sec respectively. All measured
parameters of the operated limb at 60 and 180 deg/sec were statistically different
compared to non-operated limb (p<0.01)
CONCLUSIONS
This study has shown that evaluate the strength ratio of internal tibial rotation and
knee flexion is lower after the use of semitendinosus and gracilis tendons for anterior
cruciate ligament reconstruction. This may lead to deficit for medial knee stabilization.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN AND RELATED RETURN TO PLAY PERCENTAGES AFTER
ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION
Authors
1
1
2
3
1
4
D. Alaseirlis , T. Totlis , L. Nakou , I. Terzidis , I. Ntelis , K. Natsis
Affiliations
1
General Hospital Of Giannitsa, Department Of Orthopaedic Surgery, Giannitsa,
2
University Hospital Papanikolaou, Department Of Neurosurgery,
GREECE,
3
4
Thessaloniki, GREECE, General Hospital Saint Lukas, Thessaloniki, GREECE, Aristotles
University Of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GREECE
Body
Aim: To examine the incidence of patellofemoral (PF) pain after anterior cruciate
ligament reconstruction using hamstrings autografts and its possible effect on
returning to sports.
Materials and Methods: 42 athletes (17 male-25 female) with a mean age of 23 y.o.
(14-38) received a reconstruction procedure of the anterior cruciate for isolated acute
injury of the ligament. Hamstrings autografts were used in all patients. None of the
patients presented trochlear dysplasia. A common post-operative rehabilitation
program was followed by all patients. Mean follow-up was 64 months (18-80).
Results: No severe immediate post-operative complications were reported. At the end
of follow-up a mean of 92 and 90 Lysholm and IKDC scores was measured respectively.
Of the twenty-two patients who reported painless PF crepitus during the first sixteen
post-operative weeks, eleven patients (26.2% - group A) developed later recurrent
patellofemoral pain and a lower mean of Lysholm (86) and IKDC (84) scores, with a
final percentage of 64% (7 patients) not able to participate in the pre-injury level of
sports activitivies. Patients without patellofemoral pain (31 patients, group B)
presented a significantly lower incidence of not returning to the pre-injury level of
sports (16%, five patients).
Conclusions: A high percentage (26.2%) of patients presented recurrent symptoms of
patellofemoral pain, late after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using
hamstrings autografts. Among these patients a high percentage of 64% were not able
to return to previous level of sports activities.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
THE BEHAVIOR OF BLOOD PRESSURE DURING EXERCISE IN YOUNG ATHLETES
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
B. Alice , N. Gori , G. Tempesti , I. Corsani , L. Stefani , G. Galanti
Affiliations
1
Sports Medicine, Florence, ITALY
Body
Purpose: this study was aimed to evaluate the behavior of blood pressure in a group of
young athletes in order to look any possible relationship with age, BMI and body
surface area(BSA) in them. Methods: 300 athletes, aged between 9 and 15 years, were
investigated. Systolic (SBP), Diastolic(DBP)and the mean arterial blood pressure(MAP)
at rest, at the apex of the effort and at the 4 'minute of recovery were measured.
Results: BSA and BMI showed a significant increase between 11 and 12 years. The
SBP at rest increased with age while the DBP did not showed a progressive increase of
values.The MAP at rest showed a significant increase between 11 and 12 years and
between 14 and 15 years. The SBP and the MAP at the peak of the effort increased
every year, with a significant difference between 11 and 12 years. At the 4’of the
recovery the SBP showed a progressive increase with age; DBP did not follow the trend
of systolic pressure. The MAP values increased with significant enhancement
between 12 and 13 years and between 14 and 15 years. Conclusions: in young athletes
blood pressure and anthropometrics parameters increases with age and this increase
becomes significant to the passage between 11 to 12 years. The DBP globally increase
during the growth, even if was not observed any significant change.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
THE EFFECTS OF MESOTHERAPY ON FUNCTIONAL TEST SCORE IN ORIENTEERING
ATHLETES WITH MEDIAL TIBIAL STRESS SYNDROME
Authors
1
1
1
A. Apaydin , Y. Yildiz , T. Aydin
Affiliations
1
2
Department Sports Medicine Of Gulhane Military Medical Faculty, Ankara, TURKEY,
3
TURKEY, TURKEY
Body
OBJECTIVE
Medial tibial stress syndrome is a common, painful musculoskeletal condition that
affects physically active young adults and adolescents.Mesotherapy is a medical
procedure that consists in the application of intradermal injections of mixed
pharmacological substances that are given directly into the region to be treated.
Mesotherapy has been used to treat musculoskelateal diseases. The purpose of this
study was to evaluate the effectiveness of mesotherapy injection on medial tibial
stress syndrome.
DESIGN AND METHOD
15 orienteering athletes with medial tibial stress syndrome participated in this study,
aged between 18 and 35 years (mean age: 26.5 ± 8.5 years). All participants underwent
clinical and instrumental diagnosis (X-rays and three phase local dynamic bone
scintigraphy). Mesotherapy was assigned to 3 treatments, 1 application per 5 days for
2 weeks. 0.5 ml deksketop
rofen trometamol (50
mg/2 ml), 1 ml thiocolchicoside (4 mg/2ml) and 1 ml prilocaine HCl (20 mg/ml) were
mixed in the same injector. This mesotherapy mixture was injected around the medial
tibial area in each session. Functional test score and visual analogue pain scale were
used to evaluate each subject before the treatment and at 10 days after the last
application.
RESULTS
After the treatment; functional test score and visual analogue pain scale were
decreased significantly from 6.5±3.2 to 3.4±2.8 and from 7.2 ± 0.77 to 1.73 ± 1.28
respectively (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
Mesotherapy appeared to be an effective treatment for medial tibial stress syndrome.
The future researches need to be done in this area.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
INJECTIONS OF HAYALURONIC ACID, MANUAL THERAPY AND ECCENTRIC TRAINING ON
ACHILLES TENDON MID PORTION AFFECTED BY TENDINITIS IN AGONISTIC ATHLETES
Authors
2
1
2
1
E. Bizzi , G. Boni , A. Migliore , S. Spaccapanico Proietti
Affiliations
1
2
Cr Umbria Fmsi - Surgery Of Sport Medicine - Foligno, Foligno, ITALY, Dep.
Reumatology - Fbf - S. Peter Hospital, Roma, ITALY
Body
AIM
To evaluate the efficacy of synergy between the Hyaluronic Acid (HA) injections
(peritendinous) and the rehabilitation in athletes affected by tendinitis of the mid
portion of the Achilles Tendon (AT).
Methods
From February to April 2011 we investigated nine agonistic athletes with an average
age of 33,6. Of these, 8 were male and 2 female, practicing different sports, with pain
at the mid portion of the AT, 3 to 5 cm proximal to its site of attachment on the back of
the calcaneus.
They underwent a weekly cycle of 4 injections of HA peritendinous with medium
weight hyaluronans and 5/ 10 sessions of manual therapy (MT), together with an
eccentric training (ET) programme over 4/6 weeks performed at home with sets of
12-15 reps with an increasing load repeated 1-2 times daily.
Myo - fascial terapy was performed immediately before infiltration and lasted between
30 and 45 minutes. All patients were evaluated by average pain VAS (6,6 pre to 0,7
post synergy of rehabilitation) and average repetition of eccentric stretching of the AT
inducing pain (5,1 pre to 10 post ) at baseline and after 8 weeks. On every occasion
each patient had an ecography of the AT, and two of them an MRI scan.
Results
Patients showed a significant reduction in pain symptoms
recovery to return to competitive sports.
and a complete functional
Conclusions
The combination of infiltrative therapy with HA, MT and ET represents an effective
incentive for reducing symptoms and restoring function in competitive athletes with
tendinitis of the mid-portion of AT.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
INTRA-ARTICULAR ULTRASOUND-GUIDED INJECTIONS IN AGONISTIC AND
NON-AGONISTIC ATHLETES AFFECTED BY ANKLE OSTEOARTHRITIS
Authors
1
2
1
2
2
3
E. Bizzi , G. Boni , A. Migliore , S. Proietti Spaccapanico , A. Ferri , P. Caramore , D.
3
3
Giannini , C. Tomassoni
Affiliations
1
2
Dep. Of Rheumatology, S.pietro Fbf Hospital, Rome, ITALY, Cr Umbria - Fmsi 3
Surgery Of Sport Medicine - Foligno - Pg, Foligno, ITALY, Surgery Of Sport Medicine
Flaminia - Spoleto - Pg, Spoleto, ITALY
Body
Aim: To investigate the eventual efficacy and safety profiles of intra-articular
ultrasound-guided hyaluronic acid injections associated with rehabilitation in athletes
affected by ankle osteoarthritis.
Methods: In the years from 2008 to 2011 over 220 athletes received an
intra-articular ultrasound-guided injection for a condition of osteoarthritis; 15 athletes
were affected by ankle osteoarthritis. Medium-weight hyaluronans were used. All
patients were evaluated by means of pain VAS and antero-posterior standing range of
motion by the use of a goniometer at baseline and after 6 months. All injections were
ultrasound-guided. All patients also underwent a variable number of rehabilitation
sessions. All adverse events were recorded.
Results: 11 agonistic athletes from different disciplines and 4 non agonistic athletes
made up the group of patients affected by ankle osteoarthritis which underwent
intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid. A total of 15 injections was administered.
All patients correctly performed rehabilitation sessions. Range of motion improved by
37% in agonistic athletes and by 29% in non agonistic athletes. Pain VAS decreased by
76,4% in agonistic athletes and by 80% in non agonistic athletes. No systemic or local
adverse events were reported.
Discussion: The use of intra-articular hyaluronic acid injections by ultrasound-guidance
seems to be in our experience a valid tool for athletes suffering from ankle
osteoarthritis, with good efficacy and safety profiles. Further studies are needed to
confirm such data.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
INTRA-ARTICULAR ULTRASOUND-GUIDED INJECTIONS IN AGONIST AND NON-AGONIST
ATHLETES AFFECTED BY KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS
Authors
1
2
2
1
2
3
A. Migliore , G. Boni , S. Proietti Spaccapanico , E. Bizzi , A. Ferri , C. Caramore , D.
3
3
Giannini , C. Tomassoni
Affiliations
1
2
S.pietro Fbf Hospital, Dep. Of Rheumatology, Rome, ITALY, Cr Fmsi - Umbria, Sports
3
Sports Medicine Ambulatory Medicine Ambulatory - Foligno, Foligno, ITALY,
Flaminia - Spoleto, Spoleto, ITALY
Body
Aim of the study: To investigate on the eventual efficacy and safety profiles of
intra-articular ultrasound-guided hyaluronic acid injections associated to rehabilitation
in athletes affected by knee osteoarthritis.
Methods: In the years from 2008 to 2011 over 220 athletes received an
intra-articular injection for a condition of osteoarthritis; 80 athletes were affected by
knee osteoarthritis. Medium-weight hyaluronans were used. All patients were
evaluated by means of pain VAS and Lequesne index at baseline and after 6 months.
Kellgren-Lawrence radiological grade was evaluated at baseline. All injections were
ultrasound-guided. All patients also underwent a variable number of rehabilitation
sessions. All adverse events were reported.
Results: 23 agonistic athletes from different disciplines and 57 non agonistic athletes
made up the group of patients affected by knee osteoarthritis which underwent
intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid. 27 patients were affected by bilateral knee
osteoarthritis. A total of 107 injections was administered. All patients correctly
performed rehabilitation sessions. Kellgren-Lawrence grading ranged between 1 and 4,
with an average of 1,97. Lequesne index values decreased by 79% in agonistic athletes
and by 71% in non agonistic athletes. Pain VAS decreased by 81% in agonistic athletes
and by 72% in non agonistic athletes. No systemic or local adverse events were
reported.
Discussion: The use of intra-articular hyaluronic acid injections by ultrasound-guidance
seems to be in our experience a valid tool for athletes suffering from knee
osteoarthritis, with good efficacy and safety profiles. Further studies are needed to
confirm such data.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
CORRELATION BETWEEN BODY MASS INDEX AND BLOOD PRESSURE IN YOUNG
ATHLETES
Authors
1
1
E. Contini , A. Zanazzi
Affiliations
1
Institute For Sports Medicine, Milan, ITALY
Body
Objective - It is well known that overweight subjects have the tendency to develop
hypertension and both obesity and hypertension are relevant risk factors for coronary
cardiopathy. The aim of the present study is to point out if an increase of weight in
young athletes corresponds an increase of blood pressure.
Design and methods - We examined 323 young athletes, between 6-18 years old,
requesting a medical certificate of suitability for agonistic sports. We divided them by
gender and age and for each athlete we wrote down the weight, height and blood
pressure with the same procedure. We calculated the Body Mass Index from their
anthropometric measures and the results were compared with the table of Cole (1)
for normal values.
Results - The 26.69% of males and the 23.52% of females were overweight.
These are the blood pressure’s average values founded (in mmHg):
Normal weight males : 111,7 / 69,22
Overweight males : 112,79 / 68,57
Normal weight females : 105,74 / 63,62
Overweight females : 119,43 / 76,68
Conclusion - Although for some age groups the number of athletes was too small to be
significant,
we noticed that in every age group the blood pressure’s values were slightly higher in
overweight athletes, both males and females. This study demonstrates how important
is to control the weight since early ages, to avoid blood pressure increases
and the possible establishing of hypertension and subsequent cardiopathy.
1) Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH, Establishing a standard definition for child
overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. British Medical Journal
2000;320:1240-1243
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
DO ACHILLES TENDON LENGTH AND SOLEUS INSERTION ANGLE DIFFER BETWEEN
PERSONS WITH OR WITHOUT CLINICAL SYMPTOMS OF ACHILLES TENDINOPATHY?
Authors
1
A. Desrochers , D. Gagnon, M.J. Nadeau, M. Lamontagne
Affiliations
1
Laboratoire De Pathokinésiologie, Institut De Réadaptation Gingras-lindsay De
2
Laboratoire De Pathokinésiologie, Institut De
Montréal, Montréal, CANADA,
3
Réadaptation Gingras-lindsay De Montréal, Montréal, CANADA, Laboratoire De
Pathokinésiologie, Institut De Réadaptation Gingras-lindsay De Montréal, Montréal,
4
CANADA, Laboratoire De Pathokinésiologie, Institut De Réadaptation Gingras-lindsay
De Montréal, Montréal, CANADA
Body
AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine if absolute and relative Achilles tendon (AT) length
and soleus muscle fiber insertion angles onto the AT differ between persons with or
without clinical symptoms of AT tendinopathy.
MATERIALS & METHODS: Persons with (N=14) and without (N=14) clinical symptoms
of AT tendinopathy participated in a laboratory assessment during which longitudinal
ultrasound images of the AT and soleus muscle fiber insertions were recorded,
respectively. For each of these structures, a physiatrist and a physiotherapist each
recorded three images while participants remained standing. The absolute AT length
reflects the distance between the distal part of its insertion on the calcaneus and the
distal musculotendinous junction of the soleus. The relative AT length represents the
absolute AT length normalized against the length of the lower leg segment. The soleus
muscle insertion angle reflects the mean angle formed between the longitudinal axis of
the AT and the axis formed by three visually identifiable soleus muscle striations on
each image. Images were analysed using a MatLab program. Student t-tests were
performed.
RESULTS: Similar absolute (7.4±1.3cm vs 7.0±1.6cm; p=0.48) and relative (15.9±3.1% vs
16.0±3.4%; p=0.47) AT length, and similar soleus muscle fibers insertion angles onto
the AT (13.3±2.7° vs 13.3±3.4°; p=0.96), were measured between persons with
symptoms of AT tendinopathy and healthy controls, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: AT length and soleus muscle fiber insertion angles onto the AT do not
solely contribute to the pathomechanics of AT tendinopathy. Others factors, such as
passive extensibility of the AT or foot biomechanics, may need to be considered.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
EXPERIMENTAL MODEL FOR THE STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF PLATELET DERIVED
GROWTH FACTORS ON MUSCLES
Authors
1
1
1
2
2
1
A. Di Gianfrancesco , L. Grasso , E. Chierto , S. Geuna , S. Racca , E. Ciminelli , F.
1
1
Pigozzi , P. Borrione
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, ITALY, Department Of Clinical And Biological
Sciences, Turin, ITALY
Body
The use of platelet-rich plasma is actually applied in many clinical fields but there is still
a lack of data when considering the biological mechanism at the basis of platelet-rich
plasma activity during the muscle healing process.
The aim of the study was to analyze the early effects of platelet-rich plasma on a
standardized animal model and to verify whether its local administration can induce a
systemic effect on contralateral injured muscles.
Material and methods. The lesion was performed by scalpel on the right arm from the
elbow region to the wrist in order to access the flexor sublimis muscles. Platelet Rich
plasma was administered immediately after lesion.
Treated, untreated and
contralateral muscles were paraffin embedded and analyzed with light microscopy.
Morfoquantitative analysis were performed on sections stained with hematoxylin
eosin and analyzed with a digital camera DM4000B DFC320 and software for
processing images IM50 (Leica Microsystems, Wetzlar, Germany). The muscle analysis
was tested by Western Blot assay, Immunohistochemistry and confocal laser
microscopy.
Results. The results of the present study showed that platelet rich plasma treatment
magnified the physiological early inflammatory response following a muscle injury,
modifying the pattern of cellular recruitment. Moreover, the local treatment
generated a systemic effect.
Conclusion. It has been clearly demonstrated that local platelet rich plasma treatment
may exert, directly or, more plausibly, indirectly, a systemic effect when healing
processes are concerned, at least limited to the very first inflammatory phases.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
EFFECT OF CRYOTHERAPY ON BLOOD LACTATE CONCENTRATION, BLOOD PH AND
PERFORMANCE IN TWO SWIMMING RACES IN ONE SESSION
Authors
1
2
2
A. Khashaba , A. Abdelfattah , H. Hussein
Affiliations
1
2
Riyadh Colleges Of Dentistry And Pharmacy, Riyadh, SAUDI ARABIA, Faculty Of
Physical Education, Helwan University, Cairo, EGYPT
Body
AIM: to investigate the impact of swimming two events (200 meter IM event and 200
meters butterfly) in one session regarding the National swimming competition
schedule of Egypt on blood lactate concentration and pH. Also, the impact of Ice
massage after each event.
METHODS: 20 competitive swimmers (National level) aged 17 ±1.56, weight 75±2.3
and height 177.21) performed (experimental I) 200 meter Individual medley. Five
minutes following this maximal effort, an ice massage has performed to the swimmers
to their shoulder and legs (3 minutes, 2minutes and 1 minute soft massage and one
minute rest interval between each massage) then completed by another 200 meters
but butterfly after 30 minutes of the first race. The same ice massage has been
performed. Blood sample has been collected to measure both blood lactate
concentration and pH pre-race, immediately after and after 30 minutes of each race.
The same group performed the same races, (experimental II), but without ice massage
in between the two races after 3days.
RESULTS: revealed significant increase (P< 0.01) in blood lactate levels and decreased
pH immediately after exercise in both experimental (I and II), decreased significantly in
experimental I after 30minutes of the first race compared to the experimental II.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: It is concluded that ice massage may help recovery
from short maximal efforts or after perform one race followed by another race in one
swimming session within 30 minutes.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
EFFECT OF ZINC PASTE ELASTIC BANDAGE ON PAIN AND EDEMA OF ANKLE SPRAINS
Authors
1
1
1
1
C. Lyrtzis , K. Natsis , N. Anastasopoulos , T. Totlis
Affiliations
1
Department Of Anatomy, Medical School, A.u.th, Thessaloniki, GREECE
Body
Ankle sprains constitute common injuries. The aim of this study was to compare the
effect of zinc paste elastic bandage with the elastic bandage in the reduction of pain
and acute edema of ankle sprains.
Fifty-six athletes, 18 to 41 years old, with severe acute ankle sprain were randomized
in two groups. All were treated with the PRICE protocol. Group A athletes (23) used
zinc paste elastic bandage for the first 3 days for compression. The athletes of the
group B (23) used elastic bandage. Three athletes were lost to follow up. We compared
the pain with the VAScale and the edema of the ankle joint with the figure of eight
method and with a volumetric method at arrival, at the third and at the tenth
posttraumatic day between the two groups.
The two groups had no significant differences concerning their baseline values
(p>0,05). The ankle joint edema was decreased significantly in both groups at the third
day (p<0,01) and at the tenth day (p<0,001). The edema was more in the group B than
in group A at the third and tenth posttraumatic day (p<0,05). The pain level was
decreased more in group A patients the third posttraumatic day (p<0,05), but it was
not significant different between groups the tenth posttraumatic day (p>0,05).
Zinc paste elastic bandage had better effect on pain reduction of ankle joint sprains the
third posttraumatic day. Also acute ankle edema and pain was more in patients who
were not treated with zinc paste elastic bandage.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
SPORT RELATED MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES: OUR EXPERIENCE
Authors
1
1
1
1
E. Magaudda , C. Freno , J. Matyasova , F.S. De Ponte
Affiliations
1
Department Of Maxillofacial Surgery, University Of Messina, Messina, ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE: With increasing leisure time and the growing interest in sports, there has
been an increase in sports injuries, with a significant increase in traumas of the
maxillofacial skeleton.
The objective of this study is to establish a correlation between the major sports and
the incidence and location of injury to the maxillofacial honeycomb.
METHODS: To achieve proper knowledge in this subject, several studies on various
types of sporting activities both competitive and amateur level have been evaluated
and compared to data collected from our Department.
RESULTS: Although in terms of incidence the main cause of maxillofacial injuries are
related with car and motorcycle accidents (48.5%), followed by household accidents
(28.2%), work accidents (16.4%) and violent acts, was reported that 3-18% of all
maxillofacial fractures are caused by the practice of training and sports games.
CONCLUSIONS: Our experience, compared with data reported in literature, confirms,
in principle, the prevalence in Italy of football among the activities that cause major
facial trauma of the district.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
ROTATOR CUFF STATUS IN 3 GENERATIONS OF HIGH LEVEL VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
2
C. Miguel , R. Aido , J. Lourenço , J.C. Vasconcelos , S. Magalhaes , J. Costa , F.
3
3
Monteiro , R. Sales
Affiliations
1
Service Of Orthopaedics And Traumatology - Hospital De Santo António, Centro
2
Hospitalar Do Porto;, Porto, PORTUGAL, Service De Radiologie Institut Jules Bordet,
3
Brussels, BELGIUM, Service Of Phisical And Rehabilitation Medicine, Faro, PORTUGAL
Body
Objective: Estimate and compare the prevalence of rotator cuff pathology in elite
volleyball players of 3 different generations (active and ex-players) and correlate
clinical examination with the changes observed with ultrasonography and power
doppler (US + PD).
Designs and Methods: Forty Five volleyball players, with national team
representations, were selected to perform a clinical and an imaging evaluation.
The younger group with mean age of 17 years and 5 years average of volleyball
competition, the intermediate group with mean age of 24,25 years and 13,25 years
average volleyball competition and the group with former players with mean age of 49
years and 16,5 years average of volleyball competition.
Results: 45 athletes performed shoulders evaluation in both arms.
Rotator cuff tendinopathy was prevalent at the second and third generations.
Almost all the players present imaging changes at the dominant arm, even at the
younger generation.
All players with Jobe test painful had structural and vascular changes on US + PD.
The most present finding at the US was the presence of indirect signs of
posterior-superior impingement.
Conclusions: Our study confirms that shoulder lesion is a frequent finding in high level
volleyball athletes caused by overuse.
US + PD have good accuracy (with high sensibility) in confirming clinical diagnosis of
rotator cuff tendinopathy.
This study also suggests that US findings of posterior-superior shoulder impingement
don´t have direct clinical correlation.
The results show that the structural changes of the shoulder start even at the younger
ages.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
CHANGES IN LEVELS OF NEUROSPECIFIC AUTOANTIBODIES AND APOE POLYMORPHISM
IN BOXERS WITH REPEATED MILD TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURIES.
Authors
1
A. Muravskiy , S. Novikova, I. Dekhtiarov
Affiliations
1
National Medical Academy Of Postgraduate Education Named P.l. Shupik, Kyiv,
2
3
UKRAINE, Institute Of Genetic And Regenerative Medicine, Kyiv, UKRAINE, Ukrainian
Center Of Sport Medicine, Kyiv, UKRAINE
Body
The aim of the study was the interrelation of the level neurospecific autoantibodies
and apolipoprotein e4 in boxers to predict the effects of repeated mild traumatic
brain injury (TBI).
Materials and methods. We examined 40 amateur boxers high skill level from age 18
to 29 years, playing a boxing classes ranging between 7 to 14 years. During a sports
career boxers underwent TBI in the form knockdown and knockouts in number from 1
to 10. Boxers are divided into four groups (10 people in each) depending on the
presence of apolipoprotein e4, changes according to MRI of the brain and neurological
status. The control group consisted of 15 persons of appropriate age who had no
history of transferred brain injury. The study level neurospecific autoantibodies and
apolipoprotein e4 in serum boxers from repeated mild TBI.
Results. The largest increase in neurospecific autoantibodies were in a group of boxers
to the presence of apolipoprotein e4, changes to brain according MRI and neurologic
symptoms. The lowest level fluctuations neurospecific autoantibodies occurred in the
group of boxers to the absence of apolipoprotein e4, changes according to the MRI
and neurological symptoms. Using the methods of multicomponent assessment of
various autoantibodies can detect and analyze morphostructural changes occurring in
the subject long before clinical manifestation of disease.
Conclusions. Conduct genetic testing (apolipoprotein e4), determine the level of
neurospecific autoantibodies will enable to identify risk and prevent the development
of neurological complications after past TBI.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
ULTRASOUND (US)-GUIDED VISCOSUPPLEMENTATION (VS) OF THE HIP: EFFICACY IN
PATIENTS WITH FEMOROACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT (FAI)
Authors
1
1
1
2
2
3
D. Orlandi , G. Ferrero , E. Fabbro , F. Lacelli , N. Perrone , L.M. Sconfienza , G.
2
Serafini
Affiliations
1
2
Radiology Department, Genoa University, Genova, ITALY, Radiology Department,
3
Ospedale Santa Corona, Pietra Ligure, ITALY, Radiology Department, Policlinico San
Donato, San Donato Milanese, ITALY
Body
Purpose: US-guided hip viscosupplementation (VS) in symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA)
is a safe and effective treatment that can replace the continuous therapy with
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and delay the prosthesis implantation. The
purpose of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of US-guided VS in patients
with OA secondary to FAI.
Methods & Materials: Three hundred fifty two patients with hip pain and radiographic
findings of OA (grade II-IV of K-L) undewent to US-guided VS with 4 ml of high-weight
hyaluronic acid (Hyalubrix) each 30 days for 3 months .Each patient was evaluated at
baseline, at 1,3,6 and 12 months using VAS and Oxford scores. Patients were stratified
according effects of treatment: a group in which the treatment provided a relevant
improvement (Oxford score increase > 10 pt and/or VAS reduction > 3) and a group
with a poor results (Oxford score increase < 10 pt and/or VAS reduction < 3). Then,
radiographs findings of each patients were searched for signs of FAI (acetabular
retroversion, roundness of the femoral head, ossification of the acetabular labrum).
Chi square statistics were used.
Results: A good symptoms improvement was found in 281/352 (79.8%) patients, while
71/352 (20.2%) experienced poor results. Radiographic signs of FAI were
retrospectively identified in 37/281(11.4%) patients who experienced good symptoms
improvement and in 43/71 (60.5%) who experienced poor results (P<.001).
Conclusion: Although VS is an effective treatment for OA symptoms, the retrospective
assessment of the radiological data showed a significant increase of FAI prevalence in
patients who experience poor therapeutic response.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
RENAL INJIURIES IN ATHLETES
Authors
1
1
1
1
A. Parrella , M.L. Iocca , E.R. Faloni , S. Giannini
Affiliations
1
Casa Di Cura Villa Stuart, Rome, ITALY
Body
AIM OF THE STUDY
We studied several athletes with dorso lumbar pain using
ultrasound investigation and MRI scanner with a 1.5-T superconducting magnet.
When the MRI doesn't detect musculoskeletal alterations, ultrasonographyy allows the
investigation of abdominal organs.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We've used ultrasound by high multifrequencial
convex probe 3.5 MHz . The ultrasound exam has accidentally shown nephrolithiasis in
athlets with a high-protein diet. The tecnique allows to study the kidney parenchimal
tissue, the ureters proximal and distal part and bladder possible alterations.
RESULTS
In some cases dorso lumbar pain without musculoskeletal alterations was due to a
renal colic. We’ve completed our examination by URO TC for the morphological and
functional study of the urinary apparatus.
CONCLUSIONS
In high level professional athletes the cause of dorsolumbar pain in absence of
musculoskeletal alterations could be due to nephrolithiasis. It's possible that
high-protein diet in athletes and nephrolithiasis are correlated.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
CHRONIC GROIN SYNDROME AND SPORT HERNIA IN YOUNG ATHLETES
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
A. Parrella , E.R. Faloni , M.L. Iocca , E.P. Assako Ondo , S. Giannini
Affiliations
1
Casa Di Cura Villa Stuart, Rome, ITALY
Body
AIM OF THE STUDY
Aim of the study is to evaluate the reason for groin pain in young athletes.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We performed X-Ray hip, ultrasound by using high multifrequencial sectorial probe
17 .5 - 15 MHz and MRI 1,5 T superconducting magnet to study anatomical structure
of the groin region.
The diagnosis of chronic groin pain needs a patho-anatomical approach and knowledge
of the groin region. Abdominal and pelvic muscles and the pubic synphysisis should be
studied in case of pelvic injuries.
RESULTS
We refer about our experience with athletes with groin pain. The groin region is used
to localize the pathology to a specific area and it allows the differential diagnosis
between pubic bone stress injury, adductor pathology, femoral-acetabular one,
ileopsoas muscle pathology and intra-abdominal one.
CONCLUSIONS
This study suggests a new way of proceeding to find the causes of chronic groin pains
through history of the patient, specific diagnostic procedures and directed
investigations (US, XRAY and MR).
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
COMBINED IPSILATERAL TALAR AND CALCANEAL FRACTURE IN AN ATHLETE
Authors
1
1
1
1
2
1
B. Patczai , T. Mintál , Á. Horváth , I. Naumov , A. Sebestyén , L. Vámhidy
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Pécs, Dept. Of Trauma And Hand Surgery, Pécs, HUNGARY, National
Health Insurance Fund Administration, Pécs, HUNGARY
Body
Our purpose is to demonstrate a rare entity, the combined ipsilateral talar and
calcaneal fractures in an athlete, when the need to return to play quickly is high
priority.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Motocross racer suffered foot injury during practice. Clinical and radiological tests
identified combined ipsilateral talar and calcaneal fractures. Closed reduction and
internal srcew fixation was performed. Our main objective was to shorten recovery
and get the athlete back to the racetracks as quickly as possible. Initially, the patient's
foot and ankle were kept in a well-padded posterior splint that maintains the foot in a
neutral position during the first 6 days. After 10 days the ankle joint was stressed
through range-of-motion exercises, as soft tissues allowed. Six weeks after surgery
complex physiotherapy was supplemented with subaquatic exercise along with
progressive increase of weight bearing loads. Normal body weight load was restricted.
CT and radiography were taken following surgery and after 6, 12 and 26 weeks.
AOFAS-Hindfoot Score was used for evaluation.
RESULTS:
12 weeks after surgery range of movements and physical load were fully recovered.
Patient started reduced training and continued carrying out proprioceptive exercises.
Total physical activity was back 4 months after surgery. Regularly evaluated functional
tests illustrate stages of treatment and recovery.
CONCLUSION:
In these cases conventional postoperative treatment recommendations propose at
least 12 weeks of total load restriction. In this special situation, we had to revise these
guidelines under tight control. Final results were satisfactory for both the patient and
the medical team.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
PREVALENCE OF OCULAR INJURIES IN BOXERS
Authors
1,2
2
1
2
2
2
F. Quaranta , E. Cantera , E. Ciminelli , S. Conflitti , S. Armentano , F. Sperandii , P.
1,2
1,2
Borrione , F. Pigozzi
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, ITALY, Sport Medicine Institute Of Rome Villa
Stuart Sport Clinic, Rome, ITALY
Body
Objective: To observe the prevalence of ocular injuries in a large population of boxers
over a period of 5 years and to assess if there is a correlation with age, weight,
professional and amateur practice.
Design and Methods: 694 athletes (average age 24 ± 6) were recruited. All of them
underwent ophthalmologic evaluation during the pre participation screening.
Results: A quite relevant prevalence of peripheral retinal degeneration (7%) and a
prevalence of 4% of blepharitis, corneal disease, conjunctival diseases, and pinguecola
was observed. We didn’t find statistically significant correlation among the presence
of pathologies vs age, weight, professional and amateur boxing but we observed an
increased occurrence of retinal degeneration in older amateurs.
Conclusions: We cannot establish a direct correlation between boxing and ocular
injuries, but we must underline the necessity of a thorough examination of the fundus
oculi, including the peripheral retina and the posterior pole in order to exclude
boxing-related worsening of peripheral retinal degenerations, causing retinal
detachment.
References:
-Bianco M et al Ocular complications of boxing. Br J Sports Med 2005
-Vadalà G et al Boxing and the eyes: morphological aspects of the ocular system in
boxers. Eur J Ophthalmol 1997
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
BEACH VOLLEY HYDRATION ANALYSIS DURING A TOURNAMENT
Authors
1
2
1
1
1
1
A. Scardigno , A. Gianfelici , M. Bianco , V. Palmieri , M. Gentile , C. Di Mambro , S.
3
3
2
1
Cameli , G. Ranocchi , M. Faina , P. Zeppilli
Affiliations
1
2
Sports Medicine Unit - Catholic University, Rome, ITALY, Medicine And Science
3
Sports Institute A. Venerando - Italian Olympic Committee, Rome, ITALY, Italian
Volleyball Federation, Rome, ITALY
Body
AIM.Beach-Volleyball is an outdoor sport, strictly related to weather conditions
(temperature, humidity, sun) with possible occurrence of dehydration. Aim of the
study is to assess the entity of dehydration.
METHODS.Anthropometrical characteristics were collected from 25 Beach-Volleyball
players (11 males), who voluntarily participated to the study. Bioelectrical impedance
analysis was carried out in the morning and after the last match of the day. Fluid intake
during competition (ad libitum), number of sets played, ranking position and
occurrence of clinical signs of dehydration were recorded.
RESULTS.Athletes ranked from 1st to 29th (Italian ranking). Mean±SD of age, height,
weight were 28.4±4.7ys, 191.9±0.1 cm and 87.0±8.6 kg respectively for males, and
31±4.4ys, 172.4±0.1 cm and 66.0±5.6 kg for females. Fluid intake ranged from 2 to 8 lt.
Body weight decreased of -0.45±0.49 kg in males and -0.21±0.70 kg in females (not
statistically significant). Significant (p<0.05) correlation was found between: fluid
intake vs number of sets played (r=0.566), body weight change minus fluid intake (raw
marker of dehydration) vs number of played sets (r=-0.51), fat mass vs ranking position
(r=0.55) and fat free mass vs ranking position (r=-0.55). One female athlete, initially
complaining of cramps, had a heat stroke after having played 7 sets with body weight
decreasing of 0.7 kg (1.3%) and total body water of 1 lt (2.8%).
CONCLUSION.Our study shows the importance of rehydration during a
Beach-Volleyball tournament. The less rehydrated athletes were those who played the
lower number of sets. Moreover, athletes with higher free fat mass had higher ranking
position.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN YOUNG FOOTBALL PLAYERS: SCREENING
POPULATION IN MATERA.
Authors
1
C. Sinno
Affiliations
1
Associazione Medico Sportiva Dilettantistica Matera, Matera, ITALY
Body
Introduction. The study was conducted on a population of 216 young football players
(age years from 6 to 13); aim of the study was to understand prevalence of
cardiovascular risk factors, and to envolve teachers and parents in prevention.
Collected Data:
⋅
Anthropometric and physiological parameters
⋅
Cardiovascular risk factors
⋅
Sport activity related habits
⋅
Physiological changes to maximal exercise
Materials and Methods. Parents were previous informed on aim, protocol, background
of the study. Data on weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI) were detected. Basic
Cardiac Frequency and Blood Pressure were checked. Total cholesterol and glycaemia
fasting value were tasted on blood sample. Cardiovascular response was tested using
Ruffier test.
Results. Our data show:
⋅
20.83% resulted overweight
⋅
prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among relatives was elevated
⋅
1.8% showed elevated cholesterol values
⋅
5.5% had blood pressure values elevated over age related 95° percentile
⋅
few time spent for sport activities
⋅
1 out of 2 had poor skill in physiological changes to maximal exercise
Conclusions. Teachers and parents have a big role in obesity and poor physical activity
in young age population. They must take care of young habits on physical activity in
general and training. Is mandatory for all to fight young habits before health will be
serious and definitely damaged.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
STABILOMETRY IN ATHLETES WITH MULTIPLE ANKLE SPRAINS: A PROSPECTIVE
BLINDED CONTROL TRIAL
Authors
1
1
2
3
4
1
G. Soldatos , G. Kiritsis , O. Kiritsi , K. Tsitas , A. Karamouzis , Z. Dadontzidi , K.
5
Skountzos
Affiliations
1
2
Hellenic Airforce 251 General Hospital, Athens, GREECE, Consultant Radiologist,
3
4
Thessaloniki, GREECE, General Hospital Kozani, Kozani, GREECE, Physiotherapist,
5
Athens, GREECE, Atei, Patras, GREECE
Body
Objective
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the stability of athletes with multiple
ankle sprains and healthy athletes with the means of stabilomentry.
Design and Method
Thirty-two amateur male athletes (mean age of 28.3 years SD = 4.7 years) were
enrolled in the trail; 16 with history of multiple ankle sprains (study group) and 16
healthy individuals (control group). We evaluated athletes balance with the means of
an Electronic podometer (Modular Electronic Baropodometer), using Single leg Balance
test with open and closed eyes as well as Jump Landing Test. The investigator was
blinded to the athlete's previous ankle injury status.
Results:
Single leg Balance test with open eyes: The study group differed significantly in
postural sway in the sagittal and mediolateral plane (p=0.015). Significant difference
was also depicted when the area of the footprint was compared (p = 0,012). Single leg
Balance test with closed eyes: The study group differed significantly when time to
achieve balance was taken into consideration (p= 0.006). Significant difference was
also depicted when the area of the footprint was compared (p = 0.011). Postural sway
velocity in the sagittal and coronal plane was also different statistically between the 2
groups (p = 0.003), and p = 0.004 respectively). Single leg Jump Landing Test: The study
group differed significantly in postural sway velocity in the sagittal and coronal plane
(p=0.005 and p = 0.02 respectively).
Conclusions:
In conclusion, athletes with multiple ankle sprains showed decreased balance
performance compared to healthy athletes.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
INCIDENCE OF LONE ATRIAL FIBRILLATION IN MEN AND WOMEN AFTER LONG
PRACTICE OF THE BREATH HOLD AND/OR SCUBA DIVING
Authors
1
1
A. Stuto , G. Basile
Affiliations
1
Seal Whealth Team, Siracusa, ITALY
Body
Purpose: Some studies have shown that subjects who practice endurance sports are at
approximately five times higher risk of lone atrial fibrillation (LAF) than those who are
sedentary. The aim of present study was to determine if this increased risk concerns
also subjects practicing diving.
Methods: A group of 242 divers and a population-based sample of 244 sedentary
men and women recruited in 1997–1998, were contacted in 2007–08 and invited to
attend an outpatient clinic to identify suggestive symptoms of having experienced an
arrhythmia requiring medical attention. In those with suggestive symptoms of atrial
fibrillation (AF), medical records were reviewed. Finally, LAF was diagnosed on the
basis of the presence of AF in an electrocardiographic recording. An echocardiogram
was performed at inclusion and at the end of the study. The follow up lasted 10 +/- 0.7
years.
Results: Forty divers and forty two controls dropped out during follow up. In the
residual the annual incidence rate of LAF among divers and sedentary men was 0.33%
and 0.12%, respectively. In 75% of the divers were detected increased right atrial
diameters (RAD), and in 5% was detected also an increased left atrial inferosuperior diameter (LAISD). In this last group the LAF incidence was little higher (0.44%)
than in divers with isolated increase of the RAD.
.
Conclusion: subjects who practice diving are at approximately three times higher risk
of symptomatic LAF than those who are sedentary, and this risk increase to four
times more in divers with increased LAISD.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
OSTEOMETRIC STUDY OF THE CORACOCLAVICULAR REGION. CONTRIBUTION TO THE
ANATOMIC RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT
Authors
1
1
1,2
1
1
1
T. Totlis , K. Tsitas , O. Kiritsi , C. Lyrtzis , I. Terzidis , K. Natsis
Affiliations
1
Laboratory Of Anatomy, Medical School, Aristotle University Of Thessaloniki,
2
Thessaloniki, GREECE, James Paget University Hospitals, Gr Yarmouth, UNITED
KINGDOM
Body
Aim of the study: To record osteometric data around the coracoclavicular ligament
origin, both on the clavicle and scapula, which are useful for the anatomic
coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction.
Materials and Methods: One hundred forty (70 paired) dried clavicles and matching
scapulae (46-96 years old) were analyzed. Differences related to left/right side and sex
were examined using SPSS.
Results: The mean anteroposterior (AP) diameter of the clavicle at the conoid tubercle
was 1.73±0.27cm. The distance between the clavicle acromial edge and the most
medial point of the conoid tuberosity was 4.08±0.50cm. The distance between the
clavicle acromial edge and the most lateral point of the trapezoid line was
1.30±0.56cm. The height of the vertical part of the coracoid process was 1.42±0.16cm.
The AP width of the coracoid at the margin between its vertical and horizontal part
was 1.36±0.20cm. The transverse length at the base of the coracoid process was
2.56±0.25 cm. No significant differences were observed between left and right side.
Gender differences were significant (p<0.05) in all measurements except the distance
between the clavicle acromial edge and the most lateral point of the trapezoid line
(p=0.45).
Conclusions: Knowledge of the presented anatomic data could help the surgeon to
correctly create bone tunnels and apply the appropriate graft size during the anatomic
coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
RETURN TO SPORTS AFTER ARTHROSCOPIC SHOULDER STABILIZATION
Authors
1
1
1
1
M. Aloe , D.J. Albertengo , R.S. Beribe , J.L. Aparicio
Affiliations
1
Sanatorio Mapaci - Assist Sport, Rosario, ARGENTINA
Body
PURPOSE - Determine the return to sports of athletes after arthroscopic stabilization of
shoulder instability (first time and recurrent).
MATERIALS AND METHODS - Retrospective search of athletes with shoulder instability
that received arthroscopic stabilization from March 2008 to February 2011.
Fifteen patients were enrolled, 14 males (93%) and 1 female (7%).
Inclusion criteria: non-professional athletes, first-time dislocation or recurrent
shoulder instability, rehabilitation protocol completed, at least 12 months of
postoperative evolution.
Exclusion criteria: previous surgeries, bone defects that contraindicate the
arthroscopic stabilization, humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligaments.
Evaluation methods: anamnesis, Rowe Score and WOSI Index.
RESULTS - Mean follow-up: 27 months (range, 12 to 47 months).
86,7% (n=13) of the patients could return to sports: 66,7% being able to return to their
previous sport activity level (Rowe Score 79 and WOSI Index 73%), 13,3% changed of
sport but maintained the level (Rowe Score 95 and WOSI Index 85%) and 6,7% return
to their sport but in a lower pre-injury level (Rowe Score 45 and WOSI Index 56%).
13,3% (2 athletes) did not return to sports with a Rowe Score average of 72 (range 65
to 80) and WOSI Index average of 66% (range 45% to 87%).
We found 2 cases (13,3%) of recurrence after arthroscopic stabilization; one of them
returned to his sport but in a lower level, and the other one abandoned sports.
CONCLUSIONS - The return to sports was possible in the 86,7%.
We did not find a strong correlation between the tools used to measure patient
outcome postoperatively (Rowe Score and WOSI Index) and the return to their
previous sports activity level.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
HYDROTHERAPY IN CHEST-HIGH POOL FOR HORMONE THERAPY INDUCED
ARTHRALGIA IN BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS. A TELE-REHABILITATION PURPOSE.
Authors
1
2
3
4
M. Arroyo-morales , I. Cantarero-villanueva , A. Ariza-garcia , C. Fernández-lao , N.
5
6
7
Galiano-castillo , I. Zarcos-pedrinaci , C. Fernández-lao
Affiliations
1
2
3
4
5
Physical Therapy Department, University Of Granada, Granada, SPAIN, 1, 1, 1, 1,
6
7
Radiotherapy Oncology Service. Hospital Virgen De Las Nieves, Granada, SPAIN, 1
Body
Introduction - To establish the feasibility of studying the impact of hydrotherapy on
pressure pain threshold, cancer related fatigue and adiposity in breast cancer survivor
suffering hormone therapy associated arthralgia (HTAA).
Methods - Design: Single-blind, controlled pilot trial. Setting: Two major metropolitan
hospitals and a Sport & Spa Club in Granada, Spain. Subjets: Forty women aged 29-71
years with stage I to III breast cancer who reported HTAA admitted to a hydrotherapy
programme.
Intervention - Patients were allocated to either hydrotherapy treatment or usual care.
The 2-month hydrotherapy intervention consisted of 24 sessions 3 days per week. Each
session included 5 minutes of warm-up, 15-20 minutes of aerobic exercise, 15 minutes
of mobility exercise, and 20 minutes of recovery techniques.
Main measures - Pressure pain threshold at neck, shoulder, hand and leg were
evaluated as primary outcomes. Fatigue related cancer, as measured by the Piper
Fatigue Scale (PFS); adiposity as measured by body mass index and waist
circumference were secondary outcomes.
Results - Neither adverse events nor development of worsening of pain or
lymphedema were observed. Almost all the participants in the intervention group
(89%) adhered to the hydrotherapy program. Participants experienced significant
improvement in pressure pain threshold measured in neck, hand, shoulder and leg, as
measured by algometry pressure, and waist circumference; all P < .05. Fatigue related
cancer and body mass index did not experience significant improvement.
Discussion - Preliminary data suggest that hydrotherapy in chest-high pool may reduce
pain andadiposity in breast cancer survivors with HTAA. Finally, an application of
tele-rehabilitation based on the results of this study will be presented.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
A TELEREHABILITATION PURPOSE TO ASSESS PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENTS: THE HANDGRIP
STRENGTH TEST AS A MEASURE OF FUNCTION IN BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS
Authors
1
2
3
4
M. Arroyo-morales , C. Fernández-lao , N. Galiano-castillo , A. Ariza-garcia , R. Del
5
6
7
Moral-avila , L. Diaz-rodríguez , I. Cantarero-villanueva
Affiliations
1
2
3
4
5
Physical Therapy Department, University Of Granada, Granada, SPAIN, 1, 1, 1,
6
Oncology Radiotherapy Department. Hopital Virgen De Las Nieves, Granada, SPAIN,
7
Nursing Department, University Of Granada, Granada, SPAIN, 1
Body
Introduction - Whether the handgrip strength test (HGS) can be used as an indicator of
fatigue, pain and quality of life in breast cancer survivors (BCS) remains to be
elucidated. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship of HGS with pain,
fitness, fatigue and mood in BCS.
Methods - The present cross-sectional study comprised ninety-five breast cancer
survivors. HGS, heart rate variability (HRV), pressure pain threshold (PPT) of neck,
shoulder, hand and tibia of affected side and fitness level (6-min walk test,
neck-shoulder mobility, vertical jump, sit-to-stand test, trunk curl test) was measured.
Participants completed the Fatigue Piper Scale (FPS) and profile of mood state (POMS)
questionnaires and the neck-shoulder visual analogue scale. Correlation and multiple
lineal regression analysis were conducted to examine the relationship of HGS with
pain, fitness, fatigue and mood.
Results - We observed a fair relationship of HGS with shoulder pain and a
moderate-to-fair relationship with fitness (all-P<0.01). The relationship between HGS
and HRV (high-frequency domain) was weak (P=0.049). Likewise, the relationship
between HGS and POMS subscales ranged between weak-to-fair (all-P<0.001). HGS
showed a weak relationship with FPS (all-P<0.01). Passive shoulder flexion, fatigue and
vertical jump were independent and significant predictors of HGS (P<0.01, R2=0.466).
Discussion - These results suggest that the HGS test is an important correlate of health
in BCS. These findings may help to better understand the usefulness of HGS as a
measure of function to consider when planning the assessment, treatment and
monitoring of BCS. Finally, an application of tele-rehabilitation based on This study will
be presented.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
A FOLLOW-UP ON BLOOD PRESSURE IN RELATION TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND TO
RESPONSES TO EXERCISE
Authors
1
D. Attina' , G. Catalano, S. Piromalli, D. Roberto, F. Gervasio, S. Neri
Affiliations
1
Uo Sports Medecine Asp, Reggio Calabria, ITALY
Body
To evaluate the effects of sports upon the blood pressure levels related to blood
pressure responses to exercise (BPR), 212 normotensive (N) adolescents (162 males)
between 14 and 17 years of age were checked (follow-up 6.3±1.4 years).
Those adolescents who showed systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, in
accordance to Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High
Blood pressure in Children and Adolescents were considered normotensive.
Exaggerated blood pressure response during exercise (EBPR ) was reported when the
levels of SBP and/or DBP during maximal bicycle ergometer exercise testing (ET))
were superior to 95th percentile, relative to the year group and gender , as published
in a personal contribution
Out of the 116 adolescents who practiced sport (S), 82 showed normal levels (S-NBPR)
and 34 showed too high levels (S-EBPR) in response to ET.
Out of the 96 adolescents who had not practiced any sports (NS), 77 showed normal
levels (NS-NBPR ) and 19 showed exaggerated levels (NS-EBPR ).
At the end of the follow-up, 4 adolescents (21%) were not normotensive , 3
hypertensive (H) and 1 pre-hypertensive
(PH) amongst NS-EBPR; 13 (17%)
were PH amongst NS-NBPR ;
4 (12%) were not normotensive, 1 H, 3 PH amongst
S-EBPR; 8 (10%) were PH amongst S-NBPR.
Even amongst the adolescents, the enable to identify a high-risk group of people for
whom regular sports activity can help both to reduce the levels of physiological blood
pressure increasing with age and prevent the development of hypertension.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PREVENTION-TREATMENT
OF
METABOLIC
SYNDROME
BASED
ON
CARDIO-PULMONARY EXERCISE TEST
Authors
1
1
1,2
1
1
3
1
E. Beretta , E. Passoni , A. Lania , S. Adamo , G. Grasso , D. Noe' , G. Miserocchi
Affiliations
1
University Of Milano-bicocca - Department Of Experimental Medicine, Monza, ITALY,
2
3
Uo Riabilitazione - Ospedale Civle Di Legnano, Legnano, ITALY, Uo Dietologia E
Nutrizione Clinica - Ospedale San Carlo Borromeo, Milano, ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE
The metabolic syndrome is characterized by visceral obesity, dyslipidaemia, impaired
glucose metabolism and hypertension, causing a 2-3 times increased risk to develop
cardiovascular disease or diabetes, and affecting about 20% of population. We aim at
evaluating the positive effects of personalized physical training based on metabolic
parameters derived from a cardio-pulmonary exercise test.
DESIGN AND METHOD
10 patients with metabolic syndrome were analysed. A cycle ergometer was used to
perform an incremental working test until reaching anaerobic threshold. After 1 hour
of rest, every subject performed a 6 minutes constant-load exercise at workload
corresponding to 90% of that measured at ventilatory threshold, allowing the analysis
of the VO2 kinetics of adaptation to derive the time constant τ.
We propose the ventilatory anaerobic threshold for prescription of personalized of
aerobic exercise program (40 minutes session, 3 times a week, work intensity
corresponding to 90% of anaerobic threshold). After 8 months each subject underwent
the same functional evaluation performed at time 0.
RESULTS
After 8 months of training, peak power output increased (118 ±11 to 136±10 Watt), as
well as the anaerobic ventilatory threshold and the corresponding heart rate (110±5 to
120±4); τ decreased significantly from 50.6±3.2 to 43.2±3.1 seconds. Finally, a decrease
in perceived exertion (Borg scale) was found.
CONCLUSIONS
These results suggest that a correct training program based on a specific functional
evaluation in patients with metabolic syndrome improve the efficiency of the exercise
as well as the velocity of metabolic adaptation to increased energy expenditure.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF THE PROJECT: “TRANSPLANTATION AND SPORT”
Authors
1
1
1
1
E. Brugin , V. Pescatore , D. Noventa , F. Giada
Affiliations
1
Sports Medicine Unit, Cardiovascular Department, Pf Calvi Hospital, Noale (venice),
ITALY
Body
BACKGROUND: Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR) show a long-term high risk of
cardiovascular (CV) events due to the effects of underlying disease causing
transplantation, anti-rejection drugs and sedentary lifestyle. Regular physical exercise
(PE) can reduce CV risk and improve survival and quality of life. The aim of the study is
to confirm that supervised PE helps to improve general condition in SOTR and to
evaluate an organizational model to permit out of hospital safe training.
METHODS: Sedentary adult SOTR are referred to Sport Medicine Units where are
submitted to: maximal cardiopulmonary exercise and muscles strength tests, body
composition analysis, quality of life questionnaire. A personalized prescription, aerobic
exercise and strength training at least 3 times a week, is planned for each patient. A
re-evaluation is performed after 6 and 12 months of supervised training in certified
fitness facilities. RESULTS:14 of 43 SOTR selected by transplant centers have been
excluded after evaluation tests (8 for CV, 3 for metabolic and 3 for orthopedic causes);
29 were enrolled for supervised training program. Basal evaluation showed: 6 liver, 23
kidney SOTR; age 48±10yrs; 2.5±1.4yrs from transplantation; fat mass 21±9%; maximal
workload on exercise test 98±34 W, VO2 peak 22.4±7.2 ml/kg/min. After a mean
follow-up period of 5 months there were no significant adverse events related to
exercise and patient compliance is 93%. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary artery disease is
prevalent in this population and maximal exercise test should be mandatory for all
SOTR; supervised PE training appear to be an useful, safe and well-accepted
intervention.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
CARDIOVASCULAR EFFECTS OF RESISTANCE TRAINING IN THE ERDERLY
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
E. Ciminelli , S. Crudo , R. Beltran Valls , F. Quaranta , E. Guerra , E. Tranchita , F.
1
1
1
Fagnani , A. Parisi , D. Caporossi
Affiliations
1
Department Of Health Sciences-university Of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, ITALY
Body
Objective: Recent recommendations for exercise training in adults include resistance
training components. This trial evaluated the effects of low frequency short duration
moderate resistance training on cardiovascular fitness in untrained elderly.
Design and Methods: 20 older adults (72±4 years) were randomly allocated to
experimental (N=10) and to control group (N=10). The study group exercised 2 times
per week for 3 months (resistance training with incremental load up to 70% of 1
repetition maximum). Pre and post training maximal stress test was performed to
evaluate cardiovascular parameters.
Results: The training protocol resulted in a reduction by 7 mmHg (p=0,01) of resting
systolic blood pressure and by 6,5 mmHg (p=0,04) of maximal diastolic blood pressure,
an increase of 15% in both maximal exercise time and maximal work load (p=0,01).
METs increased of 12% (p=0,02). At 1 minute after maximal test, heart rate recovery
increased of 26% (p=0,02). No significant changes occurred in the control group.
Conclusions: Moderate resistance training improved cardiovascular fitness and
exercise capacity and reduced some cardiovascular risk factors.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
SHORT TERM EFFECT OF AN AEROBIC EXERCISE PROGRAM IN A PATIENT WITH
NEUROACANTHOCYTOSIS SYNDROMES: A CASE REPORT.
Authors
1
C. Clemente Polán , J.G. Olcina Camacho
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Extremadura, Cáceres, SPAIN, University Of Extremadura, Cáceres,
SPAIN
Body
Introduction and objective - The term Neuroacanthocytosis describes a heterogeneous
group of molecularly-defined disorders which result in progressive neurodegeneration,
predominantly of the basal ganglia and erythrocyte acanthocytosis, their pathogenesis
is still unknown. The clinical presentation of neuroacanthocytosis syndromes typically
involves chorea and dystonia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the
ambulatory functionality and the importance of physical activity in a subject with
neuroacanthocytosis syndrome, and its relationship to static-dynamic balance and
postural control.
Material and methods - Prospective, longitudinal and descriptive study. A male patient
with neuroacanthocytosis syndrome and degree of disability 50 in functional scale
MYERS was studied. The following tests were performed: Timed Up and Go (TUG);
hand-grip strength; Berg Balance Scale (BBS); 10 Meter Agility Shuttle Test (MAST); and
exercise tolerance the 6-Minute Walk. Also Borg Perceived Exertion and Fatigue
Severity Scale (FSS) were used. The supervised intervention had duration of 6 weeks,
with a frequency of 2 days per week with training session of 45 minutes in treadmill.
Results - The results of this study suggest a significant improvement in 10MAST (1.250
seconds), TUG (1.800 seconds), exercise tolerance (56 meters in 6MWT), static
strength (near to 10 % in the upper extremity) and static-dynamic balance (BBS 42-48).
Conclusion - The results of this study suggest that an aerobic exercise program of 6
weeks have significant influence on improvement of static and dynamic balance, and
on increasing muscular strength in a patient with Neuroacanthocytosis. Not appear
have an important influence in exercise tolerance.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
EFFECTS OF A DOMICILIARY PHYSICAL EXERCISE PROGRAM ON FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY
IN ADULT WITH CYSTIC FIBROSIS. PRELIMINARY STUDY.
Authors
1
2
C. Clemente Polán , J.M. Lavado García
Affiliations
1
2
Extremadura University. Department Of Physiology., Cáceres, SPAIN, Extremadura
University. Department Of Physiotherapy And Nursing., Cáceres, SPAIN
Body
Introduction and objective - Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease
mainly characterised by the production and accumulation of viscous mucus, which
generally affects the respiratory system, resulting in a decrease in the lung function
reserve and effort capacity. To this effect, a supervised physical exercise (SPE)
programme was developed, with the aim of determining its effect on the different
effort parameters, cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition, in adult CF
patients.
Materials and methods - Twelve subjects took part: 8 men and 4 women (mean age:
23±6.28 years; FEV160.01%pred.). Information was recorded for the maximum oxygen
consumption (VO2max), peak expiratory flow (PEF), muscular strength and body
composition. The programme lasted 8 weeks, with an aerobic capacity volume of ± 60
min/week, building it up to ± 90 min/week and an intensity of 45-60% of the heart rate
reserve (HRR). As for the muscular strength training, this started at 10 min/week
increasing to the 30 min/week, combining dynamic, reactive and isometric methods.
Results - The preliminary information obtained showed a significant improvement in
the static strength, about 10% in the upper limbs and 20% in the strength resistance in
the lower limbs. A moderate increase was observed in the VO2max and the PEF. There
were no significant changes in the percentage fat mass.
Conclusion - The results obtained would suggest that a domiciliary SPE program might
improve the functional capacity by increasing muscular strength, lung function and
cardiorespiratory fitness in adult CF patients.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN PREVENTING HYPERTENSION-WHICH IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE
DOSE
Authors
1
1
1
1
E. Csajági , Z. Kneffel , Z. Major , G. Pavlik
Affiliations
1
Semmelweis University - Department Of Health Sciences And Spor Medicine,
Budapest, HUNGARY
Body
Physical acticity is an important factor in prevention of hypertension, principally in
genetically predisposed patients. Aim of study was to examine differences between
normotonic patients with postive and negativ family background for hypertension at
different levels of exercise. We searched for increased sympathetic activity in H+
patients.
We examined 1680 patients (612 with (H+), 1068 without (H-) hypertensive family
background) at 6 different levels of physical activity with physical examination, family
history and echocardiography. 2D-Doppler-TDI images were taken to determine the
lenghts of the heart cycles, and show exercise-adaptation.
There was no difference in blood pressure of the athletes of different level of physical
activity. Top H- athletes had lower systolic blood pressure and longer systole,
isovolumetric relaxation time and E-Acclereation time. In national 1st and 2nd class
atheletes there were no differences in the length of heart cycles. H+ leisure time
athletes had higher diastolic pressure, shorter left ventricle ejection time, and lower
E/A. Mild physical activity results in lower mean arterial pressure and longer diastole
when family background is negativ. When no physical activity is present, there were no
differences between the two groups.
Characteristics of the athlete's heart seems to be more prominent when the family
background is free of hypertension. Differences between the 2 groups at different
levels of physical activity show the importance of the genetic background in
developing hypertension, and the usefullness of physical activity in maintaining
optimal blood pressure and compensating the increased sympathetic activity with
increased parasympathetic activity as a result of longterm sport.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AS ADJUNCT TREATMENT FOR PEOPLE WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
D. Curcic , N. Radivojevic , N. Dikic , M. Vukasinovic-vesic , M. Andjelkovic
Affiliations
1
Sports Medicine Association Of Serbia, Belgrade, SERBIA
Body
Introductions - The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of 3 months of
prescribed physical exercise on mental states, quality of life and side effects of drugs
on individuals with schizophrenia.
Methods - Pilot study involved 10 patients. For one group (5 patients) we made
individual, three months program, of physical activity (4 times per week). Target heart
rates (HR) were controlled by Polar F4 monitors (65-75% of maxHR). We had control
group (5 not exercised patients). There were no personal differences between groups.
Functional ability (VO2max) has been obtained by ergospirometric test on a treadmill.
Mental state data were collected by using Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale
(PANSS) and World Health Organization Quality of life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF). Side
effects of drugs were measured by Clinical Global Impession Scale (CGI).
Results - Patients in exercise group showed significantly increases of VO2max
(p=0,005), and significantly higher level of VO2 max compared to the control group
(p=0,029). The results showed significant difference between two groups in scores on
PANSS (p=0,048) and WHOQOL-BREF Scale (p=0,036). CGI score was significantly
higher in exercise group (p=0,038), which means that index of treatment efficacy was
better in subjects who exercised.
Discussion - Prescribed physical exercise improves aerobic capacity. It’s effective
adjunct treatment for patients with schizophrenia (effective for decreasing psychiatric
symptoms and side effects of drugs, and for increasing quality of life in people with
schizophrenia). These are just a preliminary results, and total number of patients will
be much bigger at the end of study.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INTENSITY AND
FIBRINOGEN BLOOD LEVEL IN
POST-MENOPAUSAL WOMEN.
Authors
1
2
2
2
2
E. D'angelo , A. Di Blasio , F. Di Donato , P. Izzicupo , G. Napolitano , A. Di
2
1
Baldassarre , S. Gallina
Affiliations
1
Department Of Neuroscience And Imaging Of G. D Annunzio University, Chieti, ITALY,
2
Department Of Medicine And Sciences Of Aging G. D Annunzio University, Chieti,
ITALY
Body
Objective - Several studies support, during menopause, an impact of endogenous sex
hormone levels on thrombotic potential parameters. Fibrinogen plays several key roles
in the maintenance of hemostasis and its levels seem to be a marker or mediator of
CVD. The aim of our study was to assess the role of intensity of physical activity on
fibrinogen levels in post-menopause women.
Design and Methods - Forty-five post-menopausal (57.88±5.15) non-obese healthy
women without history of physical exercise and pharmacological treatment were
recruited. Expert researchers assessed anthropometry, blood samples and weekly
physical activity of participants. After 12 hour overnight fasting body composition were
assessed by Electrical Bioimpedance (BIA) Tanita BC-418. Fibrinogen concentration
(mg/dl) in plasma was measured with Human Fibrinogen ELISA quantification kit.
Physical activity characteristics and mean intensity of daily physical activities (METs)
assessed by SenseWear Pro 3 Armband.
Results - Cluster analysis on basal values of Fibrinogen showed the presence of two
sub-groups: Group+ (n=18) and Group- (n=27). Group- (339.48±29 mg/dl) showed
higher Fibrinogen values respect to Group+ (263.33±26 mg/dl). Student’s t-Test
evidentiated that sub-groups were significantly different in (METs) (p=0.05), Waist
Circumference (WC) (p=0.003), Waist to Hip ratio (W/H) (p=0.027) and Body Mass
Index (BMI) (p=0.05) Logistic regression, showed that METs was the only significant
predictor of sub-group membership (p=0.013)
Conclusion - In post-menopause, METs has a relationship with Fibrinogen plasma
level. Beneficial effects of physical exercise on the prognosis are undoubtedly
attributable to several factors even if spontaneous physical activity could be the first
step to oppose high fibrinogen plasma level after menopause.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
COMBINED EXERCISE THERAPY AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTATION TO
FACIOSCAPULOHUMERAL DYSTROPHY: A CASE STUDY
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
S. Pasotti , B. Magnani , G. Giovanetti , P. Gandolfi , M. Longa , M. Macchi , F.
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
Chiofalo , A. Moda , C. Quaglieri , L. Castelli , R. Tupler , A. Rossi , G. D'antona
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Pavia, Lusammr Voghera, Voghera, ITALY, University Of Modena And
Reggio Emilia, Modena, ITALY
Body
Here we present the effect of 12wk of combined endurance (EST) and resistance (RST)
and NS program in a single case study of male young (28y) facioscapulohumeral
dystrophy (FSHD) patient scored 0 according to recently standardized FSHD clinical
score (Lamberti 2010, Muscle and Nerve 42:213-217). Clinically the patient suffered
from weakness and atrophy predominantly of the right scapular girdle. Initially, the
oxygen consumption per unit time (VO2) and the VO2max were calculated by indirect
calorimetry and Bruce treadmill test. 1 RM of muscular districts was calculated by
force-velocity curves obtained during unilateral arm curl, arm abduction, leg extension
and bilateral triceps extension. To adjust NS to fat free mass (FFM), body composition
was analyzed by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Moderate EST was set up to
75% VO2max (treadmill, 1% inclination, 3 times/wk from 15 to 45 min) and up to 55%
of 1RM for the muscular district considered (3 series, 8 repetitions). RST was set up to
75% of 1RM for each muscular district (2 times/wk, 3 series of 10 repetitions). NS
included a balanced essential amino acids mixture (daily 0.1 gr/kg FFM), conjugated
linoleic acid (CLA, 2.4gr) combined with creatine monohydrate (0.1 gr/kg FFM) the day
of RST. As the combined protocol is ongoing it will be shortly evaluated by the analysis
of VO2 and muscle workload. Creatine kinase and indexes of liver and kidney
functionality will be measured. The study will give indications on safety and efficacy of
ST and NS in a case of initial FSHD.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
EFFECTS OF A 16 WEEKS TRAINING PROGRAM IN PATIENTS WITH COPD: PRELIMINARY
DATA
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
A. Delussu , C. Pisicchio , S. Lubich , C. Pizzoli , F. Di Meo , M. Traballesi
Affiliations
1
Fondazione Santa Lucia I.r.c.c.s., Roma, ITALY
Body
BACKGROUND - There are no univocal indications about training program to be
prescribed to COPD patients. The effects of training programs in COPD patients remain
to be investigated.
OBJECTIVE - To evaluate the effects of a training program 16 weeks lasting
(endurance+strength) on cardiovascular (basal and under effort heart rate, systolic and
diastolic arterial pressures) and respiratory parameters (FVC%, FEV1%, FEV1/FVC%),
exercise capacity (V'O2 peak), muscle strength (quadriceps femori MVC) and functional
exercise capacity.
METHODS - COPD patients underwent 3 sessions per week for 16 weeks. As upper
intensity training limits were considered 40-50% heart rate reserve and 50% 1RM.
Before and after training program, patients underwent: clinical assessment, respiratory
functionality tests, maximal cardiopulmonary test. MVC and functional exercise
capacity (6 min walk test, repeated chair stands and timed up and go test) were
assessed.
RESULTS - Twelve patients (6M/6F; age 77±5 y; FEV1 58 ± 14% of predicted) completed
the training program. Apart maximal diastolic arterial pressure significant
improvement (89±10 vs 85±12 mmHg, p=0,03), the other cardiovascular and
respiratory parameters showed a trend toward improvement. Quadriceps femori MVC,
6 min walk test, repeated chair stands and timed up and go test significantly improved
(17±6 vs 21±5 kg, p < 0,001; 382±54 vs 424±45 m, p=0,02; 14±2 vs 10±2 s, p < 0,001;
8,6±1 vs 6,2±1 s, p < 0,001 respectively).
CONCLUSIONS - The significant improvement of only one among the cardiovascular
parameters, of muscle strength and functional exercise capacity suggest that the
training program had its main effect on muscle strength.
The research was supported by the Ministero della Salute, Project Code:
GR-2009-1596137.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF ACHILLES TENDON LENGTH AND SOLEUS FIBER
INSERTION ANGLE MEASURES OBTAINED BY QUANTITATIVE ULTRASOUND IMAGING
Authors
M.-. Nadeau, D. Gagnon, A. Desrochers, M. Lamontagne
Affiliations
1
Laboratoire De Pathokinésiologie, Institut De Réadaptation Gingras-lindsay De
2
Laboratoire De Pathokinésiologie, Institut De
Montréal, Montréal, CANADA,
3
Réadaptation Gingras-lindsay De Montréal, Montréal, CANADA, Laboratoire De
Pathokinésiologie, Institut De Réadaptation Gingras-lindsay De Montréal, Montréal,
4
CANADA, Laboratoire De Pathokinésiologie, Institut De Réadaptation Gingras-lindsay
De Montréal, Montréal, CANADA
Body
AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine reliability and minimal detectable changes (MDC) of
Achilles tendon (AT) length and soleus fiber insertion angle obtained by quantitative
musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging.
MATERIALS & METHODS: A physiatrist and a physiotherapist captured ultrasound
images of AT length and soleus fiber insertions among persons with clinical symptoms
of Achilles tendinopathy (N=14) and healthy controls (N=14). Each examiner
captured three images of overall AT length using reference marker placement and of
soleus fiber insertion into the AT. The AT length reflects the distance between the
distal part of its insertion on the calcaneus and the distal musculotendinous junction of
the soleus. The soleus muscle insertion angle reflects the mean angle formed between
the longitudinal axis of the AT and the axis formed by three identifiable soleus muscle
striations. The generalizability theory was applied to compute reliability using the
coefficient of dependability for a random study design protocol.
RESULTS: The AT length was 7.5±1.4cm (range:3.9-10.6cm) whereas the soleus fiber
insertion angle was 13.7°±4.9° (range:3.1-34.3°). Averaging the measures obtained
from three images taken by a single evaluator yielded reliability coefficients of 0.96
and 0.72 and relative MDCs of 8.6% and 51.0% for AT length and soleus fiber insertion
angle, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Reliable and precise AT length measures are obtained using
quantitative ultrasound imaging. Measures of the soleus fiber insertion angles, that
demonstrate poor reliability and precision, may be improved if images were recorded
under different conditions. Hence, using AT length as a measure in research protocol is
indicated.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
HEART RATE RECOVERY AS A MEASURE OF IMPROVEMENT IN EXERCISE TOLERANCE IN
HEART PATIENTS UNDERGOING AEROBIC TRAINING
Authors
1
1
2
2
2
2
D. Fugazzotto , R. Herberg , F. Speciale , D. Di Mauro , M. Righi , L. Magaudda
Affiliations
1
2
Cardiovascular Rehabilitation - Institute Of Clinical Medicine, Cot, Messina, ITALY,
Department Of Biomorphology And Biotechnology. Postgraduate School Of Sports
Medicine. University Of Messina, Messina, ITALY
Body
Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the heart rate recovery as a parameter
to evaluate the improvement of exercise tolerance in heart patients undergoing
aerobic exercise, comparing it with the VO 2 peak and ventilatory anaerobic threshold.
Methods: We evaluated 20 patients (mean age 60 + -8) suffering from different heart
diseases (heart failure, coronary artery disease, which is revascularized whether
surgically or by angioplasty) by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) before aerobic
training. We evaluated the VO2 peak, ventilatory anaerobic threshold and heart rate
recovery to first minute of recovery tests (such as 12 beats or less cut off for
pathology). The above patients were then subjected to 12 weeks of aerobic exercise
on the basis of the initial test cardiopulmonary. After 12 weeks of training, patients
were reassessed using the same type of test (CPET), and the heart rate recovery was
calculated at 1 min after the end of the test through the 12-lead ECG.
Results: The results suggest that there is a clear correlation between the increase of
the ventilatory anaerobic threshold and VO2 peak, compared to heart rate recovery
(15% after training)
Conclusions: which shows an improvement of exercise tolerance in heart patients
undergoing aerobic training , secondary to an adaptation to physical exercise and thus
changes the response of the autonomic nervous system.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
ANTIOXIDATIVE CAPACITY IN HEALTHY MAN SUBJECTED TO SERIES OF WHOLE-BODY
CRYOSTIMULATIONS, POTENTIAL BENEFICIAL EFFECT.
Authors
1
2
A. Lubkowska , B. Dolegowska
Affiliations
1
Szczecin University, Department Of Physiology; Pomeranian Medical University,
2
Department Of Biochemistry, Szczecin, POLAND, Pomeranian Medical University,
Department Of Laboratory Diagnostics And Molecular Medicine, Szczecin, POLAND
Body
Whole body cryostimulation (WBC) is increasingly often used to enhance the
resistance of the human body, also thanks the beneficial effect on the antioxidant
system. Accordingly, this research aimed to evaluate the effect of a series of
whole-body cryostimulations on the level of non-enzymatic antioxidants and the
activity of antioxidant enzymes in healthy men. The study was carried out on 30 young
and healthy men aged 27.8 years with average body mass index and peak oxygen
consumption (46.34 ml kg-¹ min-¹). The participants were exposed twenty times to
cryogenic temperatures (-130C). Blood samples were obtained in the morning before
cryostimulation, again 30 min after exposure and the following day in the morning,
during the 1st, 10th and 20th session. Analysis concerned changes in plasma
concentrations of total protein, albumin, glucose, uric acid and ceruloplasmin, and the
most important components of the antioxidant system in red blood cells: superoxide
dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, reduced and
oxidized glutathione. To access the oxidative stress level the 8-isoprostane
concentration in plasma was measured. The obtained results indicate that cryogenic
temperatures in repeated daily treatments result in changes in the prooxidant and
antioxidant status. These changes seem to depend on the number of cryostimulations.
After 20 daily treatments there was an increase in SOD, SOD:CAT ratio, a decrease in
the concentration of reduced and oxidized glutathione and in the activity of GPx.
Differences in the activity of GSSG-R after 20 treatments depended on the body mass
index of participants.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
FOUNDATION OF A COMPUTER SOFTWARE FOR EXERCISE PRESCRIPTION IN
CHRONIC DISEASE TREATMENT
Authors
1
2
2
A. Safar Cherati , A. Mardany Chaharlang , M. Taghipour
Affiliations
1
2
Tehran University Of Medical Science Rasoul Akram Hospital, Tehran, IRAN, Shahid
Beheshti University Of Medical Science , Haftetir Hospital, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Background: although Exercise programs have been emphasized in promoting a
healthy lifestyle and treating chronic disease, lack of skills and knowledge of guidelines
are the main obstacles in appropriately exercise prescription.
As a reference, American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) issues Guidelines of
comprehensive exercise programs for healthy adults and chronic disease patients.
Professional exercise prescription software can help integrate all of Guidelines into a
simple plan that can be followed and adjusted as needed.
The main objective of this study was designing specific computer software for exercise
prescriptions based on ACSM Guidelines regarding to frequency, intensity, time and
type (FITT) in Parkinson, Multiple sclerosis, Epilepsy , Osteoporosis, Fibromyalgia ,
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome , Cancer , kidney Transplant , Obesity , Hyperlipidemia ,
Renal Failure , Diabetes , Asthma , COPD, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft , Angioplasty
and Myocardial Infarction to optimize specific kinds of exercise for most clinical
conditions.
Additionally computerized designing of exercise protocols for common
musculoskeletal injuries like Cervical strain , ACL injury, Lateral Epicondylitis,
Shoulder impingement , Piriformis syndrome and Low back pain have been structured.
Nine functional tables are considered for patient information, medical history,
laboratory test, screening and risk stratification based on Physical Activity Readiness
Questionnaire (PAR-Q), exercise test , exercise program, protocols, forms and history
.physicians can improve their skills and confidence of exercise prescription by using a
tailored exercise software .Future study should determine the impact of using this
program with enhancing favorable effects in chronic disease patients.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
SPORTING ACTIVITY AFTER MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (MI) AND PERCUTANEOUS
CORONAROPLASTYC (PCI). A CASE-REPORT.
Authors
1
C. Sinno
Affiliations
1
Associazione Medico Sportiva Dilettantistica Matera, Matera, ITALY
Body
We describe the case of a young man (47 yr), his sporting training program and next
competition (1/2 marathon ), after myocardial infarction and percutaneous coronary .
The training program was planned after clinical evaluation and absence of absolute
contraindication sport activity, was planned for strenght lenght frequency and
progression of muscular work. Strenght was measured by theoretical maximal heart
rate and during training by anaerobic threshold using Conconi test.
To increase safely sport activity were: linear increase of heart rate during muscular
work, monitoring heart rate (HR) , reported fatigue, adherence to clinical evaluation
skedule. Frequency of training was 5 times a week; in first 60 days planned for
fitwalking, training were twice a day, time of fitwalking were 20' to 60'; when ready for
running, time of training depended by different lenght of km.
DESCRITTION PHASE:
May 16 2004 MI, may 25 PCI; June 6 2004 fitwalking (initial speed 4,2 km/hr to 8,4
km/hr)
august 2004 progressive increase of muscular working: “very long distance” max 25 km
run speed 20% less anaerobic threshold; “long distance” max 18 km run speed 15%
less anaerobic threshold; “medium distance” max 10 km run speed 10% less anaerobic
threshold.
RESULTS: march 2005 competition 10 km, time 48’ 11”; october 2005: ½ marathon,
time 1 h 42’ 49”.
CONCLUSIONS: groups of selected patients affected by cardiac ischaemic disease are
not at higher risk during sport activity than groups of non selected people with same
age and same basal generic risk.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF SOME RISK FACTORS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF 270
CANCERS
Authors
1
A. Sterpini
Affiliations
1
Delegato Provinciale Fmsi, Brindisi, ITALY
Body
Introduction.
Were examined several scientific studies on physical activity which showed undoubted
benefits
on
most
human
disease
incidents.In
particular
on
overweight-obesity,hypeinsulinemia-insulinoresistance. type 2 diabetes and various
types of cancer,evaluating the action of physical activity.
These studies have demonstrated a convincing action in both primary and secondary
prevention.
Methods
The purpose of this study was to evaluate,in a population of 63.500 inhabitants,cases
of cancer collected in a database consisting of Patients seen by the Committee of
Invalidds of the District of Mesagne(ASL BR1).Took into account the work done,the
physical activity praticed and the risk factors.
Results
Of 994 Patient seen were 271 confirmed malignant neoplasms.Of these Breast cancer
Patients presented 66 cases with 37,87% obese,40,90 overwheight,16,66 type 2
diabetes and sedentary 84,84.
Colon cancer 25 cases with 20% obese,64% overwheight,8% type 2 diabetes and
sedentary 88%.
Prostate cancer 18 cases with 11,11% obese,77,78% overweight,16,66 type 2 diabetes
and sedentary 94,44%.The study has affected other malignant and various neoplasms
Conclusions
With appreciating the importance of genetic factors,individual predispositions and the
presence of oncogenes related to work performed,we belive that the physical activity
can intervene effectively in primary and in secondary prevention as Therapeutic
exesercise because our Ptients with cancer were sedentary.Finally we found the
importance of activation of vitamin D by ultraviolet B lights for those who practise out
doors physical activity(effect of Apoptosis and reduction of cells proliferation).
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PRELIMINARY REPORT ON A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SPORTS EFFECTS ON PLANTAR
VAULT DEVELOPMENT
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
A. Tiloca , G. Monteleone , G. Paci , R. Sorge , M. Marzella , M. De Iacovo
Affiliations
1
Department Of Preventive Medicine, Diagnostics And Integrated Therapy, Roma,
ITALY
Body
Objective
The plantar vault is flat at birth and develops spontaneously during the first decade of
life. Sport practice at school age can play an important role for the proper or abnormal
foot growth.The aim of this investigation is to correlate the vault shape evolution with
the practice of different sport activities during the school age. The first session of the
study observations will be shown thereafter.
Materials and methods.
450 primary/secondary school children aged 6 to 14 years, of both sexes, enrolled in
the province of Rome will be considered; any subject treated for vault correction has
not been included. Data about sport practice and anthropometric measurements are
collected in two different sessions; all subjects are evaluated by taking foot images in
specific photo projections. Using a polarized light plantoscope the vault shapes have
been discriminated and the footprint isthmus measured. Normal, cavus, flexible/rigid
flatfoot has been identified. Data will be analysed using Statistical Program for Social
Sciences version 13.0.
Results
Standard vaults were 77%, flatfoot 9%, cavus foot 14%. Dance or Artistic gymnastics
are associated to a higher percentage of cavus vault.
Conclusions
The first session of the study showed prevailings of plantar vault shapes similar to
those expressed in literature.
References
Abolarin TO et al: Relationship between selected anthropometric variables and
prevalence of flatfoot among urban and rural school children in south west Nigeria. Nig
Q J Hosp Med,21,135-40,2011
Muller S et al: Static and dynamic foot characteristics in children aged 1–13 years: A
cross-sectional study. Gait Posture, doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost..10.357,2011
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
EFFECT OF INTERVAL TRAINING VERSUS AEROBIC TRAINING ON FAT PERCENTAGE OF
OBESE ADULTS
Authors
1
2
3
4
L. Tiznado Peña , H. Martinez Meléndez , A. Pegueros Perez , G. Franco Sánchez
Affiliations
1
2
3
National Sports Comition, 1, MEXICO, National Sports Comition, 2, MEXICO,
4
National Institute Of Rehabilitation, 3, MEXICO, National Institute Of Rehabilitation,
4, MEXICO
Body
OBJECTIVE
Compare the effect of aerobic interval training versus continuous training on the fat
percentage of obese adults.
DESIGN AND METHODS
A clinical study, longitudinal and prospective. Forty-three subjects with overweight or
obese, randomly assigned to two groups: Group 1 continuous program (n = 20)
performed 5 sessions per week to 65% of maximum heart rate during 30 min. Group 2
interval training program (n = 23): 5 sessions per week for 15 minutes divided into
intervals of 30 seconds at 75% of the maximum heart rate by 2.5 minutes of active
recovery at 60% of maximum heart rate; for 3 weeks in both groups. Dosed according
to results of the maximal exercise test. ANOVA two-way was used considering the type
of exercise intervention and time as factors. T tests for independent samples T tests for
paired samples to determine changes in variables within groups.
RESULTS
No significant difference was found after three weeks of the program between groups.
However, in Group 2 there was significant difference (p <0.05) between baseline and
final percentage of fat; that was lower.
CONCLUSIONS
Interval trining represents an effective therapeutic strategy to reduce cardiovascular
risk in obese patients over a period of 3 weeks. As for the decrease of fat percentage,
proved as effective as continuous exercise, but unlike this, it requires less execution
time per session, and uses predominantly lipids as energy substrate, consequently
there is a low accumulation lactic acid and thus delay the onset of fatigue that
promotes increased exercise tolerance.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: EXERCISE, GENDER, SEXUAL HEALTH AND REPRODUCTION
Title
PHYSICAL AND SEXUAL ACTIVITY
Authors
1
A. Calligaris , S. Bermon
Affiliations
1
2
Centro Medicina Dello Sport E Educazione Fisica, San Pellegrino Terme (bg), ITALY,
Istituto Monegasque Medicine Chirurgie Du Sport, Monaco, MONACO
Body
The sexual activiti is a normal form of cardio-respiratory and muscular solicitation that
we can compare with 100 m. run. From the Masters & Johnson report in the 60 years
in USA not too musch scientific research has been made on the matter. Certenly is not
possible to consider sexual exercise activity like fitmess training, but it's obvious that a
good physical condition is favorable to improve the oerformance. Negativ effects on
sport performance are possibly reversible anomalies on the male fertility an female
menstrual cycles.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: GENETIC IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
MODULATION OF THE ALA16VAL GENE POLYMORPHISM ON MNSOD GENE
EXPRESSION AND PROTEIN CONTENT BEFORE AND AFTER EXERCISE
Authors
1,2
1
2
1
1
G. Bresciani , J. González-gallego , I. Da Cruz , J. De Paz , M. Cuevas
Affiliations
1
2
Institute Of Biomedicine (ibiomed), León, SPAIN, Programa De Pós-graduação Em
Ciências Biológicas: Bioquímica Toxicológica, Universidade Federal De Santa Maria,
Santa Maria, BRAZIL
Body
It is well known that manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) plays a key role on
the redox status maintenance in exercise outcomes. The Ala16Val gene polymorphism
was described for the MnSOD gene presenting three genotypes: AA, AV, and VV. The
aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the Ala16Val gene polymorphism
on the MnSOD gene expression and protein content after a moderate intensity
exercise bout. 60 sport sciences students were firstly genotyped for the Ala16Val
MnSOD gene polymorphism. From this sample, 10 healthy subjects per genotype
(n=30, 20.6±1.8 years old) were randomly recruited to performed an exercise bout at
75% of the maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) during 40 minutes on a cycloergometer.
Blood samples were drawn before and 1 h after the exercise bout. Peripheral blood
mononuclear cells (PBMC) were separated for biological assays. Initial genotyped
sample respected Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P=0.273). No differences were found
on gene expression and protein content at baseline among genotypes. MnSOD gene
expression increased significantly after the exercise bout for the AA participants
(P=0.038). Protein content showed no exercise effect for all genotypes, although
homozygote genotypes showed increased AA protein content when compared to VV
after the exercise bout (P=0.044). The results herein described point out that the
Ala16Val gene polymorphism influences MnSOD gene expression and protein content
after a moderate exercise bout on young healthy participants. Furthermore, these data
indicate a clear role for the AA genotype on MnSOD modulation, indicating that gene
variants may partially explain differences on exercise-induced ROS production.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: GENETIC IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
VDR POLYMORPPHISMS AND MUSCLE INJURIES IN TOP-LEVEL SOCCER PLAYERS.
Authors
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
M. Massidda , C. Calo' , L. Corrias , V. Bachis , P. Cugia , R. Mura , F. Piras , M.
2
Scorcu
Affiliations
1
2
Dept. Life And Environmental Sciences, University Of Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Fmsi Cr
Sardegna And Cagliari Calcio Spa, Cagliari, ITALY
Body
AIM OF THE STUDY. The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships
between VDR ApaI, BsmI, FokI polymorphisms and indirect muscle injuries in a group
of top-level soccer players.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. A sample of 23 male soccer players were analyzed during
the 2010-2011 season, while 9 of them were followed longitudinally from 2009-2010
season till 2011-2012 season. The combined influence of the VDR ApaI, BsmI, FokI
polymorphisms was examined using the Total Genotype Score (TGS, Williams and
Folland, 2008). Indirect muscle injuries were considered as the number of the full
recovery days (NFRD) required to return to play a match. The relationships between
each single polymorphism and indirect muscle injuries were analyzed by Spearman’s
correlation, while the relationship between TGS and muscle injuries was analyzed by
multiple regression analysis.
RESULTS. A significant relationship between TGS and NFRD during the 2010-2011
season (R2=.1728, F=4.387, p=0.04) was found. Soccer players with low TGS showed
high NFRD. Moreover, a significant correlation was found between ApaI (r=0.61;
p<0.05) and BsmI polymorphism (r=0.70; p<0.05) and mean NFRD during the 3
seasons. Athletes with aa and bb genotypes showed the lowest NFRD.
CONCLUSION. Our results showed that there could be an effect of VDR polymorphisms
on the individual predisposition of top-level soccer players to develop muscle injuries.
These results suggested that athletes with particular VDR genotypes could need a
special adapted training process that keeps under control the possibility of developing
indirect muscle injuries. Further future analysis are require to confirm our data.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: GENETIC IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
THE EFFECT OF ETHNICITY ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE
POLYMORPHISMS (SNPS) IN GENES RELATED TO TISSUE DAMAGE, REPAIR AND
RECOVERY IN SPORT
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
2
J. Ribas I Fernández , R. Artells , R. Pruna , B. Montoro , F. Cos , C. Muñoz , G.
3
2
Rodas , M. Monzo
Affiliations
1
Unitat D'anatomia I Embriologia Humana I Escola De Medicina De L'esport-fac.
2
Unitat D'anatomia I Embriologia Humana-fac.
Medicina-ub, Barcelona, SPAIN,
3
4
Medicina-ub, Barcelona, SPAIN, Serveis Mèdics Del Fcbarcelona, Barcelona, SPAIN,
5
Dpt. De Farmàcia I Tecnologia Farmacèutica-fac. Farmacia-ub, Barcelona, SPAIN,
Inef-ub, Barcelona, SPAIN
Body
Introduction: The interaction between extrinsic and intrinsic variables, including
genetic factors, can have an important effect on non-contact tissue injuries. We have
analyzed for the first time the frequency of SNPs in genes related to tissue repair and
regeneration and compared the frequencies observed in different ethnic groups.
Material and Methods: SNPs in the following 8 genes were analyzed in blood extracted
from 73 professional elite football players: Elastin (Eln); Titin (TTN); SRY-related
HMG-box (SOX15); Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2); Chemokine, CC motif, ligand 2
(CCL2); Collagen type 1 alpha 1(COL1A1); Collagen type 5 alpha 1 (COL5A1) and
Tenascin C (TNC). SNP analysis was performed using a real-time polymerase chain
reaction (PCR) Allelic Discrimination TaqMan Assay.
Results: The subjects included 43 Caucasians, 11 Subsaharan-africans and 9 Hispanics.
Significant (P<0.001) inter-racial differences were observed in the frequencies of the
SNPs of each of the 8 genes.
Conclusion: Epidemiological data have demonstrated the existence of interindividual
differences both in the degree of injury and in recovery time. The significant
inter-racial differences for the 8 genes observed in the present study should be
considered when studying these interindividual differences. Further studies with a
larger sample size are warranted to correlate these inter-racial differences with degree
of injury and recovery time.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
ACUTE CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSE TO MUD-PACK TREATMENT IN HYPERTENSIVE
SUBJECTS UNDER THERAPY
Authors
1
1
2
1
L. Agnello , M.A. Maggioni , A. Dattilo , G. Merati
Affiliations
1
2
1university Of Milan, Milan, ITALY, Errmitage Medical Hotel, Abano, ITALY
Body
Hypertensive subjects, even when trained as master athletes, often develop a blunted
cardio-vagal baroreflex sensitivity and an imbalance between sympathetic and parasympathetic
tone; this may reduce the adaptation of cardiac output and peripheral resistances to warm
environments, particularly when under treatment with anti-hypertensive drugs, especially those
inhibiting the angiotensin II-mediated vasoconstriction. Therefore, the immersion in hot mud
typical of SPA treatment used in rehabilitation programmes after sport injures may cause
hypotension in these patients.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the acute cardiovascular effects of mud-pack treatment in
pharmacologically treated hypertensive patients.
METHODS: 28 subjects (M/F 10/18; 67±11 yrs, m±SD) were divided in 2 groups, matched for age
and anthropometric characteristics: normotensive (N) and hypertensive (H) subjects, treated
with beta-blockers, ACE-inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor antagonists (no diuretics).
Beat-by-beat systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP)(finger pletismography), and heart
rate (HR) were recorded before, in supine position (10 min), and during mud-pack treatment
(mud temperature 42°C, 15 min). Cardiac output and total peripheral resistance were calculated
from the computed aortic-flow waveform; HR variability by spectral indexes of sympathovagal
balance (HF, High Frequency; LF, Low Frequency and LF/HF ratio) were finally calculated.
RESULTS: Compared to basal (pre-treatment) conditions, mud treatment tended to decrease SBP
(difference between mud immersion and basal condition; H: -6±16 mmHg; N: -3±5 mmHg),
whereas DBP did not differ (H: -2±7 mmHg; N: 7±5 mmHg) in both groups. HR significantly
increased (p<0.05) in both groups (H: 7±6 bpm; N: 8±4 bpm). Cardiac output decreased
significantly (p<0.01) in H subjects only (H: -1.5±2.0 l/min; N: -0.5±1.6 l/min), whereas total
peripheral resistances decreased in H and increased in N subjects (H: -160±237 l/min; N: 97±124
dyn.s/cm5)(p<0.05). LF/HF ratio slightly but not significantly increased in both groups (H:
0.1±1.5; N: 0.7±1.6), as a results of an increase in LF and a reduction of HF, the latter being
significant (p<0.05) in H subjects only.
CONCLUSIONS: Mud-pack treatment seems to be safe even in pharmacologically treated
hypertensive subjects.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
ANATOMICAL ADAPTATIONS OF THE LOWER LIMB IN HABITUALLY BAREFOOT VERSUS
SHOD CHILDREN IN RURAL KENYA
Authors
1
2
2
2
2
2
3
H. Aibast , T. Sigei , P. Okutoyi , W. Adero , D. Chemjor , N. Ongaro , N. Fuku , K.
1
4
2,5
Konstabel , D.E. Lieberman , Y. Pitsiladis
Affiliations
1
2
3
University Of Tartu, Tartu, ESTONIA, Moi University, Eldoret, KENYA, Tokyo
4
Metropolitan Institute Of Gerontology, Tokyo, JAPAN, Harvard University, Cambridge,
5
USA, University Of Glasgow, Glasgow, UNITED KINGDOM
Body
We have recently shown habitually barefoot children in rural Kenya to have a greater
ankle range of motion, higher and more flexible medial longitudinal foot arch,
comparative stronger toe intrinsic foot muscle strength and a lower incidence of injury
than matched shod controls. AIM: This study investigated heel bone stiffness, achilles
tendon moment arm length and physical activity in 31 habitually barefoot (HB) (age
15.5 ± 1.2 yrs (mean ± SD)) children and age, gender and weight-matched controls in
rural Kenya. METHODS: Heel bone stiffness was measured using bone ultrasonometry.
The moment arm length of the achilles tendon was estimated from photographs of the
ankle, using the position of anatomical landmarks on both feet. Physical activity levels
and patterns were objectively measured for 6 consecutive days (including weekdays
and at least one weekend day) using uni-axial accelerometry. RESULTS: Calcaneus
stiffness index was greater (right 110 ± 16 vs 102 ± 19, p=0.03; left 113 ± 17 vs 101 ±
17, p=0.002) and achilles tendon moment arm shorter in HB (right 3.4 ± 0.5 vs 3.7 ± 0.4
cm, p=0.007; left 3.4 ± 0.4 vs 3.6 ± 0.4 cm, p=0.02). HB children were significantly more
physically active as reflected by the greater accelerometer counts per minute (780 ±
240 vs 311 ± 66 counts per minute, respectively, p<0.001). Moderate to vigorous
physical activity was also significantly greater in HB (98 ± 37 min/day vs 34 ± 12
min/day; p<0.001). CONCLUSION: HB children possessed significantly greater bone
stiffness and a shorter achilles tendon moment arm. The extent to which these
adaptations are a response to being habitually barefoot and/or the much higher and
more intense levels of daily physical activity, remains to be determined.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
THE LIFE STYLE LIKE PROCESS AGAINST AGEING
Authors
1
A. Calligaris
Affiliations
1
2
Centro Medicina Educazione Fisica E Dello Sport, San Pellegrino Terme (bg), ITALY,
Institu Monegasque De Medicineet Chirurgie Du Sport, Monaco, MONACO
Body
Scientific research and derived knowledge applications have determined the
realisation s for rhe civilisation and culture which we are living today. We hope or think
the human sciences have the possibility to offer the completely utlizations of the brain
capacity and finally understand the correct essence of the homo sapien life style
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ BODY WEIGHT CONTROL: DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ATHLETES
AND NON-ATHLETES
Authors
1
2
R. Mikulán , B. Pikó
Affiliations
1
University Of Szeged, »juhász Gyula« Faculty Of Education, Institute Of Physical
2
Education And Sports Sciences, Szeged, HUNGARY, University Of Szeged, Faculty Of
Medicine, Department Of Behavioural Sciences, Szeged, HUNGARY
Body
Objective: Due to chronic dissatisfaction with body weight in youth, efforts to lose
weight often lead to pathological dietary behaviours. Regular and heavy sports activity
may contribute to the optimization of body weight, not only by elevating the energy
utilization but also by increasing the health consciousness and the tendency to
self-monitor. Research generally finds a beneficial role of extracurricular sports activity
in body weight control. Therefore, we aim to analyze how regular,heavy sports activity
(more precisely, competitive sports) may contribute to body weight control among
two groups of youth: athletes and non-athletes.
Design and method: Our study was carried out using 347 adolescents; among them
there were 91 athletes
and 259 controls. The subjects completed self-administered questionnaires concerning
their body weight control and dietary habits.
Results: We found that girls were less satisfied with their body weight and reported
dieting more frequently with a greater emphasis on healthy dieting than boys. Sport
influenced these strong gender differences only regarding healthy dieting, young male
athletes laid a larger emphasis on healthy diets than their non-athlete counterparts,
therefore their attitude became similar to that of female athletes and non-athletes.
We conclude that despite the normal weight in high school students, episodes of
dieting that might contribute to eating disorders were quite frequent. This was not
influenced by the students’ extracurricular sports activity.
Conclusion: A greater monitoring of male athletes’ and their friend’s diet draw
attention to the need for developing health education programs specific to boys.
Key words: athletes, healthy diet, body weight control
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
THE INFLUENCES OF THE LOWER-EXTREMITY FUNCTION IN THE AGED PERSON’S
QUALITY OF LIFE
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
B. Oh , H.C. Choi , D.W. Shin , K.Y. Son , J.H. Park , B. Cho
Affiliations
1
2
Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA, Seoul National University
3
Hospital, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, SOUTH
4
5
KOREA, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA, Seoul National
6
University Hospital, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul,
SOUTH KOREA
Body
Background: If association between the decline in physical performance and the
subjective quality of life is confirmed, the SPPB could be used as a predictor for decline
in quality of life in aged people.
Objective: This study aimed to elucidate the association of the short physical
performance battery (SPPB) with the quality of life (EQ-5D) to determine the
usefulness of the SPPB as a predictor of decline in quality of life.
Methods: The SPPB and EQ-5D were performed on random sample nested in the
KLoSA panel. Comparisons of adjusted means of EQ-5D index between normal and
abnormal SPPB groups were performed using a t-test. The association between EQ-5D
and SPPB abnormality was examined using logistic regression analysis. Additionally, the
associations of gait speed and chair stand time with EQ-5D index were examined using
logistic regression analysis.
Results: Four hundred and twenty two subjects were included in the analysis. Adjusted
means of EQ-5D index were significantly lower when SPPB score was abnormal.
(p=0.022 for men, p=0.047 for women) Abnormal SPPB score was significantly
associated with abnormal EQ-5D especially for men (adjusted OR 2.46, 95% CI
1.03–5.87 for men, adjusted OR 1.76, 95% CI 0.94–3.33 for women). Gait speed was
significantly associated with EQ-5D index in participants regardless of sex.
Conclusions: Abnormal SPPB score was associated with decline in quality of life. Thus,
the SPPB has the potential to be used as an early predictor of decline in quality of life
in clinical settings and epidemiological study.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
WEEKLY VIGOROUS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DIETARY HABITS IN SEDENTARY
UNIVERSITY STUDENTS. GENDER-RELATED DIFFERENCES
Authors
1
2
1
1
1
1
A. Sablone , A. Di Blasio , M.G. Taglieri , G. Di Giacanto , D. Di Renzo , A. Colozzi ,
1
12
M. Scalisi , P. Ripari
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Study G.d'annunzio Chieti-pescara, Chieti, ITALY, Department Of
3
Sciences Biomedical, Chieti, ITALY, Department Of Medecine And Aging Sciences,
4
Chieti, ITALY, Amsd Chieti, Chieti, ITALY
Body
Introduction The finding that women seem to compensate the increased
exercise-related energy expenditure, through high lipid-dense foods, suggested us to
verify if this is due to the intensity of daily body movement and energy expenditure or
to exercise program participation. The aim of this study was to investigate the
interaction between the amount of weekly vigorous physical activity and gender on
dietary habits of non-exercising university students. Methods We recruited 30
university students: 15 women and 15 men without participation in a controlled diet
and physical exercise programs during the last 2 years. Qualitative and quantitative
characteristics of dietary habits and daily physical activity were assessed together with
body composition. We created 2 sub-samples according to the 50th percentile of
weekly min of vigorous physical activity: LOW (<30 min) and HIGH (>30 min). Results.
Men had worse values than women of both daily intake of percentage of lipids
(p=0.027) and carbohydrates (p=0.05) and that of satured fat (p=0.04). The
interaction between gender and weekly min of vigorous physical activity showed that
men and women differed in lipid (p=0.05) and satured fat intake (p=0.016) trend. Men
showed a worse tendency than women. Discussion Our results show that, if
non-exercising women have a correct distribution of daily energy intake among
macronutrients, independently from weekly min of vigorous physical activity, both
lipid and satured fat intake of non-exercising men are linked with weekly min of
vigorous physical activity. In fact, more active men had high lipidic diet.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
THE COMPARISON OF THE EFFECT TYPE OF MUSIC ON PERFORMANCE PHYSICAL
FITNESS FACTORS OF ADOLESCENCE BOYS
Authors
1
2
3
F. Torabi , K. Ranjbar , Z. Soori
Affiliations
1
2
Physical Education Departmen, Payame Noor University, Tehran, IRAN, Department
Of Exercise Physiology, Faculty Of Sports And Exercise Sciences, University Of Tehran,
3
Faculty Of Sports And Exercise Sciences, University Of Razi,
Tehran, IRAN,
Kermanshah, IRAN
Body
The aim of this research was to study the effect of external intervention factor (types
of music) in physical fitness factors on adolescence boys.In order to do this study, 30
healthy adolescence boys (9-12 years), were randomly allocated in 3 testing stage, fast
music, slow music, control with Counter Balance method. In each stage of research
program the muscular endurance, coordination, agility and muscular power tests were
perform. In the stage of fast music: the rhythm of 135-140 bpm and slow music: the
rhythms of 115-120 bpm were used and control received no musical intervention.Data
analysis showed that in each stage the difference of muscular endurance tests include
sit up, push up and pull up were significant (P<0.05).
there were significant
differences between musical stage with control stage in push up, sit up and endurance
strength . In each stage the difference of coordination tests were significant . The
coordination test result in the control and slow music stages were improved (P<0.05).
The agility test results in the stge of intervention were not significant .The explosive
power result in the fast music stages were significantly improved .
Finally listening to the music during strength and endurance performance , cause to
increase efficiency of performance, and fast music maybe is more effective in
avoiding from central fatigue. On the other hand, , every kind of music has the
negative effect on performance of coordination test and has no effect on performance
of the agility test .
Key words: slow, fast music, young boy
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
THE EFFECT OF AROUSAL FACTOR (MUSIC) ON LEARNING AND PERFORMANCE OF THE
CONTINUOUS MOTOR SKILLS
Authors
1
F. Torabi
Affiliations
1
Department Of Physical Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Introduction
Arousal and condition of it is one of the major environmental factors that is influence
performance and learning of motor skills through motivating subjects.
Methods
24 healthy and non-athlete girls that were divided into two groups of music (n=12) and
control (n=12) randomly. The subjects in the exercise protocol participated in the
acquisition stage performing the Harrison dribbling basketball Test for 6 weeks, 3
sessions per week for 30 a duration of seconds in each session. The music group
performed the learning task while listening to music. The basketball dribbling test was
recorded at the start of the training protocol and again at the end of the 6th week of
the acquisition trials.
Results
Data analysis showed that two groups improved significantly at the acquisition stage
(p=0.001). However, there was only a significant difference in retention and transfer
scores of music motivation induced condition compared to the control group. Music
induced conditions significantly demonstrated higher scores on retention and transfer
tests in contrast to the control group (p=0.001).
Discussion
Presenting the arousing components has no positive effects on the primary phase of
acquisition and learning of a continuous skill such as basketball dribbling skill.
However, following a detraining period, the results reversed. They demonstrated
their influence in such a way that the arousal effect of music was considerable in both
learning and transfer (1).
References
1.
Crust L. Clough PJ. (2006). The influence of rhythm and personality in the
Endurance response to motivational asynchronous music. Journal sport science, Feb,
24(2); 95-187.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
DETERMINATION OF MAXIMAL FAT OXIDATION FOR PRESCRIBING EXERCISE IN
HEALTHY SEDENTARY SUBJECTS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
A. Cataldo , G. Russo , D. Zangla , V. Giglio , D. Bellavia , M. Traina
Affiliations
1
University Of Palermo - Department Of Sports Science (dismot), Palermo, ITALY
Body
PURPOSE: Physical activity is recommended as a component of weight management.
Exercise intensity has been showed to be one of the most important factors in
determining substrate utilization. Purpose of our study was to determine the level at
which physical exercise elicits maximal fat oxidation.
METHODS: Fifteen healthy sedentary subjects, 8 men and 7 women, mean age 53
(range 37 – 71), BMI 26,6±1,33, performed an incremental exercise test to exhaustion
on treadmill, using Bruce protocol. Breath-by-breath measurements of VO2
(ml/Kg/min) were detected throughout exercise and FAT rate (mg/Kg/min) was
determined using indirect calorimetry (Cosmed, Quark CPET). The data is shown as
mean values ± standard error of the mean. For the statistical analysis of the data,
linear regression analysis was used.
RESULTS: The average VO2max was 28,63±2,03 ml/Kg/min (men 30,91±3,27; women
26,03±2,08 ml/Kg/min). FATmax of 7,19±0,77 mg/Kg/min (men 0,80±1,22; women
6,26±0,84 mg/Kg/min) was reached at VO2 of 18,23±1,28 ml/Kg/min (men 18,85±2,03;
women 17,51±1,59 ml/Kg/min) and it was located at 64±2,05 %VO2max (men 61±2,06;
women 68±4,96 %VO2max). A positive linear correlation between FATmax and VO2 at
FATmax (r=0,85, p<0,0001) has been found.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that in healthy sedentary subjects the maximal
fat oxidation rate was located at 64 %VO2max (range of intensity 55-75 %VO2max).
In addition, our results showed that women utilize fat acid substrate on a wider range
of exercise intensity (55-80 %VO2max) than men (55-67 %VO2max), suggesting that
this difference must be taken into account when prescribing exercise for weight
management in healthy sedentary subjects.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME IN ATHLETES
Authors
1
N. Syrmos
Affiliations
1
. Neurosurgery Department, Venizeleio General Hospital,heraklion,crete,greece,
Heraklion,crete,greece, GREECE
Body
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME IN ATHLETES
N. Syrmos1,3, V. Giannouli 2 ,A.Mylonas3 ,G. Gavridakis4 ,
K. Grigoriou1, V.Valadakis1,C. Iliadis1,D.Arvanitakis1
1. Neurosurgery Department, Venizeleio General Hospital,Heraklion,Crete,Greece
2. Psychologist, MSc Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology, Aristotle University of
Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece
3 Department of Anatomy, School of Sports Science,. Aristotle University of
Thessaloniki, Macedonia,Greece .
4.CT –scan Department, Venizeleio General Hospital,Heraklion,Crete,Greece
BACKGROUND: The carpal tunnel syndrome is a situation that prevents the normal use
of the hands, which causes a lot of problems in athletic activity . Very often, athletes
participating in sport activity with repetitive wrist motion may be affected. Sports
like tennis and golf are often associated with carpal tunnel syndrome
AIM: We intend to present our surgical experience, with the hope that it will alleviate
suffering.
METHODS: In our clinic we faced 20 patients surgically. 20 patients, 5 female -25% 15 male -75%-, mean age 35years, range 25-45
years.In all cases the clinical picture
had also laboratory confirmation.
RESULTS: The results were satisfactory, except in a few cases of reappearance of the
syndrome
CONCLUSIONS: The surgical treatment is considered as most effective, mainly in
individuals with chronic and advanced sympomatology
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
EFFECTS OF WATER EXERCISE ON FALLING RISK AND POSTURAL CONTROL OF ELDERLY
PATIENTS WITH KNEE OA
Authors
1
2
F. Zamanian , M. Vesalinaseh
Affiliations
1
Department Of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch,
2
Najafabad, IRAN, Department Of Sport Science, Tehran University, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Introduction: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint process prevalent in the older adult
population. The symptoms of OA, such as pain and stiffness of the joints, restrict ability
to move and control the balance in which consequently results in increased falling
accidents. Several reviews have concluded that exercise therapy can benefit patients
with OA of the knee and hip.
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of water exercise on falling
risk and postural control patients with knee OA.
Methods: 30 elderly women with knee OA (age: 70.4 ± 9.8, height: 145.6 ± 12.2 and
weight: 53.1 ± 10.6) voluntarily participated in present study. Their static balance was
evaluated by Romberg tests. Using Berg questionnaire, the falling risk were evaluated.
Then the subjects were divided into experimental and control groups randomly.
Experimental group underwent an 12weeks (three sessions per week) water exercise
program. The RPE scale was used to evaluate the exercise intensity after each water
exercise session. The control groups did not participate in any training program. The
evaluations were repeated after the treatment sessions. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)
was used for statistical analysis.
Results: After water exercise the ability of subjects in controlling of balance on one leg
(P= 0.002) were significantly improved. Also exercise reduced the falling risk
significantly (P=0.000).
Conclusions: water exercise improved postural control and reduced risk of fall in
patients with knee OA. This water exercise program is recommended for rehabilitation
of patients with knee OA.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
LIVER MITOCHONDRIA TRAINING ADAPTATIONS TO EXERCISE-INDUCED OXIDATIVE
STRESS
Authors
1
1
1
2
4
1
G. Bresciani , F. Lima , D. Stamm , I. Della-pace , M. De Castro , F. Dobrachinski , N.
1
3
1
1,2
De Carvalho , M. Fighera , F. Soares , L. Royes
Affiliations
1
Programa De Pós-graduação Em Ciências Biológicas: Bioquímica Toxicológica,
2
Programa De
Universidade Federal De Santa Maria, Santa Maria, BRAZIL,
Pós-graduação Em Farmacologia, Universidade Federal De Santa Maria, Santa Maria,
3
BRAZIL, Departamento De Neuroolgia, Hospital Universitário De Santa Maria, Santa
4
Maria, BRAZIL, Undergraduate Student At Centro De Educação Física E Desportos,
Universidade Federal De Santa Maria, Santa Maria, BRAZIL
Body
Although acute exhaustive exercise is known to increase liver reactive oxygen species
(ROS) production, and moderate aerobic training has been shown to improve the
antioxidant status in the liver, little is known about mitochondria adaptations to
aerobic training. The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a
moderate aerobic training on oxidative stress markers and antioxidant defense in liver
mitochondria both after training and after three consecutive exhaustive swimming
bouts. Wistar rats were divided into training, sedentary and sedentary-acute groups.
Training group performed a 6-week swimming training protocol. Subsets of training
and sedentary groups were sacrificed to verify liver mitochondria training adaptation.
72 h later, group subsets performed three consecutive swimming bouts with 72 h rest
in between. Oxidative stress biomarkers, antioxidant activity and status were assessed.
Lactate threshold test was also performed in order to confirm training adaptation.
Training group showed decreased protein carbonilation, with higher mitochondrial
superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), higher reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration,
decreased oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and higher GSH/GSSG rate after training.
Statistical analysis revealed that previous aerobic training protects against exhaustive
swimming ROS production herein characterized by decreased oxidative stress markers,
and higher antioxidant defenses when compared to sedentary groups. Training group
also presented higher time-to-exhaustion. Concluding, training induced positive
adaptations in rat liver mitochondria. Increased antioxidant defense after swimming
training cope well with exercise-produced ROS, indicating a protective role on
mitochondria functionality. Therefore, liver mitochondria adapt to exercise-induced
oxidative stress and may play an important role on exercise outcomes.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
THE EFFECTS OF POWER BAND HOLOGRAM ON REDOX STATE OF YOUNG SOCCER
PLAYERS
Authors
1
D. Djordjevic , V. Puzovic, N. Barudzic, V. Zivkovic, M. Vuletic, D. Stefanovic, M.
Djurovic, V. Jakovljevic
Affiliations
1
Department Of Physiology, Faculty Of Medicine,university Of Kragujevac, Kragujevac,
2
SERBIA, Fc Red Star, Belgrade, SERBIA
Body
Objective
According to the manufacturer’s assertion, Power Band bracelet contains thin
polyester hologram (made from oxygen ions, infrared rays, germanium electrons and
magnetic waves), which broadcasts the natural frequencies associated with the energy
field of the human body and contributes to the establishment of ionic balance by
balancing the energy field. Recent investigations have shown that exposure to low
frequency magnetic fields may increase the half-life of free radicals which affects cell
signaling and may weaken the antioxidative defence system of the body (1, 2). Thus
the aim of our investigation was to assess if wearing Power Band bracelet affects redox
state of football players.
Design and method
Football players (n=48, age: 17.4±1.1) were subjected to 3 successive blood samplings
in different conditions: 1) with no bracelet, 2) with placebo bracelet and 3) with Power
Band bracelet. Redox state analysis included measurement of levels of: superoxide
anion radical, hydrogen peroxide, nitrites as markers of nitric oxide, thiobarbituric acid
reactive substances as index of lipid peroxidation, reduced glutathione, superoxide
dismutase and catalase activity.
Results
Wearing placebo or Power Band bracelet had no statistically significant effect on any
investigated parameter of subjects’ redox state.
Conclusions
The results of our study showed that wearing Power Band hologram had no negative
effect on redox state of football players.
References
Lee BC, Jong H-M, Lim JK, et al. (2004). J Photochem Photobiol B,73, 43-48.
Yokus B, Cakir DU, Akdag MZ, et al. (2005). Free Radic Res, 39, 317-323.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
DISUSE AND AGING: MODIFICATIONS IN FUNCTIONAL PARAMETERS AND MYOSIN
CONCENTRATION.
Authors
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
E. Longa , L. Brocca , E. Cambell , O. Seynnes , J. Mcphee , M. Narici , R. Bottinelli
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Pavia, Department Of Molecular Medicine, Pavia, ITALY, Institute For
Biomedical Research Into Human Movement And Health, Manchester Metropolitan
University, Manchester, UNITED KINGDOM
Body
It has been shown that, consistently with the observed loss of specific force in vivo in
the elderly, specific force (Po/CSA) of identified types of atrophic muscle fibers of
sedentary and immobilized elderly subjects (EL) is lower than that of young (YO)
healthy subjects and that a major determinant of such loss could be a lower myosin
concentration within individual muscle fibers and a retraining could change this
condition. We performed two studies in which torque and muscle volume of the
quadriceps muscle were determined in vivo; cross sectional area (CSA), Po/CSA and
myosin concentration of isolated muscle fibers from biopsy samples of vastus lateralis
were determined in vitro. Study 1: 4 YO subjects were subjected to 4 weeks unilateral
lower limb suspension (ULLS); isometric torque and muscle volume by MRI were lower
(21% and 10% respectively) post-ULLS compared to pre-ULLS and increased (32% and
15%) post-2 weeks recovery. CSA and Po/CSA of muscle fibers were lower post-ULLS
compared to pre-ULLS and Po/CSA interestingly increase after recovery. Study 2:
specific force and volume by MRI were lower (18% and 27%) in normally active EL
subjects compared to YO controls; muscle fibers from EL subjects had a 14% in CSA and
a 25% of Po/CSA decrease compared to YO subjects. In ULLS subjects myosin
concentration is decrease post suspension with an almost complete recover after 3
weeks retraining. Our data indicate that, in disuse exercise could overcome atrophy
and maybe ameliorate subjects condition.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
TESTOSTERONE TREATMENT–INDUCED CHANGES IN THE BLOOD ANTIOXIDANT
STATUS OF SEDENTARY AND ENDURANCE TRAINED RATS
Authors
1
E. Sadowska-krepa , A. Wanke, K. Kempa, B. Klapcinska
Affiliations
1
Jerzy Kukuczka Academy Of Physical Education-department Of Physiological &
Medical Sciences, Katowice, POLAND
Body
Objective: This study was aimed at the investigation of the effect of endurance training
and/or testosterone treatment on the activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide
dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase),
concentrations of nonenzymatic antioxidants (glutathione and uric acid) and plasma
malondialdehyde as a biomarker of oxidative damage to lipids.
Design and method: Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into four groups of
sedentary or exercise trained (1 h daily, 5 days a week for 6 weeks) animals receiving,
or not receiving, intramuscular injections of testosterone enanthate (8mg/kg body
weight) once a week for 6 weeks.
Results: As compared to sedentary controls, the activities of antioxidant enzymes
(except for glutathione reductase) and concentrations of nonenzymatic antioxidants
tended towards higher values in response to training, which was accompanied by a
significant increase in malondialdehyde level. A significant rise (p<0.05) in the activity
of superoxide dismutase and a trend towards higher activity of glutathione peroxidase
and uric acid level in response to testosterone treatment was observed in sedentary
animals, as compared to untreated sedentary controls. There was a slight tendency to
lower activities of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione
reductase and plasma uric acid content and a significant increase (p<0.01) in
malondialdehyde level after testosterone treatment combined with training.
Conclusions:These results suggest that endurance training alone induced improvement
in the antioxidant defense, but combined stressors, such as chronic exercise and
administration of anabolic-androgenic steroid led to a moderate impairment of the
pro-oxidant/antioxidant balance in the blood of rats.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
BLOOD PRESSURE AND CARDIAC OUTPUT REGULATION IN CYCLISTS DURING
MAXIMUM AEROBIC POWER TEST
Authors
1
1
1
P.M. Casali , L. Ricciardi , M.I. Sturla
Affiliations
1
A.s.d. Associazione Medico Sportiva, Pavia, ITALY
Body
BACKGROUND
Power to heart rate ratio (W/HR) is a measure of anaerobic threshold among
endurance athletes. W/HR can be determined through the Heart Rate Deflection
method, HRD.
OBJECTIVES
To determine trend of arterial pressure (AP), systolic volume (SV), cardiac output
(CO) and their regulation
METHODS
12 cyclists performed a maximum aerobic power test on cyclosimulator starting from
100watt and increasing 10watt stepwise each 30 seconds untill muscular exhaustion
occured. HR data have been collected with a Polar® heart rate monitor and AP data
with Portapres®.
Further data analysis has been done with Protrainer 5®, BeatScope® and ModelFlow®
in order to determine HR, SV and CO
RESULTS
For each subject the heart rate deflection point (HRDP) and, therefore, the anaerobic
threshold, have been identified. For each subject systolic AP value decrease
significantly in conjunction with the HRDP and, in turn, to increase after an average
time of 72 m”. Analysis with ModelFlow® shows for all the subjects a reduction of SV
(average = 8%; min = 6%, max = 13%), while the trend of CO seems to be more
unclear.
CONCLUSIONS
This study shows for the first time a reduction of AP values in healthy athletes during
an incremental maximum aerobic power test. The decrease of AP values is
time-locked to the HRDP and, consequently, to anaerobic threshold. At the same
time, significant reduction of the SV can be observed. It seems reasonable to
hypothesize that the HRDP can be closely related to SV regulation.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
PERIPHERAL ADAPTATIONS ASSESSED BY NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY FOLLOWING
EXERCISE TRAINING IN PATIENTS WITH INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION
Authors
1
1
1
2
1
1
A.M. Malagoni , M. Felisatti , F. Mascoli , N. Basaglia , R. Manfredini , N. Lamberti ,
1
1
1
1,2
E. Pozzato , S. Mandini , P. Zamboni , F. Manfredini
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Ferrara-vascular Diseases Center, Ferrara, ITALY,
S. Anna
Hospital-department Of Rehabilitation Medicine, Ferrara, ITALY
Body
Aim - Near-infrared spectroscopy allows noninvasive static and dynamic muscle
evaluation in peripheral arterial disease. We studied the exercise-induced changes of
selected near-infrared spectroscopy parameters in patients with peripheral arterial
disease.
Materials and Methods - Forty-five patients (39M, age=71.3±6.6y) with peripheral
arterial disease, for a total of 75 diseased legs, were studied at entry and at 34±2
weeks. Patients walked 20 min/day performing two different home-based programs:
1) Structured at prescribed pace below pain threshold speed (S-pre, n=31); 2)
Unstructured at free pace to pain tolerance (U-free, n=14). Fifteen healthy subjects
(7M, age=38.3±15.3y), studied as reference group, performed their usual activities.
Outcome measures: Ankle-Brachial Index; calf oxygen consumption at rest and muscle
oxygenated hemoglobin (area under curve) during an incremental test by near-infrared
spectroscopy, and initial/absolute claudication distances.
Results - Baseline oxygenated hemoglobin, which was lower in patients compared with
healthy subjects, significantly increased after training, approaching the stable values of
untrained healthy subjects. Within the diseased population, the U-free group failed to
exhibit significant variations in any outcome parameter while in the S-pre group,
significant functional improvement was accompanied by increased near-infrared
spectroscopy parameters (calf oxygen consumption, P=.05; oxygenated hemoglobin,
P=.006), and Ankle-Brachial Index (P<.0001). Individually near-infrared spectroscopy
parameters adaptations in the worse legs according to the Ankle-Brachial Index
changes were observed.
Conclusions - Selected near-infrared spectroscopy parameters showed
exercise-induced changes and, in combination with traditional parameters, outlined
local adaptations following rehabilitation in patients affected by peripheral arterial
disease.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
PLATELET-RICH-PLASMA – THE STATE OF THE ART IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Authors
1
1
1
1
2
C. Miguel , F. Monteiro , R. Sales Marques , C. Machado , R. Aido.
Affiliations
1
2
Service Of Physical And Rehabilitation Medicine Of Faro, Faro, PORTUGAL, Service
Of Orthopaedicas And Traumatology Of Centro Hospitalar Do Porto, Porto, PORTUGAL
Body
objective : The aim of the study is to discuss the state of the art regarding the use of
PRP in Sports Medicine pathology as well as future expectations with regard to your
application.
design and method : The authors set out to review the literature, based on texts of the
databases PubMed and Lilacs published from 1995 to 2011.
results : There is extensive documentation of both animal and human studies, with
widespread applications, demonstrating the safety and efficacy of PRP for 20 years.
However, most studies are pilot studies with small sample sizes.
conclusions: The increasing use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in Sports Medicine
presents significant opportunities—as well as significant questions—about appropriate
clinical applications for this developing therapy.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
ENDOTHERAPY AND TRANSDERMAL INFILTRATION SYSTEM FOR TREATMENT OF
INTERNAL GASTROCNEMIUS TRAUMA IN SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
1
A. Pastore
Affiliations
1
2
Medical Center Avicenna, Venice, ITALY, Association Sports Medicine, Venice, ITALY
Body
Aim: evaluate through ultrasound scanning, the anatomic-tissutal repair with a
prevalence of regeneration phenomena than on cicatricial, on a sample of lesions from
indirect trauma treated with endothermy and transdermal vehiculation.
30 male patients (18-40 years) amateur soccer players/semi-professional with
traumatic indirect lesion at distal internal gastrocnemius myo-tendinous junction (22
left legs – 8 right legs) procured during the game or training on turf. Period: January September 2010.
Diagnoses: ultrasound scanning, symptoms evaluated with VAS(0-10).
First ultrasound scanning control: 12 patients presented first degree lesion, 10 patients
second degree lesion, 8 patients third degree.
Cycle of therapy:
Endotherapy in the first 24 hours (edema resorption).
First, second week: 2 consecutive sessions of Winform Transdermal Infiltration System
(aceclofenac 200 mg, EDTA 10%). 2 sessions of Winform Endotherapy (alternate days).
Thirds, fourth week: 2 Endotherapy sessions spaced at least 48 hours.
Second control, end of therapies: all patients showed initial or partial hematoma
resorption, appearance of fibers and beginning of cicatricial phenomena.
All patients reported an improvement in pain that has increased from a medium
average VAS 5.69±2.27 (DS) to 2.40±1.84 (DS) at discharge, medium improvement of
3.29±0.76 (DS) (T- test p<0.05).
In conclusion, these associated methods are effective for quality of anatomic-tissutal
repair, hematoma resorption rather than on recovery time. No association with other
techniques.
P.Mondardini et al.Nuove metodologie nel trattamento della patologia muscolare
traumatica dell’atleta Minerva Medica2003
S.Colaiuda et al.Trattamento non invasivo del melasma,utilizzo di un sistema di
veicolazione transdermica a rilascio rapido,HiTechDermo2010
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
FROM CRYOTHERAPY TO NEUROCRYOSTIMULATION: A STRIKING EVOLUTION
Authors
1,2,3
1
1
1
P. Paulin
, J.L. Fortin , F. Nicod , F.X. Lagre
Affiliations
1
2
Emergency Medical Service, Doubs Fire Department, Besançon, FRANCE,
3
Franche-comté Regional Olympic Comittee, Besançon, FRANCE, French Handball
Federation, Medical Services, Gentilly, FRANCE
Body
Objective::
Cryotherapy is known since ages. It is now experiencing renewed interest thanks to a
better knowledge of its action on the human body. A newly developed technique, the
neurocryostimulation, appears to be promising.
Design and method:
The thermic shock seems to be the scientific rationale of this newly developed
technology. Physiologic effects of cryotherapy recently published identify four main
mechanism of action: Analgesics, anti-inflammatory, vasomotor and myorelaxant.
Results:
Several techniques for cryotherapy are known and used. For each technique, a
physico-chemical phenomenon occurs when in contact with the skin, and thus
conditions a specific physiologic effect on the body. Three main phenomena are
identified: Conduction, convection and sublimation. Only neurocryostimulation
allows to date to obtain some tangible expected physiological effects. Medical and
paramedical indications seem to be promising in humans as well as in animals.
Conclusions:
Cryotherapy is making a tremendous comeback. Better understanding of the
mechanisms of action and the development of neurocryostimulation reinforce this
interest. More clinical and fundamental studies are needed to definitely lay the basis
of this ancestral practice.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
BODY COMPOSITION ASSESSED BY SEGMENTAL BIOIMPEDANCE ANALYSIS (BIA) AND
REPEATED SPRINT PERFORMANCE IN RUGBYMEN.
Authors
1
1
1
2
2
1
J. Brun , M. Guiraudou , J. Dumas , I. Raingeard , A. Chalançon , A. Avignon , J.
1
Mercier
Affiliations
1
2
Inserm U1046, Montpellier, FRANCE,
Département D'endocrinologie Chu
Montpellier, Montpellier, FRANCE
Body
We previously reported highly significant correlations between body cell mass (BCM)
measured by BIA and aerobic capacity in rugbymen. However BIA loses precision in
slim or heavy athletes due to limitations of the model that are overcome with
segmental BIA. We tested a new device using this approach, the RX4000 Biacorpus
(Healthnesslink, France), that we validated first against DEXA and then applied to a
team of rugbymen. Validation in 36 subjects covering a range of BMI 13-48 kg / m²,
showed for fat mass (MG) a remarkable agreement (r=0.988; average error 0.532 [95%
confidence interval CI:-0.495;1.56]) with DEXA. The composition of each segment is
accurately predicted (r=0.823 to 0.958). In a team of 29 rugbymen (age:18-31 yr; mean
body mass index 29 (ranging from 21 to 41 kg/m²) we found an average % of fat mass
of 18,46 % and muscle mass was on the average two-fold bigger than fat mass.
However neither muscle mass not BCM measured with BIA were predictor of
measurements of sprint performance, while the time of 10m sprint was strongly
correlated to fat mass (r=0.738 p<0.01 )and to %fat mass (r=0.750, p<0.01) as did the
time to perform Gacon's 45-15 repeated sprint test (FM r=0.783 p<0.01; %FM r=0.693
p<0.01). Thus this new segmental BIA technique provides a markedly improved
determination of fat and fat free mass in lean and obese subjects and provides
measurements strongly correlated with sprint and repeated test performance in
rugbymen, emphasizing the negative effect of excess fat mass on this performance.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
RESTING METABOLIC DEMAND OF ELITE BOXING IN BRAZIL
Authors
1
2
3
1
4
4
F. Burini , L. Viveiros , O. Teixeira , R. Manda , C. Abad , I. Loturco , T. Pessoa Junior
5
6
3
1
, M. Aoki , L. Cameron , R. Burini
Affiliations
1
1.
exercise And Nutrition Metabolism Center Unesp Medical School, Botucatu,
2
brazilian Olympic Committee Sports Science Department, Rio De
BRAZIL, 2.
3
protein Metabolism Laboratory Unirio, Rio De Janeiro,
Janeiro, BRAZIL, 3.
4
5
pão De Açúcar High Performance Center, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL, 5.
BRAZIL, 4.
6
parana Federal State University, Curitiba, BRAZIL, 6. each São Paulo State
University, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL
Body
Weight-based categories sports, such as boxing, demands specific evaluations criteria
regarding training, competition and nutritional patterns. Applied behaviors, such as
dehydration and malnutrition, leads to decrease in performance, despite health issues
(eg. Rabdhomyolisis).
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the metabolic demand (resting
metabolic rate - RMR) of national elite boxing athletes, and analyse the nutritional
pattern individually.
DESIGN/METHODS: For RMR evaluation, a portable analyzer (FITMATE PRO COSMED®) were used in 11 athletes (7 males/ 4 females; 25,5±3yrs); nutritional
pattern was analyzed using daily 24h records, with specific software for qualitative
datas (NUTWIN®). For statistical analysis, t student test and ANOVA two-way was
used when appropriated, adopting p<0.05 for statistical significance.
RESULTS: All athletes were above the category weight. RMR was 1341,2±423,2, higher
in males (1496,7±109,2 vs 1069,2±646,4). Caloric intake was 2038,6±575,2, higher in
females (2323,2±786,8 vs 1874,78±394,6). Qualitative analysis showed lower
carbohydrate intake (91% of the athletes). 36% showed high protein intake;
branched-chain-aminoacid leucine were under dietary recommended intake (DRI) in
36%. Eletrolytes intake, such as sodium, pottasium and magnesium were abnormal in
100% of the athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study evidences abnormalities that should be focused on
the multidisciplinary matter, avoiding deleterious atitudes such as dehydration and
malnutrition, wich could lead to decrease in performance, despite health risks, and
such evaluations that permits improvements on body composition of the athletes
should be encouraged.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
METABOLIC PROFILE OF BRAZILIAN ELITE BOXING ATHLETES
Authors
1
2
3
1
4
4
F. Burini , L. Viveiros , O. Teixeira , R. Manda , C. Abad , I. Loturco , T. Pessoa Junior
5
6
3
1
, M. Aoki , L. Cameron , R. Burini
Affiliations
1
1.
exercise And Nutrition Metabolism Center Unesp Medical School, Botucatu,
2
brazilian Olympic Committee Sports Science Department, Rio De
BRAZIL, 2.
3
protein Metabolism Laboratory Unirio, Rio De Janeiro,
Janeiro, BRAZIL, 3.
4
5
pão De Açúcar High Performance Center, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL, 5.
BRAZIL, 4.
6
parana Federal State University, Curitiba, BRAZIL, 6. each São Paulo State
University, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL
Body
Elite athletes present a peculiar profile that demands specific performance
assessment, including training, dietary recommendations and metabolic stress
repercussion. High intensity training can induce a wide range of metabolic responses
and associated with inadequate resting and nutritional intake might be a trigger for
adverse outcomes in performance.
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the metabolic stress responses of Brazilian elite
boxing athletes mimicking a typical Olympic championship framework.
DESIGN/METHOD: 11 elite athletes (7 males/ 4 females; 25,5±3yrs) were submitted to
a performance assessments on a maximal specific test preceded and proceeded by a
blood analyses of acute and chronic biochemical markers of stress associated with
anabolic and catabolic responses (CK, CKMB, AST, ALT, Gama GT, Glucose, Insulin,
Hematocrit, Hemoglobin, Albumin, Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Total and Free
Testosterone, Cortisol). Testosterone and Cortisol ratio was utilized to check the
performance status. Student’s t test or Wilcoxon test was utilized for statistical
analyses according data distribution (p<0.05)
RESULTS: The maximal test induces metabolic responses of exertion, observed by
increase on muscle damage (CK and AST), hemoconcentration (hematocrit,
hemoglobin, albumin and electrolytes), anabolic hormones (total and free
testosterone), glucose metabolism (glucose and insulin) without alterations on cardiac
(CKMB), hepatic (ALT, Gama GT) and catabolic (cortisol) biomarkers.
Testosterone/Cortisol ratio was elevated after maximal test, indicating that deleterious
effects are not expected in these athletes.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that specific metabolic approach on Brazilian’s elite
boxing athletes may lead to adequately characterization and specifically ways to
improve high performance fitness.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
LIPID PEROXIDATION / NITRIC OXIDE METABOLITE RATIO IN TRAINED SUBJECTS
BEFORE AND AFTER A CARDIOPULMONARY TEST
Authors
1
1
1
1
B. Canino , R. Lo Presti , F. Stassi , G. Caimi
Affiliations
1
University Of Palermo, Palermo, ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to investigate the effects of an exercise test on the oxidative
status and endothelial function, in trained and untrained subjects, before and after a
cardiopulmonary test.
DESIGN AND METHOD We enrolled 60 male trained subjects (mean age 32.1 ± 9.2 yrs;
VO2max 34.0 ± 12.0 ml/min/Kg), subdivided in two subgroups of 30 subjects each,
according to the median value of VO2max (30.75 ml/min/Kg). The low VO2max group
had mean age 32.4 ± 8.0 yrs and VO2max 24.9 ± 4.0 ml/min/Kg. The high VO2max
group had mean age 31.9 ± 10.4 yrs and VO2max 43.1 ± 10.8 ml/min/Kg. The control
group included 19 male sedentary controls (mean age 32.9 ± 5.3 yrs; VO2max 20.9 ±
5.5 ml/min/Kg). Lipid peroxidation was evaluated by detection of the thiobarbituric
acid-reactive substances (TBARS); the NOx were evaluated employing the Griess
reagent.
RESULTS At rest, in comparison with sedentary controls, an increase in TBARS, NOx and
TBARS/NOx ratio was found in the whole group but also in the two subgroups of
trained subjects. After the cardiopulmonary test, the increase of TBARS and
TBARS/NOx ratio was significantly more evident in sedentary controls than in trained
subjects. No variation was observed for NOx in any group. There was no significant
difference between the two subgroups of trained subjects.
CONCLUSIONS Our data suggest that trained subjects are protected against the acute
oxidative stress induced by an exercise test, and this protection is not strictly
dependent on the aerobic fitness.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
OXIDATIVE STRESS, ANTIRADICAL POWER AND HORMONAL PROFILE IN PLASMA AND
SALIVA: APPLICATION IN SPORT PERFORMANCE
Authors
1
1
2,3
2
2
2
E. Doria , D. Buonocore , F. Angelini , A. Bonuccelli , A. Causarano , G. D'urbano ,
2
1,2,3
S. Catanese , F. Marzatico
Affiliations
1
2
Dip Biologia E Biotecnologie, Pavia, ITALY, Ac Siena Robur Tech (siena), Siena, ITALY,
3
Italian Society Of Sport Nutrition And Wellness (sinseb), Empoli, ITALY
Body
Oxidative stress, a condition defined as unbalancing between production of free
radicals and antioxidant defences, is an important index of health status to monitor
wellness and sport performance. Oxidative stress and inflammation are traditionally
associated with fatigue and impaired recovery from exercise and antioxidant could
play a positive role to reduced inflammation
markers and cortisol response. Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) is significantly
correlated with total testosterone in male subjects. Aim of this work is to obtain
preliminary data which correlate plasmatic oxidative stress (dROMs) with levels of
testosterone and cortisol (T/C) in saliva, recommended as good markers of training
stress during season of a team of the Italian Soccer League (Serie A). Saliva, in fact, as a
diagnostic blood mirror, represents a useful non-invasive analysis method in
replacement of the sample serum. Furthermore, during the same sport season we
assessed the antioxidant capacity in saliva samples from each player using a set-up
DPPH method. Obtained results were correlated with salivate acid uric level measured
by HPLC analysis. Moreover, we monitored also the immune function and the
inflammatory status of the examined players, analysing the
secreted
immunoglobulins and pro-inflammatory cytochins.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
DHA- RICH FISH OIL IMPROVES COMPLEX REACTION TIME IN FEMALE ELITE SOCCER
PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
2
2
1
3
H. Esteve , A. Pablos , L. Elvira , F. Guzmán , C. Pablos , C. Blasco , J.A. Villegas
Affiliations
1
2
Universidad Católica De Valenca, Torrent, SPAIN, Universidad De Valencia, Valencia,
3
SPAIN, Universidad Católica De Murcia, Murcia, SPAIN
Body
ESTEVE, H., PABLOS, A., ELVIRA, L., PABLOS, C., GUZMÁN, F., BLASCO, C., VILLEGAS, J.A.
UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DE VALENCIA, ESPAÑA.
OBJETIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of the Omega-3
docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on perceptual-motor processes, such as
complex reaction time, accuracy, and efficiency in elite female soccer players. The
second objective was to analyze possible differences in DHA effects when
supplementation is offered at the beginning versus the end of the soccer season.
DESIGN AND METHOD: The sample was composed of 34 elite professional female
soccer players, selected from two teams of the female soccer Spanish Super league. A
4-week, double-blind study was performed. The participants were administered a
supplementation of either DHA or a placebo. In each team, the participants were
randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. Athletes from the
experimental group received a 3.5 g·day-1 of DHA nutritional supplement, while
participants from the control group received only the placebo (olive oil), which did not
contain any Omega-3 fatty acids.To measure complex reaction efficiency we employed
a computerized task named “multiple reaction times” that presented visual and
auditory stimuli and registered responses accordingly.
RESULTS:Univariate contrast analysis showed effects of nutritional supplementation on
accuracy, efficiency and the interaction between the nutritional supplement and
experimental group on complex reaction time and efficiency.
CONLCUSIONS: The study suggest that supplementation with DHA produced
perceptual-motor benefits in female elite athletes, and that DHA could be a beneficial
supplement in sports where decision making and reaction time efficiency are of
importance.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
THE EFFECT OF CITRULLINE/MALATE ON PLASMA LACTATE LEVELS IN INTENSIVE
TRAINING
Authors
1
2
1
1
1
F. Kiyici , H. Eroglu , N. Kishali , A. Erzurumluoglu , G. Burmaoglu
Affiliations
1
1department Of Physical Education And Sports School Of Sport Sciences, Atatürk
2
Department Of Physical Education And Sport
University, Erzurum, TURKEY,
Kahramanmaras Sütcü Imam University, Kahramanmaras, TURKEY
Body
Twenty–two athletes were divided into two separate groups as placebo group (n = 11)
[age: 18.00 ± 2.00 years] and Stimol group (n = 11) [age: 21.57 ± 4.58 years]. The
athletes were subjected to intense training for 4 weeks, 4 days a week, mainly
pre-season strength and technique training. In this training period, stimol group
athletes were given stimol 3 times a day as 1 g for breakfast, 1 g for lunch, and 1 g for
dinner while the placebo group athletes were given only placebo in the same dosage
and the same color at the same time. Blood lactate levels in athletes were measured
prior to and after a one-month program as: rest (R), immediately after the training
(IAT), rest for 5 minutes (R 5m), and rest for 20 min (R 20m).
In intra-group comparison, no change was observed in plasma lactate levels in placebo
group while a significant difference was found in the levels of stimol group as p<0.05
with a 49.8% decrease in plasma lactate level. In the measurements between groups,
in the post-test measurements made after the training period, significant differences
as p <0.05 were found with a 60.7% decrease in plasma lactate level immediately after
exercise.As a result, considerable decline was seen especially immediately after
exercise in plasma lactate levels of the athletes being given stimol supplement. In this
case, we can say that Citrulline/Malate supplementation may contribute positively to
the performance of athletes.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS USE IN IRANIAN PROFESSIONAL PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
2
T. Seifbarghi , F. Halabchi , R. Mazaheri , K. Djafarian
Affiliations
1
Assistant Professor, Sports Medicine Research Center, Faculty Of Medicine, Tehran
2
University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN, Assistant Professor, Department Of
Nutrition And Bioch. , School Of Public Health, Tehran University Of Medical Sciences,
Tehran, IRAN
Body
Objective: Many athletes consume a considerable quantity of nutritional supplements
prior to a match; however there are extremely limited data available for Iranian
professional soccer players. The aim of current study was to assess the use of
nutritional supplements among Iranian top-level soccer players.
Design and method: Data were collected from 19 Iranian professional football clubs in
the two divisions during the first six matches of the season 2010-2011. Each team
physician was asked to document the type and frequency of vitamins, minerals and
nutritional supplements taken by team players in the 72 h prior to each match.
Results: 414 soccer players participated in the study. 81.6% of them used some form of
nutritional supplements. Multivitamins (52.4%) were the most popular supplements
among the players. Taking CarboMax was reported for 41.5% and Isostar for 34.8% of
players. Vitamin E, C and B complex were taken by 30%, 27.8% and 19.8% of soccer
players, respectively. Relatively few players were taking Creatine (4.3%).
conclusions: The use of nutritional supplements is very high among Iranian
professional soccer players. However, it is clear that for most of athletes with
adequate diet, consuming nutritional supplements is unnecessary. Therefore, the
regular use of nutritional supplements by Iranian professional soccer players merit
further investigations.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
NOVEL NATURAL COMPOUNDS WITH POTENTIAL TO PREVENT AND TREAT SKELETAL
MUSCLE ATROPHY
Authors
1
1
1
2
2
2
A. Torrent , P. Dalmau , R. Ruhi , K. Swiderski , J.E. Church , D.M. Baum , G.S. Lynch
2
Affiliations
1
2
Pharmaceutical & Nutraceutical R & D Dept., Bioiberica S.a., Barcelona, SPAIN, Basic
And Clinical Myology Laboratory, Department Of Physiology, The University Of
Melbourne, Victoria, AUSTRALIA
Body
OBJECTIVE - Chronic muscle inactivity and mechanical unloading (e.g. bed rest and
cast immobilization) result in skeletal wasting and weakness. The loss of muscle
function requires extensive and time-consuming physical rehabilitation. There is a
profound need to develop novel therapeutic strategies because current treatments are
ineffective. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of two
natural substances to combat muscle atrophy: an extract from rooster comb; IB0004
that contains mainly hyaluronic acid; and BIX003, another extract from porcine
cartilage, rich in bioactive substances.
DESIGN AND METHOD - An assay was performed to evaluate the potential to stimulate
proliferation of murine C2C12 muscle cells. Two different conditions were evaluated:
cells cultured with growth media (10%FBS) and cells cultured with low-serum media
(2%FBS). In another experiment, we evaluated whether IB0004 or BIX003 could
prevent muscle atrophy (i.e. myotube thickness) during serum starvation conditions.
RESULTS - IB0004 and BIX003 exerted little effect on cell proliferation in 10%FBS
growth serum, but they significantly stimulated proliferation in low-serum media after
48 hours treatment (131% and 48% increase, respectively). In addition, treatments
with either extract were able to counteract myotube atrophy compared with the 0%
control, as evident from a 20% reduction in myotube width.
CONCLUSIONS - The results indicate that BIX003 and IB0004 have potential anabolic
effects on muscle that could counteract cell atrophy under adverse conditions. Both
preparations may have therapeutic potential for preventing atrophy in muscle wasting
conditions such as disuse atrophy, sarcopenia, and other disorders. Studies in animal
models will be performed to confirm these promising in vitro findings.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC ASPECTS AND ANOMALIES DETECTED DURING THE MEDICAL
EXAMINATION OF NONCOUNTER-INDICATIONS TO THE PRACTICE OF THE HIGH LEVEL
SPORT: RESULT OF A SYSTEMATIC EVALUATION.
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
H. Adala , D. Koubaa , I. Fradi , A. Ben Halima , F. Azzouzi
Affiliations
1
Center National Medicine And Sciences Of The Sport, TUNISIA
Body
Introduction: The cardiovascular assessment during the first medical examination of of
noncounter-indications to the practice of the high level sport has systematically a heart Doppler
ultrasound according to the consensus of National Center for Sport's Medicine and
Science(NCSMS).
The objective: to study the data of the transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) performed
between 1998 and 2009 and to identify anomalies that having challenged the sports activity. In
light of these results, we discuss the need for a systematic prescription of the TTE.
Materials and Methods: We retrospectively studied the data of all the TTE carried out in the
NCSMS from 1998 to 2009 (4254 heart Doppler ultrasound performed).
The study population
was composed of 2253 sportsmen including 586 girls (26.1%) and 1667 boys (73.9%). They are
of average age of 20.58 ± 4. 2 years. It is composed of national team's members (31.5%),
professional players (9.23%), sporting pupils (50.19%) and arbitrators (9.23%).
Results: The unfitness from cardiac causes represents 68.7% of total unfitness. Twenty-three
cases (69.7%) of cardiac abnormalities incompatible with sport were detected by systematic TTE.
They represent 9.3% of all TTE and 1.02% of the explored sporting population. The average age
of detection of heart disease was 20.2 ± 5.34 years. These are 9 student athletes, 7 national
team members and 7 professional players. The sports are football, handball, athletics,
basketball, wrestling, swimming, taekwondo and judo. 52.1% of the sports played in Class IIC
of Bethesda.
Heart diseases observed in inables athletes were : mitral and / or aortic advanced degree
valvular disease (11 cases), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (6 cases ), congenital heart disease
(5 cases) and arrhythmogenic dysplasia of right ventricular (1 case)
The TTE has also detect cardiac abnormalities compatible with the practice of the sport. They
were mainly valvular anomalies (133 minimal mitral regurgitation, 126 rheumatic aortic
regurgitation, 117 mitral valve ballooning, 36 cases of minimal to moderate aortic regurgitation,
17 mitroaortiques leaks, 86 left ventricular hypertrophy and 6 small left-rights shunts). All these
anomalies were without impact on left ventricular function.
The systematic control of the ETT performed in 88 cases after more than 30 months showed no
significant differences in echocardiographic parameters.
Conclusion: The ETT seems to have main place in the assessment of noncounter-indication to
the practice of the competitive sports, particularly in average to strong of the BETHESDA
dynamic and static classes.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
PULSE CURVE OBTAINED DURING BRUCE TREADMILL TEST IN SENIOR SOCCER
PLAYERS
Authors
V. Antevska, J. Pluncevic Gligoroska, S. Petrovska, B. Dejanova, S. Nikolic, S. Mancevska
Affiliations
1
2
Feps, Odense, DENMARK, Macedonian Physiology And Anthropology Society,
Skopje, FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
Body
Introduction: Physical fitness in soccer players is related to a wide range of individual
abilities and consists of numerous motoric, physiological, psychomotor and
psychological parameters. High levels of these factors are necessary for the soccer
players to be able to fulfill all demands of the soccer game. Physical fitness of the
players is mostly dependent off their cardiovascular function.
Material and method: In this investigation we analyzed the results of the
cardiovascular stress test in a group of 150 male soccer players with a mean age of
24.03±4.45years. Method: The Bruce protocol was used as standardized
protocol
for the monitoring of cardiovascular function in exercising subjects. The object of
analyzes was the heart rate (HR) which is typically taken every minute during this
protocol.
Results: The heart rate curve during Bruce protocol treadmill test is composed of
heart beats per minute at the rest, during each minutes of the test and during the
recovery period. The mean values of the constituting points of this curve for the
investigated group of soccer players were: 0min=70,38; 1min=95,46; 2min=95,6;
3min=96,21; 4min=107,46; 5min=108,87; 6min=110,2; 7min= 121,86; 8min=123,64;
9min=126,15; 10min= 125,89, SF (recovery)= 125,89. The mean value of exercise time
(ET) was 13,41 minutes.
Conclusion: The data obtained from this study offers age appropriate normal data of
this cardiovascular parameter in active young adult soccer players and may be used as
reference values during treadmill exercise.
Reff:
Strudwick A, Reilly T, Doran D. Anthropometric and fitness profiles of elite players in
two football codes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2002;42(2):239-42.
Coh M, Tomazin K, Rausavljevic N. Differences in morphological and biodynamic
characteristics. Biol Sport 2007, 24(2):115-121
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
CARNITINE PALMITOYLTRANSFERASE II DEFICIENCY AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
E. Assisi , A. Nigro , F. Caretta , F. Quaranta , S. Livrieri , E. Ciminelli , F. Sperandii ,
8
9
F. Pigozzi , P. Borrione
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Health Sciences,university Of Rome, Foro Italico, Rome, ITALY, Sport
Medicine Institute Of Rome,villa Stuart Sport Clinic, Rome, ITALY
Body
Introduction: Carnitine palmitoyl-transferase II deficiency is an autosomal recessive
and rare disorder of the fatty acid beta-oxidation cycle. The best known is the
muscular form with episodic muscle necrosis, and paroxysmal myoglobinuria after
prolonged and strenuous exercise; it was rarely reported sudden cardiac death during
sport.
Case report: We report a case of a 34-year old male amateur soccer referee evaluated
for the annual pre-participation screening. He described a severe sense of myalgia,
after sport activities. Maximal exercise stress test, 24-hours electrocardiogram
monitoring and haematochemical exam (haemachrome, inflammatory parameters,
electrolytes) were normal. For this reason he was referred for a neurological
evaluation and successively for a muscle biopsy of the left deltoid that showed
carnitine palmitoyl-transferase II deficiency.
This deficit could be associated with episodes of cardiac arrhythmias and
rhabdomyolysis in particular conditions that increase the requirement for fatty acid
oxidation, such as low-carbohydrate, fasting, excessive cold, lack of sleep and
prolonged exercise.
Conclusions: The athlete was considered not eligible for competitive sports.
References:
Bonnefont JP et al. Carnitin Palmitoyl transferase Deficiencies. Mol Genet Metab 1999
Simmons Z et al. Muscle biopsy in the evaluation of patients with modestly elevated
creatine kinase levels. Muscle Nerve 2003
Warren JD et al. Rhabdomyolysis: A review. Muscle Nerve 2002
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
CORRELATION BETWEEN HEMODYNAMIC INDICES AND SPORTS CLASSIFICATION FOR
ITALIAN ORGANIZING CARDIOLOGICAL COMMITTEE ON SPORTS ELIGIBILITY (COCIS).
Authors
1
2
3
A. Castagna , C. Ruberto , G. Attisani
Affiliations
1
2
Ausl Di Modena - Uo Cure Primarie, Pavullo Nel Frignano, ITALY, Università Degli
3
Studi Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, ITALY, Centro Medico Fisios, Ravenna, ITALY
Body
The need to classify sports activities for scientific purposes has always been
counteracted by the difficulty in identifying criteria which have to be clear enough as
to providing a handy, simple and at the same time analytical classification, close to the
physiologic adaptations to each sport. The present investigation found in a
unselected population of athletes a relation of hemodynamic indices with sports
classification for COCIS. We assessed a population of 500 subjects [100 for group; 82
%males, age 34,82±9,6 years, BMI 24,83±2,61 Kg/m²], prospectively examined in Sport
Medicine clinics, matched for age, BMI and gender. The types of sports can be
divided into five groups in according to COCIS 2009. For all the variables, standard
statistical indices were calculated and distribution of frequencies of variables was
assessed. ANCOVA was used to compare the hemodynamic indices between groups. In
our population, Pulse Pressure were significantly greater among group D 2 (
49,55±8,41 mmHg; P=0,000) . Moreover, Pulse Pressure were significantly different
between groups (P=0,001), but not so SBP, DBP, MBP and HR. The main finding of our
study indicated a significant association between PP and Sport Classification. The
relation was independent of age, IMC and gender. An increase in PP reflects arterial
stiffening as a result of structural and functional change of vascular tree. The results
confirmed that both forms of training cause specific morphological changes in the
heart, dependent on the type of sport and that Pulse Pressure should discriminate to
more precisely characterize arterial function in athletes.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
TRASLAVAL MARATHON: ASSESSMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR FUNCTION DURING A
FOOT RACE IN FIVE STAGES AT HIGH ALTITUDE.
Authors
1
2
1
1
3
A. Cialfi , D. Di Mattia , S. Colombo , M. Viecca , C. Antona
Affiliations
1
Università Degli Studi Di Milano-ospedale Luigi Sacco-divisione Di Cardiologia, Milano,
2
ITALY, Fmsi-istituto Di Medicina Dello Sport.università Degli Studi Di Milano-ospedale
3
Luigi Sacco-divisione Di Cardiochirurgia, Milano, ITALY, Università Degli Studi Di
Milano-ospedale Luigi Sacco-divisione Di Cardiochirurgia, Milano, ITALY
Body
We considered the classic Dolomitic Marathon Traslaval, a foot race in five stages at
high altitude in Val di Fassa (Italy) that poses a hard challenge to Athletes, to assess
cardiac function during competition. The aim of the study was to evaluate the
modification of cardiac function during prolonged maximal workload. We decided to
perform three successive echocardiograms before and during the race breaks on 26
athletes who joined the study. All parameters collected over the three surveys
performed during the six competition days were similar and well distributed (first
control day 1: the day before the competition; second control day 4: rest after third
stage; third control day 6: the day after the fifth stage.). In that way the Athletes were
studied at maximal workload. The echocardiographic examinations showed a perfect
effort tolerance in all categories of Athletes. There were no abnormalities in cardiac
chambers and valves function. 2 Elite Athletes showed an echocardiographic evidence
of athlete’s heart. The data obtained emphasize the validity of the tests performed
during the annual medical evaluation in competitive Athletes. Even if the periodic
medical evaluation does not include a routine echocardiographic investigation it well
fits to the eligibility criteria of normal cardiac function and competitive sport.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
PHYSIOLOGY OF SOME POSSIBLE SERUM MARKERS FOR SPORT MEDICINE
MONITORING
Authors
1
1
2
3
1
1
B. Dejanova , S. Petrovska , V. Filipce , P. Dejanov , J. Pluncevic , S. Mancevska , V.
1
Antevska
Affiliations
1
Institute Of Physiology, Medical Faculty, Skopje, FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF
2
Clinical Laboratory, Medical Faculty, Skopje, FORMER YUGOSLAV
MACEDONIA,
3
REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA, Clinic Of Internal Medicine, Medical Faculty, Skopje,
FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
Body
Serum markers monitoring is important for well being of sport players during training
process. The aim of the study was to clarify possible parameters which may be
implemented as routine monitoring markers in sport medicine.
A number of 28 male subjects (sport amateurs) were examined at age of 25±4 years
who were exposed to 10 minute treadmill exercise (TE). The blood samples were taken
before and after TE, and after 24 hours of rest period (RP). None of the subjects used
nutritional supplements. Besides routine hematological parameters (RHP), creatine
kinase (CK), potassium (P), free radicals (D-rom) and lipid peroxidation (MDA) were
examined.
Increased value of CK was found after TE of 342±160 U/L compared to the value before
TE of 299±133 U/L (p<0.01). The value of D-rom was also found to be increased from
252±36 UCarr before TE to 274±66 UCarr after TE (p<0.01). Both values were found to
be decreased after the RP: CK (310±153 U/L) and D-rom (230±48 UCarr). No significant
differences were found in values of RHP, P and MDA before and after TE, and after RP.
Due to obtained results, we may conclude that higher CK level may correlate with
physical training condition and possible skeletal muscle damage. Higher D-rom
expressed increased free radical production during TE, which is not related to oxidative
stress. Unchanged P value is probably due to re-uptake mechanism kinetics. All
examined serum markers may give useful contribution in monitoring physiological
responses to achieve safer training programs and good health outcome.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
WOLFF-PARKINSON-WHITE SYNDROME AND SPORT: INCIDENCE, FOLLOW-UP AND ECG
IN PRE-ADOLESCENTS
Authors
1,2
1,2
1,2
1,2
F. Faiola , U. Luciani , G. Bianchi , M. Casasco
Affiliations
1
2
Italian Federation Of Sports Medicine, Fmsi, Rome, ITALY, Panathleticon, Sports
Medicine, Brescia, ITALY
Body
AIM: to analyze Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) incidence and evolution in
37202 subjects checked for competition eligibility.
METHODS: basal-ECG; stress-ECG; Holter-ECG; Electrophysiologic Testing (EP: to assess
arrhythmic vulnerability); annual follow-up.
INCIDENCE: 37 subjects with WPW (0.099%); 24 WPW at first visit, 13 WPW diagnosis
during follow-up (WPW onset: 15,7±2,2years); 10 constant-WPW, 27
intermittent-WPW (3 symptomatic for SVPT, 2 for VEB).
POPULATION: 24 subjects (13 abandoned); 9 c-WPW, 15 i-WPW; divided in 2 groups:
Group-A: 13 first visit WPW (5 i-WPW, 8 c-WPW; 15,8±5,3y), 1 with VEB; Group-B: 11
WPW during follow-up (after 2,4±1,4y; 4 i-WPW, 7 c-WPW; WPW onset: 15,6±2,3y), 2
with SVPT, 1 with VEB.
EP (16,3±5,6y): 16 with low arrhythmic risk, not ablated (16,8±3,9y); 8 ablated
(15,9±5,6y; 3 Group-A, 5 Group-B; 3 c-WPW, 5 i-WPW; 3 with SVPT, 1 with VEB).
FOLLOW-UP (5,5±2,0y after diagnosis, 3-10y): 1 low risk subject showed SVPT after
stress-test, required EP (4y after first, 22y) and ablation.
ECG COMPARISON: pre-diagnosis (Group-B, normal ECG: basalHR=69±10bpm;
bPQ=0,13±0,01s); diagnosis (bHR=73±13bpm; bPQ=0,10±0,03s); end follow-up (12
normal ECG: bHR=75±12bpm; bPQ=0,14±0,01s; 9 ablated, 3 ECG normalization 18,75%; 12 WPW low risk: bHR=72±13bpm; bPQ=0,09±0,02s).
CONCLUSIONS: WPW can be absent in pre-adolescent subjects, onset appears around
14-16 years; subjects can become symptomatic before and after arrhythmic valuation;
ECG could normalized in long period; ablation is not necessary or not suitable in all
subjects, usually it was performed in post-adolescent age. It seems important to carry
out an Holter-ECG annually to ascertain competition eligibility, since intense sport
activity can overstimulate anomaly conduction.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
ROLE OF THE TRANSTHORACIC ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY IN THE EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF
ISOLATED CONGENITAL CORONARY ARTERY ANOMALIES IN PAEDIATRIC PATIENTS
Authors
1
2
2
A. Ferrazza , A. Ammirati , F. Gimigliano
Affiliations
1
2
Cmph Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Centre, Rome, ITALY, Opbg Paediatric Hospital
Bambino Gesù, Rome, ITALY
Body
PURPOSE: the aim of our study is to evaluate the role of the trans thoracic
echocardiography (TTE) in the early diagnosis of the isolated congenital coronary
artery anomalies (ICCAA). METHODS: from January 2000 to October 2008, in about
38.000 consecutive children, TTE was performed. In order to diagnose ICCAA, were
evaluated: size of the ostium, presence of abnormal vessel inserting or continuous
shunt both into pulmonary artery, visualization of collaterals signals within the
inter-ventricular septum. The patients were divided into two groups; patients in group
1 had minor coronary artery anomalies. Patients in group 2 had major coronary artery
anomalies. All these patients had to undergo to coronary angiography, before surgery
or coil trans-catheter embolization. RESULTS: the diagnosis of ICCAA occurred in 18
patients: 11 males and 7 females ranging in age from 6 months to 14 years mean 8.50.
Only one patient, had symptoms. Patients in group 1 (n. = 14), had little coronary
artery fistula (CAF), in pulmonary artery. Patients in group 2 (n. = 4), had major
coronary artery anomalies: 2 cases with anomalous left coronary artery from the
pulmonary artery; 1 case with large CAF in right ventricle; 1 case with large CAF
between left coronary artery and pulmonary artery. CONCLUSIONS: TTE, enables to
perform the early diagnosis of coronary artery anomalies, as well severe, but still
clinically silent, in paediatric patients. The routine TTE, primary in young athletes, can
to have a basic role in the primary prevention of ischemic heart disease.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
PREVALENCE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF NEGATIVE T WAVES IN YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS’
BASAL ELECTROCARDIOGRAMS.
Authors
1
2,3
2
1,3
2
2
E. Guerra , F. Sperandii , A. Martino , F. Quaranta , E. Cavarretta , F. Guarracini ,
2
2
1
1,2
E. De Ruvo , L. Sciarra , F. Pigozzi , L. Calo'
Affiliations
1
2
Università Degli Studi Di Roma Foro Italico, Roma, ITALY, Policlinico Casilino, Dept.
3
Of Cardiology, Roma, ITALY, Villa Stuard Sport Clinic, Roma, ITALY
Body
Background: Pre-participation screening of athletes can reveal bizarre
electrocardiograms overlapping cardiac disease. Discerning the significance of these
findings is essential to prevent sudden death or diseases future to be. We wanted to
determine the prevalence and significance of T wave inversion in young athletes.
Methods: We evaluated 2261 athletes (mean age 12,4±2,5 years,range 8-18)
competing at regional level. All subjects were submitted to basal 12 leads
electrocardiogram and color Doppler echocardiogram.
Results
T wave inversion was recorded in 134 subjects (5,9 %). In right precordial leads it was
present in 128 athletes (5,6 %). In leads V1 to V2 in 89 athletes (3,9%) , 2
subjects showed Mitral valve prolapse, 2 patent foramen ovale. In leads V1 to V3 in 37
athletes (1,6%) ,1 subject showed Bicuspid aortic valve, 1 patent foramen ovale. In
leads V1 to V4 in 2 athletes (0,08 % : age 15 and 12 years old), with no evidence of
cardiac disease. In inferior leads DII-DIII-AVF in 2 or more adjacent leads T inversions
were present in 6 subjects (0,26 %), in 2 of them there was extention to lateral leads
V4 to V6 (0,08%). Of these, one with lateral extension (13 years old), presented
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Conclusions
T wave inversion is an extremely rare finding in subjects > 12 years old. The
coexistence in inferior and lateral leads is exceptional and can be the epiphenomena of
underlying cardiomyopathies requiring follow up for the possible development of
pathological phenotypes also in subjects apparently cardiomyopathy free.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY AFTER ASSUMPTION CLOZAPINE
Authors
1
A. Nigro , F. Quaranta, F. Sperandii, E. Cimenelli, E. Assisi, S. Livrieri, F. Caretta, P.
Borrione, F. Pigozzi
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Health Sciences- University Of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, ITALY, Sport
Medicine Institute Of Rome- Villa Stuart Sport Clinic, Rome, ITALY
Body
Introduction: It’s quite difficult to observe important ventricle dilatation in athletes,
especially in the presence
of normal electrocardiogram. Case report: We report
a case of a 24 years old soccer player, evaluated during the annual pre participation
screening, with negative family history. He suffered from mood disorder (therapy with
Clozapine, considered cardiotoxic). For this reason he underwent echocardiogram
showing a mild left ventricle dilatation with decreased ejection fraction (49%).
According to Italian guidelines for cardiologic eligibility we performed stress test,
24-hours electrocardiogram which resulted normal. Cardiac magnetic resonance
confirmed the echocardiogram results. Echo stress demonstrated a sufficient
increasing of ejection fraction during exercise (from 45% to 65%). He was suspended
from activity asking the psychiatrist to replace clozapine with another drug. During the
years ejection fraction improved up to 55%, therefore we allowed him to practice mild,
non competitive sport. Conclusion: We emphasize the importance of medical history
and echocardiogram to implement pre participation screening at the first evaluation.
References:
CESI ed. Cardiologic Protocols for Competitive Sport’s Qualification of the Italian
Committee for the Competitive Sport’s Qualification. 2009
Merrill DB et al Adverse cardiac effects associated with clozapine. J Clin
Psychopharmacol 2005 ;25:32-41
Suttmann I et al Clozapine and sudden death Lancet 2000;355:842-843
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
ISOLATED LEFT VENTRICULAR NON-COMPACTION: IS IT ALWAYS A CARDIOMYOPATHY?
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
B. Poscolieri , T. Vessella , F. Moretti , M. Bianco , V. Palmieri , P. Zeppilli
Affiliations
1
Sports Medicine Unit - Catholic University, Rome, ITALY
Body
Introduction
Isolated left ventricular non-compaction (IVNC) is a rare primary cardiomyopathy,
characterized by prominent left ventricular trabeculations and deep intratrabecular
recesses in continuity with the cavity. The diagnosis is mainly made using Jenni’s
echocardiographic criteria.
Since these criteria have been defined, a lot of incidental findings of IVNC were
identified in young asymptomatic athletes, causing troubles for sport eligibility.
Materials and methods
We present 14 young asymptomatic athletes with incidental finding of IVNC during
echocardiogram performed for different reasons. Diagnosis was confirmed by
Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
According to Italian Guidelines for competitive sports participation in athletes with
cardiovascular diseases, this condition is enough to make them not eligible for
competitive sports.
Results and conclusions
The eligibility was not accorded to 9/14: 4 had left ventricular dilatation with reduction
of ejection fraction (<50%); 4, ventricular arrhythmias; 1, left bundle branch block and
paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
The other 5 patients, instead, did not show any ECG/echocardiographic alteration,
except a limited non-compaction zone. They had normal left ventricular dimensions,
ejection fraction and diastolic function. Moreover, they did not present any
arrhythmias or symptoms.
Are they really cardiopathic?
We think not, because the IVNC diagnostic criteria are based only on morphological
ventricular alterations but do not consider clinical and functional parameters.
Therefore, we have allowed them to play at competitive levels and we have started a
three-month follow-up.
Further studies are needed to determine if these cases are a preclinical stage of IVNC,
an IVNC “benign” pattern or healthy hearts with prominent trabeculations.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
SYMPTOMATIC AND ASYMPTOMATIC CHILDREN WITH VENTRICULAR PREEXCITATION:
SAME RISK FOR SPORT PARTECIPATION
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
C. Di Mambro , M.S. Russo , D. Righi , M.S. Silvetti , M. Prosperi , F. Gimigliano , F.
1
Drago
Affiliations
1
Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù - U.o.c. Di Aritmologia, Palidoro (roma), ITALY
Body
The optimum management of children with ventricular preexcitation is not known, but
evaluation by an electrophysiological study before allowing participation in
moderate-to-severe high intensity competitive sport is recommended. OBJECTIVES. To
compare the electrophysiological characteristics of children with WPW syndrome and
children with asymptomatic ventricular preexcitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS.
Transesophageal atrial pacing, both at baseline condition and during isoproterenol
infusion or exercise testing, was performed in 44 symptomatic (mean age 10.5 years)
and 57 asymptomatic (mean age 12.3 years, P <0.001) consecutive children with
ventricular preexcitation .RESULTS. In baseline conditions, atrioventricular reentrant
tachycardia was induced in 9 (20.5%) symptomatic and in 6 asymptomatic patients
(10.5%, p NS); atrial fibrillation was induced in 12 (27.3%) symptomatic and in 12 (21%,
p NS) asymptomatic patients. A minimum preexcited RR interval <250 ms during
atrial fibrillation was present in 2 symptomatic (16.6%) and in 4 asymptomatic patients
(33.3%, p NS). During isoproterenol infusion/exercise test, atrioventricular reentrant
tachycardia was induced in 28 symptomatic (73.7%) and in 20 (37% of the 54 patients
studied, p <0.001) asymptomatic patients; atrial fibrillation was induced in 9
symptomatic (23.7%) in 18 asymptomatic (33.3%, p NS). A minimum preexcited RR
interval <210 ms was present in 5 symptomatic (55.5 %) and in 6 (33.3 %, p NS)
asymptomatic patients. CONCLUSION. Atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia is more
inducible in symptomatic children with ventricular preexcitation than in asymptomatic
ones, but, between these two groups, there is no difference in term of atrial
vulnerability and parameters related to the risk of sudden death
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
BONE MINERAL DENSITY CHANGES IN YOUNG MALE ATHLETES AFTER STRENUOUS
ACTIVITY
Authors
1
1
2
3
1
E. Stefas , K. Manavis , D. Alaseirlis , V. Panoutsakopoulos , M. Kotzamanidou , K.
4
Natsis
Affiliations
1
2
Greek Handball Federation, Athens, GREECE,
General Hospital Of Giannitsa,
3
Giannitsa, GREECE, Department Of Physical Education & Sport Science, Aristotle
4
University Of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GREECE, Medical School, Aristotle University
Of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GREECE
Body
Objective: To determine the effect of intensive sports activity on Bone Mineral Density
of young male handball athletes.
Design and methods: 16 male athletes all members of the Hellenic Handball National
Junior Team aged from 17 to 21. BMD was measured by dual energy X-ray
absorptiometry (DEXA) using Hologic QDR-instrument at the lumbar spines (L1-L4).
First measurement was made one day before the beginning of the preseason training
camp and the second a day after the last preseason training. All athletes followed the
same training program.
Results: At the first measurement the athletes had a BMD mean value 1.344 ± 0.451
while at the second 1.361 ± 0.386.
Conclusions: The majority of the athletes (68.75%) had an increase of their BMD value
proving that the characteristics of handball have high positive osteogenic effects.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
FOCUSED TRANSTHORACIC ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY BY SPORTS MEDICINE PHYSICIANS
TO DETECT HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY IN ATHLETES
Authors
1
1
2
E. Yim , G. Corrado , F. Basilico
Affiliations
1
2
Children's Hospital Boston - Division Of Sports Medicine, Boston, USA, New England
Baptist Hospital - Division Of Cardiology, Boston, USA
Body
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether sports medicine physicians can be taught to use
focused echocardiography to obtain measurements pertinent to hypertrophic
cardiomyopathy.
DESIGN AND METHOD: Thirty male collegiate athletes, aged 18-21, were prospectively
enrolled. Focused, portable echocardiography was performed by a sports medicine
physician and a physician in training, followed by formal echocardiography within two
weeks by a registered sonographer. A left parasternal long-axis view was acquired to
measure three dimensions in end-diastole: 1) interventricular septal wall, 2) left
ventricular internal diameter, and 3) left ventricular posterior wall.
RESULTS: Intraclass correlation coefficients between the sports medicine physician
and the sonographer were strong: 0.77 for interventricular septal wall, 0.73 for left
ventricular internal diameter, and 0.64 for left ventricular posterior wall. These
correlation coefficients were comparable to those found in studies comparing portable
and formal echocardiography between sonographers.
Correlation coefficients
between measurements by the physician in training and sonographer were
strong-to-moderate: 0.61 for interventricular septal wall, 0.62 for left ventricular
internal diameter, and 0.63 for left ventricular posterior wall. Across all three
readers, intraclass correlation coefficients calculations were 0.77 for interventricular
septal wall, 0.81 for left ventricular internal diameter, and 0.75 for left ventricular
posterior wall. This indicated strong interrater agreement.
CONCLUSION: With appropriate training, sports medicine physicians can obtain
measurements through focused echocardiography that are relevant to hypertrophic
cardiomyopathy and close to the gold standard. With further research and
validation, a focused echocardiography protocol could serve as the basis for a novel
screening approach to detect hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in athletes.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
PREOPERATIVE PHYSIOTHERAPY RELATED TO FASTER RETURN TO PLAY AFTER
SHOULDER ARTHROSCOPY IN OVERHEAD ATHLETES
Authors
1
2
1
3
1
D. Alaseirlis , L. Nakou , L. Stefas , K. Manavis , T. Moumtzidelis , N. Malliaropoulos
4
Affiliations
1
2
General Hospital Of Giannitsa, Dept Of Orthopaedic Surgery, Giannitsa, GREECE,
3
General Hospital Papanikolaou, Dept Of Neurosurgery, Thessaloniki, GREECE,
4
Handball Hellenic Federation, Thessaloniki, GREECE, National Track And Field Center,
Thessaloniki, GREECE
Body
Aim: To present the impact of preoperative physiotherapy on returning to play after
shoulder arthroscopy in overhead athletes.
Materials and Methods: Thirty two overhead athletes (mean age: 27 years old)
received arthroscopic surgery for rotator cuff tear. Patients were divided in two
subgroups of sixteen patients each. Patients in both groups received a common
postoperative rehabilitation of intermediate mobilization, while patients in group A
received preoperative physiotherapy for improving range of motion and
strengthening.. There were no significant differences concerning various parameters,
between the two groups.
Results: A painful stiffness was present in two patients of group A and in five patients
of group B on 6th postoperative month, and in none and two patients respectively on
12th postoperative month. In the same period, patients of group A presented a mean
UCLA score of 31 and a mean Constant Shoulder score of 88, where as patients of
group B presented mean scores of 29 and 74 respectively. Twelve patients (75%) of
group A and eight patients (50%) of group B were able to return to the previous level
of vigorous sports activities on the 6th postoperative month. On the 12th
postoperative month, there were no significant differences between groups A and B,
concerning outcome scores and returning to pre-injury level of sports activities.
Conclusions: Preoperative physiotherapy resulted in faster recovery and return to play
after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in overhead athletes on 6th postoperative month.
There was no significant impact on longer postoperative periods.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
AYURVEDIC COMBINATION ADVANCED INTEGRATED TREATMENT APPROACH IN
MANGEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF ACUTE AND CHRONIC SPORTS INJURIES
Authors
1
1
P. Arshad , N. Sabna
Affiliations
1
Daisman Ayurkendra, Integrated Sports Medicine & Nutrition Research Centre,
Kondotty, Kerala, INDIA
Body
Objective
Recurrent injuries and repeated surgical intervention may take long time to recover
and athletes may lose one or two season taken as serious fact. Unique approach of
management of sports injuries with combined approach of Ayurveda (Indian system of
medicine), physiotherapy and Yoga has attained excellent results within shorter span
of time compared to modern surgical interventions in various cases. Research in
Ayurvedic sports medicine has concreted the results with evidence for more than 2000
cases.
Materials & Method
Treatment methodology consists of Ayurvedic medication, manipulation treatment
(Marma therapy), Oil massage, ROM exercises, Strength training, PNF, along with
physiotherapy modalities, muscle stimulators, various Deep heat therapies (oil heat,
stone heat, herbal leaves bundle heat, dried herbal powder heat, sand and salt bag
heat), bandaging with herbal combinations. Patient selected from both sporting field
and general public and period of treatment was varying in different cases.
Result
Study of
27 rotator cuff tear, 35 meniscus tears grade 2 & 3, 25 Groin injuries, 46
tennis elbows, 34 plantar fasciitis remarkably recovered with this treatment and
recurrence was very less compared to other treatment protocol. Cases like acute and
chronic Ankle sprain, low back ache, groin injuries, fractures.
Conclusion
This method found very effective in management of many chronic sports injuries
unanswered by all kinds of system even after surgery. Post traumatic stiffness was
very negligible. Treatment and external massage with various ‘oils’ found to be
improving strength, tone, endurance and power of the muscle group.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
BACK TO SPORT AFTER CARDIAC SURGERY.
Authors
1
2
3
2
2
2
D. Di Mattia , A. Mangini , A. Cialfi , M. Contino , C. Romagnoni , C. Antona
Affiliations
1
Fmsi-istituto Di Medicina Dello Sport.università Degli Studi Di Milano-ospedale Luigi
2
Università Degli Studi Di
Sacco-divisione Di Cardiochirurgia, Milano, ITALY,
3
Milano-ospedale Luigi Sacco-divisione Di Cardiochirurgia, Milano, ITALY, Università
Degli Studi Di Milano-ospedale Luigi Sacco-divisione Di Cardiologia, Milano, ITALY
Body
Nowadays sporting activity accompanies most people during all ages of life. Athletes
who previously underwent cardiac surgery almost always lose the opportunity to
regain eligibility for competitive sports and even for sporting activities. In our study we
have considered subjects, aged between 16 and 82 years, who required reparative or
substitutive heart surgery between January 2001 and December 2011. In particular we
have considered the patients who have undergone reparative surgery of the aortic
valve with no prosthetic valve implant, a gold standard surgery in our division. All
subjects underwent preoperative echocardiography and most of them hemodynamic
study. Three months after surgery all of them were studied with an ECG, an
Echocardiogram, a Holter, an Exercise ECG Test and had clinical evaluation. None of
the subjects took prohibited drugs according to WADA rules, or oral anticoagulant
therapy. Among 211 patients between 17 and 79 years who underwent reparative
aortic procedures, 32 were non-competitive and 4 were competitive Athletes. In this
group 159 subjects had clinical and instrumental criteria for practice of a competitive
sports (in accordance with Italian COCIS protocols).The current heart surgery and
especially aortic valve reparative surgery return to sport a huge number of cardiac
patients that in the early past were not able to meet the standard criteria of eligibility
for sporting competitive and non-competitive activities.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
POST-SURGICAL EVOLUTION AND PERFORMANCE OF THE VENEZUELAN NATIONAL
GYMNASTS TEAM 2010-2012
Authors
1
A. Escobar , T. Pena, L. Bustamante, R. Alvarenga
Affiliations
1
2
Unidad De Rehabilitacion, Maracay, VENEZUELA, Mindeporte, Caracas, VENEZUELA,
3
4
Mindeporte, Caracas, VENEZUELA, Mindeporte, Caracas, VENEZUELA
Body
We performed the evaluation and management of gymnasts from the Venezuelan
National Team who had sports injuries that merited surgical treatment 2010-2012.
Objective: To describe the clinical course of post-surgery gymnasts sports injuries and
to determine their performance and efficiency with post-surgical rehabilitation.
Material and Methods: Field study, prospective of 5 gymnasts that had sports injuries
during competition and / or training, and who were treated by means of surgical
techniques. Evaluation Scores (Score of Lysholm-knee and Score of AOFAS-ankle) were
applied and a pain analog scale for the follow up and evolution of the cases. Recovery
program, physiotherapy, return to training, results, and time to reach performance
after surgery. Results: N: 5 athletes: 3 females and 2 males. Knee injures: 4 (3 rightknee, 1 left-knee). Achilles tendon ruptures: 1. Meniscopathy 3. Ruptures of anterior
cruciate ligament: 2. Medial collateral ligament: 1. Bicep femoris tendonitis: 1.
Syndrome of iliotibial band: 1. Complete rupture of Achilles tendon: 1. Surgical
techniques: Arthroscopy: 4. Reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament with selftransplant: 1. With allo- transplant: 1. With LARS artificial transplant: 1. Meniscopathy
surgery: 3. Thermal chondroplasty: 4. Shockwave biosurgery: 2. implant with plasma
rich in PRGF growth factors: 3. The athlete with Achilles tendon repair classified to
the Olympic Games at 1 year two months post-surgery. Return to training and/or
competitions were possible in 100% of the cases. Conclusion: procedures and surgical
techniques used on gymnasts, together with rehabilitation proved effective to make
athletes return effectively to both training and competitions
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
FUNCTIONAL AND NATURAL THERAPY IN REHABILITATION
Authors
1
G. Iachelli
Affiliations
1
Asp, Ragusa, ITALY
Body
Aim: In the absence of shared international guidelines of rehabilitation in the
muscle-skeletal field, the present work intends demonstrating the utility of employing
in muscle-skeletal pathologies, natural substances and functional methods .
Materials and Methods: Two groups of athletes with muscle-skeletal pathologies have
been followed and both of them underwent case history, functional clinical
examination and ultrasound scan.
A traditional pharmacological-rehabilitation path was prescribed to the first group,
whereas the second group was prescribed a collagen local injection along with some
stretching.
After the therapy ultrasound monitoring was made.
Results: The monitoring underscored a clinical recovery faster than the one of the
examination group, a quicker sport recovery and less relapses.
Conclusions: The rational association of natural methods can be taken into
consideration for the purposes of rehabilitation paths both in the sports and other
fields, avoiding medicines side effects on the one hand and achieving better results on
the other.
Bibliography:
1.Mackey A.L. etAl. – Changes in human muscle collagen content following exercise.
Muscle Res Cell Motil, 2002; 23-9.
2.MILANI L.– Un nuovo e raffinato trattamento iniettivo delle patologie algiche
dell’Apparato locomotore. Le proprietà bio-scaffolddel collagene e suo utilizzo clinico.
La Med. Biol., 2010/3; 3-15.
3.Bandy WD, Irion JM, Briggler M: The effect of static stretch and dynamic
range of motion training on the flexibility of the hamstring muscles. J Orthop Sports
Phys Ther 1998;27(4):295-300.
4.Osternig LR, Robertson RN, Troxel RK, et al: Differential responses to
proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretch techniques. Med Sci Sports
Exerc 1990;22(1):106 -111
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN RISK FACTOR WITH BLOOD PRESSURE IN YOUNG ATHLETES OF
BOTH SEXES
Authors
1
C. Cavina Varela , G. Cointry, C. Cuesta
Affiliations
1
Meds Sports Medicine, Rosario, ARGENTINA
Body
Cavina C, Cointry G, Cuesta C.
MEDS Sports Medicine, Department of Physical Fitness Tests. Rosario, Santa Fe
Argentina.
Objectives
Study association between body fat percentages, waist-hip index, body mass index,
with high normal blood pressure and determining the incidence of Risk Factors on the
high normal pressure and normal pressure in adolescent athletes of both sexes.
Methods
Study was conducted observational, cross-adolescent athletes of both sexes (n =
929). In 156 women divided into groups of 12-15 years (n = 94) and 16-20 years (n =
62) and in 773 men aged 12-15 years (n = 421) and 16-20 years (n = 352) to which he
took anthropometric measures: percentage of body fat by bioelectrical impedance
method, body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (ICICA), and systolic and diastolic
sitting in three opportunities separated by two minute intervals. Normal blood
pressure was considered below the values of 120/80 mmHg, and high normal blood
pressure between 120/80 to 139/89 mmHg. (JNC VII).
Results
In the group of male and female athletes 12 to 20 years, have found association
between body mas index and blood pressure (p = 0.001). Also the percentage of body
fat association, with high normal blood pressure in athletes male between sixteen and
twenty years (p = 0.002).
Conclusions:
We conclude that high normal blood pressure is present significantly in adolescent
athletes of both genders, with elevated body mass index, waist-hip index and percent
body fat.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM ALTERATIONS AND INCREASED SEDENTARY TIME IN
YOUNG OVERWEIGHT SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
G. De Giacomi , F. Tosi , F. Gervasi , R. Sala , A. Solbiati , C. Vigo , M. Malacarne , S.
8
9
10
Respizzi , M. Pagani , D. Lucini
Affiliations
1
2
Rehabilitation Department, Irccs, Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Milan, ITALY, Centro
3
Terapia Neurovegetativa University Of Milan, Milan, ITALY, School Of Sport Medicine ,
University Of Milan, Milan, ITALY
Body
Exercise counters the increase risk for chronic cardio-metabolic diseases produced by
obesity. The related mechanisms are multifarious and among them the autonomic
nervous system may play a role. We address the hypothesis that overweight might
influence autonomic nervous system performance even in physically active children.
We study a group of 103 (age 11.2±1yrs) young male soccer players ,( soccer time: 5.5
hours/week). Autonomic nervous system is evaluated by autoregressive spectral
analysis of HR and SAP variabilities. We also quantify the week time spent walking or
doing moderate or vigorous exercise and estimate accumulated METs and week time
spent in sedentary activities. We subdivide the total population in two groups as per
BMI centiles (normal weight: n=92, age 11.1±1yrs; overweight: n= 11, age 10.7±1yrs).
Results show that young overweight soccer players are characterized, as compared to
normoweight players, by increased systolic arterial pressure (113±4 vs 100±1 mmHg),
increased marker of sympathetic modulation to the vasculature (12±3 vs 4.5±1
mmHg2) and a reduced gain of overall baroreflex mechanisms (19±3 vs 33±3
msec/mmHg) (all reported differences are significant p<0.02), suggesting an
altered autonomic control of the circulation.
We observe a significant (r=0.486, p<0.001) correlation between total sedentary time
and body weight.
These findings suggest that playing soccer alone is not sufficient to counteract the
harmful autonomic effects of overweight in young soccer players, and that a more
integrated approach, focused on reducing sedentary time and healthy nutrition, should
be introduced in routine training in order to improve the well-known beneficial effect
of structured exercise.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
BIOCHEMICAL MARKERS IN OPEN WATER MEXICAN SWIMMERS
Authors
1
A. Del Villar Morales , A. Pegueros Perez
Affiliations
1
Instituto Nacional De Rehabilitacion, Mexico, MEXICO
Body
Open-water swimming is an endurance sport that requires continuous disposable
energy; so it is important to clarify the metabolic substrates utilized in open water
swim to determinate the most optimal feeding during competition.
The aim of this study is to identify the biochemical changes during long time training in
Mexican swimmers that were trained for attempting to swim the English Channel.
Three well-trained open-water swimmers participate in 8-hour training in a cold-water
lake (18ºC). Blood samples were taken from central vessels at the beginning, 2, 4, 6
and 8 hours during the training. They had a drink with the same feeding compose
containing carbohydrates and protein with a 4:1 ratio. The blood samples were
centrifuged immediately and glucose, urea, CK, creatinine, triglycerides, cholesterol,
HDL cholesterol and uric acid were measure in a Reflotron Plus by Roche. There was an
association between glucose and triglycerides levels vs. time that permits to estimate
the energy substrate used during the swimming. The protein metabolism markers
(urea, ck) were increased but they did not reach levels that indicate their use as an
energy substrate; one of the swimmers was a higher responder of CK. The aerobic
characteristic of this sport is evident since HDL cholesterol levels reach the higher
range that the instrument can measure (100 mg/dL).
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
INCIDENCE OF INJURY IN POWER-LIFTERS AND STRONGMEN
Authors
1
2
2
E. Hodzovic , B. Hickey , P. Hak
Affiliations
1
2
Royal Glamorgan Hospital, Cardiff, UNITED KINGDOM, Morriston Hospial, Swansea,
UNITED KINGDOM
Body
Objective
Both powerlifting and strongman as sports involve lifting heavy weights and often
awkward implements very different to normal weight-training. These unique
circumstances can lead to common and potentially serious injury. Despite this, the
data on injuries sustained during training and competing is lacking. We aimed to
define the type of injury and injury rate to allow comparisons to be drawn with
different sports.
Design and method
An anonymous online short survey was distributed on a popular online
strongman/power-lifting forum viewed by lifters varying from amateur to international
athletes.
Results
106 responses were obtained with a mean age of 27.6 years. A large majority
(72.8%) had competed at either sport. The mean time spent training was 35.9 months
for a mean of 7.7hours per week. A total 166 injuries, defined as causing time off
training, work or competition, were sustained. Only 18.9% (n=20) of the responders
remained totally injury free. The injuries sustained equated to 10.3 per 1000 hours
trained although when minor injuries (only requiring adjustment to training rather
than time off) such as tendonitis, minor muscle pulls and strains were removed this
was reduced to 4.5 injuries per 1000 hours. Performance enhancing drug use was 26%
among respondents.
Conclusions
The results show the injury rate is extremely high in the sport, which is previously
undocumented. There are a number of factors that could cause this and they include
the nature of the sports (heavy and awkward equipment), lack of
supervision/instruction during training and a relatively high proportion of PED use.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
DOES THE AEROBIC TRAINING AND THE EXPERIENCE IN HARNESS USE INFLUENCE THE
ONSET OF SUSPENSION TRAUMA?
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
F. Lanfranconi , L. Pollastri , M. Bartesaghi , V. Scotti , M. Novarina , C. Molteni , H.
1
1
Vergani , G. Miserocchi
Affiliations
1
1department Of Experimental Medicine, Laboratory Of Clinical Physiology And Sport
Medicine, University Of Milano-bicocca, Monza, ITALY
Body
Introduction: following a fall, the subject hanging on the harness and waiting for
rescue may incur into the risk of a lethal multivisceral hypoxia distress due to
orthostatic stasis named “suspension trauma”. To this condition are exposed all the
workers involved in work at height. Purpose: evaluate by non-invasive methods if the
aerobic fitness and/or experience in harness use relate to the risk of developing
suspension trauma. Methods: forty adults (mean±st.dev: age 39.1±8.2; body mass
index 24.2±3.03; 85% males, 15% females) were enrolled: 16 were regular users of
harness, 14 regularly involved in physical training but were not users of harness and 10
controls. Each subjects underwent: a) an incremental exercise test on treadmill until
exhaustion; b) a motionless suspension test until medical signs of orthostatic
intolerance appeared or extreme subject discomfort was reported (suspension time
recorded). Oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood pressure were measured, as well as
brain oxygenation status by near-infrared spectroscopy. Results: No difference in the
mean suspension time was found in the 3 groups (average of all participants 28.7±11.4
min (range 8-56), coefficient of variation 40%). No correlation was found between the
level of aerobic fitness and suspension time. A decrease in brain oxygenation was
evident in all participants before the development of signs of pre-syncope. Conclusion:
the experience in use of harness and the aerobic fitness do not correlate with the
suspension time and thus the onset of developing suspension trauma. Reference:
Seddon P. Harness suspension: review of existing information. Contract research
report 451/2002.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
DETERMINATION AND COMPARISON OF BODY FAT PERCENTAGE AND BODY MASS
INDEX IN TWO MEXICAN SCHOOL POPULATIONS WITH DIFFERENT LEVEL OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Authors
1
2
3
H. Martinez Melendez , L. Tiznado Peña , A. Pegueros Pérez , C. Ibarra Ponce De Leon
4
Affiliations
1
2
3
Mexican Sports Comition, 1, MEXICO, Mexican Sports Comition, 2, MEXICO,
4
National Institute Of Rehabilitation, 3, MEXICO, National Institute Of Rehabilitation,
4, MEXICO
Body
OBJECTIVE
Determine and describe the behavior of fat percentage and Body Mass Index in two
school populations, with different level of physical activity.
DESIGN AND METHODS
A study, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, which consisted of an
anthropometric assessment to determine the fat percentage and body mass index at
school athletes and nonathletes, aged between 7 and 17. Estimating the percentage
of body fat with the main equations used in the age range described. Comparison of
percent body fat was performed using T tests for independent samples, considering
difference between groups when p <0.05.
RESULTS
The sample consisted of 252 school athletes and 67 non-athletes. The comparison of
percent body fat between groups by age and sex, shows significant difference (<0.005)
in group age of 10 and 12 years, with most affected males. Stratification by body mass
index percentile presented no significant difference between groups, but the group of
non-athletes had the highest number of subjects at risk of obesity and obesity.
CONCLUSIONS
The results obtained demonstrate that physical activity aimed at a high level of
competition is an important factor to maintain a body mass index in percentiles and
percentage of fat normally. Was determined that there is also significant difference in
fat percentage between male athletes and nonathletes, this results infers that physical
activity provided by the basic education system in Mexico is insufficient to maintain a
healthy body fat percentage and body mass index percentile in normal range. The
high body fat in childhood increases the cardiovascular disease and metabolic
diseasesin adulthood.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
NITTOLI SKIP TEST
Authors
1
C. Nittoli
Affiliations
1
Centro Fisiosport, Macerata, ITALY
Body
Definition
Rapid submaximal cardiovascular motor skills test for adolescent athletes.
Procedure
Subjects are required to perform a strenuous exercise for 1 minute 20 seconds by
running on the spot, raising the knees bringing the thigh up to a horizontal position at
each step, at a rate of 2 steps per second.
Evaluation
Heart rate is measured after the test and is then assessed using the IRI index of
physical fitness.
After 1 minute the heartbeat is measured for 30 seconds. The following calculation is
applied:
12000/(5.5 × number of beats counted)
Advantages
- The Nittoli Skip Test can be conducted much more quickly than the conventional step
test, with consequent significant time saving. If we compare the 5-minute total
procedure time of the Nittoli Skip Test to the 30-minute total procedure time for the
conventional step test we observe an extraordinary time saving of about 83%.
- The test is simple to administer.
- No equipment is required.
Research Proof
- Results from the Nittoli Skip Test have been demonstrated to be identical to those
from similar fitness tests (e.g. step test).
E.g. In a controlled comparison between Step and Skip tests: BP 140/90; HB at rest 85;
Step 130: IRI 56.4 (58); Skip 135: IRI 54.4 (60).
Note
- The Nittoli Skip Test
elderly.
is only suitable for adolescents – not for young children or the
Carlo Alberto Nittoli
Via E. Ricci 52 - 62100 Macerata (MC) - Italy
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
NASAL CARRIER OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN AMERICAN FOOTBALL, RUGBY,
JUDO ATHLETES
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
3
K. Suzuki , K. Gouchi , T. Shimazaki , S. Kiryu , T. Masuchi , T. Furukawa , K. Masuchi
4
2
4
4
3
4
1
, T. Matsumoto , H. Okada , K. Yamaguchi , A. Nakagawa , K. Komata , K. Tagami
Affiliations
1
Laboratory Of Exercise And Environmental Health, Faculty Of Health And Sports
2
Sciences, University Of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, JAPAN, Laboratory Of Coaching Study
3
Faculty Of Health And Sports Sciences, University Of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, JAPAN,
Laboratory Of Rugby Coaching Study, Faculty Of Health And Sports Sciences, University
4
Of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, JAPAN, Laboratory Of Judo Coaching Study, Faculty Of Health
5
And Sports Sciences, University Of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, JAPAN, Sports Research And
Development Division Core, University Of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, JAPAN
Body
Introduction: Contact sports provide players more opportunity Staphylococcus aureus
(SA) for infections due to skin trauma from turf burns, shaving, and contact with
secretions and body fluids. SA is spread via direct contact with persons and contact via
environmental surfaces. However, there are some variations in risk of SA infections
among the contact sports. In this study, we clearly defined American football and other
contact sports based on nasal carrier of SA.
Methods: Athletes participating in the Tsukuba University American football (N = 43),
rugby (N= 69) and Judo (N = 57) were invited to participate in the study. we obtained
swab specimens from the anterior nares of all athletes and environmental surface at
each month. Rotaed the swab in the anterior nares, placing the swabs in PBS, and
promptly delivering them to the laboratory. An aliquot was plated onto paired
mannitol Compact Dry X-SA (CD-XSA; Nissui Pharmaceutical). Each sample were
cultured on CD-XSA for 24h at 35C.
Results and Conclusions: From July 2011 through December 2011, a total of 555 nasal
swabs from 148 athletes were positive for SA. At any one time, SA nasal colonization
rate ranged from 34-56% (American football), 10-25% (Rugby football), 17-20% (Judo).
These results demonstrated as follow: 1) Rate of nasal colonization of SA was differ
among contact sports athletes. 2) During the athletic season, there is considerable
burden of SA colonization in American football and Rugby athletes. 3) Strengthening
and conditioning equipments of proper disinfection may have contributed to SA
infection.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
THE EFFECTS OF TRAINING, DETRAINING AND RETRAINING
ON BLOOD
PARAOXONASE AND ARYLESTERASE ACTIVITIES IN CHILD SWIMMERS
Authors
1
2
3
F. Turgay , M. Ongun , M. Colakoglu
Affiliations
1
2
Ege University, School Of Physical Education And Sports, Sports, Izmir, TURKEY, Ege
3
University, School Of Physical Education And Sports, Sports, Izmir, TURKEY, Ege
University, School Of Physical Education And Sports, Sports, Izmir, TURKEY
Body
Aim: Paraoxonase is an antioxidant enzyme, occurring in high density lypoprotein
(HDL), has both paraoxonase (PON1) and arylesterase (AE) activities. It is unclear the
effects of long term swimming season on these enzyme activities. We aimed to
investigate the effects of training (TP), detraining (DTP) and retraining periods (RTP) of
one complete swimming season on
PON1 and AE activities in swimmers.
Materials and Methods: 19 trained, healthy and 10-12 years old male swimmers are
joined the study. Three measurements sessions were planned. The initial
measurement session (TP) was realized 4 days after Turkish National Swimming
Championship which is held at the end of swimming season, following measurement
session was conducted after two months of detraining period (DTP) and the last
measurement was done after the first 8 weeks training period subsequent swimming
season (RTP). Blood PON1, salt-stimulated PON1 (SSPON1) and AE activities and
HDL-C levels as biochemical parameters were analyzed after an overnight starvation at
the end of TP, DTP and RTP. The statistics (p<0,05) value was accepted as a signifance
level.
Results: Blood PON1 and SSPON1 activities did not changed from TP to RTP, while AE
activity deacreased by DTP and recovered to TP values after RTP. These undulations in
AE activity were independent from HDL cholesterol. Blood HDL-C was not changed by
DTP, but significantly decreased by RTP. There was no correlation between HDL-C with
PON1 and AE activities.
Conclusions:
PON1 and SSPON1 enzyme activities seems unaffected from training status. Detraining
may diminish AE enzyme activity while retraining seems to have a recovering effect,
HDL-C levels was decreased by retraining period. An unindependency in AE activity and
HDL-C levels variations were observed.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
INCIDENCE AND PROGNOSTICATORS FOR INJURIES IN BELGIAN SOCCER PLAYERS:
EVOLUTION OVER THE PAST DECADE
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
L. Vanlommel , P. Bollars , S. Claes , J. Bellemans , K. Corten
Affiliations
1
University Pellenberg, Leuven, BELGIUM
Body
This nation-wide study evaluated whether the incidence of football injuries in
Belgium have changed over the past ten-year period as well the influence of possible
prognosticators for football injuries.
The database of the national Belgian Football Association, representing 416,000
football players was searched for all injury reports. The injury data from season
99-00 and season 09-10 were recorded and compared for incidence of injuries, type of
injury, and timing of injury.
In season 99-00 there were 417,462 players and a total of 31,493 injuries were
reported, with an average of 0.075 injuries per player per. In season 09-10, 415,934
players were member, with a total of 24,280 injuries . The average number of injuries
per player per season was significantly lower in 09-10 (0.058), a reduction of 23%
compared to the first season. Gender was an important risk factor with a significantly
lower relative risk in female players and top level players in the National
competition had a significantly lower relative risk compared to amateur level players.
The mean age of all players was 21.8 years, with a significantly lower risk for youth
players compared to adult players. The vast majority (65%) of injuries occurred during
competition, whereas 35% occurred during training activities.
Despite the proposed increase in sportive and financial pressure, contemporary
football inflicts fewer injuries in Belgian football compared to one decade ago.
Possible explanations for this positive trend are a good prevention program (the FIFA
11+ program), better medical care and renewed postponement policy by the football
association
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MISUSE
Title
ANABOLIC STEROIDS AND ILLICIT DRUG ABUSE AMONG MALE BODYBUILDERS IN
TEHRAN GYMS
Authors
1
H. Angoorani
Affiliations
1
Tehran University Of Medical Sciences, Department Of Sports And Exercise Medicine,
Tehran, IRAN
Body
Objective
This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of Anabolic Steroids (A.S) and
illicit drug abuse among male bodybuilders in Tehran gyms and to assess the effect of
different factors such as demographic situation of the gyms, socio-economic situations,
psychological well being and body image of bodybuilders on the substance abuse.
Design and Method
The results of a preliminary observational study, researcher`s experience and
literature review, all helped to outline the theories and questions of this study. Based
on random sampling, 930 bodybuilders were selected. The data is gathered based on a
designated questionnaire and two other ones prepared to assess the body image and
mental health .Data analysis is done by SPSS software.
Results
A.S and illicit drug abuse were reported in 16/7% and 26/5% of bodybuilders
respectively. Amphetamine was reported as the most commonly abused illicit drug.
Based on the results of this study, illicit drug abuse is related to education, income,
number of family members, motivation, and lack of self confidence. A.S abusers are
more prone to illicit drug abuse. Monthly income and length of going to a gym, having
a job and motivations affect A.S abuse.
Conclusions
This study shows a high prevalence of A.S and illicit drug abuse among bodybuilders in
Tehran. It seems that poor knowledge about the side effects of these drugs, incorrect
propaganda on their positive effects and the availability of different kinds of
supplements are among the effective factors for growing rate of A.S and illicit drug
abuse in the gyms.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MISUSE
Title
RISK FACTOR ASSOCIATE WITH DRUG ABUSE AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Authors
1
2
3
3
3
4
A. Kashi , Z. Sarlak , H. Sadeghian , M. Akbarpour , K. Alavi , M. Sarlak
Affiliations
1
Sport Sciences Research Institude Of Ministry Of Science, Research & Technology Of
2
Iran, Tehran, IRAN, Islamic Azad University Of Khodabandeh Branch, Khodabandeh,
3
4
IRAN, University Of Gom, Gom, IRAN, Islamic Azad University Ahwaz Branch, Ahwaz,
IRAN
Body
Introduction: The use of different banned substances such as narcotic, psychoactive
and ergogenic drugs as a social problem has created different levels of concern in
many societies (1, 2). The aim of this study was to determine risk factor associate with
drug abuse (ergogenic aid, narcotics and psychoactive drugs) among university
students.
Materials and Methods: The statistical of this descriptive survey that was performed by
financial support of Governor's office in Qom was all university students of Ghom city.
By the help of cluster sampling we distributed 870 self reported questionnaires
between Statistical population, that after eliminating incomplete questionnaires the
number of 720 questionnaires were coded and analyzed by SPSS software at two levels
of descriptive (mean and std) and inferential (X2 tests, analysis of variance and
stepwise regression analysis) statistics.
Results: analysis of survey results showed that drug abuse has significant relationship
with sex, use of ergogenic substances, father job, student life along with the family,
prior knowledge of the drug, parent education level and unemployment for individual.
Conclusion: This study showed that using drug abuse among university students is an
undeniable fact, and if not paid attention by the authorities and managers in this field,
it can impose increasing harms on Iranian students.
Keywords: psychoactive drug, narcotics, prevalence, use
References:
1Cheatham, S.A., Hosey, R.G., Johnson, D.L., 2008. Performance-enhancing
drugs and today's athlete: A growing concern. Orthopedic. 31(10), 1014-1017.
2Casavant, M.J., 2007. Consequences of use of anabolic androgenic steroids.
(review). Pediatr clin N Am. 54(4), 677-690.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MISUSE
Title
TADALAFIL AND PITUITARY-ADRENAL ADAPTATION TO EXERCISE
Authors
1
1
1
1
2
1
P. Sgro' , L. Guidetti , C. Baldari , M.C. Gallotta , A. Lenzi , L. Di Luigi
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Health Sciences - University Of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, ITALY,
Department Of Experimental Medicine - University Of Rome Sapienza, Rome, ITALY
Body
Objective: Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors may influence human
physiology, health and performance by also modulating endocrine pathways. We
evaluated the effects of a two-days tadalafil administration on adenohypophyseal and
adrenal hormones adaptation to exercise in humans. Design and Methods: 14 males
were included in a double blind crossover trial. Each volunteer randomly received two
tablets of placebo or tadalafil (20 mg/die with 36 h of interval) before a maximal
exercise was performed. After a two-week washout, the volunteers were crossed over.
Blood samples were collected -30, -15 min and immediately before exercise,
immediately after, and during recovery (+15, +30, +60 and +90 min) for
adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), cortisol (C),
cortisol binding globulin (CBG) and testosterone assays. C/CBG (free cortisol index, FCI)
ratio was calculated. Exercise intensity, perceived exertion rate, O2 consumption, CO2
and blood lactate concentration were evaluated. Results: ACTH, GH, C, CBG and
testosterone absolute concentrations and/or areas under curve (AUC) increased after
exercise after both placebo and tadalafil. Compared to placebo, tadalafil
administration reduced the ACTH, C and FCI responses to exercise without
influencing cardio-respiratory and performance parameters. Conclusion: Tadalafil
reduced the activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis during exercise by
probably influencing brain’s nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate mediated
pathways. Moreover, because of testosterone decrease more rapidly after tadalafil
than after placebo administration, tadalafil seemed to influence testosterone
utilization in peripheral tissues. Further studies are necessary to confirm our results
and to identify the involved mechanisms, possible health risks and potential clinical
uses.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MISUSE
Title
DOPING BETWEEN BODY AND MIND: TWO STUDIES OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN
ITALIAN ATHLETES
Authors
1
1
1
C. Villosio , F.E. Cerutti , F. Candela
Affiliations
1
Centro Provinciale Di Medicina Dello Sport Città Di Cuneo, Cuneo, ITALY
Body
Substance abuse represents a phenomenon widely studied by the scientific community
and contrasted by the Institutions. In a biopsychosocial perspective, this event is the
result of medical, psychological and social factors. These studies integrated medical
and psychosocial investigations about the substance abuse in an Italian population of
athletes.
In the first study 299 athletes that came at the Center of Sport Medicine for the visit of
sport eligibility were analyzed to identify traces of prohibited substances. Athletes
were analyzed in terms of age, gender and sport. In the second study, 150 athletes
completed a questionnaire about doping attitude and individual characteristics (level
of perfectionism, life satisfaction, motivation). The scores of doping attitude were
correlated to psychosocial variables.
Considering the first study, 7% of athletes (N=22) was positive to prohibited
substances. Cycling (N=6) represented the sport with more athletes with traces of
substances. Benzodiazepines (N=10) and cannabinoids (N=10) were the most frequent
substances. The majority of positive athletes were males (82%): athletes between
20-30 and 40-50 years were the most frequent consumers. Data of the second study
showed a relation between doping attitude and perfectionism (r =.46 p<.001): male
athletes have more aptitude to substance consumption than female (F=6,4 p<.05).
Agonistics athletes have also more tolerance to behaviors of substance consumption
(F=6,8 p<.05). No differences were found among athletes of different sports.
Typology of sport, age, gender, traits of perfectionism, involvement in agonistic
activities represent variables related to the consumption or the attitude toward the
consumption of prohibited substances.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: THE PROTECTION OF THE SPORTS PHYSICIAN: MEDICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES
Title
MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING IN A MALE PROFESSIONAL ATHLETE
Authors
1
1
2
2
3
3
V. Di Legge , C. Graci , F. Burchi , M. Magli , S. Pierotti , D. Faraggiana
Affiliations
1
2
3
Fmsi - Ac Pisa 1909, Pisa, ITALY, Ac Pisa 1909, Pisa, ITALY, Fmsi, Pisa, ITALY
Body
Myocardial bridging, a congenital coronary anomaly, is a clinical condition with several
possible manifestations, and its clinical relevance is debated; because myocardial
bridging is a common finding at autopsy of normal subjects, it had been thought to be
a benign anatomic variation; because myocardial perfusion occurs in diastole,
myocardial bridging with systolic milking should therefore not impair myocardial
perfusion. However, this physiology-based evidence is contradicted by a small minority
of cases of cardiac events, in individuals with pathological findings none other than a
myocardial bridging.
Here we present a case of a 30 year-old male professional athlete who underwent
invasive coronary angiography because of chest pain and ST-segment elevation in the
right chest leads with normal systolic function by two-dimensional echocardiography;
invasive coronary angiography showed an epicardial coronary tree free from significant
disease but was able to identify myocardial bridging in the proximal segment of the left
anterior descending artery
We considered that heavy sports might be a potential trigger for cardiac events in a
professional athlete without any risk factors for coronary artery disease; therefore
special attention should be paid to this kind of athlete who commonly takes part in
intensive physical and skill training in his daily work.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
ROLE OF LACTATE INCREASE IN GRADED TREADMILL TEST OF HIGHLY TRAINED
SUBJECTS
Authors
1
1
1
C. Ahlgrim , S. Prettin , K. Röcker
Affiliations
1
Medical Clinic, Department Of Rehabilitative And Preventive Sports Medicine,
University Of Freiburg, Freiburg, GERMANY
Body
Various approaches are used for performance prediction from laboratory based
exercise testing. Lactate threshold analyses aim to describe aerobic exercise capacity
and can predict mean competition speed in runners. Maximal lactate increase (MLI) in
exercise tests is commonly attributed to motivational aspects and anaerobic capacity.
The present study intends to display whether MLI can independently contribute to
predict peak velocity (Vpeak) in a graded treadmill exercise test.
We retrospectively analyzed 5557 graded exercise treadmill tests (initial load 6 km/h,
increment 2 km/h, interval 3 min) with lactate analysis (EBioplus, Eppendorf, Germany)
conducted in our laboratory from 2002-2008. 121 male subjects with Vpeak of at least
20 km/h were identified. Vpeak cut-off was chosen to limit motivational bias. Lactate
kinetics (lactate-, 4mmol- and individual anaerobic thresholds (IAT)) and respective
power outputs (P4mmol, PIAT) were calculated. MLI was calculated as the difference
between maximal lactate value and lactate at the LT. Linear regression was used for
statistical analysis (alpha level=0.05).
Solely, MLI did not predict Vpeak (R²=0.02, p=0.16). Together with PIAT or P4mmol,
MLI improved prediction of Vpeak (R²Vpeak|PIAT=0.21; R²Vpeak|PIAT,MLI=0.48)
whilst being negatively associated with PIAT (R²=0.38, p<0.01) and p4mmol (R²=0.44,
p<0.01).
MLI does not independently predict Vpeak in a highly trained collective. Together with
indicators of aerobic capacity, MLI improves Vpeak prediction remarkably. In highly
trained subjects, there appears a dichotomy between those who feature high aerobic
capacity but are unable to generate high lactate levels and those who are able to
produce higher lactate through anaerobic metabolism whilst featuring less aerobic
capacity.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
INVESTIGATION OF DIFFERENT PERFORMANCE RELATED VARIABLES AND METHODS IN
ROWERS
Authors
1
2
1
F. Akca , K. Gokdemir , C. Akalan
Affiliations
1
Ankara University, Health Sciences Institute, School Of Physical Education And Sport,
2
Ankara, TURKEY, Gazi University, Health Sciences Institute, School Of Physical
Education And Sport, Ankara, TURKEY
Body
Objective
The aim of this study was to demonstrate and compare physiological performance
and different anaerobic threshold determination methods in elite junior rowers. 18
rowers participated in this study voluntarily (age 17.38±0.6 years).
Design and Method
Besides the measurements of height and weight, subjects performed 2000 meter
maximal rowing ergometer test and incremental rowing ergometer test, rowing
specific anerobic power and back, leg and arm strength tests. The incremental test
consists of 7 progressive stages of 4 minutes with 1 minute rest intervals. Blood
samples for lactate analysis were collected at rest. Oxygen uptake kinetics also
measured via ergospirometer during the test.
Results
Results of Pearson product moment correlations indicated that significant
relationships between the values of r=0.85 and r=0.99 were determined in absolute
and relative VO2, power and workload at ventilatory threshold and 4 mmol/L
anaerobic threshold (p<0.01).
Conclusions
As a conclusion workload, power, strength and oxygen consumption at 4 mmol/L
anaerobic and ventilatory thresholds seemed to share an important part in rowing
ergometer performance; besides given into consideration of the high relationship
between different anaerobic threshold determination methods, noninvasive
determination of anaerobic threshold with the use of gas exchange parameters seems
to be valid and useful alternative to determination of anaerobic threshold in junior
rowers. When a significant relationship between anaerobic power, strength and
performance is taken into consideration, it seems clear that physiological determinants
which affected by anaerobic energy pathways should also get involve in the
determination of performance and talent identification processes for rowing.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
IDENTIFICATION OF A VO2 DEFLECTION POINT COINCIDING WITH THE HEART RATE
DEFLECTION POINT IN PROFESSIONAL RUGBY PLAYERS.
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
E. Bernardi , G. Grossi , F. Terranova , G. Mazzoni , S. Uliari , G. Grazzi
Affiliations
1
Biomedical Sport Studies Center, Univeristy Of Ferrara, Ferrara, ITALY
Body
Aim: To compare the patterns of the speed/oxygen consumption (S/VO2) and
speed/heart rate (S/HR) relationship during maximal incremental running test in rugby
players, and to evaluate the occurrence of an oxygen consumption deflection point
(VO2def) coinciding with the heart rate deflection point (HRdef).
Subjects and methods: Eighteen professional male rugby players performed a maximal
incremental treadmill cardiopulmonary test. The oxygen uptake as a function of speed
was determined and the S/VO2 as well as the S/HR relationships were mathematically
analyzed.
Results: The S/VO2 relationships obtained were linear up to submaximal exercise
intensity and curvilinear thereafter and thus describing a VO2 flattening (VO2def). In
11 of 18 athletes a VO2def and a HRdef were determined. The slope of the VO2/S
relationship up to VO2def was significantly higher than that above VO2def (341±52
ml/min/km/h vs 242±69 ml/min/km/h, P<0.0001). The S values at VO2def (12.3±1.0
km/h) and HRdef (12.4 ± 0.9 km/h) were strongly correlated (R=0.92, P<0.0001) and in
good concordance (limits of agreement from -0.7 to 0.8 km/h, Bland-Altman analysis).
Conclusion: A VO2def coinciding with HRdef was shown in the most part of cases.
These results demonstrate that exercise intensity above HRdef is at least partially
independent by the aerobic mechanism of ATP re-synthesis, providing evidence that
the determination of the S/HR relationship and HRdef could be a practical and
non-invasive means of identifying the transition to anaerobic mechanisms in rugby
players.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
RESPIRATORY MUSCLE ENDURANCE TRAINING (RMET) WITH NORMOCAPNIC
HYPERPNEA (NH) IMPROVES VENTILATORY FUNCTION AND EXERCISE PERFORMANCE
IN TRIATHLETES.
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
E. Bernardi , E. Melloni , M. Mandolesi , L. Pomidori , A. Cogo
Affiliations
1
Biomedical Sport Studies Center, Ferrara, ITALY
Body
Objective: To evaluate the effect of 5 weeks of RMET by means of Spirotiger® on
respiratory function and exercise performance in triathletes.
Design and Method: 15 male (M) triathletes were allocated in 2 groups: RMET (10M)
and Control (5M) group.
At baseline (T0), and after 5 weeks (T1), athletes underwent maximal inspiratory
pressure (MIP), maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) and exercise tests (maximal
incremental and endurance cardiopulmonary tests performed with both cycle
ergometer and treadmill). RMET group trained at home 5 weeks: 20 min daily at the
same ventilation level measured at the respiratory compensation point during
incremental test.
Between T0-T1 subjects maintained the same level of daily physical activity.
Result: No change was found in control group (data not reported).
In RMET group MIP (T0: 93±29; T1: 97±25 cmH2O*) and MVV (T0: 213±17; T1: 231±18
l/min*) increased.
Incremental test: maximum watt on cycle ergometer (T0: 389±106; T1: 429±119 watt*)
and maximum speed on treadmill (T0: 18±2; T1: 19±2 Km/h*) increased.
The trend of oxygen consumption (VO2), ventilation (VE) and respiratory rate (RR)
showed values lower after RMET.
The dyspnea Borg score during endurance tests on treadmill (T0: 7,2/10; T1: 6,5/10*)
and on cycle ergometer (T0: 7,3/10; T1: 6,7/10*) showed a lower score; VE no change.
(*p<0,05; ANOVA and T test)
Conclusion: RMET significantly improves MIP and MVV in triathletes and increases
exercise performance. Furthermore the VE becomes more efficient as shown by the
reduction of VE, RR, the dyspnea Borg score and by a lower trend of VO2 during
incremental test.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
ENERGY COST OF ELITE SOCCER PLAYERS BEFORE AND DURING SEASON
Authors
1,2
3
A. Buglione , P.E. Di Prampero
Affiliations
1
Università Di Roma Tor Vergata, Facoltà Di Medicina E Chirurgia, Corso Di Laurea In
2
Scienze Motorie, Italia, Roma, ITALY, Università Telematica San Raffaele, Facoltà
3
Scienze Motorie, Roma, Italia, Roma, ITALY, Dipartimento Di Scienze E Tecnologie
Biomediche, Università Di Udine, Italia, Udine, ITALY
Body
PURPOSE
The acceleration phases during a soccer match lead to an increase of the energy cost
of running of about 20% on average over that observed at constant speed (C. Osgnach
et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010). Nevertheless, this last represents an important
baseline setting the overall energy expenditure during the match. Therefore, the aim
of this study was to measure of the energy cost of running (Cr) on flat terrain in
professional soccer players before (July) and during (December) a competitive season.
METHODS
Cr was measured during a 6 minutes run at constant speed on a treadmill (10 km/h) by
a portable metabolimeter (K4b2, Cosmed, Italy) on 40 professional soccer (serie A)
players: 17 senior (27±4 yr, 75.8±5.0 kg, 1.80±0.06 m) and 23 young (17.7±0.6 yr,
71.4±6.3 kg, 1.75±0.06 m) before and during the season.
RESULTS
Cr in senior players was 4.31±0.38 J/kg/m before and 5.12±0.43 J/kg/m during the
season with an increase of 13.46%; in young players it was 4.22±0.4 J/kg/m before and
4.48±0.31 J/kg/m during the season with an increase of 7.06%.
CONCLUSIONS
Cr in professional soccer players is higher than that reported by various authors in
medium and long-distance runners and increases significantly during the season. This
increase is probably due to the continuous accelerations and decelerations occurring
during the matches. This causes a worse running economy at constant speed because
the latter is unspecific for soccer players performance.
REFERENCES
The Energy Cost of Human Locomotion on Land and in Water
P.E. di Prampero
Int. J. Sports. Med.1986
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOMECHANICAL PROFILES OF ELITE AND SUB ELITE ITALIAN
HOCKEY PLAYERS
Authors
1,2
2,3
4
1
1
1,2
A. Buglione , R. Milia , G.M. Migliaccio , G. Granatelli , S. D'ottavio , B. Ruscello
Affiliations
1
Università Degli Studi Di Roma Tor Vergata, Facoltà Di Medicina E Chirurgia, Corso Di
2
3
Laurea In Scienze Motorie, Roma, ITALY, Federazione Italiana Hockey, Roma, ITALY,
Università Degli Studi Di Cagliari, Facoltà Di Medicina E Chirurgia, Corso Di Laurea In
4
Scienze Delle Attività Motorie, Cagliari, ITALY, Coni Sardegna, Cagliari, ITALY
Body
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to determine the physiological and biomechanical
profiles of elite and sub elite Italian male field hockey players.
METHODS
Twelve elite and ten sub elite male hockey players (age: 25.1±3.8 and 22.1 ±3.4 years,
mass: 70.3±2.6 and 66.7 ±5.6 kg, height: 1.74±5.2 and 1.72 ±1.8 m respectively)
participated to the study. Six matches performed at international (3) and national level
(3) were analyzed by the means of GPS SPI Elite device and Polar cardio frequency
meters.
RESULTS
The mean total distance covered by each individual player was 7062±1015m (elite
players) and 6186±997m. (sub elite players); the estimated mean total distance
covered for 70 min was 8553±419m and 8067±609m respectively. The acceleration
(n=256±21 and 231±26) and deceleration events (n=256±20 and 233±27) were also
computed. Mean maximal heart rate (%HRmax) was 84.5±3.7% HRmax and 83.1±4.3%
HRmax respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
Comparisons made between elite and sub elite Italian hockey players and other
international elite players showed slight differences (p=ns) both in running demands
and in heart rates. The results suggest that modern elite field hockey is a physically
demanding team sport, although the difference of qualification rely probably more on
the technical and tactical sides of the performance than the physiological one.
REFERENCES
Physical Demands and Physiological Responses during Elite Field Hockey
Lythe J, Kilding AE. Int J Sports Med 2011
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
ATHLETE’S HEART AND ATHLETE'S ARTERY
Authors
1
2
3
A. Castagna , C. Ruberto , G. Attisani
Affiliations
1
2
Ausl Di Modena Uo Cure Primarie, Pavullo Nel Frignano (mo), ITALY, Università Degli
3
Studi Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, ITALY, Centro Medico Fisios, Ravenna, ITALY
Body
Physical conditioning in competitive athletes induces cardiovascular adaptation
including lower resting heart rate (increased vagal tone) and increased cardiac mass
and volume as a consequence of increased demand on the cardiovascular system,
called ‘‘athlete’s heart’’, a physiological compensatory mechanism that reverses in
most cases following the termination of sports activities. The Pulse pressure, surrogate
measures of arterial stiffness, is simply the difference between systolic and diastolic
pressures, and depends on the cardiac output, large-artery stiffness and wave
reflection. We investigated a relation of Hearth Rate with Pulse Pressure in a
unselected population of athletes. We assessed a population of 2.608 subjects [2.133
(81 %) males, age 28,74±7,76 years, BMI 23,68±2,3 Kg/m²], prospectively examined in
Sport Medicine Clinics. In our study we find that Hearth Rate (HR) is inversely
correlated with Pulse Pressure (r= - 0,479, P=0,000). We divided our population into
two groups: HR < 60 min (n=990) and HR > 60 min (n= 1.618). There was no
significant difference in BMI, age and gender. Pulse Pressure were significantly greater
among
athletes with HR<60 min, than among controls (52,02±4,29 mmHg vs
44,41±5,52 mmHg; P<0,000). Certainly our results need confirmation with prospective
studies, but this study could open the way to perform other investigations to better
explore the correlation between arterial stiffness and athlete’s hearth.
Athlete's Heart, effect of age, sex, ethnicity and sporting discipline.
Sharma S. , Exp Physiol. 2003 Sep;88(5):665-9. PMID:12955167
Pulse Pressure - a review of mechanisms and clinical relevance.
Dart AM, Kingwell BA. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Mar 15;37(4):975-84. PMID:11263624
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
ONE-LEGGED (DOMINANT AND NONDOMINANT ) POSTURAL CONTROL IN YOUNG AND
EXPERT FOOTBALLERS
Authors
1
2
1
1
A. Cattozzo , E. Castellini , G. Mascherini , G. Galanti
Affiliations
1
2
Sports Medicine Center, University Of Florence, Florence, ITALY, Football Training
And Biomechanics Lab, Italian Football Federation (figc), Technical Department,
Florence, ITALY
Body
Description:
Soccer requires a monopodalic posture to perform different technical movements,
therefore, footballers' postural control should be evaluated in a unipedal stance to
respect the specific conditions of soccer¹. The main purpose is to compare balance
control in one-legged between the dominant and nondominant limb of soccer players
and to analyse if there are different values between experts and young footballers in
balance control in one-legged.
Material and Methods:
38 soccer players were tested. 20 Experts Players (25±2 years) 18 Young Players (16±1
years). All subjects underwent a postural balance control measurement through the
Lizard® platform. Dependent variable was the surface area center-of-pressure. The
measurements were taken in in monopodalic stance (dominant and nondominant
limb) lasting 10 seconds. Every test with Open Eyes and with Closed Eyes.
Results: In monopodalic some meaningful differences were found (P<0.05) between
Open Eyes and Closed Eyes conditions for all footballers; besides, in this case, no
differences were registered between dominant and nondominant limb (P>0.05).
Furthermore, Expert Players present Area values that are lower than those showed by
Young Players, no matter if in Open or in Closed Eyes conditions (P<0.05).
Conclusions: Expert Players in comparison to Young Players are less dependent on
the visual system. Due to a more developed proprioceptive system, have better
control. In all footballers the results revealed no differencces between dominant and
nondominant limb in balance ability in one-legged¹.
(1)
Paillard T. et al.,”Postural performance and strategy in the unipedal stance of
soccer players at different levels of competition” J.Athl Train. 41;172-176 ;2006
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
INFLUENCES OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM ON POSTURAL BALANCE CONTROL IN ELITE
ITALIAN SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
1
2
1
A. Cattozzo , E. Castellini , G. Galanti
Affiliations
1
2
Sports Medicine Center, University Of Florence, Florence, ITALY, Football Training
And Biomechanics Lab, Italian Football Federation (figc), Technical Department,
Florence, ITALY
Body
Description: Sport training seems to help the athlete to select those strategies of
postural balance control that result more effective. This aspect explains how football
modifies the strategies of postural balance control. The purpose is to find out if there
are differences in postural control between young and old footballers.
Material and Methods: 318 soccer players were tested. 176 Young Players (16±1 years)
and 141 Professional Players (27±5 years), all playing in the Italian First Division teams.
All subjects underwent a postural balance control measurement through the Lizard®
platform. Dependent variable was the surface area center-of-pressure. The
measurements were taken in bipodalic stance lasting 51,2 seconds. Every test was
taken with Open Eyes and with Closed Eyes.
Results: Young Players showed, in bipodalic, a significant difference between Open
Eyes (144±88 mm²) and Closed Eyes (202± 115 mm²) (P<0.01), while among
Professionals no difference was shown. Comparing Young Players and Professionals in
Open Eyes conditions, no differences were found, while in Eyes Closed condition,
Professionals showed a smaller Area (148± 75 mm²) than the one registered in Young
Players (202± 115 mm²) (P<0.05).
Conclusions: Professionals in comparison to Young Players are less dependent on the
visual system for postural balance control. Probably due to a more developed
proprioceptive system. They use instead their eyesight to process all the other
information about the game they are playing¹.
¹ Paillard, T. and Noé, F., “Effect of expertise and visual contribution on postural control
in soccer” .Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 345-348, 2006
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
PHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE PREDICTORS OF ONE-HOUR RUNNING PERFORMANCE
Authors
1
1
1
2
1
C. Chryssanthopoulos , E. Zacharogiannis , G. Paradisis , A. Travlos , C. Ziaras , C.
1
1
1
Tsolakis , V. Ioannidi , M. Maridaki
Affiliations
1
University Of Athens, Department Of Physical Education And Sports Science, Athens,
2
GREECE, University Of Peloponnese, Department Of Sport Management, Sparti,
GREECE
Body
Objective
This study examined the relationship between 60-min running performance and
several physiological parameters [VO2max, speeds at VO2max and at ventilatory
threshold (VT), running economy, and heart rate at VT].
Design and Method
Twenty four recreational endurance runners (38.9±1.8 years, 175±1 cm, 76.1±1.4 Kg;
mean ± SE) performed a 60-min run in an attempt to cover as much distance as
possible. The race was performed after an overnight fast in an indoor circuit flat
surface of 216 m long under stable environmental conditions (Temperature 20 oC and
Humidity 52 %). Four days before the race subjects performed a graded exercise test
on a level motorized treadmill during which every two minutes the speed was
increased by 1 Km/h to volitional fatigue starting from an initial speed of 8 Km/h.
Results
Pearson product moment correlations were significant (p<0.01) between running
performance (12546.3±217 m) and speed at VO2max (0.85), speed at VT (0.79),
VO2max (ml/Kg/min) (0.72), and slope from speed-percentage VO2max regression
equation for each runner as an indicator of running economy (-0.55), whereas no
significant correlations were observed between performance and heart rate at VT
(0.37), percent heart rate at VT (0.10), or percent VO2max at VT (0.02). Stepwise
multiple regression analysis indicated that speed at VT (R²=.62), VO2max (R²=.69) and
slope from speed-percentage VO2max regression equation for each runner (R²=.75)
were significant predictors (p<0.05) of running performance.
Conclusions
These findings demonstrated that, among the selected parameters, speed at VT,
VO2max and running economy were better predictors of running performance.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
THE INTRODUCTION OF PROFESSIONALISM IN PORTUGUESE RUGBY TEAMS – FIRST
STEPS?
Authors
1
2
A. Cruz Ferreira , C.A. Fontes Ribeiro
Affiliations
1
2
Ucspm, Mealhada, PORTUGAL, Fmuc, Coimbra, PORTUGAL
Body
Objective
Professionalism was adopted by the international rugby board(IRB) in 1995.
Professional players have had to adapt to the demands of increased physical and
mental robustness as well as the training workload. Despite being common in
countries where rugby is more popular, in Portugal there are no professional rugby
teams, only semi-professionals. We intend to known which is the level of
professionalism of these teams and the differences between them and the amateur
teams, in terms of training workload.
Design and Method
We assessed 46 rugby players from two teams competing in different layers of the
portuguese men's senior national championships (24 semi-professional and 22
amateur players). All athletes filled a questionaire indicating the number of weakly
field and gym training sessions, as well as their ages. Statistical analysis was performed
using the SPSS®v.19 and a significance level of 5% was considered.
Results
We found that semi-professional athletes performed a higher number of gym and field
training sessions that those of the amateur team. Regarding the age of the athletes,
we also found important differences, being the amateurs significantly older than the
semi-professionals.
Conclusions
The data obtained allow us to believe that the change in mentality and work load is
being processed in the upper layers of the Portuguese rugby, however, there is still a
long way to go to reach the professionalism level of other countries.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
ANTHROPOMETRIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF PORTUGUESE RUGBY
PLAYERS
Authors
1
2
A. Cruz Ferreira , C.A. Fontes Ribeiro
Affiliations
1
2
Ucsp Mealhada, Mealhada, PORTUGAL, Faculdade De Medicina Da Universidade De
Coimbra, Coimbra, PORTUGAL
Body
Objective
In rugby union, each position has very specific and unique requirements and several
studies have documented it. However, despite being common in countries where
rugby is more popular, no studies seeking to investigate the anthropometric and
physiological characteristics of the Portuguese rugby players have yet been published.
With this study we sought to evaluate the physiological and anthropometric
characteristics of the Portuguese rugby player.
Design and Method
We assessed 46 rugby players from two teams competing in the senior male national
championships. They were separated into two groups, taking into account the
positions occupied on the field. All the athletes underwent an anthropometric
assessment, where stature, body mass and skin folds were determined. Forty also
underwent an assessment of their physical capabilities which consisted in determining
their maximum aerobic capacities, speed and acceleration through field tests.
Results
Forwards were significantly taller, heavier and had a higher percentage of body fat that
the backs. They were also slower and had a lower maximal aerobic capacity in function
of their body masses. However, they had a higher maximal aerobic capacity in absolute
value and produced a greater momentum.
Conclusions
Regarding the differences between forwards and backs, the results of this study were
consistent with the literature. Regardless that the athletes studied were
non-professionals, the differences recorded between forwards and backs in this paper
as well as in the literature, indicates that, in rugby union, the possession of certain
anthropometric and physiological characteristics allows the best performance of the
athletes playing in each field position.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
THE EFFECTS OF INTENSIVE TRAINING ON LEFT VENTRICULAR MASS AND ON FAT-FREE
MASS IN PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
F. D'ascenzi , M. Cameli , M. Lisi , B.M. Natali , V. Zaca' , A. Giorgi , G. D'urbano , S.
2
2
3
2
1
Catanese , F. Angelini , M. Bonifazi , A. Causarano , S. Mondillo
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Cardiovacular Diseases, University Of Siena, Siena, ITALY, Staff Siena
3
Department Of Neurological, Neurosurgical And
Football Club, Siena, ITALY,
Behavioural Sciences, University Of Siena, Siena, ITALY
Body
Objective. Left ventricular mass (LVM) is increased in athletes; however, the difference
in LVM between athletes and controls was due not only to training but also to body
composition. Previous researches had a cross-sectional design without the ability to
detect the dynamic cardiac adaptation occurring within the training season. The aim of
this study was to investigate the longitudinal variations of LVM and fat-free mass
(FFM) occurring in professional football players during the season. Methods.
Twenty-three male top-level football players were recruited. LVM was assessed by
echocardiography and body composition by DXA. Measurements were performed at
the beginning of the season, after 1, 4, and 8 months, and after detraining. Results.
LVM significantly increased after 4 months and a significant difference was
demonstrated
between
baseline
and
8-month
measurement
(195.04±25.84vs213.51±22.86 g, p<0.05). The change in LVM was confirmed also when
LVM was indexed to BSA or to FFM (p< 0.05). FFM increased during the season with a
significant
difference
between
baseline
and
8-month
measurement
(64.3±5.97vs66.27±4.96,p<0.05). Also heart rate, stroke volume (SV), and left
ventricular end-diastolic volume significantly increased during the season.
Interestingly, after the detraining period, no significant differences in
echocardiographic parameters were demonstrated between the beginning of the
season and the end of detraining. FFM and SV were independent predictors of LVM.
Conclusions. The present study reported for the first time the longitudinal variations of
LVM and FFM in top-level athletes, demonstrating that athletes exhibit a significant
remodelling of left ventricle and of body mass during the regular season.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRAINING AND PERFORMANCE IS MEDIATED BY
PSYCHOBIOSOCIAL STATES
Authors
1,2
1,3
2,4
S. Di Fronso , M. Bertollo , P. Ripari
Affiliations
1
2
Behavioral Imaging And Neural Dinamics Center, Chieti, ITALY, Dipartimento Di
3
Dipartimento Di Medicina E Scienze
Scienze Biomediche, Chieti, ITALY,
4
Dell'invecchiamento, Chieti, ITALY, Centro Universitario Di Medicina Dello Sport,
Chieti, ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to investigate the relationship among perceived exertion,
psychobiosocial states, stress-recovery-profile, heart rate variability and performance
in 11 basketball players during play off phase.
METHOD: We collected session rating of perceived exertion, recovery-stress state and
psychobiosocial states. Heart rate variability was computed from the
electrocardiogram recorded via BioHarness.
RESULTS: Analysis of results, adopting an idiographic approach focused on an in-depth
understanding of individual athletes, showed dynamic and individual specific
relationships among training load, psychobiosocial states and performance,
highlighted also in recovery stress profile and reflected in the heart rate variability
parameters.
CONCLUSIONS: Session rating of perceived exertion and heart rate variability are
reliable markers of internal load and psychobiosocial states may mediate the
relationship between training and performance.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
STRATEGIES OF NEUROMUSCULAR CONTROL IN SUBJECTS ESPECIALLY TRAINED TO
THE ISOMETRIC CONTRACTIONS - THE PHYSIOLOGY OF HIKING
Authors
1,2
1
1
1
F. Faiola , L. Fattorini , M. Bernardi , M. Marchetti
Affiliations
1
2
School Of Specialization In Sports Medicine, La Sapienza, Rome, ITALY, Italian
Federation Of Sports Medicine, Fmsi, Rome, ITALY
Body
Dinghy-Sailor must to project body outside to stabilize boat so performing an intense
isometric effort of knee, hip and lumbar muscles (hiking).
Present research aimed to study neuromuscular adaptations induced by long term
sailing activity. Neuromuscular Femoral Quadriceps properties were analyzed by
evaluation of: Maximum-Voluntary-Contraction (MVC); Exhaustion-Time (ET);
mioelectrical muscular fatigue indices (sEMG: %DET and MDF values and slopes).
12 subjects was recruited: 4 elite Dinghy-Sailor (DS, specific-trained athletes), 4 elite
Rowes (R, generic-trained athletes) and 4 Sedentary subjects (S, no-trained). Subject
has been seated and bound on an “Hiking-position-simulator” that allowed MVC
measure and measures of ET and sEMG during 2 isometric exhaustion contractions
(50% and 80% of MVC).
No MVC differences among groups were obtained (DS=688±99N; R=670±64N;
S=664±72N). Whilst, at 50%MVC trained subjects have ET longer to no-trained
(DS=134±29s; R=142±33s; S=70±24s), at 80%MVC DS obtained a longer ET then others
(DS=53±7s; R=39±11s; S=32±8s). %DET increased and MDF decreased constantly,
confirming their relationship with neuromuscular fatigue. DS show %DETstart-values at
80%MVC greater (33±5%) and a lower increment (0,4±0,2%/s) than R (24±5%;
0,7±0,2%/s) and S (21±8%; 0,7±0,1%/s), determining similar %DETexhaustion-values
(DS=50±6%; R=46±9%; S=49±13%).
Even if, trained subjects supported a longer time a low isometric contraction than
sedentary, during sub-maximal contractions, when all Motor-Unit are recruited, DS
resulted more resistant than others.
In conclusion hiking and the specific sailing activity seems to induce neuromuscular
adaptations useful to decrease fatiguing during sub-maximal isometric effort. A
possible physiological explanation could be a synchronized Motor-Unit activation in DS
group than others since beginning effort.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
THE INFLUENCE OF SOMATHOTYPE ON THE CHANGES OF BODY COMPOSITION,
STRENGHT OF LEGS AND ANAEROBIC TRESHOLD OF SOCCER PLAYERS AGED 15-17
YEARS
Authors
1
2
2
E. Handziska , Z. Handziski , M. Milenkova
Affiliations
1
Institute Oh Physiology, Medical Faculty, Un.st. Kiril And Metodij, Skopje, FORMER
2
YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA, Pzu Kineticus-sports Medicine And Exercise
Science, Skopje, FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
Body
The aims of this study are to determine the somathotype and its influence on the
changes of body composition, anaerobic threshold and strength of leg of soccer
players aged 15-17 years.
Material and methods: 46 soccer players, aged 15-17 years, were included is this study.
During a training and competition process of 4 months, three times (at the beginning,
in the middle and after the finishing of this process), we measured: anaerobic
threshold (AnT, km/h) with Conconi protocol on treadmill and maximal treadmill speed
(km/h); body composition by bioelectrical impendence (relative muscle and fat mass,
BMI and muscle and total surface of upper arm-cm2) and peak force and time of both
quadriceps and hamstrings. With heath-Carter anthropometric somathotype model,
we determined 13 categories of somathotype.
Results: Body composition, AnT (12,3±1.09; 12,43±1,35; 12.15±1.09) and maximal
treadmill speed changed insignificantly during this training and competition process.
Except Peak Force of right quadriceps and Peak Force of left hamstring, other strength
parameters changed significantly (p<0.05) during this process. The most frequent
somathotype was mesomorph-ectomorph (45%), balanced mesomorph (17%),
balanced ectomorph (15%) and others. Some somathotypes influenced significantly on
changes of body composition and stranght parameters of legs.
Discussion: These results suggested that determination of somathotype could help in
selection and evaluation of effects of soccer training process.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
THE ROLE OF SITUATIONAL VARIABLES IN ANALYSING PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE IN
ELITE SOCCER
Authors
1
C. Lago Peñas
Affiliations
1
University Of Vigo, Pontevedra, SPAIN
Body
THE ROLE OF SITUATIONAL VARIABLES IN ANALYSING PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE IN
ELITE SOCCER
OBJECTIVE
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of match location, quality of
opposition, and match status on distance covered at various speeds in elite soccer.
DESIGN AND METHOD
Twenty-seven Spanish Premier League matches played by a professional soccer team
were monitored in the 2005–2006 season using a multiple-camera match analysis
system. The dependent variables were the distance covered by players at different
intensities. Data were analysed using a linear regression analysis with three
independent variables: match status (i.e. whether the team was winning, losing or
drawing), match location (i.e. playing at home or away), and quality of the opponents
(strong or weak).
RESULTS
The top-class players performed less high-intensity activity (>19.1 km · h) when
winning than when they losing, but more distance was covered by walking and jogging
when winning. For each minute winning, the distance covered at submaximal or
maximal intensities decreased by 1 m (P<0.05) compared with each minute losing. For
each minute winning, the distance covered by walking and jogging increased by 2.1 m
(P<0.05) compared with each minute losing. The home teams covered a greater
distance than away teams during low-intensity activity (<14.1 km · h) (P<0.01). Finally,
the better the quality of the opponent, the higher the distance covered by walking and
jogging.
CONCLUSIONS
Our findings emphasize the need for match analysts and coaches to consider the
independent and interactive effects of situational variables during assessment of the
physical component of football performance.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
COMPARISON TO THE SPECIFICATION OF OFFICIAL BASEBALL AMONG DIFFERENT AGE
LEAGUES
Authors
1
1
C. Liu , W. Yang
Affiliations
1
Graduate Institute Of Sports Equipment Technology, Taipei Physical Education
College, Taipei, TAIWAN
Body
According to the age of participant, baseball divided into elementary (9-12yr),
junior-high (13-15yr), senior-high (16-18yr) and college (above 18yr) leagues. Previous
studies showed that anthropometric, physical fitness, technique and pitching
mechanics significant differences among leagues. The high injury rate occurred at all
youth leagues. However, the official game balls among leagues are similar the
specification addressing in official baseball rule. The hypothesis of this study was that
the specification of official game ball concerned with injury occurrence. Therefore, this
study was to compare the specification of official game ball among leagues. The
samples of game ball for different leagues were provided by official organization in
Taiwan, and were stored at 22±2ºC and 50% relative humidity for at least two weeks
prior to measurement. The weigh, circumference, diameter and coefficient of
restitution (COR) were measured in conditioned lab. The result revealed that weigh,
circumference, diameter and COR were no significant difference among different
leagues game ball (p<.05). It reflected that the current game ball may too heavier and
larger for youth player. It caused larger loading on elbow and shoulder during pitching.
The finding suggested that the standard of official game ball might a potential factor to
injury occurrence at all youth leagues. Furthermore, the appropriated game ball for
different leagues should be established. (NSC100-2627-B-154-001)
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
MAXIMAL OXIGEN CONSUMPTION(V'O2MAX)IN PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL PLAYERS: A
10 YEARS OBSERVATION
Authors
1
D. Manari , D. Ancelotti, G. Venturati, R. Casellato, N. Prandelli, D. Morelli, A. Anedda
2
, M. Manara
Affiliations
1
2
Sport Monitoring Service, Reggio Emilia, ITALY, University Of Parma, Parma, ITALY
Body
Football is a sport with intermittent high-intensity alternate with recovery, where good
aerobic conditioning has positive effect on performance. Direct VO2 measurement
with breath-by-breath metabolimeter allows to define aerobic capacity and how
it changes over time.MATERIALS AND METHODS During last 13 competitive seasons,
608 professional players were tested by Cosmed K4b2, running from 2 to 4
evaluations/season for total of 1738 tests. An incremental maximal test in a route
drawn on the football field was used.This parameters were recorded: V'O2max, V’O2
at anaerobic threshold (V'O2AT), speed (kmh) at I and II ventilatory thres., speed (kmh)
at V'O2max (VAM), heart rate. Data were subjected to statistical analysis both as a
whole by age (<22y, 22-27y, 27-32 y,> 32y) and role (goalkeepers,defenders, strikers,
midfielders, laterals)RESULTS: V’O2max overall average 56.56 ml/K/min V’O2AToverall
average 87.4%, first 3 seasons V’O2max average:55.43 ml/k/min, last 3 seasons
VO2max average:58.83 ml/k /min (+6,1%, p>0.01);in season V’O2max average
increase:+9%;
in season ATspd average increase:+5.5%; ATspd overall
average:14,34kmh; I vent. thres. spd overall average:12,08kmh; VAM overall
average:16,1kmh. Data analyzed by age and role show an increasing heterogeneity
among roles with age advancing(st. dev. V'O2max 90 th percentile <22yo: 1.24;>
32y.o.: 4.05). Although the seasonal pattern differs according to the role: metabolic
parameters show a stable trend for attackers and defenders while increasing in other
roles. CONCLUSIONS: The magnitude of the sample and the length of the observation
period were allowed to obtain accurate reference data on football players aerobic
capacity and his behavior over time and according to different roles.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
RELIABILITY OF FUNCTIONAL EVALUATION TESTS TO PREDICT PERFORMANCE DURING
IRONMAN COMPETITION
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
E. Marongiu , F. Tocco , M. Pinna , A. Crisafulli , A. Concu
Affiliations
1
Sport Physiology Lab., University Of Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY
Body
Introduction: Ironman is a triathlon competition characterized by 3,8 Km of swimming,
180 Km of cycling, and 42,2 Km of running. The physical capacity in each of these three
different sports needs specific evaluation tests. The aim of the study was to discover
the most predictive pre-competition test of athlete’s performance during competition.
Materials and Methods: 8 triathletes (1 female and 7 males, Age: 42,4 ± 3 years) were
studied by three tests. Test A: cycling test on athletics track; Test B: Ciclomulino’s test
in Laboratory; Test C: Conconi’s test on athletics track. Heart rate, Aerobic and
Anaerobic Thresholds, Maximum Oxygen Uptake and Energetic Cost were calculated
by means of a gas analyzer. Data were processed by non parametric statistics
(Spearman test) to evaluate their correlation with mean speeds during the three parts
of a real race.
Results: Test A: athletes with the highest values of maximum oxygen uptake, oxygen
pulse and pulmonary ventilation showed the highest mean speed during the cycling
session. Test B: athletes with the highest values of Watt/kg at the aerobic threshold
had the highest mean speed during the cycling session. Test C: statistics analysis did
not show any correlation between data and the mean speed during the run session.
Conclusions: Both test A and B are reliable to predict the outcome in the cycling part of
Ironman race whereas test C failed in to this task.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
THE COMPARISON OF SOCCER PERFORMANCE AFTER A REGULAR SEASON
Authors
G. Mascherini, L. Stefani, A. Cattozzo, G. Galanti
Affiliations
1
Agenzia Di Medicina Dello Sport E Dell'esercizio, Firenze, ITALY
Body
Aim: Physiological and match analysis have demonstrated modern football is an high
energetic demanding sport and the ability to perform repeated high-intensity work is
very important. The Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test (Yo-Yo IRT) is an incremental and
sensitive method to asses the soccer performance. The aim was to verify the efficacy
of Yo-Yo IRT for training in soccer players. Methods: 14 professional soccer players
(age 22.4±3.4, height 181.2±6.9, weight 74.9±6.7) were enrolled. During the first
training session (T0), after a short warm up, Yo-Yo IRT was performed. The type and
amount of training was based on the technical, tactical, and physical demands imposed
by the game. After 30 days (1 month) and at the end of the regular season (T9) Yo-Yo
IRT was perform too. Maximum Heart Rate (HR Max) and the distance (Mt Yo-Yo) in
the last steps were recorded. Anova Test was used to evaluate the statistical
differences. Results: During the first Yo-Yo IRT, HR Max=190.63±8.37, mt
Yo-Yo=1928.57±407.97were obtained. In the second test HR Max=187.79±8.85, mt
Yo-Yo=2308.57±509.22 during the last one HR Max=188.91±8.35, mt
Yo-Yo=2390.00±489.06. None statistical difference were observed in HR Max values,
however Mt Yo-Yo resulted to be statistically increase (p = 0.03) after soccer training.
Conclusion: The study confirm that HR Max qualified the intensity of the physical
exercise, while the distance reached can represent the main parameters to verify the
effective athletes performance during the training. Both aerobic and speed-endurance
training can be used to improve high-intensity intermittent exercise performance also
in non-agonistic period.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
VARIATIONS OF MAXIMUN VO2 AND OF CARDIAC RECOVERY OF FEMALE VENEZUELAN
SOFTBALL PLAYERS
Authors
1
2
3
T. Peña Delgado , J. Siret Alfonso , L. Aquino
Affiliations
1
2
Ministerio Del Poder Popular Para El Deporte, Caracas, VENEZUELA, Instituto De
3
Medicina Del Deporte, Matanza, CUBA, Ministerio Del Poder Popular Para El Deporte,
Caracas, VENEZUELA
Body
16 females from the national softball team were studied to determine the variations in
maximum Oxygen Consumption (V02) and of cardiac recovery in two macrocycles
previous to the Bolivarian Games Bolivia 2009. Material and Method: The
1000-metre race test was appliedand the VO2 maximum was calculated using the
Leger and Tokmakidis formula. It was recorded the heart rate at rest and at post effort
as well as at the end, first, third and fifth minutes of recovery. Results: the
percentage of recovery of the average heart rate of the athletes within the first (167
and 165 l/min), third (133 and 131 l/min) and fifth (119 and 108 l/min) minutes
ending the test in the two macrocycles; the variations among these were calculated,
showing a significant difference (t < 0,05) in the fifth minute with lower heart rates and
a higher percentage (62% and 72%) of recovery in the second test. The average relative
maximum VO2 in the first macrocycle (38 ml/kg/min) was higher than in the second
macrocycle (36 ml/kg/min) and the racing speed was superior in the first, without any
meaningful difference relative to the second evaluation. When comparing these
results with other studies it is evidenced very low values of max VO2 in the Softball
players, comparable with sedentary people (1). Conclusions: The regimen of physical
and nutritional preparation was not adequate between macrocycles I and II above
mentioned and displayed a low aerobic potential. (1) A. Pancorbo, 2008
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
EVALUATION OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRUNK MUSCLES ENDURANCE AND STATIC
BALANCE IN MALE STUDENTS OF TEHRAN UNIVERSITY
Authors
1
2
2
2
A. Safar Cherati , A. Barati , A. Aghayari , F. Azizi
Affiliations
1
Sports Medicine Department Rasoul Akram Hospital ,tehran University Of Medical
2
Science, Tehran, IRAN, Shahid Rajaee Physical Education University, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of a trunk
muscles endurance and static balance. Trunk muscles provide an integrated functional
unit, whereby the main kinetic chain begins from. It also distributes weight and
transfers forces and movements to upper and lower segments. Fatigue of trunk
muscles contributes to spinal instability over strenuous and prolonged physical tasks
and therefore may lead to injury, however from a performance perspective, relation
between endurance efficient core muscles and optimal balance control has not been
well-known.
Method: Fifty male students inhabitant of Tehran university dormitory (age 22±3,
height 171±5 weight 70±6) took part in the study. Trunk endurance muscles were
assessed using Sørensen test of trunk extensor endurance, trunk flexor endurance test,
side bridge endurance test and static balance was measured using single-limb stance
test. Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was calculated to examine the relationship
between variables.
Result: significant correlation was revealed in trunk flexor, extensor, lateral flexor
endurance and static balance variables (p < 0.05). Interestingly, Pearson r correlation
coefficient for aforementioned variables were 0.80, 071,083 respectively.
Conclusion: there is a significant relationship between trunk muscles endurance and
static balance. The challenge in addressing trunk endurance is to apply our knowledge
and skills to design exercise programs that improve endurance and subsequently
balance as an integrated part in optimal performance of athletes.
Key words: static balance, trunk muscle endurance
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
ESTIMATE OF THE MAXIMUM BLOOD LACTATE FROM THE RESULT IN THE WINGATE
TEST
Authors
1
1
1
J. Subiela , R. Uribe , J. Rojas
Affiliations
1
Instituto Nacional De Deporte, Caracas, VENEZUELA
Body
The aim of this study was to estimate the maximum levels of blood lactate, according
to the power developed in the average performance of the Wingate test.
Materials and methods - Subjects included were 108 men and 90 women, members of
various sports teams of Venezuela. We applied twice the Wingate test on a Monark
cycle ergometer model 894 Ea, with an interval of 48 hours between the two
measurements. The best result was taken for calculation.
The estimation of lactate (mmol.l-1) was carried out from average yield in the Wingate
test (Wa) and the heat equivalent of lactate (0,222 Kcal.gr-1), according the following
formula:
La (mmol.l-1) = [(Wa x 0,06 x 50,045) / (Wt x 0,7)] / 2
Results and conclusions - A direct correlation (r>0,8) was found between the maximum
blood lactate measured in the field and the value calculated with the formula for
sprinters, cyclist and skates track. In this way the formula offers the possibility of
estimating the maximum value of lactate, transforming the average power obtained
Wingate test (Wa) into blood lactate concentration (mmol.l-1).
References
1. Inbar O, Bar Or O, Skinner S. The Wingate anaerobic test. Champaing, IL: Human
Kinetics,1996.
2. Popadic J, Barack o, Grujic N. Maximal anaerobic power test of different sport
disciplines. J Strength Cond Res. 2009; 23: 751-755.
3. Margaria R, Edwards H, Dill D. The possible mechanism of contracting and paying
the oxygen debt and the role of lactic acid in muscular contraction. Am J Physiol 1933;
106: 689-714.
4. Margaria R, Aghemo P, Sassi G. Lactic acid production in supramaximal exercise.
Pflug Arch 1971; 326: 152-161.
5. di Prampero P, Ferretti G. The energetics of anaerobic muscle metabolism:
reappraisal of older and recent concepts. Respiration Physiology 1999; 118: 103-115.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
SPORT-SPECIFIC
DIFFERENCES
IN
PHYSIOLOGICAL
CHARACTERISTICS
OF
PREPUBESCENT BOYS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
A. Theos , A. Moustogiannis , G. Tsigganos , C. Chryssanthopoulos , M. Maridaki
Affiliations
1
Department Of Physical Education And Sports Science, University Of Athens, Athens,
GREECE
Body
Introduction
The purpose of the present study was to examine the differences in physiological
characteristics of prepubescent boys participating in different sports.
Methods
Ninety two prepubescent boys (age: 12.1 ± 0.4 yrs, height: 155.7 ± 0.7 cm, body mass:
49.3 ± 0.9 kg; mean ± SE) with at least two years training experience were divided into
three groups according to the sport they participated (Swimmers n=35, Handball
players n=21 & Soccer players n=36). Maximum handgrip strength in hands, 20m
shuttle run test (for VO2max prediction) and 30m sprint running were measured. Data
were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc tests.
Results
Swimmers produced more force with the dominant hand than soccer players (29.5 ±
0.5 vs. 25.7 ± 0.9 kg, p<0.01) while handball players did not differ (26.1 ± 1.3 kg,
p=0.06). Force produced with the non-dominant hand was more (p<0.01) in swimmers
(27.5 ± 0.6 kg) compared to soccer (23.8 ± 1.0 kg) and handball (23.7 ± 1.2 kg) players.
In 30m sprint, and VO2max tests soccer players (4.9 ± 0.02 sec & 53.6 ± 0.5 ml/kg/min)
performed better (p<0.01) compared to swimmers (5.7± 0.09 sec & 49.2 ± 0.8
ml/kg/min) and handball players (5.5 ± 0.08 sec & 47.9 ± 0.8 ml/kg/min).
Conclusion
The data indicate that specificity of training, as reflected by higher grip strength in
non-dominant hand in swimmers and higher 30 m sprint and VO2max values in soccer
players, is evident in prepubescent boys who have at least two years of training
experience.
This work was supported by funds from COSMOTE Mobile Telecommunications
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
INSPIRATORY MUSCLE TRAINING IN YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS: PRELIMINARY
EVALUATION
Authors
1,2
1
1,2
1
1,2
1
E. Tranchita , F. Quaranta , F. Desantis , L. Musumeci , M. Squeo , V. De Luca ,
1
1
C. Cerulli , A. Parisi
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Rome Foro Italico - Department Of Health Sciences, Rome, ITALY,
University Of Rome La Sapienza - School Of Specialization In Sport Medicine, Rome,
ITALY
Body
Objective: the aim of the present study was to investigate whether Inspiratory Muscle
Training might improve respiratory function indexes, respiratory muscle strength as
well as affect exercise performance in young athletes. Design and Method: 16
athletes practicing Inspiratory Muscle Training with a resistive device for 4 weeks were
recruited. The load of training was 60% of Maximal Inspiratory Pressure. We
performed a submaximal stress test before and after the training in order to evaluate
performance. Results: We found a significant improvement of Maximal Inspiratory
Pressure, in Peak Inspiratory Flow and enhancement of all respiratory muscle strength
parameters (p<0,05). There were no significative changes in oxygen consumption.
There was a little reduction in the perception of respiratory fatigue. Conclusions: 4
weeks of resistive Inspiratory Muscle Training can increase inspiratory muscle strength,
without improving exercise performance. Therefore it will be useful considering
the effect of training for more time (8 weeks), or trying to practice training sessions
at 80% of maximal inspiratory pressure.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
ACUTE EFFECTS OF TWO DIFFERENT WARM-UP PROTOCOLS ON FLEXIBILITY AND
LOWER LIMB EXPLOSIVE PERFORMANCE IN ELITE FENCERS.
Authors
1
1
C. Tsolakis , G.C. Bogdanis
Affiliations
1
University Of Athens, Faculty Of Physical Education And Sport Science, Athens,
GREECE
Body
This study examined the effects of two different warm-up protocols on lower limb
power and flexibility in elite fencers. Sixteen international level fencers (8 males-8
females) performed two warmup protocols that included 5-min light jogging and either
short (15s) or long (45s) static stretching exercises for each of the main leg muscle
groups (quadriceps, hamstrings and triceps surae), followed by either 3 sets of 3 (short
stretching treatment), or 3 sets of 5 tuck jumps (long stretching treatment), in a
randomized crossover design with one week between treatments. Hip joint flexion was
measured with a Lafayette goniometer before and after the 5-min warmup, after
stretching and 8 min after the tuck jumps, while counter movement jump (CMJ)
performance was evaluated by an Ergojump contact platform, before and after the
stretching treatment, as well as immediately after and 8 minutes after the tuck jumps.
Three way ANOVA (condition, time, gender) revealed significant time main effects for
flexibility (p<0.001), with no interaction between factors. Flexibility increased by
6.2±1.1% (p<0.01) after warmup and by another 5.8±1.5% (p<0.01) after stretching,
while it remained increased 8 min after the tuck jumps. CMJ performance remained
unchanged throughout the short stretching protocol, while it decreased after
stretching in the long stretching protocol, with no between-gender differences
(-5.8±1.1%, p<0.01). However, 8 min after the tuck jumps, CMJ performance was not
different from the baseline value (p=0.075). In conclusion, lower limb power may be
decreased after long periods of stretching, but performance of explosive exercises may
reverse this phenomenon.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
OXIDATIVE STRESS RESPONSE TO EQUAL CONTINUOUS MODERATE-INTENSITY VS
HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING LOAD IN MASTER ATHLETES
Authors
1
1
1,2
3
1
A. Vezzoli , M. Marzorati , S. Porcelli , L. Pugliese , P. Cerretelli
Affiliations
1
2
Institute Of Bioimaging And Molecular Physiology, Cnr, Segrate, ITALY, San Raffaele
3
Telematic University, Roma, ITALY, Department Of Sport, Nutrition And Health
Sciences, University Of Milan, Milano, ITALY
Body
There is growing evidence that equal amounts of alternate high/low intensity
(~80-40% of V’O2 max) training loads (HIT) are an effective option to continuous
(~60%) exercise (CON), leading to improved performance in athletes and
cardio-respiratory fitness in patients. Since oxidative stress is known to increase
disproportionally to exercise intensity, HIT would therefore be expected to lead to a
greater ROS accumulation.
Aim. This study shows differential data of the oxidative stress response in master
athletes undergoing HIT or CON protocols, compared on a matched-workload basis.
Methods. Twenty healthy subjects (47.2 ± 7.4 yr) were assigned to CON (n = 10) or
HIT (n = 10). Each group undertook 8 weeks of training running three times a week
over the same total distance (9-13 km/day). Before (PRE-) and after (POST-) training
resting levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) and protein
carbonyls (PC), were assessed in venous blood. In addition, 8-OH-2-deoxyguanosine
(8-OH-dG), a marker of DNA oxidative damage, was determined in the urine. Standard
immuno-enzymatic assays were adopted.
Results. The main findings on oxidative response were: 1) TBARS levels in plasma were
significantly reduced POST- vs. PRE- in both groups. 2) 8-OH-dG values were
significantly reduced in POST- vs. PRE-, both in HIT and CON. 3) No significant changes
in PC resting values were observed in both CON and HIT.
Conclusions. Considering that the 5-km time performance improved in both groups,
the present findings suggest that HIT, compared to CON, induces similar lower levels of
oxidative stress.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
PERFORMANCE IN FORMULA ONE
Authors
1
1
1
D. Zaccaria , R. Ceccarelli , E. Ungaro
Affiliations
1
Scuderia Toro Rosso - F1 Professional Racing Team Medical Staff, Faenza (ra), ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE: Despite Formula One (F1) is the pinnacle of motorsports there’s still a lack
about research. That’s due to the fact that people who train drivers and are involved in
their medical support have never been professional drivers themselves nor they have
ever driven a F1 car. This means they don’t have first hand experience of physiological
and psychological demands of these sports. This is why a little more research in F1
racing aimed to investigate driver’s effort during their performance is needed.
DESIGN AND METHOD: In order to asses heart rate (HR) zones three lactate tests
(cycling, running and hand bike) were performed on a Professional F1 Driver (21
years,176 cm,63.6 kg)
Gran Prix , Free Practice and Qualifying session HR recordings (Polar® Sport
Performance) were acquired during F1 season.
RESULTS: Blood lactate and HR laboratory values are comparable to other
professional athletes.
Surprisingly the average driving HR is equal or higher than threshold values for the
whole performance. HR pattern is different according to tack and weather conditions.
When the Driver jumps out from the cockpit there’s evidence of a temporary shift
towards parasympathetic dominance followed by a prompt resumption of sympathetic
tone.
CONCLUSIONS: The HR dynamics analysis:
-provides more detailed and precise data at certain stages and actions during the race
(turn, straights, braking, acceleration, pit-stops, overtaking).
-describes cardiovascular adaptation to multiple G-force and parasympathetic
withdrawal.
We can postulate that there’s an important psychological involvement and give
professionals involved in F1 the basis to develop an intensive athletic and mental
training.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
LACTATE TEST VALUE IN YOUNG MALE ROAD CYCLISTS
Authors
1
1
D. Zaccaria , M. Tornaghi
Affiliations
1
Sports Medicine And Exercise - Cab Polidiagnostico, Barzanò (lc), ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE : In Italy “Allievi” category is the link between youth sector and the first
Union Cycliste Internationale category. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the
development of descriptive physiological parameters as a control tool for training
monitoring in a group of young cyclists (age 14.7±0.7 years, weight 61.7±0.6 kg,
height 173.1±8.6 cm) during one season.
DESIGN AND METHOD: 20 athletes performed an incremental test (100W + 30W/4
minutes) in preseason (PRE) and during the season (IN) on a Computrainer
Racermate® Cyclosimulator. Heart Rate (bpm), Lactate (mMol) and Power Output (PO
Watts) and Relative Power (RP Watts/Kg) were recorded. Onset of Blood Lactate
Accumulation (OBLA) has been calculated.
RESULTS: PO and RP are significantly higher at 2 mMol Lactate and 4 mMol Lactate
value in IN than in PRE (156.4±21.6vs197.7±25.6 and 198.6±32.0vs239.1±34.3 Watts ;
2.5±0.3vs3.2±0.5 and 3.2±0.4vs3.9±0.5 Watts/Kg – p<0.01). IN Power at OBLA shows
significantly higher value than in PRE (4.0±0.5 vs 3.5±0.4 Watts/Kg – p<0.01)
Training induces lower mean heart rates under 4 mMol in IN than in PRE.
CONCLUSIONS: Lactate test, representing the adaptation response, could be a reliable
mean to plan training in young cyclists who get used to heart rate monitoring, .
Moreover changes in lactate production and the heart rate response in a cycling
season could be assumed as markers of external and internal load in youth cycling.
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
FORCE-VELOCITY AND POWER-VELOCITY RELATIONSHIP DURING CHEST PRESSES ON
STABLE AND UNSTABLE SURFACE
Authors
1
1
E. Zemkova , D. Hamar
Affiliations
1
Faculty Of Physical Education And Sport, Department Of Sports Kinanthropology,
Comenius University, Bratislava, SLOVAK REPUBLIC
Body
The study analyses force-velocity and power-velocity curves during chest presses at
different weights with back supported by either stable bench or unstable Swiss ball. A
group of 26 fit men (age 21.7±1.6 y, height 182.7±10.6 cm, weight 79.8±9.5 kg)
performed in random order 3 reps of barbell chest presses on the bench and Swiss
ball. Initial weight of 20 kg was increased by 10 kg up to at least 80% of previously
established 1RM under stable conditions. A system FiTRO Dyne Premium was used to
monitor force and velocity and to calculate power. Results showed significantly higher
peak force under stable than unstable conditions, however, only at lower velocities of
0.8 m/s (324.2 N; p<.01), 1.0 m/s (287.5 N; p<.01), 1.2 m/s (232.8 N; p<.05), 1.4 m/s
(212.2 N; p<.05). Also peak power was significantly higher during stable than unstable
chest presses at lower velocities of 0.8 m/s (275.7 W; p<.01), 1.0 m/s (258.7 W; p<.01),
1.2 m/s (241.6 W; p<.01), 1.4 m/s (226.7 W; p<.05). On the other hand, there was a
tendency to produce greater power at higher velocities under unstable than stable
conditions. This may be ascribed so-called rebound effect of Swiss ball contributing to
greater power potentiation when lifting lower weights. However, subjects were not
able to utilize the elasticity of the ball and enhance power at higher weights. These
findings indicate that significant differences exist in the ability to produce force and
power at lower velocities during chest presses on the bench and Swiss ball.
POSTER SESSIONS
28 SEPTEMBER
Poster Sessions 28 September
Poster Session 1 • Chairmen:
R.A. Robles Cabrera (GUATEMALA); A. Bonetti (ITALY)
Poster Session 2 • Chairmen:
L. Magaudda (ITALY); L. Spigolon (ITALY)
Poster Session 3 • Chairmen:
G. Li (CHINA); F. Agrusti (ITALY)
Poster Session 4 • Chairmen:
M. Leglise (FRANCE); G. Ganzit (ITALY)
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
EFFECT OF SPORT-THERAPY: SNOW-ADAPTED PHISICAL ACTIVITY IN WHELL-CHAIR
INVALIDS
Authors
1
D. Carlucci , B. Visconti, F. Bonaccorso, A. Damiolini, L. Vitali, M. Vitale, V. Coiro
Affiliations
1
Graduate School In Physical Exercise And Sport Sciences-university Of Parma, Parma,
2
3
4
5
ITALY, Inail, Brescia, ITALY, Inail, Brescia, ITALY, Inail, Brescia, ITALY, Inail, Bresca,
6
ITALY, Graduate School In Physical Exercise And Sport Sciences-university Of Parma,
7
Parma, ITALY, Graduate School In Physical Exercise And Sport Sciences-university Of
Parma, Parma, ITALY
Body
INTRODUCTION. Sport-therapy represents a useful tool to reach not only a whole
physical and psychical well-being, but also a self-evaluation of the patient. In
wheel-chair invalids, reduced catabolism may increase body weight, and thus risks
of cardiovascular diseases. If physical activity is not enough, the independence of the
patient decreases and can make the invalid unable to overcame even slight
obstacles, such as sidewalk steps or slopes.
PURPOSE (object). To establish whether a program of snow-adapted motor activity can
improve physical and psychological capability.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty invalids were randomly divided in two groups:
Group A followed a program of snow-adapted motor activity for 3 months, whereas
Group C was without physical activity (control). Before and after this period, both
groups underwent anthropometric, physical functional tests and psychological
evaluations. Statistical analysis was performed with the Student T tests for paired
and unpaired data.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS. In Group A, both physical and psychological tests
showed significant positive changes either when compared to the pre-training period
(P<0.001) or when compared to Group C. The response to small entity and intensity
training was positive in subjects of Group A, and increased individual physical
autonomy, socialization and affective life.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Cooper RA et alii. J Rehabil Res Dev – 1999 ; 36 : 142-54
Noreau L et alii. Sports Med – 1995 ; 20 : 226- 50
Guttmann L. Handbook of clinical neurology – 1976 : Cap. 29
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
THE “MUOVITI” PROJECT: CARDIO-PULMONARY AND STRENGHT TRAINING IN ELDERLY
BASED ON INDIVIDUAL HEALTH STATUS.
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
G. Corna , F. Lanfranconi , D. Tenderini , M. Ronchi , L. Pollastri , M. Bartesaghi , M.
1
1
Novarina , G. Miserocchi
Affiliations
1
1department Of Experimental Medicine, Laboratory Of Clinical Physiology And Sport
Medicine, Monza, ITALY
Body
Introduction: muscle weakness is considered an important co-factor/resultant in frail
elders representing a major cause of morbidity and mortality following recurrent falls.
Given the great variability of physical fitness in aging, we aimed at developing a
training program tailored to individual health status. Purpose: project “MUOVITI” was
intended to evaluate the feasibility and sustainability of individual training program in
a groups of residents hosted in a sanitary structure with impaired cognitive status
and/or decreased ability for daily life activities. Methods: thirteen elderly (4 males, 9
females); aged (mean±st.dev: 85.7±5.1 years) and weight (mean±st.dev: 62.2±14.3 kg)
were submitted to an incremental exercise on cycle-ergometer until exhaustion to
measure peak oxygen uptake. The maximum strength of the knee extensors was
measured using a leg extension weight loaded system. The one repetition maximum
load was defined as the highest weight the seated subject could lift one time from 90°
of knee flexion to maximal knee extension. Results: the maximum oxygen uptake
averaged 8.91 mL/min/kg with a coefficient of variation as high as 34%. The maximum
strength for one repetition averaged 22.5 kg with a coefficient of variation also as high
as 51%. No correlation was found by plotting the ratio of maximum oxygen uptake to
maximum strength vs age. The results support a great variability in the functional
parameters considering that are essentially dependent from health status more than
inter-individual difference in age. We therefore set specific individual training
programs to improve: endurance, resistance, flexibility, balance with the aid of sport
scientists.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FEMALE ATHLETES BODY COMPOSITION OF COMBAT
SKILLS IN VENEZUELAN.
Authors
1
M. Marelia E Guillen Mujica
Affiliations
1
Ministerio Del Deporte De Venezuela, Caracas, VENEZUELA
Body
The evaluation of an athlete's weight alone is not sufficient in combat sports, it is
essential to characterize the values of the components of body composition.
Study Objectives: To determine the body composition of Venezuelan combat athletes
for two core competencies.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive study comparing the body composition variables
in two-stage competitive sport of judo, karate and taekwondo. We studied 33 athletes
battle being: 8 female judokas, 14 and 11 athletes from taekwondo karate team
members who represented Venezuela in international competitions. We calculated the
indicators of body composition by Withers et al, 1987 for females to be specific to high
performance athletes.
Results: We applied a Student test for independent samples to the results of both
competitions with no significant differences between the groups analyzed, were found
higher values of% fat to those of other authors the average was 15.7% -. An analysis of
variance one-way (ANOVA) between the mean values found for sport and competition
and there were no significant differences.
Conclusions: The obtained results allow evaluating the components of body
composition in athletes of both light and medium divisions and heavy in the
competitive period in an objective as the proposed scales was obtained experimentally
and serve as a reference in previous stages of the training.
References:
1.
K.Chan1 y cols. Kinathropometric profile of recreational taekwondo athletes
Biology of Sport, Vol. 20 No3, 177. 2003.
2.
Kazemi M y cols. Profile of Olympic Taekwondo ISSN 1667-4030 Site of
Scientific Publications Group on Training. 2009
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
EFFECT OF ALCOHOL ON QT INTERVAL IN YOUNG ITALIAN SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
G. Attisani , I. Attisani , T. Di Gregorio , C. Ruberto , A. Castagna
Affiliations
1
2
3
Centro Medico Fisios Srl, Ravenna, ITALY, Studio Medico Attisani, Locri, ITALY,
4
Azienda Ospedaliera Per L' Emergenza Cannizzaro, Catania, ITALY, Università Degli
5
Studi Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, ITALY, Ausl Di Modena - Uo Cure Primarie, Pavullo
Nel Frignano, ITALY
Body
INTRODUCTION: The alcohol assumption create some changes in cardiac
electrophysiological properties, The study aimed at exploring the correlation between
the alcohol assumption and QT interval in young soccer players.
METHODS: Electrocardiographic analysis of 1080 male athletes (Mean age 14,36, Std.
Deviation 1,69, from 12 to 17 yr old) was performed.
Subjects were classified as abstemious (739, 68,4%), and alcohol consumption ( 341,
31,6%). We have analyzed the HR and QT interval in basal ecg during pre-partecipation
cardiovascular screening.
RESULTS: the average QT interval in abstemious are 36,08 msec (st.dev 1,92) and in
alcohol consumption are 38,42 (st dev. 2,08). We made a Levene’s Test for Equality of
Variances (Sig: 0,00) we made a T test equal variances in order to verify the difference
between means (alpha 0,05). The results are p=0,000.
CONCLUSION: Since there is an interrelation between long QTc and risk of arrhythmias,
our results and the young age of the soccer players suggest that the development of
prevention programs that are specifically designed to meet the unique needs of the
young athletes may be beneficial.
Key words: ECG, soccer,QT interval
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
CORRELATION BETWEEN PULSE PRESSURE VALUES AND YEARS OF PRACTICE IN
COMPETITIVE SOCCER
Authors
1
2
G. Attisani , A. Castagna
Affiliations
1
2
Centro Medico Fisios, Ravenna, ITALY, Ausl Di Modena - Uo Cure Primarie, Pavullo
Nel Frignano, ITALY
Body
Aim of the study:
The goal of this study was to evaluate the variation of the vascular stiffness related to
the years of practice of soccer. We know that pulse pressure is the simplest surrogate
measure of arterial stiffness and elevated values are increasingly being recognized as a
risk factor for cardiovascular disease, particularly coronary disease. PP arises from the
interaction of cardiac ejection (stroke volume) and the properties of the arterial
circulation.
Materials and Methods:
We assessed a population of 226 male subjects who practiced soccer, prospectively
examined in a Sport Medicine clinic. The athletes were selected by the age (from 30 to
40) and by number of years of playing soccer. Group A (n=109): athletes at first annual
clinical examination for sport eligibility; group B (n=117) athletes who have made six or
more consecutive annual visits. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was measured, in
according of COCIS 2009.
Result:
The average values of ulse pressure in A was 45,69 mmHg (SD= 12,28), the average
values of pulse pressure in B was 39,88 mmHg (SD=17,96).
T test for independent samples was: T=2.819, CI 95% from 1.75 to 9.87; p= 0.005
Conclusions:
We observe a lower average value of pulse pressure amounted to 5.88 mmHg.
We conclude that this lower pulse pressure is a indicator of hemodynamic adaptations,
sports induced. It is conceivable that the measurement of arterial stiffness could
become an important part of the routine assessment of athletes, both in sport medical
practice.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
IMPACT OF RULES CHANGES ON KIND OF VERDICTS IN THE LAST 60 YEARS OF
AMATEUR BOXING
Authors
1
1
1
1
2
1
M. Bianco , G. Daniele , F. Giorgiano , V. Palmieri , M. Faina , P. Zeppilli
Affiliations
1
Institute Of Internal Medicine And Geriatrics, Sports Medicine Unit, Catholic
2
University, Rome, ITALY, Study And Research Commission, Italian Boxing Federation,
Rome, ITALY
Body
Introduction:in the last 60ys, several rules’ changes occurred in amateur-boxing (AB).
Our aim is to evaluate their impact on kind of verdicts and possible implications on
boxers’ health.
Methods:from a web-research, the results of AB tournaments from 1952 to 2011 were
reviewed. For each event, we collected the rate of knockout(KO),
referee-stop-contest(RSC), RSC-Head(RSCH), RSC-Injury(RSCI), RSC-Overscore(RSCO,
since 2000), abandon, disqualification and points verdicts. Our analysis investigates the
changes occurred after the introduction of standing-count rule(1964), mandatory
helmets (1984) and modification of bout formula (3x3, till 1997, 4x2 till 2008, 3x3 from
2009).
Results:complete results were available in 198/269 tournaments(29357 bouts). With
the standing-count rule, a RSCI rate increase (p<.03) was observed (0.72 to 2.42%).
With mandatory helmets, there was a reduction of RSCI(2.04 to 0.60%,p<.001) and
KO(6.31 to 3.78%,p<.03) rates, counterbalanced by higher RSCH(1.31 to 4.92%,p<.001)
and RSC(9.71 to 13.05%,p<.03) rate and an increase in the sum of RSC,RSCH and KO
rate (17.33 to 21.75%,p<.04). When bout formula was analysed, from 3x3 to 4x2, a
rate reduction of KO(2.09 to 0.95%,p<.05),RSCH (3.71 to 1.41%,p<.001),RSC (14.79 to
5.91%,p<.001) verdicts and of their sum (20.59 to 8.27%,p<.001) was observed. After
2009 (back to 3x3), no differences occurred.
Conclusions:changes in AB have been associated with modifications of the kind of
verdicts, with possible implications on boxers’ health. The main impact of mandatory
helmets was RSCI reduction. Bout formula changes had a key-effect on KO rate fall.
However, other factors played a role: back to 3x3, the expected re-increase of bouts
ended before time limits wasn’t observed.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
A CASE REPORT OF ACUTE MYOPERICARDITIS MIMICKING A STEMI IN ÈLITE CYCLIST:
PITFALLS IN DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
Authors
1
M. Bolognesi , D. Bolognesi
Affiliations
1
Sports Cardiology Center Medicine, Cesena, ITALY
Body
An emerging and fascinating aspect of sports medicine and cardiology are the diseases,
which were widely reported in the literature, such as myocarditis and / or
myopericarditis simulating acute myocardial infarction in particular, has created large
implications of medical, psychological and prognosis in relation to the sports careers of
elite athletes competitive. This case report describes and documents the clinical and
instrumental procedures evolved a cyclist (MTB) of 58 years once again the importance
of differential diagnosis in patients presenting with signs and symptoms of suspected
or probable AMI in the absence of significant atherosclerotic disease of the vessels
coronary, especially if athletes or individuals at a young age, with no particular
cardiovascular risk factors and with a history suggestive of recent flu-like illness. No
coincidence that the literature contains numerous reports of cases of people affected
by myo(peri) carditis acute, which is able to simulate a clinically-based myocardial
ischemic necrosis, and is widely known as the clinical presentation of myocarditis is
quite variable. This case emphasizes the usefulness of magnetic resonance to
distinguish heart and then confirm with some certainty the diagnosis of acute
myocarditis in patients with symptoms, signs, biochemical, electrocardiographic and
echocardiographic also suggestive of an acute myocardial infarction in the absence of
coronary artery disease angiographically documented significant. The
recommendations include some key aspects of the use of magnetic resonance imaging
These recommendations then promote the MRI as the most reliable and non invasive
diagnostic tool for multifocal myocarditis overcomign the endomyocardial biopsy
which effective alternative.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
SPORT’S RELATED ANTERIOR ILIAC SPINES FRACTURES IN THE ADOLESCENT: SURGICAL
AND CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
F. Calderazzi , F. Pogliacomi , M. Paterlini , T. Corsini , F. Ceccarelli
Affiliations
1
Orthopaedic Clinic Parma University-hospital, Parma, ITALY
Body
Aim of the study: Iliac spines are apophysis of the pelvic ring that might be involved in
avulsion traumas in adolescent in many sport activities due to a sudden and forceful
contraction of the muscles where they take origin. Soccer players, gymnast and high
jumpers are commonly affected. Treatment could be conservative or surgical
according to the size and the amount of the dislocation of the fragment. The aim of
this study is to define the correct approach to these lesions in adolescent athletes by
evaluating the outcomes in our series of cases.
Materials and methods: Between 1988 and 2009 we treated 28 patients with a mean
age of 16 years. 20 cases were treated surgically and 8 conservatively. All patients
were evaluated clinically and radiographically after an average follow-up of 75 months.
Patients were assessed with the Non-arthritic Hip Score. Return to sport performance
was always recorded.
Results: Mean Non-arthritc Hip Score was 97,2 points and return to full sport activity
averaged 81 days. In 9 cases radiographs showed heterotopic bone formation. Three
out of the 20 patients operated developed a postoperative transitory lateral femoral
cutaneous nerve impairment which resolved spontaneously after a mean period of 6
months.
Conclusion: The incidence of these fractures is steadily increasing in young population
due to the earlier and more intensive sports activity. Primarily, in order to avoid
surgery-related complications such as meralgia paresthetica and infections, we prefer
conservative treatment. When fragment size is more than 2 cm and is dislocated more
than 2 cm surgical treatment is indicated and we recommend a fixation with screws for
a more stable fixation and an earlier recovery.
KEYWORDS:
fractures
iliac spines - avulsion fractures - apophysis fractures - young pelvic
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
INFLAMMATORY MYOPATHY AS AN UNUSUAL CASE OF BICEPS BRACHII SHORT HEAD
RUPTURE
Authors
1
2
M. Chung , S. Im
Affiliations
1
2
The Catholic University Of Korea, St. Paul's Hospital, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA, The
Catholic University Of Korea, Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, Bucheon-si, SOUTH KOREA
Body
Introduction
Rupture of the short head of the biceps brachii is rare and is most often associated
with trauma.
Case
A 49-year-old woman was referred to our clinic for right chronic shoulder pain, which
had failed to show any relief after months of physical therapy and analgesics. Physical
examination showed full range of motion with no impingement sign except for mild
proximal weakness of MRC 4 in all four extremities. Of interest, the medial muscle
bulk of the right biceps was palpated at the lower arm with a positive Popeye’s sign.
Plain images from the biceps muscle showed discontinuation of the biceps short head
muscle fiber with surrounding fluid collection. The patient underwent magnetic
resonance imaging (MRI) studies for further evaluation. MRI images showed rupture of
the right biceps brachii at the the short head myotendinous junction with surrounding
signal intensity changes. However, these signal changes were also observed in the
coracobrachialis, brachialis, and the lateral and long head of triceps muscles, raising
the possibility of myopathy. Laboratory tests revealed elevated serum CPK, LDH, AST,
and ALT levels. Nerve conduction studies were normal but electromyographic findings
showed denervation potentials in all limbs with small amplitudes, short duration motor
unit action potentials with increased polyphasities in all tested extremities, suggesting
inflammatory myopathy.
Conclusion
This case draws attention to the fact that although rupture of the biceps short head is
most often associated with trauma and sports-related injuries, it can be rarely
associated with inflammatory myopathy.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
VARIATION IN THE STEP LENGTH DURING BACKWARD WALKING AFTER ANTERIOR
CRUCIATE LIGAMENT DEFICIENCY
Authors
1
K. Corona , D. Viggiano, S. Cerciello, M. Vasso, A. Schiavone Panni
Affiliations
1
Department Of Health Sciences, Università Del Molise, Campobasso, ITALY
Body
Introduction. The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) has a pivotal role for the stability of
the knee. However, it also plays a proprioceptive role in static and dynamic conditions,
such as walking. Surgical ACL reconstruction can restore the biomechanical asset of the
knee, whereas the proprioception may remain abnormal. In the present paper we
exploit the use of a testing procedure based on backward walking, which requires the
integration of both proprioceptive and vestibular informations.
Materials and methods. Patients with complete untreated ACL tear (n=6), with
reconstructed ACL (n=15) and control subjects (n=15) were enrolled in the study.
Healthy subjects and patients were comparable for age, weight and height. All subjects
were soccer athletes. Knee proprioception was tested using the threshold for passive
knee motion. Subjects were then asked to walk on a level treadmill at increasing speed
from 1 to 5 km/h in forward and then in backward directions, wearing passive
reflective markers to study body kinematics.
Results. Patients with ACL reconstruction showed a restoration of knee proprioception,
to a level similar to the healthy subjects. At variance, subjects with ACL deficiency
showed a decrease in their knee proprioception. Moreover, using the backward
walking test we found a longer step size in non-operated subjects, particularly at
higher speed, whereas operated subjects showed a performance similar to control
subjects.
Conclusion. ACL deficiency leads to sensory deficits and variation in the step size
during backward walking as compared to healthy individuals and operated patients.
This is the consequence of the change of proprioceptive information and could lead to
diminished functional responsiveness to the environment demands. Therefore, the
backward walking test might be used as a simple tool to indirectly test proper knee
proprioception.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
FEATURES NEUROLOGICAL SYMPTOMS IN BOXERS WITH TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
Authors
1
I. Dekhtiarov , A. Muravskiy, S. Kolossovskiy
Affiliations
1
2
Ukrainian Center Of Sport Medicine, Kyiv, UKRAINE, National Medical Academy Of
3
Postgraduate Education Named P.l.shupik, Kyiv, UKRAINE, Boxing Federation Of
Ukraine, Kyiv, UKRAINE
Body
The aim: to study the clinical symptoms of neurological syndromes in the selection of
boxers who had a history of repeated traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Material and methods. Under supervision there were 158 boxers amateur level
qualifications, who had a history of repeated TBI. The number of boxing matches
ranged from 25 to 375, the total number of TBI in the form of knockdown (knockout)
ranged from 1 to 15. Boxers were in training camp. In boxers studied complaints,
analyzed clinical symptoms to the selection of neurological syndromes.
Results. Most of our study made boxers-men - 129 (81.65%), women were 29
(18.35%). Among male dominated two age groups 21-25 years (41.09%) and 16-20
years (36.43%). The most frequently diagnosed autonomic dysfunction syndrome
(49.37%), cephalgic (46.20%) and cerebrastenic (33.54%) syndromes. Among the
boxers male dominated autonomic dysfunction syndrome and cephalgic syndrome,
among boxers women - cephalgic and cerebrastenic syndromes. If men liquor
hypertensive syndrome occurred in 22.48% of cases, the women - not met even once.
Extrapyramidal syndrome in women met four times more often and dyssomnia three
times more often than men. Describing the frequency of neurological syndromes,
depending on the amount of spent matches, can be concluded that the group of
boxers who had over 200 fights often met all neurological syndromes except
cerebrastenic.
Conclusions. In boxers with repeated mild TBI found a number of neurological
syndromes. Among them was dominated autonomic dysfunction syndrome, cephalgic
and cerebrastenic syndromes. Most neurological syndromes occur in boxers who have
spent more than 200 matches.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
TREATMENT OF HIP OSTEOARTHRITIS WITH ULTRASOUND-GUIDED INJECTION OF A
NEW HYALURONIC ACID (HYMOVIS-HYADD4): OUR EXPERIENCE AND PRELIMINARY
RESULTS
Authors
1
G. Francavilla
Affiliations
1
2
Policlinico Paolo Giaccone, Palermo, ITALY, Ospedale S.antonio Abate, Trapani,
ITALY
Body
AIM OF THE STUDY:
To evaluate the effectiveness of treatment with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) of partial
tears of the posterior cruciate ligament in young athletes.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
We enrolled nine patients (6 men and 4 women, age range: 18-39 years, mean age: 27
years) who had suffered a partial tear of posterior cruciate ligament diagnosed by MRI
and ultrasound. We performed a single ultrasound-guided injection of PRP.
The clinical outcome was assessed using a visual-analogue scale (VAS) of pain on the
day of injection (T0), after three weeks (T1), after six weeks (T2); in addition, to assess
the structure of the ligament, we repeated ultrasound at T1 and T2, and MRI at T2.
RESULTS:
A statistically significant improvement in pain index and a reduced recovery time in
sporting activities has been observed in all patients already at T1. The ultrasound
images confirmed a marked reduction of inhomogeneities of fibrillar architecture at T1
and a complete recovery at T2, confirmed by MRI.
CONCLUSIONS:
The first clinical results are encouraging, indicating that the PRP injections have the
potential to accelerate the return to sport activity in young athletes who have suffered
a partial tear of posterior cruciate ligament.
REFERENCES:
Mishra A, et al. Treatment of tendon and muscle using platelet-rich plasma. Clin Sports
Med 2009; 28:113-125.
Sampson S, et al. Platelet rich plasma injection grafts for musculoskeletal injuries: a
review. Curr Rev Musculoskeletal Med 2008; 1:165-174.
Owens RF Jr, et al. Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging outcomes following
platelet rich plasma injection for chronic midsubstance Achilles tendinopathy. Foot
Ankle Int 2011; 32(11):1032-9
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
INTRATENDINOUS DISTRIBUTION OF ACHILLES TENDINOSIS
Authors
1
2
3
L. Geukens , M. Bultheel , K. Peers
Affiliations
1
2
3
Uz Leuven, Leuven, BELGIUM, Uz Leuven, Leuven, BELGIUM, Uz Leuven, Leuven,
BELGIUM
Body
Objective
To describe the variation in the location of the intratendinous zone of tendinosis in the
Achilles tendon.
Design
Retrospective
Methods
The ankle ultrasound scans of all patients who presented during 2010 in the University
Hospital of Leuven with pain in the Achilles region were retrospectively analysed and
classified.
Classification occured into the following three categories: tendinosis, reactive
tendinopathy or other (e.g. normal scan, peritendinopathy, bursitis,...).
The tendinosis group was subdivided according to the location of the tendinosis zone
into proximal or insertional, which were further subdivided into anterior, posterior or
both.
Results
The ultrasound scans from 395 tendons. In 55,5% of the patients with pain in the
Achilles region tendinosis was seen, in 18,8% reactive tendinopathy and in 25,7%
something else. The results showed that in 68,2% the tendinosis zone was proximal,
whereas in 31,8 % it was insertional.
The proximal tendinosis zone was mostly found right across the width of the tendon
(57%), but also anteriorly (15,2%) and posteriorly (27,8%).
The insertional tendinosis zone however was mostly found posteriorly (49,3%),
followed by anteriorly (27,3%) and then across the width of the tendon (23,4%).
Conclusions
This study provides a better view on the relative distribution of the tendinosis zone in
Achilles tendinopathy. However, further research is needed to determine whether a
difference in treatment approach according to the location of the tendinosis zone is
necessary.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
CHRONIC EXERTIONAL COMPARTMENT SYNDROME OF THE FOREARM
Authors
1
M. Henriques
Affiliations
1
Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte - Department Of Physical And Rehabilitation
Medicine, Lisboa, PORTUGAL
Body
Objective: Recognize the chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the forearm as
a common and underestimated cause of disabling pain among manual workers and
athletes across a variety of sports.
Design and Method: Review of the literature available on Pubmed data-base and
Google Scholar after searching for “exertional compartment syndrome” and
“forearm”.
Results: The chronic exertional compartment syndrome is defined as an intermittent
and reversible pathologic elevation of compartment pressures following exertion.
There are few reports where the forearm is affected; its typically benign presentation
difficult the diagnosis, but it can significantly affect both athletic performance and
quality of life. Anatomically, forearm can be described as containing three muscular
compartments in addition to the osseous compartments. This pathology diagnosis is
based on a characteristic clinical history and intra-compartmental pressures
measurement. Treatment can be conservative or surgical, but only the last one is
definitive.
Conclusions: Forearm complaints during exercise that resolve at rest shouldn’t be
ignored. An early diagnosis and treatment ensure the capacity of performing any
activity and prevent future complications.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
LABORATORY PARAMETERS RELATED TO DIFFERENT SPORTS IN YOUNG SPORT
PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
I. Karagjozova , B. Dejanova , J. Pluncevic , S. Petrovska , N. Nikolovska , S. Nikolic
Affiliations
1
Institute Of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University Ss. Cyril And Methodius, Skopje,
FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
Body
The aim of the study was to evaluate laboratory parameters in different sports
concerning influence of exercise intensity to total energy expenditure.
Three groups of sport players at age of 14.8±1.5 years were examined: soccer players
(SP) - intermittent high intensity sport with moderate to high dynamic and low static
demands (n=21); water polo players (WP) - high intensity with moderate to high
dynamic and static demands (n=19); and karate players (KP) - skill based sport with low
dynamic and moderate to high static demands (n=20). The following parameters were
investigated: body weight (BW) and body height (BH), body mass index (BMI), muscle
mass (MM) and bone mass (BM), maximal oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate during 10
minute treadmill exercise; and hematological parameters.
While BW and BH did not show any difference among the groups, the highest BMI,
24±3.8kg/m² (p<0.001) and MM 54±3.2% (p<0.05) with the lowest BM 17±1.9% were
found in WP. The highest VO2 of 42.4±4.5 ml/kg/min was found in SP v.s. the lowest
one in WP of 37.25±7.9ml/kg/min (p<0.01). Heart rate at 10th min. exercise: in
SP-156±10/min, in KP-161±12/min. and in WP-162±12/min. No differences were found
for hematological parameters among the sport player groups.
Due to obtained results, we may conclude that SP have the highest performances
regarding to the specific requirements. These findings show that much more strength
and endurance are related to high intensity sport with high dynamic demand such as
soccer than moderate intensity and low dynamic sports such as water polo and karate,
respectively.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
INDIRECT ULTRASOUND GUIDANCE INCREASED ACCURACY OF THE GLENOHUMERAL
JOINT INJECTION USING THE SUPERIOR APPROACH
Authors
1
2
3
D. Park , J. Kim , M. Kim
Affiliations
1
2
The Catholic University Of Korea, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA, The Catholic University Of
3
Korea, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA, The Catholic University Of Korea, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA
Body
Objective: We reported the accuracy of the superior glenohumeral joint injection and
side effects of biceps tendon penetration. The aim of this study was to investigate
whether or not indirect ultrasound guidance could increase accuracy of the
glenohumeral joint injection using the superior approach.
Design and Method: Twelve shoulders from 7 adult cadavers were anatomically
dissected after a dye injection had been performed, with cadavers in the supine
position. Before the injection, a clinician determined the injection point using the
ultrasound and more internal axial arm rotation compared previous study was
positioned. Injection confidence scores and injection accuracy scores were rated.
Results: The clinician’s confidence score were high in 92% (11 of 12 shoulders) and
injection accuracy scores were 100% (12 of 12 shoulders). The long heads of biceps
tendons were not penetrated at all.
Conclusions: Indirect ultrasound guidance and positioning shoulder internally rotated
at 60-70 degree during the superior glenohumeral joint injection would be very
effective way to avoid damage to the long head of biceps tendons and to get high
accuracy of injection.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
CYCLOPS SYNDROME
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
L. Lima , I. Popik , P. Casalta , M.I. Simões , V. Ermida , F. Agostinho , J. Cardoso , J.
1
Caldas
Affiliations
1
2
Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu - Department Of Pmr, Viseu, PORTUGAL, Centro
Hospitalar Tondela Viseu - Department Of Orthopedics, Viseu, PORTUGAL
Body
CYCLOPS SYNDROME
Lima. L., Popik I., Casalta P., Simões M.I., Ermida V., Agostinho F., Cardoso J., Caldas J.
Objectives:
We pretend to describe the surgery and rehabilitation program targeted for two active
individuals with cyclops syndrome.
Methods:
We describe two case reports of young male athletes who developed symptoms and
nodule in the anterior cruciate ligament after reconstruction surgery.
Results:
The cruciate ligaments are a crucial intra-articular structure essential for the normal
function of the knee. They are frequently injured during complex movements in sports
and is a common debilitating condition that may keep the athlete away from
competition for long periods of time. One of the most used treatments for the
pathological laxity of the anterior cruciate ligament is the endoscopic reconstruction
with patellar tendon autograft, although not without its complications. One of them is
the cyclops syndrome, which is the formation of a fibrous nodule (termed cyclops
nodule). This complication has been reported in the last years mainly as a result of
anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and, not so commonly, after partial lesion
without surgical intervention.
Conclusion:
The rehabilitation program, along with the surgical technique, is of paramount
importance in the prevention and treatment of the Cyclops syndrome.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
AVOIDING CHRONIC COMPLICATIONS OF THE ANKLE SPRAIN – DESCRIPTION OF AN
EVIDENCE-BASED REHABILITATION PROGRAM
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
L. Lima , I. Popik , P. Casalta , M.I. Simões , V. Ermida , F. Agostinho, J. Caldas
Affiliations
1
2
Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu - Department Of Pmr, Viseu, PORTUGAL, Centro
Hospitalar Tondela Viseu - Department Of Orthopedics, Viseu, PORTUGAL
Body
AVOIDING CHRONIC COMPLICATIONS OF THE ANKLE SPRAIN – DESCRIPTION OF AN
EVIDENCE-BASED REHABILITATION PROGRAM
Lima L., Popik I., Casalta P., Simões M.I., Ermida V., Agostinho F., Caldas J.
Objectives:
We pretend to create a simple, easy to apply and evidence based rehabilitation
program, taking into account the severity of the ligamentous disruption in cases of
ankle sprain.
Design and Method:
We searched databases from MEDLINE and Cochrane Library in order to develop a
systematic review of the latest randomized controlled trials available.
Results:
The ankle sprain is one of the most common sport related injuries and may include
lateral and medial ankle sprain and also syndesmotic sprain. It is well known that the
risk of subsequent ankle sprain in the active athlete is very high. The recurrence of this
problem is related to the possibility of developing chronic ankle instability.
Conclusion:
A good rehabilitation program is essential in order to avoid the recurrence of the
sprain and its chronification.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
ACUTE ORBITAL COMPARTMENT SYNDROME: A RARE BUT THREATENING SEQUELAE
OF SPORT INJURY
Authors
1
2
3
3
1
E. Magaudda , I. Varley , A. Kanatas , L.M. Carter , F.S. De Ponte
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Maxillofacial Surgery, University Of Messina, Messina, ITALY,
Department Of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Bradford Teaching Hospital, Bradford,
3
UNITED KINGDOM, Department Of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Leeds Dental
Institute, Leeds, UNITED KINGDOM
Body
OBJECTIVE: Acute orbital compartment syndrome is a rare but treatable complication
of increased pressure within the confined orbital space. The condition presents with
recognizable physical findings and progressive visual deficit. We present clinical cases
that illustrates the concept of acute orbital compartment syndrome, each different
aetiology and their outcome following emergency intervention.
METHODS: Orbital compartment syndrome can occur in fractures of the
zigomatico-orbital complex following sports injuries. We present clinical examples of
this syndrome with varying aetiology, describing their management and outcomes,
RESULTS: the emergency procedure of choice for acute acute visual acuity loss
assosieted with acute orbital compartment syndrome is dissection of the lateral
canthus and disinsertion of canthal tendon, wich allows complete mobility of the lower
eyelid.
CONCLUSION: the rapid diagnosis and management of sight threatening acute orbital
compartment syndrome are the treatment of choice. Although the mechanism of
causation was different in each of the presented cases, all presented with similar
discernible physical signs and symptoms indicating impending irreversible visual
deterioration: all that reinforces the need for early intervention.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
THE USE OF THE ORCHARD SPORTS INJURY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM (OSICS) VERSION
10.1 WITHIN A MILITARY SPORTS MEDICINE CLINIC
Authors
1
K. Micallef Stafrace , T. Loney, M. Al Shehhi
Affiliations
1
2
Institute For Physical Education & Sport, University Of Malta, Msida, MALTA,
Department Of Community Medicine, Faculty Of Medicine And Health Sciences, United
3
Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES, Sheikha Fatima Women
Sports Academy, Abu Dhabi, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Body
The Orchard Sports Injury Classification System is one of the world’s most commonly
used systems for coding injury diagnosis in sports injury surveillance systems. It was
developed in 1992 and is available for free. The OSICS-10.1 was released in 2010 and is
a slightly updated version of OSICS-10. Like the OSICS-10, OSICS-10.1 uses a 4 character
system and by virtue of a greater number of codes, is able to give more comprehensive
diagnostic differentiation.
The aim of this research was to review the practicality of the OSICS 10.1 within the
Military. Data was collected from a twice weekly sports medicine clinic that was held
within a regional military base in the Middle East. Over a 12 month period spanning
2010 and 2011, 1944 visits were registered, of which 630 were new cases. The new
cases were classified utilizing the 4 character system of the OSICS 10.1. The findings
indicated an injury distribution that was similar to the findings in other military studies
with preponderance for lower limb injuries (53%) and torso injuries (21%).
This study further emphasized that the OSICS 10.1 is an efficient and practical
classification for sporting injuries. Its utilization within the military setting carries
merit. However, the introduction of certain parameters pertinent to the military
scenario, such as recruitment findings, would possible make this system a more
encompassing one.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
ACUTE BRIEF HIGH-INTENSITY INTERMITTENT EXERCISE INCREASES QTC INTERVAL IN
OBESE ADULTS
Authors
1
1
1
J. Nie , Q. Shi , C.K. Lao
Affiliations
1
School Of Physical Education And Sports, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao,
MACAU
Body
Low-volume high-intensity intermittent training has been shown to produce
substantial improvements in aerobic exercise capacity and glycemic homeostasis. Thus,
this novel time-efficient training paradigm has been suggested to use as a strategy to
reduce metabolic risk factors in sedentary populations. However, whether an acute
low-volume high-intensity intermittent exercise (LHIE) would affect QTc interval, an
index of ventricular depolarization/repolarization, is not known. The purpose of this
study was to examine QT interval before and after an acute LHIE bout. Eleven obese
sedentary adults (age: 25.3 ±4.8yr; BMI: 32.4 ± 3.9) performed a LHIE session consisted
of four “all-out” 30-s Wingate tests with 4 min of recovery. QT interval (corrected by
heart rate, QTc) was measured pre-exercise, immediately post-exercise and at 30-min
intervals thereafter within 180 min. QTc length increased (vs. pre-exercise: 419±14 ms,
p<0.05) immediately (462±11), 30min (447±15 ms) and 60min (438±17 ms) after HIE,
with an incomplete return at 90min (426±17ms, p=0.06) post-exercise. QTc length had
returned to baseline by 120 min (421±20ms) post exercise. Thus, during recovery from
acute HIE, there is prolongation of depolarization and repolarization of the ventricles.
Given drugs that produce mild QT prolongation (i.e., 5–10ms) in healthy individuals
have been found to induce much greater and clinically relevant prolongation in
susceptible populations (Indik et al. 2006), it is reasonable to speculate that risk of
untoward cardiovascular events is increased following such exercise, especially in
at-risk populations.
Reference
Indik JH, et al. Heart Rhythm 2006; 3: 1003-7
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
FAST-ECHO METHOD FOR SCREENING AORTIC BICUSPID VALVE IN COMPETITIVE
ATHLETES: OBSERVATIONS OF A SPORTS MEDICINE CENTRE
Authors
1
1
G. Saba , G. Boni
Affiliations
1
2
Sports Medicine Center, Foligno, ITALY, Sports Medicine Center, Foligno, ITALY
Body
From January 2008 to January 2012 the echocardiographic method (FAST-ECHO) was
used for routine testing of athletes. 996 asymptomatic athletes were observed
consecutively. Echocardiography allowed us to identify 11 athletes (1.1%) with
bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). These subjects underwent a complete cardiological
check-up and in all eleven athletes the diagnosis of bicuspidia was confirmed. Of
these 11 athletes, 10 (90.9%) presented the most frequent phenotype, ie.
antero-posterior (R-L) and 1 the right-left (R-N) phenotype.
In 2 subjects
(18.18%) an ectasia (<45mm) of the aortic ascendant was observed. One of these
subjects presented an association with the right-left phenotype.
Of those
remaining , 5 (45.45%) had no valvular problems, 3 (27.27%) presented a mild and
hemodynamically irrelevant aortic insufficiency , 1 subject (9.09%) presented a
mild-moderate regurgitation and 1 subject (9.09%) presented a mild valvular
steno-insufficiency. All subjects continue in physical activity and follow-up – no
drop-outs reported.
Conclusions
The addition of the echocardiographic method FAST ECHO in sports medicine testing
allowed for the diagnosis of a congenital cardiopathy such as bicuspid aortic valve
(often misdiagnosed) in asymptomatic athletes, in which the pathology was not yet
known. Given that only a brief training period is necessary in M and B-Mode and
Color Doppler echocardiography with a cardiologist as tutor the benefits are clear.
Hence, FAST-ECHO should become an integral part of routine screening of both
amateur and competitive athletes.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
BLOOD PRESSURE RESPONSE TO PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN CHILDREN PARTICIPATING IN
DIFFERENT SPORT DISCIPLINES.
Authors
1
2
1
K. Szmigielska , A. Szmigielska-kaplon , A. Jegier
Affiliations
1
2
Departament Of Sports Medicine, Medical University Of Lodz, Lodz, POLAND,
Departament Of Hematology, Medical University Of Lodz, Lodz, POLAND
Body
Introduction: The aim of this study was to characterize the blood pressure response to
physical exercise in young athletes.
Material and method: We studied 711 young athletes (457 boys, 254 girls) between
the ages of 10 to 18 years (mean age 13,41 ± 3,12 years) training different sports
disciplines. Studied subjects trained for 1 hours to 24 hours per week, an average of
7,62 hours ± 4,2 hours. They have been training for 1 year to 15 years, an average of
4,01 ± 2,5 years. All of studied subjects underwent physical examination and
submaximal, symptom-limited, multistage protocol exercise test on cycloergometr.
Blood pressure measurements were performed at rest, in the third minute of each
stage of the exercise test and during the restitution.
Results: Mean systolic blood pressure measured at the peak of exercise was
significantly higher in boys than in girls (181,8 ± 29,39 mmHg and 165,1 ± 23,1
respectively) while mean diastolic blood pressure measured at the peak of exercise
was 77,6 ± 7,7 mmHg in boys and 75,1 ± 8,35 mmHg in girls. These values did not differ
significantly between children training various sport disciplines, but were dependent
on age. Relation between blood pressure, the load during exercise test and the age of
young athletes was shown by the linear regression model.
Conclusions: Analysis of the results enabled to describe the reference values of blood
pressure measurements during exercise which in practice will be helpful in early
diagnosis of hypertension or white coat hypertension in young athletes.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
THE MEDICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL NEEDS OF HAITIAN PAN AMERICAN AND OLYMPIC
ATHLETES: AN OPPORTUNITY TO SUPPORT RESILIENCE AFTER A DISASTER
Authors
1
2
E. Yim , G. Ciottone
Affiliations
1
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center - Department Of Emergency Medicine, Boston,
2
USA, Harvard Medical School - Section Of Disaster Medicine, Boston, USA
Body
OBJECTIVE: We describe the burden of medical and psychosocial distress affecting elite
athletes relative to the general population of Haiti after the 2010 earthquake.
DESIGN AND METHOD: The study group comprised 111 athletes, aged 12-18 years,
training for the Pan American and Olympic games. The control group comprised an
equal number of age- and gender- matched children from the general population.
Medical teams assessed subjects using history and physical examination, while
psychosocial teams employed the Child Psychosocial Distress Screener. A p-value <
0.05 was statistically significant.
RESULTS: The most prevalent medical complaint in athletes was musculoskeletal
pain, which was significantly more common than in the controls (49.0% versus 2.9%).
All other medical complaints were significantly more common in the controls than
athletes: abdominal pain (28.8% versus 4.8%), headache (22.1% versus 5.8%), fever
(15.4% versus 1.0%), and malnutrition (18.3% versus 1.9%). In contrast, there was no
significant difference in mean psychosocial scores and the proportion of scores
indicating treatment between athletes and controls.
CONCLUSIONS: Haitian athletes have a low prevalence of most medical complaints
after the disaster, suggesting that they may be protected from risk factors affecting the
general population. However, athletes have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal
ailments and were not protected from psychosocial distress. This presents an
opportunity for sports medicine physicians and mental health providers to engage in
efforts to rebuild Haiti on an individual level by providing targeted care to athletes and
on a larger scale by supporting international sports competition, which enhances
human capital and facilitates public diplomacy.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
THE KINEMATICS OF ANATOMICAL SINGLE-BUNDLE AND DOUBLE-BUNDLE ACL
RECONSTRUCTION IN MEDIAL MENISCUS-DEFICIENT KNEES
Authors
1
2
2
2
1
J. Zhou , M. Linde-rosen , P. Somolinski , G. Li , F.H. Fu
Affiliations
1
2
National Insititute Of Sports Medicine, Beijing, CHINA, 1university Of Pittsburgh,
Department Of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pittsburgh, USA
Body
Objective: To investigate the effect of SB and DB ACL reconstruction in the medial
meniscus-deficient knee.
Methods: Sixteen fresh frozen knees were divided into single-bundle and double
–bundle reconstructed groups. A robot/universal force moment system (UFS) testing
system was used to test anterior tibial translation (ATT), internal rotation (IR) and
external rotation (ER) . Test was performed on the intact knee, medial
meniscus-deficient knee, after ACL resection and single-bundle or double bundle
anatomical ACL reconstruction.All the ACL reconstructions were done by three-portal
technique. For DB group, the AM and PL tunnel positions were selected in the middle
of AM and PL insertion sites on both femur and tibia. For the SB group, the tibial and
femoral tunnels were drilled between the center of AM and PL insertion sites of the
tibia and femur.
Results: There is significant difference for IR and ER degree between the medial
meniscus deficiency status and ACL deficiency status. (P<0.01) Anatomic
double-bundle reconstruction group reduced ATT more than anatomic single-bundle
group in 30 and 60 degree knee flexion(P<0.05) especially in 60 degree(P<0.01).
Anatomic double-bundle reconstruction can decrease more IR angle than anatomic
single-bundle.
Conclusion: Medial meniscectomy showed some effects on internal and external
rotation in 30 and 60 flexion degrees. Anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction
could reduce internal rotation laxity compared with the anatomic single-bundle ACL
reconstruciton in medial meniscus deficient model.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
NON INVASIVE CARDIOVASCULAR SCREENING OF COMPETITIVE ATHLETES BY
AUTOMATED MEASUREMENT OF CAROTID ARTERIAL WALLS CHANGES
Authors
1
M. Mokhtari Dizaji
Affiliations
1
Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Sudden death in athletes is due to cardiovascular diseases. In young athletes, the
leading causes are congenital cardiac diseases. But most of deaths in older athletes are
due to coronary artery disease. Therefore, in order to prevent sudden death, it is
better that the athletes were screened for the cardiovascular diseases before
competition. Functional disturbances of the vascular wall may occur early in the
atherosclerotic process even before the anatomical changes of intima-media
thickening become perceptible. Therefore the study of dynamic arterial wall properties
in major arteries is becoming more common. This study focuses on a computerized
analyzing method for the detecting the instantaneous changes of the far and the near
walls of the common carotid artery in sequential ultrasound images by applying the
maximum gradient algorithm. The algorithm was evaluated in in-vivo study on the
common carotid artery of 10 healthy volunteers. Local measurements of vessel
intensity, intensity gradient and boundary continuity are extracted for all of the
sequential ultrasonic frames throughout three cycles. We extracted the instantaneous
changes of the far the near arterial walls and so the lumen diameter. The manual
measurements were applied and compared for validation of automatic method. Then
peak systolic, end diastolic and mean diameters extracted by automated method were
compared with the same parameters measured by manual method throughout three
cycles. It is proposed that by extraction of the instantaneous movement of arterial
walls, we can detect atherosclerosis in the early stages of disease process
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AND ERGONOMIC STATUS IN ISFAHAN’S TEACHERS
Authors
1
1
2
M. Afzalpour , S. Ilbeigi , G. Ghasemi
Affiliations
1
University Of Birjand, Department Of Physical Education And Sport Sciences, Birjand,
2
IRAN, University Of Isfahan, Department Of Physical Education And Sport Sciences,
Isfahan, IRAN
Body
Objective: The aim of research is determine musculoskeletal disorders prevalence and
ergonomic status in Isfahan’s teachers and effects of selected corrective exercises on
work-related musculoskeletal problems.
Design and Method: Statistical society were elementary school theachers(N=650) of
Isfahan city. Nordic questionnaire was distributed among 230 teachers and 30 out of
whom suffering from musculoskeletal disorders were identified samples. Nordic
questionnaire was used for study of work-related musculoskeletal disorders of
prevalence. In the present study it is determined 4 occupational tasks for teachers and
Quick Exposure Check and photography were applied for collecting data. It is applied 8
weeks corrective exercises and ergonomic intervention for reduction of
musculoskeletal problems.
Results: Results showed that the prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disorders was as
follows: in lumbar(62.2%), neck(47.4%), shoulder(45.2%), knee(42.2%) and
wrist/hand(36.1%) respectively. According to the results of Quick Exposure Check, 75%
tasks of the studied teachers were in high level. Following 8 weeks corrective exercises
and ergonomic intervention significant improvements were observed in the rate of
lumbar disorders, shoulder, neck and wrist/hand(p<0.05) so that neck(70%),
lumbar(66.66%), shoulder(53.33%) and wrist(50%) pains.
Conclusion: According to the results, the prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disorders
in the studied teachers was rather high and the corrective exercises and ergonomic
intervention reduced musculoskeletal disorders in teachers, therefore correction of
body posture during teaching is recommended.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
ADHERENCE TO CARDIAC REHABILITATION
Authors
1
1,2
1
1
1
F. Albuquerque Drummond , G. Rosito , M. Vanoni , H. Pinheiro , D. Soares , T.
1
1
Theves , L. Dias
Affiliations
1
2
Integrated Center Of Exercise Medicine - Hosp. Mãe De Deus, Porto Alegre, BRAZIL,
Universidade Das Ciências Da Saúde - Ufcspa, Porto Alegre, BRAZIL
Body
INTRODUCTION
Cardiac Rehabilitation is associated with a reduction between 20% and 30% in
mortality in patients recovering from heart disease. Adherence to rehabilitation
programs is a key component to evaluate the effectiveness in cardiac secondary
prevention and improvement in life quality. The aim of this study is to verify patient
characteristics associated to adherence in a Multiprofessional Cardiac Rehabilitation
Program.
METHODS
The study involved a review of medical records of patients that entered CIME
cardiac rehabilitation program within the period of January 2008 and July 2011. The
reasons for abandonments were actively monitored. Adherence was measured by the
ratio of the number of abandonments and the total of patients who started the
program during the period. Statistical analyses for the frequencies of abandonments in
different categories were measured through the chi-square test with a significance
level of 5%.
RESULTS
The average age of the 101 patients who agreed to participate was 66 years. The main
reason for abandoning the program was health problems (29.4%), followed by
personal reasons (23.5%), factors associated with the programs (22.1%) unknown
reasons (13.2%) and other kinds of exercises or locals to practice them (11.8%). There
were significant associations of individuals who remained in Cardiac Rehabilitation
with Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (31.2% vs. 17.7%, p = 0.02), Heart Failure (7.8% vs.
1.6%, p = 0.04), Arrhythmias (16.9% vs. 4.8%, p = 0.01) and dyslipidemia (74.0% vs.
56.5%, p = 0.02).
CONCLUSIONS
Adherence in cardiac rehabilitation programs is associated with disease severity and
deterioration of health status can compromise it.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
ACUTE EFFECTS ON CHANGE OF HEART RATE OF A GROUP OF PRE-DIABETIC SUBJECTS
UNDERWENT OF A COMBINED STRENGTH AND AEROBIC TRAINING PROGRAM*
Authors
1
2
2
2
3
1
1
G. Attene , G. Satta , G.C. Steri , S. Santus , F. Velluzzi , L. Cugusi , M. Massidda
Affiliations
1
2
3
University Of Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Sisp Asl8, Cagliari, ITALY, Uo Obesità
Dipartimento Scienze Mediche Mario Aresu Università Di Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY
Body
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular response of a group of
pre-diabetic subjects underwent of a combined strength and aerobic training program.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of thirty-three overweight and pre-diabetic
subjects (25 female, 8 men, 55.6 ± 5.38, years, BMI: 35.57 ± 6.05) completed the
training program as follows: 5 minutes of continuous running at 5 km/h for 4 sets
interspersed by 4 minutes of upper limbs counter-resistance exercises. Heart rate was
monitorized during the entire training session by mean of Polar RS 400
RESULTS: During the 5 km/h running the subjects worked at 71.0 ± 7.7% of Fmax T,
while during the 4 periods of 4 minutes counter-resistance exercise the heart rate has
amounted at 65.1 ± 7.1% of Fmax T. There was a significant difference between the
heart rate measured during the 5 minutes of 4 series of gear vs. 4 minutes for 4 series
of exercises against resistance for the upper limbs (p <0.03). The average heart rate
measured during the 36 minutes of exercise was 67.8 ± 7.7% of Fmax T.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that the proposed training protocol combined
by aerobic-strength exercises is in line with the main international guidelines on the
prescription of exercise intensity in pre-diabetic and obese population.
*The study is a part of the Project ”Movimento è Vita” financed by PPR Sardegna
2010-12, Servizio Prevenzione. Ass. To Sanità.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
A COUPLED INDIRECT CALORIMETRY TO ERGOMETRIS TEST FOR OPTIMAL EXERCISE
PRESCRIPTION IN SEVERE OBESITY WITH ASSOCIATED CARDIAC DISEASE
Authors
1
G. Battistini
Affiliations
1
Villa Igiea Hospital, Forli', ITALY
Body
Key words: obesity, physical activity,Those patients affected by obesity and associated
cardiac disease represent a challenge for rehabilitation. Medical literature does not
offer indications with respect to the optimal elaboration of programmes for physical
rehabilitation, which hold account of both the cardiac aspects and also the metabolic
ones tied to the high-grade obesity. The association of indirect calorimetry to the
ergometric test could represent a useful instrument in this respect
In a group of obese patients (n= 57, M=48, F =9, medium age 55,1 ± 12,0), hospitalized
for multidisciplinary assessment and rehabilitation in the metabolic ward or day-care
ward for obesity with associated cardiac diseases, the rehabilitation program was set
up after ecg stress test with indirect calorimetry for the appraisal of the VO2 max.
Regarding to the formula traditional used for the training calculation of the cardiac
frequency (i.e. 220 - age in years), the value of training cardiac frequency (CF)
evaluated in the subjects with cardiac disease on the basis of the result of the coupled
ergometric test and indirect calorimetry, turned out to be significantly lower than the
theoretical value, which therefore resulted to overestimate the optimal training
cardiac frequency.
During the rehabilitation period, no adverse events occurred during - or immediately
after - the prescribed aerobic physical exercise at the training CF set the base of the
coupled indirect calorimetry-ergometric test.
Conclusions: indirect calorimetry to ergometric ECG test represents a useful tool in the
optimization of the programming of the physical rehabilitation in obese patients with
associated cardiac disease.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
FAIR STABILITY OVER TIME OF THE LEVEL OF MAXIMAL LIPID OXIDATION AT EXERCISE.
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
J. Brun , A. Romain , M. Guiraudou , C. Fedou , J. Mercier
Affiliations
1
Inserm U1046, Montpellier, FRANCE
Body
The level of maximal lipid oxidation at exercise (LIPOXmax or FATmax) is an exercise
intensity, variable among individuals, at which a steady state exercise performed over
45-60 minutes uses the greatest lipid/carbohydrate ratio and thus minimizes
carbohydrate waste. This level has been demonstrated to be highly reproducible if
tested in standardized conditions and is modified by a host of physiological or
pathological situations. Whether it is stable over long periods of time remained
unknown. We had the possibility to measure this stability in a database of 1600
exercise calorimetries performed in our unit since 1998 and including several patients
that did not modify their exercise or eating habits and re-tested after a mean interval
of 30 months. Patients (n=11) represented a wide range of age (28- 74 years), body
mass index (22 to 46.7 kg/m²) and aerobic capacity, their LIPOXmax ranged between a
power of 18 to 123 watts and their maximal fat oxidation rate (MFO) ranged between
75 and 423 mg/min. There was a remarkable stability of the LIPOXmax expressed in
crude power (r=0.993 p<0.001; Bland Altman plots: mean difference -2.36 CI: [-3.33 to
8.06]. MFO was less reproducible over those long periods of time (r=0.694 p<0.02 ;
mean difference 4 CI: [-53 to 61]). Therefore, the power at which lipid oxidation
reaches a maximal during exercise remains stable over a mean period of 30 months if
diet and exercise habits are not modified.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
IMPAIRED ENERGY EXPENDITURE DESPITE NORMAL CARDIOVASCULAR CAPACITY IN
TYPE 1 DIABETES PREPUBERTAL CHILDREN
Authors
1
1
2
1
1
3
G. Cafiero , D. Fintini , B. Di Giacinto , A. Turchetta , U. Giordano , M. Cappa , A.
2
1
Pelliccia , A. Calzolari , .
Affiliations
1
Cardiorespiratory And Sport Medicine Unit,bambino Gesù Children Hospital, Irccs,
2
3
Rome, ITALY, Institute Of Sport Medicine And Science, Rome, ITALY, Endocrinology
And Diabetes Unit,bambino Gesù Children Hospital, Irccs, Rome, ITALY
Body
Background: Benefit of fitness on children affected by Type 1 Diabetes (T1DM) is still
debated. Aim: to evaluate the influence of regular physical activity on metabolic
balance and exercise tolerance in prepubertal children affected by T1DM.
Methods: We analyzed 35 prepubertal T1DM children compared with 31 matched
controls using activity monitor (SenseWear Armbad, SWA) and physical activity
questionnaire (PAQ) to assess energy expenditure, total and active (EE), self-reported
and measured sedentary and physical activities. Maximal cardiopulmonary exercise
test (CPET) was also performed.
Results: Total physical activities and total and active EE (>3 Mets) resulted higher in
controls than T1DM patients and that self reported perception of physical and
sedentary activities was altered in T1DM children as well in controls and different
from measured data. No difference were found in CPET parameters with exception
than a higher maximal blood pressure in T1DM children. In multivariate analysis HbA1c
negatively correlated with VO2.
Conclusion: Prepubertal T1DM children seem to have lower level of physical activity
and EE and a probable altered feeling of physical and sedentary activities. On the other
hand T1DM children do not show alteration of cardiovascular performance, although
the glycemic control (HbA1c) may play a role in cardiovascular performance.
1.Patterson CC, et al. Incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in Europe during
1989-2003 and predicted new cases 2005-20: a multicentre prospective registration
study. Lancet. 2009
2.Calabró MA,et al. Validation of the SenseWear Pro Armband algorithms in children.
Med Sci Sports Exerc 2009.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
THE RHEUMATIC PATIENT : TO PLAY FOOTBALL WITH SPONDYLOATRHRITIS
Authors
1
M. Conforti
Affiliations
1
Inail, Milano, ITALY
Body
SaS arises from the 20th to the 40th year of age, the typical age for competitive sport
activity. It is known that the delay between onset of the illness and diagnosis is over 5
years.Such physician specialized in sport medicine should be able to certify, the
psychophysical integrity of the athlete and to advise the patient on the cardio, trauma
and psychological risks that may be caused by the practice of the specific sport. There
are no scientific works on the suitability evaluation related to rheumatic illnesses.
There are only indications related to permanent or temporary orthopedic pathologies.
Rheumatic patients should find a balance between rest and activity.We remember
that SaS arises in very different ways and this makes difficult the functional evaluation,
the monitoring of the curse and the prognosis,therefore also the prescription of the
exercise. Sport physician when confronted with a rheumatic patient has to answer the
following questions:1)Is the suitability of competitive practice going to worsen the
curse of the illness?2)Which sport activity, competitive or non competitive, is going to
improve the curse of the illness?3)Is it possible to SUSPECT an initial stage of SA during
the suitability evaluation?4)Can the use of cortisone-based medicines, or oother
medicines included in the list of doping substances, be suspended and which are the
effects of such medicines on performance?5)Which criteria are to be used for granting
a suitability declaration?6)Suitability declaration can be given for a 1 year or 6 months?
The aim of this presentation is to answer to these questions.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
THE RHEUMATIC PATIENT AND AGONISTIC CERTIFICATE
Authors
1
M. Conforti , F. Poggioli
Affiliations
1
Istituto G Pini, Milano, ITALY
Body
SaS arises from the 20th to the 40th year of age, the typical age for competitive sport
activity. It is known that the delay between onset of the illness and diagnosis is over 5
years.Such physician specialized in sport medicine should be able to certify, the
psychophysical integrity of the athlete and to advise the patient on the cardio, trauma
and psychological risks that may be caused by the practice of the specific sport. There
are no scientific works on the suitability evaluation related to rheumatic illnesses.
There are only indications related to permanent or temporary orthopedic pathologies.
Rheumatic patients should find a balance between rest and activity.We remember
that SaS arises in very different ways and this makes difficult the functional evaluation,
the monitoring of the curse and the prognosis,therefore also the prescription of the
exercise. Sport physician when confronted with a rheumatic patient has to answer the
following questions:1)Is the suitability of competitive practice going to worsen the
curse of the illness?2)Which sport activity, competitive or non competitive, is going to
improve the curse of the illness?3)Is it possible to SUSPECT an initial stage of SA during
the suitability evaluation?4)Can the use of cortisone-based medicines, or oother
medicines included in the list of doping substances, be suspended and which are the
effects of such medicines on performance?5)Which criteria are to be used for granting
a suitability declaration?6)Suitability declaration can be given for a 1 year or 6 months?
The aim of this presentation is to answer to these questions.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
EFFECTIVENESS OF EXERCISE PROGRAM FOR PATIENTS WITH EARLY KNEE
OSTEOARTHRITIS
Authors
1
1
2
K. Corona , G. Calcagnile , C. Dentizzi
Affiliations
1
2
Comitato Provinciale Coni Campobasso, Campobasso, ITALY, Azienda Sanitaria
Regionale Del Molise, Campobasso, ITALY
Body
Introduction. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative pathology of the cartilage.
Its prevalence increases with age, causing pain and articular impairment. The aim of
this study is to determine the effectiveness of an exercise program on pain and
physical function for patients with early knee OA.
Material and methods. Twenty subjects over 50 with early knee OA (grade 1 and 2 of
Ahlback classification) were enrolled in the study. They agreed to participate in a 16
weeks exercise program based on improvement of aerobic fitness, range of motion
and lower limb muscle strength and stretching. Exercise program differs in dosage
(frequency, intensity and duration). All participants completed the following
questionnaires: SF-36 and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis
Index (WOMAC) at baseline and after 16 weeks. Moreover they performed physical
test: Six-minute Walking test (6MWT). After walking test, patients were asked to fill a
visual analog scale.
Results. The results of 6MWT test increased from the baseline to the last follow-up.
Patients reported reduced pain during the follow-up period, indicating a trend toward
better walking capacity. In the same way, patients showed significant improvement in
SF-36 and WOMAC scores at final follow-up.
Conclusion: Physical activity is considered to be an important non-pharmacologic
treatment approach in the management of early knee OA. The goal of exercise therapy
in OA patient is to reduce pain and disability. Therefore, a good exercise program
aiming at improvement of knee muscle strength, stretching, joint stability, range of
motion and aerobic fitness can be proposed.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
TYPE 2 DIABETES INCIDENCE, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS AND HRQOL IN A GROUP OF
PRE-DIABETIC AND OVERWEIGHT SUBJECTS
Authors
1
2
2
2
3
1
1
L. Cugusi , G. Satta , G.C. Steri , E. Santus , F. Velluzzi , G. Attene , M. Massidda
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Hygiene And Public Health Service - Asl8
3
Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Obesity Center - Aou Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluated the relationships between Physical
Activity Levels, Quality of life and risk to develop the Type 2 Diabetes in a group of
overweight and pre-diabetic subjects.
DESIGN AND METHOD: thirty-three overweight and pre-diabetic subjects (25 female, 8
men; 55,6±5,38, years, Body Mass Index: 35,57±6,05) were investigated. The short
version of International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Short-form Health
Survey 36 (SF-36) were used to assess the different levels of Physical Activity (PA), time
spent sitting (S), and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), respectively. The risk to
develop type 2 diabetes was calculated using a non-invasive model. The relationships
between PA levels, HRQoL components, Mental (MSC) and Physical Summary
Component (PSC) and Type 2 Diabetes risk score (T2DRS) were analyzed by Pearson’s
correlation.
RESULTS: A significant correlation was found between energy expenditure during PA
(kcal/week) and both MSC (r=0.48;p<0.05) and PSC (r=0.56;p<0.005). Moreover, the
T2DRS was inversely associated with PSC (r=-0,60;p<0.005) and MSC (r=-0,46;p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that the high risk to develop the Type 2
diabetes was associated with low levels of HRQoL in pre-diabetic subjects. Based on
these findings, it seems to be important emphasize the usefulness of HRQoL
questionnaire during the baseline assessment and also to keep under control the
variations produced by the physical training process.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
A STUDY OF MEDICAL STUDENTS' KNOWLEDGE OF UNITED KINGDOM PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY GUIDELINES
Authors
1
2
3
M. Dunlop , A. Murray , S. Hillis
Affiliations
1
2
Victoria Infirmary, Glasgow, UNITED KINGDOM, Scottish Government Sport And
3
Physical Activity Policy Team, Edinburgh, UNITED KINGDOM, University Of Glasgow,
Glasgow, UNITED KINGDOM
Body
Objective: Evidence of the benefits of physical activity to an individual, the economy
and society are indisputable.¹ Training of medical professionals is a key strategy that
must be adopted to address current low physical activity levels.¹ No study to date has
assessed medical students' knowledge of physical activity guidelines. The aim of the
current study was to assess final year Scottish Medical Student’s knowledge of the risk
of physical inactivity and of the current United Kingdom’s physical activity guidelines.
Design and method: Questionnaires were completed (n=177) by a non-selected group
of final year medical students in two Scottish Universities prior to and after a
presentation on the current guidelines.
Results: Physical inactivity was perceived the least important risk factor to global
mortality, ranked behind tobacco, diabetes, obesity and hypertension. 40% stated they
were aware of current guidelines but 68% were able to correctly identify them for
adults. In comparison, 97% correctly identified the United Kingdom’s alcohol
guidelines. 52% stated they felt inadequately trained to give physical activity to the
general public.
Conclusions: This study indicates that: medical students underestimate the risk of
physical inactivity; that physical activity guidelines are not as well-known as other
health promotion guidelines; and that, medical students are unconfident giving
physical activity advice. Further education of this health professional group is essential
if future Doctors are to play the key role in physical activity promotion.
1. World Health Organization. Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for
Health.2010
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL TRAINING ON HEART RATE TURBULENCE AFTER CORONARY
BYPASS GRAFTING
Authors
1
L. Fallavollita , V. Biasini, S. Castelli, E. Santillo, L. Marini, F. Balestrini
Affiliations
1
2
Istituto Di Ricerca A Carattere Scientifico - Inrca, Fermo, ITALY, Federazione
3
Medicina Dello Sport - L'aquila, L'aquila, ITALY, Istituto Di Ricerca A Carattere
4
Scientifico - Inrca, Fermo, ITALY, Istituto Di Ricerca A Carattere Scientifico - Inrca,
5
6
Fermo, ITALY, Istituto Di Ricerca A Carattere Scientifico - Inrca, Fermo, ITALY, Istituto
Di Ricerca A Carattere Scientifico - Inrca, Fermo, ITALY
Body
Introduction. Heart Rate Turbulence (HRT) is an indipendent predictor of
cardiovascular mortality in patients after myiocardial infarction.The HRT is a measure
of autonomic response to perturbations of arterial blood pressure after single
Ventricular Premature Contraction(VPC)1.The present study aimed at investigating the
effects of physical training on HRT in patients post-CABG.Materials and methods.The
study enrolled 7 male patients with ischaemic heart disease undergoing coronary
artery bypass grafting and left ventriculare ejection fraction>50%.Each subject
performed an eight-week cardiac rehabilitation aerobic program consisting of 40
min.daily session of cycle ergometry.At baseline and after training program a 24-h
ambulatory ECG registrations were performed to assess HRT. We investigated the
same morphology of VPC Before and after training. HRT was determined among
subjects with single ventricular VPC.The data were processed with software Misha
(Mortara-Rangoni Instrument[R]-Italy).Two parameters,Turbulence Onset (TO) and
Turbulence Slope (TS),were calculated.Particularly,TO describes the early acceleration
phase of HR following a VPC and TS describes the dynamics of late deceleration of HR
after a VPC.Significance level was set at p<0,05.Results. We observed changes for both
HRT indices after training program. The average values for TO decreased from
–0,32% to –0,49%;TS increased from 3,53 to 7,66 ms/RR intervall. Conclusions.The
results indicate a favourable effect of aerobic training on cardiac autonomic
functioning in post-CABG subjects. It is possible that physical exercise modulates
cardiac autonomic control by lessening sympathetic influence and enhancing vagal
tone.HRT should be considered as good tool to evaluate this shift.
References.1)Heart Rate Turbulence:standard of measurement,physiological
interpretation and clinical use.J.Am Coll Cardiolo2008;52:1353-65.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
SPORT THERAPY PRESCRIPTION IN SUBJECTS AFFECTED BY MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
Authors
1
1
1
E. Guerra , P. Mancini , F. Pigozzi
Affiliations
1
2
3
Università Degli Studi Di Roma Foro Italico, Roma, ITALY, ITALY, ITALY
Body
Background: In last decades it has been more common to prescribe sport therapy in
subjects affected by Multiple Sclerosis. Patients and physicians sometimes don’t trust
benefits and worry about worsening symptoms. We wanted to measure training
effects in this population..
Methods: 5 subjects, mean age 51±6,3 years, were submitted to basal
electrocardiogram, EDSS Expanded disability status scale, Six minute walking test,
Balance BERG Scale, MFIS Fatigue assessment-, muscle strength dynamometry % side
difference. Sport Therapy prescribed: 2 session/week: 45 minutes yoga, 45 min soft
gymnastic, amount 70 hours in 8 months. Controls: 2 subjects, mean age 54±15 years,
not training.
Results: All subjects had normal electrocardiogram. Pre training : EDSS: 3,4±1,9; six min
walk test 330±153m, exertion BORG 4,8±1,9; MFIS 30,8±21; BERG 44±11. %
difference strength: handgrip 16,5±8%, Shoulder elevators 18±17%, leg extension
17,6±17,2%. Controls EDSS: 30±0; six min walk test 443±33m, exertion BORG 5,5±0,7;
MFIS 43±21;BERG 50,2±2,2. Delta strength values were: handgrip 11,8±5%, Shoulder
elevators 29±23%, leg extension 33,4±21%.
Post training : EDSS: 3,3±2; six minute walk test 376±161m, exertion BORG 4,8±2,8;
MFIS 20,2±15,06; BERG 50,2±9,1. Delta strength: handgrip 20,7±20%, Shoulder
elevators 29±23%, leg extension 33,4±21%. Controls EDSS 3,0±0 ; six min walk test
401±33,2 m, exertion BORG 6±1,4; MFIS 41,5±27; BERG 52±5. Delta strength: handgrip
10±14%, Shoulder elevators 4±12%, leg extension 28±8%.
Conclusions: Training increased walking ability, balance, reduced fatigue. Control
subjects, not training, had reduction in walking ability and grater fatigue. Strength
test showed increase in % side difference with no decreased functional ability.Training
improves functional ability in this population.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
IMPLEMENTATION OF A PHYSICAL ACTIVITY VITAL SIGN
Authors
1
1
E. Joy , M. Briesacher
Affiliations
1
Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, USA
Body
Physical inactivity and low cardiorespiratory fitness are major risk factors for chronic
disease and premature mortality. In the US, only a third of patients are advised to
exercise or continue being physically active by their physician. Tools and strategies are
needed to support clinicians taking a meaningful role in promoting physical activity
with patients.
Objective: Using a quality improvement approach, develop and implement a clinical
process that supports assessment and promotion of physical activity in adult patients
within a primary care setting.
Design & Methods: A multidisciplinary team was recruited including physicians, clinical
assistants, clinic receptionists, and clinic management. Key elements in support of
change were identified, including: 1) motivation of key stakeholders to achieve the
target for change; 2) resources necessary for change; and 3) motivators for change
outside the clinical practice.
Results: The clinical practice implemented a physical activity vital sign to promote
assessment of physical activity at every clinical encounter. Patient education materials
were developed and distributed to patients. Medical records from 565 clinic visits were
reviewed. Mean patient age was 61.4 years (18-98). Females represented 54% of visits,
males 46%. Physical activity assessment and counseling increased from a mean of 44%
(22-69) of visits at baseline to 78% (57-93) of visits.
Conclusions: Assessment and counseling for physical activity during office visits
increased. The tools, process and documentation of physical activity assessment and
counseling evolved based on the experiences of the quality improvement team.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
A CASE OF HEART PATHOLOGY IN A CYCLIST
Authors
1
1
2
3
3
4
G. Boni , G. Saba , S. Notaristefano , S. Giannini , M.L. Iocca , S. Grego
Affiliations
1
2
Ambulatorio Medicina Dello Sport - Fmsi Umbria, Foligno, ITALY, U.o. Cardiologia
3
4
Osp. S. M. Della Misericordia, Perugia, ITALY, Casa Di Cura Villa Stuart, Roma, ITALY,
5
Casa Di Cura Villa Stuart, Roma, ITALY, U.o.c. Cardiochirurgia Policlinico Tor Vergata,
6
Roma, ITALY, ITALY
Body
AIM OF THE STUDY
When to use MRI to integrate transthoracic echocardiography in order to permit
sports activity in patients with heart disease?
MATERIALS AND METHODS
44-year old patient, insulin dependent diabetic, surgically treated for Fallot tetralogy
with thoracic aorta of 55 mm. Patient underwent sports medicine and cardiological
check-up every year, and was also studied with transthoracic echocardiography to
define cardiac output and general situation. He underwent an ecg stress test and a test
of maximal oxygen consumption to define cardiac output during exercise and increase
in thickness of heart valves during stress phase. High magnetic field cardiac MRI with
contrast performed to confirm echocardiography results and to determine the
significance of the aortic regurgitation.
RESULTS
MRI confirmed the ultrasound diagnosis of a dilation of the aortic bulb and allowed to
better define the size of the left ventricle and right atrium (both increased), with
preserved systolic function.
MRI better defines and quantifies the jet of aortic valve regurgitation toward the
anterior leaflet of the mitral valve, and hence defines it as acceptable for
non-competitive sports activity.
CONCLUSIONS
Thanks to improved definition of morphological and functional aspects, cardiac MRI
allows to better define condition and performance of an athlete’s heart after surgery,
with a more precise definition of modification of valves and flows.
The present case study demonstrates how physical activity, even in subjects with
complex organic cardiopathy operated as adults is clearly positive in that it allows for
higher-level results in terms of cardiac and overall physical performance.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
JUGULAR FORAMEN SYNDROME BY VARICELLA ZOSTER VIRUS INFECTION-A CASE
REPORTAuthors
1
1
1
1
1
1
H. Park , J. Lee , Y. Kim , Y. Ko , H. Kim , S. Hong
Affiliations
1
Uijeongbu St.mary's Hospital-department Of Rehabilitation Medicine, Uijeongbu,
2
SOUTH KOREA, Uijeongbu St.mary's Hospital-department Of Rehabilitation Medicine,
3
Uijeongbu St.mary's Hospital-department Of
Uijeongbu, SOUTH KOREA,
4
Uijeongbu St.mary's
Rehabilitation Medicine, Uijeongbu, SOUTH KOREA,
5
Hospital-department Of Rehabilitation Medicine, Uijeongbu, SOUTH KOREA,
Uijeongbu St.mary's Hospital-department Of Rehabilitation Medicine, Uijeongbu,
6
SOUTH KOREA, Uijeongbu St.mary's Hospital-department Of Rehabilitation Medicine,
Uijeongbu, SOUTH KOREA
Body
Jugular foramen syndrome is unilateral involvement of IX, X and XI cranial nerves. It is
usually due to malignancy, aneurysm or fracture. Although there have been several
reports about jugular foramen syndrome by fracture and inflammation, cases by
varicella zoster virus are rare.
A 32-year-old man, who complained of left ear pain, hoarse voice, swallowing
difficulty for 5 days, presented at the emergency room. There were vesicular skin
lesions in the left auricle. On neurologic examination, his uvula was deviated to the
right side and left vocal cord palsy was noted on laryngoscopy. The paresis of left
shoulder was seen. The electrodiagnostic examination showed the abnormalities
compatible with left spinal accessory neuropathy. Considering mentioned above, he
had a multicranial neuritis affecting IX, X, and XI left cranial nerves with herpes zoster
infection.
We report a case of jugular foramen syndrome by varicella zoster virus infection with
ipsilateral hypoplasia of the jugular foramen, which has been rarely reported in Korea.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
MOVEMENT IS LIFE INTERVENTION TO INCREMENT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE
PREDIABETIC, OVERWEIGHT AN OBESE POPULATION°
Authors
4
4
4
2
2
2
D. Campus , E.Fogarizzu , R.Masala , M.Massidda , G.Attene , L.Cugusi , A.Loviselli
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
, G.Satta , M.Pellicano , I.Murtas , P.Marras , A.Molari , M.Scorcu , M.Massenti
3
1
1
,S.Santus , G.C.Steri
Affiliations
1
2
Servizio Igiene Sanità Pubblica Asl Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Università Di Cagliari,
3
4
Cagliari, ITALY, MV Group Sport Med Serv Prev Ass.to Sanità, ITALY, Servizio
Prevenzione Ass.to Sanità
Body
AIM The Movement is Life Regional Prevention Plan 2010-12 project, was created to
prevent complications and disability caused by chronic degenerative diseases with
particular reference to the prediabetic, overweight and obese population.
MATERIAL AND METHODS To prevent the onset of diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2)
the centers for diabetes care will recruit 1500 (600 in ASLCagliari) prediabetic,
overweight, obese and then will be activated the control group. The team of Sports
Medicine's Hygiene Service ASL8 formed by the sports doctor, the diabetologist, the
nutritionist, graduates in physical education and psychologist, will detect BMI,
abdominal circumference and body composition, will administer the IPAQ
questionnaires, Doi, SF -36, Thuomilehto and will propose functional assessment test
to VO2max, lactate, muscle strength and flexibility. We will prepare appropriate
physical activity programs as suggested by the American College of Sports Medicine,
adequate recovery cardiometabolic useful to prevent progression to type 2 diabetes
and improve the quality of life.
RESULTS The prescription of physical activity in all age groups in the general population
is considered strategic by the Sardinia Region because of the obvious positive impact in
terms of reduced morbidity and mortality and the undisputed preventive effect
CONCLUSIONS Physical inactivity is a condition that determines whether a staggering
number of deaths and is the common denominator of obesity and DM2 closely related
to the risk of cardiovascular disease, reduction in life expectancy and increased risk of
cancer.
° Regional Prevention Plan 2010-12. Funded by the Prevention Department of Health
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
MODIFICATION IN BODY WATER BALANCE DURING THE EXERCISE AS PRESCRIPTION
PROGRAM.
Authors
1
L. Stefani , G. Mascherini, I. Scacciati, G. Galanti
Affiliations
1
Sports Medicine Center - University Of Florence, Florence, ITALY
Body
Aim: Epidemiological studies provided many evidences on the relevance of a correct
hydration during Physical Exercise (PE). An incorrect body composition and hydration
can also enhance cardiovascular risks. This study is aimed to investigate this concern
in a small group of hypertensive patients following an Exercise as Prescription
program. Methods: Thirteen patients were submitted to an individual exercise training
at moderate effort (3-4 METS). The Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) was carried out at the
beginning (T0) and after 5 months (T5) of physical exercise. In the same session an
Echocardiographyc exam was performed in order to evaluate the morphological and
functional myocardial parameters. Results: After 5 months of PE the bioelectrical data
have shown an evident increase of Intra Cellular Water (T0: 21,79±5,29 L, T5:
22,70±5,28 L) values with a parallel decrease of the Extra Cellular Water (T0:
18,44±3,60 L, T5: 17,67±3,33 L) resulting both in none substantial change of the Total
Body Water. Similarly there was an evident reduction of body weight (T0: 77,25±14,80
kg, T5: 75,31±14,97 kg) due to the Fat Mass values (T0: 23,99±9,89 kg, T5: 21,86±8,34
kg). The Echocardiographyc systo-diastolic parameter didn’t show any statistical
differences after 5 months of PE. Conclusion: the results are suggestive for an early
physiological improvement of the water distribution after a short period of regular
exercise as prescription therapy inducing an enhancement of water into the active
(Intra cellular) compartment. The BIA exam can timely identify this behaviour not
evaluable by the anthropometrics parameters.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
FUNCTIONAL ASSESSMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR PERFORMANCE AFTER A SHORT
PERIOD OF EXERCISE AS PRESCRIPTION: EVALUATION BY 6 MINUTE WALKING TEST
Authors
1
L. Stefani , G. Mascherini, I. Scacciati, G. Galanti
Affiliations
1
Sports Medicine Center - University Of Florence, Florence, ITALY
Body
Aim: Exercise as Prescription represents a therapy in many chronic diseases. More
recently the employment of the 6 Minute Walking Test (6MWT) for a regular
evaluation has been spread. The study is aimed to verify the role of the 6MWT in
predicting the progressive improvement of the heart performance. Methods: Eleven
hypertensive patients, were enrolled for this study. At the beginning (T0) and after 5
months (T5) of exercise program, at least three times a week at moderate intensity, a
6MWT was carried out to evaluate: meters (m), Peak Heart Rate (PHR), Peak
Respiratory Rate (PRR), Systolic and Diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP). In the same
session an Echocardiographyc exam was performed. Results: After 5 months there
was a trend: the distance in 6 minutes was in T0: 567,27±66,65 m in T5: 599,09±81,42
m. The PHR was in T0:134,36±12,13 b/min in T5:136,00±10,30 b/min, PRR resulted in
T0:30,00±4,38 r/min in T5:31,45±4,95 r/min. The SBP was in T0:137,73±14,89 mmHg in
T5:143,64±12,67 mmHg, while the DBP mean values were in T0:75,27±7,80 mmHg in
T5:70,91±5,84 mmHg. The Echocardiographyc parameters didn’t show any statistical
differences. Conclusion: A short period of exercise as prescription improves
the effort tolerance showed by the HR response at the peak of the exercise. The 6
MWT seems to be a sensible test much more than echo parameters whose
modifications need a longer period of observation. Otherwise the lung’s response to
the exercise does not seem to be apparently easy estimated in presence of exercise
program at moderate intensity.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
THE IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN ARTERIOPATHIC PATIENTS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
F. Stio , A. Pulcini , F. Safoue , G. Patrizi , R. Verna
Affiliations
1
Sapienza Università Di Roma, Viale Regina Elena, 324 00161, Rome, ITALY
Body
Aim
Regularly scheduled physical activity leads to clinical (claudicatio intermittens) and
instrumental (postural reflexes) improvement in patients suffering from chronic
occluding arteriopathy.
Materials and methods
300 patients (40 women) with chronic occluding arteriopathy, 250 subjects at Leriche
stage IIa and 50 subjects stage IIb were studied. Mean age was 62.5 years with a range
55-71. For the assessment of our study, walking endurance with the treadmill test and
study of postural reflexes were considered. These evaluations were made at time 0
and after 6, 12 and 24 months and studied by Doppler, Winsor index and treadmill
test. Patients performed physical activity 1 hour a day, three times a week.
Results and Discussion
Doppler control, postural reflexes and Winsor index at the programmed steps
evidenced a continuous improvement of walking endurance at controls on the
treadmill. Over 10 years, we observed that the patients who continued practicing
physical activity (80%) improved walking endurance by 40% versus the starting values.
References
1) Thijssen DH, Cable NT, Green DJ: Impact of exercise training on arterial wall
thickness in humans. Clin Sci (Lond). 2012 Apr;122(7):311-22. Review.
2) Cousin A, Popielarz S, Wieczorek V, Tiffreau V, Mounier-Vehier C, Thevenon A:
Impact of a rehabilitation program on muscular strength and endurance in peripheral
arterial occlusive disease patients. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2011 Oct;54(7):429-42.
3) Stwart KJ, Hiatt WR, Hirsch AT: Exercise training for claudicatio. N.Engl.J.Med.
2002,347,1941-51
4) Stio F,Pulcini A, Caggiati A: Modificazioni velocimetriche e tensiometriche indotte
negli arteriopatici dalle variazioni posturali. Atti Congresso Angiologia Firenze
Maggio1985.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
THE EFFECT OF HYDRAULIC RESISTANCE CIRCUIT TRAINING WITH CARDIOVASCULAR
ELDERLY IN NEW TAIPEI CITY: A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
6
L. Tsung-ching , T.Y. Shiang , C.C. Hong , M.F. Hsu , H.L. Chou , J.Y. Jiang
Affiliations
1
Department Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital,
2
Taipei, TAIWAN, Graduate Institute Of Exercise Science, National Taiwan Normal
3
University, Taipei, TAIWAN, Department Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, Far
4
Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taipei, TAIWAN, Department Of Nursing , Oriental
5
Institute Of Technology, Taipei, TAIWAN, Department Of Nuring, Taipei Veterans
6
Division Of Endocrinology And
General Hospital, Taipei, TAIWAN,
Metabolism,department Of Internal Medicine,far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taipei,
TAIWAN
Body
Aim of the study : How to decrease the health care costs in elderly becomes a critical
issue.Previous studies suggested that exercise might be beneficial for the elderly.
Hydraulic resistance circuit training is an effective and safety exercise for the elderly.
Materials and methods: Ten cardiovascular disorder participants (7 male and 3 female,
Age: 71.91±5.47 year-old) were recruited from the metabolic clinics. They participate
in a 36-hour (3 times per week for 3 month) exercise program in a classroom of college
with seven hydraulic resistance training equipment: chest press, leg abduction, arm
curls, deltoid press, leg press, back press, and knee extension . Between each
resistance training session, there was a stepping for subject to do aerobic stepping.
The outcome measurements including: body composition and senior fitness tests.
After six-week intervention, the mid-term evaluation was performed and using paired
t-test to compare the difference and significant level was 0.05.
Results: Before the exercise intervention, there was no significant in body composition
and items of senior fitness tests. In the mid-term assessment, the aerobic performance
(stepping in two-minute) had a significant improvement (t=1.465, p=.007), and the
circumference of waist and hip were both decreased (decreased 2.71cm and 0.96cm
respectively).
Conclusion: After six-week intervention, the physical fitness performance in aerobic
fitness and body composition both had a significant improvement. After completing
the whole exercise protocol, these elderly were expected to gain more health physical
fitness performance.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: EXERCISE, GENDER, SEXUAL HEALTH AND REPRODUCTION
Title
THE RELATION BETWEEN BONE MINERAL DENSITY AND CARDIOVASCULAR FACTORS
AMONG IRANIAN FEMALE ATHLETES WITH AMENORRHEA/OLIGOMENORRHEA
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
H. Dadgostar , G. Soleimany , E. Dadgostar , S. Lotfian , M. Moradi Lakeh , S.
6
Movaseghi
Affiliations
1
Sports And Exercise Medicine Research Center , Tehran University Of Medical
2
Sciences,, Tehran, IRAN, Sports Medicine Department, Rasoule Akram Hospital,
3
Tehran University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN, Sports Medicine Federation Of
4
5
Islamic Republic Of Iran, Tehran, IRAN, 2, Tehran, IRAN, Department Of Community
6
Medicine, Tehran University Of Medical Sciences,, Tehran, IRAN, Rhematology
Research Center, Tehran University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Oligomenorrhea has adverse effects on the athlete' s bone mineral density and
cardiovascular system. Hypoestrogenism as a result of energy imbalance is the possible
cause of the Female Athlete Triad. The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of
hormone therapy on bone mineral density and cardiovascular factors.
Method: A 9-month randomized clinical trial in the first part of which 22 female
athletes with a history of at least 2 years of oligo/amenorrhea, bone mineral
densitometry and some of the cardiovascular factors were measured. In the second
part of the study 18 athletes were randomized in two groups of OCP (n=10) and
control (n=8). After 9 months densitometry and cardiovascular lab study were
repeated.
Results: In the first assessment, BMD of athletes did not change significantly after 25.5
months of oligomenorrhea. Mean of all cardiovascular factors was in the normal range
except for HDL. Inverse relationship between the increase in the BMD of spine and
total cholesterol, Apo A, and VLDL and also positive correlation between BMD of spine
and HbA1C. In the second part, VLDL and Apo B reduced significantly in the OCP group.
Increase of Apo A was observed in control group.
Conclusion: There may be a common factor affecting both skeletal and cardiovascular
systems, as with the increase of the BMD of spine, there is a decrease in the amount of
lipid profile.. This study implys that although estrogen administration may not increase
bone density, it could have positive effects cardiovascular system, especially lipid
profile
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: EXERCISE, GENDER, SEXUAL HEALTH AND REPRODUCTION
Title
A NEW MEMBER OF THE BRAZILIAN MEDICAL TEAM
Authors
1
2,3
3
3
4
1
T. Parmigiano , A. Lopes , G. Campos , J. Grangeiro , C. Guindalini , C. Moreno , R.
5
5
1
Castro , M. Girao , M. Cohen
Affiliations
1
Department Of Sports Medicine - Federal University Of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL,
2
3
University Of The City Of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL, Brazilian Olympic Comittee,
4
Rio De Janeiro, BRAZIL, Department Of Psychobiology - Federal University Of Sao
5
Paulo, Sao P Aulo, BRAZIL, Department Of Gynecology - Federal University Of Sao
Paulo, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL
Body
Purpose: To present the results of a pioneer gynecological medical program during
the Pan American Games in Guadalajara 2011.
Methods: A qualified gynecologist, with expertise in Sports Medicine, and used to take
care of female athletes, was invited to be a member of the Brazilian Medical Group
during the Pan American Games in Guadalajara, 2011. Participants with gynecological
complaints were assigned to the doctors’ orientation and care. The appointments were
registered and recorded with relevant clinical information.
Results: Thirty three athletes (16,5%) received a medical consultation. Twenty eight
percent sought information regarding contraception methods, 17,9% complained
about dysmenorrhea and other 17,9% mentioned menstrual disturbances as
amenorrhea and metrorrhagia. One athlete mentioned to be bulimic and three breast
nodules were diagnosed. Additional complaints were related to vaginal discharge and
dyspareunia. All patients mentioned they would not talk about these questions to any
other member of the medical group.
Conclusion: Female athletes have singular needs and demand special care. Although
cardiologic and orthopedic follow-up are routinely undertaken, the lack of attention to
the gynecological aspects is a major issue. The participation of a gynecologist during
official Games was an original initiative in Brazil. We believe that this attitude help the
athletes to feel more comfortable to share their doubts, certainly stimulating them to
search for specific help.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: EXERCISE, GENDER, SEXUAL HEALTH AND REPRODUCTION
Title
PRELIMINARY STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF EXERCISE IN QUALITY SEMEN
Authors
1
2
2
2,3
M. Gomis Bataller , P. Ibañez , N. Campillo , A. Brotons
Affiliations
1
2
Centro De Investigación Del Deporte. Universidad Miguel Hernandez, Elche, SPAIN,
3
Clinica In Vitam Centro De Medicina Reproductiva, Elche, SPAIN, Instituto De
Electroquímica. Universidad De Alicante, Alicante, SPAIN
Body
Objective
There are not many studies on the hormonal regulation of male athletes, but some
evidence suggest that endurance athletes have decreased testosterone levels
compared to more sedentary control groups (Wheeler at al, 1984). It is known that
there is a relation between testosterone levels and sperm quality (Safarinejad et al,
2009). The main objective of this study was to determine how affect exercise in semen
quality.
Design and method
The study group consisted of 20 males between 18 and 36 years old, who volunteered
participate in the project anonymously. The population was divided into three groups:
the first one did not practice any exercise, the second group practiced an exercise from
1 to 3 times per week, and finally the latter group performed an exercise with a
frequency greater than 3 times per week and in some cases the intensity was higher.
The semen samples were analyzed following the World Health Organization (WHO)
criteria for quality sperm. For the statistical study was performed an ANOVA test.
Results
We have not found significant differences in the percentage of progressive motile
sperm, total production of progressive sperm, percentage of abnormal sperm
morphology and concentration, among the three groups studied, but we observed
subtle differences. We found an improvement in mobility in the exercise groups
compared with the sedentary group, but a decrease of concentration.
Conclusions
Although we do not have significant differences, there is a tendency which suggests
that moderate sport improves semen quality.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: GENETIC IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISMS (SNPS) IN NON-CONTACT SOFT-TISSUE
INJURIES: INFLUENCE ON DEGREE OF INJURY AND RECOVERY TIME
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
R. Artells , R. Pruna , J. Ribas , B. Montoro , F. Cos , C. Muñoz , G. Rodas , M.
1
Monzo
Affiliations
1
2
Unitat D'anatomia I Embriologia Humana. Fac. Medicina-ub, Barcelona, SPAIN,
3
Serveis Mèdics Del Fcbarcelona, Barcelona, SPAIN, Unitat D'anatomia I Embriologia
4
Humana I Escola De Medicina De L'esport. Fac. Medicina-ub, Barcelona, SPAIN, Dpt.
5
De Farmacia I Tecnologia Farmacèutica. Fac. Farmacia-ub, Barcelona, SPAIN, Inef-ub,
Barcelona, SPAIN
Body
Introduction: In recent years, studies have highlighted the importance of genetic
factors in the pathogenesis of non-contact soft tissue injuries. We have analyzed the
relationship between SNPs in genes related to tissue repair and regeneration and the
frequency and recovery time of non-contact tissue injuries.
Material and Methods: Data was collected on injuries (type, degree and recovery time)
in 73 elite football players. In blood, SNPs in the following 8 genes were analyzed:
Elastin (Eln); Titin; SRY-related HMG-box; Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2);
Chemokine, CC motif, ligand 2 (CCL2); Collagen type 1 alpha 1; Collagen type 5 alpha 1
(COL5A1) and Tenascin C. SNP analysis was performed using a real-time polymerase
chain reaction (PCR) Allelic Discrimination TaqMan Assay.
Results: 242 injuries were recorded (203 were muscle, 24 were joint, and 15 were
tendon). The degree of muscle injury was related to IGF2 (P=0.032). Moreover, we
observed a close but non-significant relation between degree of muscle injury and
CCL2 (P=0.1) and COL5A1 (P=0.07) and between Eln and degree (P=0.09) and recovery
time (P=0.089) of joint injuries. Non-significant relation was observed between genes
and degree or recovery time for tendon.
Conclusion: These results may be due to several factors. Eln is a major source of tissue
elasticity, and IGF plays an important role in mitogenesis and myogenesis during
muscular development, regeneration and hypertrophy and in readaptation processes.
COL5A1 modulates fibrillogenesis, and CCL2 expression is known to increase after
muscle injury, indicating a key role in inflammatory processes.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: GENETIC IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
THE INVESTIGATION OF RELATION BETWEEN ALPINE SKIING SUCCESS AND ACE, NOS3,
HBB GENE POLYMORPHISMS AND EXPRESSION LEVELS
Authors
1
2
3
3
M. Polat , B. Coksevim , S. Taheri , M. Dundar
Affiliations
1
2
Nigde University Department Of Phsical Education And Sport, Nigde, TURKEY,
3
Erciyes University Faculty Of Medicine Department Of Physiology, Kayseri, TURKEY,
Erciyes University Faculty Of Medicine Department Of Medical Genetic, Kayseri,
TURKEY
Body
Aim: The aim of this study was the evaluation of relation between alpine skiing success
and ACE, NOS3, HBB gene polymorphisms.
Methods: The athletes were classified according to their alpine skiing performance as
Elite National Group, National Group, Divisional Group and Control Group. Also all
volunteer groups divided into gender groups. Totally 91 volunteers participated in this
study. ACE I/D polymorphism, NOS3 -786 T/C polymorphism, HBB -551 C/T
polymorphism and expression levels were analyzed from blood samples by using PCR
methods. Polymorphism results were analyzed chi-square test. Also Mann-Whitney U
test was used for expression analysis.
Results: ACE D/D genotype was found significantly higher in the Elite National Male
Group and the National Female Group (p<0.05). Although NOS3 -786 T/C
polymorphism results didn’t differ in groups significantly, C/C genotype was found at
lower level in the all skier groups. HBB -551 C/T genotype had no significant difference
in the voluntary groups. Expression results of ACE gene were significantly lower in the
all skier groups than Control Female Group. Control Female Group’s expression results
of NOS3 gene were significantly higher than Divisional Female Group(p<0.05). HBB
gene expression levels had no significant differences in the all groups.
Conclusions: These results show that the presence of ACE I/D and particularly D/D
genotype, also the lack of NOS3 C/C genotype is strongly correlated with alpine skiing
performance. ACE and NOS3 gene expression results might be affected by athletic skill
factors. We thought that ACE and NOS3 gene was associated with elite alpine skiing
performance.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: GENETIC IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
PPAR ALPHA GENE VARIATION AND PHISYCAL PERFORMANCE IN ITALIAN SOCCER
PLAYERS
Authors
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
P. Proia , P. Saladino , G. Schiera , V. Contrò , A. Bianco , A. Palma , M. Traina
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Palermo - Department Of Sports Science (dismot), Palermo, ITALY,
University Of Palermo - Department Of Biotechnology And Molecolar Biology
(stembio), Palermo, ITALY
Body
PURPOSE: One of the genes of the health-related fitness phenotype is a PPARα coding
for peroxisome proliferator activator receptor alpha, a central regulator of expression
of genes involved in fatty acid metabolism. The aim of our research was to study the
role of polymorphism of PPARα gene in performance enhancing in Italian soccer
players.
METHODS: Sixty professional soccer players and thirty sedentary volunteers were
enrolled in the study. Samples of venous blood were obtained at rest in the morning by
conventional clinical procedures. Serum was collected and lipid profile was measured
by using a commercial kit. An aliquote of anticoagulant-treated blood was used to
prepare genomic DNA from mononuclear cells. The polymorphic site in PPARα intron 7
was scanned by using PCR-RFLP protocol with Taq I enzyme.
RESULTS: We found variations among genotype distribution of PPARα in professional
soccer players versus sedentary volunteers. To enphatyzed this correlation, we also
investigated lipidic profile variation.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results evidenced an high expression of G allele as well as GG
genotype in accordance with other studies that associate this genotype with
endurance performance. So PPARα G allele may be considered an endurance relates
allele. We can explain this one because PPARα is an important factor that regulate the
balance between fatty acid and glucose metabolism. Moreover, we analyzed the
correlation between G allele distribution and athletes lipid profile but we didn’t find
any correlation.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
MOTIVATE PEOPLE WITH CHRONIC DISEASES TO PERFORM PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: WORK
IN PARTNERSHIP
Authors
1
1
1
2
P. Patroni , L. Girelli , M. Calvetti , P. Rumi
Affiliations
1
2
Kinetik Centro Scienze Motorie, Rogno, ITALY, Istituto Di Medicina Dello Sport,
Coni/fmsi Milano, Milano, ITALY
Body
The aim of this project is to promote practice of physical activity in patients with
metabolic diseases. In order to motivate people, the program was made free for the
attenders, the costs were borne by private and public agencies in partnership.
The sample was formed by 68 subjects, 24 men and 44 women, age 65 ± 8, weight 79,9
± 15,1 kg, height 164,4 ± 7,8 cm, Body Mass Index 29,4±4,5.
Anthropometric measurements, blood test, Bioimpedentiometry were measured and
physical fitness test were performedbefore and after the project.
The protocol consisted in 16 weeks, 2 weekly meetings 1 hour each.
56 subjects, 20 men and 36 women, completed the program;12 drop-out.
A statistically significant reduction of weight (77.13 Kg vs 79,08); BMI (28.5 vs 29;
p<0.01); waist circumference (103.3 vs 106.6 p<0.01); Fat Body Mass (31.5 vs 32.6,
p<0.01) and a significant HDL cholesterol increased (57 vs 61,7; p<0.001) were
recorded.
The physical fitness parameters increased with statistical significance: 6 Minute
Walking Test (m) 622,3 vs 551,2, 30” arm curl (reps) 27.1 vs 22.4, chair test (reps) 24.6
vs 19.7, stand and reach (cm) 8.7 vs 11,6. P<0.001.
This study confirms the gain in health due to practice physical activity in people with
metabolic diseases.
This project involved public and private agencies, who had motivated the patients and
the population to practice physical activity. This model could be replicate in widest
contexts, maybe with the collaboration of Sport Medicine Doctors to optimize the
prescription of physical exercise.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
MASTER ATHLETES AND CAROTID INTIMA-MEDIA THICKNESS
Authors
1
N. Gori , A. Bartolini, G. Tempesti, G. Anania, G. Galanti, L. Stefani
Affiliations
1
Azienda Universitaria Ospedaliera Careggi, Agenzia Di Medicina Dello Sport, Florence,
ITALY
Body
PURPOSE:Physical activity has effects in cardiac remodelling,not well determinated are
effects on vascular districts.Study want to evaluate relationships between carotid
intima-media thickness(IMT)and peak systolic blood pressure(SBP),mean arterial
pressure (MAP),body mass index (BMI),age and weekly hours of sport in master
athletes.
METHODS:case-control
study
with100masters
athletes(mean
age50.0±6.7y)and51sedentary
subjects(mean
age51.1±5.7y),subjects
were
cardiovascular risk factors free.BMI was calculated and sport activity recordered by
questionnaire(7.0 ±2.6hours/week).The subjects were subjected to detection left and
right common carotid IMT with B-mode ultrasonography and Doppler ultrasound
cardiac;later played in treadmill test with modified Bruce protocol(gradual increase in
workload every2minutes and detection rate and blood pressure at rest,at peak and
at4minute of recovery time) and MAPcalculation.
RESULTS:left IMT values are greater in both groups,athletes(635±104 leftIMT,614±104
rightIMT,624±92
averageIMT)and
sedentaries(leftIMT622±90;rightIMT633
±78;averageIMT627±78).There are relationships between IMT and peak systolic
blood pressure in both groups(sport R0.28p <0.01;sedentaryR0.32p0.02),IMT and
mean arterial pressure in the group of athletes(restR0.25p 0.01;peak R0.23p0.02)and
IMT and age in both groups(sportR0.30p<0.01,sedentaryR0.30p0.03). No significant
correlations between IMT and BMI in either group,nor between IMT and weekly hours
of sport activity.
CONCLUSION:study confirme role of aging in processes of wall carotid thickening.It
show a correlation between carotid IMT and blood pressure at the peak of the effort
that confirms the effects of high blood pressure on enlargement of carotid wall and so
mutual that high IMT values induce a minor vascular compliance under stress with
consequent increase in blood pressure values.Our data show there are no effects of
exercise in reducing IMT in subjects of similar age without vascular risk factors.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
PROTOCOL OF TELEMATIC MONITORING TO EVALUATE THE APPLICABILITY OF SPECIFIC
PROGRAM OF PHYSICAL ACIVITY IN A SCHOLAR POPULATION TO REDUCE OBESITY
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
L. Grasso , Z. Lazarevic , C. Sabatini , S. Razzicchia , F. Quaranta , F. Pigozzi , P.
1
Borrione
Affiliations
1
Department Of Health Sciences-university Of Rome Foro Italico, Roma, ITALY
Body
Childhood obesity is reaching epidemic proportions and requires intervention.
OBJECTIVE. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a
structured program of physical activity developed by specialists, complied for
monitoring of trend for specific parameters as weight, blood pressure, ECG, SPO2, in
children in primary school, using telematics applications for the remote monitoring of
the results.
DESIGN AND METHOD. The study population is composed by students of both sexes
attending the primary school. Two groups of students were identified: Group A,
submitted to the specific physical activity and Group B, engaged in a normal school
activity. Both groups are periodically remote monitored using ECG that was recorded
by “Resting ECG system” installed directly on PC and sent by mail to other PC with the
same analysis software.
RESULTS. At the time of writing, students finalized the first phase of remote testing
and started the protocol of physical activity. Actually, no differences in the monitored
parameters were present between the two groups.
CONCLUSIONS. This study will provide valuable information for planning a preventive
action for the treatment of obesity, metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in
children. The use of telematics control will allow to manage/control/monitor the
activity in remote with the potential of immediate interventions.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
EFFECTIVENESS OF PHYSICAL EXERCISES FOR REGULATION OF THE FUNCTIONAL STATE
OF ANXIOUS CHILDREN IN AN INITIAL STAGE OF ADAPTATION TO SCHOOL
Authors
1
I. Krivolapchuck
Affiliations
1
Institute Of Developmental Physiology Of Russian Academy Of Education Department Of Physiology Of Muscular Activity, Moscow, RUSSIA
Body
Objective. The aim of this work was to optimize the functional state (FS) of anxious sixto eight-year-old schoolchildren on the basis of the use of physical exercises and the
set of means of self-regulation.
Design and method. Children aged six to eight years assigned to the basic medical
group (n=214) based on the state of health participated in the study. The personality
features were studied using Amen’s projective school-related anxiety test, the SMAS
overt anxiety scale, and the incomplete sentences method.
Results. The study aimed at optimizing the FS of anxious six- to eight-year-old children
showed that integrated use of physical exercises of a mainly aerobic character,
relaxation training, respiratory exercises, and functional music is more effective in the
long-term aspect than selective use of these means. Only physical exercises exert a
marked influence in the FS of anxious children under a stressful informational load.
Conclusions. Apparently, long-term adaptation to an adequate muscular activity
ensures improved functioning of, and a better interaction between, the activating and
inactivating structures of the modulating brain system located at different levels of the
CNS, in particular, in the frontal cortical areas. It is emphasized that the peculiarities of
the influence of different means of regulation of the FS on the body of anxious
elementary school children are, largely determined by the immaturity of the
frontothalamic regulatory system and the specifics of the functional organization of
the limbic brain structures. This study was supported by the Russian Foundation for
the Humanities (no.11-06-00182a).
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
FOOD AND EXERCISE AT SCHOOL
Authors
1
1
1
N. Lombini , L. Zambelli , G. Battistini
Affiliations
1
2
Ams (sports Physicians Association), Forli', ITALY,
Ams (sports Physicians
3
Association), Forli', ITALY, Coni (italian National Olympic Committee), Forli', ITALY
Body
The group, consisting of 936
students Forlì schools, was subjected to an
epidemiological survey related to observation and collection of anthropometric
parameters Two one-hour meetings were scheduled in a two-weeks time frame in
each of the participating schools. The epidemiological investigation consisted of the
submission of a pre-test and post-test anonymous questionnaire, to investigate the
students eating and exercise behaviors, their awareness regarding foods nutritional
values, the accessibility to sports clubs . Following the pre-test questionnaire,
interactive lectures were provided to the students. The questionnaire was made by 39
items broken down into 3 sections: personal identifying data:1) age, sex, BMI.
2) Lifestyle and sport activity.
3) Food behaviour and food awareness.
The decision to submit the pre-test leads to estimate the student’s awareness and
interest regarding the survey topic and to recognize the effectiveness of our
communication procedure. The post-test pointed out the following statements:
- Non-answer percentage increased (lack of interest for a discussed topic?)
- 56% of males and 68% of females’ students had a W.N.L BMI
- Most of the students has an healthy lifestyle, and respects the meal routine
- Correct answers percentage increased - Sports clubs trainers do not provide
education regarding nutrition during competitions and training sessions
- Students show unfamiliarity with food nutrients The survey shows the importance to
introduce nutrition concepts to students, starting to manage their diet buying food
independently. It is crucial for students to became familiar with food nutrients such as
proteins, carbohydrates, fibers, fats, sugars, salt and minerals and with nutrition facts
labels.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL WITH AGE AND GENDER IN
PREPUBESCENT CHILDREN
Authors
1
1,2
1,2
1
1
1
O. Mazzardo , I. Balen , E. Legnani , R.F.S. Legnani , R. Guimaraes , W. Campos
Affiliations
1
Federal University Of Parana - Department Of Physical Education/capes, Curitiba,
2
BRAZIL, Federal University Of Technology - Department Of Physical Education,
Curitiba, BRAZIL
Body
Objective: To verify the association between physical activity level with age and gender
in prepubescent children. Materials and Methods: Participated in the study a sample of
1182 children, 612 boys (51.8%), with mean age of 8.4 years (SD=1.2), and mean body
mass index of 17.8 Kg/m2 (SD=3.01). The classification of nutritional status followed
the guidelines proposed by Cole et al (2000). The web-based questionnaire
‘WEBDAFA’, with 11 physical activity images and three categories (slow, fast and very
fast) was answered resulting in a general physical activity score, which was stratified by
quartiles (Q1= Insufficiently active; Q2= Moderately active; Q3= Active; Q4= Highly
active). Descriptive statistics and the Qui-square test were used to identify the
associations between the variables. Results: There was an association between
physical activity level and gender (x2= 26.22, p= 0,001). The percentage of girls (31.2%)
classified in the lower quartile of physical activity level was higher than boys (21.1%),
while frequencies in the highly active quartile was more elevated for boys (29.7%) than
girls (19.1%). A significant association between physical activity level and age was
found (x2= 63.88, p = 0.001). Six and seven-year-old children demonstrated to be less
active (44.9% and 38.1%) than eight and nine year olds (24.5% and 18.4%).
Conclusions: Boys are more physically active than girls, and both gender reached the
highest levels of physical activity at nine years of age.
Reference:
Cole TJ, Bellizzi MG, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child
overweight and obesity worldwide. BMJ. 2000; 320:1-16.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
PREVALENCE IN OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY HABITS IN CHILDREN.
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
G. Grazzi , E. Bernardi , F. Terranova , G. Grossi , G. Mazzoni
Affiliations
1
Biomedical Sport Studies Center, University Of Ferrara, Ferrara, ITALY
Body
Aim: To evaluate the prevalence in overweight/obesity children attended the primary
school [2007-08, (T1) in Ferrara, Italy] and the variation in prevalence by sex and
lifestyle.
Materials and Methods: 2.151 children [1.133 males (M), 1.018 females (F)] were
measured height, weight, Body Mass Index (BMI). Eating and physical activity habits
were evaluated by the compilation of a questionnaire. To evaluate the trend of BMI we
compared this study with a previous one performed in 2003-04 (T0).
Results: 22% were overweight and 9% were obesity. 74% engaged in regular physical
activity. Children’s parents: 56% both were sedentary, 29% only one was active, 15%
both were active.
10 years old children were allocated into 2 groups: active and not active. The mean
BMI was lower* in active group, M (T0: 19, T1: 18.8) and F (T0: 18.8, T1: 18.1). The
prevalence of overweight and obesity is lower* in active population (M: 28.9% vs
39.1%; F: 26.6% vs 31.9%). The prevalence of active children is higher* even if the
parents were active (91% vs 73%). We found a lower BMI, M: from (T0) 18.9 to (T1)
18.5, F: form (T0) 18.7 to (T1) 17.1.
Even the prevalence of overweight and obesity detected in the T1 study was lower*,
M: 38.3% (T0) vs 30.8% (T1), F: 38.1% (T0) vs 28% (T1).
(*T-test, P<0.05)
Conclusion: An active lifestyle has positive effect on body mass composition in primary
school children and the parents lifestyle influence children’s one, consequently one of
the prior educational effort should start from school.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
METABOLIC SYNDROME PREVALENCE IN AGONISCTIC TEENAGERS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
M. Piseri , A. Giacometti , A. Anedda , M. Vanelli , G. Pela' , A. Bonetti
Affiliations
1
University Of Parma - Chair Of Sport Medicine - Clinical Science Department, Parma,
ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE To evidence Metabolic Syndrome prevalence in obese agonistic teenagers.
DESIGN AND METHOD 50 obese subjects, out of 4.757 agonistic teenagers, aged
between 12 and 17, examined at AUSL Parma Center of Sport Medicine from 2008 to
2011, underwent to evaluation, to determine Metabolic Syndrome presence according
to the Adult Treatment Panel III and to the International Diabetes Federation criteria
for children and adolescents. Anthropometric, clinical, laboratory, and medical history
data were evaluated. Sex and age percentiles in Italian population, aged between 2
and 20, were used to analyze waist circumference, weight, height, body mass index,
systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
RESULTS 22 out of 50 subjects (44%) met diagnostic criteria of Metabolic Syndrome
(42% according to the International Diabetes Federation classification): 5 with 4 risk
factors and 17 with 3 risk factors. 40 had insulin-resistance, based on Homeostasis
Model Assessment values. Total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were
respectively increased in 5 (10%) and in 22 (44%), triglycerides in 8 (16%), and the
high-density lipoprotein levels were lower in 32 (64%) subjects. 20 teenagers (40%)
showed blood hypertension. Although in this population family history of obesity was
present, birth weight didn’t seem to represent a risk factor for the development of
obesity later in adolescence.
CONCLUSION Our data confirm that Metabolic Syndrome is found also in adolescence.
Prevalence is in agreement with epidemiological reliefs about obese subjects in
pediatric age, and sport, also at agonistic level, don’t seem to counteract or diminish
the metabolic risk related to weight excess.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
MOVEMENT IS LIFE INTERVENTIONS ON THE SCHOLASTIC POPULATION OF MIDDLE
SCHOOL
Authors
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
D. Campus ,R.Masala , E. Fogarizzu , S. Santus , F.Loy , A.Pintore , A.Puddu , M.A.
1
3
4
4
4
4
4
Ziccheddu , A. Loviselli ,G. Satta , M. Pellicano , I. Murtas , P. Marras , A. Molari ,
4
4
1
M,Scorcu , M.Massenti ,G.C.Steri
Affiliations
2
3
4
ASL 8 Servizio Igiene Sanità, Servizio Prevenzione Ass.to Sanità, AOU CA, MV
Group Sport Med Ser Prev Ass.to Sanità.,ITALY
1
Body
AIM: The Movement is Life project is part of the Regional Prevention Plan 2010-12. It
has been activated in Sardinia to encourage students to increase their levels of physical
activity and reduce the sedentary lifestyle.
MATERIAL AND METHODS The intervention will take place in 66 schools, 23 in the ASL
8 of Cagliari, for a total of 1200 students (cluster-sampling). The 25% between 6 and 9
years is overweight and 30% do not exercise enough (Okkio 2009). The prevalence of
overweight and obesity among 11 and 15 years old is of 14.9% and 3.7%. The 2009
HBSC data shows that only 25% of 15 years old girls do physical activity. The guys of
the 1st class of middle school will do physical activities for another 3 hours a week,
aspect highly recommended by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. The
team of Sports Medicine's Hygiene Service ASL8 will detect BMI, abdominal
circumference and body composition and will involve School Directorates, teachers
and parents using brochures.
RESULTS This project intends to pursue an intensive prevention and surveillance of
habits, behaviors, unhealthy lifestyles where the overall goal of health is the increase
in motor extracurricular activity
CONCLUSIONS It is indispensable an integrated initiative with the school through
stable promotions and protections of health: a moderate-vigorous intensities physical
activity among teenagers, combined with proper nutrition, is among the most effective
tools for control of overweight, obesity and reduction of cardiovascular risk in
adulthood.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
OBESITY AND CLINICAL EXERCISE
Authors
1
G. Battistini , M.L. Petroni, S. Biondi, S. Battistini
Affiliations
1
Villa Igiea Hospital, Forli', ITALY
Body
Words key: obesity, physical activity
The subject with obesity and cardiac pathology is a special patient in terms of
rehabilitation. The literature, does not offer indications with respect to the optimal
elaboration of the program of motor overhauling, that it holds account is of
problematic the cardiological ones that of those metabolic ones tied to the obesity of
high degree. The associated indirect calorimetry to the ergometric test could
represent a useful instrument.
In a group of obese patients (n= 57, M=48, F =9, medium age 55,1 ± 12,0), hospitalized
in government of multidisciplinary assesment in Hospital or Day Hospital for obesity
with cardiac diseases, the rehabilitation program is set up after ecg stress test with
indirect calorimetry for the appraisal of the VO2 max.
Regarding the formula traditional used for the training calculation of the cardiac
frequency (220 - ages in years), the value of training F.C., advised in the subjects with
cardiac disease to us in study on the base of the result of the bound together
ergometric test to indirect calorimetry, turns out inferior and therefore an over
evaluation shows of the theoretical calculation.
During the period of rehabilitation, in no patient they have been marked adverse
events in cardiological within during - or immediately after - the prescribed aerobic
physical exercise on the base of the indirect calorimetry
Conclusions: the associated indirect calorimetry to ecg stress test represents a useful
instrument in the optimization of the programming of the motor overhauling in obese
patients with cardiac pathology.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
PREDICTION OF SPORTS INJURIES BY FERNANDEZ-DELA CRUZ'S INDEX MODELS
Authors
1
1
1
1
J. De La Cruz-márquez , J. De La Cruz-campos , A. De La Cruz-campos , M. Figueroa ,
1
1
1
1
S. Rodriguez-ruiz , B. Cueto-martin , M. Campos.blasco , M. García-jimenez , E.
1
2
Garcia-marmol , A. Fernandez-martínez
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Granada, Granada, SPAIN, University Pablo De Olavide, Sevilla, SPAIN
Body
OBJETIVE: To determine the efficacy of a logistic regression equation predicting sports
injuries.
DESIGN: Participants: 335 volleyball, basketball and football players from 17 to 32
years of mean age 24 ± 3.5) We determine the sports injuries for three seasons, and
relate to the time of training and competition.
FERNANDEZ-DE LA CRUZ’ INJURY PROBABILITY SCORE =
1/ 1+ e- (0.757 + LQA-0,647*TTD2)
Where LQA is the left knee Q angle and TTD2 is the squared value of the difference in
thigh thickness, demonstrating a 72.9% success rate for injury prediction (positive
prediction at 75.68%; negative prediction at 70.73%). This equation is applicable to
men as well as to women.
The overall percentage of correct classification was 68.6%. The cutoff point (0.5)
indicates that the subjects with values equal to or greater than 0.5 would be placed in
the “at risk” category, while a value less than the cutoff point would place them in the
“reduced risk for injury” category.
CONCLUSIONS: Logistic regression equations allow injury prediction for athletes, risk
calculation, and the opportunity for establishing the most effective and appropriate
measures to be taken. Its versatility and capacity for being applied to specific sports
groups allows personalized attention for each group.
The logistic regression analysis can be used as a valid method in determining
anthropometric parameters related to sports injuries, while providing a reliable and
simple method that can be used in the common practice of sports medicine.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
PHYSICAL, CARDIOVASCULAR AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT IN ADOLESCENTS:
MECHANISMS OF RISK AND PROTECTION
Authors
1
1
1
1
J. De La Cruz-márquez , J. De La Cruz-campos , A. De La Cruz-campos , M. Figueroa ,
1
1
1
1
S. Rodriguez-ruiz , B. Cueto-martin , M. Campos.blasco , M. García-jimenez , E.
1
Garcia-marmol
Affiliations
1
University Of Granada, Granada, SPAIN
Body
OBJETIVE: The aim of the present investigation is, to develop a Standardized
Assessment Protocol including (1) physical evaluation (measures of anthropometry,
dinamometry, reaction time, and resitance), (2) physiological evaluation (measures of
arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and electrocardiogram), (3) behavioral evaluation
(measures of physical and sport activity, eating behavior, and drug consumption), and
(4) psychological evaluation (measures of impulsivity, attentional capacity, and
decision making) and to apply this Protocol to a large sample of Andalucian
adolescents (2400), aged between 12 and 18 years. Second, to examine in a sub-group
(624) of this sample the correlations between the non-linear measures of heart rate
variability and the four types of measures included in the Standardized Assessment
Protocol in order to better understand the fractal properties of heart rate fluctuations
and justify their use as an index of cardiovascular and psychological health.
DESIGN AND METHOD:
2400 adolescents (14-18 years; of Andalusia (Spain) (mean: 16.75 ± 2.4). 1275 men,
1125 women. We determined statistical measures of central tendency and dispersion
(statistical package SPSS 12.0).
RESULTS:
Physical hazard: 12.3 ± 3.65 % Sedentary: 35.5 ± 1.77. Overweight: 11.0 ± 2.70.
Hipertension (HPT) : 08.5 ± 3.30 overweight + HPT: 85.1 ± 2.61
(145.3 ± 12.76 mmhg) Psychological risk: 18.5 ± 4.10 (women: 75.9 ± 3.22
16-17 years: 77.5 ± 3.41)
CONCLUSIONS: In this adolescents there are serious risk factors associated with
physical inactivity, impulsivity and eating behavior disorders. Is important to prevent
physical activity and implementing healthy habits at home and at school.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
THE ACUTE EFFECTS OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC STRETCHING EXERCISES ON DYNAMIC
BALANCE PERFORMANCE
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
N. Denerel , M. Ergun , C. Islegen , O. Karamizrak , C. Ozgurbuz , O. Yuksel
Affiliations
1
Ege University School Of Medicine, Sports Medicine Department, Izmir, TURKEY
Body
Objective: to investigate the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching exercises
and the role of gender on dynamic balance.
Design and Methods: 67 recreational athletes; 33 males (age: 20.5 ± 2.3 years) and 34
females (age: 21.4 ± 3 years) were tested in three different protocols including the
control condition, static stretching and dynamic stretching exercises on 3 seperate
days, 48 - 72 hours apart. Before and after each protocol the double foot dynamic
balance were measured based on the isokinetic balance system. Each protocol
involved warm up for 5 minutes using the bicycle ergometer at 50 - 60 rpm 70 W.
Stretching exercises were applied on the four different bilateral lower extremity
muscle groups. For control condition after warm-up subjects were made to rest for 11
minutes and 45 seconds. The time period between the two dynamic balance
measurements was equal for each protocol. Statistical results were analysed using the
SPSS program (version 15.0). Statistical significance was reported at the level of
p<0.05.
Results: All three of the control, static stretching and dynamic stretching protocols
positively affect dynamic balance performance (p<0.01), that gender does not cause a
significant difference (p>0.05) and that the three exercise protocols do not have a
significantly different effect (p>0.05) was found.
Conclusions: These results showed that in the acute phase warm-up, static stretching
and dynamic stretching exercises affect dynamic balance performance positively for
both men and women, and that neither is significantly superior to the other in the
effect on dynamic balance performance.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
INVASTIGATION OF KNEE PAIN AND RANGE OF MOTION BEFORE AND AFTER SHALLOW
WATER EXERCISE IN WOMEN WITH KNEE OA
Authors
1
2
M. Vesalinaseh , F. Zamanian
Affiliations
1
2
Faculty Of Physical Education And Sport Science, Tehran University, Tehran, IRAN,
Department Of Physical Education And Sport Science, Islamic Azad University,
Najafabad Branch, Najafabad, IRAN
Body
Objective: Knee Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis in the old
adults especially in women. Knee OA associated with pain and stiffness of the joint and
decreased range of motion. The aim of this study was investigation the effects of
shallow water exercise on ROM and knee pain in elderly women with knee OA.
Methods: 30 elderly women with knee OA over 60 years old voluntarily participated in
present study. Knee pain was evaluated by KOOS questionnaire. Using Berg
questionnaire, the falling risk was evaluated. Range of motion (ROM) of the knee joint
was actively assessed using a standard goniometer. Then the subjects were divided
into experimental and control groups randomly. Experimental group underwent a
12weeks (three sessions per week) water exercise program. The control groups did not
participate in any training program. The evaluations were repeated after the treatment
sessions. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used for statistical analysis.
Results: After water exercise ROM Improved significantly (p=0.03). Also water exercise
reduced the knee pain (P= 0.008).
Conclusions: exercise in the water, where it declines weight bearing and stress on the
joints, due to increase ROM, decline the knee OA pain. it allows elderly with knee OA
to participate in this crucial way of staying healthy.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS: PRELIMINARY DATA OF THE
IMPLEMENTATION OF A SUPERVISED TAILORED EXERCISE PROGRAM ON PATIENT’S
EXERCISE CAPACITY AND QUALITY OF LIFE
Authors
1
2
3
3
4
4
S.M. Molinari , G. Gallucci , M. Sangregorio , M. De Lisa , F. Miele , M. Canadeo , I.
4
5
Cantore , S. Laurita
Affiliations
1
Istituto Di Ricovero E Cura A Carattere Scientifico (irccs), Centro Di Riferimento
2
Oncologico Della Basilicata (crob), Rionero In Vulture (pz), ITALY, U.o.s. Cardiologia
3
Irccs Crob, Rionero In Vulture (pz), ITALY, Fmsi Potenza, U.o. Medicina Dello Sport,
4
5
Asp Basilicata, Potenza, ITALY, U.o. Medicina Dello Sport Fmsi, Potenza, ITALY, Fmsi,
Basilicata, Potenza, ITALY
Body
Background. The link between physical activity (PA) and cancer is undoubtedly
recognized. Physically active patients have been associated to a lower all-cause
mortality than non active. Moreover, recent studies have shown that PA reduces the
sequelae related to cancer and the side effects of cancer therapy, modifies biomarkers
associated with cancer development such as estrogen and adinopectin and improves
quality of life. Aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of a 12- week training
program on exercise capacity and health related quality of life (HRQOL) of breast
cancer survivors. These results will provide more evidence on the importance of a
planned exercise therapy in breast cancer patients.
Methods. We recruited female disease-free patients (aged 40 - 80) after traditional
treatment (surgery, and/or chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy). Inclusion criteria
were: an history of early stage breast cancer and a low physical activity level. On phase
1, at the hospital, the patients performed a stress test in order to measure peak
oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) and exclude silent coronary artery disease. On phase 2,
outside the hospital, the patients performed 12 weeks (3 times/wk) of supervised
tailored training. The training consisted of both resistance exercises, involving major
muscle groups, and aerobic exercises, walking or running on a treadmill. Every session
of training lasted 60 minutes. After the 12 weeks of training, patients performed
another stress test. Before and after training a HRQOL questionnaire was required.
Conclusion. Tailored supervised training program should become a cornerstone of
therapy in breast cancer patients, reducing the risk of recurrences, decreasing the
burden of cardiovascular diseases and improving quality of life.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
EFFECTS OF AN ACUTE RESISTANCE AND AEROBIC EXERCISE SESSION ON THE
ANTIOXIDANT DEFENCE SYSTEM IN HEALTHY MEN
Authors
1
1
2
1
M. Afzalpour , M. Saghebjoo , A. Zarban , M. Jani
Affiliations
1
University Of Birjand, Department Of Physiacal Education And Sport Sciences, Birjand,
2
IRAN, Birjand University Of Medical Sciences, Department Of Biochemistry, Birjand,
IRAN
Body
Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the serum total antioxidant capacity,
bilirubin and malondialdehyde levels after an acute resistance and aerobic exercise in
healthy men. This study is a semi-experimental research.
Design and Method: 29 healtyh men participanted in the study and they were
randomly divided into three groups including acute resistance exercise group(N=10),
acute aerobic exercise group(N=10) and a control group(N=9). Participants had no any
choronic diseases, smoking and supplement foods. Total antioxidative capacity,
bilirubin and malondialdehyde were measured as dependent variables. When the
normal distribution of the data is approved by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, we applied
the independent t-test, dependent t-test and analysis of variance for extraction of
results. Significance level was considered if p<0/05.
Results: Results showed that levels of bilirubin(p<0.006 and p<0.005 respectively) and
total antioxidative capacity(p<0.001 and p<0.02 respectively) significantly increased
after both acute resistance and aerobic exercises; but there was no significant changes
in malondialdehyde(p>0.05) levels. In addition, it is observed that mean changes of
antioxidant defence indices of serum had no any significant(P>0.05) differences
between groups.
Conclusion: Beased on the findings, performing of an acute resistance or aerobic
exercise may enhance antioxidative defense system of the body similarly and
consideration to the type and mode of exercise training, it could not make any
differences about induced responses to exercise.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
EXPLOSIVE-TYPE OF MODERATE-RESISTANCE TRAINING IN THE ELDERLY: BIOLOGICAL
AND FUNCTIONAL EFFECTS
Authors
1
M. Beltran Valls , A. Brunelli, I. Di Mauro, P. Caserotti, V. Disalvo, E. Ciminelli, F.
Quaranta, E. Tranchita, A. Parisi, D. Caporossi
Affiliations
1
2
3
University Of Rome Foro Italico- Department Of Health Sciences, Rome, ITALY, 1, 1,
4
University Of Southern Denmark -department Of Sports Sciences And Clinical
5
6
7
8
9
10
Biomechanics, Odense, DENMARK, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1
Body
Objective
The aim of the study was to analyse the effects of 12 weeks low frequency
(2days/week) explosive-type moderate-resistance training (EMRT) at 70% of 1RM on
cardiovascular fitness, functional capacity and on molecular markers.
Methods
Twenty-one medically stable men and women (72±3 yrs) were divided into training
(n=13) and control group (n=8). Cardiovascular fitness (ECG, hearth rate, blood
pressure) was assessed by maximal graded exercise stress test (GXT). Muscle power
was assessed with standardized countermovement jump (CMJ) and during leg
extension, leg curl, low row and chest press devices with load at 70% of 1RM recorded
at baseline (FreePower, Sensorize). Functional performance was measured by 6-m
walking (6MW) and stairs climbing (SC) tests. HSP70 and HSP27 were analyzed by
western blot. MPO and BNP were quantified by ELISA.
Results
Training increased maximum GXT load 16% (p <0.05) while heart rate and blood
pressure for the same relative work intensity did not change. Peak power recorded on
the 4 devices and during the CMJ increased by 20-30% (p<0.05) along with increase in
the 6MW and SC speed (p<0.05). HSP70 and HSP27 decreased 28%-31% respectively
(p<0.05). MPO diminished 11% (p<0.05) while BNP remained unchanged (p>0.05).
Conclusion
The trend to reduced heart rate and blood pressure and the unchanged BNP values
indicate that EMRT may not be hazardous for this age population. The reduced basal
levels of HSP and MPO show an adaptation to the acute exercise stimuli during training
attributable to higher tolerance and reduction of cellular stress.
Grant 2009 of Foro Italico University
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
PLIN2 EXPRESSION IN HUMAN SKELETAL MUSCLE IS ASSOCIATED WITH INACTIVITY
AND AGING
Authors
1
2
3
1
1
2
M. Conte , F. Vasuri , G. Trisolino , E. Bellavista , A. Santoro , A. Degiovanni , E.
3
2
4
5
1
1
Martucci , A. D'errico-grigioni , A.B. Mayer , M. Narici , S. Salvioli , C. Franceschi
Affiliations
1
Dept. Of Experimental Pathology And Cig, Interdepartmental Center L. Galvani,
2
University Of Bologna, Bologna, ITALY, Pathology Unit Of The F. Addarii Institute Of
3
Oncology, S.orsola-malpighi Hospital, University Of Bologna, Bologna, ITALY,
Reconstructive Hip And Knee Joint Surgery, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, ITALY,
4
Dept. Of Gerontology And Geriatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden,
5
School Of Graduate Entry Medicine And Health, University Of
NETHERLANDS,
Nottingham, Nottingham, UNITED KINGDOM
Body
Background: fat infiltration in skeletal muscle is associated with aging and physical
inactivity. Low levels of physical activity cause an increase of fat mass between skeletal
muscles in older adults as well as in sedentary healthy young individuals. High levels of
inter-muscular adipose tissue contribute to muscle quality decline, predict sarcopenia
and increase risk of mobility impairment. Much less is known about lipid deposition
within muscle fibres and muscle function. Intracellular lipid droplets are associated
with a number of proteins, among which Perilipins (Plins) play a critical role in
regulating intracellular lipid storage and mobilization. In particular, Plin2 is expressed
in human skeletal muscle.
Methods: this study aimed at investigating the different expression level of Plin2 in
skeletal muscle from healthy or affected by mobility-limitating pathologies subjects. In
the framework of the EU 7th Program Project MYOAGE, we analysed muscle samples
from active and sedentary individuals and from hip-surgery patients of different age.
Plin2 expression and distribution in muscle Vastus lateralis were investigated with
Real-Time PCR, WB and IHC.
Results: Plin2 expression is associated with age. This phenomenon is more evident in
patients with decreased limb mobility. Furthermore, among old patients, an inverse
association is present between muscle strength and Plin2 expression.
Conclusions: these results suggest that lipid deposition occurs with age not only as fat
infiltration of the muscle fascicle but also within the muscle cells. This phenomenon is
exhacerbated by inactivity. Therefore a maintained physical activity can preserve
skeletal muscle from intra-fibre lipid deposition even in old age.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS INDUCED BY ECCENTRIC EXERCISE IS NOT
RELATED WITH MUSCLE FIBER SWELLING OR INFLAMMATION
Authors
1
2
2
2
2
J. Yu , J. Liu , L. Carlsson , L. Thornell , P. Stål
Affiliations
1
Depart. Surgical And Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine Unit, Umeå University,
2
Umeå, SWEDEN, Depart. Integrative Medical Biology, Section For Anatomy, Umeå
University, Umeå, SWEDEN
Body
The so-called Z-band streaming appeared in muscles with delayed onset muscle
soreness (DOMS) after eccentric exercise (Friden et al., 1984) has recently been proved
to be actually a sign of myofibrillar remodeling (Yu et al, 2003; Carlsson et al., 2007;
Malm and Yu, 2012). Despite that, the etiology of DOMS is still unclear.
14 healthy medical studies were recruited and randomly distributed into control (CON
= 5) or eccentric exercise group (ECC = 9). The ECC performed eccentric exercise on
soleus muscle and experienced DOMS which peaked at 2-3d post exercise. CON did not
perform any exercise. Soleues muscle biopsy was taken from both CON and ECC at 1h,
2-3d and 7-8d post exercise. The biopsy was evaluated for sarcolemma integrity, fiber
size and inflammatory cells using enzyme- and immunohistochemistry.
No visible sarcolema injury was observed in any fiber despite intracellular fibrinogen
was observed in some fibers. No difference in fiber size was observed between CON
and ECC groups; however, fiber size was larger at 7-8d than at 2-3d (p<0.05). A few
(<0.1%) new fibers of small size and macrophages/monocytes were observed mostly at
2-3d. We concluded that DOMS induced by voluntary eccentric exercise is not due to
either fiber inflammation/necrosis or fiber swelling.
Referens:
1.
Fridén J, Kjörell U, Thornell LE. Delayed muscle soreness and cytoskeletal
alterations: an immunocytological study in man. Int J Sports Med. 1984: 5: 15-18
2.
Yu JG, Fürst DO, Thornell LE. The mode of myofibril remodelling in human
skeletal muscle affected by DOMS induced by eccentric contractions. Histochem Cell
Biol 2003: 119: 383-393
3.
Carlsson L, Yu JG, Moza M, Carpén O, Thornell LE. Myotilin: a prominent
marker of myofibrillar remodelling. Neuromuscul Disord 2007: 17: 61-68.
4.
Malm C, Yu JG. 2012 (Apr 10). Exercise-induced muscle damage and
inflammation: re-evaluation by proteomics. Histochem Cell Biol
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
BEHAVIOR OF BLOOD CREATINFOSFOKINASA LEVELS IN ULTRAENDURANCE RACING
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
F. Ramognino , C. Valenti , A. Marincola , A. Mohni , M. Gonzalez , F. Cillo , G.
1
1
1
1
Fantuzzi , K. Galvan , M. Romano , C. Yche
Affiliations
1
Hospital General De Agudos J. A. Penna - Consultorio De Actividad Física, Deporte Y
Salud, Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA
Body
Objective: assess levels of blood Creatinfosfokinasa (CPK) in ultraendurance racing.
Design and methods: were evaluated eleven male runners between 40 and 56 years
old (mean 45,88; SD 4,91), by performing a blood CPK measurement immediately
before and immediately after an ultraendurance race. It consisted of running 24 or 48
hours on running track, trying to run the greatest distance. The average distance run in
the race for 48 hours was 211,81 km (max 262,90 km; min 170,11 km). The average
distance run in the race for 24 hours was 163,26 km (170,58 km and 155,95 km). Both
races were analyzed together. To compare the means of CPK prior to the start with
CPK post-race, t Student Test for paired samples was used.
Results: The mean of CPK prior to the start was 174,18 UI/l (SD 104,60 UI/l). The mean
of CPK post-race was 4933,91 UI/l (SD 3979,02 UI/l), signifying an increase of 2732,62
% of CPK compare to baseline (p = 0,003). The mean of the difference between CPK
post-race and CPK before the start was 4759,72 UI/l (CI 2087,97 – 7431,48).
Conclusion: CPK serum levels rise up to 27 times after ultraendurance racing. Future
studies will determinate the usefull of this data.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
VIBRATION ENERGY AND ISOTONIC EXERCISE:APPROACH TO FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
AND MUSCLE STRENGTHENING
Authors
1
1
1
G. Battistini , E. Galtieri , F. Fontana
Affiliations
1
2
Ass. Sports Medicine, Forli', ITALY, Private Sport Traumatology Centre, Cesena,
3
ITALY, Medicina Ravenna Sport Traumatology Centre, Ravenna, ITALY
Body
The work described here consists in using controlled-frequency vibration, associated
with an isotonic machine for the upper and lower limbs.
The systems consist in two different machines; the first for the treatment of upper
limbs, who consist in
a cable system with two arms whose height with respect to the ground can be
adjusted, to which weights ranging between 5 and 80 Kg can be connected; the
treatment of lower extremity, is possible by a leg press machine.
The vibration is controlled by means of a switchboard allowing for the production of a
vibration which may be simultaneous or not, but also, more importantly, it is possible
to select its frequency (from 25 to 70 Hz).
The effects of the vibration therefore result in:
1)Greater muscular power
2)Greater tendon elasticity
3)Greater joint flexibility
4)Improvement of vascular and lymphatic drainage
5)Improvement of proprioceptiveness
Our experiment, aimed at proving the efficiency of isotonic exercise associated with
controlled vibration, consisted in carrying out an Isokinetic Test on several individuals
before and after the treatment. Intra/extra rotation was used for the shoulder, prono/
supination for the TT joint and flex/extension for the knee, because it was showed the
most stable movements whose compensation did not affect the muscle performance.
Conclusion
The rehabilitation of a joint and the strengthening of the muscles involved in the
movement, undoubtedly shows substantial advantages from being associated with
controlled vibration in terms of reduction of the weight applied (more safety), early
increase of joint excursion, reduction in the number of sessions; in conclusion this
means shorter recovery times.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
PROCESS CAPABILITY IN ARTERIAL OXYHEMOGBLOBIN SATURATION MEASUREMENT
BY PULSE OXIMETRY
Authors
1
2
2
1
J. Beckert , R. Minhalma , F. Alves , N. Neuparth
Affiliations
1
Cedoc, Faculdade De Ciencias Medicas, Universidade Nova De Lisboa, Lisboa,
2
PORTUGAL, Ciper, Faculdade De Motricidade Humana, Universidade Tecnica De
Lisboa, Lisboa, PORTUGAL
Body
Artificial altitude training is now a common methodology used by elite athletes to
improve performance. World Anti Doping Agency recommends medical supervision
for artificial altitude use.
Arterial oxygenation is a crucial parameter and the gold standard measurement
method is by co-oximetry saturation. Although precise, the method requires arterial
blood samples. Continuous noninvasive measurement of arterial oxyhemoglobin
saturation by pulse oximetry should be an alternative but only some oximeters have
been validated.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the reliability of the pulse oximeters used in
our laboratory.
We perform a methodological study with two different subjects, submitted to eight
successive hypoxic expositions (at altitude equivalent of 5000m) until pulse oximetry
drops below 85%. During each exposure, six digital pulse oximeters from the same
manufacturer were used simultaneously. The protocol selected is intentionally similar
to an Hypoxic Exposition Test we are implementing.
The variance of the measurement process in each hypoxic exposition was calculated
with mixed model ANOVA-based reliability statistics, expressing the equipment
discrepancies.
The significance level and the specified precision are parameters chosen by the quality
control responsible.
The measurement process capability is good (larger then 1.3) until a 1% precision, with
a 95% level of significance.
The typical error approach represents the noise of measurement process. As sometime
the signal is not very large, we use 3 oximeters and average the data to obtain a
smaller noise.
This study supports the construction of control charts for quality assessment and the
methodology is extensible to other relevant biometrical parameters.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
ECG POCKET: A WEARABLE DEVICE TO FIND OUT ECG ARRHYTHMIAS DURING
SPORTING ACTIVITIES.
Authors
1
2
3
4
D. Di Mattia , F. Fincati , M. Audrito , M.L. Costantino
Affiliations
1
Fmsi-istituto Di Medicina Dello Sport.università Degli Studi Di Milano-ospedale Luigi
2
Sacco-divisione Di Cardiochirurgia, Milano, ITALY, Gruppo Multimedica. Centro Di
3
Medicina Dello Sport Larix., Milano, ITALY, A.b. Biomedical Engineering., Carmagnola
4
(to), ITALY, Politecnico Di Milano - Dipartimento Di Ingegneria Strutturale., Milano,
ITALY
Body
ECG Pocket is a portable device corresponding in size to a standard credit card. ECG
Pocket measures and stores the electrical activity of the human heart during a
physiological condition or at the onset of a subjective feeling of arrhythmia or other
heart rhythm abnormalities. Characteristics of these alterations are
extemporaneousness, unpredictability and variability during a period of time which
is usually relatively short. These unpredictable changes of the electrical heart rhythm
make alterations hardly detectable and measurable during a planned clinical
instrumental control like that of a Holter Monitor. The device, called ECG Pocket, is
provided with a memory for recording the electric signal that will be later
downloaded and read on any type of Personal Computer, Netbook, Notebook, Tablet
or Smartphone.You can also record the ECG signal on a SIM card in a Mobile and send
captured data to a Service Center for instant reading and prompt evaluation. Unlike
traditional portable heart rate devices that measure only the heart rate, ECG Pocket
is able to detect any abnormalities of cardiac rhythm. It can be worn during daily or
sporting activities and it is suitable for sudden and impromptu use, requiring no
professional personnel to record the ECG signal. The device can be quickly and easily
employed by everyone, even non-expert, to record the heart's electrical activity with
no preparation for the traditional ECG recording. The user has only to grasp ECG
Pocket between thumb and forefinger of each hand to allow recording the
electrocardiogram in a D2 derivation.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
ULTRASOUND (US)-GUIDED INTRATENDINOUS INJECTION OF PRP IN PATELLAR
TENDON (PT): PRELIMINARY RESULTS
Authors
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
G. Ferrero , F. Lacelli , D. Orlandi , E. Fabbro , C. Martini , V. Prono , G. Serafini
Affiliations
1
2
Di.m.i., Genova, ITALY, Ospedale Santa Corona, Pietra Ligure, ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the effectiveness of US-guided intratendinous injection of PRP in chronic
pathology of patellar tendon.
DESIGN AND METHOD
We evaluated 28 patellar tendons of 24 patients practicing sport(14M,mean age
37.4years)with clinical diagnosis of patellar tendinopathy and US or magnetic
resonance imaging evidence of tendon degeneration.Clinical scores were assessed
before treatment using the VISA scale questionnaire.In all patients was performed an
US-guided scarification with a 21G needle of the preinsertional and insertional regions
of the PT and were introduced,under US guidance,6 ml of autologous PRP from
previous sampling,in the areas of tendinosis.In all patients,two treatments were
performed at a distance of 3 weeks.For all patients a clinical evaluation was carried
out,a VISA questionnaire was filled in and an US examination was executed at 20 days
after second treatment.The clinical and ultrasound follow-up at 6 months was
obtained in 13 patients.
RESULTS
The VISA score had an average improvement of 21/100 at 20 days and 32/100 in the
follow-up at 6 months. The US evaluation at 20 days showed a reduction in tendon
thickness and of tendinosis areas in 22 patients(92%).In 20 patients(83%),in the follow
at 20 days from the second treatment,it was observed an increase in the
intratendinous vascular signals at power-Doppler evaluation.The vascularity increase
was absent in the 13 follow-up at 6 months.
CONCLUSIONS
US-guided injection of autologous blood associated with dry needling showed to be
able to modify the local tendinous reparative response with a statistically significant
improvement of the VISA scale at 20 days after the second treatment and at 6 months
follow-up.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
MATCH ANALYSIS AND POSSIBLE IMPLICATIONS ON INJURIES IN BASKETBALL
Authors
1
1
2
1
1
4
G. Mennelli , P. Benelli , D. Sisti , M. Gervasi , F. Lucertini , M. Marcolini , R.
3
Venerandi
Affiliations
1
Dipartimento Di Scienze Biomolecolari Sezione Scienze Motorie E Della Salute
2
Università Degli Studi Di Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino, ITALY, Dipartimento Disteva,
3
Università Degli Studi Di Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino, ITALY, Società Scavolini Siviglia
4
Basket, Pesaro, ITALY, Società K-sport, Montelabbate, Pesaro, ITALY
Body
Video match analysis is used to assess physical performance of basketball players.
15 matches of a Italian 'Serie-A' team were video analyzed during the 2010-2011
season. The aims of this study were i) to analyze player performances and differences
among roles, and ii) correlating movement patterns with injuries.
The movements on the basket pitch of 2 Plays, 3 Guards, 4 Forwards and 2 Centers
were monitored throughout all matches using a semiautomatic system (K-Sport, Italy).
Both time spent accelerating (>1m•s-2 for positive, <-1m•s-2 for and negative
accelerations; >3m•s-2 for positive, <-3m•s-2 for negative high intensity accelerations)
and number of changes of direction (CdD) were calculated and averaged (±DS). A
Multivariate Analysis of Variance was performed to compare role differences.
On average, players spent 22.8±0.7% of the game time accelerating with Plays
performing significantly more accelerations (23.8%) than other roles. Average number
of CdD were 1063±48 each match, with Guards performing significantly more CdD
than other roles. Therefore, Plays and Guards are the most demanding roles; this could
partly explain the higher number of injuries occurred to these players compared to the
players of other roles. The analysis of the time spent accelerating at high intensity by a
single Guard who incurred in a muscular injury revealed it was about 300% higher than
the rest of the team. This suggests the possible correlation between specific
movement patterns and risk of injuries. In conclusion, identifying movement patterns
may be essential in prescribing specific training for each role and reducing the injury
risk.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
PATELLO-FEMORAL CHONDROPATHY TREATED WITH MD-KNEE TRANSMITTED WITH
O2 VS CHONDROITIN SULPHATE
Authors
1
G. Posabella
Affiliations
1
European Medical Center, Pieve Di Cento, ITALY
Body
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a physiotherapy treatment,
using a new method, the propulsion of high pressure oxygen, 2.5 atm, transmitting
collagen in patients with patellofemoral chondropathy, compared with controls
receiving condrointinsolfato.
For the number of twenty patients per group was administered a questionnaire to
record the degree of disability resulting from the chondropathy, has taken the index
WOMAC (Western Ontario McMaster) for the pain scale, function and stiffness of
lower limbs and that of the Lequesne functional limitation.
This evaluation was performed before treatment and after 1, 2, 3, 6 and 12 weeks.
Statistical analysis was performed with the Student test.
The conveyance of the drug KNEE MD and collagen was performed with the propulsion
of pure oxygen up to 98% and a pressure of 2.5 ATM, supported by a handful of the
skin, once a week for 12 weeks for a total of 12 doses against oral administration of
chondroitin daily. Patients were also assessed by an anthropometric point of view,
resulting in fat mass and body mass index (BMI).
The results were evaluated with T Student and the results are statistically significant
at p <0.0001 both with the scale WOMAC index of pain, stiffness and joint function
both as a scale that assesses a Lequesne algo-functional index.
It’s important to note the absolute lack of side effects in the group treated with oxygen
infusion, in addition to the low cost of treatment than the group treated with oral
medications.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
MUSCULAR ENERGETIC METABOLISM IN HEALTHY AND DIABETIC SUBJECTS DURING
THE VISIT TO ASSESS ELIGIBILITY TO COMPETITIVE SPORT: A MICRODIALYSIS STUDY
Authors
1
1
2
3
4
5
G. Puggioni , M. Pellicano , A. Pacifico , M. Scorcu , S. Suelzu , P.A. Serra
Affiliations
1
2
Fisiokons, Centro Di Medicina Sportiva, Sassari, ITALY, Servizio Di Diabetologia,
3
Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Sassari, ITALY, Servizio Di Medicina Dello Sport Asl
4
6, Sanluri, ITALY, Dipartimento Di Scienze Chirurgiche, Microchirurgiche E Mediche,
5
Università Di Sassari, Sassari, ITALY, Dipartimento Di Medicina Clinica E Sperimentale,
Università Di Sassari, Sassari, ITALY
Body
Microdialysis is a minimally-invasive sampling technique that allows the recovery of
low molecular weight analytes from interstitial fluids. Using this technique, the
metabolic status of anterior tibialis muscle has been studied in healthy (control) and
diabetic subjects during the visits to assess eligibility to competitive sport using
maximal exercise testing. Eleven healthy and ten diabetic young subjects were selected
for the study. A microdialysis catheter was inserted in the anterior tibialis muscle
under local aneasthesia and left in place for 3 hours. Muscular tissue metabolism
(glucose, lactate, pyruvate, glycerol, lactate/pyruvate (L/P) and lactate/glucose (L/G)
ratios) was assessed before, during and after the cycloergometric test. Baseline levels
of lactate, pyruvate and glycerol were not significantly different in both groups while
glucose was higher in diabetic subjects and, on the contrary, L/P and L/G ratios were
higher in healthy subjects. During the test, extracellular levels of glucose and lactate
increased in both groups while glycerol increased significantly only in diabetic subjects.
After the cycloergometric test, pyruvate increased in both groups but in diabetic
subjects its absolute value was about two times higher than in controls. Only in healthy
subjects L/P ratio increased during test while L/G ratio increased in both groups, much
more in controls. By associating microdialysis and incremental exercise test up to
exhaustion, performed during the visit to assess eligibility to competitive sport,
intramuscular metabolic differences between healthy and diabetic subjects were
highlighted. Overall, these changes suggest an accumulation of pyruvate and an
increased availability of glycerol in diabetic subjects.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN SPORTS MEDICINE
Title
NEED FOR A TOOL: HANDLING PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS BIOCHEMICAL DATA
Authors
1
1
1
2
3
1
G. Tempesti , A. Bartolini , N. Gori , G. Romagnoli , P. Pezzati , L. Stefani , G.
1
Galanti
Affiliations
1
2
3
Sports Medicine, Florence, ITALY, Engineering Informatic Faculty, Florence, ITALY,
General Laboratory Diagnostic Department, Florence, ITALY
Body
Objective: According to Italian regulation, professional athletes undergo to a periodical
biochemical parameters evaluation addressed to maintain health. A software analyzes
biochemical parameters focused on monitoring of Least Significant Change (LSC) for
hematological variables.
Design and Method: Since January 2008 to July 2011, 81 professional soccer players
blood samples were collected. According to quality standard reference Clinical
Laboratory, a dedicated software allows the user retrieving LSC in the team’s athletes.
LSC = 2.77(CVi2 + CVa2)1/2 equation, including every athlete’s data, derived from
soccer seasonal training period. The software identifies hematological values exceeded
the LSC values.
Results: Standard hematological mean team values (2009/2010), were within the
normal range (Hb 15.2 ± 0.6 g/dL, min 13.9, max 16.6; HcT 43.0 ± 1.9 %, min 41.0, max
49.0; MCV 87.3 ± 3.0 fL, min 82.0, max 93.5; reticulocytes number 0.0433 ± 0.0128 x
1012/L, min 0.0186, max 0.0732). The LSC for Hb (5.80%), HT (8.20%) and MCV (2.41%)
and reticulocytes count (17.96%) resulted to be normal, with the exclusion of soccer
players data exceed LSC value in consequence of the training period at the same work
load. In the 6.2% of the all samples investigated for each athlete, the hematological
variation was over the LSC.
Conclusion: The software retrieves epidemiological information based on the
physiological changes of the hematological parameters occurring during the seasonal
competitions. It can therefore be propose to clarify several clinical questions related to
regular training or to risk factors particularly if in presence of different work load or
recurrent injuries.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
NUTRITIONAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STATUS OF SYNCHRONIZED SWIMMERS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
M. Andjelkovic , I. Baralic , T. Antic , N. Dikic , M. Vukasinovic Vesic , D. Curcic
Affiliations
1
Sport Medicine Association Of Serbia, Belgrade, SERBIA
Body
Objectives
The aim was to present national team of synchronized swimmers who are started
preparation for Olympic Games in Rio 2016.
Materials/Methods
Anthropometric measurements, spirometry, blood samples, flexibility tests,
ergospirometry test and hand grip strength test were conducted. They completed
three-day diet records, BES, EAT-26, PDS and SCOOF questionnaire.
Results
The subjects were 14 trained female synchronized swimmers with mean age, height,
weight and F% of 15.2±1.3years, 167.3±6.3cm, 53.8±4.2kg and 21.8±3.6. Average BMI
was 19.2±0.9 kg/m2
which reflected lowest weight category. Daily energy intake
of 2364.8±531 kcal and fluid intake of 1782.3±555 ml were significant lower (p<0,001)
then those obtained by the formula. Macronutrient ratio with high intake of fat (34%),
low CHO (49%) and normal proteins (17%) were not in desirable range. The mean
intakes of Mg, fiber, Ca, Fe, K, Vit.C, Vit.B6 and Vit.B6 were below DRI with higher
intakes of Na and P. Subnormal serum ferritin was found in 3 swimmers. VO2max of
38.9 ml/min/kg and results of spirometry, flexibility and strength tests showed average
results. All girls were in postmenarchal period. Three swimmers reported negative
feelings about their appearance with risk of eating disorder.
Conclusion
Dietary practices and eating behaviors of synchronized swimmers indicates a need for
continuous screening and dietary intervention with aim to maintain adequate
nutrition, improve health status and reduce risk of eating disorder, as long term
strategy for high sport performance before Olympic Games.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
BODY COMPOSITION IN ITALIAN PREMIER LEAGUE OUTFIELD SOCCER PLAYERS:
INFLUENCE OF PLAYING POSITION
Authors
1
1
1
2
2
2
P. Ferrari , G. Corradini , F. De Vita , F. Zamboni , M. Meneghello , P. Bruzzone , C.
3
2
Milanese , M. Ferrari
Affiliations
1
2
Chievo Verona Football Club, Verona, ITALY, School Of Sports Medicine, University
3
Of Verona, Verona, ITALY, Faculty Of Motor Sciences, University Of Verona, Verona,
ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE: Body composition is a key consideration in the physical make-up of
professional soccer players. The aim of the study was to evaluate total and segmental
body composition in elite outfield soccer players divided in five roles (central
defenders, lateral defenders, central midfielders, lateral midfielders, strikers), by
utilizing dual energy Xray-absorptiometry (DEXA).
METHODS: We enrolled 163 soccer players (age 27.3±4.5) from the first division of the
Italian championship. All of them underwent DEXA, before the beginning of the
championship. Measured variables included bone mineral density (BMC), lean (LM)
and fat mass (FM).
RESULTS: The lateral midfielders had the highest total FM. This was due to a higher leg
fat, whereas there was no difference in fat trunk between the roles. The strikers and
the lateral midfielders had an higher total LM, statistically significant in respect to
central midfielders and lateral defenders. As for the FM, there were no differences in
trunk lean between the different roles, while the strikers and the lateral midfielders
had significant higher leg LM than the others. The central midfielders had significantly
higher BMC in the trunk than the other roles. The central defenders had the less
quantity of total BMC, due to minor BMC in the leg.
CONCLUSION: 1)Elite soccer players divided in five different roles are not a
homogenous population as previously described; 2)when evaluating soccer players,
segmental body composition, other than the whole body composition, must be take
into account; 3)a three compartment model in which also BMC is considered, must be
used.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
ALOE VERA EXTRACT COMPLEX REDUCES BODY FAT MASS AND INCREASES LEAN BODY
MASS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
M. Han , H. Choi , S. Kim , B. Cho , K. Son , B. Oh
Affiliations
1
Seoul National University Hospital, Department Of Family Medicine, Seoul, SOUTH
KOREA
Body
Background: The metabolic effects of Aloe vera extract complex (Aloe QDM complex)
on prediabetes and early diabetes mellitus (DM) in human are unknown.
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effects of Aloe QDM complex on body weight,
body fat mass (BFM), lean body mass (LBM), fasting blood glucose (FBG), insulin, and
HOMA-IR in obese patients with prediabetes or early DM.
Design: Obese 122 subjects with prediabetes or early DM without diabetes medication
were randomly assigned to intervention or control group and took medications for 8
weeks.
Results: Body weight and BFM were significantly decreased in the intervention group
at 8 weeks (P = 0.020, P = 0.028, respectively). LBM increase was significant in the
intervention group at 8 weeks (P = 0.041) but not significant between two groups.
Insulin and HOMA-IR were lower in the intervention group at 4 weeks (P = 0.042, P =
0.047, respectively), and showed borderline significance at 8 weeks (P = 0.094, P =
0.075, respectively). FBG showed a lowering tendency in the intervention group in
respect to time (P = 0.024 at 8 weeks), but did not differ significantly between groups
(P = 0.157 at 8 weeks).
Conclusion: In obese subjects with prediabetes or early DM without diabetes
medication, Aloe QDM complex has an effect on reducing body weight and BFM and
can improve insulin resistance.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
CADETS’ PERCEPTION OF EXERCISE AND RECOVERY UNDER RAMADAN FASTING
CONDITIONS
Authors
1
K. Havenetidis
Affiliations
1
Hellenic Army Academy-faculty Of Physical And Cultural Education, Vari, GREECE
Body
Aim of the study: To examine the effects of Ramadan fasting on endurance running
performance and recovery. Materials and methods: Twenty male cadets randomly
assigned to fasting and non-fasting group, performed a multistage run test (MRT) pre
and post periodized training. Various training loads (flat running, cross country
running, strength training), Ratings of Perceived Exertions (RPE), Total Quality
Recovery (TQR) and heart rates (maximum, average) were daily monitored for a
four-week period. Results: No significant differences existed in MRT performance
parameters (VO2max, stage velocity, heart rates) for fasting versus non-fasting group,
whilst both groups showed a significant performance improvement following the
training program. Compared with pre training values, VO2max values were higher for
fasting (59.8 ± 2.5 versus 62.1 ± 1.6 mL . kg-¹ . min-¹ ; p<0.01) and non-fasting subjects
(59.3 ± 2.1 versus 62.6 ± 2.0 mL . kg-¹ . min-¹ ; p<0.001). No significant differences
were found in various training loads, heart rates and RPE between groups. In
contrast, TQR values were lower (p<0.05) in fasting (14.6 ± 1.3) versus the non-fasting
group (15.7 ± 1.1). A strong relationship (r=0.88; p<0.01) was also evident between
TQR values and recovery actions (stretching, cool down, swimming and sauna) for
fasting cadets. Conclusions: Ramadan fasting does not lead to heart rate differences
or/and impaired training volume and incremental endurance running performance.
However, as subjective readings of recovery are significantly reduced for fasting
cadets, the use of specific recovery interventions may help them to manage more
efficiently inelastic military programs.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
DEVELOPMENT OF A SPORTS DRINK WITH JOINT PROTECTING INGREDIENTS
Authors
1
1
1
M. Konrad , M. Schmidt , E. Pail
Affiliations
1
Fh Joanneum; Degree Program In Dietetics And Nutrition, Bad Gleichenberg,
2
3
AUSTRIA, 1, 1
Body
Introduction
Little is known about joint-protecting ingredients in sports drinks. Our aim was to
develop a sports drink respecting the recommendations on carbohydrate for maximal
oxidation and performance, furthermore osmolality, ph-value, sodium and
joint-protecting and pain-relieving ingredients like chondroidin and glucosamine (1)
and a good taste.
Methods
All the ingredients (maltodextrin, glucose, fructose, natriumhydrogencarbonat, citric
acid, chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine, water) were prepared and measured with a
scale (Kern & Sohn; type 510-33), mixed and controlled with the freezing point
osmometer (OSMOMAT 030- D). To quantify the ph- value oekopharm stripes were
used. We mixed 9 different types of drinks in order to have different flavors and
different values of osmolarity to compare. 24 experienced runners trained with the
drink and gave detailed feedback on the combinations.
Results
There were only very few combinations fulfilling all of our criteria. The one with the
best flavor and a stable profile contains 42 g maltodextrin 6, 12 g glucose, 6 g fructose
(gluc:fruc ration 2:1) (2), 2 g natriumhydrogencarbonat, 1 g citric acid (to stabalise ph
and help taste), 500 mg chondroitin sulfate, 600 mg Glucosamine-HCl and 750 ml of
water. We did archive an osmolaltiy of 244 mosm/kg and a ph of 7.2. All the other
mixtures where excluded due to taste, ph or osmolality.
Discussion
A properly formulated sports drink has a valuable role to play in the diet of all athletes.
The combination of carbohydrates and chrondroitin sulfate/glucosamine is a way to
have both, energy and the joint supporting and pain relieving impact at the same time,
as this is often an issue in runners. We succeeded only one combination with a stable
formula and a good taste.
(1) J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 2008
(2) Currel & Jeukendrup, Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2008
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
COMBINATION WITH INTAKE OF HEME-IRON SUPPLEMENT AND NUTRITIONAL
COUNSELLING ENHANCES IMPROVEMENT OF SPORTS ANEMIA ON FEMALE ATHLETE
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
M. Matsumoto , J. Suzuki , M. Katsumata , T. Hasegawa , T. Noguchi
Affiliations
1
2
3
Nihon University, Tokyo, JAPAN, Nihon University, Tokyo, JAPAN, Ils Inc., Tokyo,
4
5
JAPAN, Ils Inc., Tokyo, JAPAN, Nihon University, Tokyo, JAPAN
Body
Athletes frequently undergo anemia due to rigorous training, reducing food intake for
weight control and destruction of erythrocyte by repeated sole impulse. In addition,
menses make it difficult for females to improve anemia. In this study, to investigate
effect of combination with supplementation and nutritional counseling, intervention
trial for female athletes appealing anemia symptoms was performed. Capsules
containing heme-iron were used as supplement (14 mg/day of Fe). Nutritional
counseling was based on iron status (blood hemoglobin (Hb), serum ferritin (Fer),
soluble transferrin), nutrient status and energy expenditure (records of food intake,
activity logs and training load). Thirty female subjects (20.2±1.3 years old, Hb: 12.4±0.7
mg/dL, Fer: 17.8±13.7 ng/mL) from the fencing, the running long jump, the handball
and the volleyball players took test capsules every day for 2 months without
nutritional counseling. Subjects whom initial values of Hb and Fer were respectively
above 11.5 mg/dL and 10 ng/mL (n=20) improved their iron status, but not remained
subjects (n=10). Next, these 10 subjects who trained excessively and showed low Hb
and Fer level took test capsules for further 2 months with nutritional counseling.
Supplementation of heme-iron with increasing of food-derived mineral and protein
intake by nutritional counseling significantly increased blood Hb and Fer levels.
Furthermore this combination decreased body fat, increased muscle mass without
constipation. In conclusion, the supplementation of heme-iron is available for sports
anemia of female athletes. Combination with long-term supplementation of heme-iron
and nutritional counseling could enhance effect of improving sport anemia of the
highly-trained athletes.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
PLASMA METABOLIC PROFILING IN RATS AFTER EXHAUSTIVE PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND
SEVERE INFECTION
Authors
1
1
1
2
M. Sossdorf , S. Meyer , J. Fischer , G.P. Otto
Affiliations
1
Center For Sepsis Control And Care, Department Of Anesthesiology And Intensive
2
Care, Jena University Hospital, Jena, GERMANY, Department For Internal Medicine Iii,
Jena University Hospital, Jena, GERMANY
Body
Objective
Prolonged or exhaustive physical exercise is able to provoke widespread systemic
changes in the host which are comparable to pathogenic-induced systemic
disturbances during infection. While mechanisms of the inflammatory response have
been extensively investigated, little is known about the comparability of metabolic
changes under both conditions. In the present study we measured plasma metabolites
from several compound classes to detect similarities and differences between
exhaustive physical exercise-induced and sepsis-associated metabolic changes.
Design and Methods
Rats performed a single bout of exhaustive physical exercise on a motorized treadmill.
After one week of recovery, polymicrobial sepsis was induced by intraperitoneal
application of a microbiological characterized human faeces suspension. Plasma
samples were analyzed before, immediately post exercise, 1 hour post exercise as well
as after sepsis induction by mass spectrometry. A panel of 186 metabolites from
different compound classes was measured including acylcarnitines, amino acids,
biogenic amines, glycerophospholipids, sphingolipids and hexose.
Results
We found time point-specific clusters of either down- or up-regulated metabolites
discriminating between exercise, recovery and sepsis. Most important difference
between exercise-induced and sepsis-associated metabolic changes in the host was
the large increase of plasma phospholipids in septic animals as a consequence of a
higher inflammatory response caused by cell activation, apoptosis and necrosis.
Conclusions
Similar and different clusters of metabolic changes exist following a single bout of
physical exhaustive exercise in comparison to polymicrobial septic state. Exhaustive
exercise might serve as a suitable model to investigate mechanisms of metabolic
disturbances and restoration of the equilibrium during severe infection.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERCENTAGE OF DEHYDRATION AND BASKETBALL
PERFORMANCE
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
M. Vukasinovic-vesic , N. Dikic , M. Andjelkovic , N. Radivojevic , D. Curcic , T. Antic
1
2
2
2
, R. Turner , R. Stokes , H. Gunter
Affiliations
1
2
Sports Medicine Association Of Serbia, Belgrade, SERBIA, Fiba Europe, Munich,
GERMANY
Body
Introduction
Some studies results suggest that inadequate hydration in basketball is correlated with
overall basketball performance, jumps, shooting and number of shots that were
attempted and made. The aim of our study was to analyze the influence of
dehydration on basketball performance.
Method
Ninety-six basketball players of eight national teams have assessed during official FIBA
Europe U20 Championship Men 2011 - Division B held in Sarajevo in July 2011. In order
to detect a correlation between hydration and basketball performance we measured
body mass of all players before and after one game. This correlation was evaluated by
percentage of dehydration.
Results
Players age was 19±0,79 years. After the game body mass loss was 0,9±0,7 kg,
percentage of dehydration 0,99±0,7% (-1,25-2,95%). We found statistically significant
correlation between percentage of dehydration and: most valuable player index (MVP)
(p< 0,01), points scored (p< 0,01), total rebounds (p< 0,01), shooting percentage for
3 points (p< 0,05), shooting percentage for 1 points (p< 0,05), assists (p< 0,05)
Discussion
We have found that dehydration considerably impaired basketball performance.
Dehydration significantly impaired most valuable player index, points scored, total
rebounds, shooting percentage for 3 points, shooting percentage for 1 point, assists,
except steals balls, turnovers and shooting percentage for 2 points.
The result of this study showed that dehydration is not only a physiological state, but
also a very important factor for the total performance, which requires sports personnel
to be educated in order to be able to help contribute to a better overall sports
performance.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
SWEAT RATE AND FLUID TURNOVER OF BASKETBALL PLAYERS DURING FIBA EUROPE
U20 EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIP MEN 2011- DIVISION B
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
M. Vukasinovic-vesic , N. Dikic , M. Andjelkovic , N. Radivojevic , D. Curcic , T. Antic
1
2
2
2
, R. Turner , R. Stokes , H. Gunter
Affiliations
1
2
Sports Medicine Association Of Serbia, Belgrade, SERBIA, Fiba Europe, Munich,
GERMANY
Body
Introduction
Sweat rates depend principally on factors such as the environmental conditions, choice
of clothing or exercise intensity and they also vary greatly between individuals.
Exercise can elicit high sweat rates and substantial water and electrolyte losses during
sustained exercise, particularly in warm-hot weather.
Method
Ninety-six basketball players of eight national teams were assessed during the official
FIBA Europe U20 Championship Men 2011 - Division B held in Sarajevo in July 2011. In
order to determine sweat rate and fluid intake we measured body mass of all players
before and after one game, the quantity of consumed fluid and urine output during
the game, as well as temperature and humidity in the sports hall.
Results
Players age was 19±0,79 years. After the game body mass loss was 0,9±0,7 kg,
percentage of dehydration 0,99±0,7%, total fluid intake 1868±816 ml (range 435 –
3987) and sweat rate 2,7±0,9 L/h (range 5,54 - 1.16). Urine output during the game
was 55±61 ml. Ambient temperature was 30±2°C and humidity 55±4% on average. We
found statistically significant correlation between sweat rate and: Usg (p<0,05),
Uosmol (p<0,01), body mass loss (p <0,01), FI (p <0,01), BSA (p<0,01) and percentage
of dehydration (p<0,01).
Discussion
Most athletes did not intake enough fluids to match sweat losses during the game and
they were significantly dehydrated. Recommendations for fluid and electrolyte
replacement must be carefully considered and monitored in basketball players to
promote safe hydration. Players should receive encouragement and educational
information about suitable hydration strategies.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: NUTRITION, METABOLISM AND SPORTS
Title
URINE SPECIFIC GRAVITY IN LONG DISTANCE RACES AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH THE
SENSATION OF THIRST
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
F. Ramognino , C. Valenti , A. Marincola , A. Mohni , M. Gonzalez , F. Cillo , G.
1
1
1
1
Fantuzzi , K. Galvan , M. Romano , C. Yche
Affiliations
1
Hospital General De Agudos J. A. Penna - Consultorio De Actividad Fisica, Deporte Y
Salud, Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA
Body
Objective: assess urine specific gravity (USG) post-race in long distance running and its
relationship with the sensation of thirst during the competition.
Design and methods: were evaluated 130 runners between 22 and 60 years old (mean
40,24; SD 8,46), 95 male, through an urine test strips, at three different distances:
21km, 42km and 100km. Defines a USG less than or equal to 1015 as a parameter of
appropiate hydration. 78 of the 130 riders tested, 54 male , answered a questionnaire
about the sensation of thirst during the race. Chi Square test was used.
Results: 71,5% presented USG post- race greater than or equal to 1020. In 21km, this
incidence was 43%. In 42km, this incidence rose 72%, meaning an increase of 66,9%
compared to 21km (p<0,025; OR 3,39; CI 1,2–0,53). In 100km, that incidence rose to
98%, meaning an increase of 36,3% compared to 42km (p<0,001; OR 20,6; CI
2,37–179,15) and an increase of 127,5% compared to 21km (p<0,001; OR 69,86; CI
8,95–545,14). 74,2% in USG<=1015 group reported a mild sensation of thirst; in
USG>=1020 group that incidence fell to 66% (p>0,05).
Conclusions: a inadequate state of hydration occurs in 71,5% of runners in long
distance races, demonstrating an increase statistically significant in its incidence when
larger distances are evaluated. The sensation of thirst during the race was not
significantly associated with the USG post-race.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
SNELLEN CHART- DETERMINING CLEARANCE DURING THE PREPARTICIPATION
EVALUATION
Authors
1
1
1
J. Carneiro , E. Brandão , B. Ribeiro
Affiliations
1
2
Centro Hospitalar De Vila Nova De Gaia/espinho, Vila Nova De Gaia, PORTUGAL,
3
Centro Hospitalar De São João, Porto, PORTUGAL, Centro Hospitalar De Vila Nova De
Gaia/espinho, Vila Nova De Gaia, PORTUGAL
Body
The purpose of preparticipation physical evaluation is to detect conditions that put the
athlete at risk for injury or illness and includes a comprehensive medical history,
appropriate physical examination, chest x-ray and electrocardiogram.
Fifteen years old female futsal athlete arrives in the office for her annually medical
evaluation. Its has no known medical conditions, past surgeries or history of fractures
or head traumas; irrelevant family history. The physical examination was normal for
vital signs , respiratory, cardiovascular, abdominal and musculoskeletal systems. She
presented a diminuished visual acuity test in the Snellen chart: right eye- 2/10, left
eye- 1/10; the neurological examination was normal including other cranial nerves and
reflexes.
The athelete was refered to eye care specialist and after a battery of examinations it
was diagnosed a hereditary retinal dystrophy. Her best corrected acuity is 3/10 for RE
and 2/10 for LE. Her coach considers she is technically the best player of the national
futsal female team.
A visual acuity test using a Snellen chart should be performed routinely for athletes
who are undergoing a sports physical. Determining clearance is an important and
sometimes difficult decision. Current sports participation guidelines recommend that
an athlete with a best corrected acuity of less than 20/40 in one eye should be
considered functionally one-eyed and wear eye protection during sports that carry a
high risk of ocular injuries. Currently science offers no cures or therapies for inherited
retinal dystrophies. Adolescents with retinal dystrophies can benefit from a definitive
diagnosis and attentive follow-up.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
HYPERINSULINISM-HYPERAMMONEMIA SYNDROME (HHS) AND SPORTS ELIGIBILITY: A
CASE REPORT
Authors
1
1
2
G. Ciccarone , M. Ismael , G. Martelli
Affiliations
1
2
Sports Medicine Service, Ospedale Santa Maria Del Prato, Feltre, ITALY, Sports
3
Medicine Service, Ospedale Santa Maria Del Prato, Feltre, ITALY, Department Of
Physiology, University Of Siena, Siena, ITALY
Body
The hyperinsulinism–hyperammonemia syndrome (HHS) is a recently identified genetic
disorder characterized by hyperinsulemic hypoglycemia with concomitant
hyperammonemia, caused by mutations in the GLUD1 gene. Symptoms and signs
include shakiness, weakness, seizure, rapid pulse and confusion: the maintain of
normoglycemia is essential to prevent neurologic damage.
Case Report The 12-year-old male examined was at his first medical evaluation for
sports eligibility (horse-riding). His family history was negative for cardiovascular and
metabolic disease; the young athlete had a medical report of a Pediatric Department,
University of Padua, with previous diagnosis of HHS. Physical examination was negative
for cardio-respiratory, neurologic and orthopaedic abnormalities, as were clinical
instrumental examinations, spirometry,
including the maximal exercise test
(Godfrey-adapted protocol, increments of 25 watt/minute interrupted at 150 watt
for muscular fatigue). Echocardiography and haemato-chemical values were all
within the normal range; only magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a slight
herniation of cerebellar tonsils through foramen magnum. The athlete was judged
eligible for competitive sport only for 6 months with re-evaluation clinical instrumental
; hypoglycemia in our athlete was well controlled with diazoxide and dietary
leucine-restricted treatment.
Conclusions The Italian Federation of Sports Medicine guidelines1, played a decisive
role in the final evaluation of the athlete utilizing the scheme proposed for diabetic
athletes : the 6 months re-evaluation for HHS patients should also contain the
measures of all main hemato-chemical parameters and the continous 24-hours
monitoring of glycemia.
References
1. Guidelines for the eligibility to sport activities and the monitoring of athletes with
endocrine disease.
Medicina dello Sport. 2007: 60(3):337-353.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
ADULT ONSET STILL’S DISEASE (AOSD) AND SPORTS ELIGIBILITY: A CASE REPORT
Authors
1
2
1
3
1
G. Ciccarone , G. Martelli , M. Ismael , V. Lamberti , A. Gioffredi
Affiliations
1
2
Sports Medicine Service, Ospedale Santa Maria Del Prato, Feltre, ITALY, Department
3
Of Physiology, University Of Siena, Siena, ITALY, Istituto Di Medicina Dello Sport,
Vittorio Veneto, ITALY
Body
AOSD is a rare systemic inflammatory disease, affecting young adults and
characterized by spiking fever with evanescent rashes and multiorgan involvements.
Nowadays the most utilized criteria are those defined by Yamaguchi and by Fautrel
for their sensitivity and their specificity.
Case report A 17-year old male athlete has been visited for competitive sports
eligibility with medical reports of previous hospitalizations with diagnosis of AOSD and
intercurrent mononucleosic syndrome from CMV infection. Patient symptoms: fever,
myalgia, arthralgia, hepato-spleno-megalia and hyperferritinemia. The athlete has
been widely studied by bio-humoral ( virus serology, HLA test, pharyngeal tampon) and
instrumental tests (echocardiogram, thoracic and abdominal CT, brain and cervical
MRI, bone marrow biopsy). The athlete has been treated with methotrexate and
corticosteroids, but had another rise of fever, pharyngitis, transitory leucopenia with
lymphocytosis: since doctors suspected a new CMV infection, the patient has been
treated with Acyclovir for 15 days. With the clinical improvement and the
normalization of all inflammation indexes, steroids and immuno-suppressors have
been gradually reduced until the normalization of all clinical and instrumental
parameters.
Conclusions An athlete with AOSD is difficult to evaluate: the correct diagnosis could
be performed by clinical and instrumental investigations in the acute phase, and we
must maintain the correct medical treatment for a long period until complete
remission. In our case the absence of cardiovascular complications in the acute phase
and the negativity of biological and instrumental investigations had a decisive role to
reach the competitive sports eligibility after about 6 months from the first medical
evaluation.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
SCREENING ATHLETES FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN AFRICA: A FEASIBLE BUT
CHALLENGING EXPERIENCE
Authors
1
F. Di Paolo , C. Schmied, J. Dvorak, F. Quattrini, Y. Zerguini, A. Pelliccia
Affiliations
1
2
Institute Of Sport Medicine And Science. Coni., Rome, ITALY, Cardiovascular
3
Center/sports Cardiology, University Hospital, Zurich, SWITZERLAND, Fédération
Internationale De Football Association (fifa), And Schulthess Clinic, Zurich,
4
5
SWITZERLAND, Institute Of Sport Medicine And Science. Coni., Rome, ITALY,
6
Clinique Chahrazed. Fifa Medical Center Of Excellence, Cheraga, Alger, ALGERIA,
Institute Of Sport Medicine And Science. Coni., Rome, ITALY
Body
Aims. Pre-participation cardiovascular (CV) screening has been advocated as efficient
strategy to reduce sudden cardiac death in Caucasian athletes. At present, uncertainty
remains if such strategy is practicable and efficient in African athletes. To this scope,
we performed a CV screening in an African country.
Methods. Two-hundred-ten male Gabonian football-players were examined with
history, physical exam, ECG and echocardiography.
Results. History revealed only unspecific symptoms (19 players, 9%). Familial sudden
death was referred by 36 (17%). No anomalies were detected at physical examination.
The ECG showed large proportion of training-related abnormalities, i.e., ST-segment
elevation in precordial leads in 150 (71.4%), and isolated increase in R/S-wave voltage
in 116 (55.2%). A substantial subset (13.8%) showed training-unrelated abnormalities,
i.e., inverted T-waves in 10 (4.8%), left atrial enlargement in 8 (4%), deep Q-waves in 3
(1.4%). On echocardiography, 1 athlete had probable HCM; none had definite
evidence for ARVC or DCM. Other abnormalities included mitral valve prolapse in 3,
atrial septal defect in 2, and pulmonary hypertension in one.
Conclusion. Our experience demonstrates that pre-participation CV screening is
feasible even in the most difficult scenario, such as a developing African country, but
challenging for conclusive identification of cardiac diseases. About 14% of athletes
showed ECG changes potentially expression of cardiac diseases, requiring periodical
follow-up. Structural cardiac abnormalities were found in a minority (5%), and were
largely unrelated to ECG abnormalities. Therefore, novel criteria for appropriate ECG
interpretation according to the ethnicity are needed to implement CV screening to
African athletes.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
COMMUNITY CARDIOVASCULAR SCREENING TO IDENTIFY MIDDLE SCHOOL CHILDREN
AT RISK OF SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH: HOUSTON EARLY AGE RISK TESTING
&SCREENING STUDY
Authors
1
2
1
1
1
1
J. Higgins , G. Biliciler-denktas , S. Laing , J. Samuels , A. Rajmane , A. Ali , D.
1
Mcpherson
Affiliations
1
The University Of Texas Health Science Center At Houston, Deparment Of Medicine,
2
Houston, USA, The University Of Texas Health Science Center At Houston, Deparment
Of Pediatrics, Houston, USA
Body
Aim: We tested the feasibility and efficacy of an onsite four-point 15-minute screening
of school children to improve detection of cardiac abnormalities, especially those
associated with sudden cardiac arrest. Materials and Methods: 254 sixth-grade
students were screened at their schools by onsite focused history, cardiovascular
physical, 12-lead electrocardiogram, and limited echocardiogram. Results: The
screened subjects were primarily African American and Hispanic; 54.7% were girls. We
identified 103 (40.6%) subjects with abnormalities on history and physical exam, 50
(19.7%) with hypertension, 80 (31.5%) with electrocardiographic abnormalities, and 32
(13.0%) with echocardiographic abnormalities. The ability to detect abnormalities
increased 36.0% with addition of electrocardiograms and 40.0% with addition of
echocardiograms. Our system also identified as false-positive by history, physical, and
electrocardiogram the results in many cases, thus minimizing further workup. Based on
these findings, 25 subjects (9.8%) were advised not to participate in rigorous exercise
pending further evaluation. In most cases, further workup clarified that the conditions
were not life threatening. However, several cases of conditions associated with sudden
cardiac arrest were confirmed and underwent urgent treatment. Conclusions: Our
onsite four-point screening system is feasible and effective in detecting undiagnosed
cardiac abnormalities and identifying false-positive results. Both athletic and
non-athletic children had undiagnosed cardiac abnormalities, suggesting the utility of
screening all schoolchildren. Given that sudden cardiac arrest in school children is
often associated with an underlying occult cardiac abnormality and can be triggered by
athletic activity, further research is needed to identify what is the best way to screen
for such abnormalities.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
BASKETBALL INJURIES AMONG CHILDREN. A PROSPECTIVE STUDY WITH 7 YEARS
FOLLOW-UP. SPAGAKOS G.1, KONTOPOULOU E.2 - 1ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEON,
2PHYSIATRIST
Authors
1
2
G. Spagakos , E. Kontopoulou
Affiliations
1
2
Spagakos Georgios Orthopaedic Surgeon, Athens, GREECE, Kontopoulou Eirini
Physiatrist, Athens, GREECE
Body
Objective: The purpose of this study two-fold: first to evaluate the incidence and
mechanisms of injury in basketball and second, to recommend prophylactic measures.
Several studies have evaluated sports injury frequency as compared with total
emergency department visits.
Materials and Methods We undertook a prospective study to determine the type and
distribution of basketball injuries. During the 7-year period 1998-2004, 7134 injuries
were collected by the Emergency Department Injury Surveillance System from Aglaia
Kyriakou Children's Hospital. The data were collected and recorded on a pre-coded
questionnaire. Cross-tabulations and multiple logistic regression were performed to
analyze the data.
Results By the elements of study it is accounted that 1 in 100 children aged 5 to 14
years old in Greece, visits each year the Emergency Department of a hospital after an
injury in basketball. The 44% of injuries happened during school activity, 22% in a game
or training of team and 34% during leisure. The majority of injuries are reported was
result of being struck by the ball 44%. Although the most frequent injury were strains
46% the percentages of fractures and sprains were particularly high. The commonest
injuries among players 42% concerned fingers of hand. Injuries in ankle and knee were
increased in organised basketball 21% and 6% respectively. Injuries during the game or
training were very serious by 50% needed extra medical care. The percentage of
hospitalisations was 2%.
Conclusions The following safety precautions as warming up, good technique and use
of protective equipment can help prevent basketball injuries.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTIC ATHLETES. COMPARISON WITH
CONTROLS. SPAGAKOS G., KONTOPOULOU E. - ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEON, PHYSIATRIST
Authors
1
2
G. Spagakos , E. Kontopoulou
Affiliations
1
2
Spagakos Georgios Orthopaedic Surgeon, Athens, GREECE, Kontopoulou Eirini
Physiatrist, Athens, GREECE
Body
Purpose: The purpose of the present study is to test the hypothesis that long-term
elite rhythmic gymnastics in premenarceal females exerts positive effects on BMD and
to examine whether exercise–included bone adaptation is associated with increased
periosteal bone formation or medullary contraction.
Materials and methods: Participants were recruited from eight gymnastics centers and
schools of Attika. Inclusion criterion was premenarcheal females aged 9–13 years. Elite
rhythmic gymnasts were included if they had been training for at least 2 years. The
parents of 53 gymnasts were approached, and 30 consented to participate. Controls
were female premenarcheal school children, having only physical education-related
activity, and matched with the athletes by age and height. Controls participating in
other athletic activities, assessed by questionnaire, were excluded from the study. All
participants were clinically healthy and were not receiving medication known to affect
bone metabolism.
Results: The two groups were comparable according to chronological age, height,
height SD score (height SDS), calcium, vitamin daily intake, and recreational daily
physical activity. There was a no significant trend for lower bone age in rhythmic
gymnastic. Athletes had significantly lower weight, BMI, BMISDS and skinfold sum
(P0.001). Thus, differences in bone density and geometry parameters were adjusted
for weight.
Conclusions: Rhythmic gymnastic in premenarcheal girls may induce positive
adaptations on the skeleton, especially in cortical bone. Increased duration of exercise
is associated with a positive response of bone geometry.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
ABOUT THE CASE OF A CHIARI 1 MALFORMATION DISCOVERED AFTER SEVERAL
SYNCOPE ON A SPORT GROUND
Authors
1
2
3
J. Laffond , M. Bouvard , C. Hugo
Affiliations
1
2
Bordeaux Segalen University, Bordeaux, FRANCE, Biology And Sport Medecine
3
Center, Pau, FRANCE, Medical Imaging Pau Hospital, Pau, FRANCE
Body
In February 2011, a 22 year-old man came to see us to recover his ability to practice
rugby as an amateur 3rd line. During the interrogation our patient reported atypical
neurological events: one history of cardio circulatory arrest during a position change in
the surgical unit, positional dizziness, an unusual fainting fit during a rugby practice in
which the patient experienced a scapular contact.
A brain MRI discovered a Chiari 1 malformation. A disappearance of the peri- bulbar
liquid spaces related to the filling of the posterior part of the occipital hole by the
cerebellar tonsils was noticed in the foramen magnum shot. The cerebellar tonsils are
abnormally in low position. He was directed to a neurosurgical team specialized in this
pathology.
This malformation, discovered in 1891 by Hans Chiari, is due to an insufficient
development of the posterior fossa, inducing a protrusion of the cerebellar tonsils and
of the brain stem through the occipital hole in the cervical canal. It favours the
formation of syringomyelic cavities, including very distal ones.
The examination led for participation in sports activities must try to look into the
significant signs of this malformation. When this malformation is suspected, we must
stop the practice of sports and make the reference imaging: brain and medullar MRI.
The discovery of a Chiari 1 malformation on a pauci – or asymptomatic subject requires
a neurosurgical advice. This malformation constitutes an absolute and permanent
contraindication to a contact sports practice, or to sports which might cause falls or
collisions.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
MORPHOLOGICAL CARDIAC MODIFICATIONS IN ADOLESCENT SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
G. Milicia , G. Galanti , L. Stefani
Affiliations
1
Agenzia Di Medicina Dello Sport, Università Degli Studi Di Firenze, Firenze, ITALY
Body
Background: Almost all the study on athlete's heart have been carried out on adult
players and few data about cardiac adaptations to exercise in adolescent is available.
The study aims to describe the modification of cardiac morphology in adolescent
athletes compared to controls. Methods: from the age of 12 to 17 years old, 40 highly
trained male soccer players and 47 less trained controls, have been yearly studied by
a 2D echocardiography evaluating the left ventricle systolic and diastolic dimensions,
inter ventricular septum, posterior wall thickness and cardiac mass index. This last
parameter was compared to body surface area value for both groups, to evaluate a
possible relationship. Results: A significant increase of all the echocardiographic
parameters in highly trained soccer players was found if compared to less trained
controls (p<0,05) especially for cardiac mass index. No correlations between cardiac
mass index and body surface area has been discovered. Conclusion: Our data are
suggestive for an early cardiac remodeling especially in highly trained athletes.
Intensive traing does not seem to have any influence on body surface area growth
while it is a decisive factor for cardiac mass growth.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
APPLICATION OF FIFA 11+ PROTOCOL IN YOUNG ITALIAN PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALLERS
Authors
1,2
1,2,4
1,2
2,3
3
F. Piras , P. Cugia
, M. Scorcu , R. Mura , L. Angius
Affiliations
1
2
3
F.m.s.i., Sardinia, Cagliari, ITALY, Cagliari Calcio S.p.a., Cagliari, ITALY, Laboratory Of
4
Sport Physiology, University Of Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Kinesis Rehabilitation Center,
Cagliari, ITALY
Body
Introduction and aims: Soccer requires the ability to perform a high intensity
intermittent exercise. Especially for young players, staffs have to guarantee an optimal
maturation of biological and technical aspects1,2. Our aim is to verify the application
of FIFA 11+ protocol in a young professional football academy.
Methods: a sample of 760 young-players aged between 10-20 years, was monitored
during four Italian championship seasons (from 2007/08 to 2010/11). Each injury was
examined by the medical staff and subsequently classified according to: type of
pathology and role of player. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to
check differences between each seasons. Significance was set at p<0,05.
Results: the number of injuries throughout the four seasons were 289 (81, 80, 75 and
53). Absolute values are expressed in mean±SD. Tendinopathies were the most
frequent pathology (24.50±12.12), followed by muscular injuries (17.50±6.56), sprains
(14.75±7.09) and contusions (9.00±2.58). The case report shows a greater incidence in
defenders compared to midfielders, strikers and goalkeepers (33.75±6.95, 18.25±4,57,
13.50±2.08 and 6.75±2.36).
Conclusions: our analysis indicates that tendon and muscular injuries on lower limbs
are the most common cause of injuries, as previously reported by literature3.
Defenders and midfielders were the most affected roles because of the higher density
of players in those areas of the pitch. The reduction in the number of injuries in the
last season is probably related to the introduction of prevention program 11+
proposed by the FIFA F-Marc.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
EFFECT OF INTENSIVE TRAINING ON THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM OF PROFESSIONAL
WATER POLO AND SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
1
2
1,2
J. Plavsic , N. Antic , S. Djordjevic-saranovic , M. Antic , R. Conic , S. Mazic
Affiliations
1
2
National Institute Of Sport, Department Of Sports Medicine, Belgrade, SERBIA,
Belgrade University School Of Medicine, Belgrade, SERBIA
Body
Intensive long-term training induces structural and functional changes of the heart,
with left ventricle (LV) hypertrophy being the most common. Different type of training
(endurance vs. combination of endurance and power) leads to difference changes in
the body.
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare anthropometric and echocardiographic
parameters between two selected group of professional water polo (endurance/power
training) and soccer (endurance) players.
Methods: Water polo (n1=15, aged 22.28±3.65 yrs) and soccer players (n2=17, aged
23.31±2.37 yrs) that trained >20hrs per week were studied. Subjects underwent
physical exam, body fat assessment, echocardiography and maximal ergospirometry
treadmill test. Student’s T-test was used.
Results: Water polo (W) and soccer (S) players differed in body height(W
194.13±4.50cm vs. S 182.12±5.26cm),body weight(W 99.77±11.15kg vs. S
79.85±5.05kg),BMI(W 26.47±2.61kg/m2 vs. S 24.09±1.06kg/m2),body fat %(W
16.75±2.77% vs. S 11.14±2.68%), VO2max /kg(W 46.04±2.70ml/min/kg vs. S
58.21±7.41ml/min/kg), and aortic root diameter(W 36.07±2.54mm vs. S
31.18±2.31mm)(p<0.01 for all).
They also differed in LV end-diastolic diameter(W 56.92±2.55mm vs. S 54.23±3.80mm),
ejection fraction(W 68.04±5.18% vs. S 61.41±9.44%), and early LV inflow velocity(W
0.83±0.12m/s vs. S 0.74±0.08m/s)(p<0.05 for all), with trend toward difference in left
atrium diameter(W 37.53±2.58mm vs. S 34.97±4.56 mm), and late LV inflow
velocity(W 0.53±0.15m/s vs. S 0.45±0.06m/s).
After indexing for BSA, water polo players had smaller aorta root diameter(W
15.61±1.27mm/m2 vs. S 17.94±1.61mm/m2), LV end-diastolic diameter(W
24.66±1.82mm/m2 vs. S 27.02±1.93mm/m2), and left atrium diameter(W
16.26±1.52mm/m2 vs. S 18.88±1.77mm/m2)(p<0.01 for all).
Conclusion: Water polo players have lower peak oxygen consumption than soccer
players. Both sports induce changes in heart structure with increase of left ventricular
volumes to the upper limits of normal.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
PERSISTENT LEFT SUPERIOR VENA CAVA IN A YOUNG PROFESSIONAL ATHLETE
Authors
1
1
G. Ricci , P. Ripari
Affiliations
1
University Centre Of Sports Medicine, G. D Annunzio University, Chieti, ITALY
Body
Background: Persistent left superior vena cava is the most common thoracic venous
anomaly, but its diagnosis remains almost casual because of its frequent asymptomatic
presentation leading to an increased risk of cardiovascular accidents,
especially in sport practitioners. In this case report we describe a persistent left
superior vena cava and its clinical significance in sports medicine assessment.
Methods: A 20-year-old male professional footballer underwent a clinical evaluation
for sports eligibility through physical examination, body composition analysis,
spirometry and resting electrocardiogram. Then he was subjected to an
echocardiography, a cardiac magnetic resonance and finally to an exercise stress test.
Results: While other physical assessment showed no significant abnormalities for a
high-level athlete, trans-thoracic echocardiography revealed a dilated left coronary
sinus of not univocal interpretation. The subsequent cardiac magnetic resonance
imaging highlighted a double superior caval system, with the persistent left superior
vena cava draining into the coronary sinus. The absence of other concomitant defects
allowed us first to safely perform a maximal exercise stress test granting sports
eligibility.
Conclusion: The survey of echocardiographic dilatation of the coronary sinus in an
asymptomatic subject should always raise the suspicion of a persistent left superior
vena cava, which, in the absence of significant hemodynamic alterations, does not
contraindicate the practice of high cardiovascular impact sports. Since in 40% of cases
the persistent left superior vena cava can be associated with other important
congenital defects, the sports physician should thoroughly investigate in order to
prevent serious additional risks for the health.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOWER-LIMB STRENGTH ASYMMETRY AND
PERFORMANCE IN SPRINT/AGILITY TESTS. A PRELIMINARY STUDY IN NON-SPORTING
STUDENTS.
Authors
1
1
1
1
I. Sannicandro , G. Cofano , A. Violante , R.A. Rosa
Affiliations
1
Msc In Preventive And Adapted Physical Activity, Faculty Of Medicine And Surgery,
University Of Foggia, Foggia, ITALY
Body
Aims. To determine the percentage asymmetry in lower-limb strength and correlate it
with performance in a sprint/agility test with a change of direction in the dominant leg
test and a change of direction in the alternate leg test.
Materials and Methods. A sample of N=200 non-sporting students (M=108;F=92; mean
age 12.01±1.1) were assessed for asymmetry in muscle strength using the formula
suggest
by
Yamamoto(1),
the
One-Leg-Hop-Test(2)
and
the
One-Leg-Lateral-Hop-Test(3); the change-of-direction time was assessed for both a
change of direction in the dominant leg test and alternate leg test(4). Pearson
correlations (divided by gender) were used to assess relationships between the degree
of asymmetry and sprint/agility performance.
Results. The percentage of females presenting asymmetries >15% was greater than in
males for both the One-Leg-Hop-Test and One-Leg-Lateral-Hop-Test (M:
26.00%;46.30%;F:40.21%; 51.09%). In the female group significantly correlated with
performance in the change of direction in the dominant leg test (r=0.20, N=92;p<0.05).
Conclusions. The weak correlation between lower-limb strength and performance in
the change of direction in the dominant leg test in female students (a stronger
correlation is seen sporting subjects of both sexes (4) can be explained by the fact that
a change in running direction requires the execution of a lateral jump (5), which
depends upon lower-limb strength, which in turn correlates with gender.
Compensation strategies need to be implemented to tackle strength asymmetries in
female subjects.
References
1 Yamamoto,(1993),J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness,33:194–199
2 Noyes et al.,(1991),Am J Sports Med,19:513–518
3 Vandermeulen et al.,(2000) Physiotherapy Canada,52(1):50-55
4 Meylan et al.,(2009),JSCR, 23(4):1140-1147
5 Sassi, Morosi, (2011),Scienza & Sport,9:56-63
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
MYOCARDIAL BRIDGE AN OLD STORY, A NOVEL DIAGNOSTIC CHALLENGE FOR SPORT
MEDICINE
Authors
1
1,2
1
1
1
3
F. Sperandii , E. Guerra , A. Martino , C. Lanzillo , M. Di Roma , E. Cavaretta , E. De
1
1
2
3
3
1
1
Ruvo , L. Sciarra , F. Quaranta , E. Assisi , A. Nigro , F. Guarracini , V. Castelli , C.
3
2,3
1,2
Albanese , F. Pigozzi , L. Calo'
Affiliations
1
2
Policlinico Casilino Dept Of Cardiology, Roma, ITALY, Università Degli Studi Di Roma
3
Foro Italico, Roma, ITALY, Villa Stuart Sport Clinic, Roma, ITALY
Body
Background
Myocardial bridge is a congenital coronary abnormality present when an epicardial
vessel runs deep inside the myocardium wall. Estimated frequency has been reported
0,8 to 4.9 % by coronary angiography, in autopsy series as high as 80%. The main
concern about myocardial bridge is its reported association with sudden death, but it is
known that it can also be an abnormality never giving a sign or symptom all over life.
Aim of the study
We wanted to investigate if myocardial bridge was present in a group of athletes
showing electrocardiographic stress test abnormalities.
Methods
We investigated through Coronary TC cardiac scan 16 athletes presenting
ascending/orizzontal ST segment depression during stress test, doubtful for ischemia.
All subjects were asymptomatic, had structurally normal hearts, absence of
arrhythmias, excellent stress tolerance.
Results We found 7 athletes presenting myocardial bridges on Left anterior descending
coronary, one showing critical stenosis in one vessel which was confirmed at
conventional angiography, eight unremarkable examinations.
Conclusion
TC scan of the Coronary vessels has revealed in our population a surprising high
prevalence of isolated asymptomatic Myocardial bridges. In our experience this
coronary abnormality should be kept more in consideration as a possible cause of
doubtful ST abnormalities, even if asymptomatic and in presence of excellent workload
capacities.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING, SPORT ELIGIBILITY AND PREVENTION
Title
ST-T SEGMENT ANOMALIES ON RESTING ECG IN YOUNG ATHLETES
Authors
1
2
2
1
1
G. Speranza , C. De Gregorio , D. Zagari , E. Magaudda , D. Di Mauro , M. Bonaiuto
1
1
, L. Magaudda
Affiliations
1
Department Of Biomorphology And Biotechnology. Postgraduate School Of Sports
2
Clinical And Experimental
Medicine. University Of Messina, Messina, ITALY,
Department Of Medicine And Pharmacology, University Of Messina, Messina, ITALY
Body
AIM. Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is the most common adaptation to intense
training, and ECG can detect such early signs. Some difficulty is experienced to
discriminate between athlete’s heart and pathological hypertrophy, especially in young
athletes with negative T-waves, because these can be due to juvenile-patterns. In this
study, we assessed LV morphofunctional characteristics in adolescent athletes
presenting with resting ST-T segment anomalies.
MATERIALS AND METHODS. Among 495 athletes undergoing pre-participation
screening, we selected 121 athletes, aged 16.1+3.3 years, 108_M, regularly trained for
at least 5 hours/week, with full puberty characteristics. Physical examination, ECG and
echocardiography were performed in everybody. Uncommon ST-segment and T-wave
findings were identified as follows: 0.1-mV ST segment depression and/or T-wave
inversion on at least 2 leads. Indexed LV mass was calculated on echocardiography
according to ASE criteria. Hypertrophy was also coded for wall thickness >12mm in
atypical LV segments.
RESULTS. Seven athletes (5.8% of study population), 6_M, showed repolarization
anomalies, consisting of isolated negative/flattering T-waves in everyone, combined
with ST depression in 2. Four athletes(3.3%) met criteria for LV hypertrophy at
echocardiography, likely to be pathological in 2 cases(1.6%) and on the gray area in the
other 2. Normal findings were found in the remaining 3 athletes.
CONCLUSIONS. ST-T segment anomalies were confirmed to be uncommon (<6%) in our
study population. LV hypertrophy was found in >50% of cases and in 2(28%) it was
likely to be hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Therefore, the recognition of such
repolarization anomalies requires ruling out the presence of pathological hypertrophy.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
CO-RELATION BETWEEN AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS AND VARIOUS SPORTS:
CHARACTERISTICS OF PHYSIOKINESITHERAPY.
Authors
1
1
1-2-3
1
4
M. Amendola , V. Amendola , F. Amendola
, M. Ribatti , R. Marvulli , D. Accettura
3
Affiliations
1
2
F.i.g.c.lega Dilettanti-comitato Regionale Puglia, Bari, ITALY, A.s.bari Calcio-settore
3
4
Giovanile, Bari, ITALY, F.m.s.i.. Istituto Di Medicina Dello Sport-coni, Bari, ITALY,
Specialista In Medicina Fisica E Riabilitazione, Bari, ITALY
Body
The Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis(SLA) or Maladie de Charcot or Lou Gehrig’s diseas
represents the pathology which is more common primitive disease of motor neuron
among the adults. There’s an important co-relation between sport (especially football)
and SLA. Even though there aren’t scientific proofs about a direct co-relation between
SLA and football. The project for the rehabilitation is based on evaluation of the
patient, to determine short, medium and long term objectives with a remedy accepted
globally, and individually chosen rehabilitation strategy. It’s an holistic approach which
takes into consideration the rehabilitation plan for the quality of patient’s life in the
context of his family and society. It has to be a multi-disciplinary approach wherein,
each one gives the best. The rehabilitation medicine in this kind of pathology is defined
as: a process of solution for the problems and education during the course in which a
handicapped could reach the best possible level of life regarding physical, functional,
social and emotional, with least possible restrictions on their choice, even though
there may be some limitations regarding his ability and availability of quantity and
quality of resources. In this process the family of the handicapped also has to be
involved, the closer he is to the environment around him, the better gets his
life.Guide-line of the Ministry of Health for the rehabilitation. Official Italian Gazette n.
124,1998.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
IMPORTANCE OF PLANTAR RECEPTOR IN PREVENTION OF LESIONS DUE TO OVERUSE
IN FOOTBALL: NEW ACQUISITIONS IN PHYSIOKINESITHERAPY.
Authors
1
1
1-2-3
1
4
M. Amendola , V. Amendola , F. Amendola
, G. De Sario , R. Marvulli , D.
3
Accettura
Affiliations
1
2
F.i.g.c.lega Dilettanti-comitato Regionale Puglia, Bari, ITALY, A.s.bari Calcio-settore
3
4
Giovanile, Bari, ITALY, F.i.m.s. Istituto Di Medicina Dello Sport-coni, Bari, ITALY,
Specialista In Medicina Fisica E Riabilitazione, Bari, ITALY
Body
Every sport's activity generates a microtrauma to the muscular skeleton apparatus, the
consequence is the repeated stress to the arteries and muscular structures. The
human body is capable of compensating this stress by appropriate posture. The Podalic
Receptor and the System of Tonic Posture through the interaction of other apparatus
consent the development of an adequate control of the posture. In football, a great
attention is paid to the football ground. One of the methods that is frequently used for
the treatment of altered postures among the football players is the Global Postural
Re-education (gpr). We have taken a case study of a male patient of 22 years
suffering with pubalgy. The painful symptoms mainly surfaced during the initial phases
of warming up, not while practising sport during the months. From the first week, he
suffered pain even while taking rest. The patient was treated with the following
rehabilitation protocol: the manual techniques of normalising the ileum and the
symphysis pubis, the gpr and help for stimulating the plantar receptors.
The treatment that was repeated for four consecutive weeks has shown an important
reduction of clinical symptoms. After the three months of treatment, the patient had
regained the training with the use of adequate aid for the stimulation of podalic
receptor. The study demonstrates that the way the alteration of the podalic receptors
compromised with the tonic postural system, not only with the execution of the
athletic gestures. However, before practising any sport, becoming body conscious is
a preliminary obligatory task.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS : LITTERATURE REVIEW
Authors
1
J. Coudreuse , C. Nicol
Affiliations
1
2
University Hospital, Marseille, FRANCE, Staps Luminy, Marseille
Body
DOMS (Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness) occurs frequently in sport. DOMS usually
develops 12-48h after intensive and/or unusual eccentric muscle action. They can be
associated with decreased proprioception and range of motion, as well as maximal
strength. DOMS disappears 2-10 days before complete functional recovery.
Inflammation appears to be the most common explanation. DOMS should not be
considered as an indicator of muscle damage but, rather, a sign of the regenerative
process, which is well known to contribute to be increase muscle mass. If some
treatments are well known to attenuate DOMS, none has been demonstrated to
accelerate either structural or functional recovery.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
INFILTRATIVE PERITENDINOUS TREATMENT, ULTRASOUND GUIDED, WITH LOW
MOLECULAR WEIGHT HYALURONIC ACID.
Authors
G. Mazzoni, E. Bernardi, M. Fogli
Affiliations
1
Biomedical Sport Studies Center, Univeristy Of Ferrara, Ferrara, ITALY
Body
Aim: To evaluate the effect of infiltrative treatment with low molecular weight
(500-700 kDalton) hyaluronic acid (HA) in athletes with tendinopathy.
Subjects and methods: 30 athletes (5F, 25M; 16-64 years) with 2° and 3° grade
tendinopathy and degenerative tendinosis: 18 Achilles, 11 patellar, 9 lateral elbow and
1 tibialis anterior. Ultrasounds were made Esaote® myLab 25 X-view with a linear array
(15-18 mhz ) and a power doppler software.
Treatment: 39 tendinopathy (9 bilateral) with a cycle of 5 peritendinous infiltration.
With injections of 1.2 to 2 cc of HA uniformly distributed in 2-6 points on the lateral
and medial portions of the tendon to be treated. The first infiltration was made
immediately after the first ultrasound analysis (T0). Infiltrations were repeated with
the same procedure after 2, 3, 5 and 8 weeks. Ultrasound analyses were repeated at
T0, at week 5 (T1) and at weeks 9 (T2).
Results: Reductions of the pain scale score [from 10 (T0) to 3 (T2)*] and of tendon
thickness (average reduction of 20-25%* from T0 to T2) were observed. Dissolution of
power doppler were also observed at T2. Athletes restarted training after T1 (eccentric
exercises).
(*T-test, P<0.05)
Conclusion: No contraindications with this technique were found. This treatment is
cheaper than physiokinesis therapy and permits to determine the gradual training
loads recovery by means of the ultrasound check carried out for static and dynamic
follow-up.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
SENCONDARY ULNAR NERVE PALSY IN ADULT AFTER RANGE OF MOTION EXERCISE. CASE REPORT Authors
1
1
J. Jun , W.I. Rhee
Affiliations
1
Department Of Rehabilitation Medicine, College Of Medicine, The Catholic University
Of Korea, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA
Body
Ulnar nerve palsy after elbow trauma were reported earlier in the literature. But,
secondary ulnar nerve palsy in which the onset of ulnar nurve dysfunction occurs 1 to
3 months after elbow trauma, is unusual. And the cause of secondary ulnar nerve palsy
is not clear. Here, we report a secondary ulnar nerve palsy in adult after nondisplaced
olecranon linear fracture treated non-surgically. In this case, the trauma did not induce
translocation of ulnar nerves, and there were no definite evidence of ulnar nerve
swelling in initial ultrasonographic finding. And ulnar nerve palsy symptoms occur after
progressive range of motion exercise. This may be the evidence of that an elbow
trauma can lower motion threshold of nerve irritation or produce minor fibrosis
around ulnar nerves.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: RETURN TO COMPETITION: ADVANCES IN DIAGNOSIS AND REHABILITATION
Title
EVALUATION OF DXA BODY COMPOSITION DURING REHABILITATION PROGRAMS
AFTER ACL SURGERY IN SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
G. Martelli , A. Causarano , R. Palazzi , L. Santini , I. Martelli , F. Merlo
Affiliations
1
Performance Medical And Rehabilitation Center, Siena, ITALY
Body
In soccer players ACL ruptures are the most common accidents, always repairable by
surgery; techniques mostly used are: patellar tendon (P) and quadruple
semitendinosus (S). Dual Energy-X Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) is a diagnostic device
used in sports medicine to monitor bone, fat and muscle mass modifications in
athletes during the season and to detect these parameters after prolonged training
stops. The aim of the present study was to monitor body composition variations during
rehabilitation programs after P and S surgery. Methods 30 semi-professional soccer
players were tested during rehabilitation programs after ACL surgery (15 P and 15 S) by
serial body composition tests on DXA Lunar Prodigy Advance (General Electric, Milano),
with this schedule: pre-surgery test; after 20, 60, 120 days after P or S surgery. We
evaluated only muscle mass (MM, g) parameters in two ways: 1) standard test,
comparing healthy and operated legs and 2) thigh evaluation, tracing in each leg a
square from inferior pubic branches to femoral condyles. Results 1) Both in operated
and in healthy legs, MM was significantly reduced after 20 days with both techniques;
all S values were lower than P at 20,60 and 120. 2) Both in operated and in healthy
thighs there was a reduction of MM values, both for P and S, until 120 days. Discussion
Our results show the importance of DXA measurements during ACL rehabilitation
programs to monitor the decrease and the gradual recovery of muscle mass in affected
and unaffected legs before competition return in soccer players.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN THE PULMONARY RESPONSE TO HYPOBARIC HYPOXIA
(3300M): A POTENTIAL CAUSE IN THE PRONENESS TO DEVELOP INTERSTITIAL LUNG
EDEMA
Authors
1
1
1
1
2
2
M. Bartesaghi , F. Lanfranconi , L. Pollastri , V. Scotti , G. Mandolesi , E. Bernardi ,
1
G. Miserocchi
Affiliations
1
Department Of Experimental Medicine, Laboratory Of Clinical Physiology And Sport
2
Biomedical Sport Studies Center, Department Of
Medicine, Monza, ITALY,
Experimental Medicine, Ferrara, ITALY
Body
Introduction: High altitude pulmonary edema is a largely unpredictable event though
many aspects regarding its physio-pathogenesis still need to be clarified. Purpose: to
relate inter-individual differences in the cardiopulmonary response to work load in
normoxia and in hypobaric hypoxia to the perturbation in lung water balance.
Methods: twenty-tree subjects (mean±st.dev: age 37,4±7,2 years, body mass index
22,4±2,8; 22%Females, 78%Males) were submitted to an incremental exercise test
until exhaustion on cyclo-ergometer at sea level and after 6h of staying at the altitude
of 3300m. Gas exchanges, pulmonary ventilation and heart rate were measured as well
as respiratory reactance by high frequency oscillatory method that potentially detect
early indexes of interstitial lung edema (Dellacà RL et al. Respir Res. 2008 Jun 12;9:51).
Results: inter-individual differences in the ventilatory response when the hypoxic
stimulus was added to the increase in oxidative metabolism were found: in particular,
the increase in the ventilation/carbon dioxide output ratio correlated positively with
the increase in respiratory reactance (y=27.5x+22.0, p=0.003). Conclusion: we
conclude that participants having a greater ventilatory response to exercise in hypoxia
probably are more exposed to the development of interstitial lung edema functionally
related to a decreased efficiency of the oxygen diffusive-uptake process.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
KINEMATIC CHANGES BETWEEN FASTBALL AND CURVEBALL IN TAIWANESE BASEBALL
PITCHERS
Authors
1
2
2
1
1
1
3
2
P. Chou , S. Chang , Y. Huang , T. Fan , W. Lin , S. Chen , C. Liu , Y. Chou
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Sports Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, TAIWAN,
Institute Of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng-kung University, Tainan, TAIWAN,
3
Graduate Institute Of Sports Equipment Technology, Taipei Physical Education
College, Taipei, TAIWAN
Body
Literature indicated that curveball pitching may produce more stress on the shoulder
joint, and further increase the risk of shoulder pain and shoulder injury. The purpose of
this study is to investigate the kinematic changes between fast ball and curve ball in
baseball pitching.
Ten professional pitchers participated in this study during Spring Training. They were
asked to throw 15 fastball and curveball pitches on the outdoor throwing mound at a
distance of 18.4 m. Motion Raptor E (Motion Analysis Inc., U.S.A.) was used to capture
the throwing motion at a sampling rate of 300Hz. Kinematic data between the two
different pitches were calculated for comparison. A repeated-measure analysis of
variance was used for statistical analysis.
At the instant of foot contact, more stride length was required for the curveball.
During the acceleration phase, there was significantly more forearm pronation in
fastball(31.3±16.7) than curveball (14.0±18.6)(p=0.01). There was more shoulder
internal rotation angular velocity ( deg/s) in fastball(5714.9±1333.5) than curveball
(5426.4±872.5)(p=0.015). At the instant of ball release, there were significant
differences in shoulder horizontal adduction angle (p=0.003), elbow flexion angle
(p=0.001), elbow valgus angle (p=0.026), and forearm pronation (p=0.001). Fastball
velocity (34.5±2.0 m/s) was fasterr than curvball (28.1±0.9 m/s) (p=0.001).
This outdoor throwing analysis was setup to simulate the bullpen pitching scenario.
There were several kinematic differences between fastball and curveball, and the most
of the changes occurred during the acceleration phase. This database can be helpful
for the young players to improve their throwing techniques, and decrease the risk of
upper extremity injuries.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
MARKERS ELETTROCARDIOGRAFICI DI RIPOLARIZZAZIONE VENTRICOLARE IN ATLETI
CON PROLASSO MITRALICO.
Authors
1
G. Francavilla
Affiliations
1
Ospedale S.antonio Abate, Trapani, ITALY
Body
Scopo del lavoro: Le aritmie cardiache risultano di comune riscontro in pazienti affetti
da prolasso valvolare mitralico. Scopo del presente studio è quello di valutare in atleti
con pvm isolato i seguenti parametri: la dispersione del QT-end, del QT-apex, del Tpe, il
valore massimo del Tpe a livello precordiale ed il rapporto Tpe/QT.
Metodi: Sono stati valutati 50 atleti: 25 (5 donne e 20 uomini, età compresa tra 15 e 40
anni, età media 26.56±9.49 anni) con evidenza ecocardiografica di prolasso mitralico
non associato ad insufficienza mitralica significativa e F.E. nella norma ed altrettanti
atleti di controllo non portatoti di pvm (7 donne e 18 uomini, età compresa tra 14 e 40
anni, età media 24.76±9.81 anni). Tutti
sono stati sottoposti ad un
elettrocardiogramma a 12 derivazioni L’intervallo QT è stato misurato in tutte le
derivazioni dall’inizio del QRS alla fine dell’onda T.
Risultati: Tutti i soggetti erano in ritmo sinusale regolare. All’ECG di base la dispersione
del QT-end, del QT-apex, del Tpe precordiale, il QT.
Conclusioni: In conclusione, il prolasso mitralico, quando non accompagnato da
un’insufficienza mitralica significativa e deficit della frazione di eiezione, non è
associato ad eterogeneità della ripolarizzazione ventricolare. Gli atleti portatori di pvm
isolato non complicato possono praticare attività sportive ad alta intensità ed anche a
livello agonistico in quanto non presentano alcuna alterazione della ripolarizzazione
ventricolare, che li renderebbe, se presente, inclini allo sviluppo di tachiaritmie
ventricolari.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
SOCCER INJURIES AMONG IRANIAN PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
M. Hassabi , T. Seif Barghi
Affiliations
1
2
Shahid Beheshti University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN, Iranian Association
Of Sports And Exercise Medicine, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Objectives: The main purpose of research was evaluating the incidence rate of physical
injuries, also, we considered some special characteristics of the injuries, such as
location, type, severity, etc.
Materials and Method: In this study, we evaluated the injuries occurred among the
players of two professional soccer teams participated in Iranian premier leagues, both
in training and competition sessions. 52 male adult professional soccer players (age:
24±3), were followed for half of a season. The injury characteristics and exposure times
were recorded in previously designed profiles by the team physician, who was present
in all matches and training sessions.
Results: The sum of exposure times is 9296 playing hours (8202 h training V.S. 1094 h
competition). The incidence rates of the acute injuries were 9.5 (CI: 7.5-11.5) per 1000
hr exposure, 5.5 (CI: 4.1-7.3) per 1000 hr of training, and 39.3 (CI: 29-53) per 1000 hr of
competition. The most common types of injuries were contusions followed by strains.
Lower extremities were involved in the majority of the cases (78%); among them, one
third, occurred in thigh and groin. Approximately, half of the cases happened following
contact. Less than 10% of injures, required more than 4 weeks to be treated; and the
average loss of competition time was about 16 days following injury.
Conclusion: The incidence rate of injury is generally similar to those that are seen in
most of the other events. Contusion and strains are the two most common types of
injuries.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
RISK FACTORS AND INJURY MECHANISMS IN TRIATHLON. S.MIGLIORINI ITU MEDICAL
COMMITTEE CHAIR, FITRI MEDICAL COMMITTEE CHAIR
Authors
1
S. Migliorini
Affiliations
1
2
International Triathlon Union Itu Medical Committee, Vancouver, CANADA,
Federazione Italiana Triathlon Fitri Commissione Medica, Roma, ITALY
Body
Introduction. In the triathlon the combined practice of swimming, cycling and running
permits the reduction of overuse injuries compared to the practice of running alone.
Nonetheless, like other endurance sports, 80-85% of triathlon injuries can be ascribed
to overuse. Method. From an etiopathogenetic point of view the overuse injuries
must be studied in relation to the triathlon's technical characteristics, to the
transition phases between the disciplines, to the different load of training of the
various distances. Results. Injuries are seen more during the training and during the
first years of triathlon practice. Most of the injuries are caused by running and and
athletes most at risk are former swimmers and cyclists, since they lack of running
experience and muscle elasticity. The cycle-run transition is a period of particular risk
for knee and lower back injuries. Ileotibial band syndrome is common in age groupers
whereas Achilles tendon injuries and stress fractures occur more in elite athletes.
Previous injuries are correlated with injuries occurrence and the sudden changes in
training intensity or volume, hill training and the insufficient development of running
technical ability are injuries extrinsic factors. The episodes of rhabdomiolysis are
frequent, associated or not to exertional heat/idratation injuries. Hyphotermia is not
rare in cool and wet conditions. Conclusion. Injury prevention is based on the learning
of the correct technique of the three disciplines and of the transition phases. Before
the event it is essential to assess the risk specific to each race in relation to the
enviromental conditions.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
SAFEST EXERCISE HOURS IN TEHRAN BASED ON AIR QUALITY INDEX VALUES
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
S. Mohaghegh , R. Kordi , M. Younesian , M. Hajian , B. Mohaghegh
Affiliations
1
Shahid Beheshti University Of Medical Sciences,sports And Exercise Medicine
2
Tehran University Of Medical Sciences,sports And
Department, Tehran, IRAN,
3
Tehran University Of Medical
Exercise Medicine Department, Tehran, IRAN,
4
Sciences,public Health Department, Tehran, IRAN, Shahid Beheshti University Of
5
Medical Sciences, Preventive Medicine Department, Tehran, IRAN, Geological Survey
Of Iran,gis Department, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Aim of study-Due to air pollution problem in Tehran(capital of Iran), to find the major
air pollutants in Tehran City and determine the trend of their changes in all hours of
day and night.
Methods- Getting data from 7 air pollutant monitoring stations, the hourly means of
air pollutant concentrations from years 2004 to 2008 in places of stations were
measured and converted to Air Quality index (AQI) values. To find the cleanest and the
most polluted hours in exercise places (parks and stadiums), map of Tehran air
pollution using data from monitoring stations and Arc GIS software was created.
Results- Fine particles less than 10 micrometer (PM10), carbon monoxide (CO) and
ozone (O3) were major air pollutants in Tehran. Totally, the cleanest hours were 4to6
and then 17to 18. Peak hours for PM10 were 23 to 1, for CO 8 and 21, and for Ozone
13 to 15.
Conclutions-Regarding the PM10 was the major air pollutant in Tehran and its hourly
concentration changes were minimal, It is advised that in all hours of night and day,
unusually sensitive people should consider reducing prolonged or heavy exertion. Also
it is advised that in peak hours of PM10, people with heart or lung disease, older
adults, and children should reduce prolonged or heavy exertion. Also according to this
study, It is better to perform physical activities and conduct competitions in middle of
Tehran city in early hours of morning (before 7 am) and in 17 to 18 at afternoon.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
SPONTANEOUS FRACTURE IN BIPARTITE PATELLA AFTER ACL BPTB AUTOGRAFT
RECONSTRUCTION
Authors
1
1
1
R. Orlandi , G. Zappala' , D. Mazzoleni
Affiliations
1
Usc Ortopedia Traumatologia, Bergamo, ITALY
Body
THE AIM OF THIS POSTER IS TO REPORT THE CLINIC CASE OF A PROFESSIONAL SOCCER
PLAYER OF ITALIAN PREMIER LEAGUE WHO SUFFERED A SPONTANEOUS
PLURIFRAGMENTARY FRACTURE OF BIPARTITE PATELLA AFTER ACL RECONSTRUCTION
WITH BPTB AUTOGRAFT.
WE SHOW THE CLINICAL CASE (ALSO WITH INTRAOPERATIVE PHOTOS OF THE
FRACTURE'S SYNTHESIS) AND LITERATURE'S REVIEW OF THE AGGRESSIVE
REHABILITATION WITH POTENTIAL DAMAGES.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
AEROBIC EXERCISE AND LIFE QUALITY ABOARD A SUBMARINE
Authors
1
2
3
3
L. Ricciardi , R. Belloni , M. Davino , C. Rinaldi
Affiliations
1
2
Associazione Medico Sportiva Dilettantistica, Pavia, ITALY, Formerly Ospedale Di
3
Circolo, Varese, ITALY, Comando Forze Subacquee Marina Militare Italiana, Taranto,
ITALY
Body
A cycling training protocol based on heart rate was administered to 6 + 6 crew
members of a Sauro Class submarine, after discovering a lack of physical activity and
general fitness in this personnel (Body Mass Index > 25). They were confronted, prior
to and after training, with an even matching group of untrained boat-mates, by means
of an incremental cycling step-test. Training would consist of a daily 30 min session:
warm-up, steady-state workload and recovery. Workload would be between 70 and 80
% of maximum heart rate, as measured during the first test. Results obtained, very
preliminary and rather scattered though, show that training enhances performance,
while fitness is reduced if no training at all takes place. In fact test subjects improved
their efficiency, as measured by final distance over a given time span, by 15 %,
whereas controls decreased their efficiency by 5 %. Results suggest that a medium
workload might increase exercise endurance, improve general fitness and mood and,
consequently, quality of life.
At present a deeper insight into this research is about to be given by the use of
plicometry, in order to better assess fat free mass, before and after training. As to the
training itself and the two cycling step-tests, ArmBand® recording of caloric output will
be performed in test and control subjects, and shall result in a more accurate estimate
of energy costs. Overall final results would help to establish a training protocol to be
adopted by submarine crews during long-range navigation.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
EFFECTIVENESS OF A MONITORING PROGRAM OF PHYSICAL CONDITIONING
CAMERAMEN FROM A TV COMPANY IN SÃO PAULO.
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
P. Silva , R. Nahas , D. Silva , A. Silva , R. Evers , T. Rodrigues , R. Ciconelli
Affiliations
1
Grupo Fleury, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL
Body
Introduction: The cameramen have a high energy demand overloaded shoulders,
knees and lumbar spine increased risk of musculoskeletal injuries (MI) and
absenteeism. The practice of physical activity (PA) assists in the least well-focused
physical and injury prevention. Objectives: To assess change in lifestyle and physical
conditioning of cameramen subjected to a personalized program of motivation and
physical activity. Patients and methods: A prospective study with 58 cameramen
monitored during 12 months.They were supervised weekly by a physical educator
and sports physician by telephone contact, e-mails and regular visits to their
workplace. Periodically, there were orientation about flexibility, changes in lifestyle
and physical conditioning. They underwent periodic evaluations of general health,
body posture, lumbar flexibility (Wells), physical performance, body mass index (BMI),
waist circumference size (WC) and answering quality of life questionnaires (QOL). For
comparison between groups were performed non-parametric statistical tests such as
Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test. Results: There were three stratified groups: G1:
practitioners of PA at the gym (n = 21), G2: practitioners of PA not at the gym (n = 19),
G3: reporters who haven´t joined the program (18 eligible ). G1 had significantly
reduced average WC (96.2 to 92.9 cm), BMI (26.9 to 26.4 kg / m²), the rate of
absenteeism (45%) and increased lumbar flexibility (21.3 to 26.3 cm) and improved the
perception of QOL. Conclusions: The good results of the program are related to the
frequent monitoring of activities, customized employee motivation, proper choice of
health indicators and the interaction between health staff and the company
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT: ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS
Title
INCIDENCE AND PROGNOSTICATORS OF LOWER EXTREMITY FRACTURES IN BELGIAN
FOOTBALL PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
L. Vanlommel , P. Bollars , J. Bellemans
Affiliations
1
University Pellenberg, Leuven, BELGIUM
Body
Football is the world’s most popular sport with approximately 265 million active
players. As in every sport, there is also a risk for injuries in playing football.
This large retrospective nation-wide study evaluated the incidence and type of lower
extremity fractures (ankle, foot, tibial) , as well the influence of gender, age and level
of performance in Belgian football players over 2 seasons .
In season ‘99-’00 (417,462 football players) a total of 713 lower extremity fractures
were reported, with an average of 0.031 fracture per 100 players compared to 752
fractures (415,934 football players) in season ‘09-‘10, with an average of 0.03
fractures*.
For all type of fractures the incidence was significantly higher in adult players
compared to youth players and in amateur level players compared to top level players.
Only tibial fractures were significantly higher in male players. Ankle and foot fractures
had a similar incidence in male and female players. For every type of fracture the vast
majority occurred during a game.
This retrospective study shows that adult players are at higher risk for these fractures.
A Lower bone quality could be an explanation. There is also a higher incidence of
fractures when performing on amateur level. The more aggressive way of playing on
amateur level and average younger aged players on top level, could be possible
explanations here. The competitive spirit and pressure to win a game might be the
reason for the vast majority of fractures (73%) during competition games.
*injuries per 100 football players
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MISUSE
Title
EFFECTS OF ANABOLIC ANDROGENIC STEROIDS ON RENAL WEIGHT AND
MORPHOLOGY
Authors
1,2
1,2
3
4
1
1
V. Aparicio , D. Camiletti-moirón , R. Casuso , M. Tassi , E. Nebot , L. Bustos , J.
1
1
Porres , P. Aranda
Affiliations
1
Department Of Physiology, School Of Pharmacy And Institute Of Nutrition And Food
2
Department Of Physical
Technology. University Of Granada, Granada, SPAIN,
Education And Sport. School Of Sports Sciences. University Of Granada, Granada,
3
4
SPAIN, Department Of Health Sciences. University Of Jaen, Jaén, SPAIN, Department
Of Pathologic Anatomy And Institute Of Regenerative Biomedicine. School Of
Medicine. University Of Granada, Granada, SPAIN
Body
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the effects of anabolic androgenic steroids on renal
weight and morphology in rats.
DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred twenty Wistar rats were randomly distributed in
2 experimental groups with or without anabolic androgenic steroids. The animal
received 10mg/kg body weight of Nandrolone Decanoate once a week by
intramuscular injection in the gluteus for 12 weeks. Kidney weight as well as renal and
tubular fibrosis, kidney mesangiums, floculus and glomerular areas were measured.
RESULTS: Kidney wet weight was higher for the groups injected with anabolic
androgenic steroids when compared to the control group (1.06±0.12 versus 1.01±0.16
g, respectively, p=0.008). Among all the morphological parameters analyzed, we
have observed differences on the glomerular area, which was higher in the groups
injected with anabolic androgenic steroids when compared to the control group
(45232±456 versus 43441±640 µm², respectively, p=0.010).
CONCLUSIONS: The group injected with anabolic androgenic steroids showed, in
general, a worse renal profile, with heavier kidneys and higher glomerular area.
However, no differences on renal and tubular fibrosis were observed.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MISUSE
Title
CORTISONE AND SPORT
Authors
1
T. Henne
Affiliations
1
Kreiskrankenhaus Osterholz-scharmbeck, Chirurgie, Osterholz-scharmbeck,
GERMANY
Body
Cortisone, 1936 identified by EC Kendall at Mayo Clinic, is a glucocorticoid hormone
formed in the zona fasciculata of the adrenal glands. In 1948 P Hench used cortisone in
a patient with rheumatism with complete pain relief. Due to its extended field of
effects various diseases ( asthma, inflammatory bowel diseases, multiple sclerosis and
others ) were treated with cortisone.
In 1975 cortisone was prohibited by the IOC as doping because of its euphorising
effect. Since 1.01.2010 all glucocorticoids are prohibited when administered oral,
rectal, intravenous or intramuscular by World Anti Doping Agency. Local und inhalative
applications require the declaration of a therapeutic use exemption.
Looking at the single effects of cortisone - beside the euphorising potential - the value
of cortisone as doping is not evident and an increase of physical power has never been
proved. But for the cyclists of the Tour de France with extremly high physical stress
over 3 weeks cortisone prepares to fight or flight and reducing the physiological
reactions the those burdens. And increased blood glucose levels, more erythrocytes, a
positive inotrope cardial effect combined with the euphorising compound seem to be
good arguments for the use of cortisone during Tour de France. So up to 40 % of the
Tour cyclists are therapy requirung asthmatics with a therapeutic use exemption.
Due to this there exist no problem in proving the use of cortisone in athlets, but a
problem of sport physicians, who testify the certificates of health, necessary for a
therapeutic ude exemption.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MISUSE
Title
THE PREDISPOSITION TO DOPING IN SPORT: THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AN EDUCATIONAL
PROJECT ON RISK PREVENTION
Authors
1
1,2,3
2
2
1,2,4
R. Mura , M. Scorcu
, P. De Angelis , R. Uccheddu , F. Piras
Affiliations
1
2
3
F.m.s.i. Sardegna, Cagliari, ITALY, School Of Sport - Coni Sardegna, Cagliari, ITALY,
4
A.s.l. 6, Sanluri, ITALY, A.s.l. 7, Carbonia - Iglesias, ITALY
Body
Objectives: educational course for health protection and doping prevention. The
learning level during the course was assessed.
Methods: A sample of 2,341 Sardinian students, aged 13 - 21, underwent a test
consisting of 17 multiple-choice item, applying the McNemar Exact Sig 2-sided test
(alfa 0,05).
Results: The percentage in favour of taking performance-enhancing drugs dropped
from 7.5% (61 in 813) to 3.7% (30 in 813) post-course; among those who pre-test
claimed to be likely to make use of drugs it fell from 14.8% (120 in 812) to 4.3% (35 in
812); the rate of dubious opinion fell from 9.4% (76 in 810) to 4.4% (36 in 810). The
negative opinion on doping rose from 68.3% (554 in 811) to 87.8% (811 in 712)
(McNemarTest, Sig 0.00).
Before the course the percentage of who claimed that steroid hormones are used to
reduce strenght dropped from 6.3% (51 in 813) to 1.8% (15 in 813) post-course; who
stated a weight- reduction dropped from 8.4% (68 in 812) to 4.6% (37 in 812); who
stated an increased vigilance decreased from 12.4% (101 in 813) to 2.7% (22 on 813);
who declared their utility in increasing the muscle mass rose from 73.6% (595 in 808)
to 86.8% (701 in 808) (McNemarTest, Sig 0.00).
Conclusions: the research allows to consider the training project as a valid result since
it affected the skills of the sample.
Bibliography
Lippi G, Mattiuzzi C, Guidi G. Prevention of doping in sports: epidemiological issues and
ethical implications. Epidemiol Prev 2004
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
BUCCAL AND SALIVARY PROFILE OF YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
1,5
2,3
3
3
4
P. Amaddeo , S. D'ercole , D. Martinelli , D. Tripodi , F. Ristoldo
Affiliations
1
2
Atalanta B.c. Medical Team, Bergamo, ITALY, D.to Scienze Biomediche Università
3
D.to Scienze Orali, Nano E
Degli Studi G. D'annunzio, Chieti-pescara, ITALY,
4
Biotecnologie Università Degli Studi G. D'annunzio, Chieti-pescara, ITALY, Azienda
5
Ospedaliera Ospedali Riuniti U.s.c. Odontostomatologia, Bergamo, ITALY, Azienda
Ospedaliera Ospedali Riuniti U.s.s.d. Ch. Maxillo-facciale, Bergamo, ITALY
Body
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate influence of physical exercise on the
oral ecosystem.
Methods: 16 Atalanta players, mean age 13 years, and 40 sedentary individuals
(control), mean age 12.5, were selected. A self-administered questionnaire was used
to obtain data concerning a pathological complete history, a history of oral hard and
soft tissues, a family history, oral hygiene practices and snacking habits. Before training
sessions (T1), a clinical monitoring was performed and on each patient were recorded:
DMFT, Plaque Index (PlI), Gingival Index (GI). At T1 and after training (T2), stimulated
saliva was collected and subjected to microbiological and immunological analysis.
Results: The players shown a greater PlI (0,85; ctr 0,08), an increase of dental stains
(42.85%; ctr 2%), increased frequency of atypical swallowing (71.42%; ctr 17%) and nail
biting (57.14%; ctr 0%) and lower frequency of daily brushing (3/die: 0%; ctr 33%)
compared to controls. The young players had a statistically higher microbial load than
controls, both T1 and T2. At T1, 31.25% of the players presented S. mutans >106 and
the percentage rises to 68.75% at T2.
Regard to Lactobacillus spp only 12.5% of athletes had the count >106 and the
percentage rises to 31.25% at T2.
The training period decreased significantly the concentration of SIgA.
Conclusions: Young professional players have increased risk of oral diseases compared
to sedentary subjects, caused either by a lack of attention to the oral health that from
the effects of both immunological and microbiological changes that occur in training
time.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
CONTRIBUTION OF BIOMECHANICAL PARAMETERS OF COUNTERMOVEMENT JUMP
PERFORMANCE AND STANDING LONG JUMP PERFORMANCE IN BASKETBALL PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
R. Andrade , J. Claudino , B. Mezêncio , A. Azevedo , J. Pinho , A. Amadio , A.
2
1
Moreira , J. Serrão
Affiliations
1
Department Of Biodynamic Of Human Movement, Biomechanics Laboratory Of
2
School Of Physical Education And Sport, Usp, São Paulo, BRAZIL, Department Of
Sport, School Of Physical Education And Sport, Usp, São Paulo, BRAZIL
Body
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the contribution of
biomechanical parameters to countermovement jump and standing long jump
performance.
DESIGN AND METHOD: Fourteen male basketball players volunteered for this study
(17.64±0.79 years; 1.97±0.10 m; 96±16 kg). All players belonged to an Under-19 team
ranked first in the State championship during the monitoring period. Vertical
(countermovement jump and standing long jump) and horizontal (to standing long
jump) force vectors, for eccentric and concentric phases were analyzed by kinect and
kinematic analysis. Biomechanical parameters considered were: peak passive and
propulsion force, time to peak passive and propulsion force, load rate, rate of force
development, eccentric and concentric phase duration.
RESULTS: The principal component analysis showed that in eccentric phase, 63-79% of
jump performance was explained by time to peak passive force and eccentric phase
duration, and 17-36% by peak passive force and load rate, regardless of which jump
and force vector considered. During concentric phase, 53% of performance in
countermovement jump was explained by peak propulsion force, rate of force
development and concentric phase duration, and 26% by peak propulsion force. To
standing long jump, 64-89% of performance was explained by peak propulsion force
and rate of force development, and 7-22% by peak propulsion force and concentric
phase duration.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that vertical and horizontal jumps are not related
to the same biomechanical parameters. This result need to be take into account by
coaches and researchers aiming to understand the biomechanical parameters that
could explain jump performance.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
IS THERE A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MULTIPLE CHANGE OF DIRECTION ABILITY AND
BIOMECHANICAL PARAMETERS IN PROFESSIONAL FEMALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS?
Authors
1
1
2
1
2
R. Andrade , J. Serrão , M. Kiss , A. Amadio , A. Moreira
Affiliations
1
Department Of Biodynamic Of Human Movement, Biomechanics Laboratory Of
2
School Of Physical Education And Sport, Usp, São Paulo, BRAZIL, Department Of
Sport, School Of Physical Education And Sport, Usp, São Paulo, BRAZIL
Body
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between the
multiple directional change test performance (t-test) and biomechanical parameters
from two types of jumps.
DESIGN AND METHOD: Nineteen professional female basketball players from the
Brazilian National Basketball Team performed the t-test, the countermovement jump,
and the countermovement jump after a maximal two-meter run. The jumps were
assessed using a force platform. The biomechanical parameters measured from
countermovement jump were: peak propulsion force, time to peak propulsion force,
impulse, rate of force development, time to the concentric phase, and from
countermovement jump after a maximal two-meter run, mean velocity, peak
propulsion force, time to peak propulsion force, time to support phase and rate of
force development.
RESULTS: Significant correlation (p<.05) was verified between time to complete the
t-test and time to the concentric phase (.55) in countermovement jump; significant
inverse correlations observed between the t-test and peak propulsion force of
countermovement jump after a maximal two-meter run (-.49) and the t-test and
mean velocity (-.54).
CONCLUSION: Although it should be considered the limitations about the relationship
of causality, the results indicate that the ability to produce greater peak propulsion
force and reduced time to concentric phase could be lead to a reduction in the time to
complete the t-test, thus coaches aiming to improve the outcomes of multiple changes
of direction actions could consider these purposes during the program of exercise.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
INFLUENCE OF BURNOUT SYNDROME ON PERFORMANCE AMONG BASKETBALL
REFEREES
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
T. Antic , D. Curcic , N. Dikic , N. Radivojevic , M. Vesic Vukasinovic , M. Andjelkovic
6
Affiliations
1
2
Sports Medicine Association Of Serbia, Belgrade, SERBIA,
Sports Medicine
3
Association Of Serbia, Belgrade, SERBIA, Sports Medicine Association Of Serbia,
4
5
Belgrade, SERBIA, Sports Medicine Association Of Serbia, Belgrade, SERBIA, Sports
6
Medicine Association Of Serbia, Belgrade, SERBIA, Sports Medicine Association Of
Serbia, Belgrade, SERBIA
Body
Introductions
In this study we evaluated the level of stress in basketball referees and their
performance in the court in terms of how much time they spent in running, walking
and standing during the games. We used these parameters to evaluate correlation
between performance during the game and level of stress and burnout syndrome.
Methods
The study included 30 referees on FIBA Eurochallenge men and FIBA Euroleague
women competition. Two inventories were used: Self-assessment scale for stress level
and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) adapted for workers in the sport. MBI scale
consists of three subscales: Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization and Personal
Accomplishment subscale. The other part of this study visualized and analyzed the
referee’s movements in the court which was possible thanks to the use of E-analyze
Software (Ankara Technology Development).
Results
The obtained parameters showed intermediate level of stress in referees. On
Depersonalization subscale 15 referees had moderate level and even 8 referees had
high level of depersonalization. Referees with higher level of depersonalization were
performing at a lower level during the game. We used Independent sample T test and
found statistically significant difference in level of depersonalization among referees
who had highest and lowest level of running. There was no statistically significant
difference in terms of level of stress and performance.
Conclusions
Since depersonalization is defined as sense of alienation, loss of empathy and idealism
in the work it can be concluded that this mental condition can affect performance in
the court in terms of less running during the game.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
UPHILL TRAINING IN SOCCER PLAYERS: SPRINT VS. INTERMITTENT
Authors
1
2
2
3
4
G. Attene , G. Ibba , M. Scorcu , F. Pizzolato , J. Padulo
Affiliations
1
2
3
University Of Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Cagliari Calcio S.p.a., Cagliari, ITALY, Cagliari
4
5
Calcio S.p.a., Cagliari, ITALY, University Of Verona, Verona, ITALY, University Of Tor
Vergata, Roma, ITALY
Body
AIM: We investigated the changes of Heart Rate (HR) and Lactate (BL), during two
different uphill (10%) training: Sprint (ST) vs. Intermittent (IT) training.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:Twelve soccer players (Age 15.8±0.4 yrs, height 175.1±4.7
cm, weight 62.9±4.8 kg, BMI 20.5±0.9 kg/m2) participated at this study. The
participants, after warm-up (running), were randomly assigned to ST or IT and inverted
after three days. In SP the participants performed three sets of eight sprints of 20m
with 90s of recovery and 8’ between sets. In IT the participants performed 13’ with 5s
of sprint and 15s of walking (downhill). One week before, the maximum HR (HRmax)
was evaluated with an incremental test. During ST and IT the HR was evaluated and
normalized with HRmax. The BL was sampled at the end of IT and at each sets for ST.
RESULTS: Two-way ANOVA (Bonferroni post-hoc) showed differences between ST vs. IT
(p<0.0001). The %HRmax between ST and IT was: 76.7±4.4 vs. 86.1±3.1 respectively
(p<0.0001) and the BL showed an opposite trend between ST and IT: 5.6±2.5 vs.
2.9±1.2 mmol•L-1 respectively (p<0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed different response of HR and BL between ST and IT
at 10% training slope. The HR increased between IT vs. ST maybe because internal
work increased and the ground reaction force decreased as well as in the BL.
Therefore, if the aim of the training is to improve the metabolic factors we can choose
the IT while, for increasing the muscle strength is necessary to choose ST.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNEE EXTENSION STRENGTH AND QUADRICEPS TO
HAMSTRINGS IMBALANCES IN PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
1
G. Bogdanis , V. Kalapotharakos
Affiliations
1
University Of Athens, Athens, GREECE
Body
Isokinetic dynamometry is commonly used to evaluate strength and imbalances
between knee flexors and extensors in soccer players. This study examined the
relationship between quadriceps to hamstrings strength ratio (Q/H) and relative
strength of the knee extension. Eighteen professional soccer players took part in the
present study. Peak torque was recorded during maximal isokinetic knee
extension/flexion at angular velocities of 60, 180 and 300o/s. Players were then
divided into two groups, depending on their Q/H strength ratio of their preferred
kicking leg. Players in the low Q/H group (n=7) had significantly lower Q/H ratios at all
angular velocities, compared with the high Q/H group (n=11; 60o/s: 59.5±0.9% vs.
50.0±1.6%, p<0.01; 180o/s: 66.5±1.4% vs. 60.2±2.2%, p<0.02; 360o/s: 73.8±2.6% vs.
66.7±2.9%, p<0.05). Interestingly, players in the low Q/H group had greater strength of
the knee extensors relative to body mass, compared with the high H/Q group
(3.98±0.19 vs. 3.48±0.10 N.m/kg body mass, p<0.02), without any differences in
strength of the hamstrings (1.98±0.09 vs. 2.07±0.06 N.m/kg body mass, NS). There was
also a negative correlation (r=-0.66, p<0.01) between quadriceps strength of the
preferred kicking leg relative to body mass and the ratio of Q/H at the angular velocity
of 60o/s. In conclusion, this study showed that Q/H imbalances measured during
isokinetic strength testing in professional soccer players occur mainly in players with
strong quadriceps muscles, while players with relatively low quadriceps strength have
Q/H ratios at or close to the recommended values. These results may have implications
for hamstring muscle injuries.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SPORT OF BMX
Authors
1
1
1
1
2
G. Boni , F. Mattiacci , A. Capodicasa , S. Spaccapanico Proietti , L. Laurent , F.
2
Gargaglia
Affiliations
1
2
Cr Umbria Fmsi - Surgery Of Sport Medicine - Foligno - Pg, Foligno, ITALY, Coach
Italian Bmx National Team, Milano, ITALY
Body
Aim: To define the physiological profile of elite athletes from the sport of BMX,
bicycle motocross. The BMX bikes are single speed, small, light and with sturdy wheels
which have a diameter of 20 inches (24 in the Cruiser model). The race track is 300 to
400 metres long with average journey times between 35 and 50 seconds, characterised
by bumps, parabolic curves and other obstacles.
Methods: We took 16 athletes from the Italian National BMX Team of the Italian
Cycling Federation and subjected them to a battery of tests from October 2010 and
February 2011 to evaluate the functional characteristics of the extensor muscle of
the legs and the efficiency of the neuromuscular system:basal ecg, echocardiogram,
test of body composition, postural orthostatic test and 90° squat test, SJ, CMJ, CMJ
15’’; Drop Jump, Wingate Test, Kinesiography.
Results: We showed that comparing the BMX Athletes with other athletes in individual
sports, the average value of SJ (39,3 cm), appears to be similar to that of body
builders (39 cm), midway between that of cross country skiers (24 cm) and that of
slalom skiers (48 cm). The value of CMJ (42,4 cm) is similar to that of a fighter or a
gymnast (42 cm), midway between that of cross country skiers (29 cm) and that of
slalom skiers (58 cm).
Discussion: BMX athletes require: maximum force for gate starting, a high percentage
of white muscular fibres, resisting force, inter and intramuscular coordination,
moderate aerobic training, lean mass under 18%.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
EFFECT OF HIIT HYDROBIKE TRAINING ON PARAMETERS OF AEROBIC CAPACITY IN
TRIATHLETES VS DETRAINING EFFECTS
Authors
1
G. Collu , S. Roberto, M. Pinna, R. Milia, G. Migliaccio, A. Concu, A. Crisafulli
Affiliations
1
Labfs,dipartimento Di Scienze Mediche, Laboratorio Fisiologia Della Sport, Università
2
Degli Studi Di Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Labfs,dipartimento Di Scienze Mediche,
3
Laboratorio Fisiologia Della Sport, Università Degli Studi Di Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY,
Labfs,dipartimento Di Scienze Mediche, Laboratorio Fisiologia Della Sport, Università
4
Degli Studi Di Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Labfs,dipartimento Di Scienze Mediche,
5
Laboratorio Fisiologia Della Sport, Università Degli Studi Di Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY,
6
Coni Sardegna, Laboratorio Dello Sport., Cagliari, ITALY, Labfs,dipartimento Di Scienze
Mediche, Laboratorio Fisiologia Della Sport, Università Degli Studi Di Cagliari, Cagliari,
7
ITALY, Labfs,dipartimento Di Scienze Mediche, Laboratorio Fisiologia Della Sport,
Università Degli Studi Di Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY
Body
Keywords:Triathletes, Aqua Cycling,Detraining
Aim this study was set to assess the effect of hydrobike training on the aerobic capacity of
triathletes during 4 weeks of detraining period preceding the competitive season.
Methods a study group of 8 males triathletes (age37.2±2.9,height 170±4.9cm,weight 68.5±5.9
kg) and 8 matched control triathletes took part in the study. At the beginning of the study their
maximal values of oxygen uptake, heart rate and oxygen pulse were assessed during an
incremental test to exhaustion on a hydrobike (Hydrorider,Italy) by using a portable
metabolimeter (VO2000MedGraphics,USA).Then, the study group performed 12 sessions
(3times/week) of hydrobike interval training lasting 30 minutes each1 whereas the control group
was not involved in any structured training protocol; then both groups repeated the incremental
test on the hydrobike.
Results the main result was that the control group significantly decreased maximal oxygen
uptake (46.4±4.3vs.42.7±4.2 ml/kg/min,p<0.05) whereas the study group did not show any
significant decrement (47.9±5.6 vs. 51±3.5 ml/kg/min).Maximal heart rate of the study group
significantly increased after hydrobike training (169.3±5.9vs.173.1±6.6 bpm, p<0.05),while the
control group did not exhibit any change.Oxygen pulse2 was significantly impaired in the control
group (20.9±2.6vs19,2±3.1 ml/bpm,p<0.05) while this parameter kept constant value in the
study group.
Conclusions: it was concluded that hydrobike HIIT was effective in maintaining training status of
triathletes during a period of reduced activity and to counteract some detraining (3) effects.
Reference
1-ImpellizzeriF.M et al.Int.J.Sports Med2006,27(6):483-92
2-Volkov NI et al.EurJAppl Physiol Occup Physiol.1975Apr4;34(2):121-30
3-MujikaI et al.MedSciSports 2001Mar;33(3):413
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
REPEATED BOUT EFFECT INDUCED BY ISOKINETIC VS ISOTONIC ECCENTRIC
CONTRACTION
Authors
1
2
1,2
G. Coratella , F.M. Impellizzeri , F. Schena
Affiliations
1
Department Of Neurological, Neurophisiological, Morphological And Movement
2
Science, Verona, ITALY, Researc Center For Sport, Mountain And Health, Rovereto,
ITALY
Body
Lengthening contraction induces muscle injury and it confers protection to subsequent
eccentric sessions. (Nosaka 2001). It can be performed resisting to external load (e.g.:
isotonic) or using isokinetic device. Aim of the study is to measure muscle damage
induced after both eccentric modalities.
Thirty males were assigned to isokinetic(IK) or isotonic(IT). They were tested at
baseline, and up to 4 days after 60eccentric contractions. CK activity, strength loss and
muscle soreness were measured. Same protocol was repeated after 4 weeks.
Compared to baseline, IK and IT resulted in augmented injury symptoms after first
bout. Compared to first bout, second bout resulted in significantly lower muscle
damage both in IK and IT. After first bout, compared to IK, IT showed increased CK
activity (+30±13%), strength loss(+40±14%) soreness (+34±8%), p<0,05 for all
parameters. After second bout, compared to IK, IT showed similar CK activity (+12±4%,
n.s.),soreness (+10%±5%, n.s.), higher strength loss (+24±4%, p<0,05).
Both IK and IT induced damage after first bout and i decreased after second . IT
induced significantly greater damage compared to IK, but it confers more protection
after second bout. It is concluded that neural and mechanical factor influenced
difference between IK and IT eccentric induce damage. (Guilhem, 2011)
Nosaka K, Sakamoto K, Newton M, Sacco P: How long does the protective effect on
eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage last? Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001
Sep;33(9):1490-5.
Guilhem G, Cornu C, Guével A: Muscle architecture and EMG activity changes during
isotonic and isokinetic eccentric exercises. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011
Nov;111(11):2723-33. Epub 2011 Mar 12.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
LONGITUDINAL STUDY IN ELITE MALE SWIMMERS: A HIERACHICAL MODELING OF
ENERGETIC AND BIOMECHANICAL RELATIVE CONTRIBUTION FOR PERFORMANCE
Authors
1,4
1,4
2,4
1,4
3,4
1,4
M. Costa , J. Bragada , D. Marinho , V. Lopes , A. Silva , T. Barbosa , J.E.
3,4
Morais
Affiliations
1
2
Polytechnic Institute Of Bragança, Bragança, PORTUGAL, University Of Beira Interior,
3
University Of Trás-os-montes And Alto Douro, Vila Real,
Covilhã, PORTUGAL,
4
PORTUGAL, Research Centre In Sports, Health And Human Development, Vila Real,
PORTUGAL
Body
The aim of this study was to characterize the changes in elite swimmers’ energetic and
biomechanical profiles, and quantify their contribution for the 200 m freestyle
performance with hierarchical modeling. Nine elite male swimmers were evaluated on
six occasions over two training seasons. An incremental test was applied to obtain
measurements of: (i) swimming velocity at 4 mmol L-1 of blood lactate concentration
and the peak blood lactate after exercise as energetic; (ii) stroke frequency, stroke
length, stroke index and propelling efficiency as biomechanical variables. Performance
was determined based on official time’s lists. Friedman Test and the Wilcoxon Test
were used to analyze the annual changes. Hierarchical linear modelling was computed
to model the performance changes, having the selected variables as time changing
predictors. Despite a slight annual improvement in performance, the energetic and
biomechanical variables presented no significant changes during the study period.
Hierarchic linear modeling showed the velocity at 4 mmol L-1 of blood lactate, the
stroke frequency and the stroke length as the best longitudinal performance
predictors. Each unit of change in velocity at 4 mmol L-1 of blood lactate, stroke
frequency and the stroke length represented a positive effect on performance of 0.10
s, 1.20 s and 0.36 s, respectively. Slight changes in performance, energetic and
biomechanical profiles should be expected for elite swimmers within and between
seasons. Additional improvements in competition can be accomplished by
manipulating the swimming velocity at 4 mmol L-1 of blood lactate concentration,
stroke frequency and the stroke length during training.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
AN FMRI INVESTIGATION ON THE FUNCTIONAL CORRELATES OF NEURAL EFFICIENCY IN
PROFESSIONAL FORMULA 1 CAR DRIVERS
Authors
1
2
2
1
2
3
F. Franzoni , G. Bernardi , E. Ricciardi , E. Guidotti , L. Sani , R. Ceccarelli , R. Goebel
4
1
2
1
, F. Galetta , P. Pietrini , G. Santoro
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Pisa - Department Of Internal Medicine, Pisa, ITALY, University Of Pisa
3
- Department Of Laboratory Medicine And Molecular Diagnostics, Pisa, ITALY,
4
Formula Medicine, Viareggio, ITALY, University Of Maastricht - Department Of
Cognitive Neuroscience, Maastricht, NETHERLANDS
Body
Objective. The present study focused on a particular group of elite athletes that are
professional Formula 1 racing car drivers, as these subjects represent an exceptional
sample to study the effects of extreme psycho-physical conditions on the brain
functional organizations.
Design and method. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine
neural activity in 11 professional (mean age 24±4 yrs) and 11 age-matched naïve
healthy male drivers while performing two relatively simple visuo-motor tasks chosen
to minimize potential differences in performance. Different analysis approaches were
used to characterize functional brain organization of these two groups in terms of
brain response, functional networks organization and blood oxygenation level
dependent signal variability.
Results. Our results showed that, despite similar performance levels, professional
drivers recruited task-related brain regions with reduced extension and magnitude, as
compared to non-expert drivers. On the other hand, the observation of reinforced
connections between brain areas highlighted using a multivariate auto-regressive
approach, and the increased system complexity indicated that professional drivers
brain can elaborate information in a more efficient way.
Conclusions. Our results demonstrated in Formula 1 race car drivers a brain functional
reorganization that is consistent with so called ‘neural efficiency’ hypothesis, which
postulates that expertise and superior skills are associated with both a reduction in the
use of energy resources and an increased efficiency in their utilization. These findings
suggest that neural efficiency may be a matter of ‘quality’ of brain recruitment rather
than ’quantity’.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
EFFECTS OF LONG TERM WHOLE- BODY VIBRATION TRAINING WITH DIFFERENT
AMPLITUDES ON PERFORMANCE
Authors
1
2
2
3
2
F. Ghazalian , L. Hakemi , L. Pourkazemi , M. Akhoond , M. Ahmadi
Affiliations
1
Department Of Physical Education, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad
2
University, Tehran, Iran, Tehran, IRAN, Sports Medicine Federation Of I.r.iran, Tehran,
3
IRAN, Department Of Statistics, Shahid Chamran University, Ahwaz, IRAN
Body
The use of whole body vibration (WBV) as an exercise method has rapidly increased
over the last decade. The aim of this study was to evaluate long term effects of
different amplitudes of whole- body vibration training with progressive frequencies on
flexibility, vertical jump height, anaerobic power and agility. Twenty six healthy male
students were randomly divided in three groups: high amplitude vibration group (n=9),
low amplitude vibration group (n=9), and control group (n=8). The vibration training
consisted of 5 week whole-body vibration 3 times a week with amplitudes of 4 and
2mm and progressive frequencies from 25Hz with increments of 5Hz weekly. As
outcome measures flexibility, vertical jump height, anaerobic power, and agility tests
performed initially and after 5 weeks were considered. Statistical analysis was done
using one way analysis of variance. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. The
5week low or high amplitude vibration training programs with progressive frequencies
did not show any significant effect on flexibility (p=o.22), vertical jump height (p=o.11)
and anaerobic power (p=0.14) but showed a significant improvement in agility only in
the high vibration group (p=0.02). It is concluded that the long term effects of different
amplitudes of whole- body vibration training did not enhance performance globally
and just improvement of agility can be expected in the high vibration group.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
IMPACT OF RECOVERY MODALITIES ON PERFORMANCE IN VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS IN
HIGH ENVIRONMENTAL TEMPERATURES
Authors
1
1
2
N. Ghoul , M. L'hermette , R. Sioud , C. Tourny-chollet
Affiliations
1
2
Cetaps Ea 3832, Rouen, FRANCE, Ncmss, Tunis, TUNISIA
Body
This study investigated the impact of different recovery strategies on physical
performance, body temperature and perceptual leg fatigue of elite volleyball players
performed in warm environment. During 3 test sessions ten volleyball players
completed a 60 min simulated match play in a hot conditions, each randomly followed
by 1 of 3 recovery modalities for 14 minutes: (a) Contrast temperature water therapy
consisted of alternating cold and hot water immersion, (b) Cold shower, and (c) Passive
recovery (ambient temperature). Vertical jump, agility and speed performance, body
temperature and perceptual measures were determined before each match, and
immediately after each recovery method. There was significant (p < 0.05) attenuation
in perceived leg fatigue for all groups, although the greatest difference was between
contrast water therapy and passive group. However body temperature was
significantly lower (- 0, 58°C) in cold shower conditions compared with contrast water
and passive strategies. There was a significantly (p < 0.05) decrease in Counter
mouvement jump power and 5m sprint time performance after cold shower compared
with other groups. In contrast water immersion there was a significant increase in
Squat jump height performance. In conclusion, there was not a substantial effect on
vertical jump agility and speed performance, when compared between the different
modalities of recovery. However the observed positive effect on perceived leg fatigue
and temperature suggest that cold and contrast water therapy may be effective for
players performing in the heat.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
FOR A BETTER BONE QUALITY AND REDUCED CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS:
DOWNHILL SKIING, ICE HOCKEY OR SWIMMING?
Authors
1
1
2
3
4
S. Grossgasteiger , S. Frizzera , F. Egger , M.C. Tappa , G. Radetti
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Sports Medicine, Regional Hospital, Fmsi, Bolzano, ITALY,
3
Department Of Internal Medicine, Regional Hospital, Bolzano, ITALY, Department Of
4
Department Of Peditrics,
Nuclear Medicine, Regional Hospital, Bolzano, ITALY,
Regional Hospital, Bolzano, ITALY
Body
Introduction: Sports can positively influence bone mineralization and exert positive
cardiac and vascular effects.
Aim of the study: To evaluate the effects of different sports on bone health and
mineralization, lipid profile,insulin sensitivity and cardiovascular function.
Material and Methods: We evaluated 60 athletes (12.2±1.2 yrs) practicing downhill
skiing, ice-hockey and swimming. Bone mineralization was evaluated by DEXA and
bone health [SOS(speed-of-sound)- and BTT(bone-transmission-time)-SDS] by
ultrasound.
Lipid
profile,
insulin
sensitivity
HOMAr(Homeostasis-Model-Assessment-for-insulin-resistance)
and
QUICKI
(quantitative-insulin-sensitivity-check-index)] were evaluated. Endothelial function was
evaluated by flow mediated dilation of the brachial artery (FMD) and the intima-media
thickness(IMT) by B-mode ultrasound at the level of the common carotid artery.
Results: Swimmers show higher triglyceride values (mg/dl): 87.9±41.9 vs skiers
53.3±15.1 and ice-hockey players 60.1±28.4.Skiers show higher bone mineralization
than ice-hockey players(1.01±0.1 vs 0.94±0.05) and higher bone quality than
ice-hockey players and swimmers (BTT 0.55±0.84 vs -0.18±0.6 and -0.18±1.16).
Ice-hockey players have a significantly better FMD than swimmers (15,4±4,9 vs
11,3±2,4).Swimmers show an increased insulin resistance(HOMAr) compared to
ice-hockey players(2,33±0,74 vs 1,54±0,7) and a decreased insulin sensitivity(QUICKI)
compared to skiers and ice-hockey players(0,31±0,03 vs 0,35±0,02 and 0,36±0,03). A
positive correlation between BMD-SDS and BMI-SDS, lean body mass and weekly
exercise time was found. There is also a correlation between QUICKI, lean body mass
and weekly exercise time.
Conclusion: Each sport exerts different effects on bone, cardiovascular system and
metabolism, depending from the modalities of the physical activity. Swimmers, due to
the higher triglyceride values and decreased insulin sensitivity seem to be at risk for
future metabolic derangement.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
IS THERE ANY CORRELATION BETWEEN SELECTED PARAMETERS OF FITNESS AND
ACQUIRED SCORES OF REFEREES IN IRANIAN PREMIER FOOTBALL LEAGUE?
Authors
1
1
1
1
F. Halabchi , R. Mazaheri , M.A. Mansournia , T. Seif Barghi
Affiliations
1
Sports Medicine Research Center, Department Of Sports And Exercise Medicine,
Tehran University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Objective: There are more than 840,000 registered referees. Football refereeing is a
physically challenging job. Fitness of football referees is a major concern due to older
ages and significance of performance. The aim of this study was to assess the potential
correlation between selected parameters of fitness and assessed performance of all 78
referees (32 center referee and 46 assistant) of Premier League during season
2009-2010.
Design and Method: In a cross- sectional study, all referees selected for the
competitions were enrolled. All paticipants underwent exercise stress test (Bruce
Ramp Protocol), Pulmonary function test (using digital spirometry) and body
compostion assessment (using electrical bio-empedence).Then the weekly scores of
each referee, assessed by qualified supervisors of national federation using FIFA
assessor form, were obtaind throughout the season (34 weeks) and registered.
Results: Mean and standard deviation of referee scores were 85.8±0.25
[CI95%:85.30-86.29]. Correlation between referees’ mean score and parameters such
as age, weight, body mass index, body fat percent, resting heart rate, maximal heart
rate, aerobic capacity (VO2max), Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and
Forced vital capacity (FVC) were analysed. No statistical correlation (P<0.05) were
found.
Conclusion: It seems that the laboratory findings of cardiopulmonary fitness and body
composition may not correlate well to the acquired scores of each top-class referee.
It may be partly explained by the fact that performance of a football referee may be
influenced more by cognitive, psychological and experiential factors.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
THE YO-YO INTERMITTENT RECOVERY TEST OF PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
1
1
1
H. Hayrettin /gümüsdag , Çisem Ünlu , Güner Çiçek
Affiliations
1
Hitit University & Physical Education And Sports High School, Çorum, TURKEY
Body
The Yo-yo intermittent recovery (IR) tests evaluate an individual’s ability to perform
repeatedly intensive exercise. The Yo-yo IR level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1) test focuses on the
capacity to carry out intermittent exercise leading to maximal activation of the aerobic
system. Yo-yo tests are very popular in soccer; however, there is no study addressed
the details of their relation to canonical aspects of aerobic fitness. The aim of this
study was to examine the physiological correlates of the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery
test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1) in professional soccer play¬ers. Twenty-five male soccer players
(means., body mass 68.24 kg, height 181.14cm, age 26.73 years) performed a battery
of fitness test to asses VO2max, aerobic endurance performance (Yo-Yo intermittent
endurance test), soccer dribbling endurance performance and power performance
(Maximal vertical jump, 30m sprint with 10m split time). The same test battery was
replicated after an experimental soccer game in order to assess selective effect of
fatigue on physical performance. Result showed that the Yo-Yo IR1 performances (m)
were significantly related (r=0.77, p = 0.0001) to VO2max and CMJ (r= 0.57; p= 0.003).
CMJ (50.2) and 30mSR (4.28 s) performances were not significantly different (p >0.05).
The Yo-Yo intermittent test had significantly higher VO2max (P<0.001), and better
soccer dribbling endurance (Hoff test) (P<0.001) and 30m sprint times (P<0.05). These
findings show that Yo—Yo IR1 may be considered as a valid soccer-specific field test for
the assessment of well-developed aerobic-anaerobic fitness and game-related
endurance.
Key words: Yo-Yo intermittent test, shuttle running, soccer, aerobic
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
FUNCTIONAL STATE OF CHILDREN WITH THE INFORMATION STRESS DEPENDING ON
THE LEVEL OF THE AEROBIC FITNESS
Authors
1
I. Krivolapchuck
Affiliations
1
Institute Of Developmental Physiology Of Russian Academy Of Education Department Of Physiology Of Muscular Activity, Moscow, RUSSIA
Body
Objective. The work purpose was study of a functional state (FS) in children with the
information stress in the dependence on the level of aerobic fitness (LAF).
Design and method. In the study healthy children of 5-14 years in a quantity of 612
people were participated. For the analysis of a FS the complex of physiological,
psychological and behavioural indicators was used. Aerobic possibilities were
evaluated on the basis of the determination of the value of the maximal oxygen uptake
(VO2max) and power loading with the heart rate 170 beats/min (PWC–170). In
children and adolescents with the high and low LAF was conducted the analysis of
differences FS.
Results. The obtained information indicates that the specific features of the aerobic
fitness for work of subjects determine the level of nospecific activation in the state of
rest and the specific character of psychophysiological changes FS in the conditions of
the test loads.
Conclusion. In the majority the case, the trained children and adolescents were
characterized by high speed and quality of work, low degree of activation in the state
of rest and less expressed psychophysiological changes FS with the information load,
realized at the optimum and maximum rate, by the low 'psychophysiological price' of
intellectual activity. The greatest quantity of between-group differences is revealed in
the children of 7-8 years, and minimum - in schoolboys 5-6 and 9-10 years. This study
was supported by the Russian Foundation for the Humanities (no. 10–06–00053a; no.
12-06-00037a).
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
SHOULDER EVALUATION OF VOLLEYBALL ATHLETES BY AN ISOMETRIC TEST ON A NEW
DEVICE.
Authors
1
1
2
2
2
G. Martelli , G. Ciccarone , M. Signorini , G. Grazzini , S. Urgelli
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Physiology, University Of Siena, Siena, ITALY, Performance Valdelsa,
Medical Rehabiltation Center, Poggibonsi (si), ITALY
Body
In overhead athletes, with repeated shoulder movements in extra-rotation and
abduction, rotator cuff pathologies could frequently occur in the dominant shoulder. In
volleyball the continuous spike and serve overhead gestures could induce a
progressive posterior capsular retraction. The aim of the present study was to
evaluate, in a group of asymptomatic semi-professional volleyball players, rotator cuff
muscles function with a new specific device. Methods. 30 volleyball players, 15
females and 15 males, all right handed central or lateral spikers were evaluated by
some common clinical tests, to detect bilateral shoulder range of motion (ROM) and
rotator cuff muscles strength; athletes were also submitted to an isometric bilateral
shoulder strength test, with a specific upper limb dynamometer (Dynatorq, Florence,
Italy), in three different positions: 1) arm 0° adducted ; 2) arm 90° abducted, to
reproduce the spike gesture; 3) arm behind the thorax, similar to the clinical lift-off, to
test subscapularis muscles. All clinical and instrumental data were collected in male
and female groups and, in each group, dominant and non dominant shoulders were
compared. Results. Our data show in all athletes an initial postero-superior
impingement in the dominant shoulder, with significant ROM modification (increase of
extra- and decrease of intra-rotation), and with significant weakness of the
subscapularis muscle. Conclusion. In volleyball athletes a pre-clinical diagnosis of lack
of strength of subscapularis muscles in the dominant shoulder, before the occurrence
of pain or clinical signs, could be an important diagnostic target to delay the posterior
capsular retraction by specific training modifications.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
MODIFICATION IN BODY HYDRATION AFTER TWO MONTHS OF SOCCER TRAINING
Authors
1
G. Mascherini , L. Stefani, G. Galanti
Affiliations
1
Medicina Dello Sport E Dell'esercizio - Università Di Firenze, Firenze, ITALY
Body
Aim: Athletes body composition analysis normally evaluates either body hydration or
the efficacy of the physical training both derived from the soft tissue mass adaptation.
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) is a non-invasive and field method for the body
hydration analysis. Soccer training includes both aerobic and anaerobic effort. The
study is aimed to verify the body hydration level after a period of strenuous physical
exercise. Methods: 15 professional soccer players were enrolled. BIA measurements at
rest condition and without physical activity in the previous 12 h were obtained (BIA
101 Sport Edition, Akern, Florence, Italy) following the standard tetrapolar method at
the beginning of the regular season and after 1 (T1) and 2 (T2) months of soccer
training. Statistical analysis was perform by Anova test. Results: After 2 months of
soccer training the weight resulted to be unchanged. The resistance (Rz) to the
transition of an alternating current was slightly decreased, while the reactance (Xc)
was significantly lower (p<0.05). Body Water and soft tissue didn’t show any statistical
differences among the three evaluation, however a reduction of Fat Mass (FM) and a
little improve of water in Extra Cellular Compartment (ECW) were observed.
Conclusion: The results show a peculiar trend toward in modification of the body
composition measures and suggesting for extra cellular component an important role
in athletes. The difference in reactance measurement suggest an additional role of
vector analysis for athletes subjects. Therefore the weight is not sufficient and
exclusive to better evaluate the high level performance in sports.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
DIFFERENCE IN AEROBIC CAPACTY IN RUGBY PLAYERS.
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
G. Mazzoni , E. Bernardi , G. Grossi , F. Terranova , S. Uliari , G. Grazzi
Affiliations
1
Biomedical Sport Studies Center, University Of Ferrara, Ferrara, ITALY
Body
Aim:To evaluate the difference in aerobic capacity of rugby player (backs and forward).
Subjects and methods: 18 professional rugby players (6 backs, 12 forwards). Each
subject performed a maximal incremental treadmill test with gas exchange
measurements for the evaluation of VO2max and anaerobic threshold (AT).
Results: Mean age, weight, height, Body Mass Index ± standard deviation (SD) were
respectively: 25±3.2, 101±12.2 kg, 185±7.1 cm, 29±2.9 kg/m².
Mean ± SD values of AT speed (ATS), speed max, AT heart rate (HR) and HRmax were
respectively: 13.3±0.8 (range12.2-14.7km/h), 21.9±2 km/h (range17.5-24.3 km/h),
177.7±7.7 bpm (range 166-193 bpm), 188.1±7.12bpm (range 176-205 bpm).
The ATS was significantly greater in backs (13.8±0,4vs 13.1±0.7 km/h; T-test, P<0.05)
instead forward.The VO2max was significantly greater in forwards (5.7±0,6vs 4.6±0,5
L/min,; T-test, P<0,05).The mean value of VO2max/kg for backs was 54.2ml/kg/min
and 52.5ml/kg/min for forwards (T-test, P>0,05).
Conclusion: In rugby, different roles may require different levels of aerobic capacity
that are more important for backs because they had cover greater total distances
walking and running during the match; on the opposite the forwards had more
strength and muscle power for the static steps (maul, ruck, scrum, touche and
tackling).
VO2max was significant higher in forwards while there are no significant differences in
VO2max/kg. These results could be due to the two groups different body structure
indeed the forwards have a higher percentage body fat.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
LINKING SELECTED VARIABLES WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT EFFECT ON YOUNG
SWIMMER'S PERFORMANCE
Authors
1,2
2,3
2,3
2,4
2,3
1,2
J. Morais , N.D. Garrido , V. Lopes , D.A. Marinho , A.J. Silva , T.M. Barbosa
Affiliations
1
Polytechnic Institute Of Bragança - Department Of Sport Sciences, Bragança,
2
PORTUGAL, Research Centre In Sports, Health And Human Development, Vila Real,
3
PORTUGAL, University Of Trás-os-montes And Alto Douro - Department Of Sport
4
Sciences, Vila Real, PORTUGAL, University Of Beira Interior - Department Of Sport
Sciences, Covilhã, PORTUGAL
Body
The aim of this study was to develop a structural equation model for young swimmer´s
performance based on some selected anthropometric, hydrodynamic and kinematical
variables. A total of 114 subjects (73 boys and 41 girls with a mean age of 12.31 ± 1.09
years old; 47.91 ± 10.81 kg of body mass; 156.57 ± 10.90 cm of height and Tanner
stages 1-2) were evaluated. A theoretical model to predict swimming performance was
adopted based on selected anthropometric, hydrodynamic and kinematical variables.
The variables assessed were the: (i) performance; (ii) stroke index; (iii) speed
fluctuation; (iv) stroke distance; (v) active drag; (vi) arm span and; (vii) hand’s surface
area. All links were significant (p < 0.05). However, deleting the path between the
hand’s surface area and the stroke index the model's good-of-fit improved
meaningfully. Overall confirmatory model explained 50% of the young swimmer’s
performance. The model’s good-of-fit was good (x2/df = 1.908; CFI = 0.940).
Swimming performance in young swimmers seems to be dependent of swimming
efficiency (i.e., stroke index), which is determined by the remaining variables assessed,
except for the hand’s surface area. Therefore, young swimmers coaches and
practitioners should design training programs with a focus in specific training sets
regarding technique enhancement (i.e., improving the swimming efficiency).
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
THE EFFECTS OF THE PERIOD OF COMPETITION ON ELITE ATHLETES’ BODY
COMPOSITION, SERUM LIPIDS AND LIPOPROTEINS
Authors
1
N. Necip Fazil Kishali , Ozturk Agirbas, Mergul Colak, Fatih Kiyici, Guleda Can
Burmaoglu
Affiliations
1
2
Ataturk University Physical Education And Sports School, Erzurum, TURKEY, Physical
Education And Sport Part Of Erzincan University Faculty Of Education, Erzincan,
3
Physical Education And Sport Part Of Erzincan University Faculty Of
TURKEY,
4
Education, Erzincan, TURKEY, Ataturk University Physical Education And Sports
5
School, Erzurum, TURKEY, Ataturk University Physical Education And Sports School,
Erzurum, TURKEY
Body
The aim of this study is to analyze the changes which the competition period in elite
athletes have affected over body compositions and blood fats (serum lipids). This study
has been applied to totally 22 players, (age avarage 21,73 ± 1,19 years old and high
avarage 185,1± 9,46 cm), who haven’t got any health problems and have similar age
and physical features. Body compositions were measured twice for the first time
before competition period and the second time just after competition period using BIA
machine, TANITA (TBF 300). By making measurements, the effects of competition
period in basketball and handball on body mass index, BM, FM, BFP, FFM, BLM and BLP
were investigated. And blood measurements were made twice just after body
composition measurements. In blood samples taken, the effects of elite athletes
competition periods on TG, cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C and VLDL were researched. Also
examined the relationship between body composition and serum lipids. In our study,
when the values of elite athletes’ pre-tests and post-tests
were compared, there
were statistically significant differences in the elite athletes’ results of body weight,
body mass index, fat free mass and body liquid rate (p<0,01). There was not
statistically significant correlation between body composition and serum lipids.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
LACK OF CORRELATION BETWEEN LABORATORY INDEXES OF AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC
LACTIC CAPACITIES AND REPEATED SPRINT ABILITY IN YOUNG PROFESSIONAL SOCCER
PLA
Authors
1
1
3
3
3
3
2
1
S. Olla , L. Angius , F. Piras , R. Mura , G. Ibba , F. Todde , M. Cominu , M. Pinna ,
1
1
1
F. Tocco , A. Concu , A. Crisafulli
Affiliations
1
2
Sport Physiology Lab, University Of Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Regional School Of Sport
3
Of Sardinia, Italian Olympic Committee, Cagliari, ITALY, Cagliari Calcio Medical Staff,
Cagliari, ITALY
Body
Aim: Repeated sprint ability is one of the most important skills for team sports but
there are not studies on its relationship with aerobic and lactic anaerobic capacity in
young soccer players. Methods: 14 young elite soccer players from a professional team
were recruited. They underwent two laboratory tests: an incremental exercise test and
an all-out test to asses aerobic capacity and lactic anaerobic capacity respectively.
Athletes also performed a repeated sprint ability test on the field. During the
laboratory tests heart rate, oxygen uptake, carbon dioxide production, and pulmonary
ventilation were assessed by a portable gas analyser. Velocity and fatigue indices were
measured during the test on the field. Blood lactate was also measured after the
all-out test and the repeated sprint ability test . Results: No correlation between
aerobic capacity and lactic anaerobic capacity indices and measures from repeated
sprint ability test was found, even though the all-out test appeared to fully recruit the
lactic anaerobic capacity. Conclusions: It was concluded that there are no correlation
between the aerobic capacity and the lactic anaerobic capacity obtained in the
laboratory setting and the velocity and the fatigue measured from repeated sprint
ability test. This finding should be taken in consideration when testing young soccer
players.
References
Ekblom B. Sports Med. 1986; 3:50-60.
Rampinini E et al. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2009; 34: 1048-54.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
ASSOCIATION OF REACTION TIME AND PERFORMANCE IN 60 M SPRINT RUNNING
Authors
1
1
1
1
G. Paradisis , E. Zacharogiannis , A. Smirniotou , S. Tziortzis
Affiliations
1
University Of Athens, Athletic Sector, Athens, GREECE
Body
Reaction time has been defined as the time that elapses between the firing of the
starter’s gun and the moment that the athlete is exerting a pre-determined amount of
pressure on the starting blocks. There is a controversy regarding the extent that a
short reaction time could provide an advantage in the performance in sprint running
especially in 60 mm which is the shortest distance in track and field competitions. The
aim of this study was to test the relationship of reaction time with time performance in
the 60 m. Five hundred and sixty five athletes (334 male and 231 female) who
participated in the 60 m of the World indoor championships in Birmingham (2003),
Budapest (2004), Moscow (2006), Valencia (2008), Doha (2010) and Istanbul (2012)
were analyzed. Data for time of 60 m and reaction time were the official results of the
electronic timing system in the corresponding organizations, where the best
performance of each athlete was included for analysis. A Pearson correlation
coefficient was used to establish any significant association between the time
performance and reaction time with significance level set at P < 0.05. The results
showed significant correlation between the reaction time and the final time
performance in the 60 m in Budapest for men r = 0.312, n = 58, in Moscow for men (r =
0.462, n = 54) and women (r = 0.459, n = 33), in Valencia for men (r = 0.646, n = 57)
and women (r = 0.637, n = 35) in Doha for men (r = 0.445, n = 52) and for women (r =
0.702, n = 34) and in Istanbul for men (r = 0.615, n = 57) and for women (r = 0.597, n =
62). No significant correlations were observed in Birmingham for men and women and
in Budapest for women. It could be concluded that there were significant associations
between reaction time and 60 m performance in sprint indoor running, and it can be
proposed that reaction time plays a significant role to the final performance. ~
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
DOES FATIGUE INFLUENCE BALANCE OF YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS?
Authors
1
2
3
M. Pau , G. Ibba , G. Attene
Affiliations
1
University Of Cagliari - Dept. Of Mechanical, Chemical And Materials Engineering,
2
3
Cagliari, ITALY, Cagliari Calcio, Cagliari, ITALY, School Of Sport, Italian National
Olympic Committee (coni), Sardinian Regional Committee, Cagliari, ITALY
Body
Background: soccer is a discipline that relies much on single-leg support under
unstable conditions; thus it appears very important for players to have excellent
balance skills, especially for the unipedal stance. Nevertheless, the link between
balance capabilities and functional performance remains mostly unexplored, especially
in young subjects.
Methods: this study investigated the changes in balance for uni- and bipedal stances in
21 soccer players (age 14.5±0.2) induced by fatigue subsequent to a Repeated Sprint
Ability (RSA) test. Postural sway was assessed on the basis of center-of-pressure (COP)
time series collected before and after RSA (2 x 15 m shuttle sprint interspersed with 20
s of passive recovery). Data was processed to calculate: sway area, COP path length
and maximum displacement in mediolateral (ML) and anteroposterior (AP) directions,
and COP velocity. Two-way ANOVA was used to evaluate the effect of fatigue and
visual input on sway parameters. The relationship between fatigue (i.e. percentage
decrement score in RSA) and postural sway modifications was assessed using Pearson
product moment correlation analysis.
Results: our analysis revealed a significant effect of fatigue on most sway parameters
and a moderate correlation between fatigue and the ratio post-/pre-fatigue of COP
path length and velocity in both ML and AP direction for single-leg stance.
Conclusions: as reduced performance of the postural control system may increase the
risk of lower limb injuries, it is desirable to include specific balance training protocols in
the training programs to reduce both the impact of fatigue on performance and risk of
injuries.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
NO EFFECT OF 7 WEEKS INTERVAL TRAINING PROGRAM ON PLASMA VOLUME,
HEMATOCRIT AND HEMOGLOBIN RESPONSES TO MAXIMAL EXERCISE IN ADULT MALE
SUBJECTS
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
6
B. Abderraouf , J. Prioux , O. Ben Ounis , K. Chamari , Z. Tabka , H. Zouhal
Affiliations
1
2
Laboratory M2s, University Rennes 2, France., Rennes, FRANCE, Laboratory Of
3
National Center Of Medicine & Science In Sport, Tunis, TUNISIA, Issep De Tunis, Ksar
4
Saîd. University Of Manouba, Tunisia, Manouba, TUNISIA, Laboratoire De Physiologie,
Faculté De Médecine De Sousse, Tunisia., Sousse, TUNISIA
Body
Purpose - The aim of this work was to study the effect of 7 weeks interval training (IT)
program on Ht, Hb and PV variations (PVV) in response to maximal exercise.
Methods - Twenty male subjects (21.1±1.1 years) were assigned in randomized order
to a control group (CG, n=10) or to IE trained group (TG n=10). TG participated to an IT
program 2 to 3 times a week during 7 weeks. Each session training consisted to run 2
times 10 x 30s/30s at 110% of their maximal aerobic speed (MAS) with 30s active
recovery at 50% of MAS. 5 minutes recovery was allowed between each 10 x 30s/30s.
To measure Ht, Hb and lacate (La) 3 mL blood was collected at rest, at the end of the
maximal test (Htex, Hbex, Laex) and after 10 (Ht10, Hb10, La10) and 30 minutes (Ht30,
Hb30, La30) of recovery. To determine delta PV the formula proposed by Greenleaf et
al. (1979) was used.
Results - Both for CG and TG the anthropometric parameters didn’t change
significantly after the 7 weeks. MAS increased significantly only in TG after training
(16±1vs.17±1 km/h, p<0.05) without any significant change in VO2max in both groups.
In both CG and TG, Ht increased significantly at the end of maximal exercise before and
after IET but without any training effect on Ht and Hb in CG. On the same way, in CG
%delta PV didn’t change significantly in response to IET. In TG there was no training
effect on %delta PV in response to maximal exercise (-0.3±2.4% vs.-3.4±7.3%), after 10
min. recovery training (-2.2±1.7% vs. -3.4±4.3%) and after 30 min. recovery (-2.1±2.5%
vs. -4.5±4.1%).
Conclusion In conclusion these results suggest that, in male adult subjects, 7 weeks
of IT program induced a significant increase in MAS without any change in VO2max.
However, this training program had no effect on Ht, Hb and delta PV in response to
maximal exercise. This lack of changes can be explained, at least in part, by the
duration and/or the intensity of the training program used in our study.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
IBUPROFEN AND TRAINING EFFECTS IN RATS MUSCLE AFTER EXAUSTIVE EXERCISE
SECTIONS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
L. Ribeiro , D. Stamm , R. Gerbatin , F. Fiorin , G. Busanello , M. De Castro , F.
1
1
1
1
Rodrigues , M. Souza , L.F. Royes , M. Fighera
Affiliations
1
Universidade Federal De Santa Maria - Laboratório De Bioquímica Do Exercício, Santa
Maria - Rs, BRAZIL
Body
The ibuprofen is used by athletes to relieve both acute pain and muscular damage
caused by exercise. Our objective was to evaluate its effect on the physical
performance of rats in exhaustive exercise, the muscle levels of nitric oxide,
pro-inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress parameters.
Wistar male rats were submitted to 6 weeks of swimming (1 hour/day, 5 days/week,
5% of body overweight). Thereafter, a test was performed to determine the lactate
threshold; there was an increase on the control group (7 and 9% of body overweight)
[F(1,12)=23.41; P<0.05]. Besides that, the sedentary group presented a bigger body
weight [F(1,12)=20.58; P<0.05]. Subsequently, the animals received daily ibuprofen (15
mg/kg, p.o.). On the 3rd, 6th and 9th days went through exhaustive exercises tests
(13% of body overweight until being submersed 10 seconds). The training and the
training+ibuprofen increased the time of exhaustion on the 3rd [F(3,26)=24.31; P<0.01]
and 6th day [F(3,26)=7.03; P<0.05]. On the 9th day, the sedentary+ibuprofen and the
trained ones presented a higher latency in comparison to the sedentary group; and the
trained+ibuprofen showed latency even higher [F(3,26)=8.07; P<0.05]. The statistical
analysis did not show any level difference of IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, protein carbonilation
and lipid peroxidation; however, there was an increase on nitric oxide [F(3,32)=5.23;
P<0.05] in the soleus muscle of groups in which ibuprofen was administered.
The increase on nitric oxide levels in the ibuprofen groups may have partially
contributed to a better performance of them, due to the fact that it is a vasodilator
that raises the blood supply.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
ASSESSMENT OF CIRCULATORY ADJUSTMENTS DURING REAL UNDERWATER APNOEA
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
S. Roberto , F. Tocco , E. Marongiu , M. Pinna , M. Pusceddu , L. Angius , G.
2
1
1
1
Migliaccio , R. Milia , A. Concu , A. Crisafulli
Affiliations
1
2
Sports Physiology Lab.,university Of Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Regional School Of
Sport Olympic Committee Sardegna, Cagliari, ITALY
Body
Aim:Cardiovascular measurements have never been performed during real underwater
dynamic apnoea (DA), thus, hemodynamic adjustments to DA has been studied only
during simulations. Methods:Twelve skilled elite divers (11male and 1 female) were
recruited. All hemodynamic measurements were performed by means of an
impedance cardiograph adapted to the underwater environment. Heart rate (HR),
stroke volume (SV), and cardiac output (CO) during static apnoea (SA) and DA were
gathered. Mean arterial pressure (MBP), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and
arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) were also assessed. The following 5 trials were
performed by the divers: head-out immersion during normal breathing (test A); 3
minutes of SA immersed at the surface (B) and at 3m depth (C); and DA till exhaustion
immersed at the surface (D) and at 3m depth (E). Results:Both B and C conditions led
to bradycardia (-17%) compared to A, and also induced a decrement in SV (-8%) and in
CO (- 25%), while MBP was maintained due to an increase in SVR. A significant MBP
increment (+ 11%) was detected only during tests D and E, when a SaO2 drop was also
present, whereas HR, SV and CO remained substantially unchanged. Conclusion:We
concluded that typical diving response was present only during SA, while sympathetic
activation was induced by exercise during DA, which partially obscured the effects of
the diving response. We hypothesised that the exercise pressor reflex and the central
command were responsible for the phenomenon.
Lindholm et al. J Appl Physiol 2009;106:284-292.
Tocco et al. Eur J Appl Physiol 2011;112:543–554.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
LONGITUDINAL EVALUATION OF THE AEROBIC CAPACITIES OF YOUNG ELITE ATHLETES
PRACTICING WINTER SPORTS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
F. Scarzella , C. Milanese , G. Micheletti , G.P. Ganzit , F. Verzini
Affiliations
1
Istituto Di Medicina Dello Sport, Torino, ITALY
Body
Objective. The goal of this research is the evaluation of aerobic modifications in young
athletes in relation to years and agonistic season.
Design and method. We analyze 8 cross-country skiing/biathlon athletes and 9
hockey/ice-skating athletes. Subjects, males and females, have an average age of 15,7
at the first check. The athletes are chosen for their promising performance. They are
evaluated two times in a year at the beginning and at the end of the summer
preparation season from 2009 to 2011. Anthropometric parameters, corporal
composition, functional evaluation of the pulmonary ventilation with maximal test and
oxygen consumption are estimated by cardiopulmonary exercise test (Quark
CPET-Cosmed).
Results. VO2max is not statistically different over the time neither in absolute value
nor in relative value depending on the weight. In both the groups we notice a
statistically significant decrease of maximum heart rate with the age. We evaluated on
all subjects the variation of the aerobic parameters between the beginning and the
end of the summer training sessions, showing significant differences only in endurance
group.
Conclusions. Enduring athletes show a seasonal increase of the aerobic function,
despite the fact that no significant improvements are noticed in the years. This is in
disagreement with the results reported in literature, showing better performance up
to 20 years old. On the other hand, during the overall period the athletes maintain
high performance, although they do not become of national level. The registered VO2
max values suggest a modification of training methodology and training intensity
distribution to enhance the performance.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
POOR RELIABILITY OF HEART RATE TO ESTIMATE ENERGY EXPENDITURE DURING
INTERVAL TRAINING IN RUNNERS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
2
F. Tocco , A. Crisafulli , E. Marongiu , F. Melis , N. Degortes , G.M. Migliaccio , R.
1
2
2
1
Mura , P. Sanna , C. Ciuti , A. Concu
Affiliations
1
2
Sport Physiology Lab., University Of Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Regional School Of
Sport Of Sardinia, Italian Olympic Committee, Cagliari, ITALY
Body
Introduction: The aim of this study was to quantify the reliability of heart rate
monitoring to assess energy expenditure during recovery after moderate and
high-intensity exercise in prolonged sprint and middle distance runners.
Materials and methods: Twenty-two runners underwent two different sessions of
interval training during which they performed six bouts of running at two different
intensities: three bouts at 80% and three bouts at 120% of anaerobic threshold
previously assessed . Bouts were spaced by a recovery period of three minutes.
Throughout both sessions, heart rate, oxygen uptake, carbon dioxide production and
pulmonary ventilation were measured by means of a portable gas analyzer. The excess
in carbon dioxide production was also estimated to test the hypothesis that a cardiac
drift, occurring during recovery between repetitions of interval training, was related to
carbon dioxide accumulation.
Results: Both workloads led to a cardiac drift in heart rate, which showed a progressive
increase of the same extent during recovery periods between bouts, whereas oxygen
uptake and carbon dioxide excess were unmodified.
Conclusions: On the basis of our research, the use of heart rate as a parameter to
evaluate energy expenditure is inaccurate and unfit for training. Moreover, carbon
dioxide excess is unrelated to cardiac drift.
References
Crisafulli et al. Int. J. Sport Med. 2006, 27: 55-59.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
THE EFFECT OF CIRCUIT HYDRAULIC RESISTANCE EXERCISE ON SUPER-OLD MAN
Authors
1
2
4
6
5
3
L. Tsung-ching , C.C. Hong , T.H. Han , H.L. Chou , M.F. Hsu , L.Y. Chang , T.Y. Shiang
7
Affiliations
1
Department Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital,
2
Taipei, TAIWAN, Department Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, Far Eastern
3
Memorial Hospital, Taipei, TAIWAN, Graduate Institute Of Exercise And Sport Science
4
, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, TAIWAN, Exercise And Healthy Science,
5
National Taipei University Of Nursing And Healthy Science, Taipei, TAIWAN,
6
Department Of Nursing, Oriental Institute Of Technology, Taipei, TAIWAN,
7
Department Of Nursing, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, TAIWAN, Graduate
Institute Of Exercise And Sport Science , National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei,
TAIWAN
Body
Aim of the study: Previous studies suggested that exercise might be beneficial for the
elderly; especially the type of exercise program combines resistance and aerobic
exercise. Circuit hydraulic resistance exercise(CHRE) is an economical protocol for
improving physical fitness in the elderly. The purpose of present study was to
investigate the effect of CHRE on a super-old man.
Materials and Methods : The subject was an 89-year-old, a super-old male and he
participate in a 36-hour exercise program which contained twelve weeks, three times a
week, and each time for one hour in a classroom of college, there were six resistance
training equipment: chest press, leg abduction, arm curls, leg press, back press, and
knee extension. Outcome measurements were including: isometric muscle strength,
senior fitness test, and ultrasonography for measuring the muscle thickness of thigh.
Results: This 89 years old man had finished this exercise program. After CHRE training,
the ultrasonography data show the muscle thickness of rectus femoris muscle was
increased from 1.46 to 2.38 (cm). The hand grip strength also showed improvement
(20.9 to 24.3 kg). Besides, the present subject was showed improvement in other test
items from senior fitness test. The family members of subject were satisfied with
present training effect.
Conclusions: The present study suggested that CHRE could have positive effect on the
super-old elderly in an economic way; however, there still need some special
consideration about the subject over 80 year-old . Such as: the health condition,
prevent sudden unconsciousness. Besides, prevention of falling could be the first
priority.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
EFFECTS OF WARM-UP DURATION ON VERTICAL JUMP PERFORMANCE
Authors
1
1
1
P. Veligekas , G. Bogdanis , A. Tsoukos
Affiliations
1
University Of Athens, Athens, GREECE
Body
Warm-up is essential for optimizing performance of explosive movements such as the
vertical jump. In most studies examining vertical jump performance after acute
interventions a 5 min submaximal warm-up is commonly used. However, it is not
known if a longer warm-up would increase baseline jump performance and therefore
affect the conclusions drawn. The aim of this study was to examine whether doubling
the warm-up time could increase vertical jump performance. Twenty two male
athletes performed two standardized warm-ups, one week apart, consisting of either
5min or 10min of running at a submaximal intensity (heart rate: 110-120 bpm),
followed by 5 min of dynamic stretching. Before and 3 min after of each warm-up
routine, subjects performed three maximal countermovement jumps with free arm
motion, and the best jump at each time point was recorded using a Vertec apparatus.
Two-way ANOVA with repeated measures showed significant main effect for warm-up
duration (p<0.018) and duration x pre-post interaction (p<0.018). Tukey post hoc test
revealed that a 5 min warm-up increased vertical jump performance by 4.0±0.7%
(p<0.01), while increasing the running duration during warm-up from 5 to 10 min
resulted in a significantly greater increase of performance by an additional 1.7±0.8%
(p<0.01). The greater increase of vertical jump performance after the 10 min warm-up
may be due to a higher muscle temperature. The findings of the present study must be
taken into account when studying the effects of different interventions on vertical
jump, since the duration of the warm-up may alter the baseline performance.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
PHYSIOLOGICAL MATCH ANALYSIS OF AMATEUR HANDBALL PLAYERS
Authors
1
M. Weippert , C. Pohle, S. Kreuzfeld, A. Rieger, R. Stoll
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Rostock, Rostock, GERMANY,
University Of Rostock, Rostock,
3
4
GERMANY, University Of Rostock, Rostock, GERMANY, University Of Rostock,
5
Rostock, GERMANY, University Of Rostock, Rostock, GERMANY
Body
Introduction: Despite the great popularity of the handball game only few publications
on the physiological strain of handball players during competitive matches are
available. Aim of this study was an objectification of physiological strain during
amateur handball matches.
Methods: Subjects of investigation were 9 male experienced amateur handball players
(age: 22.8 ± 3.7 yrs, height: 183.3 ± 8 cm, weight: 81 ± 6.5 kg), engaged in regular
competitive handball. Heart rate during five regular matches was measured using a
breast belt system (Suunto Smart Belt, Suunto Finland). Blood lactate concentration
was measured after each half, substitutions and penalties (LactateScout, SensLab
Germany).
Results: Average active match time was 40.4 ± 11.8 min. The mean heart rate of all
field players during the matches was 162.1 ± 11.1 bpm, which corresponded to 85.1 ±
3.6 % of the individual maximal heart rate. The average concentration of blood lactate
measured immediately after the playing halfs and substitutions was 3.3 ± 1.8 mmol/l
with a maximum value of 11.9 mmol/l.
Conclusions: Compared to studies investigating elite handball players, average active
match time was about 30% longer. Average blood lactate concentration was lower,
which might be owed to the prolonged active time and/or implicating a lower
anaerobic capacity and/or volitive qualities. On the other hand, cardiac strain was
comparable to measurements obtained in elite handball players. In general it can be
concluded, that physiological strain of the amateur players during handball matches is
high. A high cardio-respiratory fitness is obligatory and may improve match
performance.
28
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: TRAINING, SPORTS EQUIPMENT, HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
EVALUATION OF TRAINING LOAD IN PROFESSIONAL HANDBALL PLAYERS USING
CREATINE KINASE AND HEART RATE VARIABILITY DATA
Authors
1
M. Weippert , S. Kreuzfeld, A. Rieger, K. Behrens, R. Stoll
Affiliations
1
2
University Of Rostock, Rostock, GERMANY,
University Of Rostock, Rostock,
3
4
GERMANY, University Of Rostock, Rostock, GERMANY, University Of Rostock,
5
Rostock, GERMANY, University Of Rostock, Rostock, GERMANY
Body
Aims: Aims of this study were firstly, to assess training load in elite handball players by
creatine kinase (CK) and secondly, to evaluate the potential of heart rate variability
(HRV) for the estimation of training loads in elite team athletes. Therefore the
association of the individual CK-level and HRV-measures at rest was investigated. We
hypothesized, that a greater HRV at morning rest – indicating an improved adaptability
and recovery state – is associated with a lower CK-level and vice versa.
Methods: Eight male elite handball players were examined during a regular handball
season in the morning hours one and three days after a competitive match,
respectively. Inter-beat intervals were recorded in a sitting position to calculate heart
rate (HR) and HRV (SDNN). CK was determined from capillary blood samples using a
spectrophotometrical device.
Results: Average CK-value was 325 ± 162 U/L, which is markedly increased above
reference values used in clinical practice (~200 U/L). The distribution of individual high
and low SDNN-values differed significantly for high and low muscular damage (p =
0.005), whereas HR was not different.
Conclusions: It is concluded that, firstly, muscular damage and activity during the
regular season do not indicate overreaching in the investigated handball athletes, as
CK-values fit well within reference limits of athletic population. Secondly, HRV at rest
has the potential to contribute to an individual estimation of training load, as the
results are in accordance with the hypothesis that a greater HRV at rest is associated
with an individually lower CK-level and vice versa.
POSTER SESSIONS
29 SEPTEMBER
Poster Sessions 29 September
Poster Session 1 • Chairmen:
J. Gielen (BELGIUM); G. Boni (ITALY)
Poster Session 2 • Chairmen:
C. Pecci (ITALY); M. Ripani (ITALY)
Poster Session 3 • Chairmen:
R. Cantore (ITALY); A. Marciano (ITALY)
Poster Session 4 • Chairmen:
A. Calligaris (ITALY); F. Santelli (ITALY)
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY ON THE BIOELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE PHASE
ANGLE (PH. A.) IN BREAST CANCER PATIENTS
Authors
1
1, 3
1
1, 3
1, 3
1, 3
V. De Luca , P. Borrione , E. Grazioli , E. Ciminelli , E. Guerra , F. Quaranta , C.
1
1, 2
1, 3
Cerulli , F. Desantis , A. Parisi
Affiliations
1
2
Health Sciences Department University Of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, ITALY, School
3
Of Specialization In Sport Medicine, Sapienza University Of Rome, Rome, ITALY,
Italian Federation Of Sport Medicine, Rome, ITALY
Body
Objective: Evaluate the effects of a resistance training protocol on Phase Angle (PhA) in
breast cancer survivors. Design and methods: 18 patients (mean age 49,3±10,1),
surgically treated for breast cancer with therapeutic treatment concluded at least six
month previously, volunteered to exercise 2 days/week for 6 months. At the beginning
the workload was 40% of 1RM and was progressively increased every month. The
training session was structured: 5 minutes warm-up; 2 exercises for leg extensor (leg
press and leg extension), 1 for knee flexors (leg curl), 2 for lower extremities
(adduction and abduction) and 2 exercises for upper body (shoulder press and vertical
traction); a final phase with stretching exercises. In order to evaluate the exercise
effect on PhA (PhA could represent an important tool for evaluating the clinical
outcome or for monitoring the disease progression and may be superior to other
serum or anthropometric nutritional indicators), all patients were tested for Body
Impedance Analyse (BIA) using a 3000 Handy DS Medica (50 kHz and 100 kHz). Total
Water (TBW), Intracellular Water (ICW), Extracellular Water (ECW), Free Fat Mass
(FFM), Fat Mass (FM), Basal Metabolism Rate (BMR) and Body Cell Mass (BCM) were
evaluated too. BIA was performed every fifteen days. Results: At the time of writing
results show an increase in PhA values (from 5,46±0,44 to 5,56±0,41 at 50 kHz and
from 5,39±0,45 to 5,48±0,48 at 100 kHz) and a decrease of FM from 28,47±4,9% to
27,08±4,4%. Conclusions: These findings seem to confirm that physical activity
improves PhA values.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
CLIMBING FOR ALL
Authors
1
2
3
P.V. Gigliotti , F. Coscia , A. Piratinskij
Affiliations
1
2
International Federation Sport Climbing, Bern, SWITZERLAND,
Sport Science
3
University, Perugia, ITALY, Ural State Technical University, Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA
Body
Introduction: The first natural human movement is floating and swimming. The second
is crawling on hands and knees. Climbing is a similar movement when the child can
stand upright. Swimming and climbing are sports that require an instinctive
movement; the others require different physical capacities in accordance with
auxology.
Aim :We propose a spontaneous and funny movement to disable people to give them
the opportunity to practice a sport for top level or for all, to improve the
relationship with their own environment (World Health Organization 2001)and to
decrease the risk of pathology related with sedentary life-style.
Materials and method: We monitored the athletes of world championships from
Ekaterinburg 2006 to Arco 2011, 15 women and 50 men from 12 countries (age 18-50)
with different types of physical disabilities (medical,blood examination,ECG,fitness
test).
Results: During six years all the athletes were in healthy conditions. Their fitness tests
were between fit and optimum. The integration of climbers and paraclimbers was very
good, also because the competition areas are the same. We achieved the maximum in
Arco 2011 (same areas and same moments).
Conclusions: Sport climbing is in the “short list” for Olympic Games 2020. The
International Federation manages climbing and paraclimbing. The number of
paraclimbers is increasing also in Youth and School competitions. We achieved a good
relationship between people with disability and their own environment. Many disable
people increased their work opportunity.
References:
1 Gigliotti,Coscia, Health Sport Environment
World Sport for All Jyvaskyla 2010
2 Piratinskij, Actual question of physical education and sport training
Ekaterimburg University 2011
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DISABILITY
Title
AEROBIC FITNESS PREDICTION IN ATHLETES WITH A LOCOMOTOR IMPAIRMENT
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1,2
M. Squeo , A. D Alessio , P.E. Adami , R. Lanzano , F. Parisi , M. Bernardi
Affiliations
1
2
Physiology And Pharmacology Dept., Sapienza, University Of Rome, Rome, ITALY,
Italian Paralympic Committee, Rome, ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE Aerobic Fitness (AF), quantified measuring oxygen uptake peak (V’O2peak)
during a graded maximal exercise test (GXT), is a key requisite of a successful
locomotor impaired athlete (LIA), in individual and team sports. AF depends on motor
function (MF) and hours of training per week (TH). We found a strict correlation
(R=0.92) between AF and the energy expenditure (MET). This study is aimed at
investigating the hypothesis that sport MET, has a main impact on AF. METHODS In 32
informed LIA (19 paraplegics, 9 amputees, 4 with poliomyelitis) competing in Fencing
(F) N=6, in Wheelchair Basketball (WB) N=13, in Wheelchair Tennis (WT) N=4, in Nordic
Skiing (NS) N=5 and in 1000 m Track Events (TE) N=5, VO2peak, MF and TH were
evaluated. V’O2peak was assessed during a GXT, MF was assessed based on the
International WB Federation classification scores (from 1 to 4.5, each 0.5). Athletes
answered a questionnaire to verify the amount of training hours per week. Based on
sVO2 we defined a value (sMET) specific of each sport (6 in FE, 7 in WT, 8 in WB, 10 in
TE, 11 in NS). A correlation matrix was created using age, body mass, height, body
mass index, relative exercise intensity (%sVO2/VO2peak), sMET, TH, MF and VO2peak.
A multiple regression analysis was used to build a model to predict V’O2peak based on
the correlation parameters: VO2peak = 6.07+2.47sMet +0.800TH+2.05MF. RESULTS
Prediction model was applied to a larger group of athletes (N=63) who underwent a
GXT. Loads were established using the following equation: P=0.06028* VO
2peak-4.829, in order to reach the peak value in approx 10 min. Mean VO2peak
measured during the GXT was equal to 39±9.2 ml*Kg-1 while the predicted value
through our equation was equal to 40±7.1 ml*Kg-1. CONCLUSIONS GXT is a key tool to
monitor the subject fitness status. Using the prediction formula we can establish the
VO2peak without the cardiopulmonary test and define the correct protocol to avoid an
early peripheral muscular fatigue.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
CARDIAC MODIFICATION DURING A CHAMPIONSHIP IN PROFESSIONAL SOCCER
PLAYERS
Authors
R. Maio, A. Ammendolia, S. Miceli, I. Carè, T. Iona, M. Quero, L. Greco, F. Perticone
Affiliations
1
University Of Catanzaro Magna Grecia Department Of Medical And Surgical Sciences,
Catanzaro, ITALY
Body
Atrial adaptations in a soccer players professional team were evaluated in the
beginning of the season (T0), after anaerobic work out (T1) and after the
aerobic/anaerobic work out (T2).
Twenty-four healthy athletes (21.7±5.4 y; 70.3±6.6 Kg) were enrolled. Anthropometric
data, BP and HR, left atrial volume indexed by body surface (AVI), mitral functional
area, atrial ejection force, wave peak A and E, left ventricular mass (LVM) according to
Devereux’s formula (LMVI) were evaluated.
In phase T1 we observed: an increase of systolic BP (25%; P=0.004) and of pulse
pressure (9%; P=0.003) versus phase T0; a significant increase of PWd (0.95+0.10 cm
T1 vs 0.88+0.11 cm T0; P=0,000) and IVSd (1.09±0.09 cm T1 vs 0.93±0.11 cm T0 vs;
P<0.000) and a not significant increase of the LVTDd, which determined an increase of
the LMVI (115.70±12.76 g/m2 T1 vs 101.29±13.98 g/m2 T0; P=0.0001) and of stroke
work +8% in T1 and +23% in T2, P=0.010. In T1 we noted a significant increase of the
AVI (35.27±10,88 ml/m2 T1 vs 28.08±6.36 ml/m2 T0 P=0.058), mitral functional area
(4.13+0.44 cm2 T1 vs 3.91+0.49 cm2 T0; P=0.001) and atrial ejection force +43%
(P=0.001). There was an apparent worsening of the diastolic function (E/A 1.90+0.41
T1 vs 2.27+0.42 T0; P<0.0001), determined by an increase tardive ventricular filling
(wave A, 0.47+0.08 m/sec T1 vs 0.41+0.06 m/sec T0; P=0.003). In T2 we noted an
improvement of the diastolic function.
The cardiac changes during an agonistic season are dynamic and strictly correlated to
the different training ways.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORK-OUT AND VASCULAR FUNCTION IN PROFESSIONAL
SOCCER PLAYERS
Authors
R. Maio, A. Ammendolia, S. Miceli, I. Carè, T. Iona, M. Quero, A. Pascale, F. Perticone
Affiliations
1
University Of Catanzaro Magna Grecia Department Of Medical And Surgical Sciences,
Catanzaro, ITALY
Body
To study the of some vascular parameters changes in different work-out modalities,
we evaluated the vascular adaptation in a professional soccer players team at the
beginning of the season (T0), after the predominantly anaerobic work out (T1) and
after the aerobic/anaerobic work out (T2).
Twenty-four healthy professional soccer players (age 21.7±5.4 y; weight 70.3±6.6 Kg)
were enrolled. Vascular function was evaluated by Pulse wave analysis (PWV), used to
generate a corresponding central waveform with a generalized transfer function and
RHI as measured with a semi-pletismographic method that, using the principle of
peripheral arterial tonometry. Brachial artery function as vascular strain (VS),
compliance (VC) and stiffness index β were evaluated too. A value of P<0.05 was
considered statistically significant and calculated with a standard statistical package.
In phase T1 we observed an increase of the systolic blood pressure (25%; P=0.004) and
of the pulse pressure (9%; P=0.003) versus phase T0 associated with the appearance of
vascular disfunction like demonstrated by the significant increase of the stiffness β
(0.35±0.13 T1 vs 0.26±0.08 T0; P=0.004), decrease of the VS (5.12+1.24% T1 vs
6.81+2.27% T0; P=0.044) and of the VC (46.4±12.5 mmHg -1/cm T1 vs 57.5±15.1
mmHg-1/cm T0; P=0.130). Always in phase T1 we noted, not significant, increase of the
PWV and a decrease of the RHI. In phase T2 we observed a return to the basal vascular
data.
These results demonstrate that in a professional sport team different training methods
induce different cardio-vascular adaptations, in particular the anaerobic/aerobic
work-out improves the vascular function.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
LUNG FUNCTION AND EXERCISE TEST IN ASTHMATIC CHILDREN: INFLUENCE OF
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Authors
1
S. Crudo , V. D'addio, I. Ernesti, C. Putotto, M. Unolt, G. Ragusa, C. Celani, G. Tancredi
Affiliations
1
Servizio Di Medicina Dello Sport. Dipartimento Di Pediatria E Neuropsichiatria
Infantile Sapienza Università Di Roma, Roma, ITALY
Body
Aim of the study. This study investigated the influence of physical activity levels on
lung function tests, exercise test and differences of preparticipation screening
(noncompetitive or competitive) in asthmatic children and controls. Methods. We
compared functional respiratory testing in 72 asthmatic children (mean age 11.4±2.6
years) and in 70 healthy subjects (mean age 12.5±2.5 years). Each group was divided in
2 subgroups using a physical activity level cut-off (< 2 or > 3 hours spent for week), that
way generating 4 study groups. We investigated type of preparticipation screening
(noncompetitive or competitive) and possible therapy. All subjects underwent a
maximal treadmill exercise test, determining maximal oxygen uptake by indirect
method, metabolic equivalents and exercise time, and performed spirometry pre and
post exercise. Results. No significant differences were found on spirometry between
asthmatic subjects and controls. Exercise testing showed, respectively for controls and
asthmatic subjects, metabolic equivalents 15.2±2.7; 13.0±2.7(p<0.0001); maximal
oxygen uptake 52.2±9.9; 44.6±8.7 ml/kg/min (p<0.0001); exercise time 12.1±2.2;
10.5±2.4 min(p<0.0001). Competitive screening preparticipation was performed in
45.7% of controls and 22.2% of asthmatic subjects, noncompetitive screening in 54.3%
of controls and 77.8% of asthmatic children(p<0.003). Conclusions. Physical activity
influence exercise parameters (exercise time, METS, VO2max) in asthmatic children.
An exercise prescription should be part of the treatment for all cases of asthma.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
HEART RATE RECOVERY IN HEALTHY CHILDREN: INFLUENCE OF AGE, BODY MASS INDEX
AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Authors
1
V. D'addio , S. Crudo, I. Ernesti, C. Putotto, M. Unolt, V. Martucci, G. Tancredi
Affiliations
1
Department Of Pediatrics, Sport Medicine, Sapienza University Of Rome, Rome, ITALY
Body
Heart rate recovery is predominantly modulated by reactivation of vagal tone; it has
been reported to be faster in children than in adults. Objective. To assess the
relationship between heart rate recovery and age in children and to evaluate the effect
of physical activity and Body Mass Index on heart rate response in the same subjects.
Methods. Heart rate recovery after cessation of a maximal treadmill exercise test
(Bruce protocol) was assessed in 142 healthy children (mean age 11.9±2.6 years) who
underwent an exercise test during their clinical evaluation, over 2 years period.
1-minute heart rate recovery was calculated for all subjects. Heart rate recovery
performance was analyzed depending on age, gender, physical activity level cut-off (<
or > 2 hours spent for week), Body Mass Index. Results. One-minute heart rate
recovery was correlated inversely with age (r: - 0.404; p<0.0001) and Body Mass Index
(r: - 0.381; p<0.001) in both boys and girls. The mean value of 1-minute heart rate
recovery was greater in boys (39.5±11.7) than in girls (32.0±10.5; p<0.001), but there
was no correlation with hours spent on physical activity per week. Conclusions.
One-minute heart rate recovery after exercise is attenuated with age in children and
slower in subjects with higher Body Mass Index. These data suggest that the greater
central cholinergic modulation of HR in children than in young adults may be
responsible in part for children's faster heart recovery after exercise; the body mass
index could affect central modulation of heart rate in children.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
SPINAL SHRINKAGE AND DEHYDRATION IN ELITE MALE JUNIOR FIELD HOCKEYPLAYERS
Authors
1
T. Devreker , T. Decraene, T. Mertens, M. Vercammen, Y. Vandenplas
Affiliations
1
2
Universitair Kinderziekenhuis, Brussel, BELGIUM, Universitair Kinderziekenhuis,
3
4
Koninklijke Belgische Hockey Bond, Brussel, BELGIUM,
Brussel, BELGIUM,
5
Universitair Ziekenhuis, Brussel, BELGIUM, Universitair Kinderziekenhuis, Brussel,
BELGIUM
Body
Spinal shrinkage is influenced by circadian variation and by the type and magnitude of
load. Unique requirements of field hockey include dribbling the ball and moving
quickly in a semi crouched posture
STUDY:
We analyzed a possible relation between spinal shrinkage and hydration status, water
loss and salt loss during exercise in twenty elite male junior hockey players, born in
1992 or 1993
METHODS:
All players were measured with a precision stadiometer by the same investigator.
Water loss was calculated by weight loss, urine loss and perspiration. Hydration
status was estimated by urinary osmolality.
RESULTS:
Mean length was before training 178.3 + 5.5 cm and was after training was 177.26 +
5.21 cm Shrinkage represented a mean of 0.58 + 0.51%.
Water loss during exercise represented 1.08 + 0.53 % ( 0.30 % - 2.60%). Sodium loss
was 33.50 + 26.06 mmol/training (4.79 - 85.95). Chloride loss was 35.30 + 33.03
mmol/training (4.26 - 127.84). Urinary osmolality was 868 + 170 mOsm/l (305 - 1028)
and 737 + 263 mOsm/l ( 315 - 1028 mOsm/l).
We did not find any correlation between spinal shrinkage and parameters of
hydration or salt loss.
DISCUSSION :
There is a considerable spinal shrinkage of 0.51 % during an intensive hockey
training. The peculiar postural requirements of field hockey cause physiological strain
and spinal loading in excess of orthodox motion. We could find no relation between
spinal shrinkage and hydration status before and after training, and between water,
sodium or chloride loss during training.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
EVALUATION OF HIP PAIN WITH ULTRASOUND GUIDED INJECTIONS
Authors
1
1
1
1
P. D'hemecourt , M. Yen , M. Kocher , A. Stacciolini
Affiliations
1
Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, USA
Body
Ultrasound guided injections into the hip joint and in the bursa may be helpful in
sorting out the diagnosis. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively review our
injections about the hip to see if they are helpful in making the diagnosis of hip pain.
Our secondary goal is to determine how sensitive and specific the exam maneuvers are
for detecting labral tears and psoas bursitis.
Methods: Thirty three charts of patients receiving hip intra articular and/or psoas
bursa injections were reviewed. The clinical signs were noted pre and post injections
by visual analogue scales.
Results:
Number of psoas distinctly =12
⋅
Number of psoas dx with positive passive hip flexion (PHF) better with PI= 7 (58%)
⋅
Number of psoas dx with positive Scour’s better with PI=7 (58%)
⋅
Number of psoas dx with positive Impingement better with PI=11 (91.6%)
⋅
Number of psoas dx with positive Stinchfield better with PI=6 (50%)
⋅
Number of psoas dx with positive extension and internal rotation (EIR) better
with PI=7 (58%)
⋅
Number of IA distinctly=12
⋅
Number of IA dx with positive PHF better with IA=12 (100%)
⋅
Number of IA dx with positive Scour’s better with IA=8 (66%)
⋅
Number of IA dx with positive Impingement better with IA=12 (100%)
⋅
Number of injections separately into both the hip joint and psoas bursa and
sequentially scored=6
⋅
Number that dual injections clearly made the distinction=4
Conclusion: The data would suggest that ultrasound guided injections can help in
determining the etiology of hip pain. I is also suggested that the provocative tests for
both psoas and hip labral tears have a lot of crossover. The impingement test is highly
sensitive but very non specific.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
SONOELASTOSONOGRAPHY IN ACHILLES CALCANEAL PLANTAR AXIS DISEASE
Authors
1
2
3
4
S. Giannini , E.R. Faloni , A. Parrella , M.L. Iocca , E.P. Assako Ondo
Affiliations
1
2
3
Villa Stuart Sport Clinic, Rome, ITALY, Villa Stuart Sport Clinic, Rome, ITALY, Villa
4
5
Stuart Sport Clinic, Rome, ITALY, Villa Stuart Sport Clinic, Rome, ITALY, Villa Stuart
Sport Clinic, Rome, ITALY
Body
Real-time sonoelastography is a new ultrasound-based technique able to assess tissue
elasticity. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of real-time
sonoelastography in depicting the Achilles tendons and the plantar fascia in healthy
volunteers and in painful athletes to compare sonoelastography findings with usual
conventional ultrasound findings.
After the first diagnostic ultrasound and comparative study of the feet, the study is
completed using sonoelastography and the images were evaluated by reviewers using
an experimentally
proven color grading system (blue as hard and red as soft, trough green-yellow color).
In patients healthy, the Achilles tendons and plantar fascia showed mainly a hard
structured pattern on sonoelastography (blue-green color).
In painful athletes in heel region, distinct softening (red color) corresponding to the
macroscopically alterations found on normal ultrasound study (thickening and
ipoecogenicity).
We found also a distinct softening (red color) also in normal ultrasound appearance
tendons dut painfully.
This suggests a subclinical changes in tendons structure that the normal study may not
view even if macroscopically change happens (tendinosis).
Sonoelastography of achilles calcaneal plantar axis disease may able to find a
preclinical macroscopically changes of tendons in painful athletes but is well related
with the ultrasonography imaging when the change are happened .
More investigation should be performed to prove the value of real-time
sonoelastography
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
THE PATTERN OF SELECTED CORE MUSCLES ACTIVITY DURING OVERGROUND AND
TREADMILL WALKING USING SURFACE ELECTROMYOGRAPHY
Authors
1
1
2
1
R. Mazaheri , G. Radmehr , M.A. Sanjari , M.A. Mansournia
Affiliations
1
Sports Medicine Research Center, School Of Medicine, Tehran University Of Medical
2
Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Tehran, IRAN, Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty Of
Rehabilitation, Tehran University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Aim: Given the biomechanical differences between overground and treadmill walking
[1, 2], it’s expected that muscle activity pattern be also different. So exercise training in
each of these two modes may have various loads on muscles. The aim of the study was
to survey differences between the patterns of core muscles contraction in these
situations.
Methods: Nineteen healthy male were selected via simple sampling. After initial
examination, they were asked to walk with self-selected speed overground. The same
pace set on treadmill while surface electromyography of core muscles recorded. To
specify each phase of gait cycle, foot switch was placed under heel and toe. The
analysis of difference was done by wilcoxon test.
Results: The time of core muscles contraction on treadmill and overground based on
the percentage of activation in each gait cycle weren’t statistically different. Muscle
activity amplitude in millivolt was as follows; Rectus Abdominis (Ground=3(1.6),
Treadmill=4.1(5.1),
Pvalue=0.005),
External
Oblique
(Ground=6.5(1.9),
Treadmill=8.2(5), Pvalue=0.136), Longissimus (Ground=10.2(4.8), Treadmill=14.5(10.4),
Pvalue=0.018) and Multifidus (Ground=11.4(7.6), Treadmill=17(7.9), Pvalue=0.044).
Conclusions: The timing of muscle activity is similar in both environments and core
muscles are active in most parts of the gait cycle. It seems that stabilizing role of core
muscles causes them to be active throughout the entire gait. Greater amplitude of
core muscles contraction on treadmill could mean that more motor units may be
involved during contraction and there is a greater load on the muscles. This can be
helpful in prescribing the proper mode of exercise for patients who have core muscle
weakness.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
COMPARISON OF THE STATIC AND DYNAMIC JOINT STABILITY OF ATHLETES FROM
DIFFERENT SPORTS
Authors
1
2
1
1
T. Mintál , B. Molics , E. Szebeni , Á. Horváth
Affiliations
1
2
Dept. Of Sport Medicine, University Pécs, Pécs, HUNGARY, Dept. Of Physiotherapy,
University Pécs, Pécs, HUNGARY
Body
Objective:
There is a strong relationship between the ability to maintain balance and the
incidence of knee and ankle injuries. The sensorimotor system can be effectively
trained and the risk of sport injuries can be reduced. Therefore, we assessed the
athletes’ ability to maintain balance, involved in different types of hobby or
professional sport activities.
Design and methods:
We used Bretz-stabilometer to measure joint stability. Members of professional league
men’s and women’s basketball team, women’s handball and men’s swim team
participated in the study. Students of our University represented the group of hobby
athletes. The data were analyzed with either ANOVA or unpaired Student’s t-test,
using SPSS 19 software package.
Results:
We found no significant differences in the results of the different ball game players.
However, there is a significant difference comparing the professional and hobby
athletes’ joint stability. Although both groups consisted of professional athletes, a
significant difference was found between the ball game players and swimmers; the
swimmer’s results were found closer to hobby athletes’.
Discussion:
Based on these results, the professional ball players’ performance was found to be the
best, however, these athletes are subjected to the highest level of strain. Since
professional athletes form an easily defined target group, it is considerable to focus on
their primary prevention. In case of hobby athletes the secondary prevention is
suggested, since this population usually gets involved after suffering sport injuries. For
professional swimmers, an additional sport activity should be selected, providing
necessary safety for this secondary sport activity.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
PAINFUL OS PERONEUM SYNDROME PRESENTING AS LATERAL PLANTAR FOOT PAIN –
A CASE REPORT
Authors
1
S. Oh
Affiliations
1
Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA
Body
The accessory ossicles are common findings in foot radiography, sometimes causing
painful conditions. Os peroneum is an ossicle within the substance of peroneus longus
tendon near the cuboid bone, rarely causing painful lateral foot pain. We report a case
of 69-year-old female who suffered from lateral plantar foot pain for a month. Through
physical examination, radiography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance image, she was
diagnosed as painful os peroneum syndrome with os peroneum fracture and peroneus
longus tenosynovitis. She was referred to an orthopaedic surgeon and underwent an
operation. This article is aimed to emphasize that painful os peroneum syndrome
should be included in the differential diagnosis of lateral plantar foot pain and to
review the anatomy and pathophysiology of os peroneum.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS IN JUDOISTS BODY DURING FALLS
Authors
1
1
T. Piucco , S.G. Santos
Affiliations
1
Universidade Federal De Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, BRAZIL
Body
According to Mansfield and Griffin (2000), mechanical impacts comprise vibration
levels dangerous to the human organism. Transient vibrations containing different
frequencies components occur frequently during judo throws when the athlete hit the
ground, in a variety of different throw techniques. When resonance occurs, the
vibration energy is absorbed throw the body, attenuated by the tissues and organs,
what increase the destructive power of vibration. This study aimed to analyze the
power density (PSD) spectrum of vibrations generated in different body portions of
different weight categories judoists during falls. Four black belt judoist, with at least 14
years of experience, participated in this study: three uke (one half-lightweight, one
half-middleweight and one half-heavyweight category) were thrown by a tori with 77
kg (half-middleweight category) performing ippon-seoi-nage technique. A triaxial
Brüel-Kjaer accelerometer was alternately fastened with straps on the uke wrist, hip
and ankle, and 10 throws were performed for each joint analyzed. Descriptive
statistics, ANOVA one way and Tukey test were applied, with p<0,05. The PSD analysis
showed that the greater energy concentration was establish between 17.57-31.25 Hz
on wrist, 1.95-9.76 Hz on hip, and 25.39-50.78 Hz on ankle. The local vibrations found
in this study contain the resonance frequencies of the specific body tissues and organs
investigated, cited in literature, what can be extremely dangerous to the judoist
organism during long term exposure.
MANSFIELD, N. J.; GRIFFIN, M. J. Non-linearities in apparent mass and transmissibility
during exposure to whole-body vertical vibration. Journal of Biomechanics, v. 33, n 8,
2000.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
ATHLETIC PUBALGIA. EVALUATION AND TREATMENT IN 1450 CASES.
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
O. Santilli , N. Nardelli , J. Batista , H. Santilli , R. Maestu
Affiliations
1
Trinidad San Isidro, San Isidro, ARGENTINA
Body
Objective:
Chronic groin pain is an athletes frequent complain as they have to stop sport activity
for a long period of time.
The main causes of chronic groin pain are adductor longus tendinopathy, trasversalis
fascia disruption or ¨sport hernia¨, femoroacetabular impingement syndrome and
labral tears. According to current hypothesis, these injuries would be caused by
imbalances predisposing functional on a structure.
The aim of this paper is the systematic result of a multidisciplinary working group in
athletes with athletic pubalgia.
Design and Methods:
Retrospective analysis of 1450 patients in our specializing sports medicine center, in
the period 2004-2011. The patients were studied systematically by physical therapist,
orthopedic surgeons, abdominal wall surgeons and ultrasound medical specialist.
Results:
Of the 1450 patients evaluated the ultrasound was the method of choice for
confirming suspected lesions. Tendinopathies, which occurred in 802 patients (55,3%)
were treated initially with physical therapy successfully in 738 (92%) cases, 14 patients
required treatment with complete tenotomy of adductors (2%). Sports hernias were
diagnosed 592 (40,8%). All of them underwent preperitoneal transabdominal
laparoscopic hernioplasty. Ninety six percent returned to sports within 30 days of
surgery. Labral pathology was found as the main cause in 56 (3,8%) patients.
Conclusions:
Tendinopathies, sports hernia and labral pathology represent the most common
causes of chronic groin pain in athletes.
The multidisciplinary evaluation is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
MECHANICAL IMPACTS IN JUDOISTS BODY DURING FALLS
Authors
1
1
S. Santos , T. Piucco
Affiliations
1
Universidade Federal De Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, BRAZIL
Body
Although the agreement in literature that mechanical impacts comprise vibration
levels dangerous to the organism, there are no criteria that elucidate the limits and the
risks of human exposure to transient vibrations during sports performance. Transient
vibrations occur frequently in judokas during damping falls (ukemi) of different throw
techniques. This study aimed to analyze the mechanicals impacts produced in different
body regions of judoists during judo falls cushioning. Four black belt judoist of different
categories, with at least 14 years of experience, participated in this study: three ukes
(one half-light, one half-middle and one half-heavy) were thrown by a tori with 77 kg
(half-middleweight) performing ippon-seoi-nage technique. A triaxial Brüel-Kjaer
accelerometer was alternately fastened with straps on the uke wrist, hip and ankle.
Descriptive statistics, ANOVA one way and Tukey test were applied, with p<0.05. The
greater impact magnitudes occurred on the vertical axis on the wrist (351 g) and ankle
(242 g), both for the half-middleweight athlete; the impact duration was larger (0.6s)
on the hip for all athletes on the vertical axis. According to Macaulay criterion, the
impact values founded represents severe injury risks on wrist and ankle regions and
moderate injury risk on judoists hip. On the other hand, this criterion does not
mention the number of impact events that the body can withstand during a specified
period of time, neither the minimum interval required between impact repetitions.
Consequently, initiatives should be taken to reduce chronic damages due to impact
during judo training and competitions.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
AUTONOMIC RECOVERY FOLLOWING BRIEF HIGH-INTENSITY INTERMITTENT EXERCISE
IN OBESE ADULTS
Authors
1
1
1
1
Q. Shi , J. Nie , K.W. Lei , U.H. Cheang
Affiliations
1
School Of Physical Education And Sports, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao,
MACAU
Body
Low-volume high-intensity intermittent training has been shown to produce
substantial improvements in aerobic exercise capacity and glycemic homeostasis. Thus,
this novel time-efficient training paradigm has been suggested to use as a strategy to
reduce metabolic risk factors in sedentary populations. However, the risk of sudden
death is higher during intensive exercise (Albert et al. 2000). Thus, assessment of the
cardiovascular and autonomic nervous system responses to this type of exercise is
necessary to facilitate informed exercise prescriptions. Eleven obese sedentary adults
(age: 25.3 ±4.8yr; BMI: 32.4 ± 3.9) performed a low-volume high-intensity intermittent
exercise bout consisted of four 'all-out' 30-s Wingate tests with 4 min of recovery. The
beat-to-beat heart rate was recorded, and thus the autonomic nervous activity was
assessed pre-exercise, immediately post-exercise and at 30-min intervals thereafter
within 180 min. Identical measures were obtained in a non-exercise condition,
separated by one week, based on a randomized crossover design. Exercise resulted in
decreased high-frequency component, increased low-frequency component, and
consequently an increase in the ratio of low-frequency to high-frequency component
compared with the non-exercise condition or pre-exercise. The effect lasted for up to
60 min post-exercise. We concluded that autonomic balance is shifted to a greater
sympathetic and less parasympathetic activation following such exercise. These results
indicate that supramaximal exercise poses significant stress to the autonomic nervous
system and that the risk of cardiac events may be increased during recovery of such
exercise, especially in at-risk populations.
Reference
Albert,C.M. N Engl J Med. 2000; 343:1355-61
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE ISOENZYME BB - MARKER OF MYOCARDIAL STUNNING IN
WATER POLO PLAYERS
Authors
1
2
1
3
4
V. Slavic , B. Kamenov , M. Delic , S. Bukilica , M. Cirkovic
Affiliations
1
2
3
Institute Dr Simo Milosevic, Igalo, MONTENEGRO, Pediatric Clinic, Nis, SERBIA,
4
Private Health Facility, Meljine, MONTENEGRO, Military Medical Academy, Beograd,
SERBIA
Body
Background: In the past years several studies have suggested myocardial damage after
extreme exercise due to increased post exercise levels of cardiac markers which return
to baseline levels within 24 hours. Recently, emphasizes the importance of the process
labeled as myocardial “stunning” caused by ischemia or coronary vasospasm which is
transient in nature and does not result in necrosis and permanent cellular damage.
This study was performed to test if this extremely strenuous sport is hazardous to
cardiovascular health of adolescent male water polo players. In order to perform this
we measured serum concentration of the early marker of myocardial ischemia
glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme BB (GP-BB).
Methods: Total of 20 water polo players was studied. They were randomly divided in
two groups: exercise group and non-exercise served as a control group. GP-BB
concentration was measured at the following time points: baseline, 1, 30 and 60
minutes by ELISA technique.
Results: Increased GP-BB concentration had 40% of water polo players in 1 and 30
minutes post exercise, but only 10% one hour later. Obtained concentration 1 and 30
minutes following exercise significantly positively correlated (r=0.895;p<0.001) as well
as concentrations at 30 and 60 minutes (r=0.697; p<0.03).
Conclusion: Glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme BB could be a good marker of
myocardial stunning caused by ischemia or coronary vasospasm which is transient in
nature and does not result in necrosis and permanent cellular damage in water polo
players.
Key words: glycogen phosphorylase BB, water polo, myocardial stunning
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
INFLUENCE OF INERVAL TRAINING ON LEVELS OF LEPTIN AND HORMONES AFFECTING
LIPID MEATBOLISM IN YOUNG OVERWEIGHT MEN
Authors
1
2
R. Soori , N. Rezaeian
Affiliations
1
Department Of Exercise Physiology, Faculty Of Sports And Exercise Sciences,
2
University Of Tehran, Tehran, IRAN, Department Of Exercise Physiology, Faculty Of
Sports And Exercise Sciences, University Of Tehran, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Introduction: Interval training is described as repeated bouts of high-intensity exercise
of variable length interspersed with recovery periods (light exercise or rest) (1). This
study examined the influence of interval training on serum levels of leptin, cortisol,
testosterone, growth hormone and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) in young
overweight men.
Materials and Methods: 18 sedentary overweight men (BMI=31.2 3.33 Kg/m2, mean
aged 20.3) in two experimental and control groups participated in 16 weeks of
moderate to high intensity interval training (8-10 × 4 minutes sets of running at
60-90% of Reserve Heart Rate and 2 minutes rest interval at 40-50% of Reserve Heart
Rate), three days per week. Serum levels of leptin, cortisol, testosterone, insulin,
growth hormone and HOMA-IR, were measured before and 48 hours after last training
session.
Results: Interval training resulted in decreases in levels of leptin (P=0.007) and
anthropometric indices (P<0.05); and testosterone and cortisol levels increased
following interval training (P<0/05). However, any significant correlation did not exist
between pre and post training levels of leptin and none of anthropometric indices
assessed (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Moderate to high intensity interval training induces fat loss by increasing
exercise and post training fat oxidation and decreasing appetite via facilitating the
release of corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF), a potent anorectic peptide (1).
Decreases in body fat stores and improvement of adipocyte function modulate leptin
secretion, insulin resistance and inflammation.
Keywords: Interval Training, Leptin, Cortisol, Testosterone, Obesity
References
1.Boutcher SH. High-Intensity Intermittent Exercise and Fat Loss. J Obesity 2011;
2011:868305.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
POST-OPERATIVE PSYCHIATRIC ASSESSMENT OF ATHLETES WITH ANTERIOR CRUCIATE
LIGAMENT INJURY
Authors
M.M. Celebi, B. Baskak, H. Devrimci Ozguven, E. Atalar, B. Ulkar, T. Saka, E. Ergen
Affiliations
1
Ankara University Faculty Of Medicine Department Of Sports Medicine, Ankara,
2
TURKEY, Ankara University Faculty Of Medicine Department Of Psychiatry, Ankara,
3
TURKEY, Ataturk Education And Research Hospital Of Chest Diseases And Surgery,
4
Ankara, TURKEY, Erciyes University Faculty Of Medicine Department Of Sports
Medicine, Kayseri, TURKEY
Body
Although commonly disregarded, psychiatric symptoms are thought to be a crucial
predictor of rehabilitation outcome. We aimed to evaluate and follow the depression
and anxiety symptoms and explore any relationship with functional improvement in
postoperative Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury patients.
38 (35 male, 3 female) postoperative ACL injury patients participated in this study who
admitted to Sports Medicine Department for postoperative rehabilitation program. All
the patients were evaluated twice by Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale (LKSS) and Hospital
Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) at; the admission and the end of the 6th week of
rehabilitation, respectively.
The change in total LKSS scores from the time of admission (56.4±20.2) to the end of
the 6th week (78.7±13.8) were significant (t=-8.21, P<0.001). Neither the
HADS-depression nor the HADS-anxiety scores were above the cut off values in the two
assessments. Nevertheless we found a significant difference in HADS-anxiety scores
between the time of admission (6.21±3.50) and at 6th week (5.33±3.33) (t=2.02,
P=0.05). However, HADS-depression scores were not statistically different between the
two evaluations (5.95±3.68 and 5.35±3.50 at admission and the 6th week respectively,
t=1.07, P=0,29). The amount of change between the two LKSS and HADS-anxiety
assessments were negatively correlated (r=-0.49, P=0.002).
Contrary to what we expected, the subjects were not at risk for depression or anxiety
both on admission time and at 6th week of rehabilitation. However, the anxiety
symptoms declined during rehabilitation which was correlated with the functional
improvement. Effective rehabilitation program without additional psychiatric care
alleviates mild levels of anxiety.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
EFFECTS OF A PLATELET GEL ON EARLY GRAFT REVASCULARIZATION AND KNEE
STABILITY AFTER ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION
Authors
MD, PhD
MD
, R. Kelc
M. Vogrin
Affiliations
1
University Clinical Center Maribor, Department For Orthopaedic Surgery, Maribor,
SLOVENIA
Body
Long rehabilitation after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction
represents big problem for mainly due to a slow process of ligamentization. The
purpose of the study was to determine if the use of platelet gel (PG) accelerates graft
revascularisation after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, and whether it
has any morphological and clinical relevance for the operation outcome.
Platelet gel was produced from the platelet rich plasma (PRPin a standard procedure.
Fifty patients were included, 25 treated with PRP and 25 in a control group. We
quantitatively evaluated the process of revascularization in the zone of the
osteoligamentous interface in the bone tunnels and in the intra-articular part of the
graft. Contrast enhanced MRI studies were carried out at 4-6, 10-12 and 25-27 weeks
post-surgery.
Patients treated with PG demonstrated a significantly higher level of vascularization in
the osteoligamentous interface at the first control. At the second control, the level of
vascularisation decreased in the PG group and increased in the control group. In the
intra-articular part of the graft we found minimal levels of revascularization but no
differences among the groups. At third control the level of vascularisation decreased in
both groups. The amount of new sclerotic bone formation was significantly higher in
group treated with PRP as well as the anteroposterior knee stability.
The PG enhances early revascularization of the graft in the zone of the
osteoligamentous interface after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
Enhancement of this early postoperative biological process is demonstrated in late
morphological and clinical manifestations.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
THE VESTIBULAR CHALLENGE IN ICE SPORTS
Authors
1
2
3
1
D. Alpini , D. Tornese , M. Botta , V. Mattei
Affiliations
1
2
Scientific Institute S. Maria Nascente Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Milan, ITALY,
Scientific Institute Galeazzi Orthopedics Institute Center For Sports Rehabilitation,
3
Milan, ITALY, Medical Committee Ice Sports Italian Federation, Rome, ITALY
Body
Ice sports requires a particular combination of postural control of the body and
visual control of the environment in order to optimize dynamic equilibrium control at
high velocity on a slippery surface. Tthe objective is to investigate the Vestibular
System (VS) controls posture, dynamic head stabilization and dynamic visual field
stabilization ice athletes.
VS control on posture and head stabilization was investigated in ice hockey players
comparing elite hockey players with amateur players through 3 tests: posturographic
sensory organization test, head-to-trunk stabilization during stance and stepping .
The effect of specialized trainings on postural control adaptation as happens in ballet
group dancers, was investigated through posturography in 18 Senior synchronized
skaters, a form of figure skating in which a team skate together, from the Italian
National Skating Team comparing them with a control group of physically fit
individuals not specialized in balance training.
Vestibule-ocular reflexes involved in visual field stabilization were investigated in 25
athletes from the Italian National Figure Skating Team ( 8 dancers, 13 singles and 4
pairs) by bitemporal DC-coupled electro-oculography.
Both Postural control and Vestibule-ocular adaptation were investigated also under
the point of view of the age and further 23 athletes from the Junior Italian National
Figure Skating Team were investigated: 17 synchro; 8 dancers, 15 singles.
Results support the idea that ice-sports, under VS point of view,
are strongly
adaptative and mainly disclipine-dependent
rather than age-dependent. In
particular, we state that vestibular adaptation represents a “dynamic internal
model” of movement control.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: ATHLETE CARE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Title
THE STRENGTH EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERNAL TIBIAL ROTATION AFTER THE USE OF
HAMSTRING TENDONS FOR ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION
Authors
1
2
3
4
Y. Yildiz , A. Ada , I. Yanmis , T. Aydin
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Sports Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty,, Ankara, TURKEY,
3
Department Of Sports Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty,, Ankara, TURKEY,
4
Department Of Orthopedics, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty,, Ankara, TURKEY,
Department Of Sports Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty,, Ankara, TURKEY
Body
OBJECTIVE
The strength effectiveness of the muscle strength is very important to stabilization
during motion. The effectiveness of the muscle strength parameters is determined as
measurement of the peak torque/body weight ratio, the time to peak torque, and time
peak torque held. The aim of this study was to evaluate the strength effectiveness of
internal tibial rotation after the use of semitendinosus and gracilis tendons for anterior
cruciate ligament reconstruction.
DESIGN AND METHOD
15 recreational athletes with unilateral anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, at
least one years previously, participated in this study, aged between 25 and 40 years
(mean age 34±6 years). In an attempt to minimize unwanted subtalar joint motion,
subjects were immobilized using an ankle brace. Participants were tested at angular
velocities of 60 deg/sec and 180 deg/sec at knee flexion angle of 90 degrees.
RESULTS
The peak torque/body weight ratio, the time to peak torque, and time peak torque
held measurements for internal tibial rotation of the operative limb and non operative
limb were found to be 0.2±0.06 Nm, 0.2±0.08 Nm; 0.5±0.1 second, 0.4±0.04 second;
0.02±0.01 second, 0.04±0.02 second at 60 deg/sec and 0.16±0.06 Nm, 0.2±0.06 Nm;
0.3±0.07 second, 0.25±0.04 second; 0.01±0.005 second, 0.02±0.014 second at 180
deg/sec respectively. The strength effectiveness parameters for internal tibial rotation
of the operative limb at 60 and 180 deg/sec were statistically different compared to
the non-operated limb p<0.01)
CONCLUSIONS
This study has shown that the strength effectiveness of internal tibial rotation is
weaker after the use of semitendinosus and gracilis tendons for anterior cruciate
ligament reconstruction.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
CARDIOVASCULAR PROTECTION INDUCED BY DAILY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN HIV+
SUBJECTS
Authors
1
1
1
1
2
1
P. Adami , A. D'alessio , M.R. Squeo , R. Lanzano , G. D'ettorre , M. Bernardi
Affiliations
1
2
Physiology And Pharmacology Dept., Sapienza, University Of Rome, Rome, ITALY,
Infectious Diseases Dept., Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza, University Of Rome, Rome,
ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is an independent
cardiovascular (CV) risk factor that can be reduced by regular physical activity (PA).
Exercise is sought as a tool to minimize the disability associated with HIV disease,
combat side effects from highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), improve
strength, endurance, body composition and psychological status. The study, carried
out on a population of physically active HIV+ subjects with no AIDS symptoms, aims at
evaluating the effects of regular PA on CV risk associated with HIV infection. METHODS
Thirty-three HIV+ subjects were evaluated during the past 12 months to assess their
health status and progression of infection. The visit included an interview with daily
and physical activity collection (3 day diary), lean and fat body mass (FBM) evaluation
through skinfold measurement (Jackson-Pollock method), rest energy expenditure
(REE) measurement (COSMED FitMate Med, Rome, Italy) and Rockport Fitness Walking
Test. Moreover, subject underwent a dietary evaluation with daily energy intake
measurement and a check for the progress of the disease. RESULTS Among the
subjects two groups were formed with same age and sex, considering the CD4+ count
with a cut-off of 500 as a clinical biomarker. Age was equal to 43±8,3 in subjects with a
high lymphocyte CD4+ count (HL) and 49±10,5 in those with a low count (LL). Daily REE
was equal to 77,8±34,55 Kjoule·kg in HL and 95,7±30,81 Kjoule·kg in LL. DEE was
146±35,6 Kjoule·kg and 144±28,2 Kjoule·kg in HL and LL respectively. VO2peak was
34,9±7,48 ml·kg·min-1 in HL and 36,1±6,99 ml·kg·min-1 in LL. FBM% was 17±5,4% and
17±6,3 in HL and LL respectively. CONCLUSIONS Despite the progression of the disease
no significant differences are shown between the two groups confirming that physical
activity can minimize the disability associated with the infection. The CV risk can
therefore be reduced by an increase in VO2peak and energy expenditure.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
UNDERWATER WALKING ON NON-MOTORIZED TREADMILL AS A 'FITNESS TOOL' FOR
BOTH HEALTY AND FRAILTY SUBJECTS
Authors
1
1
2
3
1
1
P. Benelli , F. Colasanti , A. Cuesta , M. Ditroilo , M. Gervasi , F. Lucertini
Affiliations
1
Dipartimento Di Scienze Biomolecolari, Sezione Scienze Motorie E Della Salute,
2
Università Degli Studi Di Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino, ITALY, Department Of Physical
3
Therapy, School Of Medicine, University Of Málaga, Málaga, SPAIN, Department Of
Sport, Health & Exercise Science, Faculty Of Science, University Of Hull, Hull, UNITED
KINGDOM
Body
Underwater walking on non-motorized treadmill is one of the most popular aquatic
fitness activity, but little data is available about its metabolic demands.
15 healthy women (age 43±3.7y, height 1.64±0.05m, weight 54±6.6kg, BMI
22.1±2.3kg/m-2, fat mass 25.4±3.4%) performed an incremental underwater walking
exercise (100, 110, 120, 130 step per minute) on a non-motorized treadmill (Aqquatix
S.r.l., Limena, Italy) at 2 different water heights (iliac crest - xiphoid process). Water
heights and exercise intensities were chosen according to the most used among this
fitness classes. A dry-land incremental exercise test to exhaustion was also performed
on a motorized treadmill. Breath-by-breath oxygen consumption (V'O2) and heart rate
(HR) were recorded continuously throughout both the underwater and the dry-land
exercises. Compared to dry-land maximal V'O2 and maximal HR, underwater V'O2 and
HR ranged from 64% to 85% and from 71% to 90%, respectively. Both relative intensity
ranges fall within the 'moderate' or 'vigorous' intensity described in the current
guidelines of the American College of Sports Medicine. Same ranges are also advised to
the population in order to improve physical fitness status by several internationally
recognized organization in the field of exercise sciences. Water is a 'low impact'
environment of exercise providing non-weight-bearing conditions that makes exercise
suitable for both pathologic and healthy subjects. This indubitable advantage plus
the results obtained in this study provide the evidence for prescribing underwater
walking exercise on non-motorized treadmills to both healthy and frailty subjects that
could benefit exercising at moderate to vigorous intensities.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
INTENSE EXERCISE REGIMEN IN ISLET TRASPLANT RECIPIENT MIGHT PROLONG GRAFT
FUNCTION DESPITE PROGRESSIVE INSULIN RESISTANCE.
Authors
1,2
1
1,2
1
2
1
V. Delmonte , E.M.L. Peixoto , L. Luzi , C. Ricordi , A. Veicsteinas , R. Alejandro
Affiliations
1
2
Diabetes Research Institute, Miami, USA, Università Degli Studi, Milano, ITALY
Body
In this case report we evaluate the effect of exercise on islet function and insulin
resistance in a 46 years old islet transplant recipient under intense exercise regimen
(fireman + voluntary exercise).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective evaluation using exercise reports, body
composition, Mixed Meal Tolerance Test, HOMA score and triglycerides was done.
RESULTS: Subject received three islet infusions at 10/2001, 11/2001 and 05/2003.
He remained off insulin for 470 days after 2nd infusion and 1722 days after 3rd. During
follow up physical activity was more than 6h/day including job and voluntary exercise.
The estimated energy expenditure was 5033±155Kcal/day. Body composition,
immunosuppressive and triglyceride remained stable. In 2002, 2006, 2011 the
Stimulation index was 0.59±0.04, 0.73±0.06 (P<0.5) and 0.65±0.05(NS).
C-peptide/glucose ratio was 1.2±0.2, 1.9±1.2 and 1.36±0.3 (NS). HbA1c was 6.1±0.2,
6.2±.3 and 6.9±0.1 (P<0.05). In 2006 and 2011 HOMA%IR was 0.9±0.2 and 3.8±0.6
(P<0.05), HOMA%S was 116±27 and 26±4 (P<0.05), HOMA%β was 616±73 and
565±134(NS).
CONCLUSION: Despite stable graft function, active life style and athletic body
composition, the insulin resistance has increased. This might be a consequence of
progressive undetectable loss of graft function and/or direct side effect of the
immunosuppression therapy. The benefits of exercise cannot be discarded, since the
prolonged graft survival (9 years), insulin independence(5 years) and current low dose
of insulin(12u/day) were probably achieved by the combination of the treatment +
healthy habits. However exercise in this case, was not able to prevent completely the
progressive insulin resistance. Insights about the mechanism responsible for
progression of insulin resistance are needed.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN ELDERLY
Authors
1
M. Henriques
Affiliations
1
Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte - Department Of Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation, Lisboa, PORTUGAL
Body
Objective: To identify the minimum levels of physical activity recommended for the
elderly with the purpose of obtaining health benefits on a preventive point of view.
Design and Method: Review and integration of the latest recommendations issued by
multinational entities of recognized value in the physical activity field.
Results: To ensure good standards of health, the elderly must maintain a physically
active lifestyle. The physical activity should develop four skills: endurance (30 minutes
of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, 5 days/week, or 20 minutes of high intensity
aerobic activity, 3 days/week), strength (activities that maintain or increase strength
and endurance, 2 days/week), flexibility (exercises that maintain or increase flexibility,
2 days/week) and balance (activities that maintain or increase the balance, 2
days/week).
Conclusions: The benefits of being physically active far outweigh any negative aspect
that may arise. As a growing segment of the population where the prevalence of
physical inactivity is high, promoting an active lifestyle among the elderly is very
important.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
REAL-TIME VISUALIZATION OF ULTRASONOGRAPHY GUIDED CUBITAL TUNNEL
INJECTION: A CADAVERIC STUDY
Authors
1
H. Oh
Affiliations
1
St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA
Body
Objective: To describe a ultrasonography-guided technique for cubital tunnel injection.
Design & Method: In the 12 elbows from 6 adult cadavers, ulnar nerves were scanned,
and the cross-sectional areas of the ulnar nerves, cubital tunnel inlets and outlets were
measured by using ultrasonography. All the elbows were dissected after
ultrasonography-guided dye injection at the inlet of the cubital tunnel. The dissectors
evaluated the spread of dye and the coloration of the nerve and remeasured the
cross-sectional areas of the cubital tunnel inlets and outlets.
Results: After real-time visualization of ultrasonography-guided injection, the ulnar
nerves were seperated from the medial groove for the ulnar nerve. All the ulnar nerves
of the cadavers were successfully colored with the dye, from inlet to oulet of the
cubital tunnel. The post-injection cross-sectional areas were significantly larger than
the pre-injection cross-sectional areas. No significant differences were detected in the
post-injection cross-sectional areas of the cubital tunnel outlet and the ulnar nerve
compared with that of pre-injection.
Conclusions: Clinicians should consider real-time visualization of ultrasonography for
guided injection around the ulnar nerve at the inlet of the cubital tunnel.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
THE EFFECT OF AEROBIC EXERCISE ON BODY FAT COMPONENTS AND RESPIRATORY
PARAMETERS OF MEN WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME
Authors
1
2
3
4
S. Ibis , S. Hazar , A. Keskin , Z. Degirmencioglu
Affiliations
1
2
Phsical Education And Sport, Nigde, TURKEY, Phsical Education And Sport, Nigde,
3
4
TURKEY, Phsical Education And Sport, Nigde, TURKEY, The State Hospital, Nigde,
TURKEY
Body
Background: With its multiple components, metabolic syndrome is a serious problem
that adversely affects the quality of life. Exercise programs have proven to be quite
effective alternatives to drug treatments with regard to preventive medicine.
Objective: We investigated the effects of personal exercises that do not require a
professional using body fat components and respiratory parameters and OMNI scale.
Methods: Adult 12 males performed aerobic exercise with an intensity ranging
between easy and somewhat hard on OMNI scale for 12 weeks. Body fat components
parameters, including weight, BMI, FAT %, free fat mass, visceral fat rate and
respiratory parameters including Fev1, Fvc, Pef1, Mvv, VC levels before and after
exercise were recorded. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test were used to examine the
relationships between parameters in dependent groups.
Results: There were significant differences in all body fat components parameters
except free fat mass (p<0.01). Respiratory parameters showed similar significant
changes (p<0.01).
Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome is a result of modern day and presents itself with
problems that are costly and difficult to correct. Exercise programs serve not only as
alternatives to treatment with medications but also as part of preventive medicine.
The results of this study suggest that the most significant handicaps of such programs,
namely the need for a professional instructor or trainer and the perceived exertion
issue, can be overcome by using the OMNI scale. Performing the most comfortable
personal exercise program for him/herself will enable the person to get rid of improve
the quality of life.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PRESCRIPTION IN MENOPAUSE
Authors
1
2
3
4
5
6
M. Ilardi , C. Conti Puorger , A. Grossi , S. Lello , R. Lista , R. Manno
Affiliations
1
2
Sport Medicine Specialist, Rome, ITALY, Gynecology And Obstetrics Specialist, Rome,
3
ITALY, U.o.c. Endocrinology And Diabetology, Bambino Gesù Hospital, I.r.c.c.s., Rome,
4
Gynecological Endocrinology, Pathophysiology Of Menopause And
ITALY,
5
6
Osteoporosis, Idi-irccs, Rome, ITALY, U.o.s.d.sports Medicine Rm E, Rome, ITALY,
Imss Antonio Venerando Coni Servizi, Rome, ITALY
Body
Worldwide the woman median age at menopause is 50yy. Although for many women
menopause is asymptomatic, many others experience symptoms that considerably
affect their quality of life. Nowadays, in Western countries, women who reach
menopause have a life expectancy of nearly 30 more years, with a high probability of
developing various chronic diseases. Among the endocrino-metabolic changes
occurring in menopause, insulin resistance is one of the most relevant. Regular
physical exercise has been shown to be an essential milestone in insulin resistance
treatment and weight control. Furthermore, there are clear scientific evidences
proving the benefit of regular physical activity on both the primary and secondary
prevention of many diseases. Even if menopausal women are individuals in the peak of
their active life (work, household chores, care of family), physicians and women need
to clearly understand that menopause represents the moment to change lifestyle.
Exercise has to be considered as a medicine in menopause and it has to be prescribed
exactly as a therapy, with indications, contraindications, dosage and administration,
warning and precautions, risk of over dosage, and monitoring of compliance. This
important and indispensable goal can be achieved with a coalition of different experts
and a differentiate plan of action. A workgroup of several specialists has been created
with the objectives to increase knowledge about the effect of physical activity in
menopause, to instruct physicians about the prescription of exercise and to inform
population about the benefits of physical activity in order to counteract the
endocrine-metabolic changes due to menopause.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
COURSE OF TREATMENT AFTER SUBLUXATIO TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT
Authors
1
2
S. Kevic , S. Gutman
Affiliations
1
Clinical Centre Vojvodina, Novi Sad, SERBIA
Body
OBJECTIVE :The aim of the study is to show the complex structure of
temporomandibular joint, to show one of the reasons which might cause TM
disfunction as well as to show the possibilities and outcome of the physical therapy
that can reduce the subjective symptoms and improve functional status.
MATERIAL/METHODS:Case study:
Patient, 25 years old, suffered from TM joint subluxation, during the basketball training
got hit in hos jaw by the elbow of his teammate.
After diagnosis, treatment implied the reposition, immobilization of joint for 48 hours,
pureed food through a straw and application of physical proceedings afterwards and
local infiltration of glucocorticoids.
During the 6 months period of treatment we observed the following parameters: pain
by VAS (0-10cm). Size of maximal mouth opening was measured in cm (the distance
between the upper and lower teeth) for 4 weeks. The quality of chewing was observed
every 4 weeks at the control examination of the patient by the answers to the given
questions, the ability of chewing the soft, semisolid and solid food.
RESULTS : After 6 months of treatment pain in the joint at the phase of rest was
significantly reduced (p<0,025), there was no statistically significant reduction in pain
when chewing, the size of maximal mouth opening was increased (p<0.002), while
analyzing the answers to the solid food chewing ability was no statistically significant
improvement.
CONCLUSION: The physicl activities have been limited by the pain intensity thus
affecting sport activites.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
DO HEALTHY BEHAVIORS IMPROVE ARTERIAL STIFFNESS?
Authors
1
1
1
M. Kim , H. Park , S. Choi
Affiliations
1
Division Of Cardiology, Department Of Internal Medicine, Healthcare System
Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hos, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA
Body
Background: Healthy behaviors including non-smoking, healthy alcohol consumption,
and regular exercise were known to be able to slow down the progression of
atherosclerosis. We designed a study to prove the effect of healthy behaviors on the
development of atherosclerosis, represented with the ‘cardio-ankle vascular stiffness
index (CAVI)’, which is a well-known marker of atherosclerosis.
Methods: Target population consisted of 45-59 years old men, who don’t have
documented diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, or any other vascular diseases
including stroke, coronary artery disease, and peripheral artery disease. We analyzed
the correlation between the mean CAVI and the healthy behavior score. Healthy
behavior score was defined as a sum of the following three component: 1) non-smoker
or ex-smoker = 1, current smoker = 0; 2) don’t drink alcohol, or drink less than twice in
a week = 1, drink more than twice a week = 0; 3) exercise more than 120 minutes a
week regularly = 1, exercise less than 120 minutes a week = 0.
Results: 111 men were included in the analysis. Mean CAVI was correlated with the
healthy behavior score negatively (Spearman’s rho = -0.210, p = 0.027). In the
non-smokers and healthy drinkers, subjects who exercise regularly had lower mean
CAVI than the subjects who don’t exercise (p = 0.031).
Conclusion: Higher healthy behavior score seem to correlate with lower CAVI, which
means less stiff artery. Non-smoking, healthy drinking, and regular exercise can help
slow down the development of atherosclerosis even in apparently healthy subjects.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
ENERGY EXPENDITURE DURING TRAINING SESSION WITH PILATES EXERCISES IN OBESE
PRE-DIABETIC WOMEN*.
Authors
1
2
2
2
3
1
1
M. Massidda , G. Satta , G. Steri , S. Santus , A. Loviselli , G. Attene , L. Cugusi
Affiliations
1
University Of Cagliari And Hygiene And Public Health Service, Asl8 Cagliari, Cagliari,
2
3
ITALY, Hygiene And Public Health Service, Asl8 Cagliari, Cagliari, ITALY, Obesity
Centre, A.o.u., Cagliari, ITALY
Body
AIM OF THE STUDY. To estimate the energy expenditure (EE) and the intensity of
physical activity (PA) during different phases of a training session (TS) in a group of
deconditioned obese pre-diabetic individuals.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. A sample of 10 obese (class 1) pre-diabetic women
(56.3±6.7 years; Body Mass Index, 33.1±2.0 kg/m2) completed the acute training
protocol (TP) as follows: 20 minutes (min) of walking (W) activity (50%HRmax), 7 min
of flexibility exercise (FE) and 15 min of Pilates Circuit Training (PCT) on mat. The PCT
was composed by 10 sets of Pilates exercises (3 static and 7 dynamic sets performed
for 15 seconds) separated by 1 min of W (30%HRmax). The EE (kcal) and the intensity
of PA (METs) were estimated during the different phases using the SenseWear Pro
Armband (SWA).
RESULTS. The total EE was 291.2±75.4 kcal and the intensity of PA during the TS ranged
from light (2 to 3 METs) for FE to vigorous (6 to 9 METs) for W. The PA during the PCT
phase was moderate for 87% of its time, while the W activity was vigorous for the 37%
of its time. Among all the TS phases, the W (20.5±0.5 min; 5.6±0.8 METs; 153.8±45.7
kcal) and the PCT (15.1 min; 4.1±0.6 METs; 84.9±25.1 kcal) showed the highest MET
and EE values.
CONCLUSION. The adopted TP with Pilates exercises seems to be adequate to produce
good training load, in line with the ACSM’s Guideline.
* Project “Movimento è Vita” financed by PPR Sardegna 2010-12.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
ACUTE EFFECTS OF A COMMUNITY EXERCISE SESSION ON BLOOD PRESSURE OF
YOUNG ADULT WOMEN
Authors
1
2
1
1
1
R. Mendes , J. Moutinho , C. Abrantes , V. Reis , N. Sousa
Affiliations
1
University Of Trás-os-montes And Alto Douro; Cidesd - Research Center In Sports,
2
Health Sciences And Human Development, Vila Real, PORTUGAL, University Of
Trás-os-montes And Alto Douro, Vila Real, PORTUGAL
Body
Objective
This study aimed to determine the acute effects of a community exercise session on
blood pressure of young adult women.
Design and method
Study´s sample comprised 23 women (age 31,57 ± 7,87 years; body mass index 23,35 ±
4,67 kg/m²; waist circumference 80,26 ± 8,16 cm; clinical systolic blood pressure
109,23 ± 12,02 mmHg; clinical diastolic blood pressure 71,21 ± 9,82 mmHg) that
underwent in two experimental conditions (exercise and control) with a subsequent
blood pressure monitoring for 30 minutes divided in 3 periods of 10 minutes. The
exercise session has taken 50 minutes and comprised 4 phases: warm up (5 minutes),
cardiovascular (30 minutes), muscular strength and endurance (10 minutes) and cool
down / flexibility (5 minutes).
Results
A Student’s t test for paired samples identified significant differences in variation of
systolic blood pressure from baseline and 10 (-10,83 ± 9,25 vs. -2,61 ± 11,06 mmHg),
20 (-11,26 ± 9,05 vs. -3,04 ± 11,25 mmHg) and 30 (-10,87 ± 9,02 vs. -0,48 ± 13,50
mmHg) minutes of recovery, between the two experimental conditions (exercise and
control).
Conclusions
The results of this study suggest that a community exercise session that combines
various forms of exercise in order to improve several aspects of physical fitness, was
effective in acutely reduce resting blood pressure levels in normotensive young adult
women. This type of exercise sessions seem to have sufficient intensity to trigger
benefits in cardiovascular health and its regular practice may have an important role in
the prevention of hypertension and in health promotion.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
AMBULATORY BLOOD PRESSURE AFTER AEROBIC EXERCISE: A PILOT STUDY IN
INSTITUTIONALIZED AND SEDENTARY ELDERLY
Authors
1
1
1
1
2
R. Mendes , N. Sousa , J. Sampaio , V. Reis , J. Oliveira
Affiliations
1
University Of Trás-os-montes And Alto Douro; Cidesd - Research Center In Sports,
2
Health Sciences And Human Development, Vila Real, PORTUGAL, University Of Porto;
Faculty Of Sport; Ciafel - Research Center In Physical Activity, Health And Leisure,
Porto, PORTUGAL
Body
Objective
This study aimed to determine the acute effect of a single session of aerobic exercise
on ambulatory blood pressure in institutionalized and sedentary elderly.
Design and method
Eight elderly males, institutionalized and sedentary, were selected to undergo two
ambulatory blood pressure monitoring for a period of 8h. One of the monitoring was
accomplished after a session of aerobic exercise and the other after a control session
of rest. Exercise session was constituted by two periods of 10 minutes of walking on
treadmill at moderate intensity (40 to 59% of heart rate reserve). These two periods
were interspersed with 5 minutes recovery, preceded by a 5-minute specific warm-up
and followed by a cool down of 5 minutes, on a total of 35 minutes per session.
Results
Significant differences were not found in the values of systolic blood pressure (118 ±
10 vs. 119 ± 13 mmHg), diastolic blood pressure (73 ± 6 vs. 73 ± 8 mmHg) and mean
arterial pressure (88 ± 6 vs. 88 ± 9 mmHg) during the 8 hours of ambulatory
recording between the two experimental conditions (control vs. exercise). The analysis
of individual data revealed a great variability in ambulatory blood pressure response to
an aerobic exercise session.
Conclusions
Aerobic exercise can be safely applied in institutionalized and sedentary elderly.
However, a single session of exercise was not effective to induce a decrease in
ambulatory blood pressure values of normotensive subjects. There seems to be an
individual variability in ambulatory blood pressure response to a single bout of aerobic
exercise.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN WITH JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS
Authors
1
1
1
M. Monteiro , D. Queiroga , A.L. Costa
Affiliations
1
Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande Do Norte, Natal, BRAZIL
Body
AIMS: The main aim was to review scientific reports on juvenile idiopathic arthritis
involving physical activity/exercise as a tool for preventing/ treating symptoms of the
disease. The main questions were: what are the type of physical activities and
characteristics of respective programs for JIA? Are there differences on type of physical
activities intervention outcomes?
DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a systematic review approach, we searched on the main
international libraries (Journals Ovid Full Text, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science,
Springer Link, JAMA, Wiley Online Library, SportDiscus and Medline) using the
“juvenile idiopathic arthritis” combined with “physical activity” and/ or “physical
exercise” terms, between 2001 and 2011. Abstracts were visually scanned searching
for interventional studies.
RESULTS: From the 422 found articles, only 17 attended the selection criterion. Aquatic
fitness, aerobic-anaerobic training, resistance and power, and internet-based program
were the main activities. All studies reported efficiency of their intervention programs,
but most of them were individualized and emphasized only one type of activity.
CONCLUSIONS: Although it seems that any kind of physical activity may contribute to
improve disease outcomes, we discuss these results and advocate that physical
activities for children with JIA must be multilateral, aiming inclusive for psychosocial
benefits. Keeping appropriate specificity such as low impact games and safety
measure, children with JIA must be, as much as possible, included in regular physical
education (PE). This may be possible if lessons are planned on the basis of Adapted
Physical Activities principles.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES FOR OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE CHILDREN: THE RELATIONSHIP
BETWEEN PSYCHOSOCIAL BENEFITS AND CHANGES ON OBESOGENIC HABITS
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
M. Monteiro , A.C. Teixeira , E. Silva , K. Da Costa , P.V. Pereira , T. Aggeo , R.
1
1
Andrade , A. Souza
Affiliations
1
Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande Do Norte, Natal, BRAZIL
Body
Aims: We aimed to test a motor activities program for overweight and obese children
based on their preferences and needs. The program goal was to raise their health
related quality of life based on active living rather than weight control.
Design and methods: Eleven overweight, 8-16 years old children were involved in a
motor activity program planned according to their preferences and choices of motor
activities, combined with some other activities based on negotiation of our
suggestions. One hour long physical education sessions occurred twice a week,
including sports, indoor and outdoor recreational games, dance, as well as monthly
meetings. Health related quality of life variables, using parents as a proxy, were the
outcomes measures, but BMI and other anthropometric measures were also
calculated. This is a longitudinal study.
Results: Partial results indicated that parents reported relevant improvement on
variables such as general health, participation, emotional and motor functioning as
well as on autonomy. Changes on BMI were not significant.
Conclusions: We discuss key impacts of a well oriented physical activity program on
quality of life. We argue that this may be a sustaining factor for short and long term
changes on obesogenic habits. Also that for child health and development weight
control may contribute to improve disease outcomes but should not be the focus of
programs. Improvement on the design includes a randomised control trial, increasing
the sample, following up drop off cases, including a quality of life instrument for
children.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC TORQUE IN COPD PATIENTS
Authors
1
1
2
1
3
1
1
N. Rinaldo , G. Coratella , R. Depedri , C. Milanese , A. Rossi , F. Schena , M. Lanza
Affiliations
1
Department Of Neurological, Neuropsychological, Morphological And Movement
2
Sciences, University Of Verona, Verona, ITALY, Faculty Of Exercise And Sport Science,
3
Cardiovascular And Thoracic Deparment,
University Of Verona, Verona, ITALY,
Pneumology, Ulss 20, Verona, ITALY
Body
Objective
It has been shown that skeletal muscle strength of COPD patients is reduced and
eccentric contraction resulted greater compared to control subjects, when normalized
for lean body mass. The aim of the study is to access if eccentric and concentric peaks
torque are correlated with disease severity.
Design and method
Thirty-four males with COPD (mean FEV1=66.9±19.1% of predicted and
FEV1/FVC=55.4±14.1% of predicted, age 66.35±4.6 years, lean body mass at DXA
55.54±9.55 Kg) performed an isokinetic concentric and eccentric torque of the knee
extensors on dynamometer at 30 and 210 deg/s. Pearson coefficient was used to
detect correlation between independent and dependent variables.
Results
Both concentric and eccentric peak torque at 30 deg/s were correlated with FEV1
(0.470 p<0.01; 0.391 p<0.05) and FEV1/FVC (0.518 p<0.01; 0.424 p<0.05). Same results
were observed at 210 deg/s: both concentric and eccentric peak torque were
correlated with FEV1 (0.380 p<0.05 and 0.391 p<0.05) and FEV1/FVC (0.409 p<0.05
and 0.360 p<0.05). The ratio between eccentric and concentric peak torque was
significantly correlated with FEV1 (-0.366 p<0.05) and FEV1/FVC (-0.436 p<0.05).
Conclusions
Our results confirm that muscle strength in COPD is correlated with severity disease
both in concentric and eccentric torque at different angular velocities. Moreover, the
eccentric peak torque showed less decrease than concentric one. Eccentric contraction
is characterized by unique neural mechanisms, involving fast twitch motor units. Also,
it has been shown that COPD hypoxemic condition leads fiber type shift towards fast
twitch fibers. In conclusion, COPD patients seem to develop favorable profile to
minimize strength loss.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PROMOTING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN OLDER MALAYS WITH DIABETES: A RANDOMIZED
CONTROLLED TRIAL
Authors
1
2
1
S. Sazlina , C. Browning , S. Yasin
Affiliations
1
Monash University Sunway Campus, Jeffrey Cheah School Of Medicine And Health
2
Sciences, Bandar Sunway, MALAYSIA, Monash University, School Of Primary Health
Care, Notting Hill, AUSTRALIA
Body
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of personalized feedback on
physical activity pattern alone or together with peer support in promoting and
maintaining physical activity.
Designs and methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted among sedentary
adults aged 60 years and above with type 2 diabetes attending a primary health care
clinic in Malaysia. A total of 69 participants were randomly allocated into 3 groups (23
in each group) for a 12-week intervention with a follow-up at 24 and 36 weeks to
assess adherence. Group 1 is the control receiving usual care. Group 2 received
personalized feedback on physical activity pattern and usual care. The participants in
Group 3 received usual care, personalized feedback and peer support. A peer mentor
has diabetes and provided social support to the participants. The primary outcome is
pedometer-determined physical activity. The cardio respitory fitness, balance,
glycosylated hemoglobin, cardiovascular risk factors, health related quality of life,
general well-being, social support, and self-efficacy for exercise are the secondary
measures.
Results: At enrollment, there were no difference between the three groups except
feedback group had higher cardio respiratory fitness than the controls. Preliminary
results showed intervention groups had higher levels of physical activity than the
control group.
Conclusion: The outcomes of this study will be used to inform the development of
physical activity interventions for older people in primary care and community
settings.
Trial registration: ISRCTN71447000
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
PHYSICAL TRAINING IMPROVES SURVIVAL RATE IN SEPSIS BY MODULATING HOST
RESPONSE AND ATTENUATING RENAL TUBULAR INJURY
Authors
1
1
2
3
4
5
M. Sossdorf , S. Meyer , K. Dahlke , A. Schrepper , C. Bockmeyer , A. Lupp , M.
6
7
1
8
Kiehntopf , J. Roedel , R.A. Claus , G.P. Otto
Affiliations
1
Center For Sepsis Control And Care, Department Of Anesthesiology And Intensive
2
Department Of Experimental
Care, Jena University Hospital, Jena, GERMANY,
Radiology, Institute For Diagnostic And Interventional Radiology, Jena University
3
Hospital, Jena, GERMANY, Department Of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Jena University
4
Institute Of Pathology, Hannover Medical School,
Hospital, Jena, GERMANY,
5
Hannover, GERMANY, Department Of Pharmacology And Toxicology, Jena University
6
Hospital, Jena, GERMANY, Institute Of Clinical Chemistry And Laboratory Diagnostics,
7
Centralized Diagnostic Laboratory Services, Jena University, Jena, GERMANY, Institute
8
Of Medical Microbiology, Jena University Hospital, Jena, GERMANY, Department For
Internal Medicine Iii, Jena University Hospital, Jena, GERMANY
Body
Objective - Physical training is strongly associated with wide-ranging health benefits as well as
overall reduced risk in all-cause mortality. This indicates that training-induced physiological
adaptations may also influence the host response and outcome in severe infectious diseases.
Therefore, we investigated the effect of 6 weeks endurance training on the host response and
mortality rate in an experimental model of polymicrobial sepsis in mice.
Design and Methods - C57BL/6N mice were either trained for 6 weeks on a motorized treadmill
and by voluntary wheel running or housed normally. Polymicrobial sepsis was induced by
intraperitoneal injection of a human faeces suspension. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was
performed for up to 192 hours. Blood and organ samples from mice were collected at baseline
and after sepsis induction. To investigate the host response during sepsis we used different
methods and we measured several parameters for example cytokines, oxidative stress markers,
and bacterial organ load as well as plasma metabolic changes. Organ morphology and damage
was characterized by immunohistological staining.
Results - Physical training improved the survival rate in sepsis. Cytokine concentrations and
several parameters reflecting organ damage were reduced in trained mice. Renal tubular injury
was attenuated in trained compared to untrained mice. Metabolomic measurements revealed
different inflammatory metabolic clusters between both groups.
Conclusions - Physical training improves survival rate after severe infection by modulating the
inflammatory response and attenuating the severity of organ injury in sepsis. These observations
offer prospects for further research on the relationship between physical performance and
outcome in severe infectious diseases.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
IMPACT OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE ON LIPID PROFILE AND ENDOTHELIAL FUNCTION AT
OBESE SUBJECTS
Authors
1
2
3
1
3
M. Vasilescu , A. Ionescu , G. Cosma , O. Neamtu , R. Dumitru
Affiliations
1
Kinesiology And Sports Medicine Department, University Of Craiova, Craiova,
2
3
ROMANIA, University Of Medicine Carol Davila, Bucharest, ROMANIA, Physical
Education And Sports Department, University Of Craiova, Craiova, ROMANIA
Body
The aim of our study was to research the effect of physical exercise intervention on
lipid profile and arterial stiffness at young subjects diagnosed with obesity. Material
and Methods. This research has been developed during 24 weeks and included 30
subjects with obesity (BMI=33±2.1), aged between 20-23 years (22±2.4years).
Following the medical screening to rule out any conditions that might have precluded
their participation, all subjects provided written informed consent. The subjects were
instructed to maintain their accustomed dietary habits throughout the research. All
subjects performed three daily sessions of maximal exercise (10 minutes of exercise, at
85-100%MHR intensity). Each exercise session was preceded by 3 minutes of warm up
at 60-70% MRH. Results. After 25 weeks, the parameters value have shown significant
improvements for all anthropometric and biochemical results. The statistical
significance of parameters variation was: p=0.001 for the body weight, p=0.01 for
body mass index, p=0.05 for waist circumference. P value was <0.001 for serum total
cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and <0.05 for serum triglycerides. All
investigated parameters showed significant evolution of arterial stiffness: p<0.05 for
Diastolic Blood Pressure, Pulse Wave Velocity in the aorta and Systolic Blood Pressure
in central aorta from emerging; p<0,001 for Augmentation Index and Systolic Blood
Pressure. Conclusion. The results confirm that there is a major effect of daily multiple
session of maximal exercise on lipid profile and arterial stiffness at obese subjects.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: DISEASE PREVENTION AND THERAPY: THE PRESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
Title
SITE SPECIFIC RESISTANCE TRAINING CAN INCREASE BALP, TALP AND SEMI-DYNAMIC
BALANCE IN OSTEOPOROTIC WOMEN
Authors
1
G. Torkaman , N. Rezaei, S. Movasseghe, M. Hedayati, N. Bayat
Affiliations
1
2
Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IRAN, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran,
3
4
IRAN, Theran University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN, Shahid Beheshti
5
University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN, Baqiyatallah University Of Medical
Sciences, Tehran, IRAN
Body
Object: Aging caused the decrease of the number and cross-sectional area of both type
I and especially type II muscle fibers. So the loss of stimulation by postural muscles,
may lead to bone loss, decrease of balance, and limitation of daily activities and quality
of life. The current investigation was done to determine the effect of short-term site
specific resistance training to promote bone formation and semi- dynamic balance in
postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (OP).
Design and Method: Twenty two volunteer postmenopausal women with OP were
randomly divided into two groups: resistance training (RT), and control. RT consisted of
18 sessions of performing trunk, upper and lower body resistance exercises that
progressed during 6 weeks from 50% to 85% 1RM. Body composition, bone-specific
alkaline phosphatase (BALP), total alkaline phosphatase (tALP), and semi-dynamic
balance (total stability index, TSI) were measured before and after the 6-week exercise
program.
Results: Fat mass decreased significantly (p=0.00) but fat-free mass changes was not
significant in RT versus control group. BALP and tALP increased significantly in RT
group. After 6 weeks of RT, TSI improved significantly in the exercise group.
Conclusion: Results showed that the resistive exercise program stimulates bone
synthesis and improving balance status on semi-dynamic condition in postmenopausal
women with OP but, it seems that 6 week of doing RT is not enough for altering the
fat-free mass.
Key words: postmenopausal osteoporosis; resistance training; BALP; total ALP;
semi-dynamic Balance.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: GENETIC IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
QUERCETIN SUPPLEMENTATION HAMPERS BRAIN SIRT1 EXPRESSION INDUCED BY
EXERCISE
Authors
1
2
3
3
R. Casuso , E. Martínez-lópez , D. Camiletti-moirón , V. Aparicio , R.
4
1
1
Martínez-romero , F. Hita-contreras , A. Martínez-amat
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Health Sciences, University Of Jaén, Jaén, SPAIN, Department Of
3
Music, Plastical Expression And Body Language, University Of Jaén, Jaén, SPAIN,
Department Of Physiology, School Of Pharmacy And Institute Of Nutrition And Food
4
Technology, University Of Granada, Granada, SPAIN, Department Of Experimental
Biology, University Of Jaén, Jaén, SPAIN
Body
Introduction: In times of energy demand, when there is an increase in NAD+/NADH
ratio, SIRT1 expression is activated. SIRT1 protects against neurodegeneration and
induces neurogenesis. Flavonoid quercetin increases SIRT1 expression in brain. We
aimed to analyze the effect of quercetin on SIRT1 mRNA expression in the brain of
trained rats.
Methods: Three-weeks-old male rats were classified as: quercetin+training (n=9),
placebo+training (n=8), quercetin+sedentary (n=8), placebo+sedentary (n=8). Exercise
was conducted 5 days a week for 6 weeks in a rodent treadmill at a constant speed of
44cm/s with a 10% inclination. The first two days rats were ran during 20 minutes per
day. Resistance training duration was increased by 5 min every two days. Until last
week animals were required to run for a full 80min. Quercetin (25mg/kg on
alternative days) was administered via gavage diluted in methylcellulose, placebo
groups were also daily handled but they received only methylcellulose. Forty-eight
hours after any exercise brain was removed and SIRT1 gene expression (RT-PCR) was
performed.
Results: Sedentary quercetin groups increased SIRT1 brain expression (P<0.001).
However, trained quercetin groups showed that this flavonoid diminished SIRT1
expression (P<0.01). Placebo trained groups showed an increase in SIRT1 (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Quercetin supplementation hampers training-induced SIRT1 expression in
brain. These results could be due to the antioxidant effect of quercetin. Antioxidants
are known to decrease PGC-1α, the main SIRT1 downstream target. Future research
must focus on quercetin effects on neurodegenerative diseases and the role of
exercise.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: GENETIC IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE
Title
QUERCETIN SUPPLEMENTATION HAMPERS BRAIN PGC-1<ALPHA> EXPRESSION
INDUCED BY EXERCISE
Authors
1
2
3
3
R. Casuso , E. Martínez-lópez , D. Camiletti-moirón , V. Aparicio , R.
4
1
1
Martínez-romero , F. Hita-contreras , A. Martínez-amat
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Health Sciences, University Of Jaén, Jaén, SPAIN, Department Of
3
Music, Plastical Expression And Body Language, University Of Jaén, Jaén, SPAIN,
Department Of Physiology, School Of Pharmacy And Institute Of Nutrition And Food
4
Technology, University Of Granada, Granada, SPAIN, Department Of Experimental
Biology, University Of Jaén, Jaén, SPAIN
Body
Introduction: PGC-1α is a transcriptional coactivator, which has been shown to be a
master regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis and cellular energy metabolism.
Flavonoid quercetin increases PGC-1α and mitochondrial biogenesis in brain. We
aimed to analyze the effect of quercetin supplementation during training on brain
PGC-1α mRNA expression.
Methods: Three-weeks-old male rats were classified as: quercetin+training (n=9),
placebo+training (n=8), quercetin+sedentary (n=8), placebo+sedentary (n=8). Exercise
was conducted 5 days a week for 6 weeks in a rodent treadmill at a constant speed of
44cm/s with a 10% inclination. The first two days rats were ran during 20 minutes per
day. Resistance training duration was increased by 5 min every two days. Until last
week animals were required to run for a full 80min. Quercetin (25mg/kg on
alternative days) was administered via gavage diluted in methylcellulose, placebo
groups were also daily handled but they received only methylcellulose. Forty-eight
hours after any exercise brain was removed and PGC-1α gene expression (RT-PCR) was
performed.
Results: PGC-1α brain expression was increased in sedentary quercetin groups
(P=0.030). However, trained groups showed that quercetin diminished PGC-1α
expression (P=0.008). PGC-1α was increased in placebo-trained groups (P=0.012).
Conclusion: Quercetin supplementation hampers training-induced PGC-1α expression
in brain. Results could be due to the affinity of quercetin for brain tissue where may
exert its antioxidant effect. Antioxidants are known to decrease exercise-induced
muscle mitochondria biogenesis.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
CHANGES OVER IMPAIRMENT OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS IN OLDER PEOPLE
DIAGNOSED WITH ALZHEIMER'S DEMENTIA WHO RECEIVED A SPECIFIC PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY PROGRAM
Authors
1
2
3
D. Bartolomé De La Rosa , S. Sarmiento Montesdeoca , Y. Henríquez Del Pino , L.
4
5
6
Álvarez Piñera , D. Rodríguez Ruíz , J.M. García Manso
Affiliations
1
2
European University Of Madrid, Madrid, SPAIN, University Of Las Palmas De Gran
3
Canaria, Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, SPAIN, Alzheimer Canarias Association, Las
4
Palmas De Gran Canaria, SPAIN, Alzheimer Canarias Association, Las Palmas De Gran
5
Canaria, SPAIN, University Of Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, Las Palmas De Gran
6
Canaria, SPAIN, University Of Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, Las Palmas De Gran
Canaria, SPAIN
Body
People with Alzheimer dementia suffer a decline over their cognitive functions. This
study evaluated changes over impairment of cognitive functions in older people with
Alzheimer's dementia who received a specific physical activity program. Were
evaluated 24 older people (21 women & 3 men) diagnosed with Alzheimer´s dementia
(Mini Mental State Examination score: 15,88 ± 4,98), divided into an experimental
group (9 women & 3 men, aged: 73,25 ± 6,66 years old) and a control group (12
women, aged: 82,50 ± 4,06 years old). Experimental group participated in a specific
physical activity program and cognitive stimulation activities during 4 months, 5 days
per week and in sessions of 50 minutes each one. At the same time, control group did
not specific physical activity program but received cognitive stimulation. Mini Mental
State Evaluation test evaluated impairment of cognitive functions at three different
times, pre-intervention, post-intervention and post-intervention II (2 months later), for
both groups. Statistics significant differences were found between post-intervention
and post-intervention II (p=0,001; effect size: 0,48), and between pre-intervention y
post-intervention II in experimental group (p=0,026; effect size: 0,42). We suggest
physical activity can slow the impairment of cognitive functions in people with
Alzheimer dementia.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
BMI TREND IN A COHORT OF CHILD BETWEEN 8 TO 13 YEARS OLD
Authors
1
S. Bartoletti , V. Cupertino
Affiliations
1
2
Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale, Cosenza, ITALY,
Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale,
Cosenza, ITALY
Body
The aim of this study is to follow the trend of BMI in a cohort of child between 8 to 14
years of age.
Survey has been performed in 04/05, 08/09, and 09/10 academic years: 576 child
(257F, 319M, 8 years and 5 months mean age); 523 (234F, 289M, 12 years and 5
months mean age); and 401 (169F, 232M, 13 years and 6 months mean age). Weight,
height, and BMI calculation have been assessed. Data have been processed by
statistical package SPSS.
The ponderal excess is decreased: 39.8% (22.9%
overweight,16.8% obese) at 8 year old (yo); 37.4% (27.1%
overweight,10.3% obese) at 12yo; 37.5% (27.1% overweight, 10.3% obese)
at 13yo. Obesity decreasing is observed more in females (15.9%, 6.8%,
and 3.6) than males (17.5%, 13.1%, and 8.6%). Overweight increased in
both cases. 382 child of this cohort underwent follow-up at 12yo (268
also at 13yo). The BMI trend is similar to that observed in the main
cohort. In the follow-up, the 50% of obese at 8yo became overweight at
12yo (18% remained obese at the end). The 33% and 55% of obese in the
two surveys became overweight but the 64% remained obese from 8 to
12yo, and the 35% from 12 to 13yo. Normal-weight were almost the same
in the two surveys and slightly increased between the second and the
third.
Correlation index obtained by comparing BMI values at 8 and 12yo is 0.84 indicating
that the weight/height ratio of 12yo child does not change. The overweight increasing
causes a higher metabolic complication risk and it confirm that the prevention must be
made earlier.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
DEVELOPMENT OF REMOTE SUPPORTING SYSTEM FOR ELDERLY TO CONTINUE
SQUARE-STEPPING EXERCISE
Authors
1
M. Nakagaichi
Affiliations
1
Graduate School Of Health Sciences, Nagasaki Univesity, Nagasaki, JAPAN
Body
Background and aims: We have been developing the remote supporting system for
elderly to continue square-stepping exercise that improve lower-extremity functional
fitness. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of long-term
square-stepping exercise by using remote supporting system. Methods: Thirteen
individuals aged 65-79 participated in square-stepping exercise program for 90 min,
once a week, for 12 weeks. After this program, they have being continued
square-stepping exercise by using remote supporting system by oneself. Prior to and
after the program, we obtained information on 5 physical performance tests to
calculate physical fitness age. After the program, progress of square-stepping exercise
was followed-up for 6 months. Results and conclusions: After the program, significant
improvements observed in leg power, locomotion speed. Additionally, physical fitness
age decreased significantly after the program (3.7 yr). Among 6 month after the
program, more than 70% of participants had continued to square-stepping exercise at
least a once a week. These results suggest that, square-stepping exercise is effective
improved to physical fitness age, further, easy to continue to using the remote
supporting system.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT EDUCATION PROGRAMS ON PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF
PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
R. Roettger Katrin , E. Grimminger , F. Kreuser , L. Asslaender , A. Gollhofer , U.
2
Korsten-reck
Affiliations
1
2
Institute Of Sport And Sport Science, University Of Freiburg, Freiburg, GERMANY,
Department Of Rehabilitative And Preventive Sports Medicine, University Medical
Center, University Of Freiburg, Freiburg, GERMANY
Body
Introduction: Physical Activity-Participation (PA) at preschool-ages is vital to establish
lifelong physical activity habits. Due to the increasing out-of-home care for
preschoolers these settings are of emerging interest. Therefore we investigated the
influence of country-specific education-programs on physical activity of preschoolers.
Comparing the three countries France, Germany and Switzerland we aimed to identify
parameters to enhance and promote PA in early childhood.
Methods: The pilot-study measurements were conducted in three cities of the
tri-national region with similar population.
N= 60 children (age: 5,6±0,59 years) of randomized chosen nursery schools in each city
were measured by direct accelerometry for 7 consecutive days. Proxy-report diary and
physical-activity questionnaire were completed by parents and caregivers.
Anthropometrical data (weight, height, skinfold thickness) and socioeconomic data
were obtained. Country-specific timetables and curricula were analysed.
Results: Median daily activity was lower in French versus German and Swiss children (p
< .01). In the forenoon (9-12.00) French children were significantly more passive than
German or Swiss children (p < .01). In the afternoon Swiss children are significantly
more active than French or German Children (p < .01).
Direct accelerometry revealed no significant differences for physical activity between
the children at the weekend but PA was lower at the weekend compared to weekdays
(p < .05).
Conclusion: Compared to the more unstructured system in Switzerland and Germany
the regimented and highly structured French system leads to more inactivity in
preschoolers on weekday especially in the forenoon. In conclusion, “open concepts”
should be preferred for enhancing physical activity in contrast to desk-based teaching
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
PRACTICE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, ANTHROPOMETRIC PROFILE, DIET AND METABOLIC
PARAMETERS IN EXECUTIVES CHECK-UP
Authors
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
P. Silva , K. Sarkis , C. Yamashita , A. Oliveira , C. Yabuta , A. Silva , A. Hayashi , A.
1
1
1
1
1
Carreiro , C. Kuperszmidt , R. Nahas , T. Rodrigues , R. Ciconelli
Affiliations
1
Grupo Fleury, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL
Body
Objective: Compare the dietary profile, anthropometric and metabolic parameters in
eligible executives check-up, according to the practice of Physical Activity.
Methodology: 2551 customers who filled out the questionnaires about the practice of
physical activity between 2010 and 2011. Were classified into active and sedentary
(ACSM) and divided into two groups. Evaluated Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist
Circumference (WC) and biochemical parameters. Statistical analysis used Student
t-tests and Mann Whitney test. Significance p <0.05. Results: Mean age was 43.5 (±
8.9) years. 57.6% of subjects reported practicing regular physical activity, but according
to ACSM, only 27.1% are active (p <0.001). The Active Group (AG) had a mean BMI and
AC lower than Sedentary Group (SG) (26.2 kg/m2 vs. 27.3 kg/m2, 90.3 cm vs. 94.5 cm,
respectively, p <0.001). Median AG was higher HDL-cholesterol (53 [45, 62] mg / dL vs.
48 [41.58] mg / dL, p <0.001) and lower in triglycerides (90 [68, 130] mg / dL vs. 110
[79, 154] mg / dL, p <0.001). In the food profile, there were differences in all variables
(p <0.05), less for legumes. 61.6% of sedentary performed fewer than 4 meals / day vs.
43% of AG. Vegetables and fruits, at least 5x/week is higher in the AG (74% vs. 64%,
59% vs. 43% respectively). 47.3% of active individuals consume more than 500g of
meat / week (vs. 37.7%). Conclusion: The lipid profile, anthropometric and food is the
best active managers. It´s necessary pay particular attention to sedentary executives
who consider themselves active.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE: A 3 YEARS STUDY IN TRANSPLANTED ATHLETES
Authors
1
V. Totti , M. Zancanaro, A. Nanni Costa, G.S. Roi
Affiliations
1
2
Isokinetic Medical Group, Fitot, Bologna, Padova, ITALY, Isokinetic Medical Group,
3
4
Bologna, ITALY, Italian National Transplant Centre, Roma, ITALY, Isokinetic Medical
Group, Bologna, ITALY
Body
Introduction
Health-related quality of life is a marker in chronic diseases, allowing the quantification
of the subjective perception of physical, emotional and social needs. The aim of this
preliminary study was to evaluate longitudinal changes in the health-related quality of
life in transplanted athletes, with a 3 years follow-up, through administration of the
SF36 questionnaire.
Methods
The SF36 was completed by 11 transplanted athletes (39±12 yrs; 70±13 kg; 170±9 cm;
24.2±3.8 kg/m²) who received heart (1), liver (2), bone marrow (4), kidney (4)
transplant. They had a mean age from transplant of 12.9±6.8 yrs and participated in
competitions during 3 subsequent editions (2010-2011 and 2012) of the National
Transplant Games.
Results
In the 3 years follow up the transplanted athletes showed non significant differences
(ANOVA) in 7 scales of SF36: physical functioning (95±8, 97±5 and 96±5 in 2010, 2011
and 2012 respectively), body pain (92±11, 91±18, 87±20), general health (77±18,
76±19, 80±19), vitality (80±13, 80±11, 78±13), social functioning (91±13, 90±10,
91±15), role limitations due to emotional problems (95±11, 94±14, 94±20) and mental
health (84±7, 83±12, 84±15).
The scale of role limitations due to physical problems significantly increased (P<0.05) in
2012 compared to 2010 (91±13, 98±8, 100±0).
Conclusions
Transplanted athletes are able to maintain an unchanged perception of their state of
physical and mental health in the observed period.
Despite these transplanted athletes are not representative of the general transplant
population, our preliminary data suggest that near-normal level of health-related
quality of life is possible after transplantation, and that practicing sport activities can
maintain a good quality of life.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
RUNNING SCHOOLS: A NEW CONCEPT FOR INTEGRATION OF HEALTHY AND ACTIVE
LIFESTYLE IN CROATIA
Authors
1
2
1
P. Vlahek , V. Matijevic-mikelic , P. Kisicek
Affiliations
1
Special Rehabilitation Hospital Varazdinske Toplice, Spinal Unit, Varazdinske Toplice,
2
CROATIA, Clinical Hospital Center Sisters Of Mercy, Rheumatology Department,
3
Zagreb, CROATIA, University Of Kinesiology, Zagreb, CROATIA
Body
OBJECTIVE:Running is physical activity which was hundred years ago a dominant way
of transportation from point A to point B in whole world and in underdeveloped
countries today, still is. In last 100 years with increment of machines utilisation for
transport, our bodies forgot to run and running and race participation is considered as
a grueling and exhaustive sport, especially long distance running.
Decreased physical activity produces variety of diseases with a great portion of
overall morbidity and mortality. Physical exercise is proven to be a good preventive
method and running is one of them.
Aim of this study was to investigate if Running School Concept is good way to achieve
this.
DESIGN AND METHODS: We present a concept of Running Schools, where adult
sedentary healthy people, with no experience in running, are led from absolute
beginner to halfmarathon (21.1km) finisher in 5 months, training 3-5 times a week,
supervised by trainers and a medical doctor. Participants took the questionnaire after
finishing the halfmarathon.
RESULTS: More than 100 individuals out of 110 who entered The School in 2011.,
finished halfmarathon, and 72 took the questionnaire. On average participant lost 3
kilograms, average BMI fell from 23.17 kg/m2 to 22.56, kg/m2, average
halfmarathon time was 1 hour 55 minutes. Other parameters were measured, too. The
participants continued running after The School.
CONCLUSION: We conclude that Running School Concept is a good way in introducing
and maintaining active and healthy lifestyle as a disease prevention.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: LIFESTYLE-INTEGRATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Title
SPORTS MEDICINE KNOWLEDGE AND ETHICAL CHALLENGES OF OLYMPIC EDUCATION
Authors
1
2
C. Hadjistephanou-papaellina , E. Isidori
Affiliations
1
2
Department Of Education, University Of Cyprus, Cyprus, CYPRUS, Department Of
Educational Sciences, University Of Rome "foro Italico", Rome, ITALY
Body
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to demonstrate that modern sports medicine, often
accused of scientific reductionism in its approaches to the problems of sport, is both a
human and a pedagogical knowledge that can contribute to the development of
Olympic Education.
DESIGN AND METHOD: This research, divided in two parts and developed by studying
ancient literary and philosophical sources, will focus on the concept of therapeia,
which will be analyzed using a historical method (first part) and a hermeneutical
method (second part and conclusions).
RESULTS: The hermeneutical analysis of Olympic sport in ancient times, summed up in
the practice of therapeia, showed a unified medical knowledge. A knowledge of the
body and of the mind at the same time, which was not divided between a
philosophical, educational, and a religious theoresis, on one hand, and an experimental
practice, on the other hand, because it was embodied in the physician-therapist who
was at the same time teacher, priest and keeper of the agonal/sport knowledge.
Contemporary Olympic education, now secularized, has lost its religious component,
replaced by a secular ethics of sport and a secular paideia, and has forgotten the
fundamental role that medical knowledge has historically played in its genesis.
CONCLUSIONS: This study has shown that sports medicine, a holistic knowledge not
dichotomized and centered on the concept of therapeia, can help to reaffirm the
centrality of the person - seen in its unity of body and mind - in the Olympic sport,
contributing through an exhortatory ethical methodology rather than a prescriptive
one to the development of the Olympic values.
References:
De Coubertin P. (2000). Olympism. Selected Writings, ed. N. Müller, IOC. Lausanne
Donghi P., Preta L. (1995), Eds. In principio era la cura. Fondazione Sigma-Tau/Laterza.
Roma-Bari
Longrigg J. (1998). Greek Medicine. From the heroic to the Hellenistic Age. A source
book. Routledge. London-New York.
Miller, S. G. (2004). Arete. Greek sport from ancient sources. University of California
Press. Los Angeles: CA.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
THE EFFECT OF SELECTED DIET ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF
PROFESSIONAL ARCHERS, WOMEN IN LUTEAL PERIOD.
Authors
1
1
1
1
S. Ghasempour , F. Ghasempour , K. Ebrahim , H. Ahmadi
Affiliations
1
Archery Fedration Ofiran, Tehran, IRAN
Body
[email protected]
The purpose of this study is the investigate the effect of selected diet on some
physiological characteristics of professional archer,s women in luteal period.For this
purpose,20 women of Iran archery national team(compound and recurve)with
difference levels(level A and level B) were selected.They were categorized into two
groups(experimental and control group). The physical characteristics for experimental
group were:age:26/3 ±2/36yr,weight:60/2 ±3/39kg,height:166/4 ±4/38cm and for
controle group were:age:24/6 ± 2/12 yr,weight:61 ±4/92kg,height:165/9 ±4/33cm.All
participants were asked to fill in questionnaire about their periods .furthermore, their
heart beats,blood pressure and the Vo2max were measured in pre-test and
after-test.For both test a record was taken from athletes.Participants had to shoot
36arrows to target with 122×122cm with distance a 70m. The sum of scores for each
participants, With spss17 :Statistical analysis by using descriptive statistics,Levin test
for confirming or refuting variance,t-student test for comparing the means of pre-test
and after-test,independent t-student test for comparing the difference between
experimental and control group.The result of this study shows that there are a
meaningful relationship between the selected diet (include 50gr soy nuts and soy milk
Everyday)and some physiological charctristics such as heart beats,blood
pressure,Vo2max and also archers records(shooting36 arrows) .To summarize the
result of study proposed that a phytoestrogen diet can prevent the decrease of archers
record in luteal period.
Keywords: selected diet, physiological characteristics, professional archers, women in,
luteal
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
ASSESSMENT OF
QUADRICEPS
STRETCHING IN PFPS
Authors
1
2
3
F. Graziani , J. Coudreuse , S. Mesure
Affiliations
1
2
Sport Medical University Marseille, Marseille, FRANCE, Sport Medical University
3
Marseille, Marseille, FRANCE, Staps University Marseille, Marseille, FRANCE
Body
background : In Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) many authors (1) found a
weakness in eccentric muscle strength,. It could represent a runway for treatment of
PFPS. But Eccentric muscular work is maybe not the more efficiency.
So what can
be expected with stretching Quadriceps on the PFPS?
Objectives : To compare the knee pain and the quadriceps strength before and after
Quadriceps Stretching.
Material and Methods : For each patients the two knees were selected to make
comparison between healthy and not healthy knee. EVA method was used to assess
the pain and that before and after stretching . Isokinetic Test was practiced always in
the same chronology: Training the test with the healthy knee at three speeds. Then,
assessment of the injured knee at the three same speeds followed by Quadriceps
stretching (3x 20 sec) and a last isokinetic evaluation .
Results : With 20 patients evaluated 10 improved their strength upper 20% .We also
assess a diminution of the pain 2.3 in average with 14 patients
Conclusions: Upper strength and decrease of pain after stretching were notified.
Quadriceps stretching in PFPS should be an alternative at the muscular eccentric work .
References
(1) Clark DI and al Physiotherapy for anterior knee pain : A randomised controlled
trial ,Ann Rheum Dis 2000;59:700-4
(2) Folwes JR and al .Reduced strength after passive stretch of the human plantar
flexors . J Appl Physiol 2000; 89:1179-88
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
MELOXICAM AS A TREATMENT FOR LOW BACK PAIN IN ATHLETES
Authors
1
N. Syrmos
Affiliations
1
. Neurosurgery Department, Venizeleio General Hospital,heraklion,crete,greece,
Heraklion,crete,greece, GREECE
Body
Meloxicam as a treatment for low back pain in athletes
N. Syrmos1,3, V. Giannouli 2 ,A.Mylonas3 ,
G. Gavridakis4 ,K. Grigoriou1, V.Valadakis1,C. Iliadis1,D.Arvanitakis1
1. Neurosurgery Department, Venizeleio General Hospital,Heraklion,Crete,Greece
2. Psychologist, MSc Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology, Aristotle University of
Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece
3 Department of Anatomy, School of Sports Science,. Aristotle University of
Thessaloniki, Macedonia,Greece .
4.CT –scan Department, Venizeleio General Hospital,Heraklion,Crete,Greece
Aim - The aim of the study was to investigate and to evaluate the clinical effects , the
safety and the efficacy , of meloxicam administrated for low back pain in athletes
Material-Methods - This retrospective study included 20 athlets suffering from low
back pain , without any previous treatment, and who did not need surgery. 20
patients, 5 female -25% - 15 male -75%-, mean age 33years, range 20-40
years
Meloxicam therapy was conducted using intramuscular injections of 15 mg daily during
7 days with following oral drug intake -1 tablet daily- during other 7 days . Total
treatment duration was 2 weeks. This treatment regime proved to be effective. The
subjective meloxicam efficacy was the following: moderate- 5 cases ,25% . good-5
cases , 25% very good 10 cases,50%
Conclusion - This study therefore demonstrates that meloxicam 15 mg i.v. followed by
oral therapy seems to be safe, well tolerated and efficacious in the treatment of .
low back pain in athletes .Further studies were warranted
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
GROWTH, PUBERTAL DEVELOPMENT, MENSTRUAL FUNCTION, BONE ACQUISITION
AND HORMONAL HOMEOSTASIS IN ELITE RHYTHMIC GYMNASTS
Authors
1
2
M. Leglise , N.A. Georgopoulos
Affiliations
1
Vice President Of International Federation Of Gymnastics (fig) President Of
2
International Federation Of Gymnastics Medic, Lausanne, SWITZERLAND, University
Of Patras Medical School, University Hospital Division Of Reproductive Endocrinology,
Department Of Obstetric, Rio Patras, GREECE
Body
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MISCELLANEA
Title
STRATEGIES AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MANAGING ATHLETE BEHAVIOUR
Authors
1
2
3
B. Harris-reeves , J. Skinner , P. Milburn
Affiliations
1
2
Griffith University, Gold Coast, AUSTRALIA,
Griffth University, Gold Coast,
3
AUSTRALIA, Griffth University, Gold Coast, AUSTRALIA
Body
This study investigated the behaviour management practices used by beginning
coaches. It is recognised that a well-managed coaching environment can provide a
dynamic and engaging learning experience for athletes. Despite this, the behaviour of
athletes can often interfere with the coaching process. Coaches can have a profound
effect on the athletes they train, and it is for this reason coaches need to ensure they
create positive training environments.
This study identified the limited literature surrounding strategies for managing athlete
behaviour, highlighting the importance of developing a behaviour management
approach applicable to the coaching context that caters to the needs of both coaches
and athletes. The research investigated behaviour theories designed for the school
environment, and explored how these theories may be adapted to a sporting context.
Data collection focussed on seven beginning coaches with little or no prior coaching
experience. The objective of the data collection was to investigate whether beginning
coaches implement behaviour management into their coaching practice.
The research findings indicate the strategies employed by beginning coaches were
limited. The majority of strategies used were verbal, intrinsic and consequent when
responding to inappropriate athlete behaviour. This is despite many behavioural
theorists recognising the effectiveness of non-verbal and extrinsic motivators, and the
establishment of rules and expectations known as antecedent strategies.
The literature and data collected in this study enabled the researcher to develop
behaviour management recommendations for coaches. The main objective of these
strategies was to provide coaches with a set of guidelines for managing athlete
behaviour.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
EXERCISE-INDUCED HEMORHEOLOGY EFFECTS IN YOUNG SUBJECTS
Authors
1
1
1
2
R. Alis , M. Romagnoli , S. Ibañez , A. Vaya
Affiliations
1
2
Catholic University Valencia (valencia, Spain)., Valencia, SPAIN, Hemorheology And
Thrombosis Unit, La Fe University Hospital, Valencia, SPAIN
Body
Introduction:
There is little information regarding the effect of acute exercise on blood rheological
parameters in young subject [1]. We aimed to analyze the whole rheological profile in
young subjects after acute exercise.
Methods:
Ten young subjects aged (12 to 16) performed an incremental maximal treadmill test.
Blood samples were collected before and after cessation of exercise. Erythrocyte
deformability at 12, 30 and 60 Pa, erythrocyte aggregation, fibrinogen, native blood
viscosity and at 45% corrected hematocrit, plasma viscosity and basic hematological
parameters were analyzed according to previous studies of our group [2]. Differences
between pre and post measures were assessed using an ANOVA test. P values <0.05
were considered statistically significant.
Results:
Erythrocyte deformability indexes decreased at all the shear stresses tested (p<0.001).
Hematocrit augmented (pre: 40,40±2,84 %, post: 41,84±2,85 %, p<0,05). Plasma
viscosity increased (pre: 1,22±0,04 mPa•s, post: 1,27±0,05 mPa•s, p<0,05). Native
blood viscosity increased but not significantly (pre: 4,02±0,66 mPa•s, post: 4,20±0,47
mPa•s, p=0,378).
Discussion
The results of the present study indicate that acute exercise modifies blood rheological
behavior, increasing hematocrit, plasma viscosity and decreasing erythrocyte
deformability. However the magnitude of these changes is not relevant enough to
modify blood viscosity.
References
1.
Brun, J.-F., et al., Hemorheological alterations related to training and
overtraining. Biorheology, 2010. 47(2): p. 95-115.
2.
Vayá, A., et al., Metabolic alterations in morbid obesity. Influence on the
haemorheological profile. Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation, 2011. 48(4): p.
247-255.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
THE ELASTIN AND FIBRILLIN2 GENES AND THE RISK OF ACHILLES TENDON PATHOLOGY
Authors
1
2
2, 3
4
5
1
L. El Khoury , M. Posthumus , M. Collins , C. Handley , J. Cook , S. Raleigh
Affiliations
1
The Division Of Health And Life Sciences, University Of Northampton, Northampton,
2
UNITED KINGDOM, Uct/ Mrc Research Unit For Exercise Science And Sports Medicine,
3
Faculty Of Health Sciences, University Of Cape Town, Cape Town, SOUTH AFRICA,
4
South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, SOUTH AFRICA, School Of
Human Biosciences And The Musculoskeletal Research Centre, La Trobe University,
5
Melbourne, AUSTRALIA, Centre Of Physical Activity And Nutritional Research, School
Of Exercise And Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, AUSTRALIA
Body
Objective: Achilles tendon pathology (ATP) is a multifactorial condition for which
genetic risk factors have been identified. Variants within the COL5A1, MMP3 and
GDF-5 genes have been associated with this condition. The Elastin (ELN) proteins give
elasticity to tendons, allowing them to stretch and return to their original state. The
Fibrillin-2 (FBN2) glycoproteins play important roles in the formation of microfibril
filaments, providing strength and flexibility to tendons. Mutations within the ELN and
FBN2 genes have been linked to Marfan’s syndrome and contractual congenital
arachnodactyly respectively. Furthermore, the ELN rs2071307 and the FBN2 rs331079
variants have been found to associate with aortic and intracranial aneurysm
respectively; therefore disrupting the extracellular matrix. The aim of this study was to
determine whether these polymorphisms were associated with the risk of ATP in two
independent populations.
Design and Method: 213 (115 ATP cases and 98 asymptomatic controls) South African
Caucasian participants and 209 (60 ATP cases and 149 asymptomatic controls)
Australian Caucasian participants were recruited for this case-control genetic
association study. All participants were genotyped using TaqMan technology for the
ELN G/A rs2071307 and FBN2 G/C rs331079 polymorphisms.
Results: The genotype frequency of FBN2 rs331079 was significantly different
(P=0.043) between the ATP (GG, 86.2%; GC, 13.2%; CC, 0.6%) and CON (GG, 76.9%; GC,
21.0%; CC, 2.1%) groups. There was no significant association between ELN rs2071307
(P=0.804) and risk of ATP.
Conclusion: This study shows for the first time that variation within the FBN2 gene is
associated with ATP in Caucasian cohorts.
29
September
XXXII WORLD CONGRESS OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Rome, 27 - 30 September 2012
Topic: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND SPORT
Title
PLATELET-RICH PLASMA AND TGF-BETA ANTAGONISTS AS NEW POTENT
THERAPEUTICS FOR MUSCLE INJURIES REPAIR
Authors
1
2
2
3
3
2
R. Kelc , M. Trapecar , L. Gradisnik , R. Mlakar , M.S. Rupnik , A. Cencic , M. Vogrin
1
Affiliations
1
Department Of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Clinical Center Maribor, Maribor,
2
Department Of Biochemistry And Nutrition, Faculty Of Medicine,
SLOVENIA,
3
University Of Maribor, Maribor, SLOVENIA, Institute Of Physiology, Faculty Of
Medicine, University Of Maribor, Maribor, SLOVENIA
Body
Injured skel